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ANSYS Mechanical Introduction 12.

Workshop 5.2

Vibration Analysis
Workshop 5.2 - Goals

•  Our goal is to simulate the modal response of the tension link

(shown below) in both a stressed and unstressed state.
•  Specifically, we will load the link with a 4000 N tensile load and
compare the natural
ANSYS Mechanical frequency
Introduction 12.0 to that of the unloaded component.
Workshop 5.2 – Project Schematic

1.  Double click Static Structural in

the Toolbox to create a new
ANSYS Mechanical Introduction 12.0
3.  Drag/drop a “Modal” system onto
the “Solution” cell of the static
structural system.

. . . Workshop 5.2 – Project Schematic

•  When the schematic is correctly set up it should appear as shown


ANSYS Mechanical Introduction 12.0

“Drop Target”

•  The “drop target” from the previous page indicates the outcome of
the drag and drop operation. Cells A2 thru A4 from system (A) are
shared by system (B). Similarly the solution cell A6 is transferred to
the system B setup. In fact, the structural solution drives the
buckling analysis.
. . . Workshop 5.2 – Project Schematic

•  Verify:
–  Project units are set to “Metric (kg, mm, s, C, mA, mV).
–  “Display Values in Project Units” is checked (on).
ANSYS Mechanical Introduction 12.0
. . . Workshop 5.2 – Project Schematic

3.  From the static structural

system (A), RMB the Geometry
cell and “Import Geometry”.
Browse to theIntroduction
ANSYS Mechanical file 12.0
“tension_link.x_t”. 3.

4.  Double click the “Model” cell to

open the Mechanical
Workshop 5.2 - Setup

5.  Set the working Unit System:

–  Units > Metric (mm, kg, N, s, mV, mA)

7.  Apply supports to the model (highlight
ANSYS Mechanical Introduction 12.0

“Static Structural” (A5):

a.  Highlight one of the inside faces of one washer
“RMB > Insert > Fixed Support”.
b.  Highlight the face on the rim of the other
washer “RMB > Insert > Frictionless Support”.

Fixed Support a.

Workshop 5.2 - Preprocessing

7.  Apply tensile load to the model:

a.  Orient the model as necessary and zoom
in on the inside face of the washer where
the frictionless
ANSYS support
Mechanical Introduction is applied to the


b.  “RMB > Insert > Force”.

c.  In the “Details of Force”, change to a.
d.  Enter “4000” in the “Z” component
Magnitude field.
•  Note: depending on your choices for
supports the load may need to be c.
defined as – 4000 N to put the rod in
tension d.
Workshop 5.2 - Analysis Settings

8.  Highlight the modal “Solution” branch (B6)

and Solve.

–  When
ANSYSsolution completes
Mechanical Introduction 12.0

10. Insert modal results:

a.  RMB in the timeline and “Select All”.
b.  RMB in the timeline and “Create Mode Shape

11. RMB the Solution branch and “Evaluate All

Workshop 5.2 – Postprocessing

11.  Highlight various results to view displaced mode shapes.

ANSYS Mechanical Introduction 12.0

… Workshop 5.2 – Postprocessing

•  This table illustrates the change in the first natural frequency as the
force is increased (note this table is for illustration only and is not
part of the workshop).
ANSYS Mechanical Introduction 12.0