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ACES TAGUM

COLLEGE
Pioneer Avenue, Mankilam

SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL


First Semester S.Y. 2020-2021

MODULE 1
COMPUTER SYSTEMS SERVICING NCII-
3

Name: _______________________________ Date :__________


Grade/Section: ________________________ Week
:__________
Track/Strand:__________________________
Tra_ Set-Up Computer Networks – set-up user access-
Lesson 1 Introduction to server computing

WHAT IS THIS ALL ABOUT?

The unit of competency “Set-Up Computer Networks” contains knowledge,


skills and attitudes required for a Computer Systems Servicing NC II course.

If you have questions, don’t hesitate to ask your teacher for


assistance.

You may already have some of the knowledge and skills covered in
this module because you have:
o been working for some time
o already have completed training in this area.

After completing this module ask your teacher to assess your


competency. Result of your assessment will be recorded in your competency
profile. All the learning activities are designed for you to complete at your
own pace.

Inside this module you will find the activities for you to complete
followed by relevant information sheets for each learning outcome. Each
learning outcome may have more than one learning activity.

WHAT DO YOU EXPECT TO LEARN?

Content Standard:
The learners demonstrate understanding of the:
1. Introduction to server computing
2. Active Directory

Performance Standard:
The learners should be able to:
1. Identify types of windows server
2. Identify type server

Objectives:
After the lesson, the learners should be able to:
1. Elaborate the concepts of server computing
2. Determine the typical types of server
3. Explain the difference between server computer vs workstation (client)
Introduction to server computing

“Cannot establish connection


to server” message of
hopelessness for those who are
uploading files online, posting
photos on Facebook,
downloading torrent file from
peer network, and streaming
videos online. But what is this
message all about? What is the
server that this message
referring to, or in other hand,
what is server?

Server
It is a physical computer that
provide services to all client
computers connected to it,
allowing them (client computer)
to access available information
or resources.
An entity in the client/server
programming model, where the
server is a software or a
program, running on one or
multiple
computers, that manages resources and services of the network, while handling
requests from different computers to access said resources.

In short, server is a software or hardware that gives services to other hardware and
software entity.

1 TYPICAL TYPES OF SERVER

 Web Servers
The internet is based on web servers that respond to requests from clients such as web
browsers.
 Application Server
A server that provides services to applications such as a mobile app. For example, a
weather app on your phone might contact to a server for weather data.
 Communications Server
Servers that provide clients with network connectivity and other communications such as
voice. For example, a telecommunications device that provides 3G or WiFi to phones and
other clients.
 Name Servers
Servers that look up addresses such as mapping a domain name to an IP. This is basic
infrastructure for networks such as the internet.
 Directory Service
Servers that look up resources on a network such as users, groups and devices. Acts as
infrastructure that is essential to network security such as authenticating users.
 API
A server that implements functionality for other software by offering an API.
 Database Server
Provides access to a database.
 File Server
Provides access to files.
 Game Server
Servers that implement games or services for a game such as social elements of
gameplay.
 Media Server
Delivers media such as streaming video or audio.
 Proxy Server
Acts as an intermediary between clients and servers to implement functions
such as security, monitoring or anonymization.
 System Services
A system is software that performs automation, calculations and other functions
that aren't directly used by people. They are often implemented with a service that
run on servers such as microservices.

Advantage of using server computer

 Servers contain more powerful processors than a desktop computer. They


support multiple processors, multiple cores and multiple threads. So, a lot of
virtual machines can reside in a single server without any compromise in
performance.
 Servers support advanced RAM technologies like DDR4 SDRAM that is scalable,
gives a better performance and more secure.
 have a higher storage capacity as multiple disks can be inserted into them.
 Servers are manufactured and optimized for 24 x 7 operation, while desktops
are not.
 built to support multiple user applications and multiple user access. Desktops
generally support single users.
 have multiple Network Interface Cards and support technologies like Adapter
teaming and link aggregation. So, multiple interfaces can be bonded together to
achieve a higher throughput and traffic can fail-over to adjacent adapters.
 Graphical capabilities of servers are generally very basic as they are not
expected to give graphical outputs themselves but servers are optimized
for multi-user applications like database access.
 support hot-swappable hard disks.
 Servers are mostly rack-mountable. They are compact (1U/2U) in size and
hence don’t take up much space (unlike the tower-based desktop CPU’s). Since
servers are rack mountable, they can take advantage of structured cabling.
 maintained by a system administrator from a central location (like a data
center). So, it is easier to apply security policies to the server and back-up all
critical data. With individual desktops, these things are up to the users.

