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Annexe ❶ Analyse
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Feuilles de Travaux Dirigés No 1 / Corrigé

Exercice 1 :( DS No1 - DNS No5, 7, 10) 𝟏𝟎𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔 ∶ 𝟐, 𝟓 + 𝟒, 𝟓 + 𝟑

Énoncé
𝟏 − 𝟒𝒙 − 𝟑𝒙𝟐 + 𝟐𝒙𝟑
𝑺𝒐𝒊𝒕 𝒇 𝒙 =
𝟏 − 𝟐𝒙 + 𝒙𝟑

1) 𝑫é𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒆𝒓 𝒍𝒆 𝒅é𝒗𝒆𝒍𝒐𝒑𝒑𝒆𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒊𝒕é 𝒅𝒆 𝒇 𝒂𝒖 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕 𝒙𝟎 = 𝟎 , à 𝒍′ 𝒐𝒓𝒅𝒓𝒆 𝟑 𝟐, 𝟓𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔


2) 𝑫é𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒆𝒓 𝒍𝒆 𝒅é𝒗𝒆𝒍𝒐𝒑𝒑𝒆𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒊𝒕é 𝒅𝒆 𝒇 𝒂𝒖 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕 𝒙𝟎 = 𝟎 , à 𝒍′ 𝒐𝒓𝒅𝒓𝒆 𝟑 𝟒, 𝟓𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔
3) 𝑫é𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒆𝒓 𝒍𝒆 𝒅é𝒗𝒆𝒍𝒐𝒑𝒑𝒆𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒊𝒕é 𝒅𝒆 𝐥𝐧 𝒇 𝒂𝒖 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕 𝒙𝟎 = 𝟎 , à 𝒍′ 𝒐𝒓𝒅𝒓𝒆 𝟐 𝟑𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔

Corrigé
1) 𝑬𝒇𝒇𝒆𝒄𝒕𝒖𝒐𝒏𝒔 𝒍𝒂 𝒅𝒊𝒗𝒊𝒔𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒗𝒂𝒏𝒕 𝒍𝒆𝒔 𝒑𝒖𝒊𝒔𝒔𝒂𝒏𝒄𝒆𝒔 𝒄𝒓𝒐𝒊𝒔𝒔𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒔 𝒅𝒖 𝒑𝒐𝒍𝒚𝒏ô𝒎𝒆
𝟏 − 𝟒𝒙 − 𝟑𝒙𝟐 + 𝟐𝒙𝟑 𝒑𝒂𝒓 𝒍𝒆 𝒑𝒐𝒍𝒚𝒏ô𝒎𝒆 𝟏 − 𝟐𝒙 + 𝒙𝟑 .

𝟏 − 𝟒𝒙 − 𝟑𝒙𝟐 + 𝟐𝒙𝟑 𝟏 − 𝟐𝒙 + 𝒙𝟑

+ 𝟏 − 𝟐𝒙 − 𝟕𝒙𝟐 − 𝟏𝟑𝒙𝟑

−𝟏 + 𝟐𝒙 − 𝒙𝟑

−𝟐𝒙 − 𝟑𝒙𝟐 + 𝒙𝟑

𝟐𝒙 − 𝟒𝒙𝟐 …

−𝟕𝒙𝟐 + 𝒙𝟑

𝟕𝒙𝟐 − 𝟏𝟒𝒙𝟑 …

−𝟏𝟑𝒙𝟑

𝑵𝒐𝒖𝒔 𝒐𝒃𝒕𝒆𝒏𝒐𝒏𝒔 𝒅𝒐𝒏𝒄 : 𝒇 𝒙 = 𝟏 − 𝟐𝒙 − 𝟕𝒙𝟐 − 𝟏𝟑𝒙𝟑 + 𝝄 𝒙𝟑

ème
1 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
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2) 𝑫é𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒐𝒏𝒔 𝒖𝒏 𝑫𝑳 𝒅’𝒐𝒓𝒅𝒓𝒆 𝟑 𝒆𝒏 𝟎 𝒅𝒆 𝒇 𝒙 :

𝜶
𝜶 𝜶−𝟏 𝟐 𝜶 𝜶−𝟏 𝜶−𝟐 𝟑
𝑶𝒏 𝒂 𝟏 + 𝒕 = 𝟏 + 𝜶𝒕 + 𝒕 + 𝒕 + 𝝄 𝒕𝟑
𝟐! 𝟑!
𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏
𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 −𝟏 −𝟏 𝟐−𝟐
𝒑𝒐𝒖𝒓 𝜶 = , 𝟏 + 𝒕 = 𝟏 + 𝒕 𝟐 =𝟏+ 𝒕+ 𝟐 𝟐 𝟐
𝒕 + 𝟐 𝟐 𝒕𝟑 + 𝝄 𝒕𝟑
𝟐 𝟐 𝟐! 𝟑!
𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟑
= 𝟏 + 𝒕 − 𝒕𝟐 + 𝒕 + 𝝄 𝒕𝟑
𝟐 𝟖 𝟏𝟔

