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Circle of Fifths

OF FIFTHS
The Circle of Fifths is a graphical
representation of major and MAJOR
minor key signatures and their
C
THE CIRCLE OF FIFTHS IS A GRAPHICAL
REPRESENTATION OF MAJOR AND MINOR KEY
relationships to
SIGNATURES ANDeach other.
THEIR RELATIONSHIPS

F G
TO EACH OTHER.

B minor
a D
d e
g b

E c f A
f c
b /a g
e/d
A E
MOVING CLOCKWISE AROUND

D/C B
THE CIRCLE, EACH KEY (OR
IN THIS CASE, EACH COLOR)
IS AN ASCENDING FIFTH FROM
THE PREVIOUS KEY. MOVING

G/F
COUNTER-CLOCKWISE, EACH
KEY IS AN ASCENDING FOURTH

Choose your clef


FROM THE PREVIOUS KEY.

CHOOSE YOUR CLEF


MAJOR C G D A E B G /F D /C A E B F

minor a e b f c g e /d b /a f c g d
TREBLE
ALTO
BASS

THE BASICS
Oboe

Symphonic Warm-ups John McAllister


Long Tones 1 q = 100
4w w ∑ w bw ∑ w w ∑ w
&4

11
w w w U
& bw ∑ w ∑ w ∑ bw

21 b Long
w Tonesw2 bw bw bw w
& ∑ ∑ ∑

30 bw bw bw
bw w U
& ∑ ∑ bw

38 Long Tones 3
(Low)
& bw w ∑ bw bw ∑ bw w ∑ bw bw

49 Flexibility 1
U b˙ b˙ ˙ ˙
& ∑ bw w b˙ b˙ ∑ ˙ ˙ ∑

58
#˙ b˙ ˙ ˙ #˙ b˙
& #˙ b˙ ∑ ˙ ˙ ∑ #˙ b˙ ∑
G# = Ab F# = Gb

67 Flexibility 2
˙ ˙ U b œ œ œ œ œb˙
& ˙ ˙ bœ œ œ œ œ bœ œ ∑ œ œ#œ œ œ œ œ œ
T T T

73
œ #œ ˙ bœ bœ œ b ˙
& œ #œ ∑ bœ bœ œ bœ œ œ œ bœ œ ∑
Copyright 2015 © John McAllister
All Rights Reserved
2 Oboe

78 Flexibility 3
#œ ˙ œ œ œbœ œ
& œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ bœ œ œb œ œ œ œ bœ œ œb œ œ œ œ œ Œ bœ œœœœ
opt. 8va
83
œ
& b˙ ™ Œ œ œ#œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ#œ œ œ œ œ œ œ Œ œ œ œ œ#œ œ œ ˙™ Œ bœbœ œbœbœ œ œ œ
opt. 8va opt. 8va

89
bœ b œ bœ œ
& bœ bœ œ bœ œ œ œ œ Œ bœ œ œ œ œ b˙ ™ Œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ
opt. 8va
93
œ œ
& œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ
œ
Œ œ œ œ œ œ ˙™ Œ

Articulation 1 Articulation 2
96
(on scale)
œ œ œ œ ˙ (on scale)
œ œ œ œ œ œ ˙
& Ó Ó

100 Articulation 3
œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œœœœœœœœœœœœœœœœ w
&
3 3 3 3

105 Art. Exercise - . . . .


-œ œ. ˙ œ. œ. œ. œ. œ. >œ Œ -œ b œ ˙ -œ
Œ
>œ > >˙
œ œ. -œ -œ >œ b œ œ œ œ œ^ œ^
&

112 Chorale 1 q = 72 U
>˙ ™ b œ œ œ ˙™ œ œ œ U
˙ œ ˙ œ ˙™ œ ˙ ˙™
Πb 43 b 44
&

121 Chorale 2 ˙ œ œ ˙
4˙ ˙ ˙™ ˙ ˙ ˙™ œ œ œ œ ˙ ˙ ˙
& b4 Œ Œ

129 Chorale 3
˙ ˙ U
w bb ˙ œ œ ˙ ˙ œ ˙ œ ˙ U
˙ œ œ œ œ
&b
j
136
b œ œ œ œ œ˙ œ œ œ™
˙ œ œœ œœ ˙˙ œ˙ œ œ œ
œ œ ˙˙ ˙˙ U
w
w
&b
Concert Pitch Transposition Chart

Concert Pitch: C C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B
Db Eb Gb Ab Bb
Concert Pitch Instruments C C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B
Transposition: no change
Piccolo, Flute Db Eb Gb Ab Bb
Oboe, Bassoon
Trombone, Baritone B.C., Tuba
Mallet Percussion

Bb Instruments D D# E F F# G G# A A# B C C#
Transposition: up a major 2nd
Clarinet, Bass Clarinet Eb Gb Ab Bb Db
Soprano Saxophone
Tenor Saxophone
Trumpet, Baritone T.C.

Eb Instruments A A# B C C# D D# E F F# G G#
Transposition: down a minor 3rd
Soprano Clarinet Bb Db Eb Gb Ab
Alto Clarinet
Alto Saxophone
Baritone Saxophone

F Instruments G G# A A# B C C# D D# E F F#
Transposition: up a perfect 5th
English Horn Ab Bb Db Eb Gb
French Horn

G Instruments F F# G G# A A# B C C# D D# E
Transposition: up a perfect 4th
Alto Flute Gb Ab Bb Db Eb
+
Oboe
  The reed is extremely influential on oboe intonation.

  Reed pulled out = flatter, pushed in = sharper

  Good oboists make their own reeds to play at A = 440 with the reed pushed all the way
in.  It harms response to pull the reed out because of the "bubble" created in the
receiving tube.

  Temperature:  cold = flat, hot = sharp

  Reed strength:  hard reed = sharp, soft reed = flat

  Older reeds that have been played for an extended period of time tend to go sharp
because they begin to close.

  Embouchure:  (sometimes directly related to reed strength) loose embouchure = flat,


pinched embouchure = sharp

  Range:  Generally lower register tends toward flatness, but the upper register can go
either way depending on the reed and player.  An experienced player tends toward
sharpness in the upper register.

  Dynamic level:  Loud = flat, soft = sharp but not as predictable in this factor as
clarinet/sax.  It depends mostly on the reed, more so than single reed
instruments.
Slowly ( )

2 3 4

5 6 7 8 9

10 11 12 13

14 15 16 17

Slowly ( )

2 3

4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12

13 14 15 16
Expressively ( )

2 3 4 5

6 7 8 9

10 13 14 15

16 18 19

24 25 26 27

28 29 30 31

32 33 34 35 36