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Ratio and Proportion

अनुपात एवं समानुपात


BY GAGAN PRATAP
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𝟒√𝟔 𝒙+𝟐√𝟐 𝒙+𝟐√𝟑
1. For x = , what is the value of + ?
√𝟐+√𝟑 𝒙−𝟐√𝟐 𝒙−𝟐√𝟑
𝟒√𝟔 𝒙+𝟐√𝟐 𝒙+𝟐√𝟑
x= +
√𝟐+√𝟑 𝒙−𝟐√𝟐 𝒙−𝟐√𝟑
(CDS 2019)
(a) 1 (b) √𝟐 (c) √𝟑 (d) 2
𝒂 𝒃 𝒄
2. If = = , then which one of the following statements is correct?
𝒃+𝒄 𝒄+𝒂 𝒂+𝒃
𝒂 𝒃 𝒄
= =
𝒃+𝒄 𝒄+𝒂 𝒂+𝒃
(CDS 2019)
(a) Each fraction is equal to 1 or –1
1 –1
𝟏
(b) Each fraction is equal to or 1.
𝟐
𝟏
1
𝟐
𝟏
(c) Each fraction is equal to or –1.
𝟐
𝟏
–1
𝟐
𝟏
(d) Each fraction is equal to only.
𝟐
𝟏
𝟐
3. If (4a + 7b) (4c – 7d) = (4a – 7b) (4c – 7d), then which one of the following is
correct?
(4a + 7b) (4c – 7d) = (4a – 7b) (4c – 7d)
(CDS 2019)
𝒂 𝒄 𝒂 𝒄 𝒂 𝒅 𝟒𝒂 𝒄
(a) =𝒅 (b) =𝒃 (c) = (d) =
𝒃 𝒅 𝒃 𝒄 𝟕𝒃 𝒅
𝒂𝟐 +𝒄𝟐
4. If a : b = c : d = 1 : 6, then what is the value of ?
𝒃𝟐 +𝒅𝟐
𝒂𝟐 +𝒄𝟐
a:b=c:d=1:6 (CDS
𝒃𝟐 +𝒅𝟐
2019)
𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏
(a) (b) (c) (d)
𝟔𝟎𝟎 𝟔𝟎 𝟑𝟔 𝟔
5. The monthly incomes of A and B are in the ratio 4 : 3. Each saves Rs.600. If
their expenditures are in the ratio 3 : 2, then what is the monthly income
of A?
A B 4:3 600
3:2 A (CDS 2019)
(a) Rs.1800 (b) Rs.2000
(c) Rs.2400 (d) Rs.3600

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6. The train fare and bus fare between two stations is in the ratio 3 : 4. If the
train fare increases by 20% and bus fare increases by 30%, then what is the
ratio between revised train fare and revised bus fare? (CDS 2019)
श 3 : 4
20% 30%

𝟗 𝟏𝟕
(a) (b)
𝟏𝟑 𝟏𝟐
𝟑𝟐 𝟏𝟗
(c) (d)
𝟒𝟑 𝟐𝟏
7. Radha and Rani are sisters. Five years back, the age of Radha was three times
that of Rani, but one year back the age of Radha was two times that of Rani.
What is the age difference between them? (CDS 2019)

(a) 8 (b) 9
(c) 10 (d) 11
8. The product of two positive numbers is 616. If the ratio of the difference of
their cubes to the cube of their difference is 157:3, then the sum of the two
numbers is (CAT 2019)

157 : 3
(a) 85 (b) 58
(c) 95 (d) 50
9. In an examination, Rama’s score was one-twelfth of the sum of the scores of
Mohan and Anjali. After a review, the score of each of them increased by 6.
The revised scores of Anjali, Mohan, and Rama were in the ratio 11:10:3.
Then Anjali’s score exceeded Rama’s score by
एक परीक्षा में , राम का स्कोर मोहन और अंजलि के अंकों का एक-बारहवां था। समीक्षा के बाद, उनमें से
प्रत्येक का स्कोर 6 बढ़ गया। अंजलि, मोहन और राम का संशोधित स्कोर 11: 10: 3 के अनप
ु ात में
था। फिर अंजलि का स्कोर, राम के स्कोर से फकतना अधिक है ? (CAT
2019)
(a) 35 (b) 40 (c) 32 (d) 24
10. The ratio of the income of A to that of B is 5 : 7. A and B save Rs.4,000 and
𝟐
Rs.5,000 respectively. If the expenditure of A is equal to 66𝟑% of the
expenditure of B, then the total income of A and B is:

