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Université Mouloud Mammeri de Tizi-Ouzou 2018-2019

Faculté de génie électrique et d’informatique (2 année)

Correction de la série N°2


Exercice 1:
i1 = 3 sin(314t + et i2=5 sin(314t +4
oui1 = 2.12 2 sin (314t + et i2=3.53 2 sin (314t +4
I1 = 2.12 2.12 (cos  + j sin  = (1.84 + j1.06) A
I2 = 3.53 3.53 (cos  + j sin  = (2.50 + j2.50) A

I = I1 + I2 = (1.84 + j1.06) + (2.50 + j2.50) = 4.34 + j3.56 = 


i1 =  2 sin(314t +0.22

Exercice 2:

𝑉𝑅2 ̅̅̅̅̅
a- 𝐼̅2 = ̅̅̅̅ = (45 /0° ) / (3 /0° ) = (15 A/0° ) = (15 - j 0) A , 𝑉
̅ =𝑍̅2 ∗𝐼 2̅ avec 𝑍̅2 = R 2 +
𝑅2
XC = 3 − j3 = 4.24/-45°
̅
b- 𝑉 = 63.64 V/-45°
̅
𝑉
c- 𝐼̅1 = ̅̅̅ = avec ̅𝑍1 = R1 + XL = 5 + j2 = 5.38 /21.8°
𝑍1
̅
d- 𝐼1 = 11.83 A/-66.8° = 4.66 –j10.87
e- 𝐼𝑡̅ = 𝐼1̅ + 𝐼2̅ = 19.66 – j10.87 = 22.46A/-28.94°

Exercice 3:
R = 20 , L = 0.20 H, V = 132 V , f = 50 Hz ( = 314 rd/s )
1- R , L en série
a- Impédance : Z = R + jXL = R + j L = 20 + j62.83
2 2
Z  R  X L 66 et tg = XL/R = 62.83/20 = 3.14 et cos = R/Z = 20 /66 = 0.303
b- Courant : I = V /Z = V°/ Z° = 132/660° = 2A0°
V

R
V = Z.I j LI

L

RI I

2- R , C en série

c- Impédance : Z = R + jXc = R – j1/ C = 20 – j31.83


2 2
Z  R  X C  37.59  et tg = XC/R = 31.83/20 = 1.59

1
d- Courant : I = V /Z = V°/ Z° = 132/37.590° = 3.5A0°

RI I
I
R 
V
-j/C V = Z.I
-jI/ C

Exercice 4 :
R = 20 , L = 0.20 H, C = 100 F ;V = 132 V , f = 50 Hz ( = 314 rd/s )

a- Impédance : Z = R + j(XL-Xc) = R + j (L - 1/c ) = 20 + j(62.83 – 31.83) = 20 + j 31

2  2
Z  R   X L  X c  37 et tg = (XL- XC)/R = 31/20 = 1.55
 
et cos = R/Z = 20 /37 = 0.54 avec  = 57° inductif.
b- Courant : I = V /Z = V°/ Z° = 132/370° = 3.57A0°.
C
I
V
R -j I/c

V V = Z.I
j LI
L

RI I

R -j/C
Exercice 5 : jL

a- Impédance équivalente : Z = R + j(XL-Xc)


= R + j (L - 1/c ) = 100 + j(500 – 400) = 100 + j 100 I
VR VL VC

2
2
Z  R   X L  X c 
  V
Avec XL = L = L.2f = 500  et XC = 1/C = 400 .

