Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 6

CLASS XII

CBSE
Chemistry
TOPPER PreBoad Exam 2011

Time: Three Hours Max. Marks: 70

General Instructions:

1. All questions are compulsory.

2. Question nos. 1 to 8 are very short answer questions and carry 1 mark each.

3. Question nos. 9 to 18 are short answer questions and carry 2 marks each.

4. Question nos. 19 to 27 are also short answer questions and carry 3 marks each.

5. Question nos. 28 to 30 are long answer questions and carry 5 marks each.

6. Use log tables if necessary, use of calculators is not allowed.

Q 1. Why do gases always tend to be less soluble in liquids as the temperature is


raised?

Q 2. Give reason why a finely divided substance is more effective as an adsorbent.

Q 3. What is the role of depressant in froth floatation process? Give an example.

Q 4. Write the IUPAC name of K3[Fe(C2O4)3].

Q 5. Name the reagent you will use for the reaction of oxidation of primary alcohol
to an aldehyde

Q 6. Give the IUPAC name of:

Q 7. Give one chemical test to distinguish between ethylamine and aniline. Write
the chemical reaction also.
Q 8. Why vitamin C cannot be stored in our body?

Q 9. What type of soichiometric defect is shown by?

a) ZnS b) AgBr

Q 10. Concentrated nitric acid used in laboratory work is 68% nitric acid by mass in
aqueous solution. What should be the molarity of such a sample of the acid if the
density of the solution is 1.504 g mL−1 ?
OR

Q 10. A solution is obtained by mixing 300 g of 25% solution and 400 g of 40%
solution by mass. Calculate the mass percentage of the resulting solution.

Q 11. An aqueous solution of 2% non-volatile solute exerts a pressure of 1.004 bar


at the normal boiling point of the solvent. What is the molar mass of the solute?
(Given: Vapour pressure of pure water at normal boiling point = 1.013 bar)

Q 12. A reaction is second order with respect to a reactant. How is the rate of
reaction affected if the concentration of the reactant is doubled?

Q 13. Niobium crystallises in body-centred cubic structure. If density is 8.55 g


cm−3, calculate atomic radius of niobium using its atomic mass 93 u.

Q 14. What is the role of cryolite in the metallurgy of aluminium?

Q 15. (a) Why is H2O a liquid and H2S a gas?

(b) Why does O3 act as a powerful oxidising agent?

Q 16. [Fe(H2O)6]3+ is strongly paramagnetic whereas [Fe(CN)6]3− is weakly


paramagnetic. Explain.

Q 17. Convert:

(a) Bromomethane to propanone

(b) But-1-ene to but-2-ene

Q 18. Write one use each of freon 12 and carbon tetrachloride.

Q 19. Write structures of the products of the following reactions:


H2O / H+
(a) CH3 − CH = CH2 →

(b)

(c)

NaBH4
CH3 − CH2 − CH − CHO  →
l

CH3

Q 20. Arrange the following in the order of the property indicated and give reasons:

(a) In decreasing order of the pKbvalues:

C2H5NH2, C6H5NHCH3, (C2H5)2NH and C6H5NH2

(b) In decreasing order of basic strength in gas phase:

C2H5NH2, (C2H5)2NH, (C2H5)3N and NH3

(c) In increasing order of boiling point:

C2H5OH, (CH3)2NH, C2H5NH2

Q 21. What happens when D-glucose is treated with the following reagents? Name
the products and write the reactions involved.

(a) HI (b) Bromine water (c) HNO3

Q 22. (a) Give two points to distinguish between the terms homopolymer and
copolymer.

(b) Is (-NH – CHR – CO-)n, a homopolymer or copolymer?

Q 23. Explain the following terms with suitable examples:

(a) Cationic detergents


(b) Tincture of iodine

(c) Food preservatives

Q 24.(a) Why are pentahalides more covalent than trihalides?

(b) What is the basicity of H3PO4?

(c) What happens when sulphur dioxide is passed through an aqueous solution of
Fe(III) salt?

Q 25. (a) How is nitrogen prepared in the laboratory? Write the chemical equations
of the reactions involved.

(b) Write the complete and balanced reactions of:

(i) HCl with Na2CO3

(ii) Cl2 with hot and conc. NaOH

OR

(a)How is ammonia manufactured industrially?

(b)Write balanced equations for the following:

(i) NaCl is heated with sulphuric acid in the presence of MnO2.

(ii) SO3 is passes through water.

Q 26. Explain what is observed:

(a) When a beam of light is passed through a colloidal sol.

(b) An electrolyte, NaCl is added to hydrated ferric oxide sol.

(c) Electric current is passed through a colloidal sol?

Q 27. For a first order reaction, show that time required for 99% completion is
twice the time required for the completion of 90% of reaction.

Q 28. (a) The cell in which the following reactions occur:


2Fe3+(aq) + 2I-(aq) →2Fe2+(aq) + I2(s)

Has Eθcell= 0.236 V at 298 K.

Calculate the standard Gibbs energy and the equilibrium constant of the cell
reaction. Given: F = 96487 C mol-1, R = 8.314 J K-1 mol-1

(b)If a current of 0.5 ampere flows through a metallic wire for 2 hours, then how
many electrons would flow through the wire?

OR

Q 28. (a) The molar conductivity of 0.025 mol L−1 methanoic acid is

46.1 S cm2 mol−1.Calculate its degree of dissociation and dissociation constant.


Given λ °(H+)= 349.6 S cm2 mol−1 and λ °(HCOO−) = 54.6 S cm2 mol-1

(b)The conductivity of 0.20 M solution of KCl at 298 K is 0.0248 Scm−1. Calculate its
molar conductivity.

Q 29. (a) Which is a stronger reducing agent Cr2+ or Fe2+ and why?

(b) What are interstitial compounds? Why are such compounds well known for
transition metals?

(c) Describe the oxidising action of potassium dichromate and write the ionic
equations for its reaction with H2S.

OR

Explain giving reasons:

(a) Transition metals and many of their compounds show paramagnetic behaviour.

(b) The enthalpies of atomisation of the transition metals are high.

(c) The transition metals generally form coloured compounds.

(d) Transition metals and their many compounds act as good catalyst.

(e) The Eθ (M2+/M) value for copper is positive (+0.34 V).


Q 30. (a) Arrange the following compounds in increasing order of their reactivity in
nucleophilic addition reactions.

(i)Ethanal, Propanal, Propanone, Butanone.

(ii)Benzaldehyde, p-Tolualdehyde, p-Nitrobenzaldehyde, Acetophenone.

(b)An organic compound with the molecular formula C9H10O forms 2, 4-DNP
derivative, reduces Tollens’ reagent and undergoes Cannizzaro reaction. On
vigorous oxidation, it gives 1, 2-benzenedicarboxylic acid. Identify the compound.
Give the structure and IUPAC name of the compound.

OR

(a) Predict the products of the following reactions:

(i)

(ii)

(b) Which acid of each pair shown here would you expect to be stronger?

(i) CH2FCH2CH2CO2H or CH3CHFCH2CO2H

(ii)

(c) Identify whether 2, 2-Dimethylbutanal would undergo aldol condensation or


Cannizzaro reaction or neither? Write the structures of the expected products of the
reaction.