𝑶𝒓 𝒇 𝒙 = " 𝟏 + −𝟐𝒙 − 𝟕𝒙𝟐 − 𝟏𝟑𝒙𝟑 " + 𝝄 𝒙𝟑

𝑷𝒐𝒔𝒐𝒏𝒔 ∶ 𝒕 = −𝟐𝒙 − 𝟕𝒙𝟐 − 𝟏𝟑𝒙𝟑 + 𝝄 𝒙𝟑 , 𝒐𝒓 𝒔𝒊 𝒙 ∈ 𝓥 𝟎 𝒐𝒏 𝒂 𝒂𝒖𝒔𝒔𝒊 𝒕 ∈ 𝓥 𝟎

𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟑
𝑪𝒆 𝒒𝒖𝒊 𝒅𝒐𝒏𝒏𝒆 ∶ 𝒇 𝒙 = 𝟏 + 𝒕 − 𝒕𝟐 + 𝒕 + 𝝄 𝒕𝟑
𝟐 𝟖 𝟏𝟔

𝑫é𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒐𝒏𝒔 𝒍𝒆 𝑫𝑳 𝒅𝒆 𝒕𝟐 à 𝒖𝒏 𝒐𝒓𝒅𝒓𝒆 é𝒈𝒂𝒍 à 𝟑 𝒆𝒕 𝒂𝒖 𝒗𝒐𝒊𝒔𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒈𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝟎 ; 𝒕𝒐𝒖𝒋𝒐𝒖𝒓𝒔 𝒆𝒏 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒔𝒆𝒓𝒗𝒂𝒏𝒕

𝒍𝒆𝒔 𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒆𝒔 𝒅𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒈𝒓é𝒔 𝒊𝒏𝒇é𝒓𝒊𝒆𝒖𝒓𝒔 𝒐𝒖 é𝒈𝒂𝒍 à 𝟑 :

𝒕𝟐 = 𝒕. 𝒕 = " −𝟐𝒙 − 𝟕𝒙𝟐 − 𝟏𝟑𝒙𝟑 −𝟐𝒙 − 𝟕𝒙𝟐 − 𝟏𝟑𝒙𝟑 " + 𝝄 𝒙𝟑 = 𝟒𝒙𝟐 + 𝟐𝟖𝒙𝟑 + 𝝄 𝒙𝟑

𝑫𝑳 𝒅𝒆 𝒕𝟑 à 𝒖𝒏 𝒐𝒓𝒅𝒓𝒆 é𝒈𝒂𝒍 à 𝟑 𝒆𝒕 𝒂𝒖 𝒗𝒐𝒊𝒔𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒈𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝟎 𝒔𝒆𝒓𝒂 ∶

𝒕𝟑 = 𝒕. 𝒕𝟐 = " −𝟐𝒙 − 𝟕𝒙𝟐 − 𝟏𝟑𝒙𝟑 𝟒𝒙𝟐 + 𝟐𝟖𝒙𝟑 " + 𝝄 𝒙𝟑 = −𝟖𝒙𝟑 + 𝝄 𝒙𝟑

𝑰𝒍 𝒆𝒏 𝒓é𝒔𝒖𝒍𝒕𝒆 :

𝟏 𝟏 𝟏
𝒇 𝒙 =𝟏+ −𝟐𝒙 − 𝟕𝒙𝟐 − 𝟏𝟑𝒙𝟑 − 𝟒𝒙𝟐 + 𝟐𝟖𝒙𝟑 + × −𝟖𝒙𝟑 + 𝝄 𝒙𝟑
𝟐 𝟖 𝟏𝟔

𝟐𝟏 𝟑
𝑫′ 𝒐ù 𝒇 𝒙 = 𝟏 − 𝒙 − 𝟒𝒙𝟐 − 𝒙 + 𝝄 𝒙𝟑
𝟐

3) 𝑫é𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒐𝒏𝒔 𝒖𝒏 𝑫𝑳 𝒅’𝒐𝒓𝒅𝒓𝒆 𝟑 𝒆𝒏 𝟎 𝒅𝒆 𝐥𝐧 𝒇 𝒙 :

