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ENTROPY AND CAUSALITY USED AS A PROOF FOR GOD'S EXISTENCE

ENTROPY AND CAUSALITY USED AS A PROOF FOR GOD'S


EXISTENCE

The second law of thermodynamics states that the amount


of energy in a system that is available to do work is
decreasing. Entropy increases as available energy
decreases. In other words, the purely natural tendency of
things is to move toward chaos, not order, and available
energy necessary for work is lost (mostly as heat) in this
process. Eventually, the universe will run down and all life
and motion will cease. This is the natural tendency of all
things. Batteries run down, machines break, buildings
crumble, roads decay, living things die, etc. Left to the
natural state, all things would eventually cease to function.

I. The universe is not infinitely old because it has not "run down."
1. If the universe were infinitely old, it would have reached a state
where all usable energy is gone.
2. But we are not in this state; therefore, the universe is not infinitely
old and must have had a beginning.
II. Because the universe has had a beginning, it is not infinite in
size.
1. It would require an infinite amount of time to become infinite in
size. Since the universe had a beginning, it has not had an infinite
amount of time to expand; therefore, it is finite in size.
III. All events have causes.
1. There cannot be an infinite regress of events, because that would
mean the universe were infinitely old.

• We've already established the universe cannot be infinitely


old.
• If it were infinitely old, the universe would be in a state of
unusable energy, which it is not.
• If it were infinitely old, the universe would be infinitely large,
which it is not.

IV. Since the universe is finite and had a beginning and there cannot
be an infinite number of regressions of causes to bring it into
existence, there must be a single uncaused cause of the universe.
1. A single uncaused cause of the universe must be greater in size and
duration than the universe it has brought into existence.
• Otherwise, we have the uncaused cause bringing into
existence something greater than or equal to itself.
2. Any cause that is natural to the universe is part of the universe.
ENTROPY AND CAUSALITY USED AS A PROOF FOR GOD'S EXISTENCE

• An event that is part of the universe cannot cause itself to


exit.
• Therefore, there must be an uncaused cause outside the
universe.
3. An uncaused cause cannot be a natural part of the universe, which
is finite.
• An uncaused cause would be infinite in both space and time,
since it is greater than which it has caused to exist.
4. An uncaused cause would be separate from the universe.
• Being separate from the universe, which was caused to be, it
would not be subject to the laws of the universe since it existed
independent of the universe and its laws.
• This would mean that entropy need not be required of the
uncaused cause.
V. This uncaused cause is supernatural.
1. By supernatural is meant completely 'other' than the universe and
is not the product of it.
• This uncaused cause must be incredibly powerful to bring the
universe into existence.
VI. The Bible teaches that God is uncaused, is not part of the
universe, created the universe, and is incredibly powerful.
1. God's existence (in Christianity) is not an event, but a state.
2. Psalm 90:2 says that God is God without a beginning.
3. This means that God is uncaused.
VII. Therefore, the God of the Bible is the uncaused cause of the
universe.