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':"- __ ·~KES's 1st Annual


Science Fair!
Encouraging Curiousity & Creativity
WHEN: Thursday, March IOt\ 2011 6:30 - 7:30 pm

WHERE: KES School Cafeteria

WHAT: A voluntary, extracurricular, non-competitive Science Fair. The focus of the Fair is
to inspire a love of science and to get students excited about learning! We
want the students to have fun with their projects and not be concerned
about doing the "most creative" or "most complicated" type of project.

WHO: All students in all grades are invited to participate. Students can work individually
or with a friend or two. All students who participate in the Fair will receive
a participation ribbon as well as 100 extra credit points!

What To Do Next
1. Complete the attached Registration Form and return to your child's homeroom teacher
by Tuesday, March 1'" 2011.
2. There are five ways in which your child can participate in the Science Fair. We
reviewed each of these with the students last week at our kick off meeting and provided
examples. Participation opportunities include:
a. Document an Observation
b. Create a Model
c. Compile a Collection
d. Do a Demonstration
e. Do an Experiment Using the Scientific Method (Information attached in this packet)
3. Decide a project theme. Attached are grade appropriate project suggestions as well as
lists of websites focused on science fair project ideas. In addition, the KES Library will
have science related books on display to provide your child with possible project ideas.
4. Help your child decide if he/she will work on the project individually or with a friend or
two. Students from different grades can work together on the project. Parents should
feel free to help younger students as needed.
5. Projects should be documented on a 3 fold poster board if possible. Examples of how to
document the project are also included in this packet.
6. Students bring their poster board and any other materials to the Fair prior to the 6:30
p.m. start time and set up in the Cafeteria.
7. Students wiu stand by their project and explain what they did as other students and
families come by.
8. At the end of the Fair, families will move their child's poster board to the school's
library where it will remain on display for a week so all students can view them.
Students wiu then take them home on Friday, March 25 2011. t
~ KES' Science Fair
~"HOW TO" Packet

All projects must be documented on a Poster Board. Only students doing an experiment are
required to follow the Scientific Method when documenting information on their poster board.

Students in Grades K_3rd Grade

Many of your projects may involve basic process skills. You may decide to do a project that is less
involved like an Observation, Collection or a Model. In these projects, process skills are mostly
organizational and include:

• Observing:
Use your five senses and identify characteristics of objects and their interactions. Identify and label
what you observed.

• Comparing:
Objects and events are examined in terms of similarities and differences. When you compare what
is known to what isn't known, you'll gain knowledge about the unknown! All measurements
(weight, capacity, quantity, relative position, temperature, voltage, etc.) are forms of comparing.
Document what you compared; how they compared and what you learned.

• Collecting
Gathering items of like or unlike characteristics for further comparisons.

• Documenting
There's no "right" way to document your project. Be creative and have fun! Pictures add visual
interest - you can also illustrate your findings as well. Your poster should contain:

.:. What your study was and if you had a question about what you were trying to learn, that
should be included in the center of the board .

•:. List of materials used or collected .

•:. The steps you followed - your process/ procedure .

•:. Observations if any along the way, photos of observations can/should be included .

•:. Conclusion of what you learned and/or observed.

KE~'~cienceFair "HowTo" Packet (Page1,)
Students Grades 4th - 6th Grade
You may also decide to do Observations, Collections or a Model, but you may be more interested in
doing a demonstration or an experiment. If you choose to do a model, you will follow some of the
same observation skills listed above. If you choose to do an experiment, you will be using more
relational versus organizational skills. When doing an experiment, you will be weaving concrete
and abstract ideas together to test to test or explain your outcomes. You'll use the Scientific
Metbod to answer the question or solve the problem in the experiment. It consists of these six
steps. A Scientific Method form is also included in this packet for your use. The six steps are:

1. Identify the problem: simply stated, what are you trying to find out with your experiment.

2. Hypothesis: think about what you already know about the problem and propose a
possible solution.

3. Materials: list the materials you'll be using for the experiment.

4. Procedure: list the steps, in order, that you followed while doing the experiment.
You can document the steps with photographs.