2 Server vs. Workstation


A server is an application or device that performs service for connected clients as part of
client server architecture. A workstation is a personal computer that is used for high end
applications such as graphic design, video editing, CAD, 3-D design, or other CPU and
RAM intensive programs.

Server operating system


or server OS, is advanced operating system specifically designed to run on server sides,
which is specialized computers that operates within a client/server architecture to serve
the requests of connected client computers on the network. In today’s cloud computing
world, a variety of server operating system alternatives available for clients and
companies.

 Windows Server is a server operating system developed by Microsoft, as a part


of the Windows Network family, which is getting developed concurrently with
Windows 10 OS.

 Red Hat Enterprise Linux is a popular Linux distribution OS developed by Red


Hat and targets toward the commercial computer market. Red Hat Enterprise
Linux a world’s leading multinational software company based in America. It
provides open source software solutions and products to various enterprises and
communities around the world and deals in Linux Enterprise after payment and
Fedora for free to its users.

 Ubuntu OS is a popular open source operating system for computers, laptops,


tablets, phones and cloud computing. This Linux-based OS is designed to work on
multi-platform that can run everywhere from the Desktop PCs, the smart-
phones, and the tablet to the server and the cloud environment. It is said to be
secure, fast and economically scalable, it helps make the most of infrastructure.
Whether to deploy a cloud or a web farm, Ubuntu Server supports the most
popular hardware and software.
 CentOS is another Linux distribution that attempts to provide a free,
enterprise-class, community-supported computing platform functionally
compatible with its upstream source, Red Hat Enterprise Linux. A community
enterprise OS, that is a free rebuild of open source packages from the popular
Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

 SUSE OS is a Linux-based computer operating system. It is built on top of the


open source Linux kernel and is distributed with system and application software
from other open source projects. This premier Linux operating system built for
the enterprises, works perfectly on a variety of hardware platforms. It is a
leading server operating system by SUSE. It is designed for servers, mainframes,
and workstations but can be installed on desktop computers for personal and as
well as testing purpose.

 Oracle Linux Server is an open, cloud-ready infrastructure, that can be used


throughout Oracle Cloud and Oracle engineered systems, Oracle Linux Server is a
proven operating system that is available in the cloud, on premises, or as an
embedded system. Oracle Linux server is designed to provide the reliability,
scalability, security, and performance for demanding enterprise workloads. It is
built for enterprise-level experience.
Multiple Choice
1. Server that provides clients with network connectivity and other communications
such as voice. For example, a telecommunications device that provides 3G or WiFi to
phones and other clients.
a. Communications server
b. Name Server
c. Proxy server
d. Media server
2. Delivers media such as streaming video or audio.
a. Communications server
b. Name Server
c. Proxy server
d. Media server

3. A server that implements functionality for other software by offering an API.


a. Proxy server
b. File server
c. API server
d. Media Server
4. Servers that provide clients with network connectivity and other communications
such as voice.
a. Proxy server
b. File server
c. API server
d. Communication Server
5. Servers that implement games or services for a game such as social elements of
gameplay.
a. Proxy server
b. Game server
c. API server
Communication Server

6. Acts as an intermediary between clients and servers to implement functions such as


security, monitoring or anonymization.
a. Proxy server
b. System server
c. Communication Server
d. Directory Services
7. server that provides services to applications such as a mobile app. For example, a
weather app on your phone might contact to a server for weather data.
a. Proxy server
b. Application server
c. Communication Server
d. Directory Services
8. A server that provides access to files.
a. File server
b. Application server
c. Communication Server
d. Directory Services
9. is a popular Linux distribution OS developed by Red Hat and targets toward the
commercial computer market.
a. Ubuntu OS
b. CentOS
c. Windows Server
d. Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10. It is a server operating system developed by Microsoft
a. Windows Server
b. CentOS
c. Windows Server
d. Red Hat Enterprise Linux
FEEDBACK

