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AR – BOARD EXAM REVIEW - STRUCTURAL

Steel Design
by: Eng’r. Edgar Cruz, MSCE
Name: __________________________________ Date: ___________ Score: ______
DIRECTION: Choose the correct answer from the given choices. Write the letter of the correct
answer in the space provided before each number. GOOD LUCK!

_____1. In structural steel design, structures carrying liveload which induce impact, the assumed liveload
shall be increased sufficiently to provide for it. If not otherwise specified, the increase for supports of
elevators shall be:
a. 50% b. 100% c. 150% d. 200 %

_____2. Based on the AISC, what is the maximum slenderness ratio kL/r for tension members?
a. 100 b. 200 c. 250 d. 300

_____3. The slenderness ratio of compression members shall not exceed:


a. 100 b. 200 c. 250 d. 300

_____4. A wide flange section is used as a beam to carry a total shear of 900KN. If the depth of the wide
flange section is 600mm, determine the required web thickness. Fy= 250Mpa.
a. 20mm b. 25mm c. 15mm d. 10mm

_____5. The point on the cross section of a member where a transverse load must pass to minimize
twisting
a. centroid b. shear center c. torsional center d. center of mass

_____6. The maximum size of fillet weld that may be used along edges of materials less than 6mm thick:
a. Not greater than thickness of material
b. Not greater than thickness of material less 1.6mm
c. 8mm
d. 6mm

_____7. The maximum size of fillet weld that may be used along edges of materials 6mm or more in
thickness:
a. Not greater than thickness of material
b. Not greater than thickness of material less 1.6mm
c. 8mm
d. 6mm

_____8. It is the sidewise bending or displacement accompanied by twisting about minor or weaker axis
usually at the compression section.
a. crippling b. buckling c. torsion d. sagging

_____9. Riveted and bolted splice and gusset plates and other connection fittings subject to tensile force
shall be design in accordance with AISC requirements where the effective net area shall be taken as the
actual net area except that, for the purpose of design calculations, it shall not be taken as greater than __.
a. 85% of gross area b. 90% of gross area c. 70% of gross area d. 75% of gross area

_____10. Roof liveloads shall be assumed to act:


a. vertically upon the area projected on the horizontal
b. vertically upon the surface area of the roof
c. normal to the surface area of the roof
d. all of the above

_____11. The Euler Column Formula for finding the critical load on a long column is P cr=2EI/L2 where L is
the effective length of the column. For a column hinged at the top, fixed at the bottom and 20 inches high,
the critical load is equal to:
a. Pcr=2EI/100 b. Pcr=2EI/196 c. Pcr=2EI/400 d. Pcr=2EI/1600

_____12. The shear strength of a steel I-beam is dependent on the


a. thickness of flange b. width of flange c. thickness of web d. area of web

_____13. The allowable stresses for tension in structural steel in terms of gross area is:
a. 0.60Fu b. 0.40Fy c. 0.60Fy d. 0.50Fu
AR – BOARD EXAM REVIEW - STRUCTURAL
Steel Design
by: Eng’r. Edgar Cruz, MSCE
Name: __________________________________ Date: ___________ Score: ______
DIRECTION: Choose the correct answer from the given choices. Write the letter of the correct
answer in the space provided before each number. GOOD LUCK!

_____14. The allowable stresses for tension in structural steel in terms of effective net area is:
a. 0.60Fu b. 0.40Fy c. 0.60Fy d. 0.50Fu

_____15. It is an imaginary distance from the centroidal axis at which the entire area can be assumed to
exist without affecting the moment of inertia.
a. centroid distance b. moment of inertia c. radius of gyration d. eccentricity

_____16. A Wide-Flange Section W21x83 weighs ____ kg/m.


a. 123 b. 196 c. 300 d. 92

_____17. A Wide-Flange Section W21x83 has an overall depth of approximately___millimeters.


a. 450 b. 530 c. 600 d. 720

_____18. In computing net area, the width of a rivet or bolt hole shall be taken as ___mm greater than the
nominal dimension of the hole normal to the direction of applied stress.
a. 2.0 b. 1.2 c. 0.85 d. 1.6

_____19. It is the ability of a material like steel to undergo large inelastic deformation without failure.
a. elasticity b. ductility c. ductility d. strength

_____20. For relatively short fittings such as splice or gusset plates used as statically loaded connecting
elements, the net area An shall not exceed ___% of the gross area Ag.
a. 85 b. 65 c. 50 d. 75

_____21. Modulus of Elasticity of structural steel in MPa.


a. 100000 b. 200000 c. 300000 d. 400000

_____22. It is also known as the second moment of area.


a. centroid distance b. moment of inertia c. radius of gyration d. eccentricity

_____23. Steel is an alloy comprising of two elements. They are __ and __.
a. carbon & copper b. copper & tin c. iron & copper d. carbon & iron

_____24. This type of fastener is installed by heating to a light cherry-red color, inserting it into a hole and
then applying pressure to the preformed head while at the same time squeezing the plain end to form a
rounded head.
a. bolt b. rivet c. weld d. NOTA

_____25. The allowable bending stress of a non-compact channel section bent about their weaker axis is
taken ___ Fy.
a. 0.6 b. 0.66 c. 0.75 d. 0.45

_____26. It is a roof beam spanning between trusses or rigid frames subjected to flexure or bending.
a. lintel b. purlin c. girt d. truss

_____27. The allowable bending stress of a compact wide-flange section bent about their weaker axis is
taken ___ Fy.
a. 0.6 b. 0.66 c. 0.75 d. 0.45

_____28. The maximum bending moment for a purlin may be taken as:
a. wL2/12 b. wL2/10 c. wL2/8 d. wL2/20

_____29. What is the weight of 32mm diameter deformed steel bar 9m long? Weight of steel = 7850
kg/cu.m.
a. 40.34 kgs b. 51.39 kgs c. 54.49 kgs d. 56.87 kgs

_____30. What is the weight of 40mm diameter deformed steel bar 1m long?
a. 9.56 kgs b. 10.39 kgs c. 11.40 kgs d. 12.69 kgs
I. STRUCTURAL

1. For a force system to be in static equilibrium, the algebraic summation of forces is:
a. 100 % b. minimum c. maximum d. zero

2. The maximum moment of a simply supported beam whose span length is L, in meter, carrying a
uniformly distributed load of w in N/m, is:
a. wL2/2 b. wL2/4 c. wL2/8 d. wL2/10
3. Loads that are movable or replaceable on structure are known as:
a. Dead Load b. Live Load c. Seismic Load d. Envtl Load

4. A large beam supporting a smaller beam is called:


a. Joist b. Girder c. Purlin d. Lintel Beam

5. The modulus of elasticity of structural steel is:


a. 100 GPa b. 200 GPa c. 200 MPa d. 450 GPa

6. What is the force developed in a 50mm x 50mm bar subjected to an axial tensile force of 100N?
a. 100N b. zero c. 0.04 MPa d. 200N

7. It is one in which the lateral stiffness is less than 70% of the stiffness of the story above it.
a. Soft story b. Weak story c. Story drift d. Ordinary moment resisting system

8. A horizontal or nearly horizontal system acting to transmit lateral forces to the vertical
resisting elements. It includes horizontal bracing system.
a. Shear wall chord b. Boundary elements c. Diaphragm d. Dual system

9. These are inert material used in concrete which occupy more than 75% of the volume of the
hardened concrete product.
a. Sand b. Gravel c. Debris d. Aggregates

10. A cantilevered beam, 5m long is loaded with 10KN concentrated load at the free end. What is the
maximum moment developed at the fixed end?
a. 10KN b. 50KN c. 50KNm d. 5KNm

11. Steel elements such as wire, cables, bars, rods or strands of wires or a bundle of such
elements used in pre-stressed concrete structures are called:
a. Hangers b. Stirrups c. Bundled bars d. Tendons

12. What method of pre-stressing in which tendons are tensioned before concrete is cast in place?
a. Pre-tensioning b. Pre-poisoning c. Pre-casting d. Pre-stressing

13. Two forces equal in magnitude but oppositely directed and produce moment, is called:
a. Torque b. Moment c. Couple d. Coupling
14. This refers to the substance other than aggregate, cement or water added in small quantity
normally less than 5% of the weight cement, to alter the properties of the concrete mix or the
hardened solid.
a. Grout b. Inert Materials c. steel bars d. Admixture

15. What do you call the distance between supports?


a. Span b. Moment arm c. Bay length d. Center-center distance

II. NSCP
1. The minimum bend diameter for 10mm Ǿ through 25mm Ǿ bars
a. 12db b. 6db c. 10db d. 8db

2. Bars larger than ____mm shall not be bundles in beams.


a. 25mm b. 16mm c. 28mm d. 36mm

3. Minimum concrete cover cast against and permanently exposed to earth


a. 50mm b. 75mm c. 100mm d. 150mm

4. In ultimate strength design, the strength reduction factor Ǿ for shear and torsion
a. 0.70 b. 0.75 c. 0.85 d. 0.90

5. The minimum one way slab thickness for a BOTH ends continuous slab is
a. L/20 b. L/24 c. L/10 d. L/28

6. Deep simple span flexural members has overall depth to clear span ratio greater than
a. 0.40 b. 0.60 c. 0.70 d. 0.75 e. None of the above

7. Before commencing the excavation work, the person making the excavation shall notify in writing the
owner of the adjoining building not less than _____ days before such excavation is to be made.
a. 10days b. 15days c. 30days d. 45days

8. The minimum distance that the toe of fill slope made to the site boundary line
a. 0.60m b. 0.80m c. 1.50m d. 2.0m

9. When grillage footings of structural steel shapes are used on soils, they shall completely
embedded in concrete. Concrete cover shall be at least ____mm on the bottom.
a. 10mm b. 12mm c. 200mm d. 250mm

10. The minimum nominal diameter of steel bolts when wood plates or sill shall be bolted to foundation
wall in zone 4 seismic area in the Philippines.
a. 10mm b. 12mm c. 16mm d. 20mm

11. The maximum spacing of ties and spirals in a driven pre-cast concrete pile center to center.
a. 75mm b. 100mm c. 125mm d. 150mm

12. Aviation control towers fall to what type of occupancy?


a. special occupancy structures b. essential facilities
c. hazardous facilities d. standard occupancy

13. The allowable deflection for any structural member loaded with live load only.
a. L/200 b. L/240 c. L/300 d. L/360

14. The allowable deflection for any structural member loaded with dead load and live load only.
a. L/200 b. L/240 c. L/300 d. L/360

15. Spacing for a lateral support for a beam shall not exceed _____ times the least width b of
compression flange or face.
a. 30 b. 40 c. 50 d. 60

III. MISCELLANEOUS
1. It is an isolated column of masonry or a bearing wall not bonded at the sides into associated
masonry, when its horizontal dimension measured the right angles or the thickness does
not exceed four times its thickness.
a. pedestal
b. pier
c. slender column
d. wall

2. Method of pre-stressing in which tendons are tensioned after concrete has hardened.
a. pre-stressing
b. pre-tensioning
c. post-tensioning
d. pre-casting

3. A material, other than aggregate, cementitious material or water, added in small quantities to
the mix in order to produce some (desired) modifications, either to the properties of the mix
or of the hardened product.
a. admixture
b. accelerator
c. hydraulic cement
d. air-entraining agent

4. A simply supported beam, L meters long, carrying a uniformly distributed load of w in


N/m, produces a maximum shear force of:
a. wL/2
b. wL2/4
c. 1/2wL2
d. 1/8wL2

5. Structures that are subjected to transverse loads are called:


a. tie rods
b. piles
c. columns
d. beams

6. It states that Stress is proportional to Strain.


a. Pascal’s Law
b. Law of Gravity
c. Hooke’s Law
d. Varignon’s Theorem

7. Members that are generally vertical, subjected to compressive loads, sometimes with
bending moments, are called:
a. trusses
b. columns
c. towers
d. beams

8. These are referred to permanent loads or unmovable loads.


a. Dead Loads
b. Seismic loads
c. Live loads
d. Environmental Loads

9. A force system to be in static equilibrium, the algebraic sum of the forces along any direction:
a. 100%
b. Zero
c. Minimum
d. Maximum