𝑳𝒆 𝑫𝑳 𝒅’𝒐𝒓𝒅𝒓𝒆 𝟑 𝒆𝒏 𝟎 𝒅𝒆 𝒇 é𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒕 ∶ 𝒇 𝒙 = 𝟏 − 𝟐𝒙 − 𝟕𝒙𝟐 − 𝟏𝟑𝒙𝟑 + 𝝄 𝒙𝟑 , 𝒄𝒆 𝒒𝒖𝒊 𝒊𝒎𝒑𝒍𝒊𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝑫𝑳

à 𝒍’𝒐𝒓𝒅𝒓𝒆 𝟐 𝒆𝒏 𝟎 𝒅𝒆 𝒇 ∶ 𝒇 𝒙 = 𝟏 − 𝟐𝒙 − 𝟕𝒙𝟐 + 𝝄 𝒙𝟐

𝒘𝟐
𝑶𝒏 𝒂 𝐥𝐧 𝟏 − 𝒘 = −𝒘 − + 𝝄 𝒘𝟐
𝟐

𝑶𝒓 𝐥𝐧 𝒇 𝒙 = " 𝐥𝐧 𝟏 − 𝟐𝒙 + 𝟕𝒙𝟐 " + 𝝄 𝒙𝟐

𝑷𝒐𝒔𝒐𝒏𝒔 ∶ 𝒘 = 𝟐𝒙 + 𝟕𝒙𝟐 + 𝝄 𝒙𝟐 , 𝒐𝒓 𝒔𝒊 𝒙 ∈ 𝓥 𝟎 𝒐𝒏 𝒂 𝒂𝒖𝒔𝒔𝒊 𝒘 ∈ 𝓥 𝟎

ème
2 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
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𝒘𝟐
𝑪𝒆 𝒒𝒖𝒊 𝒅𝒐𝒏𝒏𝒆 ∶ 𝐥𝐧 𝒇 𝒙 = −𝒘 − + 𝝄 𝒘𝟐
𝟐

𝑫é𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒐𝒏𝒔 𝒍𝒆 𝑫𝑳 𝒅𝒆 𝒘𝟐 à 𝒖𝒏 𝒐𝒓𝒅𝒓𝒆 é𝒈𝒂𝒍 à 𝟐 𝒆𝒕 𝒂𝒖 𝒗𝒐𝒊𝒔𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒈𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝟎 ; 𝒕𝒐𝒖𝒋𝒐𝒖𝒓𝒔 𝒆𝒏 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒔𝒆𝒓𝒗𝒂𝒏𝒕

𝒍𝒆𝒔 𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒆𝒔 𝒅𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒈𝒓é𝒔 𝒊𝒏𝒇é𝒓𝒊𝒆𝒖𝒓𝒔 𝒐𝒖 é𝒈𝒂𝒍 à 𝟐 :

𝒘𝟐 = 𝒘. 𝒘 = " 𝟐𝒙 + 𝟕𝒙𝟐 𝟐𝒙 + 𝟕𝒙𝟐 " + 𝝄 𝒙𝟐 = 𝟒𝒙𝟐 + 𝝄 𝒙𝟐

𝑰𝒍 𝒆𝒏 𝒓é𝒔𝒖𝒍𝒕𝒆 :

𝟐
𝟒𝒙𝟐
𝐥𝐧 𝒇 𝒙 = − 𝟐𝒙 + 𝟕𝒙 − + 𝝄 𝒙𝟐
𝟐

𝑫′ 𝒐ù 𝐥𝐧 𝒇 𝒙 = −𝟐𝒙 − 𝟗𝒙𝟐 + 𝝄 𝒙𝟐

Exercice 2 :( DS No12 - DNS No1) 𝟏𝟎𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔 ∶ 𝟑 + 𝟑 + 𝟒

Énoncé
𝒏−𝟏
𝑶𝒏 𝒅é𝒇𝒊𝒏𝒊𝒕 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒓é𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒖𝒏 𝒏∈ℕ∗ 𝒑𝒂𝒓 ∶ 𝒖𝒏 = 𝒑 𝟏 − 𝒑 , 𝒐ù 𝒑 ∈ 𝟎, 𝟏 .

1) 𝟑𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔
+∞

𝑴𝒐𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒓 𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝒍𝒂 𝒔é𝒓𝒊𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒆 𝒈é𝒏é𝒓𝒂𝒍 𝒖𝒏 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒗𝒆𝒓𝒈𝒆 𝒆𝒕 𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝒖𝒏 = 𝟏


𝒏=𝟏

2) 𝟑 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔
+∞
𝟏
𝑴𝒐𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒓 𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝒍𝒂 𝒔é𝒓𝒊𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒆 𝒈é𝒏é𝒓𝒂𝒍 𝒏𝒖𝒏 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒗𝒆𝒓𝒈𝒆 𝒆𝒕 𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝒏𝒖𝒏 =
𝒑
𝒏=𝟏

