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FSX-414 !

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A 9 '7: , .> - 1 .2 ', G '$/% < A " I$.2 *F&' < FH G '$/% < A B HG '$/% <
(SEM) A .&7 N & &' N & &' L B .> - 1' B 4'5 61.2 K L B M. *1 / ." 1.J 6 5
1A 1? B A ."J 6 5 A ) <: S J GT H < U * -' V,O P Q > @' R/* ."J 6 5 A EDAX 1A -
< X 'A M23C6 'A I$.2 * 97J "' . : . 1'< .2 "7 H FSX-414 9 '7: , .> - :" AW .
F *F&' /B .> - I$.2 *F&' B H G '$/% Z < A . A *1 < *" @'A YJ MC @. B
) -J \% A FSX-414 9 '7: , B H G '$/% Z . A .' . : 1 ' < B- *< "> & [ 8 DB < B A M23C6 * 'A
I$.2 *F&' Z A. L'E V,O P )* \% A FA D .2 "7 H 1A "8 #'$ B Z &E. Z &E.
* "% 4 G 1A 1 6 ? ^1A < FH G '$/% Z A1 ]2 V,O P Q > A 9 '7: @ B H G '$/%
V,O P 1A Z &E. dMH @/e B 980ºC "% 4 G 1A .2 ', G '$/% Z ab 1180ºC 1120
."J " L'E .A
. * 'A EP < ', < FH B H G '$/% MC M23C6 * 'A FSX-414 "7 8 1 , 9 '7: , : % $ "5

1nA 980ºC n .2n ', G n'$/% abn L'E B 7 %1


@n .[7] n A n n L'nE B "% 4 G 1A " D ^ > 1A FSX-414 'f .2 "7 8 1 , *9 '7: ,
< n FnH G n'$/% 'f B H G '$/% * . , ''tB 4'DEB .2 "'$A 5 g -> " D T A ' ' 6 >
9 '7: , n nA L'nE n nB < n FnH < "% = *;< "> . 6 ^ 1A h $P &' & ?
n FnH gn? < FH G '$/% ." 1.J 6 5 f FSX-414 < 6 @ .> - .[3-1] '6 5 M. < 6 *@'A B
n< nA T A . = 8 S J ? ; $E 1'7 * 'A (γ) "' . : < J . 1'< F ;/ ^ 1A *9 '7: ,
n$8B n* 1n n * 'A . 'A FH g? G '$/% @ / @'H 1 A M23C6 'A < M$.2 * 9 7 J
"% n 10 T nA ) nB T n^ n* n < @'n R/* . '6 F& 1 ' < < J . * < A @'A YJ *1 <
٣
T n *< J n \nn% A n B n < n FnnH G n '$/% (1050ºC F'& B - 1 m M23C6 * 'A < / . B : 1' H
.[8] n n 9 n'7: Vn,O nP )* n \% A 1 Co2W /* G T ^a < ', B H G '$/% m [T / 1 *
)* n n B n < n FnH G '$/% < A "% ; . .[4-1] : ? 1A T A 9 '7:
n'v n* ]nD nYH . A mu 9 '7: .' . : 1 ' < * ]D n'A G A n n ? ; $E < "7 8 1 , *9 '7: , Z &E.
n < B < * n'A h n nA gn n* n& % 1A * A nB H G n'$/% G n 1nA "n7 8 1n , *9 '7: , n . 4.
@n .[9] : n @' n, Q n> '6 $? * 'A "> & @n "n$% . n '6 5 M. [ /'D. .2 < A
< Fn H &' n& Q n> .> - D'8PB - $'$EB A A 4'DEB .[5] n A n nB H G '$/% Z m V, O P )*
gn nB H G '$/% 1A B H G '$/% I$.2 *F&' G n'$/% Un F /% ^ 1A "7 8 1 , *9 '7: , B H G '$/%
L'nE n Z &E. dMH @/e . A V,O P 1A A '. A ٢
< n ', G n'$/% abn 1'7 * 'A FH " ? ١ < FH
."J " \n% A nB H G n'$/% . n A "> & < B A - G A A
n .2' 6 ) B h > $'> Q > [ p2 Z &E. ATA
8 13 9 - .[6-5] V,O P )* \% A FA D TA
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< &' g7 5 4'5 61.2 K L B &' & Q > n n "% 4 G 1A 1150ºC < FH G '$/% F
Ross & '$ " "> FSX-414 9 '7: , .2 )/
1
Solution treatment
3 2
Lave phases Aging treatment
n < B 1nn n n *n .nn nB H G n'$/% Z n < ann, . . <: W . 1 ; ? . 1' B Catherall
." : " 1A 9 '7: , .> - * 'A < .> & .2 G '$/% < A F85 FSX-414 9 '7: '/' g' B F 1
. A