10. The normal force exerted by a smooth horizontal surface towards a 100-lb block acting on it is:
a. 100N
b. 100%
c. Zero
d. 100 lbs

11. It is a twisting force that rotates or tends to rotate a shaft.


a. stress
b. dead load
c. elasticity
d. torque

12. Loads that change position within the span of a beam in short amount of time. These loads are
often exemplified by wheel loads.
a. Dead loads
b. Snow loads
c. Varying loads
d. Moving Loads
13. It is synonym to bending stress.
a. normal stress
b. tangential stress
c. flexural stress
d. torsional stress

14. These are used to connect shafts.


a. welds
b. splices
c. steel bolts
d. flanged bolt couplings

15. Adherence between materials such as bricks/mortar, or piles of felt, of between felts and other
elements of roof systems, which use bitumen or other materials as the cementing agent.
a. Bond
b. Shear
c. Bend
d. Epoxy

16. A mixture of aggregate, cement and water, with or without admixtures is called:
a. concrete
b. reinforced concrete
c. pre-cast concrete
d. concrete block

17. A wall that resists horizontal forces applied in the plane of the wall.
a. Bearing wall
b. Shear wall
c. dike
d. dam

18. If the ratio of the short direction to the long direction of a slab is less than 0.5, then the slab
is considered:
a. two-way slab
b. flat slab
c. ground slab
d. one-way slab

19. In ultimate strength design, the reduction factor Ǿ for bending is:
a. 0.6
b. 0.7
c. 0.8
d. 0.9

20. The actual strain by which a concrete fails is 0.004. For safety purposes, the ACI code allows
designers to use:
a. 0.001
b. 0.002
c. 0.003
d. 0.004

21. The minimum clear cover allowed by the code for slabs, not exposed to weather is:
a. 20mm
b. 30mm
c. 40mm
d. 75mm

22. A number 8(#8 steel reinforcing bar) has a diameter of:


a. 16mm
b. 20mm
c. 25mm
d. 28mm

23. What do you call those structures that are necessary for emergency operations subsequent to
a natural disaster?
a. essential facilities
b. hazardous facilities
c. special occupancy structures
d. standard occupancy structures

24. It is one in which the lateral stiffness is less than 70% of the stiffness of the story above or
less than 80% of the average stiffness of the three stories above.
a. weak story
b. soft story
c. story drift
d. multi-story

25. A structural system without a complete vertical load-carrying space frame.


a. shear wall system
b. bearing wall system
c. bracing system
d. frame

26. The minimum size of fillet weld is:


a. 3mm
b. 5mm
c. 6mm
d. 12mm
27. A cantilever beam whose length is 4 m, loaded with a concentrated load 20 KN at the free
end, produces a maximum bending moment of:
a. 20 KNm
b. 40 KNm
c. 60 KNm
d. 80 KNm

28. Two forces equal in magnitude and oppositely directed is called:


a. couple
b. reaction
c. equilibrant
d. moment

29. The minimum reinforcing steel for Spiral Columns allowed by the ACI Code is:
a. 4-16mm-diameter bars
b. 6-16mm-diameter bars
c. 6-25mm-diameter bars
d. 4-25mm-diameter bars

30. It is a point in a beam or column where there is no moment developed.


a. midspan
b. d-distance from support
c. point of zero shear
d. point of inflection

31. The ACI Code states that “bars larger than #11 should not be bundled in beams or girders”.
This means that one should not bundle the steel bars if the diameter is larger than:
a. 36mm c. 32mm
b. 34mm d. None of the Above

32. The steel ratio, ρ for spiral columns ranges from


a. 0.10-0.80
b. 0.01-0.08
c. 0.001-0.008
d. 0.0001-0.0008

33. The temperature bars are 10-mm diameter steel bars placed on top and perpendicular to
the main reinforcement of:
a. beams
b. spread footings
c. two-way slabs
d. one-way slabs

34. Which is the correct factored load for Strength Design Method?
a. 1.4 DL + 1.7 LL + 1.4 EL
b. 1.7 DL + 1.4 LL + 1.7 EL
c. 1.4 DL + 1.7 LL
d. 1.4 DL + 1.7 EL

35. It is defined as the unit strength of a material


a. Rigidity
b. Hardness
c. Stress
d. Stiffness
36. The stress developed when the applied load causes adjacent sections within a body to slide
past each other.
a. axial stress
b. bearing stress
c. shearing stress
d. flexural stress

37. It is the contact pressure developed between two bodies.


a. bearing stress
b. thermal stress
c. allowable stress
d. strain

38. The stress induced as a result of restrained deformations due to changes in temperature.
a. rupture stress
b. thermal stress
c. yield stress
d. creep

39. The actual stress in a material under a given loading.


a. axial stress
b. bending stress
c. allowable stress
d. working stress

40. It is the maximum safe stress that a material can withstand.


a. ultimate stress c. rupture stress
b. allowable stress d. strain

Multiple Choice (Encircle the letter that corresponds to the best answer).

A wall which support vertical roads in addition to it's weight without the benefit of a complete vertical
load carrying space frame is called:
a.) retaining wall c.)Shearing wall
b.) Curtain wall d.) Bearing wall

2. The point in the moment diagram at which the curvature reverses as it changes from concave to
convex is called:
a.) Point of deflection c.) Point of inflection
b.) Moment of Inertia d.)Magnitude

3. For beam with a slab on one of side only, the effective overhanging flange width shall not
exceed: a.) one-twelfth the span length the beam.
b.) Six-times the slab thickness, one-half the clear distance to the next
web. c.) one-half the clear distance to the next web
d.) any of the above

4. Underwater watertight chamber to allow construction work to be done


a.) Bent chamber c.) Caisson
b.) Submersible air chamber d.) None of these
5. The minimum clear spacing between parallel bars in a layer shall be db but not less than:
a.) 20 mm b.) 25 mm c.) 40 mm d.) 50 mm

6. Where parallel reinforcement is placed in two or more layers, bars in the upper layers shall be
placed directly above bars in the bottom layer with clear distance between layers not less than:
a.) 20 mm b.) 25 mm c.) 30 mm d.) 40 mm

7. Which statement is false?


a.) Development length of main reinforcement is always a function of the reinforcement diameter.
b.) Transverse reinforcement provides additional flexural support.
c.) Spiral hoops have stronger confining effect than ties.
d.) None of the above

8. A point in each normal section of a member through which the axis passes and about
which the section twists
a.) centroid c.) center of gravity
b.) shear center d.) none of the above

9. When the beam is loaded, the new position of its longitudinal centroid axis is called:
a.) Deflected Shape c.) Elastic curve b.) Parabolic Curve d.) Inelastic
Curve

10. What is a round steel bolt embedded in concrete or masonry use to hold down machinery, steel
columns or beams, casting, shoes, beam plates and engine heads?

a.) Retaining bolt c.) Anchor bolts b.) Foundation bolts d.)
Friction bolts

11. Aggregates should conform to PNS or ASTM standards and must be well graded. Easy workability
and method of consolidated are such that the can be poured without honeycomb or voids. what is the
nominal maximum size of a course aggregate when working spaces between reinforcements for proper
bonding?
a.) Course aggregates shall be no large than 1/2 the minimum clear spacing between
individual reinforcing bars or wires. bundles or bars. or prestressing tendons or ducts.
b.) Course aggregates shall be no large than 1/2 the minimum clear spacing between
individual reinforcing bars or wires, bundles of bars, or prestressing tendons or ducts.
c.) Course aggregates shall be no larger than 7/8 the minimum clear spacing between individual
reinforcing bars or wires. Bundles of bars. Or prestressing tendons or ducts.
d.) Course aggregates shall be no larger than 3/4 the minimum clear spacing between individual
reinforcing bars or wires. Bundles of bars. Or prestressing tendons or ducts.

12. In any one bundle, groups of parallel reinforcing bars bundled in contract to act as a unit shall be
limited to a maximum of
a.) three c.) five
b.) four d.) six

13. The most important component to determine the strength of a concrete mix is:
a.) Cement b.) Sand c.) Gravel d.) Lime

14. The greatest stretching stress a structural member can bear without cracking or breaking
a.) Tension limit
b.) T tensile stress
c.) Elasticity limit
d.) None of these

15. Slab thickness for joist construction shall not be less than one- the clear distance ribs nor
twelfth less than
a.) 50mm b.) 75mm c.) 100mm d.) 125mm

16. In T-beam construction, the flange and web being built integrally, the width of the slab effective as
T-beam flange shall not exceed one quarter of the span length of the beam and the effective overhanging
flange width on each side of the web shall not exceed:
a.) eight times the slab thickness
b.) one-half the clear distance to the next web
c.) smaller of the above
d.) 500mm

17. The steel materials are to be butt joined using a fillet weld. The thicker material is 8.5mm.What is the
minimum size of the fillet weld?
a.) 3.0mm c.) 7.5mm
b.) 6.0mm d.) 5.0mm

18. Depth of footing above bottom reinforcement shall not be less than 150mm for footing on soil nor
less than _________ for footing on files
a.) 200mm b.) 250mm c.) 300mm d.) 400mm

19. Maximum usable strain at extreme concrete compression fiber shall be assumed to be equal to
a.) 0.0001 b.) 0.003 c.) 0.002 d.) 0.004

20. In joist construction consisting of monolithic combination of regularly spaced ribs and a top slab, the
ribs shall not less be less than 100mm in width and shall have a depth of not more than
_________times the minimum width of rib
a.)2 b.) 2 1/2 c.) 3 d.)3 ½

21. In spirally reinforced or tied reinforcement compression members, clear distance between
longitudinal (vertical) bars shall not less than 40mm nor
a.) 1.5 db b.) 2.0 db c.) 5.0db d.)1.0db

22. In walls and slabs other than concrete joist construction, primary flexural reinforcement shall be
spaced not farther apart than three times the wall or slab thickness nor
a.) 300mm b.) 400mm c.) 450mm d.) 550mm

23. It is designed to resist lateral forces parallel to the plane of the wall
a.) bearing wall b.) curtain wall c.) grade wall d.) shear wall

24. The section at which the moment changes from positive to negative is called
a.) neutral axis c.) point of shear b.) inflection point d.)
maximum moment

25. Which of the following criterion precludes good condition practice for conduits and pipes embedded in
concrete?
a.) Conduits and pipes embedded in slab, wall or beam shall not be larger in outside dimension than 1/3
the overall thickness of slab, wall or beam in which they are embedded
b.)Reinforcement with an area not less than 0.002 times area of cross-section shall be provided normal to
Piping
c.)Conduits and pipes with their fittings, embedded within the column shall not displace more than 5%
of the area of cross-section on which strength is calculated
d.)Concrete cover for pipes, conduits, and fitting shall not be less than 40mm for concrete exposed
to each of the weather.

