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MUSCLE ORIGIN INSERTION ACTION INNERVATION BLOOD SUPPLY

occipital prot, inion lat 1/3 clav


sup nuchal line spine on scap elevate, rotate, retract superior branch of
trapezius spinous proc acrom proc scapula accessory CN XI trans cervical artery

thoraco lumbar fascia intertubercule sulcus extend, adduct, med


latissimus dorsi illiac crest of humerus rotate humerus thoracodorsal C6-C8 thoracodorsal artery

medial of scap
rhomboid major spinous proc (inferior to spine) retratct scap dorsal scapular C5 dorsal scap artery

medial of scap
rhomboid minor lig nuchae (at the spine) retratct scap dorsal scapular C5 dorsal scap artery

medial of scap C3-C4


levator scapulae cervical trans proc (superior to spine) elevate scap dorsal scapular C5 dorsal scap artery

superior border of
serratus post superior C7-T3 spinous proc 2nd, 4th, 5th rib respiration ventral 1o rami segmentally

inferior border of
serratus post inferior T11-L2 spinous proc inferior 3rd, 4th rib respiration ventral 1o rami segmentally

erector spinae
lumborum
thoracis
illiocostalis cervicis dorsal 1o rami
thoracis
cervicis
longissimus capitus dorsal 1o rami
thoracis
cervicis
spinalus capitus dorsal 1o rami

T1-T6 nuchal line


splenis capitus lig nuchae mastoid process

T1-T6
splenis cervicus lig nuchae C1-C4
MUSCLE ORIGIN INSERTION ACTION INNERVATION BLOOD SUPPLY

rectus capitus major nuchal line C2 sub occipital (C1)

rectus capitus minor nuchal line C1 sub occipital (C1)

superior oblique nuchal line C1 sub occipital (C1)

inferior oblique C2 C1 sub occipital (C1)


rotator longus
transversospinalis rotator brevis
musc. in cord semispinalis multifudus levator costalis
spine of scap abduct, extend,
acromion lat rotate post humoral
deltoid lat 1/3 of clavicle deltoid tuberosity arm axillary (C5, C6) circumflex artery

teres minor lateral border of scap greater tubercle hum lateral rotation axillary (C5, C6)

medial lip of adducts, medially rot lower subscapular


teres major inf angle of scap intertubercule groove arm (C5-C6)

long head of triceps b infraglenoid tubercle olecranon proc of ulna extend forearm radial (C5-T1) profunda brachii

suprascapular (C5
infraspinatus inf spinatus fossa greater tubercle hum lateral rotation -C6) suprascapular artery

initiates abduction of suprascapular (C5


supraspinitus sup spinatus fossa greater tubercle hum arm -C6) suprascapular artery

upper and lower


subscapularis subscapular fossa lesser tubercle of hum medially rotate subscapular (C5-C6)
MUSCLE ORIGIN INSERTION ACTION INNERVATION BLOOD SUPPLY
pectoral branch of
pectoralis major lateral lip of bicipatal lateral pectoral (C5- thoracoacromial
clavicular head medial 1/3 of clavicle groove of humerus flexes arm C7) artery
pectoral branch of
pectoralis major sternum lateral lip of bicipatal medial pectoral (C8- thoracoacromial
sternocostal head ribs 2-6 groove of humerus extends arm T1) artery
pectoral branch of
coracoid process of medial pectoral (C8- thoracoacromial
pectoralis minor ribs 3-5 scap stabilizes scapula T1) artery

inf surface of medial pull acromion nerve to the


subclavius 1st rib 1/2 of clavicle anteriorly subclavius (C5-C6)

anterir surface of long thoracic nerve


serratus anterior upper 8 ribs scapula (C5-C7) lateral thoracic

musculocutaneous
coracobrachialis coracoid humerus flex, adduct arm (C5-C7)

musculocutaneous
brachiallis humerus ulna flex forearm (C5-C7)

radial tuberosity, musculocutaneous


short head of biceps b coracoid bicipital aponeurosis flex, supinate forearm (C5-C7)

radial tuberosity, musculocutaneous


long head of biceps b supraglenoid tubercle bicipital aponeurosis flex, supinate forearm (C5-C7)

lateral head of triceps b humerus olecranon of ulna extend forearm radial (C5-T1) profunda brachii

medial head of triceps b humerus olecranon of ulna extend forearm radial (C5-T1) profunda brachii