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A और B की आय का अनुपात 5: 7 है। A और B क्रमशः रु 4000 और Rs.5,000 बचाते हैं। यदि A
𝟐
का व्यय B के व्यय के 66𝟑% के बराबर है , तो A और B की कुल आय है : (MAINS
2018)
(a) Rs.28,800 (b) Rs.26,400
(c) Rs.25,200 (d) Rs.24,000
𝟒 𝟑
11. In a school, of the number of students are girls and the rest are boys. of
𝟗 𝟓
𝟓
the number of boys are below 12 years of age and of the number of girls
𝟏𝟐
are 12 years or above 12 yeas of age. If the number of students below 12
𝟓
years of age is 480, then of the total number of students in the school
𝟏𝟖
will be equal to: (MAINS 2018)
𝟒 𝟑
एक स्कूल में, छात्ोों की सोंख्या में लड़दकयाों हैं और बाकी लड़के हैं। लड़कोों की सोंख्या का
𝟗 𝟓
𝟓
,12 वर्ष से कम है और लड़दकयोों की सोंख्या का , 12 वर्ष या 12 वर्ष से अदिक है। यदि 12
𝟏𝟐
𝟓
वर्ष से कम आयु के छात्ोों की सोंख्या 480 है , तो स्कूल में कुल छात्ोों की सोंख्या का के बराबर
𝟏𝟖
होगा:
(a) 240 (b) 315
(c) 225 (d) 270
12. When x is added to each of 2, 3, 30 and 35, then the numbers obtained in this
order, are in proportion. What is the mean proportional between (x + 7) and
(x – 2)?
जब 2, 3, 30 और 35 में से प्रत्येक में x जोड़ा जाता है , तो इस क्रम में प्राप्त सोंख्याएों , समानुपादतक होती
है। (x+ 7) और (x - 2) के बीच का मध्यआनुपादतक क्या होगा? (MAINS
2018)
(a) 7 (b) 4 (c) 5 (d) 6
13. On year ago, the ratio of the age (in years) of A to that of B was 4 : 3. The
ratio of their respective ages, 3 years from now, will be 6 : 5. What will be
the ratio of respective ages of A and B, 9 years from now?
एक वर्ष पहले, A और B की आयु (वर्ों में) का अनुपात 4: 3 था। उनकी पारस्पररक आयु का अनुपात,
अब से 3 वर्ष बाद, 6 : 5 होगा। अब से 9 साल A और B की पारस्पररक आयु का अनुपात क्या होगा?
(MAINS 2018)
(a) 8 : 7 (b) 10 : 9 (c) 9 : 8 (d) 7 : 6
14. Two-third of the number of employees of a company are males and the rest
𝟑 𝟐
are females. If of the male employees and of the female employee are
𝟖 𝟓
temporary employees and the total number of permanent employees is 740,

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𝟕
the of the total number of the employees exceeds the number of
𝟏𝟓
temporary female employees by:
एक कंपनी के कममचाररयों की संख्या का दो-ततहाई पुरुष हैं और बाकी महहिाएं हैं। यहद पुरुष
कममचाररयों का 𝟖 और महहिा कममचारी का 𝟓 अस्थायी कममचारी हैं और स्थायी कममचाररयों की कुि
𝟑 𝟐

संख्या 740 है, तो कममचाररयों की कुि संख्या अस्थायी महहिा कममचाररयों की संख्या से फकतना
𝟕
𝟏𝟓
अधिक है : (MAINS 2018)
(a) 320 (b) 308
(c) 400 (d) 340
15. What is the ratio of the third proportional to 0.4 and 0.8, to the mean
proportional between 13.5 and 0.24? (MAINS 2018)
0.4 और 0.8 के तीसरे आनुपाततक और 13.5 और 0.24 के बीच मध्यआनप
ु ाततक का अनुपात क्या
है?
(a) 9:10 (b) 8:9
(c) 5:4 (d) 7:8
16. The ratio of the incomes of A and B last year was 4:3, respectively. The ratios
of their individual incomes of the last year and the present year are 3:4 and
5:6, respectively. If their total income for the present year is ₹8.04 lakh,
then the income of B last year was:
पपछिे वषम A और B की आय का अनुपात क्रमशः 4: 3 था। पपछिे वषम और वतममान वषम के उनके
व्यक्क्तगत आय के अनुपात क्रमशः 3: 4 और 5: 6 हैं। यहद वतममान वषम के लिए उनकी कुि आय
₹8.04 िाख है , तो पपछिे वषम B की आय थी:
(a) ₹3.6 lakh (MAINS 2018)
(b) ₹2.4 lakh
(c) ₹2.7 lakh
(d) ₹2.8 lakh
17. 5 years ago, the ratio of the age of A to that of B was 4:5. Five years hence,
the ratio of the age of A to that of B will be 6:7. If at present, C is 10 years
younger than B, then what will be the ratio of the present age of A to that
of C?
5 साि पहिे, A और B की आयु का अनप
ु ात 4: 5 था। पांच साि बाद, A और B की आयु का अनप
ु ात
6:7 होगा। यहद वतममान में , C, B से 10 वषम छोटा है , तो A और C की वतममान आयु का अनुपात क्या
होगा? (MAINS 2018)
(a) 5:4 (b) 3:2

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(c) 4:3 (d) 5:3
18. A sum of ₹x is divided among A, B and C such that the ratio of the shares of
A and B is 6:7 and that of B and C is 3:2. If the difference the shares of A
and C is ₹540, then the value of x is:
₹x को A, B और C के बीच पवभाक्जत फकया जाता है जैसे फक A और B के शेयरों का अनप
ु ात 6: 7
है और B और C का अनुपात 3: 2 है। यहद A और C के शेयर का अंतर ₹540 है, तो x का मान है :
(a) 7155 (b) 7290 (MAINS 2018)
(c) 7020 (d) 7425
19. A sum is divided among A, B, C and D such that the ratio of the shares of A
and B is 2:3, that of B and C is 1:2 and that of C and D is 3:4. If the
difference between the shares of A and D is Rs 648, then the sum of their
shares is:
श A, B, C D A B
B C C D
A D श
(MAINS 2018)
(a) Rs 1944 (b) Rs 2484
(c) Rs 2052 (d) Rs 2160
𝟓
20. In an office, 𝟖 of the total number of employees are males and the rest are
𝟐 𝟐
females. 𝟓 of the number of males and non-technical workers while 𝟑 of the
number of females are technical workers. What fraction of the total number
of employees are technical workers?
एक कायामिय में , कममचाररयों की कुि संख्या के पुरुष हैं और बाकी महहिाएं हैं। पुरुषों और गैर-
𝟓
𝟖

तकनीकी श्रलमकों की संख्या का जबफक महहिाओं की संख्या का तकनीकी कायमकताम हैं।


𝟐 𝟐
𝟓 𝟑

कममचाररयों की कुि संख्या का फकतना हहस्सा तकनीकी कममचारी हैं?