26. A 1000mmx25mm nominal diameter deformed steel bar is subjected to test. The following results
were obtained: actual length is 999 mm: actual diameter-23.5mm :actual weight is 3.90 kg: Yield
force=22099.14kg: yield stress = 45.02kg/sqmm: ultimate force = 31425.74kg :ultimate stress = 64.02
kg/sq mm: actual strain =127 %.Judge the quality of the steel bar as per PS standard 681-04.02:1975
a.) Nominal diameter of steel bar .23.5 mm is less than the required diameter of 25 mm, thus of poor
quality
b.) The steel bar is an intermediate steel bar.
c.) Steel bar results is less than the minimum standard of PS grade 410 thus maybe categorized only as
PS grade 275
d.) Steel bar is PS grade 410 and posses the minimum standard for PS grade 410 thus the good quality
27. Which of the following criterion is NOT applicable for plug and slots weld?
a.) The thickness of plug/slot welds in material 16 mm or less in thickness shall be equal to the
thickness of the material
b.) The minimum center to center spacing in a longitudinal direction on any line shall be 2 times the
length of the slot
c.) The thickness of plug or slot welds in material over 16mm in thickness shall be at least 1/2 the
thickness of material but not less than 16mm
d.) The width of the slot shall not be less than the thickness of the part containing it plus 8 mm nor shall
it be greater than 2 1/2 times the thickness of the weld

28. Which of the following criteria for bundled bars do not apply?
a.) Bars larger than 32 mm shall not be bundled in beams
b.) Bundled bars shall be enclosed within stirrups or ties
c.) Group of parallel reinforcing bars bundled in contact to act as a unit shall be limited to four in any
one bundled.
d,) Individual bars within a bundle terminated within the span of flexural members shall terminate
at different points with at least 40db staggered

29. A structural member spanning from truss or supporting rafters:


a.) Floor Joist b.) Purl in c.) Girt d.)Girder

30. A horizontal piece of wood, stone, steel, or concrete across the top of door or window opening to
bear the weight of the walls above the opening
a.)Lintel b.) Transom beam c.) Transverse rafter d.)None of these

31.A wall that holds back on earth embankment


a.) Shoring wall c.) Buttress wall
b.) Retaining wall d.) Foundation wall

32. Using the data given below, determine the ultimate moment capacity of the given beam as a
singly reinforced elements.(See Figure 1)
Given: fc* = 21 MPa
fv = 275 MPa clear concrete cover =40 mm
a.) 167.60 kn-m b.) 147.9 kn-m c.) 187.4 kn –m d.) 227.9 kn-m

33. The process of removing concrete forms from the cured concrete.
a.) Stripping b.) Clearing
c.) Deforming works d.) None of these

34. The ultimate strength of the material divided by the allowable working load.
a.) Maximum strength c.) Safety factor
b.) Strength limit d.) None of these

35. A kind of roof that has four sloping sides


a.) Gable roof b.) Mansard roof c.) Hip roof d.) Lean

36. Stone placed on a slope to prevent erosion.


a.) rip-rap c.) embankment
b.) flag stoone d.) border stone

37. A standard hook may consist of a 180 deg.bend plus a 4 d b extension (at the free end)not less than
a.) 55 mm b.) 60 mm c.) 75 mm d.)85 mm
38. A standard 90 degree hook consist of a bend plus an extension of
a.) 8 db b.) 10 db c.) 12 d b d.) 16 db

39. Concrete slab should have a minimum clearance


of a.) 20 mm b.) 40 mm c.) 15 mm d.) 30 mm

40. An expansion joint adjacent parts of a structure to permit expected movements between them is
called:
a.) Contraction joint c.)Construction joint
b.)Truss joint d.) Conduction joint

41. To find the volume of water in a cylinder tank, multiply the area of its base by its
a.) Diameter c.) Height
b.) Radius d.) none of these

42. It refers to occupancy load which is either partially or fully in place or may not be present at all
is called:
a.) Live load
b.) Dead load
c.) Concentrated load
d.) Distributed load

43. What is the method of analyzing indeterminate modular building frames by assuming hinges at the
center of the beam spans and column height?

a.)Cantilever method b.) Moment distribution method c.) Free


body diagram method d.)Portal method

44. The deformation of a structural member as a result of loads acting is called:


a.) Strength b.) Strain
c.) Stress d.) Deflection

45. The major horizontal supporting member of the floor system is called:
a.) Rafter b.)Girder c.) Purl in d.) Girt

46. How is camber treated in a steel truss 25 meters longer?


a.) Camber shall be approximately equal to 1% of the span
b.) Camber shall be approximately equal to the dead load deflection
c.) Camber shall be approximately equal to 0.8 % of the span plus 1/3 the dead load deflection
d.) Camber shall be approximately equal to 0.5 % of the span plus 1/2 the live load deflection

47. What is the design analysis requirement, considered as a basis for the structural design of buildings
and structure, where the total lateral forces are distribute to various vertical elements of the lateral force-
resisting system in proportion to their rigidities considering the rigidity of the horizontal bracing system or
diaphragm?
a.) Shear and moment diagram c.)Stability against overturning
b.) Distribution of horizontal shear d.) horizontal torsional moments

48. Bundled bars shall be enclosed within stirrups or this but bars larger than the size below shall not be
bundled in beams
a.) 40 mm b.) 36 mm c.) 32 mm d.) 28 mm

49. Splices in spiral reinforcement shall be lap splices of 48d b but not less than
a.) 300 mm b.)400 mm c.) 500 mm d.) 600 mm
50. Again, for joist construction, the clear spacing between ribs shall not exceed
a.) 250mm b.) 50mm
c.)750mm d.)1000mm

51. The force adhesion per unit area of contact between two bonded surfaces is
a.) Axial stress c.) allowable stress b.) Bond stress d.) flexural
stress

52. A kind of roof that has four sloping sides


a.) Gable roof b.) Mansard roof c.) hip roof d.)Lean
53. The stress per unit area of the original cross section of a material which resists its elongation is
a.) allowable stress c.)Flexural stress b.) Tensile stress
d.)Bending stress

54. A beam that projects beyond one or both its supports is called:
a.) Overhanging beam
b.) Continuous beam
c.) Intermediate beam
d.) Cantilevered beam

55. A simple beam has a span of 6 m with two concentrated load of 20kN each placed at the third points
of the span. If the extreme fiber stress is 10MPa, determined the required section modulus

a.) 2000000 mm3 b.) 6000000 mm3 c.) 4000000 mm3 d.) 1000000 mm3

56. Walls that support weight from above as well as their own dead weight
a.) Load bearing wall c.) Shoring wall
b.) Curtain wall d.) None of these

57. In formula e=PL/AE,E stands for


a.)Total deformation c.) Equal forces
b.) Elongation d.) Modulus elasticity

58. A bended rust to resists shear and diagonal stresses in a concrete beam is called:
a.) Bottom bar c.) Metal plate b.) Stirrups d.)
Temperature bar

59. Ratio of unit strain is:


a,) Ration and proportion b.) Moment of inertia
c.) Modulus of elasticity d.)Slenderness Ratio

60. The stress per square unit area of the original cross section of a material which resists its elongation
is
a.) allowable stress c.) Flexural stress
b.) Tensile stress d.) Bending stress

61. A beam that project beyond one or both its support is


called: a.) Overhanging beam
b.) Continous beam
c.) Intermidiate beam
d.) Cantievered beam

62. A simple beam ha a spam of 6 m with two concentrated loads of 20 kN,each placed at the third
points of the span.If extreme fiber stress is 10MPa,determine the required section modulus.
a.) 2000000 mm3 b.)6000000 mm 3 c.) 4000000 mm3 d.)1000000 mm3
63.Walls that support weight from above as well as their own dead weight
a.) Load bearing walls c.) Shoring walls b.) Curtain wall d.)
None of these
64. Any material change in shape when subjected to the action of a force is called:
a.) Reflection b.) Deflection c.) Deformation d.) Acceleration

65. Which is not among the following arrangement, a seismic requirement for transverse reinforcement?
a.)Maximum spacing of hoops shall not exceed 24 times the diameter of the hoop bars
b.) Maximum spacing of hoops shall not be eight times the diameter of the smallest longitudinal bars
c.)Maximum spacing of hoops shall not be more than d/4
d.)The first hoop shall be located not more than 75 mm from the face of the supporting member

66. How is 90-degree bend standard hook for concrete reinforcement constructed?
a.) 90 degree bend plus 10 db extension, at free end of the bar
b.) 90 degree bend plus 12 db extension, at free end of the bar c.)
90 degree bend plus 6 db extension, at free end of the bar d.) 90
degree bend plus 4 db extension, at free end of the bar

67.As tie reinforcement for compressions, all non pre stressed bar shall be enclosed by lateral ties, at least
10 mm in size for longitudinal bars
a.) 12 mm b.) 15 mm
c.)20 mm d.) 22 mm

68. As a seismic requirement for flexural members where hoops are required. How are the remaining
portions of a beam treated with transverse reinforcement other than those required with hoops?
a.) Where hoops are not required, stirrups shall be spaced at no more than d/2 throughout the length of
the member
b.) Where hoops are not required, crossties shall be spaced at no more than d/3 throughout the length of
the member.
c.)Where hoops are not required, hoops shall continue except that spacing shall not be more than d/2
d.) Where hoops are not required, closed stirrups shall be spaced at no more than d/4 throughout the
length of the member
69. What is a concrete beam placed directly on the ground to provide foundation for the superstructure?

a.) Strap beam b.) Gerber beam c.) Grade beam d.) Tie
beam

70. A type of concrete floor which has no beam is called:


a.) Flat slab b.) 2-way slab c.) one-way slab d.) Ribbed floor

71.If the depth of a web exceeds 900 mm longitudinal skin reinforcement shall be uniformly distributed
along both sides faces of the members for the distance d/2 nearest the flexural tension reinforcement. The
total area of the longitudinal skin reinforcement in both faces need not exceed _________of the
required flexural tension reinforcement
a.) one-fourth b.) one-third c.) one-half d.) two-thirds

72. For normal weight of concrete, the modulus of elasticity of concrete Ec may be taken as
a.)1700 f'c b.)2700 f'c c.) 3700 fc d.) 4700 f'c

73. One-way concrete slab are used when:


a.) The slab is being supported by two parallel
beams b.) The slab has no cantilevered portion
c.) The concrete slab is sloping to the all side
d.) The concrete slab is sloping on the near bottom side
74. The tendency for one part of a beam to move vertically with respect to an advancement part is called:
a.) Shear b.)Moment c.)Force d.) Strength

75. The standard hooks for the stirrups and ties shall mean
a.) a 90 degree bend plus 6 db extension at the free end of a bar,for 16mm bar and
smaller b.)a 90 degree bend plus 12 db extension at th free end of a bar,for 20mm and
25mm bar c.)a 135 degree bend plus 6 d b extension at the free end of a bar plus 25mm
and smaller d.) none of the above

76. Inside diameter of a bend for stirrups and ties for 16mm bar and smaller shall not be less than
a.) 4 db b.) 6 db c.) 8 db d.) 10db

77. A composite member with laterally tied concrete around a steel core (of design yield strength not to
exceed 350 MPa) shall have vertical spacing of lateral ties shall not exceed
a.) 16 longitudinal bar diameter or 48 tie diameter
b.) 1/2 times the least side diameter of the composite
member c.) any of the above
d.) none of the above
78. In column ,the ratio of its effective length to its least radius of gyration is called:

a.)Moment of inertia b.) Development leght c.) Slenderness ratio


d.) Ratio and proportion

79. A joint where two successive placement of concrete meet is called:


a.) Truss joint c.) Construction joint
b.) Contraction joint d.) Expansion joint

80. A quantity which measure the resistance of the mass to being revolved about line is called:
a.) Tension b.) Torsion c.)Variation d.) Deflection

81. It means that by which a body develops internal resistance to stress:


a.) strain b.) strength c.) slenderness d.) stress
82. For offset bent longitudinal bars, the horizontal support at offset bend shall be provided by lateral ties,
spiral or parts of the floor constructions. Horizontal support provided shall be design ed to resist 1-1/2
times the horizontal component of the computed force in the inclined portion of on offset bar. Lateral ties
or spiral shall be placed not more than____________ from points of bend.
a.)100mm b.) 150mm c.) 200mm d.) 250mm

83. The minimum thickness of non-prestressed beams of span L whose supports are simply supported is
a.) L/16 b.) L/18.50 c.) L/21 d.) L/8

84. The greatest stress which a material is capable of developing without a permanent deformation
remaining upon the complete release of stress is called

a.) Allowable stress c.) Bending stress b.) moment of inertia


d.) Proportional limit

85. The failure in a base when a heavily loaded column strikes a hole through is
called: a.)Flexural stress
b.) Punching moment
c.) Punching shear
d.) Single shears
Structural Exit Exam 23 June 2018

CO1. Determine the values of reactions at the supports, a. 0 b. 1


values of shearing, force and bending moments of c. M/2 d. None of the above
statically determinate beams;
CO3. Draw the shear and moment diagram
1. Compute the shear modulus of a steel if E=200,000Mpa and the
Poisson’s ratio is 0.50. 11. The normal force exerted by a smooth horizontal surface towards
a. 71428.57 MPa b. 67870.04 MPa a 100-lb block acting on it is
c. 76923.07 MPa d. 68670.06 MPa a. 100 lbs b. zero c. 50 lbs d. 200 lbs

2. What states the “the moment of the resultant of 2 concurrent 12. What is the maximum moment of the beam shown? Ignore the
forces about any axis ┴ to the plane of forces is equal to the weight of the beam.
algebraic sum of the moments of the 2 forces about the same axis”?
a. Hooke’s Law b. Pythagorean theorem 2.6 kN/m
c. Varignon’s Theorem d. Betti’s Law

3. Among the following axioms of mechanics, which of the following


is INCORRECT? 12 m. 3 m.
a. The parallelogram law: The resultant of two forces is the
diagonal of the parallelogram formed on the vectors of a. 37.44 kN-m.b. 67.39 kN-m.
these forces. c. 84.2 kN-m. d. 137.76 kN-m.
b. Two forces are in equilibrium only when equal in
magnitude, opposite in direction, and collinear in action. For No. 13 – 15: Using the figure below determine the following
c. A set of forces in equilibrium may be added to any system
of forces thus changing the effect of the original system. 12 kN/m
d. Action and reaction forces are equal but oppositely
directed.