I7

G '$/% Z L'E M /B D7 h r G '$/%


8=/ ."J 6 G &' g7 5 1500ºC .2
. 6 1' B .> - * " ? J 6 7. 1 / 4 ) 1 /
& .&7 I$.2 F&' 3 ) *1 / 4'DEB @
1.J 6 f 1 / 2 F&' * A 1 .J 6 5 B H G '$/% "EB
Q >1 D " ? B H G '$/% Z A -' ) 1 / 2 .
1. .2 G 1A B H G '$/% *1 / A &' &
1150 1120 1 < FH G '$/% 4'DEB @ .
< a, *1 / Z "% 4 G 1A 1180ºC
980ºC "% 4 G 1A .2 ', G '$/% "EB L'E B
h < a, *1 / @ . L'E B ab .J 6 5
) <: ASTM-E8M (2008) . 48^ < :
. .J 6 5 L'E
1150 1120 n 1n 1n 6 ? n^ 1nA -' J 6 7 . 1 / 1
n n .J 6 5 < FH G '$/% "EB "% 4 G 1A 1180ºC
n "% 'mwB A " ? -' J 6 7 . 1 / U .
"% n 4 G n 1nA < n FnH G n'$/% "EB < FH G '$/% < A
n x n> n& .&7 n < abn 1n.J 6 n5 1150ºC
G n'$/% Z A r J 6 7 . *1 / . L'E M /B
60ml HCL+ 15ml CH3COOH + n&H ; n$E Ln B .2 ',
n n N & &' A ab y 15ml HNO3 + 15ml H20
)n n*1n / /'5 A < @' R/* .[10] .J 6 5 1 7 P A
Ln B n * F'&n B n*< J .> n - n A " ? *1 / -'
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:3 ;

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2 F& 1 P /* ." .2 1 / < A G n 1nA 1150ºC < FH G '$/% F FSX-414 9 '7: ,
1A ." * FA 5 { 'M 'B < J = 1 ' < " ]2 .2n ', G n'$/% abn L'E B "% 4
1 < 3 H B .A 9 '7: g' B @. B ? F'7 n nB n "% n 4 G 1A 980ºC ( .2 h )
< M. A . A @. B < X *< J { 'M *"/ 5 N &n &' 1n m .&7 pB 1 F& .[7] A L'E
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{ 'M H 1 * B ." 3 F& h I7 *"/ 5 1 P /* ." . L
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2
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FSX-414 9 '7: , e H * 'A [12-11] A 1R :
.1 ' < (x 1 m - * 'A (h
"DA P e H 4'DEB < F H W . A " 'A .2 < A
.

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. 1 m 1'7 = G pA M23C6 * 'A @' R/* F&' < A .> - * 5 F& 1 P /*
< A 1 m * 'A : ? A .2 < A 1'7 * 'A M23C6 * 'A F FSX-414 9 '7: < . B H G '$/%
1 P /* . h .' . : 1 ' < B H G '$/% Z g$P @ . / * .> - MC * 'A A
* 1 m 1'7 * 'A = * * 5 F& 1A B H G '$/% m MC , * 'A 1 *
M23C6 Z < X * 'A = < . 1 / .> - } E7 1A M23C6 * 'A . F 8B M23C6 * 'A
1A B 1 m * 'A "7 8 p % U', A BT A . A 1A 1 ) 48^ MC * 'A A B , &' B
<: W . .' . : 1 ' < V6 m * 'A @ A - .[13] F 8B M23C6 * 'A
. "8 EDAX MC + Austenite →M23C6 (1)

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10µm 50µm
h

10µm 50µm
x

10µm 50µm
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4
* 'A D 1120ºC . h " 1.J 6 Z A .2 "7 H FSX-414 9 '7: , J 6 7. pB 6 F&
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~P e H * 'A EP . FH . 'A * 'A ." 9 '7: @ A r .
-'7 : * -J Z < M. A r * < FH < a, * 'A "> & 'X < B * I7 -6 F& 1 P /*
1& @/e 1180ºC ." 9 F& pB < D < FH G '$/% < A . * .2 1 /
B"> & -' 1 m * 'A <B FH . 'A * 'A 5 * 'A 5A 1 * 'A . FH * 'A
. A , . * . 'A 9 *1 < < A *1 <
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I7
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F&' .2 ', G '$/% < A < FH G '$/% < A .2
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20µm
A (x < FH G '$/% < A (h .2 (I7 *"7 H A .2 1 D -7 F&
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@ B ." BT A .2 .2 1 / 1 *
M /B *1 / 1'7 * 'A A" 1A g$P
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1 m- * 'A . YH 1 m 1'7 * 'A *1 /
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. * .1180°C (x 1150°C (h 1120°C(I7