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.
Set-Up Computer Networks – set-up user access-
Lesson 2
Active Directory

After reading this students must be able to:

 Define briefly what Active Directory is,


 Describe what three primary types of objects that active directory provides.
 Describe what happens when you login in to active directory network.
 Define what domain controller is.
 Describe forest.
 Describe a domain.
 Define briefly what a server role is.
 Install active directory.

INTRODUCTION
In Windows NT, administrators were introduced to the concept of domains. Active
Directory Domain Services (AD DS) builds on that concept by creating a dynamic,
easily accessible structure through which directory and management information can
be stored and accessed centrally throughout an organization. By using AD DS, you
create a structure for managing your equipment and the people who use that
equipment, which is a helpful feature for all but the smallest of operations.
By using Active Directory as a whole, you have access to several management tools,
including Group Policy (GP), the ability to put groups inside groups multiple times, and
an online directory of users, computers, printers, and contacts that you can access
easily through the Windows user interface. Although you certainly can’t operate a
Windows-based network without Active Directory deployed.

In this information sheet, you are able to configure and install active directory.

What is Active Directory and Why Should I care?


Active Directory is the brain of a Window Server Network.
It is a database that keeps track of a huge amount of stuff and gives us a centralized
way to manage all our network machine, users, and resources.
Type of that active directory provides

 Users and groups


 Services (i.e. Email, etc.)
 Resources (Printer, Shared Folders, etc.)

These items are objects in the active directory database.


As a matter of fact, every time you login in to a corporate network, you’re using
an Active Directory.

What is Domain Controller?

 A domain controller is a machine that runs Active Directory Services.


 Think of it as a boss of your network.
 You may have multiple domain controller that all have copies of the same
active directory database.
 Changes may made into one database to domain controllers talk back in
fort. They share changes that what they receive in a process called
replication.


 What is Domain?

 It is a logical group of computers that share a central directory database. The


machine is all named with part of domain name like itsmeismael.com (also
called a “suffix”) and registered in the active directory database so they can be
managed.
 Forest is comprised of all the domains in your enterprise. Your forest may only one
domain.

Users are also part of “namespace”.


Example: Your email address is a part of domain namespace.
info@itsmeismael.com
Note: Email-like logins are also called “User Principle Names” when used to log into a
Server 2008 R2 network.
What is Server Role?
Server role is a major job that a server can
perform. It’s recommended that a server not have
too many roles A domain controller usually has
only two roles:
a. Active directory domain services
b. Domain name services

If you are trying to create some other roles, you can use another domain controller to
prevent over population of roles in a single domain controller that may cause less
productivity.
Domain Name Service

 It is a service provided by a server that allows you to find other


computers in your network
 Allows you to type a friendly name of a machine instead of its IP address,
allowing your client to get the IP address from the DNS server and go find
the resources.

INSTALLATION
1. Open Server Manager and click on roles, this will bring up the Roles
Summary on the right side where you can click on the Add Roles link.

Figure 1: Selecting role in Server Manager

2. Select server role. Check Active Directory Domain Services then click
install (see Figure 1.1) from the list, you will be told that you need to add
some features, click on the Add Required Features (see Figure 2.2) button
and click next to move on.
Figure 2.2: Add features requirements
3. A brief introduction to Active Directory will be displayed as well as a few
links to additional resources, you can just click next to skip past here and
click install to start installing the binaries for Active Directory.

Figure 3: Confirm installation

4. When the installation is finished you will be shown a message of


successful configuration, just click Close.
Figure 1.5 Installation Result

CONFIGURATION
1. Open Server Manager, expand Roles (click +) and click on Active Directory
Domain Services. On the right side click on the Run the Active Directory
Domain Services Installation Wizard (dcpromo.exe) link that show in
Figure 1.6a or you can use an alternative method shows in Figure 1.6b.

