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Laboratory And Diagnostic Examination Results

Hematology Results
TEST RESULTS UNIT REFERENCE/ Interpretation and Analysis
Norms
Hemoglobin 12 g/L 12-16 I: Hemoglobin mirrors the RBC results. The client’s hemoglobin is within the
normal range but needs to monitor because it is at the lowest range.

A:
This test is a measure of the total amount of Hgb. In the blood. Also used as a rapid
indirect of the RBC count it is reported especially in patients with ongoing
bleeding or as a routine part of the complete blood cell count. It is an integral part
of the evaluation of anemic patients.

The Hgb. Concentration is a measure of the total Hgb., in the peripheral blood. It is
normally performed as a part of a complete blood cell count. Hemoglobin serves as
a vehicle for oxygen and carbon dioxide transport, the oxygen carrying capacity of
the blood is determined by Hgb concentration. Hgb also acts as an important acid –
base buffer system.

(Mosby’s Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests by Pagana, 2nd edition, p.


421)

Hematocrit 37 36-46 I: Hematocrit also proportional to the RBC results. It is within the normal range.

A:The Hematocrit is an indirect measurement of RBC number and volume. It is


used as a rapid measurement of RBC count. It is repeated serially in patients with
ongoing bleeding or as a routine part of the complete blood cell count. It is an
integral part of evaluation for anemic patients
The Hematocrit is a measure of the percentage of the total blood volume that is
made up by RBC’s. Normal values vary according to gender and age. Women tend
to have lower values than men, and it also tend to decrease with age.
(Mosby’s Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests by Pagana, 2nd edition, p.
272)

The hematocrit (Ht or HCT) or packed cell volume (PCV) or erythrocyte volume
fraction (EVF) is the proportion of blood volume that is occupied by red blood
cells.

(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hematocrit)

RBC Count 4.45 x 10^6/uL 4.2-5.4 I: The RBC count is within the normal range

A: A RBC count is used to evaluate any type of decrease or increase in the number
of red blood cells as measured per liter of blood.

(http://www.labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/rbc/test.html)
WBC Count 10.3 x 10 u/L 5.0-10.0 I: The WBC count is higher than the normal value since the client’s body needs to
combat pathogens by phagocytosis and immune response.

A: White blood cell (WBC) count is a count of the actual number of white blood
cells per volume of blood.

(Mosby’s Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests by Pagana, 2nd edition, p.


478)

White blood cells (WBCs), or leukocytes are cells of the immune system defending
the body against both infectious disease and foreign materials.

(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_blood_cell)
Lymphocytes 21 % 20-40 I: The client’s lymphocytes are within the normal range.

A: Lymphocytes can increase in cases of viral infection, leukemia, cancer of the


bone marrow, or radiation therapy. Decreased lymphocyte levels can indicate
diseases that affect the immune system, such as lupus, and the later stages of HIV
infection.

(http://www.labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/differential/test.html)

Monocytes 4 % 2-8 I: The client’s monocytes result is within the normal range.

A: Monocyte levels can increase in response to infection of all kinds as well as to


inflammatory disorders. Monocyte counts are also increased in certain malignant
disorders, including leukemia. Decreased monocyte levels can indicate bone
marrow injury or failure and some forms of leukemia.

(http://www.labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/differential/test.html)
Platelet Count 216 x 10/uL 150-400 I: The client has a normal platelet count.

A:This test is used to identify the presence of intravascular hemolysis. it is quite


nonspecific for indicating the type of hemolytic anemia.

The serum heptoglobin test is used to detect intravascular destruction (Lungs) of


RBC’s, this is called hemolysis

(Mosby’s Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests by Pagana, 2nd edition, p.


478)

Segmenters 75 % 45-65 I: The client’s segmenters is above the normal range..

A: