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L'étendue de l'inconscient individuel, facteur de conflit collectif

Pour un matérialisme psychologique *

– Plan –

I- L’envie de pouvoir inconsciente, facteur de confrontations ..... p. 263


A. L’envie de pouvoir, naturelle mais condamnée ................................ p. 263
1. L’inévitable égocentrisme des êtres humains, rivaux entre eux ............ p. 263
2. L’idéalisation et la diabolisation du comportement individuel ............. p. 265
B. Le rôle des besoins matériels et symboliques
dans la naissance des conflits ............................................................ p. 266
1. L’incidence limitée des besoins matériels ............................................. p. 266
2. La prépondérance des besoins symboliques .......................................... p. 267
C. La prime à la mauvaise foi dans les groupes sociaux anonymes ...... p. 268
II- La difficulté de l’individu de se voir de façon réaliste ............. p. 269
A. La neutralisation du ressenti ............................................................. p. 269
1. La nécessaire socialisation, facteur de refoulement ............................... p. 270
2. L’externalisation des facettes désagréables du soi et
le rôle de la morale ................................................................................ p. 270
B. Le possible dénouement de la tension interne ................................... p. 271
1. La nécessité d’un “travail sur soi” pour accéder à l’inconscient ......... p. 271
2. Le passage à l’acte comme ersatz de thérapie .................................. p. 272

III- L’individualisation – exacerbation des dynamiques


néfastes, mais possibilités accrues de prise de conscience ...... p. 273
A. L’alourdissement des obligations individuelles de performance ...... p. 273
1. De l’impuissance narcissique de jadis
à l’illusion moderne de toute-puissance ................................................ p. 274
2. La frénésie pathologique des élites occidentales ................................... p. 275
B. L’augmentation des frustrations individuelles .................................. p. 276
1. Le clivage croissant entre faculté et besoin affectifs ............................. p. 276
2. La culpabilisation de l’individu moderne .............................................. p. 277
3. L’illusion du libre arbitre, favorisant les hostilités ................................ p. 277
C. La division croissante du travail, facteur de rationalisation
émotionnelle ...................................................................................... p. 278
1. La domination des moyens sur les buts ................................................. p. 278
2. La fabrication de l’indifférence à l’égard d’autrui ................................. p. 278
D. La portée incertaine des prises de conscience individuelles ............. p. 279

Bibliographie personnelle (articles voisins de l’auteur) ................ p. 279

* Dans Marie-Claire Caloz-Tschopp (dir.), Colère, courage et création politique (7 vol.), vol. 3 : La colère, une
passion politique ?, L’Harmattan : Paris 2011, p. 261 à 280.
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