5. Results: chart or graph your results, photos can also be used for your results.

6. Conclusion: what did you learn or discover by doing your experiment? Was your
hypothesis correct? Why or why not?

If you are doing an experiment for your project, you may opt to "do it" at the Fair. If this is the
case, you will need to get your experiment and materials approved in advance by your teacher.
You will still need to document your project on poster board. Be sure to include the Scientific
Method in your documentation.

You can display the Scientific Method as follows:

Center Board:
.:. Identify the Problem or purpose of your experiment.
.:. Hypothesis
.:. Materials Used

Left Side of Board:

.:. Procedure (photos. graphs. charts can be included)

Right Side of Board

.:. Results (photos, graphs. charts can be included)
.:. Conclusion
KES's Science Fair
Scientific Method

1. Problem:

3. Materials:

4. Procedure:

5. Results:

6: Conclusion:
KE Science Fair
esource ebsites
This isjust a sample listing of some websites your students can check ... however, the online resources are vast
- your child can do his/her own search generically using Science Fair Projects andfind additional sitesfor
project ideas or search more specifically once the topic is known.

** General Sites
www.sciencebuddies.org, www.showboard.com, www.discoveryschool.com
http://school.discovery.comlsciencefaircentral, www.sciencestuff.com
www.google.comlsciencefair - Google's official website for online science fair help
www.all-science-fair-projects.coml- Over 500 free science fair project ideas with instructions
www.sciencebob.comlsciencefairlideas.php - List of science fair ideas
www.accessexcellence.orgIRC/scifair.php - Elementary student resources for choosing good science fair
www.super-science-fair-projects.com - Over 500 ideas, topics & experiments
www.surfnetkids.comklsciencefair.htm - Recommends 6 Science Fair Web sites
http://scienceview.berkelye.edu/showcase/ - Lawrence Hall of Science's Interactive Science Site
http://www.globe.gov/fsVwe1come.html - An international science education program
http://www.geocities.comlthesciencefiles/sciencepg.html - Comprehensive Science and Mathematics
online from Worsley School
** NASA, Space, Earth & Flight Related
http://www.energyguest.ca.gov/story/index.html - The Energy Story
www.lunar.org; http://www.apogeerockets.comlindex.asp - Model Rocketry
http://nar.org/NARTS/mahler/ultra.html - Low Cost Rocket Launcher Instructions
http://kids.earth.nasa.gov/ - For Kids Only - People, Land, Air, Water, Natural Disasters
http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod/index/ - An awesome site for Astronomical Pictures of the Day
http://www.physlink.comlIndex.cfm - Physics and Astronomy Online
http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/StarChild/StarChild.html - A good introduction to the universe
http://www.sternnet.nf.ca/CITE/paper.htm - Learn how to build all kinds of paper airplanes
http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/ - Image database of Earth from NASA
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/ Windows on the Universe
** The Human Body
http://www.smm.org/heart/heart/top.html - Interesting presentation of the mechanics of the heart and
** The Environment
http://teachearth.comlstates/California.html - California' s Earth-related agencies and organizations
http://www.bigelow.org/virtual/ - Virtual tour of Earth Sciences
** Animals & Wildlife
http://www.enature.comllocalguide/localguide standard display.asp?curGroupID= 1&zipcode=94595 -
Local wildlife listings
http://birds.comell.edu/birdhouse/bhbasicslbhbasics index.html - Guidelines for building birdhouses
http://www.nwf.orglbackyardwildlifehabitat/ - Make your backyard a wildlife habitat
KES Science air
Most Commonly Asked Questions
1. Do I have to participate?
No, it's completely voluntary, but why wouldn't you? You'll have fun and receive 100 extra credit

2. Can I work with my friends, and if so, how many? Do they have to be in my class and/or
grade to be on my team?
Yes, you can work with your friends; they don't have to be in your class or grade to be part of your team.
We strongly recommend not working with more than 2 friends. That keeps the group size manageable
and each can student can playa meaningful role. You can also work independently.

3. If I work with a friend or two, do we each receive 100 extra credit points?
Yes, provided their names are on the Registration Form and their parents have signed the form. All team
members should be fully versed on the project and able to answer questions from parents, students and
community members the night of the Fair.

4. If I can't make the Fair on March 101\ but want to drop off my project - can I do that and
still receive the 100 extra credit points?
Yes, but we're hoping all students are at the Fair to answer questions whenever possible.