4. Snow loads, wind, pressure suction and earthquake loads and the
like are what type of loads? 8m
a. Dead Loads b. Live Loads 13.
c. Seismic Loads d. Environmental Loads Determine the reaction (RA) at point A.
a. -48 kN b. 48 kN c. -96 kN
5. These are referred to permanent loads or unmovable loads. d. 96 kN
a. Dead Loads b. Live Loads
c. Seismic Loads d. Environmental Loads 14. Determine the maximum moment of the beam.
a. -40 kN-m b. 40 kN-m
6. Calculate the moment of inertia of a rectangular section with a c. -96 kN-m d. 96 kN-m
base of 40 mm and height of 60 mm.
a. 160,000 mm4 b. 320,000 mm4 15. Determine the shear diagram of the beam.
c. 416,667 mm4 d. 720,000 mm4

7. A simple beam supports a 30 kN/m uniform load occupying the


whole span of m. The maximum moment developed is
a. 120 kN-m b. 135 kN-m
c. 270 kN-m d. 540 kN-m

8. A continuous beam simply supported over an 8 meter span carries


a linearly increasing distributed load of 50 kN/m starting from the left
most portion until the center of the span. Determine the support at
left most portion.
a. 33.33 kN b. 66.67 kN
c. 90.33 kN d. 133.33 kN

CO2. Determine the of values of reactions at the supports, a. A. b. C.


c. B. d. D.
values of shearing force and bending moments of
statically indeterminate beams (continuous beams O4. Design and investigate simple timber and steel structures
and restrained beams) using the Three-Moment
Equation and the Moment Distribution Methods 16. It is a type of truss having both vertical and diagonal members
between the upper and lower chords, with the diagonals sloping
9. A type of beam with fixed support and a roller support at the other toward the center.
end. a. Fink truss b. pratt truss
a. simple beam b. restrained beam c. arch truss d. warren truss
c. cantilever beam d. propped beam
17. An elevator cable will have its greatest tension when the elevator
10.. What is the distribution factor (DF) for a fixed support at the end car is moving
of a beam?
Structural Exit Exam 23 June 2018
a. downward but coming to rest ___26. It is the ability of a material like steel to undergo large
b. upward at a constant speed inelastic deformation without failure.
c. upward but coming to rest a. malleability b. tenacity
d. downward at a constant speed c. hardness d. ductility

18. In structural steel design, structures carrying live load which ___27. In the strength design method (NSCP 2001), the ultimate load
induce impact, the assumed live load shall be increased sufficiently is computed as:
to provide for it. If not otherwise specified, the increase for supports a. 1.4LL+1.7DL b. 1.4DLx1.7LL
of elevators shall be: c. 1.7LL+1.4DL d. 1.2DLx1.7LL
a. 50% b. 100% c. 150% d. 200 %
____28. The minimum reinforcement ratio provided by the code is
19. The maximum size of fillet weld that may be used along edges of taken ___ / fy.
materials less than 6mm thick: a. 1.0 b. 1.2
a. Not greater than thickness of material
c. 1.4 d. 1.6
b. Not greater than thickness of material less 1.6mm
c. 8mm
d. 6mm ____29. maximum usable strain extreme concrete compression fiber
shall be assumed to be equal to
20. The maximum size of fillet weld that may be used along edges of a. 0.001 b. 0.002
materials 6mm or more in thickness: c. 0.003 d. 0.004
a. Not greater than thickness of material
b. Not greater than thickness of material less 1.6mm ____30. Which of the following values can be used as a concrete
c. 8mm cover for the primary reinforcement of cast-in-place concrete (non-
prestressed) beams as per NSCP?
d. 6mm
a. 20mm b. 75mm
21. The allowable stresses for tension in structural steel in terms of b. c. 40mm d. 60mm
gross area is:
a. 0.60Fu b. 0.40Fy c. 0.60Fy
d. 0.50Fu ___31. Under the AISC Method of evaluating the maximum safe
load of a steel column, the column constant is
22. The allowable stresses for tension in structural steel in terms of
effective net area is: a. 2π2E b. π2E c. 5π2E d. 3π2E
a. 0.60Fu b. 0.40Fy c. 0.60Fy √ Fy √ Fy √ Fy √ Fy
d. 0.50Fu
___32. The critical slenderness ratio is the upper limit of elastic
23. True/ False : Wood is stronger when load is ┴ to the grains. buckling failure, where its average column stress is equal to ___.
b. False c. Maybe d. Not Sure a. 0.5Fy b. 1.0Fy c. 0.75Fy
d. 2.0Fy
24. What is the distance from the extreme fiber in compression to the
centroid of the tension steel area? ___33. The allowable stress for compression members whose
a. Tension depth b. extreme distance largest effective slenderness ratio of any unbraced segment is less
c. Effective depth d. centroid distance than the square root of [22E / Fy] as per AISC Standards is___.
a. {1 – [(kL/r)2 / 2Cc2]} * Fy/FS
25. The shear strength of a steel I-beam is dependent on the b. 122E / [23*(kL/r)2]
a. thickness of flange b. width of flange c. . 2E Fy / [1.6 – (L/200r)
c. thickness of web d.. area of web
d. d. 5/3 + 3(kL/r) / 8Cc – (kL/r)3 / 8Cc3
CO5. Incorporate relevant provisions of the National
Building/Structural Code upon the results of such design and ___34. The allowable tensile stress of structural steel based on
investigations. effective net area is taken ___% of specified ultimate tensile stress.
a. 50 b. 60
26. Based on the AISC, what is the maximum slenderness ratio kL/r c. 75 d. 85
for tension members?
a. 100 b. 200 c. 250 d. 300 As per Section 5.3.3 of NSCP, the nominal maximum sizes of
coarse aggregate should be greater than
27. The slenderness ratio of compression members shall not exceed:
a. 100 b. 200 c. 250 d. 300 35.____ the narrowest dimension between sides of forms,
a. 1/3 b. 1/4
28. Riveted and bolted splice and gusset plates and other connection b. c. ¾ d. 1/5
fittings subject to tensile force shall be design in accordance with
AISC requirements where the effective net area shall be taken as the 36____ the depth of slabs, or
actual net area except that, for the purpose of design calculations, it a. 1/3 b. 1/4
shall not be taken as greater than __. b. c. ¾ d. 1/5
a. 85% of gross area b. 90% of gross area
c. 70% of gross area d. 75% of gross area 37.____ the minimum clear spacing between individual
reinforcing bars.
a. 1/3 b. 1/4
b. c. ¾ d. 1/5
Structural Exit Exam 23 June 2018
___38 The minimum outside diameter of pipe piles when used must For No. 49 – 55: Using Ultimate strength design, determine the
be? (NSCP 307.6.3) unknown of the following, shown below is the cross-section of the
a. 250MM c. 350MM beam, having both an unfactored live load of 100kN and dead load of
200kN.
b. 300MM d. 400MM
Given:
___39. The minimum nominal diameter of steel bolts when wood db = 12 mm
475mm fc’ = 28 MPa
plates or sill shall be bolted to foundation wall in zone 4 seismic area
Fy = 475 MPa
in the Philippines. (NSCP 305.60) Es = 200 GPa
a. 16MM c. 12MM 75mm
b. 14MM d.10MM
300mm

____40. Before commencing the excavation work, the person


making the excavation shall notify in writing the owner of the 49. Determine the maximum allowable moment (Mn)
a. 400.00 kN-m c. 488.889 kN-m
adjoining building not less than _____days before such excavation is
b. 444.444 kN-m d. 734.800 kN-m
to be made. (NSCP 302.2.4)
a. 10days c. 30 days 50. Determine the minimum steel-concrete ratio (ρmin)
b. 20days d. 40days a. 0.0016 b. 0.0033
c. 0.0020 d. 0.0035
____41. As per IS: 456-2000, the maximum size of aggregate is
a. 1/4 of maximum thickness of member 51. Determine the actual steel-concrete ratio (ρact)
b. 1/4 of minimum thickness of member a. 0.011 b. 0.028
c. 1/5 of maximum thickness of member c. 0.016 d. 0.033
d. 1/5 of minimum thickness of member
52. Determine the max. steel-concrete ratio (ρmax)
_____ 42. As per IS: 456-2000, modulus of elasticity of concrete (in a. 0.0131 b. 0.0183
N/mm2) is given by c. 0.0227 d. 0.0316
a. 5700 vfCK b. 5000 vfCK
c. 3700 vfCK d. 3000 vfCK 53. Which of the following assumptions holds true?
a. Concrete would yield first
_____ 43. As per IS:1139, the characteristic yield strength for cold b. Steel would yield first
twisted deformed bars is c. Concrete and steel would both yield
a. 250 N/mm2 b. 415 N/mm2 d. None of the above
c. 500 N/mm2 d. 550 N/mm2
54. Determine the area of the steel reinforcement (AT)
_____ 44. The development length of bars in compression is taken a. 470.25 mm2 b. 2607.75 mm2
as c. 2280.0 mm2 d. 3990.00 mm2
a. 30 times bar diameter
b. 40 times bar diameter [ 55. Determine the number of the tension reinforcement (n)
c. 50 times bar diameter a. 5 b. 24
d. 12 times bar diameter c. 21 d. 35

_____45. Minimum number of bars for a circular column 56. Which of the following is NOT a property of hardened hydraulic
a. Four b. Five c. Six d. Eight cement concrete?
a. economy
CO6. Design/Investigate simple reinforced concrete structures b. durability
c. density
46. What is the max Vs (shear carried by the stirrups)? d. workability
1 2 2
a. f ' c b. f 'c c. f 'c d. f 'c 57. The process of hardening of concrete in the presence of water is
3 5 3
called
a. Creep
47. The maximum useable strain at the extreme concrete
b. Hydration
compression fiber shall
c. Shrinkage
be assumed to be equal to ____
d. Curing
a. 0.003 b. 0.002 c. 0.001 d. 0.004
58. The continuous strain, which the concrete undergoes due to
48. What will happen to the concrete strength if the water-to-cement
ratio decreases? application of external loads is called
a. Creep
a. Concrete strength increases, porosity decreases, solid-to-
b. Bleeding
space ratio increases
c. Workability
b. Concrete strength increases, porosity decreases, solid-to-
d. Segregation
space ratio decreases
c. Concrete strength decreases, porosity increases, solid-to-
59. Slump test of concrete is a measure of its
space ratio increases
a. Consistency
d. Concrete strength decreases, porosity increases, solid-to-
space ratio decreases b. Compressive strength
c. Tensile strength
d. Impact value Answer : A
Structural Exit Exam 23 June 2018

60. Specific weight of Reinforced cement concrete is


a. 24 N/m3 b. 24 kN/m3
c. 25 N/m3 d. 25 kN/m3
AR – BOARD EXAM REVIEW - STRUCTURAL
Timber Design
by: Engr. Ivan Marquez, MSCE
Name: __________________________________ Date: ___________ Score: ______
DIRECTION: Choose the correct answer from the given choices. Write the letter of the correct
answer in the space provided before each number. GOOD LUCK!

