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GROUP NO.

:_________________

SYNOPSIS

Modern GSM Based Electronic


Voting Machine

Submitted by

GUIDED BY ________________________
AIM: -
To design & develop Mobile GSM Based Electronic Voting
Machine.

ABSTRACT
The project here is all about modern GSM Based
Electronic Voting Machine with latest electronics technology
& microcontroller.

In India all earlier elections be it state elections or centre


elections a voter used to cast his/her vote to his/her favorite
candidate by putting the stamp against his/her name and
then folding the ballot paper as per a prescribed method
before putting it in the Ballot box. This is a long, time-
consuming process and very much prone to errors.

This method wanted voters to be skilled voters to know how


to put a stamp, and methodical folding of ballot paper.
Millions of paper would be printed and heavy ballot boxes
would be loaded and unloaded to and from ballot office to
polling station. All this continued till election scene was
completely changed by electronic voting machine. No more
ballot paper, ballot boxes, stamping, etc. all this condensed
into a simple box called ballot unit of the electronic voting
machine.

The EVMs have following advantages:


 the saving of considerable printing stationery and
transport of large volumes of electoral material,
 easy transportation, storage, and maintenance,
 no invalid votes,
 reduction in polling time, resulting in fewer problems in
electoral preparations, law and order, candidates'
expenditure, etc. and
 easy and accurate counting without any mischief at the
counting centre
 eco friendly.

As a matter of interest, “Diebold Accuvote System”, is a


smarter system over conventional EVMs used in India.

The major blocks of our system are as follows:-

(1) Power Supply: - We will need a +5V/500mA power


supply for our project. For this purpose we will use a
step down transformer to convert 220VAC/50Hz into
12VAC. The out of transformer is rectified through
bridge rectifier using diode 1N4001. Linear voltage
regulator IC LM7805 is used to provide a stable
regulated +5V supply for microcontroller and other
parts in the project.

(2) Microcontroller AT89S51:- ATMEL make


microcontroller AT89S51 is the main controller being
used in this project due to its easy availability and
low cost.

The function of the microcontroller is to read the


pulses collected by electronics hardware. The
collected pulses are analyzed by microcontroller &
displayed in per minute format on LCD display. The
GSM Based Electronic Voting Machine information
may be further processed & send to any remote
monitoring station.

(3) LCD: - In our project we will be using a LCD for


displaying the GSM Based Electronic Voting
Machine systems information of EVM and its
presence. We will be using a 16x2 LCD for this
purpose.

(4) AMPLIFIER & FILTER: - The function of electronics


amplifier & filter is to amplify the weak signal
received by electrodes without noise. The
amplification and filtering is done in multiple stage.

BlockDiagram:-
230 Full Wave
V Step Down Bridge Voltage
AC T/F Rectifier Regulator +5VDC/500mA

Multiplexer Microcontroller 16x2 LCD


AT89S51 Display

Amplifier
Ckt.
DTMF
Decoder Ckt.

Mobile
RX VOTING
OUTPUT

Mobile Tx

FLOW CHART:-
Start

Initialize the I/O Ports, LCD,


Variables, Timers
and Interruption

Measure and display the value

Data Flow Control System

Stop
APPLICATIONS:

• Like in earlier system, your name is called and you are


asked to sign or put your thumb impression in a
register.
• After your identification is done by Election Officer, an
ink mark is put on your finger, same as earlier.
• Then the Election Officer gives you a slip that bears the
Voter register number where you signed or put your
thumb impression.
• You hand over this slip to the presiding officer who
confirms the serial number and permits you to vote by
pressing the button of the Control Unit of EVM.
• You are not given any ballot thereafter, and are sent to
the EV Machine placed behind a card board in a corner.
The machine is placed in such a way that your polled
vote will be a secret.
• On the Balloting Unit of EVM, you press the blue button
placed in front of your favorite candidate and release.
• As soon as the button is pressed, the red LED indicator
lights up and a whistle sound comes from the machine.
This signifies that your vote has been casted rightly.
Now you can come out.
• Your vote is complete safe and secret and there is no
room for error as well. You can rest assured that your
vote is not going to be invalid in any case.
• The Voting Machine is attached to the 'Control Unit'.
When the user presses the button, his vote is registered
in the control unit and the number of votes for the
respective candidates is calculated automatically.

HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS
• PCB
• MICROCONTROLLER
• STEP DOWN TRANSFORMER 12V/500mA
• VOLTAGE REGULATOR LM7805
• RECTIFIER DIODES 1N4001
• ELECTROLYTIC CAPACITORS
• LCD DISPLAY
• LEDs
• SENSING ELECTRODES
• OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIER
• PVC WIRES
• RELAY
• WATER PUMP

DEVELOPMENT TOOLS REQUIREMENTS


• INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT ENVIRONMENT
• COMPILER, ASSEMBLER, SIMULATOR
• EMULATOR, PROGRAMMER