3) 𝟒 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔
+∞
𝟐−𝒑
𝑴𝒐𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒓 𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝒍𝒂 𝒔é𝒓𝒊𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒆 𝒈é𝒏é𝒓𝒂𝒍 𝒏𝟐 𝒖𝒏 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒗𝒆𝒓𝒈𝒆 𝒆𝒕 𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝒏𝟐 𝒖 𝒏 =
𝒑𝟐
𝒏=𝟏

Corrigé
𝒖𝒏+𝟏 𝒑 𝟏−𝒑 𝒏
1) 𝒖𝒏 𝒏∈ℕ∗ 𝒆𝒔𝒕 𝒖𝒏𝒆 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒈é𝒐𝒎é𝒕𝒓𝒊𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝒓𝒂𝒊𝒔𝒐𝒏 𝒒 = = 𝒑 𝟏−𝒑 𝒏−𝟏 = 𝟏 − 𝒑
𝒖𝒏

𝑶𝒓 𝒑 ∈ 𝟎, 𝟏 , 𝒅𝒐𝒏𝒄 𝟏 − 𝒑 ∈ 𝟎, 𝟏 , 𝒑𝒂𝒓 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒖𝒏 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒗𝒆𝒓𝒈𝒆 𝒑𝒖𝒊𝒔𝒒𝒖′ 𝒊𝒍 𝒔′ 𝒂𝒈𝒊𝒕 𝒅′ 𝒖𝒏𝒆

𝒔é𝒓𝒊𝒆 𝒈é𝒐𝒎é𝒕𝒓𝒊𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒔 𝒅𝒆 𝒓𝒂𝒊𝒔𝒐𝒏 𝒒 = 𝟏 − 𝒑 ∈ 𝟎, 𝟏

ème
3 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
omega.center.cp@gmail.com https://web.facebook.com/OMEGACENTER2014
+∞
𝟏
𝒐𝒓, 𝒑𝒐𝒖𝒓 𝒙 < 1 𝒙𝒏 = , 𝒅𝒐𝒏𝒄 ∶
𝟏−𝒙
𝒏=𝟎

+∞ +∞ +∞ +∞ +∞
𝒏−𝟏 −𝟏 𝒏
𝟏 𝒏
𝒑 𝒏
𝒖𝒏 = 𝒑 𝟏−𝒑 =𝒑 𝟏−𝒑 𝟏−𝒑 =𝒑 𝟏−𝒑 = 𝟏−𝒑
𝟏−𝒑 𝟏−𝒑
𝒏=𝟏 𝒏=𝟏 𝒏=𝟏 𝒏=𝟏 𝒏=𝟏

+∞ +∞
𝒑 𝒏 𝟎
𝒑 𝒏
= 𝟏−𝒑 − 𝟏−𝒑 = 𝟏−𝒑 −𝟏
𝟏−𝒑 𝟏−𝒑
𝒏=𝟎 𝒏=𝟎

+∞
𝒏
𝟏 𝟏
𝑶𝒏 𝒂 𝟏 − 𝒑 < 1 𝒑𝒂𝒓 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝟏−𝒑 = =
𝟏− 𝟏−𝒑 𝒑
𝒏=𝟎

+∞ +∞
𝒑 𝟏 𝒑 𝟏−𝒑 ′
𝑨𝒊𝒏𝒔𝒊 𝒖𝒏 = −𝟏 = 𝒅 𝒐ù 𝒖𝒏 = 𝟏
𝟏−𝒑 𝒑 𝟏−𝒑 𝒑
𝒏=𝟏 𝒏=𝟏

2)
+∞ +∞ +∞ +∞
𝒏
𝒏−𝟏 ′ 𝒏−𝟏
𝒅 𝟏−𝒑
𝒏𝒖𝒏 = 𝒏𝒑 𝟏 − 𝒑 = −𝒑 𝒏 𝟏−𝒑 𝟏−𝒑 = −𝒑
𝒅𝒑
𝒏=𝟏 𝒏=𝟏 𝒏=𝟏 −𝟏 𝒏=𝟏

+∞
𝒏
= −𝒑 𝒅 𝟏−𝒑 𝒅𝒑
𝒏=𝟏

+∞ +∞
𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝟏−𝒑
𝑶𝒓 𝟏−𝒑 = 𝟏−𝒑 −𝟏= −𝟏=
𝒑 𝒑
𝒏=𝟏 𝒏=𝟎

+∞ 𝟏−𝒑
𝒅 𝟏−𝒑 ′
−𝒑 − 𝟏 − 𝒑 −𝟏
𝒑
𝑷𝒂𝒓 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒏𝒖𝒏 = −𝒑 = −𝒑 = −𝒑 = −𝒑
𝒅𝒑 𝒑 𝒑𝟐 𝒑𝟐
𝒏=𝟏