A timber has a circular cross section having a diameter of 250 mm. It has a simple span of 4 m. NSCP
specs. states that in a circular beam the strength is equal to the strength of square section having the same
area.
Allowable stresses of wood are as follows:
Shearing stress parallel to the grain, fv = 1.73 MPa
Bending stress , fb = 16.5 MPa
1
Allowable deflection= of span
240
Modulus of elasticity of wood= 7.31 GPa

w kN/m
250 mm.

4 m.

__________1. Calculate the maximum uniform load so that the allowable shear stress parallel to the grain
is not exceeded?
a. 35.26 KN/m b. 28.31 KN/m c. 46.21 KN/m d. 52.36 KN/m

__________2. Calculate the maximum uniform load so that the allowable bending stress is not exceeded?
a. 24.95 KN/m b. 44.95 KN/m c. 14.95 KN/m d. 34.95 KN/m

__________3. Calculate the maximum uniform load so that the allowable deflection is not exceeded?
a. 7.34 KN/m b. 8.32 KN/m c. 5.95 KN/m d. 10.29 KN/m

The T-section shown is formed by joining two rectangular pieces of wood together. The beam is subjected to
a maximum shearing force of 60 kN.
200
20
40
90

100

20

__________4. Calculate the moment of inertia about the neutral axis in mm4?
a. 20.573 x 106 b. 30.573 x 106 c. 40.573 x 106 d. 10.573 x 106

__________5. Calculate the shearing stress at the neutral axis?


a. 2.28 MPa b. 3.28 MPa c. 4.28 MPa d. 5.28 MPa

__________6. Calculate the shearing stress at the junction between two pieces of wood?
a. 54.26 MPa b. 25.19 MPa c. 31.78 MPa d. 23.58 MPa
AR – BOARD EXAM REVIEW - STRUCTURAL
Timber Design
by: Engr. Ivan Marquez, MSCE
Name: __________________________________ Date: ___________ Score: ______
DIRECTION: Choose the correct answer from the given choices. Write the letter of the correct
answer in the space provided before each number. GOOD LUCK!

A rectangular wooden beam has a span of 6 m. and carries a total uniform load of 25 kN/m including its
own weight. The beam is made up of 80% stress grade Apitong with allowable stresses shown below.

Allowable Stress for Apitong 80% Stress Grade:


Allowable bending = 16.5 MPa
Compression parallel to grain = 9.56 MPa
Compression perpendicular to grain = 2.20 MPa
Shear parallel to grain = 1.73 MPa
Modulus of elasticity = 7310 MPa
L
Allowable defection =
240
__________7. Which of the following gives the smallest dimension of beam that will not exceed the
allowable bending stress?
a. 220 x 440mm b. 220 x 550mm c. 220 x 660mm d. 220 x 770mm

__________8. Which of the following gives the smallest dimension of the beam that will not exceed the
allowable shearing stress?
a. 150 x 300mm b. 200 x 400mm c. 200 x 500mm d. 250 x 500mm

__________9. Which of the following gives the smallest dimension of the beam that will not exceed the
allowable deflection?
a. 300 x 500mm b. 220 x 440mm c. 250 x 500mm d. 300 x 500mm

__________10. A timber column of height 5m has a square cross section of side 200mm. It is supporting a
load of 320KN. At midheight, a recess is cut in one face of the column to receive a girt. The cut is 250mm
vertical and 50mm deep. Calculate the strain energy in Newton-meter if E=13600MPa.
a. 523.19 b. 924.16 c. 384.16 d. 478.431

__________11. Determine the most economical commercial size of a Yakal beam which can replace a
100mm x 200mm Apitong beam. The allowable bending stress for Apitong and Yakal are 13.8MPa and
19.3MPa, respectively. Assume lateral stability is not a problem.
a. 50 x 200mm b. 75 x 200mm c. 50 x 250mm d. 75 x 250mm

__________12. A cantilever wooden beam 60mm wide by 200mm high and 6m long carries a load that
varies uniformly from zero at the free end to 1000N/m at the wall. Compute the flexural stress in a fiber
40mm from the top of the beam at a section 3m from the free end.
a. 1.125 MPa b. 2.265 MPa c. 5.219 MPa d. 6.298 MPa

__________13. A 2"x4"x1' lumber is:


a. 2/3 bd.ft. b. 1 bd.ft. c. 1.5 bd.ft. d. 2 bd.ft

__________14. What do you call the type of cut that is parallel to the axis of the tree and radially across
the annual rings?
a. flat sawing b. quarter sawing c. direct sawing d. cross sawing

__________15. What type of defect in lumber is described as the longitudinal cracks following the growth
rings? This develops prior to cutting the lumber and sometimes caused by heavy winds.
a. knots b. cut c. rot d. shake

__________16. True/ False : Wood is stronger when load is ┴ to the grains.


a. True b. False c. Maybe d. Not Sure
1. In T-beam construction, the flange and web being 7. Two forces equal in magnitude and oppositely
built integrally, the width of the slab effective as T- directed is called
beam flange shall not exceed one quarter of the a.) moment
span length of the beam and the effective b.) couple
overhanging flange width on each side of the web c.) reaction
shall not exceed: d.) equilibrant
a.) eight times the slab thickness
b.) one-half the clear distance to the next web 8. A force system to be in static equilibrium, the
c.) smaller of the above algebraic sum of the forces along any direction
d.) 500 mm a.) minimum
b.) 100%
2. Which of the following criteria for bundled bars, c.) maximum
do not apply? d.) zero
a.) bars larger than 32mm shall not be bundled in
beams 9. What is the minimum requirement for
b.) bundled bars shall be enclosed within stirrups or development for least 1/3 of the total reinforcement
ties provided for the negative moment reinforcement as
c.) group of parallel reinforcing bars bundled in an embedment length beyond the point of
contact to act as a unit shall be limited to four in any inflection?
one bundle a.) Not less than the effective depth of member of
d.) Individual bars within a bundle terminated within 12db or 1/16" the clear span, whichever is greater
the span of flexural members shall terminate at b.) L/3 + D or 24 db or 1/12" the clear span,
different points with at least 40db staggered whichever is greater
c.) Not less than 1.5 d or 14 db or 1/12" the clear
3. A wall that holds back on earth embankment span whichever is greater
a.) shoring wall d.) L/4 2D or 12 db or 1/12" the clear span,
b.) retaining wall whichever is greater
c.) buttress wall
d.) foundation wall 10. What is a round, steel bolt embedded in
concrete or masonry use to hold down machinery,
4. The process of removing concrete forms from the steel columns or beams, castings, shoes, beam
cured concrete plates and engine heads?
a.) stripping a.) retaining bolts
b.) deforming works b.) foundation bolts
c.) clearing c.) anchor bolts
d.) none of these d.) friction bolts

5. Maximum usable strain at extreme concrete 11. The ultimate strength of the material divided by
compression fiber shall assumed to be equal to the allowable working load
a.) 0.001 a.) maximum strength
b.) 0.002 b.) strength limit
c.) 0.003 c.) safety factor
d.) 0.004 d.) none of these

6. To find the volume of water in a cylinder tank, 12. The stress per square unit area of the original
multiply the area of its base by its cross section of a material which resists its
a.) diameter elongation is
b.) radius a.) allowable stress
c.) height b.) tensile stress
d.) none of these c.) flexural stress
d.) bending stress
13. What is the minimum concrete cover for primary 19. Ratio of unit stress to unit strain is:
reinforcement of beams or columns not exposed to a.) ratio and proportion
earth or water for precast manufactured under plant b.) modulus of elasticity
control conditions? c.) moment of inertia
a.) db but not less than 25mm d.) slenderness ratio
b.) db but not less than 15mm and need not exceed
40mm 20. Aggregates should conform to PNS or ASTM
c.) db but not less than 20mm and not to exceed standards and must be well graded, easy workability
50mm and method of consolidated are such that thee
d.) db but not less than 30mm concrete can be poured without honeycomb or
voids. What is the nominal maximum size of a course
14. What is a sheet element such as wire, cable, bar, aggregate when working spaces between
rod or strand, or a bundle of such elements _______ reinforcements for proper bonding?
pre-stress forces to concrete? a.) Course aggregates shall be no larger than ½ the
a.) prestress cables minimum clear spacing between individual
b.) reinforcement reinforcing bars or wires, bundles of bars, or
c.) tenon cables prestressing tendons or ducts
d.) tendon b.) Course aggregates shall be no larger than 5/8 the
minimum clear spacing between individual
15. It is a circular beam that transmit power to the reinforcing bars or wires, bundles of bars, or
machinery prestressing tendons or ducts
a.) shaft c.) Course aggregates shall be no larger than 7/8 the
b.) spandrel minimum clear spacing between individual
c.) rafter reinforcing bars or wires, bundles of bars, or
d.) lintel prestressing tendons or ducts
d.) Course aggregates shall be no larger than 3/4 the
16. It is the arrangement of any two or more forces minimum clear spacing between individual
that act on a body or on a group of related bodies. reinforcing bars or wires, bundles of bars, or
a.) force system prestressing tendons or ducts
b.) transmissibility
c.) reluctant 22. A brochure of a steel bar manufactures claims
d.) equilibrium the following specs: yield strength = 275 Mpa,
tensile strength = 450 Mpa. A sample 32mm x 1000
17. The standard hooks for the stirrups and ties shall mm long steel bar was out for sampling with the
mean following test results: yield stress = 28.54 kg/sq mm,
a.) a 90-degree bend plus 6 db extension at the free ultimate stress = 50.55 kg/sq. mm. Judge the actual
end of bar, for 16mm bar and smaller test result against what is claimed in the brochure
b.) a 90-degree bend plus 12 db extension at the free and if the test results meet minimum PS standards.
of end bar, for 20mm and 25mm bar a.) The test results surpasses the claims on the
c.) a 135-degree bend plus 6db extension at the free brochure and surpasses PS Standards
end of bar, for 25mm and smaller b.) The test results is below the claims in the
d.) all of the above brochure but surpasses PS Standards
c.) The test results are equal to the claims on the
18. Inside diameter of bend for stirrups and ties for brochure
16mm bar and smaller shall not be less than d.) The test results is below the claims in the
a.) 4 db brochure and below the PS Standard
b.) 6 db
c.) 8 db
d.) 10 db
23. How is 90-degree bend standard hook for 30. A joint where two successive placement of
concrete reinforcement constructed? concrete meet is called
a.) 90 degree bend plus 10 db extension at free end a.) truss joint
of the bar b.) contraction joint
b.) 90 degree bend plus 12 db extension at free end c.) construction joint
of the bar d.) expansion joint
c.) 90 degree bend plus 6 db extension at free end of
the bar 31. Depth of footing above bottom reinforcement
d.) 90 degree bend plus 4 db extension at free end of shall not be less than 150mm for footing on soil, nor
the bar less than ____ for footing on piles
a.) 200mm
24. The steel materials are to be butt joined using a b.) 300mm
fillet weld. The thicker material is 8.5mm. What is c.) 250mm
the minimum size of the fillet weld? d.) 400mm
a.) 3.0mm
b.) 7.5mm 32. Loads that change position within the span of a
c.) 6.0mm beam in short amount of time. These loads are often
d.) 5.0mm exemplified by wheel loads.
a.) varying loads
25. In formula e=PL/AE, E stands for: b.) snow loads
a.) total deformation c.) dead loads
b.) elongation d.) moving loads
c.) equal forces
d.) modulus of elasticity 33. A bended rust to resist shear and diagonal
stresses in a concrete beam is called
26. Slab thickness for joist construction shall not be a.) bottom bar
less than one-twelfth the clear distance between ribs b.) metal plate
not less than c.) stirrups
a.) 50mm d.) temperature bar
b.) 75mm
c.) 100mm 34. Walls that support weight from above as well as
d.) 125mm their own dead weight
a.) load bearing walls
27. It is designed to resist lateral forces parallel to b.) shoring walls
the plane of the wall c.) curtain walls
a.) bearing wall d.) none of these
b.) curtain wall
c.) grade wall 35. Which statement is false?
d.) shear wall a.) development length of main reinforcements is
always a function of reinforcement diameter
28. The section at which the moment changes from b.) transverse reinforcements provide additional
positive to negative is called: flexural support
a.) neutral axis c.) spiral hoops have stronger confining effect than
b.) inflection point ties
c.) point of zero shear d.) none of these
d.) maximum moment
36. A point in each normal section of a member
29. In column, the ratio of its effective length to its through which the axis passes and about which the
least radius of gyration is called section twists
a.) moment of inertia a.) centroid
b.) development length b.) shear center
c.) slenderness ratio c.) center of gravity
d.) ratio and proportion d.) none of the above
37. A quantity which measure the resistance of the 44. A standard 90 degree hook consists of a bend
mass to being revolved about line is called plus an extension of
a.) tension a.) 8db
b.) torsion b.) 10db
c.) variation c.) 12db
d.) deflection d.) 16db

