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These statistics are the quantity of Urea Formaldehyde imported each year.

Year Quantity (ton/yr)


2008 15860
2009 25430
2010 35000

Thus we have forecasted the quantity imported in year 2010 and taken it as capacity of our plant.

Equations for Formaldehyde:

CH3OH + ½O2 → CH20 + H20 ∆H = -156 KJ


CH3OH → CH2O + H2 ∆H = 85 KJ

Equations for Urea Formaldehyde:

C(NH2)2=O + CH2O → O=C(NH2)2CH2O

Molecular Masses:

Urea Formaldehyde = 90 gm
Urea = 60 gm
Formaldehyde = 30 gm
Methanol = 32 gm
Oxygen = 32 gm

We are doing all the calculations in tons/month:


35000 tons/ year UF = 2916.67 tons/month UF

90 gm Urea Formaldehyde utilizes 60 gm Urea


1 ton/month Urea Formaldehyde utilizes 0.67 tons/month Urea
2916.67 tons/month Urea Formaldehyde utilizes
1944.44 tons/month Urea

Hence, 2916.67 tons/month UF utilizes 972.22 tons/month Formalin

Since Formalin is a 37.5% w/w solution of Formaldehyde

2916.67 tons/month UF utilizes 364.58 tons/month Formaldehyde

Statiometric requirement of Methanol:

1 mol Formaldehyde is produced by 1 mol Methanol


30 gm Formaldehyde is produced by 32 gm Methanol
1 ton/month Formaldehyde is produced by 1.07 tons/month Methanol
364.58 tons/month Formaldehyde is produced by
388.89 tons/month Methanol

Statiometric requirement of Oxygen:

2 mol Formaldehyde is produced by 0.5 mol Oxygen


60 gm Formaldehyde is produced by 16 gm Oxygen
1 ton/month Formaldehyde is produced by 0.27 tons/month Oxygen
364.58 tons/month Formaldehyde is produced by97.22 tons/month Oxygen
or
422.71 tons/month Air
s capacity of our plant.