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TRIAL EXAMINATIONS 2017 : MATHEMATICS : PAPER II Page 1 of 29

HILTON COLLEGE
TRIAL EXAMINATIONS
AUGUST 2017

MATHEMATICS : PAPER II

M E M O R A N D U M ! !

EXAMINATION NUMBER:

Time: 3 hours 180 marks

Examiner: Mr P de Wet
Moderator: Mr T Mills

PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY

1. This question paper consists of 28 pages (numbered 1 – 28) as well as a yellow


information sheet of 2 pages (numbered i to ii). Please check that your paper is
complete.
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MEMORANDU
TRIAL EXAMINATIONS 2017 : MATHEMATICS : PAPER II

2.
3.
Unless otherwise specified answers should be given to 1 decimal place.
Work neatly and show all working details.
Page 2 of 29

HONOUR PLEDGE:

I hereby pledge that I have neither given nor received help on this examination.

Signed: ……………………………………….

For markers’ use only

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SECTION A
QUESTION 1

Consider the diagram below:

(a) Determine the mid-point of line AB. (2)

 3;5  aa

(b) Give the


6equation of the perpendicular bisector of AB (3)
mAB   3
2
1 
m 
3 m
1 
 y  5   x  3
3 ca
1
y  x  4
3

ca

(c) Give the equation of the circle which has C as centre and the x-axis as a
tangent. (3)
 2  2 
 xa  5    ya 3   9a

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QUESTION 1 continued…

(d) Give the coordinates of point D if ABCD is a parallelogram. (2)


 
D  a7;9  a

(e) Give the angle of inclination of line AC (2)


5
tan  mAC 
7 
5 m
  tan1  35.5
7 
a

12 marks

QUESTION 2

(a) Answer True or False: (4)

cos  90  x   sin x


(i)

FALSE a

   180;270
(ii) If then sin2  0

TRUE 
a
x
y  sin  
(iii) The graph of  2  has a period of 180

FALSE 
a
(iv) The minimum value of 2sin x cos x is 1

TRUE 
a

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QUESTION 2 continued…
2
sin 
(b) Given that 5 and that tan   0 , draw a sketch on the axes below. (3)
You should label 


a

5
 21; 2  a


a –

(c) Hence or otherwise determine:

(i) cos  in surd form (1)

 21 
cos  
5 ca

(ii)  to 1 d.p. (2)


2
  180  sin1
5
  203.6 m

a

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QUESTION 2 continued…

(d) If cos10  p then express the following in terms of p:

(i) sin100 (1)

sin100  cos10  p 
a

(ii) cos160 (2)


  cos 20


  2cos2 10
a  1 
 1  2p 2

a
(e) Write down the equation of each of the graphs shown below: (4)

(i) (ii)

 
y  3 sin2x y  tan x1
a a a a
17 marks

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QUESTION 3

(a) Given the 15 ranked Mathematics results below:

34 ; 37 ; 41 ; 45 ; 52 ; 52 ; 56 ; 57 ; 63 ; 65 ; 70 ; 72 ; 78 ; 83 and 87

(i) Give the modal value. (1)

52 
a
(ii) Determine the inter-quartile range. (2)
IQR  Q3  Q1
 72  45

 27  a
ca
(b) Three different scatter plots are given below:

Plot 1 Plot 2 Plot 3


Images taken from http://nagysandor.eu/AsimovTeka/correlation_en/

Assign each plot one of the following correlation coefficients:

0.74 ; 0.32 and 0.8 . (3)

Plot 1 0.32 
a
Plot 2 0.8 
a
Plot 3 -0.74 
a

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QUESTION 3 continued… 2
n

  xi  x   240
(c) John has some numbers such that i 1 .

Their standard deviation is   2 5 .


Determine, n the number of numbers. (3)
240
 
2
 2 5
n

240
n  a
 
2
2 5

 n  12 a

ca

9 marks

QUESTION 4

(a) Complete the following statements:

(i) If a line cuts two sides of a triangle in the same proportion then…… (1)

it is parallel to the third side 


a
(ii) The angle subtended at the centre of a circle is …… (1)

double the angle subtended at the circumference 


a
(iii) If the opposite angles of a quadrilateral are supplementary then…… (1)

the quadrilateral is cyclic 


a

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QUESTION 4 continued…

(b) Determine the sizes of the angles marked with letters in the following
diagrams. No reasons need to be given. In each case O is the centre of
the circle.