(MAINS 2018)
𝟏 𝟑 𝟓 𝟐
(a) 𝟐 (b) 𝟖 (c) 𝟖 (d) 𝟓
21. Two numbers are in the ratio 3:5. If 13 is subtracted from each, the new
numbers are in the ratio 10:21. If 15 is added to each of the original
numbers, then the ratio becomes: (MAINS 2018)

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(a) 24 : 35 (b) 4 : 5
(c) 23 : 33 (d) 5 : 7
22. If (a + b) : (b + c) : (c + a) = 7 : 6 : 5 and a + b + c = 27, then what will be the
𝟏 𝟏 𝟏
value of 𝒂 : 𝒃 : 𝒄 ? (MAINS 2018)
𝟏 𝟏 𝟏
यदि (a + b): (b + c): (c + a) = 7: 6: 5 और a + b + c = 27, तो 𝒂 : 𝒃 : 𝒄 का मान क्या होगा?
(a) 4 : 3 : 6 (b) 3 : 4 : 2
(c) 3 : 2 : 4 (d) 3 : 6 : 4
23. If 50 less had applied and 25 less selected, the ratio of selected to unselected
would have been 9 : 4. So how many candidates had applied if the ratio of
selected to unselected was 2 : 1?

2
:1 (MAINS 2017)
(a) 125 (b) 250
(c) 375 (d) 500
24. What is the fourth proportional to 189, 273 and 153? (MAINS 2017)
189, 273 153
(a) 117 (b) 299
(c) 221 (d) 187
25. Rs.11,550 has to be divided between X, Y & Z such that X gets 4/5 of what Y
gets and Y gets 2/3 of what Z gets. How much does Z get over X (in Rs.)?
11,550 X, Y Z X Y 4/5 Y Z 2/3
Z X
(a) 7200 (b) 1800 (MAINS 2017)
(c) 3650 (d) 2450
26. Before a battle the ratio of tanks to planes in an army was 5 : 3. During the
war 1000 tanks were destroyed and 800 planes were destroyed. The ratio
of tanks to planes became 2 : 1. What is the number of tanks after the war.
5:3

(MAINS 2017)
(a) 2000 (b) 1000
(c) 3000 (d) 4000
27. The price of a movie ticket was increased in the ratio 9 : 10. What is the
increase in the revenue (in Rs.) of the cinema hall, if the original fare was
Rs.180 and 2200 tickets were sold?

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9 : 10 180
2200
(MAINS 2017)
(a) 44000 (b) 440000
(c) 39600 (d) 396000
28. If 6A = 4B = 9C; What is A : B : C?
6A = 4B = 9C; A : B : C
(a) 6:4:9 (MAINS 2017)
(b) 9 : 4 : 6
(c) 4 : 9 : 6
(d) 6 : 9 : 4
29. How many job applicants had applied if the ratio of selected to unselected
was 19 : 17. If 1,200 less had applied and 800 less selected, then the ratio
of selected to unselected would have been 1 : 1. (MAINS
2017)

19 : 17

(a) 6000 (b)7200


(c) 8400 (d) 4800
30. What is the third proportional to 10 to 20? (MAINS
2017)
10 20
(a) 30 (b) 25
(c) 50 (d) 40
31. The ratio of the sum of the salaries of A and B to the difference of their
salaries is 11:1 and the ratio of the sum of the salaries of B and C to the
difference of their salaries is also 11 : 1. If A’s salary is the highest and C’s
lowest then what is B’s salary (in Rs) given total of all their salaries is
Rs.1,82,000?
A B 11 : 1 B C
11 : 1 A
C B
1,82,000 (MAINS 2017)
(a) 72000 (b) 60000
(c) 50000 (d) 86400

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32. The ratio of ages of the father and mother was 11 : 10 when their son was
born. The ratio of ages of the father and mother will be 19 : 18 when the
son will be twice his present age. What is the ratio of present ages of father
and mother?
11 : 10

(MAINS 2017)
(a) 15 : 14 (b) 14 : 13
(c) 16 : 15 (d) 17 : 16
33. Sanjay’s test marks in two subjects, English and Hindi are in the ratio 7 : 11.
If he got 20 marks more in Hindi than in English, what are his marks in
English?
7 : 11
20
(MAINS 2017)
(a) 35 (b) 55
(c) 45 (d) 64
34. Rizwan has a box in which he kept red and blue marbles. The red marbles and
blue marbles were in the ratio 5 : 4. After he lost 5 red marbles the ratio
became 10 : 9. How many marbles does he have now? (MAINS
2017)
5
:4 10 : 9

(a) 81 (b) 86
(c) 76 (d) 91
35. Find two numbers such that their mean proportional is 18 and the third
proportional to them is 144.

(MAINS 2017)
(a) 6 and 42 (b) 9 and 36
(c) 3 and 18 (d) 6 and 12
36. A purse has Rs.34.5 in the form of 1-rupee, 50-paise and 10-paise coins in the
ratio of 6 : 9 : 10. Find the number of 10-paise coins.