anconeous humerus ulna extend forearm radial (C5-T1) profunda brachii


MUSCLE ORIGIN INSERTION ACTION INNERVATION BLOOD SUPPLY

brachioradialis humerus radius flex, supinate forearm radial (C5-T1)

base of 2nd
flexor carpi radialis medial epicondyle metacarpal flex, abduct hand median (C5-T1)

flexor retinaculum, flex hand, tighten


palmaris longus medial epicondyle palmar aponeurosis palmam aponeurosis median (C5-T1)
flex proximal
flexor digitorum common flexor base of middle interphalangeal joint
superficialis tendon, ulna, radius phalynx (PIP) median (C5-T1)
flex distal anterior interosseous
flexor digitorum ulna, interosseous interpharyngeal joint 1/2 median (C5-T1)
profundus membrane base of distal phalynx (DIP) 1/2 ulnar (C8-T1)

pisiform, hamate, 5th


flexor carpi ulnaris ulna metacarpal flex wrist ulnar (C8-T1)

pronate arm, flex


pronator teres ulna middle lateral of radius elbow median (C5-T1)

anterior interosseous anterior


pronator quadratus ulna radius pronate arm from median (C5-T1) interosseous

medial aspect of fascia over


palmaris brevis palmar aponeurosis hypothenar muscles wrinkle palm

radius, interosseous distal phalynx of anterior interosseous


flexor polloicis longus membrane thumb flex distal tumb from median (C5-T1)

scaphoid, flexor lateral side of proximal abducts thumb, helps recurrent branch of
abductor pollicis brevis retinaculum phalynx opposition median (C5-T1)

trapezium, flexor length of 1st recurrent branch of


opponens pollicis retinaculum metacarpal opposes thumb median (C5-T1)
MUSCLE ORIGIN INSERTION ACTION INNERVATION BLOOD SUPPLY

trapezium, flexor base of proximal recurrent branch of


flexor pollicis brevis retinaculum phalynx flexes thumb median (C5-T1)

medial side of deep branch of ulnar


abductor digiti minimi pisiform proximal phalynx abducts 5th (C8-T1)

hook of hamate, flexor base of proximal deep branch of ulnar


flexor digiti minimi retinaculum phalynx flexes 5th (C8-T1)

hook of hamate, flexor length of 5th deep branch of ulnar


opponens digiti minimi retinaculum metacarpal opposes 5th (C8-T1)
radial side of tendon
of flexor digitorum 1-2 median (C5-T1)
lumbrical superficialis extension expansion flex m/p joint 3-4 ulnar (C8-T1)
base of proximal
phalynx and extensor
palmar interosseous metacarpal 2, 4, 5 expansion adduct fingers ulnar (C8-T1)

proximal phalynx of
adductor pollicis oblique metacarpal 2, 3 thumb adduct thumb ulnar (C8-T1)

adductor polliicis palmar of 3rd


transverse metacarpal ulnar (C8-T1)

extensor carpi radialis base of 2nd


longus supracondular ridge metacarpal extend, abduct hand radial (C5-T1)

extensor carpi radialis base of 3rd deep branch of radial


brevis lateral epicondyle metacarpal extend, abduct hand (C5-T1)

posterior
extensor digitorum lateral epicondyle extensor expansion extend digits interosseous (C5-T1)

posterior
extensor digiti minimi lateral epicondyle extensor expansion extend 5th interosseous (C5-T1)
MUSCLE ORIGIN INSERTION ACTION INNERVATION BLOOD SUPPLY

posterior
extensor carpi ulnaris lateral epicondyle base of 5th extend, adduct hand interosseous (C5-T1)

deep branch of radial


supinator humerus, ulna radius supinate forearm (C5-T1)

ulna, interosseous extensor expansion of posterior


extensor indicis membrane 2nd extend 2nd interosseous (C5-T1)
base of proximal
phalynx and extensor deep branch of ulnar
dorsal interosseous expansion abduct fingers (C8-T1)

radius, interosseous base of 1st posterior


abductor pollicis longus membrane metacarpal abduct, extend thumb interosseous (C5-T1)

radius, interosseous proximal phalynx of posterior


extensor pollicis brevis membrane thumb extend thumb interosseous (C5-T1)

ulna, interosseous distal phalynx of posterior


extensor pollicis longus membrane thumb extend tip of thumb interosseous (C5-T1)
MUSCLE ORIGIN INSERTION ACTION INNERVATION BLOOD SUPPLY

nerve to lev ani


pubococcygeus (lev ani) pubis coccyx main part of lev ani (S3-S4)