+∞

𝟏
𝑫 𝒐ù 𝒏𝒖𝒏 =
𝒑
𝒏=𝟏

3)
+∞ +∞ +∞

𝒏𝟐 𝒖 𝒏 = 𝒏𝟐 𝒑 𝟏 − 𝒑 𝒏−𝟏
=𝒑 𝒏𝟐 − 𝒏 + 𝒏 𝟏 − 𝒑 𝒏−𝟏

𝒏=𝟏 𝒏=𝟏 𝒏=𝟏

+∞

=𝒑 𝒏𝟐 − 𝒏 𝟏 − 𝒑 𝒏−𝟏
+𝒏 𝟏−𝒑 𝒏−𝟏

𝒏=𝟏

ème
4 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
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+∞ +∞
𝒏−𝟏 𝒏−𝟏
=𝒑 𝒏 𝒏−𝟏 𝟏−𝒑 + 𝒏𝒑 𝟏 − 𝒑
𝒏=𝟏 𝒏=𝟏
+∞ 𝒏𝒖
𝒏=𝟏 𝒏

+∞ +∞
𝟏
𝒏𝟐 𝒖 𝒏 = 𝒑 𝒏 𝒏−𝟏 𝟏−𝒑 𝒏−𝟏
+
𝒑
𝒏=𝟏 𝒏=𝟏

𝒏
𝒅 𝟏−𝒑
𝒅 𝟏−𝒑 𝟐 𝒏 𝒅 𝒅 𝒏 𝟏−𝒑 ′ 𝟏−𝒑 𝒏−𝟏
𝒅𝒑
𝑹𝒆𝒎𝒂𝒓𝒒𝒖𝒐𝒏𝒔 𝒒𝒖𝒆 ∶ = =
𝒅𝒑𝟐 𝒅𝒑 𝒅𝒑
𝒏−𝟏
−𝒏𝒅 𝟏 − 𝒑 ′ 𝒏−𝟐
= = −𝒏 𝒏 − 𝟏 𝟏 − 𝒑 𝟏−𝒑
𝒅𝒑

𝒅𝟐 𝟏 − 𝒑 𝒏
𝒏−𝟐
=𝒏 𝒏−𝟏 𝟏−𝒑
𝒅𝒑𝟐
+∞ +∞ +∞
𝟐 𝒏−𝟏
𝟏 𝒏−𝟐
𝟏
𝑨𝒊𝒏𝒔𝒊 𝒏 𝒖𝒏 = 𝒑 𝒏 𝒏−𝟏 𝟏−𝒑 + =𝒑 𝟏−𝒑 𝒏 𝒏−𝟏 𝟏−𝒑 +
𝒑 𝒑
𝒏=𝟏 𝒏=𝟏 𝒏=𝟏

+∞
𝒏−𝟐
𝟏
=𝒑 𝟏−𝒑 𝒏 𝒏−𝟏 𝟏−𝒑 +
𝒑
𝒏=𝟏

+∞
𝒅𝟐 𝟏 − 𝒑 𝒏
𝟏
=𝒑 𝟏−𝒑 +
𝒅𝒑𝟐 𝒑
𝒏=𝟏

+∞
𝟐 𝒏
𝟏
=𝒑 𝟏−𝒑 𝒅 𝟏−𝒑 𝒅𝒑𝟐 +
𝒑
𝒏=𝟏

𝟏−𝒑 𝟏
= 𝒑 𝟏 − 𝒑 𝒅𝟐 𝒅𝒑𝟐 +
𝒑 𝒑
′′
𝟏−𝒑 𝟏
=𝒑 𝟏−𝒑 +
𝒑 𝒑
′ ′
𝟏−𝒑 𝟏
=𝒑 𝟏−𝒑 +
𝒑 𝒑

−𝟏 𝟏
=𝒑 𝟏−𝒑 +
𝒑𝟐 𝒑

𝟏 𝟏
= −𝒑 𝟏 − 𝒑 +
𝒑𝟐 𝒑

ème
5 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
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−𝟐 𝟏
= −𝒑 𝟏 − 𝒑 +
𝒑𝟑 𝒑

𝟐 𝟏−𝒑 𝒑
= 𝟐
+ 𝟐
𝒑 𝒑

+∞
𝟐−𝒑
𝑫′ 𝒐ù 𝒏𝟐 𝒖𝒏 =
𝒑𝟐
𝒏=𝟏

Exercice 3 :( DS No10 - DNS No1, 4, 5, 9, 12) 𝟏𝟎𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔 ∶ 𝟎, 𝟐𝟓 + 𝟎, 𝟕𝟓 + 𝟑 + 𝟑, 𝟕𝟓 + 𝟏, 𝟐𝟓 + 𝟏

Énoncé
𝟏
𝒙+𝒚 𝟑
𝑺𝒐𝒊𝒕 𝒇 𝒙, 𝒚 =
𝒙
1) 𝑫é𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒆𝒓 𝑫𝒇 , 𝒍𝒆 𝒅𝒐𝒎𝒂𝒊𝒏𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝒅é𝒇𝒊𝒏𝒊𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒅𝒆 𝒇 𝟎, 𝟐𝟓𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕
2) 𝑬𝒕𝒖𝒅𝒊𝒆𝒓 𝒍’𝒉𝒐𝒎𝒐𝒈é𝒏é𝒊𝒕é 𝒅𝒆 𝒇 𝟎, 𝟕𝟓𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕
3) 𝑪𝒂𝒍𝒄𝒖𝒍𝒆𝒓 𝒍𝒆𝒔 𝒅é𝒓𝒊𝒗é𝒆𝒔 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒊𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒆𝒔 𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒎𝒊è𝒓𝒆𝒔 𝒅𝒆 𝒇 𝟑𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔 ∶ 𝟏, 𝟓 + 𝟏, 𝟓
4) 𝟑, 𝟕𝟓𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔 ∶ 𝟏, 𝟓 + 𝟐, 𝟐𝟓
a) 𝑪𝒂𝒍𝒄𝒖𝒍𝒆𝒓 𝝐𝒇 𝒚 𝟐, 𝟏 , é𝒍𝒂𝒔𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒊𝒕é 𝒅𝒆 𝒇 𝒑𝒂𝒓 𝒓𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒐𝒓𝒕 à 𝒚 𝒂𝒖 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕 𝟐, 𝟏 𝟏, 𝟓𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕
b) 𝑫é𝒅𝒖𝒊𝒓𝒆 𝒍’é𝒍𝒂𝒔𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒊𝒕é 𝒅𝒆 𝒇 𝒑𝒂𝒓 𝒓𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒐𝒓𝒕 à 𝒙 𝒂𝒖 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕 𝟐, 𝟏 𝟐, 𝟐𝟓𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔
5) 𝟏, 𝟐𝟓𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕 ∶ 𝟎, 𝟓 + 𝟎, 𝟕𝟓
a) 𝑬𝒄𝒓𝒊𝒓𝒆 𝒖𝒏𝒆 é𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒅𝒖 𝒑𝒍𝒂𝒏 𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒈𝒆𝒏𝒕 à 𝓒𝒇 𝒂𝒖 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕 𝑨 𝟏, 𝟎, 𝒇 𝟏, 𝟎 𝟎, 𝟓𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕
b) 𝑫𝒐𝒏𝒏𝒆𝒓 𝒖𝒏𝒆 𝒗𝒂𝒍𝒆𝒖𝒓 𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒓𝒐𝒄𝒉é𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝒇 𝟏, 𝟎𝟎𝟐; 𝟎, 𝟎𝟐 𝟎, 𝟕𝟓𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕
6) 𝑫é𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒆𝒓 𝒍𝒂 𝒗𝒂𝒓𝒊𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒓𝒆𝒍𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒗𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝒇 𝒔𝒊 𝒚 𝒅𝒊𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒖𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝟐% à 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒊𝒓 𝒅𝒆 𝒚𝟎 = 𝟏 ;
𝒙𝟎 é𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒕 é𝒈𝒂𝒍 à 𝟐 𝟏𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕

Corrigé
1) 𝑫𝒇 = 𝒙, 𝒚 ∈ ℝ𝟐 /𝒙 ≠ 𝟎 = ℝ∗ × ℝ
2)

𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏
𝝀𝒙 + 𝝀𝒚 𝟑 𝝀 𝒙+𝒚 𝟑 𝝀𝟑 𝒙 + 𝒚 𝟑 𝟐 𝒙+𝒚 𝟑
∀𝝀 > 0 , ∀ 𝒙, 𝒚 ∈ ℝ∗ × ℝ ; 𝑓 𝝀𝒙, 𝝀𝒚 = = = = 𝝀−𝟑
𝝀𝒙 𝝀𝒙 𝝀𝒙 𝒙

𝟐
𝑓 𝝀𝒙, 𝝀𝒚 = 𝝀−𝟑 𝒇 𝒙, 𝒚

𝟐
𝑫′ 𝒐ù 𝒇 𝒙, 𝒚 𝒆𝒔𝒕 𝒉𝒐𝒎𝒐𝒈è𝒏𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒈𝒓é 𝝀 = −
𝟑