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6 : 9 : 10
(MAINS 2017)
(a) 10 (b) 30
(c) 20 (d) 40
37. What number should be added to each of the number 103, 135, 110 and 144
so that the resulting numbers are in proportion?
103, 135, 110 144
(MAINS 2017)
(a) 12 (b) 15 (c) 9 (d) 6
38. When ticket prices to a water park are increased in the ratio 11:12 then the
number of daily visitors to the park fall in the ratio 8 : 7. If the daily
revenues before the increase in ticket price was Rs.176,000, then find the
daily revenues after increase in ticket price.
11 : 12

176,000
(MAINS 2017)
(a) 264000 (b) 112000
(c) 192000 (d) 168000
39. The ratio of number of boys to the number of girls in a school of 432 pupils
is 5 : 4. When some new boys and girls are admitted, the number of boys
increase by 12 and the ratio of the boys to girls changes to 7 : 6. The number
of new girls admitted is
432 5:4

7:6
(a) 12 (b) 14 (MAINS 2016)
(c) 24 (d) 20
40. If the three numbers in the ratio 3 : 2 : 5 be such that the sum of the squares
is equal to 1862 then which number is the middle one.
3:2:5 1862
(MAINS 2016)
(a) 16 (b) 14
(c) 13 (d) 15
41. The ratio of the number of boys and girls in a school is 3 : 2. If 20% of the
boys and 25% of the girls are scholarship holders, the percentage of the
school students who are not scholarship holders is (MAINS 2016)

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3:2 20%
25% श

(a) 56 (b) 78
(c) 70 (d) 80
42. In a colored picture of blue and Yellow color, blue and Yellow color is used in
the ratio of 4 : 3 respectively. If in upper half, half blue : Yellow is 2 : 3,
then in the lower half blue : Yellow is
4:3 श
2:3
(MAINS 2016)
(a) 1 : 1 (b) 2 : 1
(c) 26 : 9 (d) 9 : 26
43. A sum of Rs.15525 is divided among Sunil, Anil and Jamil such that if Rs.22,
Rs.35 and Rs.48 be diminished from their shares respectively, their
remaining sums shall be in the ratio 7 : 10 : 13. What would have been the
ratio of their sums if Rs.16, Rs.77, Rs.37 respectively were added to their
original shares?
Rs.15525 श
श Rs.22, Rs.35 Rs.48 श
श 7 : 10 : 13 श Rs.16, Rs.77,
Rs.37 श (MAINS 2016)
(a) 9 : 13 : 17 (b) 18 : 26 : 25
(c) 36 : 52 : 35 (d) None of these
44. A’s income is Rs.140 more than B’s income and C’s income is Rs.80 more
than D’s. If the ratio of A’s and C’s income is 2 : 3 and the ratio of B’s and
D’s income is 1 : 2, then the incomes of A, B, C and D are respectively.
A B Rs.140 C D Rs.80 A
C 2:3 B D 1:2 A, B, C D
श (MAINS 2016)
(a) Rs.260, Rs.120, Rs.320 and Rs.240
(b) Rs.300, Rs.160, Rs.600 and Rs.520
(c) Rs.400, Rs.260, Rs.600 and Rs.520
(d) Rs.320, Rs.180, Rs.480 and Rs.360

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45. A and B have their monthly incomes in the ratio 8 : 5 while their monthly
expenditures are in the ratio 5 : 3. If they have saves Rs.12,000 and
Rs.10,000 monthly respectively, then the difference in their monthly
incomes is (MAINS 2015)
A B 8:5 5:3
श 12,000 10,000

(a) Rs.52,000 (b) Rs.42,000


(c) Rs.44,000 (d) Rs.46,000
𝟑 𝟑
√𝒙 + √𝒚
46. If (3x – 2y) : (2x + 3y) = 5 : 6, then one of the values of ( 𝟑 𝟑) is
√𝒙 − √𝒚
𝟑 𝟑
√ 𝒙 + √𝒚
(3x – 2y) : (2x + 3y) = 5 : 6 (𝟑 𝟑 )
√ 𝒙 − √𝒚
(MAINS 2015)
𝟏 𝟏
(a) (b) 5 (c) 25 (d)
𝟓 𝟐𝟓

47. In a school there were 1554 students and the ratio of the number of the boys
and girls was 4 : 3. After a few days, 30 girls joined the school but a few
boys left; as a result the ratio of the boys and girls became 7 : 6. The number
of boys who left the school is
1554 4:3
30 श

(MAINS 2015)
(a) 76 (b) 74
(c) 84 (d) 86
48. If A : B = 2 : 3 and B : C = 3 : 7, then A + B : B + C : C + A is
A:B=2:3 B:C=3:7 A+B:B+C:C:C+A
(MAINS 2015)
(a) 4 : 8 : 9 (b) 5 : 8 : 9
(c) 5 : 10 : 9 (d) 4 : 10 : 9
49. If (x – y ) : (x + xy + y2) = 5 : 1 and (x2 – y2) : (x – y ) = 7 : 1
3 3 2 (MAINS
2015)
(x3 – y3) : (x2 + xy + y2) = 5 : 1 (x2 – y2) : (x – y ) = 7 : 1

(a) 4:1 (b) 2 : 3

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(c) 4 : 3 (d) 3 : 2
50. If 4x + 5y = 83 and 3x : 2y = 21 : 22, then (y – x) equals
4x + 5y = 83 3x : 2y = 21 : 22 y–x
(MAINS 2014)
(a) 3 (b) 4
(c) 7 (d) 11
51. A man divides his property so that his son’s share to his wife’s and wife’s
share to his daughter’s are both as in the ratio 3 : 1. If the daughter gets
Rs.10,000 less than son, the value (in rupees) of the whole property is

श 3:1
Rs.10,000 श
(a) Rs.16,250 (MAINS 2014)
(b) Rs.16,000
(c) Rs.18,250
(d) Rs.17,000
52. Raju and Lalitha originally had marbles in the ratio 4 : 9. Then, Lalitha gave
some of her marbles to Raju. As a result, the ratio of the number of marbles
with Raju to that with Lalitha became 5 : 6. What fraction of her original
number of marbles was given by Lalitha to Raju?
𝟏 𝟕
(a) (b) (CAT 2018)
𝟒 𝟑𝟑
𝟏 𝟔
(c) (d)
𝟓 𝟏𝟗
53. The strength of a salt solution is p% if 100 ml of the solution contains p
grams of salt. If three salt solutions A, B, C are mixed in the proportion 1 :
2 : 3, then the resulting solution has strength 20%. If instead the
proportion is 3 : 2 : 1, then the resulting solution has strength 30%. A
fourth solution, D, is produced by mixing B and C in the ratio 2 : 7. The
ratio of the strength of D to that of A is (CAT
2018)
(a) 2 : 5 (b) 1 : 3
(c) 1 : 4 (d) 3 : 10
54. The scores of Amal and Bimal in a examination are in the ratio 11 : 14. After
an appeal, their scores increase by the same amount and their new scores
are in the ratio 47 : 56. The ratio of Bimal’s new score to that of his original
score is (CAT 2018)
(a) 5 : 4 (b) 8 : 5