(i) O is the centre of the circle (3)

a  38  64
 a  26

 b  26 a
 c  26 
a

a

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QUESTION 4 continued…

(ii) O is the centre of the circle and AB is a tangent to the circle at T. (3)

B
d  46 
e  36 a
f  36 
a
a

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QUESTION 4 continued…

(c) Determine the value of k giving reasons: (3)

k k 1
   proportional intercept
 theorem 
2k k a1 a
 2  k  1  k  1
 2k  2  k  1
k  3

a

12 marks

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QUESTION 5

(a) Determine, to one decimal place, the smallest angle in the triangle below: (3)

92  8 2  7 2
cos Cˆ 
2  9  8
 
2
 Cˆ  cos 1 m a
3
 Cˆ  48.2

ca

(b) An isosceles triangle has an area of 16 cm2. If the two equal sides are 8 cm (4)
then determine, to the nearst whole number, the angle between them.
1
16   8  8  sin
2
16  32 sin  
m a
1
 sin 
2
  30 or 150
 
ca ca

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QUESTION 5 continued…

   0;360
(c) Solve for :

(i)  3cos   11  sin  2   0 (3)


 cos   or sin  2  impossible 
3a
1
  cos1
3
  70.5 aor 289.5

a

(ii) 3 sin2  5cos 2 (5)


 3 tan 2  5
5 
 tan2  
3 m
 2  120.96  180k
  60.5  90k 
  60.5 or 150.5  m or 240.5 or 330.5
a  
ca ca

15 marks

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QUESTION 6

In the diagram, O is the center of the circle. Find, with reasons, the angles
labelled a to e. (10)

a  33  isos. , radii 



b  114a   sum of 
 a
a    at centre 
c  57 
 a
a   opp. s of cyclic
d  123 quad 
 a
e  121a  opp. s of cyclic quad  
 a
a 
a
TOTAL FOR SECTION A – 75 MARKS
10 marks

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SECTION B

QUESTION 7

(a) The farm manager does an experiment by putting different number of cows
into identical fields for three days each. At the end of the time he measures
the length of the remaining grass in a number of places in each field in order
to arrive at an average. The results are as follows:

Number of cows in field Average grass length after 3 days (cm)


20 60
30 40
40 37
50 28
60 12
70 10
80 7

(i) Determine, to 2 d.p. the correlation coefficient and comment on what


it tells you about the relationship between the number of cows and
the average grass length after three days. (3)

r  0.97 
a
There is a strong negative correlation. 
The more cows the shorter the grass. a
a
(ii) Determine the equation of the least squares regression line
(the line of best fit) using x to represent the number of cows and
y to represent the average grass length after three days. (3)
y  0.8714 x  71.286   
a a a
(iii) The farm manager wonders about using the model in (ii) to determine
the average grass length after three days for more than 80 cows.
Comment on this. (1)

This is extrapolation and is unreliable. After a certain number of cows


there will be no grass left and therefore not possible to predict using
the model in (ii) 
a

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QUESTION 7 continued…

(b) The Final Grade 11 Mathematics results for the Grade 11 class
of 2016 are portrayed in the cumulative frequency diagram below.
Use the curve to answer the questions which follow.

(i) Determine the median mark. (2)

There are 94 boys so median mark read off at 47. 


m
70% 
a
(ii) What is the probability that a randomly selected pupil achieved
Between 60% and 80%? (3)

32 achieved less than 60


70 achieved less than 80
So, 38 out of 94 achieved between 60 and 80  
m a
So, a probability of 40.4% 
ca

12 marks

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QUESTION 8

The circle x  30 x  y  20y  200  0 has two tangents as shown.


2 2
(a)
The equation of the tangent at A is given.

(i) x 2  30 x  ythe
Determine
2
equation
20 y  200ofthe
0 tangent at B. (5)
  x  15    y  10   200  225  100
2 2


 centre is  15;10  m
5 1
 mrad   
10 2 a
 mtan 2

 y  5  2  x  25  m

 y  2 x  45 a


ca
(ii) It is given that the equation of the tangent at B is y  2 x  45 .
Hence, or otherwise, determine the coordinates of point C, the point
at whichythe
solve  2tangents intersect.
x  45 and x  2y  60 (3)
 y  2  60  2 y   45
 y  120  2y  45 
 3 y  75 m
 y  25 and  x  10
 C  10;25  m
 
ca ca

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QUESTION 8 continued…

(b) Determine  in the diagram below. (5)


The line sloping downhill has a gradient of -1
m so an angle
of inclination of 135o. 
a 
The line sloping uphill has an angle of inclination of a60 o.

  75  sum of   
ca for
oth
13 marks

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QUESTION 9

(a) In the diagram below CEF is a tangent to the smaller circle.