ème
6 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
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3) ∀ 𝒙, 𝒚 ∈ ℝ∗ × ℝ ∶

𝟏 ′ 𝟏
𝟏 ′
𝒙 𝒙+𝒚 𝟑 − 𝒙+𝒚 𝟑
𝝏𝒇 𝒙+𝒚 𝟑
𝒙
∎ 𝒇′𝒙 𝒙, 𝒚 = 𝒙, 𝒚 = =
𝝏𝒙 𝒙 𝒙𝟐
𝒙

𝟐 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏
𝟏 − 𝟏
𝒙 𝒙+𝒚 ′
𝒙 𝒙+𝒚 𝟑 − 𝒙+𝒚 𝟑 𝒙 𝒙+𝒚 −𝟏
𝒙+𝒚 𝟑 − 𝒙+𝒚 𝟑
𝟑 𝟑
= =
𝒙𝟐 𝒙𝟐
𝟏
𝒙 𝟏 𝟏
𝒙+𝒚 𝟑 −𝟏
𝟑 𝒙+𝒚 𝒙+𝒚 𝟑 𝒙 − 𝟑𝒙 − 𝟑𝒚 𝒙+𝒚 𝟑 −𝟐𝒙 − 𝟑𝒚
= = =
𝒙𝟐 𝒙𝟐 𝟑 𝒙+𝒚 𝒙𝟐 𝟑 𝒙+𝒚

𝟏
−𝟐𝒙 − 𝟑𝒚 𝒙 + 𝒚 𝟑 −𝟐𝒙 − 𝟑𝒚
𝒇′𝒙 𝒙, 𝒚 = = 𝒇 𝒙, 𝒚
𝟑𝒙𝟐 𝒙 + 𝒚 𝟑𝒙 𝒙 + 𝒚

𝟏 ′

𝝏𝒇 𝒙+𝒚 𝟑 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 −
𝟐
∎ 𝒇′𝒚 𝒙, 𝒚 = 𝒙, 𝒚 = = 𝒙+𝒚 𝟑 = 𝒙+𝒚 ′
𝒚 𝒙+𝒚 𝟑
𝝏𝒚 𝒙 𝒙 𝒚 𝒙 𝟑
𝒚

𝟐 𝟏 𝟏

𝒙+𝒚 𝟑 𝒙+𝒚 −𝟏
𝒙+𝒚 𝟑 𝟏 𝒙+𝒚 𝟑
= = =
𝟑𝒙 𝟑𝒙 𝟑 𝒙+𝒚 𝒙

𝟐

𝒙+𝒚 𝟑 𝒇 𝒙, 𝒚
𝒇′𝒚 𝒙, 𝒚 = =
𝟑𝒙 𝟑 𝒙+𝒚

4)
a)

′ 𝒇 𝟐, 𝟏
𝒇𝒚 𝟐, 𝟏 𝟑 𝟐+𝟏 𝟏
𝝐𝒇 𝒚 𝟐, 𝟏 = 𝟏 × = ; 𝝐𝒇 𝒚 𝟐, 𝟏 =
𝒇 𝟐, 𝟏 𝒇 𝟐, 𝟏 𝟗

b) 𝑫′ 𝒂𝒑𝒓è𝒔 𝒍′ 𝒊𝒅𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊𝒕é 𝒅′ 𝑬𝒖𝒍𝒆𝒓, 𝒐𝒏 𝒂 ∶

𝟐 ′ ′ 𝟐
𝒇 𝒙, 𝒚 𝒆𝒔𝒕 𝒉𝒐𝒎𝒐𝒈è𝒏𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒈𝒓é – 𝒂𝒍𝒐𝒓𝒔 ∶ 𝒙𝒇𝒙 𝒙, 𝒚 + 𝒚𝒇𝒚 𝒙, 𝒚 = − 𝒇 𝒙, 𝒚
𝟑 𝟑
𝑬𝒏 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒖𝒍𝒊𝒆𝒓 ∶

ème
7 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
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′ ′
′ ′ 𝟐 𝒇𝒙 𝟐, 𝟏 𝒇𝒚 𝟐, 𝟏 𝟐
𝟐 𝒇𝒙 𝟐, 𝟏 + 𝟏 × 𝒇𝒚 𝟐, 𝟏 = − 𝒇 𝟐, 𝟏 ⇔ 𝟐 + 𝟏× =−
𝟑 𝒇 𝟐, 𝟏 𝒇 𝟐, 𝟏 𝟑