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(c) 4 : 3 (d) 3 : 2
55. Suppose, C1, C2, C3, C4, and C5 are five companies. The profits made by C1, C2
and C3 are in the ratio 9 : 10 : 8 while the profits made by C2, C4, and C5
are in the ratio 18 : 19 : 20. If C5 has made a profit of Rs.19 crores more
than C1, then the total profit (in Rs.) made by all five companies is
(a) 438 crores (CAT 2017)
(b) 435 crores
(c) 348 crores
(d) 345 crores
56. A stall sells popcorn and chips in packets of three sizes: large, super, and
jumbo. The numbers of large, super, and jumbo packets in its stock are in
the ratio 7 : 17 : 16 for popcorn and 6 : 15 : 14 for chips. If the total number
of popcorn packets in its stock is the same as that of chips packets, then
the numbers of jumbo popcorn packets and jumbo chips packets are in the
ratio (CAT 2017)
(a) 1 : 1 (b) 8 : 7 (c) 4 : 3 (d) 6 : 5
57. If a, b, c are three positive integers such that a and b are in the ratio 3 : 4
while b and c are in the ratio 2 : 1, then which one of the following is a
possible value of (a + b + c)?
यहद a, b, c तीन िनात्मक पूर्ाांक हैं जैसे a और b, 3: 4 के अनुपात में हैं जबफक b और c , 2: 1
के अनुपात में हैं, तो तनम्न में से कौन सा (a+b+c) का एक संभापवत मान है ?
(a) 201 (b) 205 (CAT 2017)
(c) 207 (d) 210
58. The cost of diamond varies directly as the square of its weight. Once, this
diamond broke into fur pieces with weights in the ratio 1 : 2 : 3 : 4. When
the pieces were sold, the merchant got Rs.70,000 less. Find the original
price of the diamond.
हीरे की िागत सीिे उसके वजन के वगम में होती है । एक बार, यह हीरा 1: 2: 3: 4 के अनुपात में
िर के टुकडों में टूट गया। जब टुकडे बेचे गए, तो व्यापारी को 70,000 रुपये कम लमिे। हीरे की मूि
कीमत का पता िगाएं। (CAT 2016)
(a) Rs.1.4 lakh (b) Rs.2 lakh
(c) Rs.1 lakh (d) Rs.2.1 lakh
59. In a locality, two-thirds of the people have cable TV, one-fifth have VCR, and
one-tenth have both. What is the fraction of people having either cable –
TV or VCR? (CAT 2016)
(a)19/30 (b) 2/3 (c) 17/30 (d) 23/30
60. The number of boys in a school was 30 more than the number of girls.
Subsequently, a few more girls joined the same school. Consequently, the

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ratio of boys and girls became 3 : 5. Find the minimum number of girls, who
joined subsequently.
85. एक स्कूि में िडकों की संख्या िडफकयों की संख्या से 30 अधिक थी। इसके बाद, कुछ और िडफकयां
उसी स्कूि में शालमि हुईं। नतीजतन, िडकों और िडफकयों का अनुपात 3: 5 हो गया। िडफकयों की
न्यूनतम संख्या ज्ञात कीक्जए, जो बाद में शालमि हुईं। (XAT 2018)
(a) 31 (b) 51 (c) 52
(d) 55 (e) Solutions not possible
𝟏 𝟏𝟏
61. 𝟐𝟓 of the students who registered did not appear for the examination, of
𝟐𝟎
those who appeared passed. If the number of registered students is 2000,
the number who passed is
(a) 1920 (b) 1056 (CDS 2018)
(c) 1020 (d) 864
62. If A : B = 1 : 2, B : C = 3 : 4, C : D = 2 : 3 and D : E = 3 : 4, then what is B : E
equal to? (CDS 2018)
(a) 3 : 2 (b) 1 : 8
(c) 3 : 8 (d) 4 : 1
63. Rs.120 is distributed among A, B and C so that A’s share is Rs.20 more than
B’s and Rs.20 less than C’s. What is B’s share? (CDS
2018)
(a) Rs.10 (b) Rs.15
(c) Rs.20 (d) Rs.25
64. The age of a woman is a two-digit integer. On reversing this integer, the new
integer is the age of her husband who is elder to her. The difference between
their ages is one-eleventh of their sum. What is the difference between their
ages? (CDS 2018)
(a) 8 yr (b) 9 yr
(c) 10 yr (d) 11 yr
65. The sum of ages of a father, a mother, a son Sonu and daughters Savita and
Sonia is 96 yr. Sonu is the youngest member of the family. The year Sonu
was born, the sum of the ages of all the members of the family was 66 yr.
If the father’s age now is 6 times that of Sonu’s present age, then 12 yr.
Hence, the father’s age will be
(a) 44 yr (b) 45 yr (CDS 2018)
(c) 46 yr (d) 48 yr
66. Ten (10) years before, the ages of a mother and her daughter were in the ratio
3 : 1. In another 10 yr. from now, the ratio of their ages will be 13 : 7. What
are their present ages?
(a) 39 yr, 21 yr (CDS 2018)