100 2  500  400   141.42 


2
Z 
= actg100/100 = /4 rd et Z = 141.42 /4

b- Courant : I = V /Z = 1000/ 141.42 /4 = 0.707 A -/4

2
c- Tensions aux bornes des éléments :

̅̅̅
VR = R. I̅ = 100 /0 . 0.707 -/4 = 70.7 V -/4

VL  j X L I = 500 /2. 0.707 -/4 = 353.5 V /4

VC  j X C I = 400 -/2. 0.707 -/4 = 282.8 V -3/4

Exercice 6 :
I1 I1
R1 I2 Ic R1

V V2 V
R2 Xc Z2

Z2 = (R . jXL)/ (R+ jXL) = [20 (-j11.55)/ 20 +(-j11.55)] = 231--30


= 10 -5 + j8.66) .
Méthode du diviseur de tension :

V2 = V .Z2 / (R1+ Z2) = [17260]/ [10+(5-j8.66)] = 1732 -617,32 -30


= 100-30° = (86.66 – j 50)V Ic
I1
60°
Ic = V2 /Xc = 100-30/ 11.5 = 8.66 A 60° = (4.33 + j7.5) A 30° V
-30°

I2 = V2 /R2 = 100-30/ 20 = 5 A -30° = (4.33 – j2.5) A I2


V2

I1 = V1 /R2 = (V- V2) /R2 = [173.2 – (86.66 – j 50)]/ 10 = (8.66 + j5) A = 10 A 30°

Ou I1 = Ic + I2 = (4.33 + j7.5) A + (4.33 – j2.5) A = (8.66 + j 5 ) A

Exercice 7 :
R2 I2
VR1 V3
It
I3 V2
R1 I1 X3
X2 I’2
U V1 X1
V4

X4

3
V2 = 40 /0° . 0.2 /0° = 8 V /0°

I’2 = V2 /jX2 = 80/ 50 = 0.16 A -90° = -j0.16 A

I3 = I2 + I’2 = (0.2 – j0.16) A = 0.26 A -38.66°

V3= I3. Z3= 0.26 A -38.66°. 90 /-90° . 10 /0° = 23.5 V /51.34° = (14.62 + j 18.27) V

V4= I4. Z4= 0.26 A -38.66°. 65 /-90° . = 16.9 V /-128.66° = (-10.56 - j 13.2) V

V1= V2+ V3+ V4= 8 + (14.62 + j 18.27) + (-10.56 - j 13.2) = (12.08 + j5.07) = 13.08V 22.08°

I1 = V1 /X1 = 13.08V 22.08°/ 100 = 0.13 A 112.8° = (-0.05 + j0.12) A

It = I1 + I3 = (-0.05 + j0.12) + (0.2 – j0.16) = (0.15 – j0.04) = 0.155 A -14.93°

VR1= R1. It= 20 /0°.0.155 A -14.93°= 3.1V -14.93°= (2.99 – j0.8) V

U = VR1 + V1 = (2.99 – j0.8) + (12.08 + j5.07)= (15.05 + j4.27) = 15.64V 15.8°

Exercice 8 :
1- Calcul des courants I2
R2 X2
a. Calcul de I1:
Z1 = R1- jX1 = 8 – j6 = 10 /-36.87°
I1 = U /Z1 = 2000°/ 10 /-36.87°
I1
R1 U X1
= 20 A 36.87° = (16 + j12) A
I I1
b. Calcul de I2: Fig.6
Z2 = RL- jXL = 3 + j4 = 5 /53.13° 36.87° U
I2 = U /Z2 = 2000°/ 5 /53.13° -26.56°
-53.13°
I
= 40 A -53.13° = (24 – j32) A

c. Calcul de I: I2
I = I1 + I2 = (16 + j12) + (24 – j32) = (40 – j20) A = 44.72 A -26.56°

2-a: Impédance équivalente: Z = U /I = 2000°/44.72 A -26.56° = 4.47/-26.56°

b. Facteur de puissance : cos = cos(-26.56°) = 0.895

Exercice 9 :

1- ̅̅̅
VR = R. I̅ = 8 /0° . 10 /0° = 80 V /0° = (80 + j 0) V
VL = XL . I̅ = 12 /90° . 10 /0° = 120 V /90° = (0 + j 120) V
2- ̅̅̅ VC VL
VC = XC . I̅ = 6 /-90° . 10 /0° = 60 V /-90° = (0 - j 60) V
3- ̅̅̅ V
4- 𝑉̅ = V̅R + V̅L + V̅C = (80 + j 60) V = 100 V /36.87° 
VR I