5. Can we do more than 1 project? And if so, how many can I do?
Yes, but you will still just receive the 100 extra credit points. The points are awarded based on
participation, not on the number of projects you complete. If you decide to do an additional project -
that's fine, provided you are able to explain both to visitors. It would be difficult to do more than two
projects and be available to present them and/or answer questions.

6. Do I have to do a 3 fold poster board? Can't I just tell visitors what I did?
All projects must be documented with a poster board. A three fold board is preferable since it stands on
it's own but you can use a poster board and bring a table easel if you prefer. The three fold display boards
can be purchased at Target, Staples, Office Depot, and Office Max and sometimes in stores like
Walgreens & Wal-Mart.

7. What's the Scientific Method and do I have to do it?

You would only do the Scientific Method if you are doing an experiment and there is information in this
packet on how to complete the form.

8. Can we do the experiment or demonstration at the Fair?

Yes, depending upon the experiment or demonstration. Some experiments require a period of time that is
greater than the Fair allows. In those instances, documenting your experiment with pictures, materials
used, steps in the process, etc., on your poster board would be the way to go. If you experiment or
demonstration is brief, and transportable, it most likely can be done at the fair. Experiments that are
extremely messy should have a way to be contained. For example, if you are showing an erupting
volcano, you must have a way to capture the foaming liquid so it doesn't spill on the table. Students who
are planning to bring their experiment or demonstration must first get approval from their teacher to
ensure that the materials being brought to school are acceptable.

9. Can live animals be brought to school if they are part of the experiment?
What about if they are small and in a cage?
Generally animals should not be brought to the Science Fair - instead, pictures of the animal on your
display board would be the way to proceed. Small, caged animals and insects are most likely fine to bring
to the Fair. If you are planning to do this, you mustfirst get approvalfrom your teacher.

10. When do I bring my project home?

After the Fair, you will immediately bring your project board to the library where it will stay on
display until Friday, March 25th• You will get your project from the library on that day and bring it
home. Do not leave anything but your project board in the library for display.

11. When should I arrive at the Fair?

Plan to arrive at 6: 15 to set up your display.

/fyou have additional questions, please feel free to direct them to your teacher and or the PTO
Science Fair Team Members:
Carolyn Bentzinger: cmbentzinger(ciJ,gmail.com. Heather Bohman: hbohman(ciJ,satx.rr. com.
or Maritza Gonzalez-Cooper txwildOowerl969@gmail.com or 210-865-9784

Thanks for Supporting KES's 1st Annual Science Fair!

Insights Visual Productions P. O. Box 644, Encinitas, CA 92024


Fingerprints What makes a bird a bird

Shadows The crayfish
Crystals All about crickets (or bees, beetles, etc.)
Properties of solid, liquid, gases Earthworms
Objects that block and pass light Spider webs
Gravity Watching an ant colony
Shapes of magnetic fields How insects change
Parts of a flame (candle observation) Living things in my yard
Rocks and minerals Trees near my home
The moon Leaf prints
Planets you can see Parts of a flower
Our sun Roots of different plants
Constellations Inside the egg
Local weather Teeth
How to read a weather map Seashells
Clouds How animals hide and defend
All about horses (or dogs, frogs, etc.) Animal tracks
A beaver home Raising finches (or rabbits, gerbils, etc.)
Local wildlife Fish prints


Chemical elements (carbon, lead, iron, etc.) Bones

Solids, liquids, gases Seashells
Rocks Leaves (indoor or outdoor plants)
Rocks from two beaches (or areas) Seeds
Different varieties of sand Bark rubbings
Different types of soil Insects
Fossils Feathers

Models and Demonstrations

How a bicycle works Does air have weight?

