Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 14

QUARTER 3

Module 4
1
English – Grade 10

First Edition 2020

Republic Act 8293, Section 176 states that: No copyright shall subsist
in any work of the Government of the Philippines. However, prior approval of
the government agency or office wherein the work is created shall be
necessary for exploitation of such work for profit. Such agency or office may,
among other things, impose as a condition the payment of royalties.

Borrowed materials (i.e. songs, stories, poems, pictures, photos, brand


names, trademarks, etc.) included in this worksheet are owned by their
respective copyright holders. DepEd is represented by the Filipinas Copyright
Licensing Society (FILCOS), Inc. in seeking permission to use these
materials.

The publisher and authors do not represent nor claim ownership over them.
Only institutions and companies which have entered an agreement with
FILCOS and only within the agreed framework may copy from this Worksheet.
Those who have not entered the agreement with FILCOLS must, if they wish
to copy, contact publishers and authors directly. Authors and publishers may
email or contact FILCOLS at filcols@gmail.com or (02) 439-2204,
respectively.

Published by Department of Education

Secretary: Leonor Magtolis Briones

Undersecretary: Lorna Dig Dino

Development Team of the Module

Consultant and Editor:


Dr. Kyzil D. Lipar Ms. Barbra N. Villareal

Developer: Ana Mae D. Macaya

Layout Artist: Jerome N. Baylon

2
10
ENGLISH
QUARTER 3
Module 4: Critique a literary selection based on the
following approaches:
 Structuralist
 Moralist
 Marxist
 Feminist
 Historical
 Reader-response

This worksheet was collaboratively developed and


reviewed by educators from public and private schools,
colleges, and universities. We encourage teachers and
other education stakeholders to email their feedback,
comments and recommendations to the Department of
Education at action@deped.gov.ph

Republic of the Philippines


Department of Education

3
In this lesson, you will be reading a literary selection and critique it by
using different approaches such as structuralist, moralist, Marxist, feminist,
historical and reader-response.
As you accomplish this module, you will be able to develop a skill that
will help you assess and respond effectively to the things that is happening in
your day-to-day life.

Let’s Check your Knowledge:


Read the statement carefully and answer the following questions:
“Female teenagers are more concerned with their physical appearance than
male teenagers.”

1. Do you agree and believe with the statement after reading it?

2. Would you like to refute with this statement?

3. How will you react after reading this statement?

Upon successful completion of this module, learner must be able to:


 Critique a literary selection using different approaches,
 Apply the different approaches in critiquing and evaluating
information they received in their day-to-day life.

Curriculum Guide Reference and Duration


Critique a literary selection based on the following approaches:
 Structuralist  Feminist
 Moralist  Historical
 Marxist  Reader-response

Duration: 2 days

1
Whenever we read a literary selection from a magazine, a newspaper
and etc., we receive information that influences our belief or opinion. As a
reader, it is necessary that you must not readily believe the information given
but you also need to make interpretations and discussions. By doing so, we
expand our imagination, our sense of what is possible, and our ability to
empathize with others.
Literary critiques are arguments. Its main goal is not about finding
errors in a literary text nor is it the attacking of faults found in the different
perspectives and interpretation in the text. Rather, it is about explaining and
attempting to reach a critical understanding of what literary texts mean.

Consider the following approaches in literary critique:

1. Structuralist – is a type of literary critique that judges the value of the


literature on how it perceives the world in terms of structures.
2. Moralist - is a type of literary critique that judges the value of the
literature based on its moral lessons or ethical teachings.
3. Marxist - also known as sociological criticism wherein it examines
literature in the cultural, economic, and political context in which it is
written or received.
4. Feminist - concern itself with stereotypical representations of genders.
5. Historical - investigates the social, cultural, and intellectual context that
produced it. This investigation includes the author's biography and the
social milieu.
6. Reader-response – removes the focus from the text and places it on
the reader instead by attempting to describe what goes on in the
reader’s mind during the reading of a text.

Read and Answer


Go to the link given below. Read the selection carefully and answer
the questions that follow:

https://docs.google.com/viewer?
a=v&pid=sites&srcid=c3NkdnQub3JnfHRoZS1hY2FkZW1pYy1yZXNvdXJjZS
1jZW50ZXItLWFyY3xneDo1ZDY0ODRhYjEzMjVkM2Fj

2
https://www.google.com/search?
q=why+i+want+a+wife+by+judy+brady&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=2ahUK
EwjCy8CLx57qAhVqFqYKHYemBMMQ_AUoAXoECAsQAw&biw=1366&bih=657#im
grc=PCRD4s4PE6ujYM&imgdii=Bee5kjmTzOFIBM

Check your Understanding

Read the questions and answer comprehensively. Write your


response on the space provided.

1. Structuralist: What is the essay about? What themes or patterns are


constantly repeated in literature?
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
2. Moralist: How does the text play out ethical principles?
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
3. Marxist: What role does class play in the work; what is the author's
analysis of class relations?
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
4. Feminist: How is the work gendered? Where does the text define the roles
of femininity?
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________

3
5. Historical: What assumptions does Brady make about her audience?
About wives? Her essay was written in 1971—does it still make sense
today? Why or why not?
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
6. Reader-response: Do you agree or disagree with the writer’s perspective?
Why or Why not?
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________

To give you more ideas of how to write your literary critique,


click the link below and watch the video.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?
time_continue=173&v=skEn61J6c8s&feature=emb_logo

https://www.google.com/search?q=How+to+Write+a+Critique+Essay+
(An+Evaluation+Essay_&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi2-
obqxp_qAhUwG6YKHSk0AtUQ_AUoAXoECA0QAw&biw=1366&bih=657#im
grc=DzkrutZR68oYGM

4
Let’s Practice
Based on the video, fill in the table with the main parts of a literary
critique as well as the main points that you need to include in each part. Write
your answer in the worksheet below.