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(b) 55 yr, 25 yr
(c) 75 yr, 25 yr
(d) 49 yr, 31 yr
𝟑𝑨𝟐 +𝟒𝑩
67. If A : B = 3 : 4, then what is the value of the expression (𝟑𝑨−𝟒𝑩𝟐 )? (CDS 2017)
𝟒𝟑 𝟒𝟑
(a) (b) − 𝟓𝟓
𝟓𝟓
𝟒𝟕
(c) (d) Cannot be determined
𝟓𝟓
𝟏
68. Leela got married 6 years ago. Today her age is 1𝟒 times her age at the time
𝟏
of her marriage her son’s age is times her age. What is the present age of
𝟏𝟎
her son? (CDS 2017)
(a) 1 year (b) 2 years
(c) 3 years (d) 4 years
69. Five years ago, Ram was three times as old as Shyam. Four years from now,
Ram will be only twice as old as Shyam. What is the present age of Ram?
(CDS 2017)
(a) 30 years(b) 32 years
(c) 36 years(d) 40 years
70. There are 350 boys in the first three standards. The ratio of the number of
boys in first and second standards is 2 : 3, while that of boys in second and
third standards is 4 : 5. What is the total number of boys in first and third
standards? (CDS 2017)
(a) 302 (b) 280
(c) 242 (d) 230
71. In an office, one-third of the workers are women, half of the women are
married and one-third of the married women have children. If three-fourth
of the men are married and one-third of the married men have children,
then what is the ratio of married women to married men?
(a) 1 : 2 (b) 2 : 1 (CDS 2016)
(c) 3 : 1 (d) 1 : 3
72. Incomes of Mahesh and Kamal are in ratio 1 : 2 and their expenses are in
ratio 1 : 3. Which one of the following statements is correct? (CDS 2016)
(a) Mahesh saves more than what
Kamal saves
(b) Savings of both of them are equal
(c) Kamal saves more than what
Mahesh saves
(d) It is not possible to determine who
saves more

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1. The ratio of two numbers is 3 : 5. If is the sum of shares of B and C, in the
eight is added to the first, and seven beginning? (CPO 2019)
to the second, then the ratio becomes श A ,B C 9 : 6 : 11
2 : 3. What will be the ratio become if
A C
six is added to each?
A, B C 4:3:6
B C
(a) 7,800 (b) 9,100
(CPO 2019) (c) 7,500 (d) 8,500
(a) 7 : 9 (b) 5 : 9 5. Seven years ago, the ages (in years) of
(c) 5 : 7 (d) 9 : 14 A and B were in the ratio 4 : 5 and 7
2. If x is substracted from each of the years hence, their ages will be in the
numbers 20, 37, 54 and 105, then the ratio 5 : 6. What will be ratio of their
numbers so obtained in this order are ages 5 years from now? (CPO 2019)
in proportion. What is the mean वर्ष A B वर्ो
proportional between (7x- 5) and (x + वर्ष
1)? (CPO 2019) वर्ष
x
(a) 34 : 41 (b) 33 : 40
(7x- 5) (x + 1)
(c) 31 : 33 (d) 33 : 34
(a) 8 (b) 9
6. Two persons A and B are given
(c) 6 (d) 12
Rs.2,040 per week each by their
3. The ratio of the incomes of A and B is
employer. If the amount given to B is
3 : 5, whereas the ratio of their
140% of the amount given to A, then
expenditure is 4 : 7 respectivley . If A
the amount given to A per week is?
and B save Rs. 16,000 and 26,000
A B
respectivley then what is the
difference between their
B A श
expenditures?
A B 3:5 140 श

श 4:7 A B श A
(a) Rs.850 (CPO 2019)
(CPO 2019) (b) Rs.820
(a) 6800 (b) 5400 (c) Rs.750
(c) 5000 (d) 6000 (d) Rs.800
4. A sum is distributed between A, B and 7. 7 years ago, the average age of
C in the ratio 9 : 6 : 11. If A gives 500 husband, wife and child was 42 years
from his share to C, the ratio of shares and 9 years ago, the average age of wife
of A , B and C becomes 4 : 3 : 6. What
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and child was 36 years. What is the 10%
present age of the husband? (CPO 2019)
𝟐 𝟏
(a) 36𝟑% (b) 3𝟑%
𝟐 𝟏
(c) 13𝟑% (d) 30𝟑%
(CPO 2019) 11. A sum of Rs.12,000 is divided
(a) 57 (b) 55 between A, B, C and D such that the
(c) 48 (d) 50 ratio of shares of A and B is 8 : 9, that
8. Twice the salary of A is five times the of B and C is 2 : 3 and that of C and D
salary of B, and four times the salary is 9 : 13. What is the difference
of B is equal to twice the salary of C. If between the shares of B and D?
the salary of C is Rs.1,600, then the Rs.12,000 श A, B, C D
salary of A is? A
A B B 8:9 B C
B C 2:3 C D 9:
C 13 B D
A (CPO 2019) (CPO 2019)
(a) Rs.2,000 (b) Rs.3,000 (a) Rs.1,320 (b) Rs.2,400
(c) Rs.2,500 (d) Rs.2,600 (c) Rs.2,520 (d) Rs.2,760
9. The salary of Raju and Peter are in the 12. A person can save 25% of his income.
ratio 3 : 5. If there is an increase of Rs. If his income increases by 20% and
2,500 each in their salaries, then the still he saves the same amount as
ratio of their salaries becomes 11 : 15. before, the percentage increase in his
What is the salary of Peter? expenditure is ………… (CPO 2019)
3:5 25%
Rs.2,500 20%
11 : 15 श
(CPO 2019) श
(a) Rs.5,000 (b) Rs.2,500 𝟐
(a) 26𝟑 (b) 24
(c) Rs.4,000 (d) Rs.3,500
𝟏
10. The ratio of expenditure and savings (c) 25𝟑 (d) 25
of a person is 5 : 3. If the income 13. The ratio of the present ages of A and B is 8 : 9.
increases by 20% and the expenditure After 9 years, this will become 19 : 21. C is 3 years
increases by 10%, then the person’s younger to B. What is the present age (in years)
savings increase by: of C? (CGL 2018)
5:
3 20%

