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12th November 2020

Webinar
Microcables –
Optimal Solution for Denser and
Faster Fiber Deployment

Rakesh Sambaraju
Head - Application Engineering,
Americas, STL

1
Agenda

1 Network Evolution and Bandwidth Growth

2 Cable Technologies and Benefits of Microcables

3 Use Cases

2
Industry is Witnessing Major Technology & Capex Shifts

Massive Connected
5G Virtualization
Data Centres Everything
has arrived by cloud Enterprises Software
companies embrace IoT disrupting networks

Source: GSMA, Canalys, Company & Industry Estimates


© 2019-2020 Sterlite Technologies Limited 3
Unabated Growth in Demand of Optical Fiber
Optical fiber cable deployment
Increasing Deployment Speed
has outpaced the growth of
world economy by ~5x

5x

13.9

38 years 5 years 3 years 2 years


1 Bn Fkm 2 Bn Fkm 3 Bn Fkm 4 Bn Fkm

1970-2008 2008-2013 2013-2016 2016-2018

2.9
1.3

Population GDP (World Optical


economy) Fibrer cable
20 years CAGR: 1997 to 2017 World’s rate of deployment of 1Bn fkm cable has shrunk drastically
from 38 years to less than 2 years
© 2020-2021 Sterlite Technologies Limited Source : CRU 4
Pandemic has Accelerated this Journey

Study and Work from Home have become second nature Online viewing has doubled
Subscriber Additions (Mn) Netflix Net Subscriber Additions (Mn)
Q1’20
zoom is
zoom is now
now worth
worth more
more 16
+15.8 Mn

than world’s
than world’s 77 big
big airlines
airlines 14

12

10

8
7.4
6 6.7

5.2 5.0
4
3.5
3.0
2 2.5

0
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020

Source: Apptopia, IDC, Statista


© 2020-2021 Sterlite Technologies Limited 5
Exponential Growth In Bandwidth
Exponential Growth
Global IP Traffic Growth in Zettabytes

12

10X fiber deployment


9.97
10

8
Nearly 7.76

6
required at 3X the speed 3.82
4.70
6.04

4
3.04
2.41
1.87
2 1.40
0.87 1.06
0.60 0.72
0.34 0.46

0
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
Source: Cisco
© 2020-2021 Sterlite Technologies Limited 6
Cabling Technology and Fiber Density

40

35

30

25
Cable OD (mm)

20

15

10

0
144 288 432 576 864 1728 3456 6912

Fiber Count

MLT Duct Ribbon Duct IBR Duct MLT Microcables IBR microcables

© 2020-2021 Sterlite Technologies Limited 7


Micro Cabling Technologies
Micro Cable Micro Cable Micro Cable Micro Cable Micro Ribbon Cable
96F (12F x 8 LT) 144F (24F x 6 LT) 288F (12F x 24 LT) 576F (24F x 24 LT) 432F (12F Ribbon x 36)

5.8 mm 6 mm 8 mm 10.3 mm 12.5 mm


Features

Thinner Jacket Smaller Tubes More Fibers per 200um Fiber IBR Ribbon
Tube
Benefits

C r e a t e d b y O le n a P a n a s o v s k a
f r o m t h e N o u n P r o je c t

Blow Optimized Reduced Cable Light Weight Easy Handling Smaller Drum Reduced Risk of
Diameter Efficient Logistics Cable Damage
© 2020-2021 Sterlite Technologies Limited 8
The Need for Speed
How Can We Build Denser Networks Faster!!

Denser Urban Deployments


• Micro-trenched green field installs
Denser Faster
• Augmentation of existing duct spaces

Service Segregation
• Multi-way ducts
• Reduced risk to service continuity

Challenges?
• MLT designs – longer splice time
• Specialized equipment Micro Cable Technology Blow Installation

