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Bearing Types
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History of Inventions of
Rolling Element Bearings
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Primary Function of Bearings

• Transmit loads
• Reduce Friction
• Secondary roles
– Support the shaft
– Locate the shaft
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Bearing Loads
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How did a bearing evolve ?

* Invention of wheel
* Wheel rotates on axle
* Wear Plate + Rollers
* Inner ring + Outer ring
+ Rollers
* With introduction of
cage Rolling Bearing
was created
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Roller and Ball Raceway Contact


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Types of Rolling Elements


Spherical roller Spherical roller
Ball (symmetrical) (asymmetrical)

Cylindrical roller Taper roller

Needle roller
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Bearing Components
(Deep Groove Ball Bearing)

Seal Rolling Elements Inner Ring


Outer ring Cage Seal
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Characteristics
Ball bearings Point Contact :
Deep groove Angular Self-aligning
ball bearing contact ball bearing
ball bearing

* Less area of contact


* Less friction
* More speed
* Less load

Roller bearings
Cylindrical Taper Needle Spherical Line Contact :
roller roller roller roller
bearing bearing bearing bearing

* More area of contact


* More friction
* Less speed
* More load
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Bearing Loads
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Radial rolling bearings

Ball bearings Roller bearings


Deep groove Angular Self-aligning Cylindrical Taper Needle Spherical
ball bearing contact ball bearing roller roller roller roller
ball bearing bearing bearing bearing bearing
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Thrust bearings

Ball bearings Roller bearings


Angular Taper Spherical Cylindrical
Thrust Contact Roller Roller / Needle
ball bearing Ball Thrust Thrust Thrust Roller
bearing bearing bearing Thrust
bearing
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Bearing Terminology

Bore surface
O.D.

Bore

O.D. surface
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Bearing Terminology

Outer ring raceway


Outer ring land

Side faces

Inner ring land Inner ring raceway


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Ball and Roller Bearing Ranges

Ball bearings + Roller bearings


Deep groove Angular Self-aligning Cylindrical Taper Needle Spherical
contact
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Load Capabilities

Load carrying capacity


is expressed as the basic
dynamic load rating
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Relative Speed Limitations


r/min

Oil lubrication
speed rating

Grease lubrication
speed rating
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Bearing Contact Angle

Single Cylindrical Angular Taper Spherical


Row Roller Contact Roller Roller
Radial Loads Combined Loads
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Bearing Components
Cage Outer Ring

Rolling Element

Inner Ring
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Closures: Shields
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Non-Contact Seal

RZ
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Land Riding Lip Seal

RS1
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Rolling Bearings are Precision


Products
How much is a µ?

A
human
Normal Precision High precision hair
bearing bearing 1µ

0,06 mm
Standard P6 P6 P4A PA9A Tolerance
SP UP PA9B classes

0/-2,5 µm
0/-9 µm 0/-7 µm
0/-12 µm
0/-15 µm
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Precision Classes
Precision classes: US vis-a-vis Europe

ABEC ISO
1 Normal
3 P6
5 P5
7 P4
9 P9
– Generally, use bearings no more than one
precision class better than the precision of the
mating components
– Extra precision has no benefit if applied to poorly
made mating components
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Internal Clearances
Radial
clearance

Axial
clearance
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Bearing Basics
C1 - Less than C2 clearance
C2 - less than normal clearance (CN, C0) -
normal clearance (not generally
marked)
C3 - greater than normal clearance
(“standard”)
C4 - greater than C3 clearance
C5 - greater than C4 clearance
Example:
A 6210 /C3 Ball bearing has from 18 - 36
µm (microns) or 0.0007” - 0.0014” Radial
Internal Clearance