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A B 8:9 श 18. What is the ratio of mean proportional between
3.6 and 12.1 and third proportional between 2
19 : 21 C ,B श
and 11? (CPO 2018)
C
(a) 36:5 (b) 6:5
(a) 49 (b) 48 (c) 51 (d) 52
(c) 11:36 (d) 6:55
14. The prices of two articles are in the ratio 4 : 5. If
19. A bag contains 50 paise, 25 paise and 1-rupee
the price of the first article is increased by x%
coins in the ratio 5:8:1. If the total value of coins
and that of the other is decreased by 30%, then
is Rs. 55, then the number of 25 paise coins in the
the new prices of A and B will be in the ratio of
bag is?
10 : 7. The value of x is: (CGL 2018)
4:5 एक बैग में 50 पैस,े 25 पैसे और ₹1 के ससक्के 5:8:1 के
x% अनुपात में है| यदि सभी ससक्कों की कुल कीमत ₹55 है
% A B 10 : 7
तो बैग में 25 पैसे के ककतने ससक्के हैं? (CPO 2018)
x
(a) 24.5 (b) 22.5 (c) 25 (d) 20 (a) 25 (b) 10 (c) 50 (d) 80
15. A sum of x rupees is divided among A, B and C 20. In an office of 1200 employees, the ratio of
such that the ratio of shares of A and B is 7 : 12 urban to rural members of staff is 8:7. After
and that of B and C is 8 : 5. If the difference in the joining some of new employees, out of which 20
shares of A and C is 214 rupees, then the value of are rural, the ratio becomes 5:4. The number of
x is: new urban employees is: (CPO 2018)
X A, B C (a) 100 (b) 85 (c) 76 (d) 108
A B 21. Sum of three numbers is 777. The ratio of first
B C two numbers is 7:9 and the ratio of second and
A C x third numbers is 3:7. Second number is:
(CGL 2018) तीन संख्याओं का योग 777 है | पहली िो संख्याओं के
(a) 11,556 (b) 11,128 बीच का अनुपात 7:9 है तथा िस
ू री और तीसरी संख्या के
(c) 11,770 (d) 11,342
16. If a : b = 5 : 8 and c : b = 4 : 3, then a : b : c is equal बीच का अनुपात 3:7 है| िस
ू री संख्या है:
to: (a) 252 (b) 147 (CPO 2018)
a:b=5:8 c:b=4:3 a:b:c (c) 63 (d) 189
(CGL 2018) 22. A sum of ₹4,360 was to be divided among A, B, C
(a) 15 : 24 : 28 (b) 5 : 6 : 8 and D in the ratio of 3:4:5:8, but it was divided in
𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏
(c) 15 : 24 : 32 (d) 5 : 8 : 6 the ratio of 𝟑 : 𝟒 : 𝟓 : 𝟖 by mistake. As a result:
17. If a:b=2:3 then (5a-2b): (5a+2b) is equal to: (a) A received ₹956 more (CHSL 2018)
(a)3 : 7 (b) 2 : 7 (CGL 2018) (b) B received ₹318 more
(c)1 : 3 (d) 1 : 4 (c) D received ₹1,144 less
(d) C received ₹132 less

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23. The ratio of the incomes of A and B is 2:3 and A और B की आय का अनुपात 5:3 है और उनके व्यय का
that of their expenditures is 1:2. If 90% of B’s
expenditure is equal to the income of A, then अनुपात 9:5 है| यदि A की आय B के व्यय की िोगुनी
what is the ratio of the savings of A and B? है तो A और B की बचत का अनुपात क्या है ?
A और B की आय का अनुपात 2 : 3 है और उनके व्यय (a) 2:3 (b) 1:1
(c) 3:2 (d) 3:4
का अनप
ु ात 1 : 2 है यदि B के व्यय का 90% A की आय
27. Two numbers are in the ratio 7:5. On diminishing
के बराबर है तो A और B की बचत का अनप
ु ात ककतना each of them by 40, the ratio becomes 27:17. The
है? (CHSL 2018) difference between the number is:
(a) 1 : 1 (b) 9 : 8 िो संख्याएँ 7:5 के अनुपात में हैं| उनमें से प्रत्येक को 40
(c) 8 : 7 (d) 3 : 2 कम करने पर अनुपात 27:17 हो जाता है | संख्याओं के
24. In an examination, the success to failure ratio
was 5:2. Had the number of failures been 14 बीच का अंतर है: (CHSL 2018)
more, then the success ratio would have been (a) 75 (b) 40 (c) 25 (d) 50
𝟒𝒂−𝒃+𝟐𝒄
9:5. The total number of candidates who 28. If 𝒂: 𝒃: 𝒄 = 𝟏: 𝟑: 𝟓, what is the value of 𝟑(𝒂+𝒃+𝒄)?
appeared for the examination was:
यदि 𝒂: 𝒃: 𝒄 = 𝟏: 𝟑: 𝟓 है ,तो 𝟑(𝒂+𝒃+𝒄) का मान क्या है ?
𝟒𝒂−𝒃+𝟐𝒄

