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Practice Questions – Unit 8: Motivation and Emotion

1. Which of the following approaches to motivation is most closely aligned with


Darwin’s theory of evolution?

a. drive theory b. instinct theory


c. incentive approaches d. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs

2. Which of the following approaches to motivation assumes that motivation can come
from outside the person?

a. instinct theory b. drive theory


c. incentive theory d. none of the above

3. Which of the following is the best example of intrinsic motivation?

a. studying hard to earn an A on an exam


b. staying late at work to earn overtime pay
c. cleaning your house because you enjoy a tidy home
d. dressing up for a job interview because you want to increase chances of getting
the job

4. A friend of yours was recently in a car accident and suffered damage to his
ventromedial hypothalamus. What effect would you expect this damage to have on your
friend’s behaviour?

a. He will likely stop eating.


b. He will likely die.
c. He will likely gain a great deal of weight.
d. He will likely gain a great deal of weight, but then lose the pounds later.

5. Which of the following is the hormone that the small intestines release to shut off
hunger?

a. insulin b. CCK
c. leptin d. serotonin

6. Craig is trying to stop drinking coffee. For the last year, Craig has consumed a full pot
of strong coffee every day, but today he has not had any coffee at all. How would you
expect Craig to be feeling?

a. anxious and jittery b. sluggish and tired


c. alert and refreshed d. none of the above

7. ___ ensure(s) that that drug users will need to take higher and higher doses of their
preferred drug to experience the feeling of their first high.

a. withdrawl b. tolerance
Practice Questions – Unit 8: Motivation and Emotion

c. Opponent processes d. b and c

8. Opponent-process theory does NOT explain why ___.

a. people being to take drugs


b. people continue to take drugs
c. drug addictions are hard to kick
d. drug additions form

9. Which of the following is NOT typically thought of as a basic emotion?

a. fear b. sadness
c. pride d. happiness

10. Derrick and Monique each went out on blind dates. Derrick took his date to dinner.
Monique took her date to a football game. According to the two-factor theory of emotion,
who is more likely to go out on a second date with their partner?

a. Derrick b. Monique
c. Both equally likely d. Two-factor theory can make no predictions about
this.

11. Mohammed and Betty are each stuck in a traffic jam. Mohammed remains calm, but
Betty begins to get very angry. Which theory of emotion best explains their different
emotions in this situation?

a. cognitive-mediational theory b. two-factor theory


c. facial feedback theory d. James-Lange theory