Figure 1.6a Setting up active directory domain services


Figure 1.6b Using dcpromo.exe

2. It will show another wizard, this time to configure the settings for your
domain, click next to continue.

Figure 1.7 Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard


3. The message that is shown now relates to older clients that do not support
the new cryptographic algorithms supported by Server 2008 R2, these are
used by default in Server 2008 R2, click next to move on.

Figure 1.8 Operating System Compatibility


4. Choose to create a new domain in a new forest.

Figure 1.9 Deployment Configuration

5. Now you can name your domain, in this lesson, I will be using a .com suffix
Figure 1.10 Naming the forest root domain

6. Change forest functional level to Server 2008 R2.


Figure 1.11 Set forest functional level

7. Include DNS in our installation as this will allow us to have an AD Integrated


DNS Zone, when you click next you will be prompted with a message just
click yes to continue.

Figure 1.12 Additional domain controller options

8. A delegation for this DNS server cannot be created because the


authoritative parent zone cannot be found or it does not run Windows DNS
server. If you are integrating with an existing DNS infrastructure, you should
manually create a delegation to this DNS server in the parent zone to ensure
reliable name resolution from outside the domain “itsmeismael.com”.
Otherwise, no action is required.

If you are installing a forest root domain controller that is using Active
Directory-integrated DNS, you typically do not need to be concerned about
this warning message.
Figure 1.13 A warning message for active directory domain service installation

9. You will need to choose a place to store log files, it is a best practice to
store the database and SYSVOL folder on one drive and the log files on a
separate drive, but since this is in a lab environment, just leave them all on
the same drive.
Figure 1.14 Location for database, Log Files, and SYSVOL

1. Assign password for Administrator account that will be used when this
domain controller is started in Directory Service Restore Mode.

Choose a STRONG Active Directory Restore Mode Password and click next twice to
continue the configuration.

Figure 1.15 Directory Services Restore Mode Administrator’s Password

10. Review the summary of the configure services


Review Summary

11. You will be able to see what components are being installed by looking in
the following box. If the reboot on completion check box was not checked
you will proceed to manual reboot shows in Figure 1.16b

Figure 1.16a Completing active directory domain services


Figure 1.16b Completing the Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard

TASK SHEET

Title: Install active directory

Performance Objective: Given are the following materials, you should


be able to install active directory. Allotted time 30 minutes.

Supplies/Materials :

Equipment : Computer with Windows Server 2008 R2

Prerequisites:
Steps/Procedure:

1. Install active directory


2. Prepare for installation
3. Create domain name and password
Where 32
Domain name = css.com
Password = _admin@123
4. Specify the preferred DNS server
5. Add the Active Directory Domain Services role
6. Install active directory domain services
Assessment Method:
Demonstration, Observation

Performance Criteria Checklist

Trainee’s Name: Date:


During the performance of the task, did you consider the following criteria?

Grade Point
Equivalent
NO
Highest
CRITERIA YES Possible Score
=5
Lowest Possible
Score = 0
Did the trainee…
1. Installed and configured active
directory correctly.
2. Used proper domain name
suffix
3. Applied and Performed
occupational health safety
procedures
4. Performed and followed
completely the given tasks?
Total Points

Total Items

Signature of the Trainee/Learner

Signature of the Trainer

TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

Active Directory - is the brain of a Window Server Network. It is a database


that keeps track of a huge amount of stuff and gives us a centralized way to
manage all our network machine, users, and resources.
Domain controller is a machine that runs Active Directory Services.
Domain is a logical group of computers that share a central directory
database. The machine is all named with part of domain name like
itsmeismael.com (also called a “suffix”) and registered in the active directory
database so they can be managed.
Forest is comprised of all the domains in your enterprise. Your forest may only
one domain.
Server role is a major job that a server can perform.
Domain Name Service is a service provided by a server that allows you to
find other computers in your network
REFERENCES

https://www.howtogeek.com/99323/installing-active-directory-on-server-2008- r2/

https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/activedirectoryua/2011/07/07/a-
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parent-zone-cannot-be-found-or-it-does-not-run-windows-dns-server/
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Empty
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