38. A structural member spanning from truss-to- 45. For offset bent longitudinal bars, the horizontal
truss or supporting rafters support at offset bends shall be provided by lateral
a.) floor joist ties, spiral or parts of the floor construction.
b.) purlin Horizontal support provided shall be designed to
c.) girt resist 1-1/2 times the horizontal component of the
d.) girder computed force in the inclined portion of on offset
bar. Lateral ties or spiral shall be placed not more
39. It is a twisting force that rotates or tends to than ______ from points of bend
rotate a shaft a.) 100mm
a.) dead load b.) 150mm
b.) elasticity c.) 200mm
c.) stress d.) 250mm
d.) torque
46. The greatest stress which a material is capable of
40. It is synonym to bending stress developing without a permanent deformation
a.) flexural stress remaining upon the complete release of stress is
b.) torsional stress called
c.) tangential stress a.) allowable stress
d.) normal stress b.) moment of inertia
c.) bending stress
41. A standard hook may consist of a 180 deg. bend d.) proportional limit
plus a 4db extension (at free end) not less than
a.) 55mm 47. The failure in a base when a heavily loaded
b.) 60mm column strikes a hole through is called
c.) 75mm a.) flexural stress
d.) 85mm b.) punching moment
c.) punching shear
42. The major horizontal supporting member of the d.) single shear
floor system is called
a.) rafter 48. Bundled bars shall be enclosed within supports
b.) purlin or ties but bars larger than the size below shall not
c.) girder be bundled in beams
d.) girt a.) 40mm
b.) 36mm
43. A wall which support a vertical loads in addition c.) 32mm
to its weight without the benefit of a complete d.) 28mm
vertical load carrying space frame is called
a.) retaining wall 49. Splices in spiral reinforcement shall be lap splices
b.) curtain wall of 48db but not less than
c.) shearing wall a.) 300mm
d.) bearing wall b.) 400mm
c.) 500mm
d.) 600mm
50. Stone placed on a slope to prevent erosion c.) stability against overturning
a.) riprap d.) horizontal torsional moments
b.) flag stone
c.) embankment 57. The actual stress in a material under a given
d.) border stone loading
a.) working stress
51. In any one bundle, groups of parallel reinforcing b.) axial stress
bars bundled in contract to act as a unit shall be c.) bending stress
limited to a maximum of d.) allowable stress
a.) three
b.) four 58. Where parallel reinforcement is placed in two or
c.) five more layers, bars in the upper layers shall be placed
d.) six directly above bars in the bottom layer with clear
distance between layers not less than
52. It is a single force, or a force and a couple which a.) 20mm
acting alone will produce the same effect as the b.) 25mm
force system c.) 30mm
a.) force d.) 40mm
b.) resultant
c.) equilibrium 59. In spirally reinforced or tied reinforcement
d.) transmissibility compression members, clear distance between
longitudinal (vertical) bars shall not be less than
53. A horizontal piece of wood, stone, steel or 40mm not
concrete across the top of door or window opening a.) 1.5db
to bear the weight of the walls above the opening b.) 2.0db
a.) lintel c.) 5.0db
b.) transom beam d.) 1.0db
c.) transvers rafter
d.) none of these 60. The minimum thickness of non-prestressed
beams of span L whose supports are simply
54. Underwater watertight chamber to allow supported
construction work to be done a.) L/16
a.) bent chamber b.) L/18.50
b.) submersible air chamber c.) L/2
c.) caisson d.) L/8
d.) none of these
61. Which of the following criterion precludes good
55. When a beam is loads, the new position of its condition practice for conduits and pipes embedded
longitudinal centroid axis is called in concrete
a.) deflected shape a.) conduits and pipes embedded is slab, wall, or
b.) parabolic curve beam shall not be larger in outside dimension than
c.) elastic curve 1/3 the overall thickness of slab, wall or beam in
d.) inelastic curve which they are embedded
b.) reinforcement with an area not less than 0.002
56. What is a design analysis requirement, times area of cross-section shall be provided normal
considered as a basis for the structural design of to piping
building and structures, where the total lateral c.) conduits and pipes, with their fittings embedded
forces are distributed to various vertical elements of within the column shall not displace more than 5%
the lateral force-resisting system in proportion to of the area of cross-section which strength is
their rigidities considering the rigidity of the calculated
horizontal bracing system or diaphragm? d.) concrete cover for pipes, conduits, and fittings
a.) shear and moment diagram hall not be less than 40mm for concrete exposed to
b.) distribution of horizontal shear each of the weather
68. Which of the following criterion is NOT
62. The most important component to determine applicable for plug and slot welds?
the strength of a concrete mix is a.) the thickness of plug/slot welds in material 16mm
a.) cement or less in thickness shall be equal to the thickness of
b.) sand the material
c.) gravel b.) the minimum center to center spacing in a
d.) lime longitudinal direction on any line shall be 2 times the
length of the slot
63. The greatest stretching stress a structural c.) the thickness of plug or slot welds in material
member can bear without cracking or breaking over 16mm in thickness shall be at least ½ times the
a.) tension limit material but not less than 16mm
b.) tensile stress d.) the width of the slot shall not be less than the
c.) elasticity limit thickness of the part containing it plus 8mm nor shall
d.) none of these it be greater than 2-1/2 times the thickness of weld

64. A beam that project beyond one or both its 69. The minimum clear spacing between parallel
support is called bars in a layer shall be db but not less than
a.) overhanging beam a.) 20mm
b.) continuous beam b.) 25mm
c.) intermediate beam c.) 40mm
d.) cantilevered beam d.) 50mm

65. How is camber treated in a steel truss 25 meters 70. A composite member with laterally tied concrete
and longer? around a steel core (of design yield strength not to
a.) camber shall be approximately equal to 1% of the exceed 350 MPa) shall have vertical spacing of
span lateral ties shall not exceed
b.) camber shall be approximately equal to the dead a.) 16 longitudinal bar diameter or 48 tie diameter
load deflection b.) ½ times the least side dimension of the
c.) camber shall be approximately equal to 0.8% of composite member
the span plus 1/3 the dead load deflection c.) any of the above
d.) camber shall be approximately equal to 0.6% of d.) none of the above
the span plus ½ the live load deflection
71. It means that by which a body develops internal
66. It refers to occupancy load which is either resistance to stress
partially or fully in place or may not be present at all a.) strain
is called b.) strength
a.) live load c.) slenderness
b.) dead load d.) stress
c.) concentrated load
d.) distributed load 72. One-way concrete slab are used when:
a.) The slab is being supported by two parallel beams
67. What is the method of analyzing indeterminate b.) The slab has no cantilevered portion
modular building frames by assuming hinges at the c.) The concrete slab is reinforced on the near
center of the beam, spans and columns height bottom side
a.) cantilever method d.) The concrete slab is sloping to the all side
b.) moment distribution method
c.) free body diagram method
d.) portal method
73. In joist construction, consisting of monolithic 78. For beam with a slab on one side only, the
combination of regularly spaced ribs and a top slab, effective overhanging flange width shall not exceed
the ribs shall not be less than 100mm in width and a.) 1/12 the span length of the beam
shall have a depth of not more than _____ times the b.) 6 times the slab thickness
minimum width of rib c.) ½ the clear distance to the next web
a.) 2 d.) any of the above
b.) 2-1/2
c.) 3 79. The tendency for one part of a beam to move
d.) 3-1/2 vertically with respect to an adjacent part is called
a.) shear
74. Again, for joist construction, the clear spacing b.) moment
between ribs shall not exceed c.) force
a.) 250mm d.) strength
b.) 750mm 80. Any material change in shape when subjected to
c.) 50mm the action of a force is called
d.) 1000mm a.) reflection
b.) deflection
75. As a seismic requirement for flexural members c.) deformation
where hoops are required. How are the remaining d.) acceleration
portions of a beam treated with transverse
reinforcement other than those required with 81. For normal weight concrete, the modulus of
hoops? elasticity of concrete Ec, may be taken as
a.) Where hoops are not required, stirrups shall be a.) 1700 √
spaced at no more than d/2 throughout the length b.) 2700 √
of the member
c.) 3700 √
b.) Where hoops are not required, stirrups shall be
spaced at no more than d/3 throughout the length d.) 4700 √
of the member
c.) Where hoops are not required, hoops shall 82. An expansion joints adjacent parts of a structure
continue except that spacing shall not be more than to permit expected movements between them is
d/2 called
d.) Where hoops are not required, closed stirrups a.) contraction joint
shall be spaced at no more than d/4 throughout the b.) truss joint
length of the member c.) construction joint
d.) conduction joint
76. What is a concrete bean placed directly on the
ground to provide foundation for the superstructure 83. The deformation of as structural member as a
a.) strap beam result of loads acting on it is called
b.) gerber beam a.) strength
c.) grade beam b.) stress
d.) tie beam c.) strain
d.) deflection
77. The point in the moment diagram at which the
curvature reverses as it changes from concave to 84. The force adhesion per unit area of contact
convex is called between two bonded surface
a.) point of deflection a.) axial stress
b.) moment of inertia b.) bond stress
c.) point of inflection c.) allowable stress
d.) magnitude d.) flexural stress
85. A kind of roof that has four sloping sides
a.) gable roof
b.) mansard roof
c.) hip roof
d.) lean roof

86. A type of concrete floor which has no beam is


called
a.) flat slab
b.) 2-way slab
c.) one-way slab
d.) ribbed floor

87. Concrete slab should have a minimum clearance


of
a.) 20mm
b.) 40mm
c.) 15mm
d.) 30mm

88. In walls and slabs other than concrete joist


construction, primary flexural reinforcement shall be
spaces not farther apart than three times the wall or
slab thickness, nor
a.) 300mm
b.) 400mm
c.) 450mm
d.) 550mm

89. If the depth of a web exceeds 900mm


longitudinal skin reinforcement shall be uniformly
distributed along both side faces of the members for
the distance d/2 nearest the flexural tension
reinforcement. The maximum spacing of the skin
reinforcement shall not exceed the lesser of the d/6
and 300mm. The total area of the longitudinal skin
reinforcement in both faces need not exceed ______
of the required flexural tension reinforcement.
a.) ¼
b.) 1/3
c.) ½
d.) 2/3

90. The connection between two structural elements


joined at their ends to form a single, longer element
a.) splice
b.) stiffness
c.) stress
d.) slender action
1. It is a structural system without complete vertical 7. The minimum bend diameter for 28mm Ø through
local carrying space frame. (NSCP 208.20) 36mm Ø bars (NSCP 407.30)
a.) Braced frame a.) 12 db
b.) Bearing wall system b.) 6 db
c.) Rigid component c.) 8 db
d.) Concentric braced frame d.) 10 db

2. Is a component including its attachments having 8. The minimum clear spacing between parallel bars
fundamental period less than or equal to 0.06 sec. in a layer must be db but not less than? (NSCP
(NSCP 208.20) 407.7.3)
a.) Braced frame a.) 50mm
b.) Bearing wall system b.) 25mm
c.) Rigid component c.) 75mm
d.) Flexible component d.) 100mm