(i) Prove that CE = CD. (6)


Eˆ 4  Eˆ1  vert . opp. s 

but Eˆ1  Bˆ1  tan  chord  wj
and Bˆ1  Dˆ  ext .  of 
cyclic quad .
wj
 Eˆ 4  Dˆ 
wj
 CE  CD
  isos. 
a  
wj wj

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QUESTION 9 continued…

(ii) Prove that CBE ||| CEA (4)


Cˆ1 is common
Eˆ  Aˆ  tan chord  
3
wj
 Bˆ 2  CEA
ˆ 3 rd
 of   
wj
 CBE ||| CEA  AAA  
wj

wj
Hence, or otherwise, prove that CE  CA.CB
2
(iii) (2)
CBE ||| CEA  proved above 
CE CB
   ||| s 
CA CE 
wj
 CE  CA.CB as required
2

wj

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QUESTION 9 continued…

(b) In the diagram CEG and CD are tangents to the circle with center O.
Eˆ  120
3

(i) Prove that CODE is a cyclic quadrilateral. (3)


ˆ  ODE
OCE ˆ  90  radius  tangent 

ˆ  ODE
 OCE ˆ  180 wj

 converse opp. angles 
 CODE is cyclic  wj 
 of CQ supplementary  
wj

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QUESTION 9 continued…

Eˆ  Eˆ 2
(ii) Prove that 1 . (5)
Dˆ  Cˆ  isos. 
2 2 radii 

but Dˆ 2 Eˆ1 and Cˆ 2 Eˆ 2 wj s in same segment 

 Eˆ1  Eˆ 2 wj

wj

(iii) Calculate, F̂ giving reasons. (2)


Oˆ1  Oˆ 2  120  ext.  of cyclic quad  
 F  60  at center  wj

wj

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QUESTION 9 continued…

(c) In the diagram below ABCD is a parallelogram with the diagonals drawn.
EF || BD , CF  2 cm and FD  3 cm

CE
(i) Determine, giving reasons, the value of CA (3)
CE CF 2
   prop. int. theorem 
CG CD 5

but CA  2CG  diags. of parm bisect wj 
CE 1 
  wj
CA 5

a

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QUESTION 9 continued…
area GEFD
in s ECF and GCD
(ii) Determine,
ˆ
ECF with reasons, area
is common
ABCD (6)

ˆ
ˆ  CGD ˆ  CDG
ˆ  corr . s on 
CEF and CFE  
 || lines 
 ECF ||| GCD  AAA  
2  ratios of areas ofm similar 
ECF  2  4  
     figures is the square of 
GCD  5  25  
 the ratios of their sides 
a
21
 area GEFD  area CGD
25 
m
 common hts 
but CGD  GAD  AGB  GBC  
 equal bases 

21
 area GEFD  area ABCDa
100
area GEFD 21 
 
area ABCD 100 m


a

31 marks

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QUESTION 10
sin2 x
 2 tan x
(a) Prove the sin 2 x cos 2 x  sin2 x
identity: (4)
LHS 
cos 2 x  sin2 x
2sin x cos x

cos x  sin2 x  sin2 x
2

2sin x cos x 
 2 a
 cos x
a 2sin x
 
cos x
a
 2 tan x

 RHS a

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QUESTION 10 continued…

(b) In the picture below. Points A, B and C are on flat ground. C is a point
Immediately below the top of the flag tower F. The distance between A
and B is k meters. The angle of elevation of F from A is  .
CABˆ   and CBA ˆ 

k B

A k sin  tan
FC 
sin     
Show thatk the height ofAC the top of the flag is: (6)

sin  180        sin 
k sin   
 AC 
sin      m a
FC 
now , tan 
AC a
 FC  AC tan 
k sin  tan m
 FC  as required
sin      
a

a

10 marks

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QUESTION 11

The circle with chords AB and CD is given with points A, B, C and D as shown.

 11 9 
mAB  1 and mid  pt
AB   ; 
 2 2
9  11 
so,  bi sec tor is y  ax2 1bx   1  e  0
x  cy 2  dy
Determine the equation in the form 2  2 (7)
 17 7 
mCD  5 and mid  pt CD   ; 
 2 2

7 1 17 
so,  bi sec tor is y     x  a   2 
2 5 2 

solving  1 and  2  simultaneously a
 11  9 1 17  7 
 x       x   
 2 2 5 2  2 a
11 9 x 17 7 
 x      
2 2 5 10 2 a
 10 x  55  45  2 x  17  35

 8 x  152 m
48
x   6 and y  4
8
so, centre is  6;4 

 9  6   6  4
2 2
radius   13

  x  6    y  4   13
2 2

 
 x 2  12 x  36  y 2  8y  16 a 13 a0
 x 2  12 x  y 2  8 y  39  0

m


ca

9 marks

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TOTAL FOR SECTION B – 75 MARKS

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ADDITIONAL SPACE FOR ROUGH WORKING WHICH WILL NOT BE MARKED

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