Introduction Summary Evaluation Response Conclusion

A Note to Remember:
When reading and doing a literary critique:
1. Keep in mind that a literary critique’s main goal is to ‘analyze and
interpret a work of literature’ and not to critic which is to ‘point out
faults’.
2. You should always consider how the writer's techniques contribute to
the overall meaning of the text.
3. If you don't feel you have a good grasp of all the specific components
after the first reading of a literary work, read it over again, with the
components in mind, before you critique.
4. Be careful not to summarize the entire work when you critique
literature. It is your job to evaluate the work's meaning, not to outline its
plot.

5
Hone your ability to write a literary critique by checking the examples of
the different approaches in writing a literary critique.
https://essaysprofessors.com/samples/analysis/historical-analysis-of-the-
story-of-an-hour.html
https://www.elcamino.edu/faculty/sdonnell/sample_essay_2.htm
http://home.netwood.net/kosenko/jackson.html
http://guidetogrammar.org/grammar/composition/liselle.htm
https://www.salon.com/test2/1997/01/06/jackson_3/
https://poeticskyscepter.wordpress.com/2015/02/23/reader-response-my-
papas-waltz-critical-writing/

After-Reading Activity
By answering the questions in the Check Your Understanding Activity,
you were able to express your interpretation and critique while using different
approaches to Judy Brady’s essay entitled, ‘Why I Want a Wife’. Now, write a
one-page literary critique using any literary critique approach mentioned
above.

You will be graded using the following rubric;

Content - 35%
Organization - 30%
Language and Style - 20%
Format and Mechanics - 15%
Total - 100%

6
________________________________________

______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
____________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
_________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________

7
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
____________________

https://public.wsu.edu/~delahoyd/marxist.crit.html. Retrieved last June 25,


2020
https://literariness.org/2016/03/20/structuralism/. Retrieved last June 25, 2020
https://sites.wp.odu.edu/tatum-fisherengl333/theory-4/. Retrieved last June
25, 2020
http://queergrace.com/historical-criticism/. Retrieved last June 25, 2020
https://www.aresearchguide.com/reader-response-criticism.html. Retrieved
last June 25, 2020
https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/subject_specific_writing/writing_in_literature/literar
y_theory_and_schools_of_criticism/reader_response_criticism.html.
Retrieved last June 25, 2020
https://libguides.uta.edu/literarycriticism/steps. Retrieved last June 25, 2020
https://courses.lumenlearning.com/suny-britlit1/chapter/literary-
criticism/#:~:text=Reading%20and%20discussing%20literature
%20can,works%20of%20fiction%20and%20poetry. Retrieved last
June 26, 2020
https://www.wikihow.com/Critique-Literature. Retrieved last June 26, 2020
https://sites.google.com/site/estesinversos/Home/uesc---universidade-
estadual-de-santa-cruz/anglophone-literature/critical-approaches-to-
literature. Retrieved last June 26, 2020
https://www.youtube.com/watch?
time_continue=173&v=skEn61J6c8s&feature=emb_logo

https://public.wsu.edu/~delahoyd/marxist.crit.html . Retrieved last June 26,


2020

8
Check Your Understanding:
1. Roles of wife. Sarcasm, satire and irony were used.
2. The essay is devoted to the list of demands, which are required from a
good wife from a male’s point of view where it shows how women are
treated unfairly by men.
3. The author creates strong and convincing arguments regarding the
existing disparity between the positions of a man and a woman in her
society.
4. The selection focuses on hypothetical criteria for an ideal wife and how
the work of wives is often taken for granted.
5. Students’ answer will depend on their own views or perspective.
6. Students’ answer will depend on their own views or perspective.

Let’s Practice
Introduction Summary Evaluation Response Conclusion
-Author and -Entire work -Accuracy of -Where do I -Remind the
title work or section of information agree or overall
- Author’s the selection - Definition disagree? importance
main point - Written of key terms -What does of topic.
- Overall objectives to (lack of) the get right or -Combine
evaluation of relate - Hidden wrong? rating with
the work - Goal of a assumptions - What personal
- summary - Clarity of ultimate response
Background (abstract) language merit/use does -State what
information - Logic and this work you believe
the reader organization have? is the
needs to - Fallacies - Would I ultimate
know recommend success of
this work as a the work.
credible
source?

After-Reading Activity

9
Title: Critique a literary selection based on different
approaches

Language: English

Keywords: Reading, interpreting, evaluating, writing a critique

Description: This is a learning module about how to write a


literary critique from a literary selection using
different approaches

Primary Media: Print, Online

Primary Storage: Hand Out

Resource Location: Department of Education, Region VI-Western


Visayas, Division of Aklan, District of Libacao,
Libacao National Forestry Vocational High School

Developer: Ana Mae D. Macaya

10
11