3. Is a component including its attachments having 9. In spirally reinforced or tied reinforced


fundamental period greater than 0.60 sec. (NSCP compression members, clear distance between
208.20) longitudinal bars shall not be less than? (NSCP
a.) Braced frame 407.7.3)
b.) Bearing wall system a.) 2.0 db
c.) Rigid component b.) 2.15 db
d.) Flexible component c.) 1.50 db
d.) 1.75 db
4. Concrete filled driven piles of uniform section shall
have a nominal outside diameter of not less than 10. In walls and slabs other than concrete joist
(NSCP 307.7.3) construction, primary flexural reinforcement shall
a.) 200 mm not be spaced farther apart than 3 times wall or slab
b.) 250 mm thickness nor farther than? (NSCP 407.7.5)
c.) 300 mm a.) 375mm
d.) 350 mm b.) 450mm
c.) 500mm
5. A complete record of test of materials and of d.) 300mm
concrete shall be available for inspection during the
progress of work and _______ years after 11. Groups of parallel reinforcing bars bundled in
completion of the project and shall be preserved by contact to act as one unit shall be united to ___
the inspecting engineer or architect for that pieces in one bundle. (NSCP 407.7.6.1)
purpose, (NSCP 403.20) a.) 4
a.) 2 years b.) 3
b.) 5 years c.) 2
c.) 10 years d.) 5
d.) 15 years
12. Bars larger than ___mm shall not be bundled in
6. The minimum bend diameter for 10mm Ø through beams:
25mm Ø bars (NSCP 407.30) (NSCP 407.7.6.3)
a.) 12 db a.) 25mm
b.) 6 db b.) 16mm
c.) 8 db c.) 28mm
d.) 10 db d.) 36mm
13. Individual bars within a bundle terminated within 20. The minimum one way slab thickness for a BOTH
the span of flexural members shall terminate at ends continuous slab is: (NSCP 409.6.2)
different points with at least ____ stagger: (NSCP a.) L/20
407.7.6.4) b.) L/24
a.) 12 db c.) L/10
b.) 10 db d.) L/28
c.) 50 db
d.) 40 db 21. The minimum cantilevered slab thickness is :
(NSCP 409.6.2)
14. Minimum concrete cover cast against and a.) L/20
permanently exposed to earth: (NSCP 407.8.1) b.) L/24
a.) 100 mm c.) L/10
b.) 75 mm d.) L/28
c.) 50 mm
d.) 150 mm 22. Deep continuous flexural members has overall
depth to clear span ratio greater than: (NSCP
15. The minimum clear concrete covering for cast in 410.8.10)
place slab: (NSCP 407.8.1) a.) 0.40
a.) 20mm b.) 0.60
b.) 25mm c.) 0.75
c.) 40mm d.) 0.70
d.) 50mm
23. Deep simple span flexural members has overall
16. In ultimate strength design, the strength depth to clear span ratio greater than: (NSCP
reduction factor Ø for flexure without axial loads: 307.4.2)
(NSCP 409.2.1) a.) 0.40
a.) 0.85 b.) 0.60
b.) 0.75 c.) 0.75
c.) 0.90 d.) 0.70
d.) 0.70
24. Spacing of shear reinforcement placed
17. In ultimate strength design, the strength perpendicular to axis of non-prestressed member
reduction factor Ø for shear and torsion: (NSCP shall not exceed: (NSCP 411.6.4.1)
409.4.2.3) a.) d/2
a.) 0.70 b.) d/4
b.) 0.75 c.) ¾ d
c.) 0.85 d.) d/5
d.) 0.90
25. Development length Ld for deformed bars in
18. The minimum one way slab thickness which is tension shall be less than: (NSCP 412.3.1)
simply supported at the ends only is: (NSCP 409.6.2) a.) 300 mm
a.) L/20 b.) 250 mm
b.) L/24 c.) 200 mm
c.) L/28 d.) 350 mm
d.) L/10
26. Is an essentially vertical truss system of the
19. The minimum one way slab thickness for a ONE concentric or eccentric type that is provided to resist
end continuous slab is: (NSCP 409.6.2) lateral forces: (NCSP 208.1)
a.) L/20 a.) Building frame system
b.) L/24 b.) Braced frame
c.) L/10 c.) Diaphragm
d.) L/28 d.) Collector
27. Is a horizontal or nearly horizontal system 33. The minimum distance that the toe of fill slope
activity to transmit lateral forces to the vertical made to the site boundary line: (NSCP 302.4.3)
resisting elements: a.) 0.80 M
a.) Building frame system b.) 0.60 M
b.) Braced frame c.) 1.50 M
c.) Diaphragm d.) 2.00 M
d.) Collector
34. The max. distance that the toe of fill slope made
28. Is a frame in which members and joints are to the site boundary: (NSCP 302.4.3)
capable of resisting forces primarily by flexure: a.) 0.80 M
a.) Moment resisting frame b.) 0.60 M
b.) Ordinary braced frame c.) 6.00 M
c.) Truss d.) 1.00 M
d.) Eccentric braced frame
35. In using sand backfill in the annular space around
29. In the determination of seismic dead load with a column not embedded in poured footings, the sand
minimum of ________% of floor live load shall be shall be thoroughly compacted by tamping in layers
applicable for storage and warehouse occupancies. not more than _____mm in depth? (NSCP 305.7.3)
(NSCP 208.5.1.1) a.) 500 mm
a.) 50% b.) 400 mm
b.) 25% c.) 200 mm
c.) 30% d.) 300 mm
d.) 35%
36. In using a concrete backfill in the annular space
30. The slope of cut surfaces shall be no steeper than around column not embedded in poured footings,
_______% slope. (NSCP 302.2.2) the concrete shall have ultimate strength of
a.) 50% ____Mpa at 28 days. (NSCP 305.7.3)
b.) 60% a.) 30 Mpa
c.) 30% b.) 15 Mpa
d.) 40% c.) 10 Mpa
d.) 5 Mpa
31. Before commencing the excavation work, the
person making the excavation shall notify in writing 37. When grillage footings of structural steel shapes
the owner of the adjoining building not less than are used on soils, they shall be completely
_____days before such excavation is to be made. embedded in concrete. Concrete cover shall be at
(NSCP 302.2.4) least _____mm on the bottom. (NSCP 305.8)
a.) 15 days a.) 100 mm
b.) 10 days b.) 200 mm
c.) 30 days c.) 150 mm
d.) 60 days d.) 250 mm

32. Fill slopes shall not be constructed on natural 38. Temporary open air portable bleachers may be
slopes steeper than ____% slope (NSCP 302.3.1) supported upon wood sills or steel plates placed
a.) 50% directly upon the ground surface, provided soil
b.) 10% pressure does not exceed ____Kpa. (NSCP 305.9)
c.) 20% a.) 100 Kpa
d.) 60% b.) 50 Kpa
c.) 150 Kpa
d.) 200 Kpa
39. The minimum nominal diameter of steel bolts 45. Cast in place/bored piles shall have a specific
when wood plates or sill shall be bolted to compressive strength Fc of not less than
foundation wall in zone 2 seismic area in the ______Mpa. (NSCP 307.2.1)
Philippines. (NSCP 305.60) a.) 17.50 Mpa
a.) 10mm b.) 20 Mpa
b.) 12mm c.) 15 Mpa
c.) 16mm d.) 25 Mpa
d.) 20mm
46. Pre-cast concrete piles shall have a specific
40. The minimum nominal diameter of steel bolts compressive strength Fc of not less than _____Mpa.
when wood plates or sill shall be bolted to (NSCP 304.7.1)
foundation wall in zone 4 seismic area in the a.) 17.50 Mpa
Philippines. (NSCP 305.60) b.) 20 Mpa
a.) 10mm c.) 15 Mpa
b.) 12mm d.) 25 Mpa
c.) 16mm
d.) 20mm 47. The maximum spacing of ties and spirals in a
driven pre-cast concrete pile center to center. (NSCP
41. Individual pile caps and caissons of every 307.5.1)
structure subjected to seismic forces shall be a.) 75 mm
interconnected by ties. Such ties shall be capable of b.) 100 mm
resisting in tension or compression a minimum c.) 125 mm
horizontal force equal to _____% of the largest d.) 150 mm
column vertical load. (NSCP 306.20)
a.) 15% 48. Pre-cast pre-stressed concrete piles shall have a
b.) 20% specified compressive strength Fc of not less than
c.) 10% ____Mpa. (NSCP 307.5.1)
d.) 25% a.) 20 Mpa
b.) 15 Mpa
42. Such piles into firm ground may be considered c.) 25 Mpa
fixed and laterally supported at _____M below the d.) 35 Mpa
ground surface. (NSCP 306.20)
a.) 1.50 M 49. The minimum outside diameter of pipe piles
b.) 2.00 M when used must be? (NSCP 307.6.3)
c.) 2.50 M a.) 300 mm
d.) 3.00 M b.) 250 mm
c.) 350 mm
43. Such piles into soft ground may be considered d.) 400 mm
fixed and laterally supported at _____M below the
ground surface. (NSCP 306.20) 50. Aviation control towers fall to what type of
a.) 1.50 M occupancy?
b.) 2.00 M a.) Special occupancy structures
c.) 2.50 M b.) Essential facilities
d.) 3.00 M c.) Hazardous facility
d.) Standard occupancy
44. The maximum length of cast in place piles/bored
piles shall be _____times the average diameter of 51. Private garages, carports, sheds, agricultural
the pile. (NSCP 307.2.1) buildings fall to what type of occupancy?
a.) 10 times a.) Miscellaneous occupancy
b.) 20 times b.) Essential facilities
c.) 30 times c.) Special occupancy
d.) 15 times d.) Hazardous facility
52. Buildings used for college or adult education with 58. As per NSCP 2001 sect. 206.9.3 vertical impact
a capacity of 500 or more students fall to what type force for crane load, if powered monorail cranes are
of occupancy? considered, the max. wheel load of the crane shall
a.) Miscellaneous occupancy be increased by what percent to determine the
b.) Essential facilities induced vertical impact? (NSCP 206.9.3)
c.) Special occupancy a.) 50%
d.) Hazardous facility b.) 25%
c.) 15%
53. Buildings or structures therein housing and d.) 20%
supporting toxic or explosive chemicals or
substances fall to what type of category? 59. The lateral force on a crane runway beam with
a.) Miscellaneous occupancy electrically powered trolleys shall be calculated as
b.) Essential facilities ______% of the sum of the rated capacity of the
c.) Special occupancy crane and the weight of the hoist and trolley. (NSCP
d.) Hazardous facility 206.9.4)
a.) 20%
54. The allowable deflection for any structural b.) 15%
member loaded with live load only. (NSCP 107.2.2) c.) 30%
a.) L/300 d.) 50%
b.) L/360
c.) L/200 60. The longitudinal forces on crane runway beams,
d.) L/240 except for bridge cranes with hand geared bridges
shall be calculated as _____% of the max. wheel load
55. The allowable deflection for any structural of the crane. (NSCP 206.9.5)
member loaded with dead load and live load only. a.) 15%
(NSCP 104.2.2) b.) 10%
a.) L/240 c.) 25%
b.) L/300 d.) 20%
c.) L/360
d.) L/200 61. An open building is a structure having all walls at
least _____% open. (NSCP 207)
56. Retaining walls shall be designed to resist sliding a.) 50%
by at least _______times the lateral force. (NSCP b.) 60%
206.6) c.) 80%
a.) 3 d.) 75%
b.) 2
c.) 1.50 62. Low rise buildings is an enclosed or partially
d.) 1.0 enclosed with mean roof height less than or equal
to? (NSCP 207.20)
57. Retaining walls shall be designed to resist a.) 70 M
overturning by at least ______times the overturning b.) 50 M
moment. (NSCP 206.6) c.) 15 M
a.) 1.0 d.) 18 M
b.) 2.50
c.) 2.0 63. The wind load importance factor lw for essential
d.) 1.50 facilities is equal to? (NSCP 207.50)
a.) 1.15
b.) 1.0
c.) 2.15
d.) 0.87
64. The wind load importance factor for hazardous 70. Urban and suburban areas, wooded areas or
facilities is equal to? other terrain with numerous closely spaced
a.) 1.0 obstructions having the size of single family dwelling
b.) 0.87 or larger falls on what exposure category for wind
c.) 1.15 loading?
d.) 2.15 a.) Exposure A
b.) Exposure B
65. The wind load importance factor for standard c.) Exposure C
occupancy structures is equal to? d.) Exposure D
a.) 1.0
b.) 1.15 71. Zone 1 of the Philippine map has a wind velocity
c.) 0.87 of ____Kph?
d.) 2.0 a.) 150 Kph
b.) 250 Kph
66. The wind load importance factor for c.) 125 Kph
miscellaneous structures is equal to? d.) 200 Kph
a.) 1.0
b.) 1.15 72. Zone 2 of the Philippine map has a wind velocity
c.) 0.87 of ____Kph?
d.) 2.0 a.) 200 Kph
b.) 125 Kph
67. Large city centers with at least 50% of the c.) 150 Kph
buildings having a height greater than 21M. falls on d.) 250 Kph
what exposure category for wind loading? (NSCP
207.5.3) 73. Zone 3 of the Philippine map has a wind velocity
a.) Exposure A of ____Kph?
b.) Exposure B a.) 200 Kph
c.) Exposure C b.) 125 Kph
d.) Exposure D c.) 150 Kph
d.) 250 Kph
68. Open terrain with scattered obstructions having
heights less than 9M. Falls on what exposure 74. In testing concrete laboratory cured specimens,
category for wind loading? no individual strength test (average of 2 cylinders)
a.) Exposure A falls below fc’ by more than _______. (NSCP
b.) Exposure B 405.7.3.3)
c.) Exposure C a.) 5 Mpa
d.) Exposure D b.) 4.25 Mpa
c.) 3.50 Mpa
69. Flat unobstructed areas exposed to wind flowing d.) 4.0 Mpa
over open water for a distance of at least 2 km falls
on what exposure category for wind loading? 75. Spacing for a lateral support for a beam shall not
a.) Exposure A exceed _______times the least width b of
b.) Exposure B compression flange or face. (NSCP 410.5.10)
c.) Exposure C a.) 40
d.) Exposure D b.) 50
c.) 60
d.) 30
76. For a rectangular reinforced concrete 82. For pin connected members in which the pin is
compression member, it shall be permitted to take expected to provide for relative movement between
the radius of gyration equal to _______times the connected parts while under full load, the diameter
overall dimension of the direction of stability is being of the pinhole shall not be more than ______mm
considered. (NSCP 410.12.20) greater than the diameter of the pin. (NSCP
a.) 0.30 504.4.2.3)
b.) 0.45 a.) 1 mm
c.) 0.50 b.) 0.5 mm
d.) 0.75 c.) 0.80 mm
d.) 2 mm
77. For members whose design is based on
compressive force, the slenderness ratio kL/r 83. The maximum longitudinal spacing of bolts, nuts
preferably should not exceed ________? (NSCP and intermittent welds correctly two rolled shapes in
502.8.1) contact for a built up section shall not exceed
a.) 300 ________. (NSCP 505.5.4)
b.) 250 a.) 700 mm
c.) 200 b.) 500 mm
d.) 350 c.) 600 mm
d.) 400 mm
78. For members whose design is based on tensile
force, the slenderness ratio L/r preferably should not 84. The ratio L/r for lacing bars arranged in single
exceed _________. system shall not exceed ________. (NSCP 505.5.80)
a.) 200 a.) 140 mm
b.) 300 b.) 200 mm
c.) 250 c.) 250 mm
d.) 350 d.) 100 mm

