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A.

Background of the Study

As a foreign language in Indonesia, English is learned seriously by many

people to have a good prospect in the community of international world.


Recently, English becomes important. Since it¶s important, English is taught
widely at formal school starting from elementary school up to universities; even
at informal school i.e. courses.
There are four English skills to learn, namely speaking, reading, writing,
and listening skill. Speaking seems intuitively the most important skill to
master. The success is measured in terms of the ability to carry out conversation
in language speaking in an interactive process of constructing meaning that
involves producing, receiving, and processing information. Speaking is very
important because by mastering speaking skill, people can carry out
conversations with others, give the ideas and exchange the information with
others.Hence, in speaking classroom the learners should work as much as
possible on their own, talk to one another directly and not through the medium

of teacher.
³Speaking is the process of building and sharing meaning through the use
of verbal and non verbal symbol in a variety of context´ (Chancy 1998: 13).
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The other opinion is shown byHornby (1995: 318), speaking is making use of
words in an ordinary voice; uttering words; knowing and being able to use a
language; expressing oneself in words; making a speech. In short, speaking skill
is the ability to perform the linguistic knowledge in the actual communication.
By speaking with others, we are able to know what kinds of situation are in the
world.
There are several methods which are used by the teacher for teaching
speaking. The method should be interesting to interest students in teaching
learning process. One of the teaching methods in teaching speaking is debate
method. It is seen as an active learning process because students will learn more
through a process constructing and creating, working in a group and also
sharing knowledge.
Debate is a teaching strategy to improve verbal communication and
critical-thinking skills. Debate is presented as a valuable learning activity for
teaching critical thinking and improving communication skills. Debating is an
effective pedagogical strategy because of the level of responsibility for learning
and active involvement required by all student debaters
(http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18173892). Maryadi (2008: 16) states that
³debate can motivate students¶ thinking, moreover if they must defend their
stand or opinion which is in contradiction with conviction themselves´. This
strategy can involve all students to be active, not only debate performer.

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Debate is implemented in teaching speakingR SB I. The teacher of the first


year in SMP Negeri 1 Boyolali implements debate in the teaching speaking.
The teaching learning process aims to enable the students speak the target

language.
Rintisan Sekolah Bertaraf Internasional (RSBI) refers to a path of

international standardized school.R SBI is an Indonesia government program in


education which is implemented with developing quality of school to be an
international standardized school. Sekolah Bertaraf Internasional (SBI) is a
national school which prepares the students with National Education Standard,
in Indonesian is Standar Nasional Pendidikan (SNP) which has an international
quality and the graduation from it has international competitive capacity.

³Sekolah Bertaraf Internasional adalah sekolah yang sudah


memenuhi seluruh Standar Nasional Pendidikan (SNP) dan diperkaya
dengan mengacu pada standar pendidikan salah satu negara anggota
Organization for EconomicCo-operation and Development (OECD)

dan/atau negara maju lainnya yang mempunyai keunggulan tertentu


dalam bidang pendidikan sehingga memiliki daya saing di forum
Internasional (http:// edu_media.org/sbi.php.)´

SMP Negeri 1 Boyolali is an international standardized school. This


school has good quality that is carried by multimedia facilities and classroom
satisfied. This school also uses bilingual in teaching learning process especially
using English language.
Based on the background above the writer decides to carry out a research
entitled "THE IMPLEMENTATION OF DEBATE IN TEACHING

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SPEAKING TO THE FIRST YEAR STUDENTS OF RSBI (RINTISAN
SEKOLAH BERTARAF INTERNASIONAL) CLASS AT SMP NEGERI 1

BOYOLALI". There are some reasons why the writer chooses this school. The
first, since they have special competences which work on linguistic field,
second, SMP Negeri I Boyolali is an international standardized school (RSBI
School) and also the best school in Boyolali and third, the school has good
achievements of their graduates.

B. Problem of the Study


Based on the background of the study, the writer formulates the problemso f

the study as follows:


1.How is the implementation of debate technique in teaching speaking to the
first year ofR SB I class at SMP Negeri 1 Boyolali?
a. What are the procedures of teaching speaking using debate?
b. What are activities in teaching speaking using debate?
c. What are the problems faced by the teacher and the students in
teaching speaking using debate?
2. What are the strengths and weaknesses of the implementation of debate
technique in teaching speaking?

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C. Objective of the Study

Based on the problem of study mentioned above, the writer formulates


some objectives of the study as follows:
1. To describe the implementation of debate in teaching speaking to the first

year ofR SB I students at SMP Negeri 1 Boyolali.


a. To describe the procedures of debate technique in teaching speaking at
RSBI class, especially at the first year students of SMP Negeri 1

Boyolali.
b. To describe the kinds of activities in teaching speaking using debate
technique.
c. To describe the problems faced by teacher and the students in teaching
speaking using debate.
2. To describe the strengths and weaknesses of the implementation of debate
technique in teaching speaking.

D. Limitation of the Study


This research has broader scope and it is impossible for the writer to

handle all problems. Therefore, the writer limits the scope of the study. The
limitations of the study are:
1. The subject of the study is limited to the English teacher and the first year
students of SMP Negeri 1 Boyolali especially for classR SB I .
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2. The object of study is only focused on teaching speaking using debate.
E. Benefits of the Study

In this study the writer expects that the research paper has some benefits
both in theory and practice:
1. Theoretical benefit:
a. The finding of this research will enrich the theory of students` speaking
mastery.
b. The result of the research paper can be a useful input in teaching
speaking using debate method.
2. Practical benefit:
a. The reader will get a large knowledge about teaching speaking using

debate method.
b. It will give the information and knowledge about the implementation of
debate method in teaching speaking.