nerve to lev ani


puborectalis (lev ani) pubis fuses with pc u shaped sling (S3-S4)

tendinous arch, ischial coccyx, anococcygeal nerve to lev ani


iliococcygeus spine lig thinnest (S3-S4)

nerve to lev ani


coccygeus ischial spine sacrum, coccyx raises pelvic floor (S3-S4)

inf branches of
sphincter ani externus closes anus pudendal n. (S2-S4)

cremaster raises testes genitofemoral (L1-L2)


semimembranosus,
semitendinosus, lh
biceps, add magnus tibial (L4-S3)

posterior leg, knee, sole


of foot tibial (L4-S3)

quadratus femoris,
inferior gemellus, hip n to qf and ig (L4-S1)

obturator internus, n to oi and sg


superior gemellus (L5-S2)

levator ani, coccygeus n to la and c (S3-S4)

common fibular
short head bicep fem (L4-S2)
MUSCLE ORIGIN INSERTION ACTION INNERVATION BLOOD SUPPLY

lateral leg, dorsum of superficial branch of


foot fibular

anterior leg, skin 1-2


toes deep branch of fibular
gluteus medius, gluteus
minimus, tensor fascia superior gluteal
lata, hip (L4-S1)

illiac crest, sacrum, extend, laterally inferior gluteal


gluteus maximus sacrotuberus ligament gluteal tuberosity rotate, adduct hip (L5-S2) inferior gluteal

greater trochanter of n to piriformis


piriformis sacral vertebrae femur laterally rotate hip (S2-S3)

rectus femoris aiis, ilium patella flex hip, extend leg femoral (L2-L4)

vastus medialis medial linea aspera patella extend leg femoral (L2-L4)

vastus lateralis lateral linea aspera patella extend leg femoral (L2-L4)

vastus intermedius femoral shaft patella extend leg femoral (L2-L4)

illiacus illiac fossa lesser trochanter flex hip femoral (L2-L4)

psoas lumbar vertebrae lesser trochanter flex hip femoral (L2-L4)

abduct, flex, laterally


sartorius asis medial tibia rotate hip, flex knee femoral (L2-L4)
MUSCLE ORIGIN INSERTION ACTION INNERVATION BLOOD SUPPLY

abduct, flex, laterally superior gluteal superior gluteal,


tensor fascia lata asis iliotibial tract rotate hip (L4-S1) inferior gluteal
femoral (L2-L4)
anterior obturator
pectineus sup pubic ramus pectineal line of femur adduct, flex hip (L2-L4)

adduct, medially rotate anterior obturator


gracilis inf pubic ramus medial tibia hip, flex knee (L2-L4)

anterior obturator
adductor longus pubic body linea aspera adduct, flex hip (L2-L4)

anterior obturator
adductor brevis inf pubic ramus proximal linea aspera adduct, flex hip (L2-L4)
horiz - adduct hip
ischiopubic ramus, horiz - linea aspera vert - adduct, extend horiz - p obt (L2-L4)
adductor magnus ischial tuberosity vert - adductor tuber hip vert - tibial (L4-S3)
obturator membrane,
edge of obturator greater trochanter of posterior obturator
obturator externus foramen femur laterally rotate hip (L2-L4)

greater trochanter of abduct, medially rotate superior gluteal


gluteus medius ilium femur hip (L4-S1) superior gluteal

greater trochanter of abduct, medially rotate superior gluteal


gluteus minimus ilium femur hip (L4-S1) superior gluteal

greater trochanter of n to oi and sg


obturator internus internal of obt foramen femur laterally rotate hip (L5-S2) inferior gluteal

greater trochanter of n to oi and sg


superior gemellus ischial spine femur laterally rotate hip (L5-S2) inferior gluteal

greater trochanter of
inferior gemellus ischial tuberosity femur laterally rotate hip n to qf and ig (L4-S1) inferior gluteal
MUSCLE ORIGIN INSERTION ACTION INNERVATION BLOOD SUPPLY

quadratus femoris ischial tuberosity intertrochanteric crest laterally rotate hip n to qf and ig (L4-S1) inferior gluteal

semitendenosus ischial tuberosity below tibial tuberosity extend hip, flex knee tibial (L4-S3) profunda femoris

semimembranosus ischial tuberosity medial condyle of tibia extend hip, flex knee tibial (L4-S3) profunda femoris

biceps femoris long ischial tuberosity head of fibula extend hip, flex knee tibial (L4-S3) profunda femoris

common fibular
biceps femoris short femoral shaft head of fibula flex knee (L4-S2) profunda femoris

