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Diesel Hydrotreating
Diesel hydrotreating is a unique refining process. It is the only hydroprocess in which the feed
can change from mostly liquid to mostly vapor over the course of the catalyst cycle. The
feedstock boiling range also varies considerably as the end point specification on the product
diesel fuel varies considerably throughout the world. Generally, however, the feed is in the
204-371°C (400-700°F) range. The quality is dependent on whether kerosene is included and
the severity of upgrading units such as FCC or cokers which provide diesel boiling range
products. The operating conditions also vary widely as some designers utilise very low space
velocities, i.e, 1.0 or less to ensure maximum trickle flow. Generally though, the range is 1-4
LHSV with total pressures between 28-48 barg (400-700 psig). Higher pressure operations
approaching 62 barg (900 psig) will be used for some other low sulphur requirements.

Mandated diesel sulphur contents of less than 500 ppm and higher cetane quality are
emphasizing diesel boiling range hydrotreating as a refining area being given considerable
attention. CRITERION has developed two high performance CoMo catalysts, 448 and DC-130,
which perform exceptionally well in commercial hydrotreaters. Unique formulation and
manufacturing techniques have resulted in catalysts which operates in the liquid-vapor
physical change situation with minimal molecular degradation and associated colour problems.
They are being used in over 150 operations. In addition to these catalysts, CRITERION offers
444 and HDS-22 for units requiring less severe operations to achieve the product objective.

Marginal cetane improvement or smoke point improvement can be achieved by catalyst

selection to take advantage of the unit operation. In some instances, CRITERION NiMo
catalyst such as 424, 411, or DN-190 can be used. In other instances, the CRITERION NiW
catalyst, 354 can provide the needed catalytic impetus to the operation.

Aromatic saturation to achieve mandated aromatic levels in diesel fuels can be achieved with
SYN Technologies. These unique processes can operate with special type catalysts at low
pressures to easily achieve near total desulphurisation and 10-50% aromatics reduction. Up to
90% aromatics reductions can be achieved with SYNCat catalyst variations. SYNCats are
specifically designed products for the SYN Family of Technologies.

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All catalyst information supplied by CRITERION is considered accurate but is furnished with
the express understanding that the customer receiving such information shall make its own
assessments to determine suitability of such information for customer's particular purpose. All
purchases of catalyst from CRITERION are subject to CRITERION's standard terms and
conditions of sale (including CRITERION's product warranties) set forth in a sales proposal,
sales contract, order acknowledgement, and/or bill of lading.

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Telephone: (1) 281- 874-2600 Whiteley, Fareham
Telefax: (1) 281- 874-2641 Hampshire, PO15 7AH England
Telephone: (44) 1 489-881881
Telefax: (44) 1 489-881882

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Centre 104, Suite # 810 #07-03 Central Plaza
Edmonton, Alberta T6H 5G8 Singapore 168730
Telephone: (1) 780-438-4188 Telephone: (65) 6276-3627
Telefax: (1) 780-438-3473 Telefax: (65) 6276-7455

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Zabeel Area
Dubai, UAE
EMAIL: CriterionPublicAffairs@cri-criterion.com
Telephone: +971 4 4405 4640
Telefax: +971 4 4405 4656

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