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Francophone literature

Francophone literature is literature written in the French language. The

existence of a plurality of literatures in the French language has been
recognised, although the autonomy of these literatures is less defined than
the plurality of literatures written in the English language. Writings in the
French language from Belgium, Canada and Switzerland were
recognised as belonging to distinct traditions long before writings from
colonial territories of France. Writing in French by Africans was formerly
classified as "colonial literature" and discussed as part of colonial studies
for its ethnographical interest, rather than studied for its literary merit.
Any texts in French from the colonies and territories that were considered
to have merit were subsumed under the classification of French literature.
The nature and importance of Francophone literature in various territories
of the former French Empire depends on the concentration of French
settlers, the length of time spent in colonial status, and how developed
indigenous languages were as literary languages. It was only following
the Second World War that a distinction started to be made in literary
studies and anthologies between French literature and other writing in
French. In 1960 Maurice Bémol published Essai sur l'orientation des
littératures de langue française au XXe siècle; the plural in the title
emphasised the study's new approach of examining the level of
autonomy of the languages.[1]
The Serments de Strasbourg, the
Paris remains the most powerful centre of Francophone publishing, oldest preserved text in the
although important publishers have developed elsewhere, notably in French language.
Quebec where influential publishing houses have long attracted
Francophone writers from across the world.[1]

The term has historically been used to refer only to literature from Francophone
countries outside France, but modern usage includes any literature written in
French. Francophone literature therefore applies to the whole French-speaking
world in the broadest sense of the term.

Francophone literature may refer to aspects of:

Literature of French-speaking European countries

Literature of France
Literature of Belgium
Literature of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg Léopold Sédar
Literature of Switzerland Senghor a prominent
Francophone writer
Literature of Canada and politician. Senghor
List of French Canadian writers from outside Quebec was the first African
elected as a member
Literature of Quebec
of the Académie
List of Quebec authors française.

Literature of Louisiana
Literature of the French Caribbean countries and French and
dependencies Francophone literature
Literature of Guadeloupe
Literature of Haiti French literature
Literature of Martinique By category
Literature of Francophone Africa French language
Literature of Algeria
French literary history
Literature of Benin
Literature of Burkina Faso
Literature of Burundi 16th century • 17th century
Literature of Cameroun 18th century • 19th century
Literature of the Central African Republic 20th century • Contemporary
Literature of Chad
Literature of the Comoros Francophone literature
Literature of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Literature of the Republic of the Congo Francophone literature
Literature of Côte d'Ivoire Literature of Quebec
Postcolonial literature
Literature of Djibouti
Literature of Haiti
Literature of Gabon
Literature of Guinea
French-language authors
Literature of Madagascar
Literature of Mali Chronological list
Literature of Mauritania
Literature of Mauritius French writers
Literature of Morocco
Literature of Niger Writers • Novelists
Literature of Rwanda Playwrights • Poets
Literature of Réunion Essayists
Literature of Senegal Short story writers
Literature of the Seychelles
Literature of Togo Forms
Literature of Tunisia
Postcolonial literature Novel • Poetry • Plays
List of African writers (by country)
Francophone literature of countries in Asia
Literature of Lebanon (see: Écrivains libanais Science fiction • Comics
francophones) Fantastique
Literature of Cambodia
Literature of Laos Movements
Literature of Vietnam
Naturalism • Symbolism
Surrealism • Existentialism
Examples of francophone writers Nouveau roman
Theatre of the Absurd
List of French language poets
List of French language authors Criticism and awards
Georges Simenon (Belgium)
Maurice Maeterlinck (Belgium) Literary theory • Critics
Jacques Roumain (Haiti) Literary prizes
Léopold Sédar Senghor (Senegal)
Blaise Cendrars (Switzerland) Most visited
Émile Nelligan (Canada)
Molière • Racine • Balzac
Stendhal • Flaubert
See also Zola • Proust
Beckett • Camus
France • Literature
1. Jack, Belinda (1996). Francophone Literatures (https://archiv
e.org/details/francophoneliter00beli). Oxford: Oxford
University Press. ISBN 0198715072.

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This page was last edited on 18 April 2020, at 13:59 (UTC).

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