Howa generator (or motor) works Does fire use something in air?
Simple machines Does air exert pressure?
Levers Evaporation
Pulleys How are sounds produced?
Open and closed circuits Why things float or sink
How a switch works Why elevators have counterweights
How fuses work How things move on movie film
How a flashlight works Why the wind blows
How light reflects What makes hail?
Mixing colors What is ground water?
How magnets work Inside our earth (model)
An electromagnet The earth's surface features (model)
Friction Volcanoes (model)
Newton's 3m Law Features of the sea floor (model)
How thermometers work Our solar system (model)
Heat and air (convection mobile) Galaxies and our Milky Way (model)
Does fire give off water? Optical illusions
Do plants give off water? How the ear works (model)
Tree rings How seeds travel

Magnetic and nonmagnetic materials Depth of snow at ten different locations
Which magnet is strongest? Testing a sundial with a clock
Which materials conducts electricity best? Which brand of raisin bran has the most
Whil"'h h",,,,t hQct?
Sounds from different rubber bands What a plant needs to grow
Which toy car rolls furthest? Do plants prefer tap water or distilled water?
Which materials dissolve in water? How temperature affects plant growth
Which paper towel absorbs the most water? Do plants give off water?
Will an ice cube melt faster when crushed up? In which soil do plants grow best?
Do coins corrode more in salt or fresh water? Growing potatoes at different locations
How vinegar affects egg shells How fast do kidney beans grow?
Howa shadow changes throughout the day Do large apples have more seeds than small
Measuring rainfall with a rain gauge ones?
What is the best condition for mold growth? Do different types of apples have different
Can an earthworm detect light and darkness? amounts of seeds
How far does a mealworm or snail travel in one What conditions do pill bugs prefer (light or
minute dark, moist or dry)?


Insights Visual Productions P. O. Box 644, Encinitas, CA 92024


How heat is transmitted What is a transistor?

An energy-efficient home Electronic components and their functions
What makes a hot air balloon rise? Hydroelectric power
Expansion of solids, liquids & gases The series and parallel circuits
when heated How airplanes fly
How a thermostat works How a wing works
How a toaster works How rockets fly
The steam engine Looping rollercoasters - how they work
The periscope How a canal lock works
Kaleidoscopes Primitive clocks
How binoculars work Distillation
How a microscope works Solar still
How a telescope works Water filtration
What makes rainbows? pH and how to measure it
Different types of mirrors Acids, bases and pH
Lenses and what they do How elements combine to make compounds
How a camera works Capillary action
How Polaroid glasses work Radioactivity and Geiger counters
What causes light to bend? The sextant or quadrant
How photocells work What is density?
How a prism works What is surface tension?
The pinhole camera Weather forecasting
The Doppler effect How a barometer works
What causes echoes Cloud chamber
How a record player works Effects of air pressure
How an electric motor works Fermentation
How a generator works Osmosis
Batteries, how they work Phases of the moon (working model)
The telegraph Eclipses
What is a transformer? Bird wings and how they work
How a geyser works Photosynthesis
Harvesting wind with windmills Hydroponics
How clouds form Yeast action in bread
Different types of earthquake faults How yogurt is made
Sedimentation How cheese is made
How a sundial works Paper recycling
How the human heart works (model) Aluminum recycling
The circulatory system Glass recycling
The ear Oil wells - how they work
Tooth decay Why a fish has fins
The submarine


Which metals conduct heat best? The effects of swimming pool water (chlorine)
Measuring the calories in a peanut on hair
Which materials make the best heat Testing sugar in soft drinks
insulators? Testing various orange drinks for vitamin C
Which color of liquid absorbs the most heat? How well do various fabrics absorb dye?
Which color container absorbs the most heat? Who has greater body density, boys or girls?
Which color container cools off quickest? How strong is a spider web thread?
How temperature affects the height at which The velocity of water through same size tubes
balls bounce of different material
Do black bottom swimming pools keep the The velocity of different liquids through same
water warmer? size tubes
How constant is the temperature in my Density of various liquids
refrigerator? How accurate is the temperature knob of my
The effects of washing on dyed materials oven?
Can popcorn be desalted by freezing? The effects of light on dyed material
Popcorn: a graphical analysis of pops per Materials that absorb sound
second String telephones: what materials work best in
Ink evaluation with paper chromatography conducting sound
Splat - a study in droplet patterns Conductivity of various materials
What is the voltage range of the GE-14 bulb? How increasing the number of batteries affects
the speed of a motor

Paper airplane performance Power from the waves

Robots Testing different water turbine blades
Using electromagnets to power a car Speed of clouds using photography
Computer projects Using feathers to clean up oil spills
Storing the sun's energy
Power from rising air

