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University of Kirkuk

Collage of Engineering
Civil Department

Hydrostatic Pressure
Group -B2-
Done by:

4M

Second stage
Group -B-

Date of experiment: Date of report:


4/12/2017 8/12/2017
Objectives:
1. Determine the centre of pressure on plane tilted surface.
2. To compare experimental results with theoretical ones.

Tools:
1. Beaker. Picture (1).
2. Hydrostatic pressure apparatus,(water vessel, detent,
slider, stop pin, water level scale, rider, weights,
handles).Picture (2).

Picture (1),
Beaker.
Picture (2), Hydrostatic
pressure apparatus.

1. water vessel
2. detent
3. slider
4. stop pin
5. water level scale
6. rider
7. weights
8. handles

Procedure:
1. Set the water vessel to angle 20o.
2. Mount the rider, set the lever arm on the scale (260mm).
3. Counterbalance the unit with a rotating slider, the stop pin
must be precisely in the middle of the hole.
4. Put a weight on the rider.
5. Top up with water until the unit is balanced (stop pin at
centre of hole).
6. Repeat the procedure with the same distance of rider and
changing the amount of the weight (many times).
7. Read off water level (every time).
8. Do the calculation to find the results.
Calculation & Results:
The dimension of the gate is (b=0.075m)
γ=9810 N
In this calculation we use the following equation.

 For α>0 and S<Sh


L=(S-St)/cos α
e=L/6
lD=200-L/3
Fb=γ(S-St)(L.b)/2

 For α>0 and S>Sh


L=(S-St)/cos α
e=(100)2/(24(L-50))
lD=150-e
Fp= γ(S-St-0.05cos α)(0.1b)
The results are in table (1).
Angle Lowest water level Highest water level
α=20o St=(12mm) Sh=(106mm)
Lever arm weight Water level L(mm) Calculated Calculated Calculated FG.L(N.mm) FP.LD(N.mm
L(mm) FG(N) S(mm) e(mm) LD(mm) FP(N) )
260 1.0 72 63.850 10.641 178.716 1.409 260 251.810
260 1.5 88 80.877 13.479 173.041 2.261 390 391.245
260 2.0 100 93.647 15.607 168.784 3.031 520 511.584
260 3.0 124 119.187 12.044 162.044 4.783 780 775.138
.Table(1)

FP.LD

(N.mm)

FG.L

(N.mm)

Discussion:
We found (FG.L) & (FP.LD) and they must be equal. In our
results they are not, and that because of some errors.
These errors are generated by,
1. The stop pin was not in the middle exactly that cause a
Percentage of the error.
2. The water vessel was not dry and this cause an error in
the reading of water level.
3. The surface on which the machine was mounted was not
in level and this cause a Percentage of the error too.

From this experience and the previous experience, we notice


that when the vessel is at angle 0 o, we need more water than
the vessel at angle 20o.