1150 1120 1 1.J 6 f *1 / 1& < a, " ? r * *1 / < FH G '$/% Z < a, ; H


"EB "% 4 G 1A 980ºC < FH 1180ºC '6 < "7 H * .2 < : .2 <:
.> - 12 F& . .J 6 5 .2 ', G '$/% 1fH• ." 10 F& F H W . .
. * A .&7 N & &' L B *1 / @ * 'A . 'A FH g? 1 < FH G '$/% ) -J A 1
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< FH
1180°C 1150°C 1120°C
* 'A =
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" A D B H G '$/% -J m 1R : O•> A
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.980°C "2 ', 1180°C (x
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7
>? 1 / @ .> - e H * 'A A *1 /
[1]. D. Foster, C. T. Sims, “FSX-414 an alloy for gas Q > A . A V7 z <B Bh $P G 1A
turbines”, Metal progress, July 1969, PP. 83-85 1 / . "DA P g$P @ A -' 1 / @ V,O P
[2]. E. C. Garrow, “Cobalt – base alloy FSX-414 in @ B / .> - A A 1120ºC < FH
casting for heavy duty industrial gas turbines” , Cobalt ,
1974, vol 1, P. 25 . 1'? B V,O P ) -J
[3]. T. Sims, N. S. Stoloff, W. C. Hagel , Superalloy II ,
John wiley and Sons , 1987. < 7=
[4]. T. Sims , “A Contemporary view of Cobalt-base
1 / SEM N & &' .> - D'8PB – $'$EB A A
alloys”, Journal of Metals, Dec. 1969, PP. 27-42.
[5]. A . Daniel, F. Michael. Heat Treating of W . I$.2 *F&' B H G '$/% *1 / .2
Superalloys. DeAntonio: Wyman Gordon Company; "7 8 1 , 9 '7: , A L'E ) <: < F H
2001, pp. 36-42. : A "'/* <€ H < W . FSX-414
[6]. S. J. Balsone:Buckets and nozzles(General Electric
Company, 2004). <B F B H G '$/% < F85 FSX-414 9 '7: , .> -1
[7]. D. A. Dantonio, D. Duhl and T. Howson, in: Heat < X * 'A MC @. B < X " * 'A "> & 'X
treating, edited by M. F. Rothman, volume 4 of ASM .> - B H G '$/% < A A .' . : 1 ' < M23C6 Z
Handbook, section, 7, ASM International (2004), pp.
*< "> & [ 8 DB < B A M23C6 * 'A F 9 '7: @
56-57.
[8]. D. Klarstrom and P. Crook,in: Metallography and . A .' . : 1 ' < B-
Microstructures, edited by J. Wu, volume 9 of ASM 1'7 * 'A . 'A FH g? < FH ) -J -2
Handbook, section, 4, ASM International (2004), pp. z (1180ºC < FH Q p2A) *1 "> &
1817-1820.
[9]. M. Pouranvari, A. Ekrami and A. H. Kokabi: Mater. 1 m- * 'A < FH < @'H
Sci. and Eng. A Vol.229 (2008), p. 490 . h 1'7 * 'A O ^
[10]. B. Adams, D. Aliya, Alman.D, R. Aubin, Baldwin - * 'A < FH G '$/% < A * *1 / -3
.W, Bardes.B, etal. Metallography and Microstructures.
ASM Handbook; Volume 9; (2004), p. 1823. 1 m- * 'A 1 * g$P @ . / * 1 m
[11]. R .Bakhtiari, A. Ekrami. “Microstructural changes G '$/% < a, FSX-414 9 '7: , 1. *: Z * M23C6
of FSX-414 superalloy during TLP bonding”. Matrials "% ) -J A h .' . : 1 ' < < FH
science and engineering department 2011;pp 399-404
. / * 1 ' < * 'A @
[12]. Hyun-Jung Lee , Je-Hyun Lee , Chang-Young Jo,
Seong-Moon Seo, and Byeong-Moon Chang Seok- : B H G '$/% *F&' '6 1A A -4
Hwan Gwon. “Solidification and Segregation Behaviors 1120ºC "% 4 G 1A < FH G '$/% (I7
with Solidification Rate in Co base superalloy, FSX- 980ºC "% 4 G 1A .2 ', G '$/% ab
414”. Department of Materials Science and
Engineering, Changwon National University, 2009; Vol. L'E B
47, No. 7, pp. 440-446. 1180ºC "% 4 G 1A < FH G '$/% (h
[13]. P. Kevin,Prosses development of cobalt based 980ºC "% 4 G 1A .2 ', G '$/% ab
superalloys modified with hafnium and zirconium.
L'E B
Massachuset: Institute of technology; 1980, pp. 14-27.
1A B 25ºC ) <: < : " A W . 1A 1? B A
B H G '$/% 1 / 1A "8 Z &E. dMH @/e . A V,O P
."J " FSX-414 9 '7: , . F&'

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