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Pathophysiology of Cerebrovascular Disease (CVA)

Predisposing Precipitating
Factors Factors

Age and Gender Cigarette


Occupation Fat Intake
s

↓Blood Vessel Elasticity


Nicotine Physical Fat in the snacks
Activities

↓Blood Flow in the Body Hemorrhagic Formation of fat


lesion ↑ Stress emboli

↑ O2 demand
↑ Blood
Nicotine stays in basal ganglia Fat emboli joining
circulating in the
the circulation
↑ Cardiac body
Contractility Hypertensive
Hematomas ↑ O2 demand Fat emboli trap in
blood vessel
Hypertensive
Hematomas ↑ Cardiac
Contraction ↓Blood Flow

Blood
↓Oncotic Pressure ↑ Cardiac
Stasis
Contraction

↑ Blood flow in blood


Vessel
↑ Increase Blood
Pressure
Formation of Thrombus Formation Hydrostatic Pressure
abnormal protein Fat removes from
blood vessel

Amyloid Thrombus dislodges Fluid will shift to third


accumulation in the and joins circulation space
Plaque formation
arteries narrowing of blood
vessel
Amyloid Embolus formation Edema on the left side
Angiopathy of the body

Atherosclerosis
Occludes in the artery
Weakness arteries of the brain.

↓Blood Flow in the Brain


Hemorrhage ↓ O2 supply on right side of the
stroke brain
↓ O2 supply
Cerebrovascular Accident
(CVA)
Head Blood volume

Left sided Dizziness


Hemiparesis

↑RBC ↑HCT ↓HGB