79. For pin connected members, the allowable stress 85. The ratio L/r for lacing bars arranged in double
on the net area of the pinhole for pin connected system shall not exceed ________.
members is _________. (NSCP 504.4.1.1) a.) 140 mm
a.) 0.60 Fy b.) 200 mm
b.) 0.50 Fy c.) 250 mm
c.) 0.45 Fy d.) 100 mm
d.) 0.40 Fy
86. For members bent about their strong or weak
80. Other than pin connected members, the axes, members with compact sections where the
allowable tensile stress shall not exceed _______ on flanges continuously connected to web the
the gross area. (NSCP 504.2.1) allowable bending stress is _________. (NSCP
a.) 0.60 Fy 506.4.1.1)
b.) 0.45 Fy a.) 0.75 Fy
c.) 0.33 Fy b.) 0.60 Fy
d.) 0.66 Fy c.) 0.45 Fy
d.) 0.66 Fy
81. For pin connected plates, the minimum net area
beyond the pinhole parallel to the axis of the 87. For box type and tabular textural members that
member shall not be less than _______of the net meet the non compact section requirements of
area across the pinhole. (NSCP 504.4.2.1) section 502.6, the allowable bending stress is
a.) 3/4 ________. (NSCP 506.4.1.1)
b.) 2/3 a.) 0.75 Fy
c.) 3/5 b.) 0.60 Fy
d.) 1/3 c.) 0.45 Fy
d.) 0.66 Fy
88. Bolts and rivets connecting stiffness to the girder 94. The connections at ends of tension or
web shall be spaced not more than ______mm on compression members in trusses shall develop the
centers. (NSCP 507.5.3) force due to the design load, but no less than
a.) 300 mm _______% at the effective strength of the member
b.) 400 mm unless a smaller percentage is justified by
c.) 350 mm engineering analysis that considers other factors
d.) 250 mm including handling, shipping and erection. (NSCP
510.2.5.1)
89. Ira composite beam section, the actual section a.) 50
modulus of the transformed composite section shall b.) 70
be used in calculating the concrete flexural c.) 65
compressed stress and for construction without d.) 100
temporary shores, this stress shall be based upon
loading applied after the concrete has reached 95. When formed steel decking is a part of the
_____% of its required strength. composite beam, the spacing of stud shear
a.) 50% connector along the length of the supporting beam
b.) 60% or girder shall not exceed _______mm. (NSCP
c.) 80% 509.6.1.2)
d.) 75% a.) 800
b.) 750
90. Shear connectors shall have at least c.) 900
________mm of lateral concrete covering. (NSCP d.) 1000
509.5.8)
a.) 50 mm 96. The minimum sizes of filler weld for plates with
b.) 100 mm thickness greater than 20mm is ________. (NSCP
c.) 25 mm 510.3.3.2)
d.) 40 mm a.) 10
b.) 8
91. The minimum center to center spacing of stud c.) 15
connectors along the longitudinal axis of supporting d.) 20
composite beam is ____________.
(NSCP 509.5.8) 97. The minimum sizes of filler weld for plates with
a.) 6 diameter of connector thickness 6mm is ________? (NSCP 510.3.3.2)
b.) 10 diameter of connector a.) 3 mm
c.) 12 diameter of connector b.) 6 mm
d.) 5 diameter of connector c.) 8 mm
d.) 10 mm
92. The maximum center to center spacing of stud
connectors along the longitudinal axis of supporting 98. The minimum sizes of filler weld for plates with
composite beam is ____________. (NSCP 509.5.8) thickness over 12mm to 20mm is ________? (NSCP
a.) 8 diameter of connector 510.3.3.2)
b.) 6 diameter of connector a.) 8 mm
c.) 5 diameter of connector b.) 10 mm
d.) 10 diameter of connector c.) 6 mm
d.) 5 mm
93. Connections carrying calculated stresses, except
for lacing, sag bars and girts, shall be designed to
support not less than ________Kn of force. (NSCP
510.10.61)
a.) 30
b.) 50
c.) 26.70
d.) 35
January 2019

Calculate the “second moment of inertia” of a rectangular section with a base 4,166,667 mm4
of 50mm and height of 100mm.
When a beam is loaded, the new position of its longitudinal centroid axis is Deflected shape
called
Max moment for a restrained beam Wl2 / 8
Allowable stresses for tension in structural steel in terms of gross area is taken 85
_____% of specifies allowable yield stress.
Allowable tensile stress of structural steel based on effective net area is taken 50
_____% of specified ultimate tensile stress.
Allowable bearing stress on projected area between bolts and steel plate in 1.2
taken ____ of Fu.
Which of the ff. criterion is not applicable for plug and a lot welds.
Max. deflection for any simply supported beam with concentrated loads of PL3 / 48EI
midspan is equal to:
Greatest stress which a material is capable of developing without a Proportional Limit
permanent deformation remaining upon the complete release of stress is
called:
Modulus of elasticity of steel is 200 MPa
Distance from the extreme fiber in compression to the centroid of the tension Effective depth
steel area
Under the AISC method of evaluating the maximum safe load of a steel 2π2E / √fy
column, the column constant is
Narrowest dimension between sides of forms 1/5
Depth of slabs 1/3
Minimum clear spacing between individual reinforcing bars 3/4
Roof loads shall be assumed to act Vertically upon the
area projected on
the horizontal
Refers to the occupancy load which is either partially in place or fully in place Live load
or may not be present at all is called
Slenderness ratio of compression members shall not exceed 200
Recommended design value of k-factor for both ends pin connected 1.0
Critical slenderness ratio is the upper limit of the elastic bucking failure, 0.5 fy
where its average column stress equal to
Maximum usable strain at extreme concrete compression fiber shall be 0.003
assumed to be equal to
It is the sidewise bending of displacement accompanied by twisting about Buckling
minor or weaker axis at usually at the compression section
In column, the ratio of its effective length to its least radius of gyration is Slenderness ratio
called
Allowable stress for compression members whose largest effective {1-[9kL/r)2/2Cc2]} *
slenderness ratio of any unbraced segment is less than the square root of [2 Fy/Fs
π2E/ Fy] as per AISC standard is
In computing net area, the width of a rivet or bolt hole shall be taken as 1.6
_____mm greater than the nominal dimension of the hole normal to the
direction of applied stress
For relativity short fittings such as splice or gusset plates used as statically 85
loaded connecting elements, the net area An shall not exceed ____% of the
gross Ag.

It is the ability of a material like steel to undergo large inelastic deformation Ductility
without failure
An imaginary distance from the centroidal axis at which the entire area can be Radius of Gyration
assumed to exist without affecting the moment of inertia
In the strength design method (NSCP 2015), the ultimate load is computed as: 1.6 LL + 1.2 DL
Minimum reinforcement ratio provided by the code is taken ____ Ag. 1.4
A composite number member with laterally tied concrete around a steel core None of the above
(of design yield strength not to exceed 350 MPa) shall have vertical spacing of
lateral ties shall not exceed
For beam with a slab on one side only, the effective overhanging flange width Any of the above
shall not exceed
Which of the following method that is used to taken into account the Reduction
slenderness effect of columns according to Is: 456-2000 coefficient method
According to Is: 456, the diameter of the helices in circular column shall be at One-fourth the
least diameter of
longitudinal steel
Maximum strength attained in concrete on limited state design is generally 0.45 fck
taken as
The pitch of helices in circular column shall not exceed 75mm
Minimum pitch of the helical reinforcement in circular columns should be 25mm
A steel element such as wire, bar, rod or strand, or a bundle of such elements Tendon
used to impact pre-stress to concrete
A ______ is a vertical element that resists lateral forces in the plane of the Shear wall
wall through shear and bending. Such a wall acts as a beam cantilevered out
of the ground or foundations, and part of its strength derives from its depth
In any one bundle, groups of parallel reinforcing bars bundled in contract to Four
act as a unit shall be limited to a maximum of
A structure will have a better chance of showing an earthquake if which of the The load-bearing
following is true members are not
equally loaded
The recommended deflection criteria due to wind loading on a brick vender L/360
wall utilizing a metal stud backup system is
For normal weight concrete, the modulus of elasticity of concrete Ec, may be 4700 √f’C
taken as
One-way concrete slab is used when The slab is being
supported by two
parallel beams
For beam with a slab on one side only the effective overhanging flange width Any of the above
shall not exceed
In order to achieve economy, the spacing of stirrups at mid span section May be increased
_____ compared to that of support section
Minimum steel required in slabs is mainly controlled by the following Shrinkage and creep
consideration