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Express Greetings
A. Greeting Someone

It’s the way to greet/ say hello to someone we meet

• Hello, Dewa.

• Morning, Nugroho.

• How are you doing?

• How’s life?


• Hi, Budi.

• Morning Amir.

• Fine thanks. And you?

B. Introducing Oneself and Others

It’s the way to introduce ourselves or someone

• Hello, I’m Agus. What’s your name?

• I’d like to introduce myself. I’m Heri.

• I’d like you to meet my friend, this is Andi.


• Hello Agus. My name is Daud.

• Hi, Andi. Nice to meet you.

• Hi Andi, I’m Samsul. How do you do?

C. Express Parting

It’s the way to say good bye when we part with/about to leave others

• See you later.

• Maybe we could get together sometime.

• So long. Take care.

• Sounds good. I’ll call you later.

2.Accepting and Canceling Appointment

A. Accepting Appointment

It’s the way to accept an appointment

 Formal

• I don’t see why not

• Id’ be happy to …

• By all means

• I see no objection

• Certainly

 Informal

• Sure

• No problem

• Ok

B. Cancelling Appointment

It’s the way to cancel/refuse an appointment

• I think I can’t …

• I don’t think I could … , actually

• I wish I could, but …

3.Reflexive and Emphasizing Pronouns

A. Reflexive pronouns
We use the reflexive pronouns to indicate that the person who realizes the
action of the verb is the same person who receives the action. Reflexive
pronouns are identical in form to intensive pronouns.

Subject Reflexive
Singular I Myself
You Yourself
He Himself
She Herself
It Itself
Plural We Ourselves
They Themselves
You Yoursleves

• I cut my hair myself.

* In this example "I" does the action of cutting the hair and at the same
time "I" gets the action of the hair being cut.
• We defended ourselves brilliantly.
* In this example the reflexive pronoun "ourselves" refers back to the
subject of the sentence.
• John talks to himself when he is nervous.
* In this example "Himself" refers to John.

B. Emphasizing pronouns

Emphasizing pronouns is used to emphasize the person or persons by whom

the action is done


• I myself locked the door

• They themselves ask for the money

Difference between Reflexive and Emphasizing Pronouns

A pronoun is a reflexive one if the action of the subject reflects upon the doer.
Emphatic pronouns, on the other hand, are used to just emphasize the action of
the subject.

He cut himself. (Reflexive: here the subject and object refer to the same
He himself cut the cake. (Emphatic: here the emphatic pronoun himself merely
puts emphasis on the noun he.)
I spoke to the principal myself. (Emphatic)
You must blame yourself for the loss. (Reflexive)

Note that an emphatic pronoun can be removed from the sentence and the core
meaning would not be affected. A reflexive pronoun, on the other hand, is
indispensable. The sentence wouldn’t make complete sense if you remove the
reflexive pronoun.

He himself cut the cake. He cut the cake.
He cut himself. He cut …what?

You will have noticed that in the first pair of sentences, the core meaning
doesn’t change when the emphatic pronoun himself is removed from the
sentence. In the second pair of sentences, the meaning changes or becomes
incomplete when the reflexive pronoun is removed.