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EXCEL SHEET CALCULATION FOR PARALLEL RLC CIRCUITS ONLY

Enter the data below circuit diagram I(t) Instantaneous Current Sinewave
V(t) Instantaneous Voltage Sinewave
I(t) 5A 400 10

IR Ir = 4.6 A 350
R:Ω IL IC 8
300
230V 0 50.0 IL = 4.880 A
250 6
V(t)
L:H Ic = 7.225 A 200

f: 50 Hz 0.1500 150
4

C:μF
100
(t): 0.0005 100.0 2
Interval 50
wt wt
0 0
0.0000 0.0050 0.0100 0.0150 0.0200 0.0250 0.0300 0.0350 0.0400 0.0000 0.0050 0.0100 0.0150 0.0200 0.0250 0.0300 0.0350 0.0400
XL = 2πfL V(r) = 230∠0° V -50
XL = 2π(50)(150mH) -2
-100
XL = 47.12 Ω I(r) = V / Z
I(r) = 5.163∠-27.0° A -150
-4
Xc = 1 / 2πfC -200
Xc = 1 / 2π(50)(100μF) Vt = Vp sin ( wt + θv ) -6
-250
Xc = 31.830 Ω at (t) : 0.0005
-300
Vt = 325.26 sin (314.15t + 0°) -8
1/Zt = R + j (XL-Xc) Vt = 50.88 V -350

1/Zt = 0.02 + j ( 0.0212 - 0.0314 ) -400 -10


1/Zt = 0.02 + j ( 0.0101 ) It = Ip sin ( wt + θi )
Zt =44.54∠27.01° Ω at (t) : 0.0005
P(t) Instantaneous Power Sinewave
P(t) = V(r) I(r) [(cos (θi-θv) + cos (2wt+θi+θv)] For power factor correction type (Y or N): Y 2400
Power Factor = 0.891 It = 7.3018 sin (314.15t+-27.0°)
2300
current leads voltage by 27.01° It = 4.293 A P(t) = 1058 + 1187.5 cos[(628.31t + -27.01°)] Improve pf value Pf(2) = 0.950
2200
P(max) = 2.245 kW at time (t): 2100

Reactive Power: Apparent Power: P(dc) = 1058 W 0.0005 Qnew = P ( tan Ø1 - tan Ø2 ) 2000
1900
Qa = Pave (tan θ ) Sa = Vr x Ir P(min) = -129.5 W Pf(1) = 0.891 Ø1 = 27.01°
1800
Qa = (1058)(0.5097) Sa = (230)(5.1631) P(t) = 1.4826 kW Pf(2) = 0.95 Ø2 = 18.19° 1700

Qa = 539.3296 VAR Sa = 1.187 kVA P(ave) = (Va x Ia) (cos θ ) Qnew = 1058 Tan ( 27.01°- 18.19° ) 1600
1500
P(ave) = (230)(5.1631)(0.8909) Qnew = 1058 x ( 0.181 )
1400
Ir = (Vp / R) * (sin wt + 0° ) P(ave) = 1.058 kW Qnew = 191.58 VAR 1300

at (t) : 0.0050 1200


1100
Ir = (325.26 / 50) sin (314.15t - 0°) Resonant Frequency: Cr= Qr / (2πf) x ( V² ) Cos Ø1 = Pa/Sa Cos Ø2 = Pa/Sn

Qr = 839.78 VAR(Added)
1000
Ir = 5.815790 V Wr = 1 / √LC Cr = 0.839 / ( 314.15 x 230²) Sn = 1058 / Cos 18.19° 900
800
fr = 1 / (√LC) * w Cr = 5.0531E-08 Farad Sn = 1.1136 kVA(After)

Qa = 539.3296 VAR(Before)
45%
700
IL = (Vp / XL) * (sin wt + 90°) fr = 1 / (√LC) * 2π 600
at (t) : 0.0005 fr = 1 / √(150mH)(100μF) * 2π Cc= Qc / (2πf) x ( V² ) 500

fr = 41.0936 Hz Cc = 0.347 / ( 314.15 x 230²) 400 wt


IL = (325.26 / 47.123) sin (314.15t + 90°)
300
Cc = 2.0924E-08 Farad
Qc = 347. VAR(After)

IL = -6.89695 A 200
100
48%

Ic = (Vp / Xc) * (sin wt - 90°) Cn= Qn / (2πf) x ( V² ) 0


-1000.0000 0.0050 0.0100 0.0150 0.0200 0.0250 0.0300 0.0350 0.0400
at (t) : 0.0005 Cn = 0.191 / ( 314.15 x 230²)
-200
Ic = (325.26 / 31.830) sin (314.15t -90°) Cn = 1.1527E-08 Farad -300
P(ave) = 1.058 kW
Ic = -10.2105 A
Created By: Wilson (REE) Contact: engr_wilson@yahoo.com