Earth Science
Composition of sand Speed of clouds using photography
Water retention of different soils Using feathers to clean up oil spills
Using a computer for mineral identification The effects of water on different types of wood
How much dust falls on your lawn in a month? Charting the apparent motion of Polaris
How clean is our air? The effect of wave action on different rocks
How acid is our rain? using a tumbler


Which firewood gives the most heat per Water solubility of suntan lotions
dollar? Meat, fat and moisture content of hot dogs
Can a roof overhang cut summer cooling Which popcorn pops the most?
costs? Up to bat - wood or aluminum?
Comparative study of various packing Fishing lines take the strength test
materials Leaky faucets - how much do they cost us?
How much money can a pool cover save? Which uses more water - a shower or a bath?
Which candle is the best buy? Which container or wrapping preserves food
Which light bulb is most efficient? best?
Are TV commercials louder than regular Which paper towel is most absorbent?
programming? Which diaper is best?
Frequency and length of TV commercials in a Comparison of locks - which is best?
1-hour s Which nails have the best holding power?
Which battery is the best buy? How long are yellow lights at various
How much does it cost to run a refrigerator? intersections?
Which stain remover works best? Do parking meters give us the right time?
Which detergent removes grass stains best? The effects of deodorants on clothes
Which detergent cuts grease the best? Which paint protects wood the best?
Which detergent has the longest lasting suds? The effectiveness of different wood
Waterproofing agents - which is the best? preservatives
Shampoo evaluation

Life Science

Does a magnetic field affect the growth of How many grams of food does a rabbit eat per
beans? day?
Does electricity affect the growth of beans? Chickens and colored corn - which will they
Does temperature affect the growth of plants? eat?
How do plants react to different kinds of music? Do pyramids preserve food?
Do plants grow better with tap or distilled Light vs. vision - which color is best?
water? Night vision and the effects of colored objects
The effects of root bounding on plant growth Does a blindfolded person walk in a circle?
Effects of artificial vs. natural light on plants Left-hand, right-hand transference using a
Under what color cellophane do plants grow "mirror tracing"
best? Reading and remembering with different
Can you give a plant too much fertilizer? colored paper - which is best?
Testing different potting soils Flexibility: boys vs. girls
Which mulch covering works best? Do adults know U.S. geography? (or math
Do seeds sprout better in cold or hot climates? skills, science concepts, etc.)
Under what thickness of plastic do radishes How do people react when seeing a teenager
grow best? shoplift?
How the amount of light affects growth of Hot tubs and their effect on blood pressure
marigolds Smoking vs. lung capacity
Do avocados ripen more evenly with the stems Lung power of different age groups
left on? Lung power: children vs. adults
Effects of the environment on popcorn (heat, Do roots always grow down?
COld, moisture, time, etc.) Do mirrors affect the way plants grow?
Does aspirin prolong the life of cut carnations? Leaf size versus leaf location
How fast does a mealworm (or snail) travel? Ant control: natural vs. chemical repellants
The speed of snails on different surfaces Do goldfish grow larger in a larger tank?
Effects of household pesticides on earthworms Fish feedinq - the effects of liqht

Scientific Method Flowchart

1. Definelldentify the Problem

2. Form a Hypothesis
3. Make Observations or Test Hypothesis and Perform Experiments
4. Organize and Analyze Data
5. Do Experiments and Observations Support Hypothesis?
o If No, Perform New Experiments and Repeat Step 4
6. Draw Conclusions
7. Communicate Results

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L- '
dence Fair Re~istrationForm
Thursday, March 10th, 2011 6:30 p.m. - 7:30 p.m.
Registrations Are Due March 1st, 2011
Student Name(s)* _
*All student names must be listed on Registration Form to receive credit for Project.

Grade(s) _ Teacher(s) _

Category for Project Participation - Please Check

[J Observation [J Demonstration
[J Model [J Experiment Using Scientific Method
[J Collection
Science Fair Project Title: _

Brief Project Description: _

If doing an experiment or demonstration, prior approval from your teacher is required. Please
list major props/materials you are planning to bring to school:

Special Needs: [J Electrical Outlet [J Other (please explain) _

Parent Signatures*: _
"Signatures must be of all parents of students participating in project.

Number(s): _