Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 7

Uses of Radio.

The radio is used in many different ways. It mainly used for communication
purposes. Electronic Communications is neccesery for modern life. Many
people use the radio for listening to music to see what’s the latest songs and
music groups. They can use them to listen to what the weather is for that
day and other news that’s happening around the world. Soldiers and people
also use them in wars because the people have to know what's going on if
there not watching the television. They were also used in wars when there
was no television. They can also use them on ships and planes in so the people
know that there doing all right. They also can judge the food restaurants
and you can enter contests to win good prizes like concert tickets, money,
cars etc. There is also commercials that play on the radio in between their
break. The radio is used in many different ways.

Uses of radio

Many of radio's early uses were maritime, for


sending telegraphic messages using Morse
code between ships and land. One of the
earliest users included the Japanese Navy
scouting the Russian fleet during the Battle
of Tsushima in 1901. One of the most
memorable uses of marine telegraphy was
during the sinking of the RMS Titanic in
1912, including communications between
operators on the sinking ship and nearby
vessels, and communications to shore
stations listing the survivors.
Radio was used to pass on orders and
communications between armies and navies on
both sides in World War I; Germany used
radio communications for diplomatic messages
once its submarine cables were cut by the
British. The United States passed on President
Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points to
Germany via radio during the war.
Broadcasting began to become feasible in the
1920s, with the widespread introduction of
radio receivers, particularly in Europe and the
United States. Besides broadcasting, point-to-
point broadcasting, including telephone
messages and relays of radio programs,
became widespread in the 1920s and 1930s.
Another use of radio in the pre-war years was
the development of detecting and locating
aircraft and ships by the use of radar (RAdio
Detecting And Ranging).Today, radio takes
many forms, including wireless networks,
mobile communications of all types, as well
as radio broadcasting. Read more about
radio's history. Before the advent of
television, commercial radio broadcasts
included not only news and music, but dramas,
comedies, variety shows, and many other
forms of entertainment. Radio was unique
among dramatic presentation that it used only
sound. For more, see radio programming.
Thus, radio plays a very important role in once
life.
Characteristics of radio

In early times messages were sent over the


wires by alternately turning electrical currents
on and off, producing a series of "dots" and
"dashes" in accordance with a telegraph code.
There were many drawbacks of this system like
it was one to one message delivery method ,
and was wire dependent or we can say the
media was the wires that had a network
between the places where the communication
was needed. Another was the data transferred
in coded form, special training was needed to
code and decode the data.

But with the more development in science, a


significant advancement in communications
was the developed as radio, or wireless
communication. It proved to be revolution in
communication field. Radio extended the
communication range to ships in the sea and to
remote areas of the world, providing for the
first time instantaneous and worldwide
communication.

After people learned how to encode and


decode the human voice in a form that could
be super imposed on electromagnetic waves
and transmitted to a receiver, they used this
mode as radio communication directly with
human speech. So the human voice was
transmitted thousands of miles, picked up by
receivers and converted back into speech by
loudspeakers. It was like revolution in the field
of communication. Radio came to be the first
complete electronic communication system.
Speech now could be transferred from one part
of the earth to another or from a point on earth
to a point in space. This was not limited to land
or land to space but also from land to sea and
sea to space. Also the message delivery rate
was increased to the speed of light, making
international communications possible within
fractions of second, and space communications
within seconds. Now communicating with the
soldiers or people on the far most outskirts was
not a big deal.

The radiation concept of radio waves can be


visualized by dropping a pebble into a pool of
still water. As the pebble enters the water, a
surface disturbance is created, causing the
water to move up and down. From this point,
the disturbance is transmitted on the surface of
the pool in the form of expanding circles of
waves. Here the water is not moving away
from the point. The type of wave here
produced is called the transverse wave. That is
the wave occurring in a direction or directions
perpendicular to the direction of wave
propagation. Same are the characteristics of
the radio waves.