© 2020-2021 Sterlite Technologies Limited 9


Micro Cable
Denser - 4x More Fiber

Traditional duct Microduct


25mm/20mm 12mm/10mm

Maximum Duct Space Optimization

4x
10.6 mm Fiber
8 mm
Density

72F 288F
Conventional Next Generation
Duct Cable Micro Cable

© 2020-2021 Sterlite Technologies Limited 10


Why Micro-LITE 200μm NextGen Micro Solution

› 432 fibers in 8.8 mm diameter cable › Ease of future capacity expansion

High fiber density


Smaller dia

› Existing 2” duct retrofit option #1 - (864f + 2 x 432f) = 1,728 fibers




Individual fibers are more accessible when adding new
Existing 2” duct retrofit option #2 - (5 x 432f) = 2,160 fibers customers or services
› Greenfield ~ 2” 7-way micro-duct (7 x 432f) = 3,024 fibers

Sub-unitized design
Greater duct capacity

› 1.5 km for greenfield duct (14/18 mm) › F1 – F2 separation


› Troubleshooting/Isolation

Greater blow distance › Easier segregation of services

Easy to repair

© 2020-2021 Sterlite Technologies Limited 11


432 Micro Cable Blow Test Results

Speed (m/min)

Blow Distance (m)

› 18/14 mm microduct
› 432 microcable with PE jacket blew 1500+ Meters (0.93 miles)
› PA Jacket extends blow distance to about 1900 meters (1.2 miles)
› Enables single shot installation of significant cable length
© 2020-2021 Sterlite Technologies Limited 12
Faster – Blow vs Pull Installation

Faster deployments with


Micro Cables blown into UG ducts
Parameters Cable Pulling Cable Blowing
Machine Setup time 10 mins 30 mins
Required Manpower 3 to 8 3
Typical Installation Length upto 250 m 2 kms in a single blow
Cable distance pulled for 1 km installation 2500 m 1000 m
Cable pulling/ blowing length per minute ~20 m/min 60-90 m/min
Time taken to install 1 km cable ~3 hours ~ 30 min

Steps involved in
• Pulling manhole every 250m pulling cable C9 C8 C7 C6
• For 1 km install cable is
pulled for 2.5km
C1 C2 C3 C4 C5
• Blow in single shot Figure- 8

8
250m Cable Storage

Pulling requires 2.5x Stage 4: C2 to C1 3: C3 to C2 2: C4 to C3 1: C5 to C4 Total

effort and 6x time


Cable Installed 250m 250m 250m 250m 1000m
Cable Pulled 250m 500m 750m 1000m 2500m

© 2020-2021 Sterlite Technologies Limited 13


Denser and Faster

>10X >6x
Micro Cable
+ 7 Way
Microduct + Blowing

MicroDucts with High-Density


Fiber Cables

© 2020-2021 Sterlite Technologies Limited 14


Our Success Stories
Results from the Field

15
576F Next-Gen Micro Lite Cable in Philippines

World’s slimmest 576F cable


MICRO LOOSE
TUBE WITH
FIBERS & GEL

CENTRAL STRENGTH
MEMBER

WATER SWELLING

Future Ready
YARN

2X more fiber
10.3 mm overall diameter with 200μ fiber

Ideal for future expansion


© 2020-2021 Sterlite Technologies Limited 16
Field Installation
10.3 mm Diameter 576F in 18/14 Duct

Maintain slack to
adjust blowing speed

Record reading to
Even after blowing 1500 m, blowing speed of 85 m/min was estimate blow distance
achieved.

© 2020-2021 Sterlite Technologies Limited 17


Blow Target 3 x 1.5 km, Achieved 5 x 1.5km
Better than expectation

Expectation

3+1deployed 3+2deployed
1 deployed
© 2020-2021 Sterlite Technologies Limited
2deployed 3deployed 18
Complex Deployment with Multiple Turns in Netherlands
Route length

4km
(Mid span blow, 2 km in each direction)

Duct type

7x14/16 mm
Fibre Count

192F 7mm

Blow test route


Limited time

© 2019-2020 Sterlite Technologies Limited 19


Plus
NextGen Blowing Methods Results In 3X Faster Blowing

Mini jet Optical cable Intermediate feed


manhole

Cable reel Feed manhole

Fig-8 cable storage

Route length Avg. blowing speed Optical cable


600m + 600m + 800m

2 km ~160 m/min. Fig-8 cable storage

Pull manhole

Intermediate feed
manhole
Optical cable

© 2019-2020 Sterlite Technologies Limited 20


Q&A
email us:
stl.communications
@stl.tech