medial cuniform, 1st deep peroneal


tibialis anterior lateral tibia metatarsal dorsiflex, invert foot (L4-S2) anterior tibial

dorsiflex foot, extend deep peroneal


extensor hallucis longus middle fibula distal phalynx toe (L4-S2) anterior tibial

extensor digitorum dorsiflex foot, extend deep peroneal


longus superior fibula extensor expansions toes (L4-S2) anterior tibial

deep peroneal
fibularis tertius inferior fibula base of 5th metatarsal dorsiflex, evert foot (L4-S2) anterior tibial

medial cuniform, 1st superficial peroneal


fibularis longus superior fibula metatarsal plantarflex, evert foot (L4-S2) peroneal

tuberosity of 5th superficial peroneal


fibularis brevis inferior fibula metatarsal plantarflex, evert foot (L4-S2) peroneal

medial and lateral


gastrocnemius condyles of humerus calcaneus plantarflex foot tibial (L4-S3)
MUSCLE ORIGIN INSERTION ACTION INNERVATION BLOOD SUPPLY

horseshoe of tibia and


soleus fibula calcaneus plantarflex foot tibial (L4-S3)

lateral supracondylar
plantaris line of femur calcaneus plantarflex foot tibial (L4-S3)
lateral condyle of
femur and lateral
popliteus meniscus posterior tibia rotate tibia medially tibial (L4-S3)

flexor digitorum longus middle tibia distal phalanges plantarflex foot, toes tibial (L4-S3)
interosseous
membrane, tibia, navicular, cuneiform,
tibialis posterior fibula cuboid plantarflex, inverts foot tibial (L4-S3)

fibula, interosseous
flexor hallucis longus membrane distal phalynx plantarflex toe, foot tibial (L4-S3)

tendons of ext dig deep peroneal


extensor digitorum brevis calcaneus longus extends toes (L4-S2)

base of proximal deep peroneal


extensor hallucis brevis ext dig brevis phalynx extend big toe (L4-S2)

calcaneus and plantar medial plantar (L4-


abductor hallucis aponeurosis proximal phalynx abduct big toe S3)

calcaneus and plantar medial plantar (L4-


flexor digitorum brevis aponeurosis middle phalanges flex toes S3)

calcaneus and plantar proximal phalynx of medial plantar (L4-


abductor digit minimi aponeurosis 5th abduct little toe S3)

lateral plantar
quadratus plantae calcaneus lateral of flex dig long flex toes (L4-S3)
MUSCLE ORIGIN INSERTION ACTION INNERVATION BLOOD SUPPLY

tendons of flex dig flex prox phalages, 1st lateral plantar


lumbricals longus extensor expansions extend m, d phal 2-4 lateral plantar

cuboid, lateral medial plantar (L4-


flexor hallucis brevis cuneiform each side of big toe flex big toe S3)

lateral plantar
adductor hallucis oblique 2,3,4 metatarsals proximal phalynx adduct big toe (L4-S3)

adductor hallucis lateral plantar


transverse plantar ligaments proximal phalynx adduct big toe (L4-S3)

medial side, proximal lateral plantar


plantar interossei medial of 3, 4, 5 that digit adduct to 2nd toe (L4-S3)

proximal phalanges lateral plantar


dorsal interossei adjacet metatarsals 2-4 abduct away from 2nd (L4-S3)
NOTE

part of post axillary


fold

most superfical neck

lateral to capitus
NOTE

part of rotator cuff

part of post axillary


fold

part of rotator cuff

part of rotator cuff

part of rotator cuff


NOTE
NOTE
NOTE

medial to abductor
pollicis

deep palmar arch


between this and
oblique
NOTE
NOTE

most lateral

intermediate

medial

voluntary

greater sciatic,
anterior, hamstring

greater sciatic,
anterior

greater sciatic,
anterior

greater sciatic,
anterior

anterior

greater sciatic,
posterior
NOTE

posterior

posterior

greater sciatic,
posterior

greater sciatic,
posterior

greater sciatic,
posterior

post axial

post axial

post axial

post axial

post axial

post

post axial
NOTE

post axial

pre axial

pre axial

pre axial

pre axial
pre axial, adductor
hiatus between
heads

prevents opposite
pelvis drop

prevents opposite
pelvis drop
only one to enter
lesser sciatic
foramen
NOTE

part of ext digit


longus
NOTE

unlocks knee
NOTE

2 sesamoid bones in
tendons

like ulnar

like ulnar

PAD

DAB