एक परीक्षा में, सफलता का असफलता से अनप


ु ात 5:2 𝟖 𝟏𝟎
(a) 𝟐𝟕 (b) 𝟐𝟕 (CHSL 2018)
था| अगर असफलताओं की संख्या 14 अधिक थी, तो 𝟏𝟏 𝟏
(c) 𝟐𝟕 (d) 𝟑
सफलता का असफलता से अनुपात 9:5 होता| परीक्षा में
29. ₹8000 is distributed among A, B and C such that
बैठने वाले उम्मीिवारों की कुल संख्या थी: (CHSL 2018) they receive notes of ₹500, ₹200 and ₹100
(a) 210 (b) 196 respectively. The amounts received by them are
(c) 126 (d) 203 in the ratio 15:2:3. What was the ratio of the
25. 8 years ago, the ratio of ages of A and B was 9:10. number of notes of ₹500, ₹200 and ₹100?
The ratio of their ages 4 years from now will be ₹8000 को A, B और C के बीच इस प्रकार ववतररत
12:13. What is the age (in years) of C now, if his
age is 6 years more than that of A? ककया जाता है कक उन्हें क्रमशः ₹500, ₹200 और
8 वर्ष पहले, A और B की आयु का अनुपात 9:10 था| ₹100 के नोट प्राप्त होते हैं| उनके द्वारा प्राप्त रासश
अब से 4 वर्ष बाि उनकी आयु का अनुपात 12:13 होगा| 15:2:3 के अनुपात में है | ₹500, ₹200 और ₹100 के
C की वतषमान आयु( वर्ों में ) क्या है , यदि उसकी आयु A नोटों की संख्या का अनुपात क्या था? (CHSL 2018)
से 6 वर्ष अधिक है? (CHSL 2018) (a) 3:1:3 (b) 3:3:1
(c) 4:1:2 (d) 3:2:2
(a) 56 (b) 42
30. A man has 3 sons, 2 daughters and a
(c) 50 (d) 48
wife. They divided a sum of Rs.19000
26. Incomes of A and B are in the ratio 5:3 and their
expenditures are in ratio 9:5. If income of A is among themselves such that each
twice the expenditure of B, then what is the ratio daughter got 1.5 times the amount
of savings A and B? (CHSL 2018) received by each son and his wife
received 600 less than each son. What

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is the total amount (in Rs) received by A, B C 8400
the 3 sons together? श 6:8:7
श 3:

2:4 B, 400 श A,
B C (CGL 2017)

(a) 6 : 8 : 7 (b) 8 : 6 : 7
(c) 9 : 14 : 10 (d) 12 : 7 : 9
श (CGL 2017) 34. a% of b + b% of a = ______(CGL 2017)
(a) 2800 (b) 3600 b a% + a b% = ______
(c) 5600 (d) 8400 (a) 2a% of b/ b 2a%
31. If A/3 = B/2 = C/5, then what is the (b) 2a% of 2b/2b 2a%
value of ratio (C + A)2 : (A + B)2 : (B = (c) 2a% of 2a/2a 2a%
C)2? (CGL 2017) (d) 2b% of 2b/2b 2b%
A/3 = B/2 = C/5 (C + A)2 : (A + 35. Rs60500 is divided among A, B and C
B)2 : (B = C)2 such that A receives 2/9 as much as B
(a) 9 : 4 : 25 (b) 25 : 4 : 9 and C together and B receives 3/7 of
(c) 64 : 25 : 49 (d) 49 : 25 : 64 as much as A and C together. What is
32. 5 years ago, the average age of a the share of C (in Rs)? (CGL 2017)
family which includes father, mother 60500 A, B C
and a son was 35 years. 3 years ago the A B C
average age of father and mother was 2/9 B A C
46 years. What is the present age (in 3/7 C
years) of the son? (CGL 2017) (a) 29850 (b) 30120
5 (c) 31350 (d) 37250
𝟑 𝟕 𝟕
36. If 𝟓 P = 𝟐 Q = 𝟓 R, then what is the ratio
of P, Q and R respectively?
𝟑 𝟕 𝟕
(a) 20 (b) 24 P= Q= R, श P, Q R
𝟓 𝟐 𝟓
(c) 26 (d) 22 (CGL 2017)
(a) 3 : 2 : 5 (b) 3 : 35 : 14
33. A, B and C received an amount of (c) 5 : 7 : 5 (d) 35 : 6 : 15
Rs8400 and distributed among 37. A company, at the time of inflation
themselves in the ratio of 6 : 8 : 7 reduced the staff in the ratio 5 : 3 and
respectively. If they save in the ratio average salary per employee is
of 3 : 2 : 4 respectively and B saves increased in the ratio 7 : 8. By doing,
Rs400, then what is the ratio of the so the company saved Rs.55000. What
expenditures of A, B and C
respectively?
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was the initial expenditure (in Rs) of 40. The flight fare between two cities is
company? increased in the ratio 9:11. What is the
increase (in Rs) in the fare, if the
5 : 3 original fare was Rs.18,000? (CGL 2017)
7:8 9:11

5500 Rs.18,000
(CGL 2017) (a) 22000 (b) 3600
(a) 155000 (b) 160000 (c) 4000 (d) 20000
(c) 175000 (d) 215000 41. A bag has Rs.51.25 in the form of 2-
rupee, 50-paise and 25-paise coins in
38. The ratio of number of cans of orange, the ratio of 3:5:7. What is the total
pineapple and mixed fruit juices kept number of 50-paise coins?
in a store is 8 : 9 : 15. If the store sells 50 25
25%, 33.33% and 20% of orange, 3:5:7 51.25
pineapple and mixed fruit juices cans 50-
respectively, then what is the ratio of (CGL 2017)
number of cans of these juices in the (a) 15 (b) 35
remaining stock? (c) 25 (d) 5

श 25%, 33.33%
20%

(CGL 2017)
(a) 1 : 1 : 2 (b) 6 : 6 : 13
(c) 12 : 15 : 19 (d) 4 : 9 : 13
What number should be added to each
of the numbers 94, 24, 100 and 26, so
that the resulting numbers are in
continued proportion? (CGL 2017)
94, 24, 100 26

(a) 10 (b) 11
(c) 9 (d) 8

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