Although there is no clear cut demarcation


between radio waves and micro waves,
electromagnetic waves ranging in frequencies
between three kilohertz and one gigahertz are
normally called radio waves. However the
behavior of waves, rather than the frequencies
is a better criterion for classification.

Difference between satellite, internet and community radio.


AM/FM radio is free, controlled by the FCC, heavily sponsored
by advertisers.

A fee is required to receive satellite radio, is free of FCC


restrictions and is not heavily supported by advertisers.

Satellite offers more programming choices over those currently


offered on AM/FM radio.

digital vs analog
AM/FM is free to enjoy to anyone that has a receiver
Satellite Radio is a paid subscription based service

AM and FM transmitters are on the ground, usually full of


advertisements, and the content regulated. Satellite
transmitters are in space and its content is less restricted and
usually commercial-free.
AM Has been around for years, FM Has been around for well a long time
too but there is a bit of a difference. FM Sounds Better in Stereo quality
unlike AM Is Mono. FM Is used more for music as AM Is to talk. You
usually don't hear music on AM Radio unless its at night because AM is
stronger and sounds better a night then it does in the morning/mid day. With
HD Radio coming out it changes both AM And FM. AM Will sound more
like FM Does today, and FM will sound more like CD Quality. Satellite
Radio is coast to coast (in America) or around the world, digital quality
programing with more choices and better sound then Terrestrial Radio
(AM/FM) They come from satellites I'll show you how it works, I'll use XM
Radio as a Example
XM studios beam there programming to there satellite uplink center, then
gets beamed to the 3 (soon to be4) satellites in the sky which bring it to your
radio! cool!

• AM is amplitude Modulation, and FM is Frequency Modulation.


With both AM and FM, a carrier wave must be broadcasted.
And it is just that... A carrier wave for the information. A
greyhound bus for the information you are trying to tune in.
(music, etc.). The carrier wave is at a particular frequency,
which is singled out as you tune in your radio station. All other
frequencies are filtered out.

Simplified explanation:

The difference is how the "information" rides on that carrier


frequency. And the names give it away. In AM or Amplitude
Modulation, the information is added to the amplitude of the
carrier signal. When your receiver receives the signal, it does
an analog sample of the wave to determine it's average
strength, then demodulates the differences in the amplitude to
pull out the original information. This is the worst and most
inaccurate way of demodulation, for the signal strength is
continuously changing, with the analog demodulator always
working "behind the times". This is why it took so many years
for the occurance of AM Stereo. It's hard enough to accurately
pull one stream of info out of the carrier wave. Try pulling two
distinct signals out of one carrier wave that is Amplitude
modulated. How in the world do you do that??? (But they do
have AM stereo now, yet not very popular) The reason it came
first, is it is very easy to mix amplitudes, and no complicated
circuitry was required in the old days to pull in the correct carrier
wave. They couldn't do frequency modulation at first cause
uncle sam wouldn't let commercial businesses transmit on high
enough frequencies to pull out the original information. Also
since AM carrier waves have relatively low frequencies, they
can travel quite a distance.

In Frequency Modulation, the information is added to the


frequency of the carrier wave. The amplitude of the incoming
signal is a mute point as long as it is strong enough where your
receiver can lock onto the carrier wave. Carrier frequencies in
high ranges were released for commercial use, so they could
transmit in the MegaHertz range. Since all information needed
in the hearing range is commonly in the 20 to 20KiloHertz
range, it was easy to pull the signal in. The information didn't
cause enough of a difference in the signal to cause the tuner to
filter it out. And since the original carrier frequency is known,
and locked in, it was extremely easy to pull out the original
information. In fact, you could add 6 or 8 different information
signals if you wanted to. Complex, but achievable. Since the
demodulation is so accurate, this gives it better clarity, and the
ability to modulate 2 separate signals for stereo. However,
since the carrier frequency is so high, it bounces off obstacles
instead of going through them, thus reducing range.