𝟐
⇔ 𝝐𝒇 𝒙 𝟐, 𝟏 + 𝝐𝒇 𝒚 𝟐, 𝟏 = −
𝟑
𝟐
⇔ 𝝐𝒇 𝒙 𝟐, 𝟏 = − − 𝝐𝒇 𝒚 𝟐, 𝟏
𝟑
𝟐 𝟏
⇔ 𝝐𝒇 𝒙 𝟐, 𝟏 = − −
𝟑 𝟗

𝟕
𝝐𝒇 𝒙 𝟐, 𝟏 = −
𝟗

5)
a) 𝒍′ é𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒅𝒖 𝒑𝒍𝒂𝒏 𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒈𝒆𝒏𝒕 à 𝓒𝒇 𝒂𝒖 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕 𝑨 𝟏, 𝟎, 𝒇 𝟏, 𝟎 𝒆𝒔𝒕 ∶

′ ′ ′ 𝟐
𝑷 ∶ 𝒛 = 𝒇 𝟏, 𝟎 + 𝒙 − 𝟏 𝒇𝒙 𝟏, 𝟎 + 𝒚 − 𝟎 𝒇𝒚 𝟏, 𝟎 ; 𝒂𝒗𝒆𝒄 𝒇 𝟏, 𝟎 = 𝟏, 𝒇𝒙 𝟏, 𝟎 = −
𝟑
′ 𝟏
𝒆𝒕 𝒇𝒚 𝟏, 𝟎 =
𝟑

𝟐 𝟏 𝟐 𝟏 𝟓
𝑷∶𝒛=𝟏− 𝒙−𝟏 + 𝒚−𝟎 ⇔ 𝑷∶𝒛 =− 𝒙+ 𝒚+
𝟑 𝟑 𝟑 𝟑 𝟑

b) 𝒍′ é𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒅𝒖 𝒑𝒍𝒂𝒏 𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒈𝒆𝒏𝒕 à 𝓒𝒇 𝒂𝒖 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕 𝑨 𝟏, 𝟎, 𝒇 𝟏, 𝟎 𝒆𝒔𝒕 ∶

𝒇 𝟏, 𝟎𝟎𝟐; 𝟎, 𝟎𝟐 = 𝒇 𝟏 + 𝟎, 𝟎𝟎𝟐 , 𝟎 + 𝟎, 𝟎𝟐

′ ′
≅ 𝒇 𝟏, 𝟎 + 𝟎, 𝟎𝟎𝟐𝒇𝒙 𝟏, 𝟎 + 𝟎, 𝟎𝟐𝒇𝒚 𝟏, 𝟎

𝟐 𝟏
𝒇 𝟏, 𝟎𝟎𝟐; 𝟎, 𝟎𝟐 ≅ 𝟏 + 𝟎, 𝟎𝟎𝟐 × − + 𝟎, 𝟎𝟐 ×
𝟑 𝟑

𝒇 𝟏, 𝟎𝟎𝟐; 𝟎, 𝟎𝟐 ≅ 𝟏, 𝟎𝟎𝟓𝟑

𝚫𝒇 𝝐𝒇 𝒙 𝟐,𝟏 𝝐𝒇 𝒚 𝟐,𝟏
6) ≅ 𝚫𝒙 + 𝚫𝒚
𝒇 𝟐 𝟏
𝟎% −𝟐%

𝟏
≅ −𝟎, 𝟎𝟐 ×
𝟗

𝚫𝒇
≅ −𝟎, 𝟐𝟐%
𝒇

ème
8 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
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Exercice 4 :( DS No2 - DNS No10) 𝟓𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔 ∶ 𝟏, 𝟕𝟓 + 𝟏, 𝟐𝟓 + 𝟐

Énoncé
𝑺𝒐𝒊𝒕 𝒖𝒏 𝒏∈ℕ∗ 𝒖𝒏𝒆 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝒏𝒐𝒎𝒃𝒓𝒆𝒔 𝒓é𝒆𝒍𝒔 .
𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝟏
𝑶𝒏 𝒑𝒐𝒔𝒆 : 𝒂𝒓 = 𝒖𝒓𝒊 𝒆𝒕 𝝁𝒓 = 𝒖𝒊 − 𝒂𝟏 𝒓
; 𝒓 ∈ ℕ∗
𝒏 𝒏
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏

1) 𝑽é𝒓𝒊𝒇𝒊𝒆𝒓 𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝝁𝟏 = 𝟎 𝒆𝒕 𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝝁𝟐 = 𝒂𝟐 − 𝒂𝟐𝟏 𝟏, 𝟕𝟓𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕 ∶ 𝟎, 𝟓 + 𝟏, 𝟐𝟓


2) 𝑫é𝒎𝒐𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒓 𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝝁𝟑 = 𝒂𝟑 − 𝟑𝒂𝟐 𝒂𝟏 + 𝟐𝒂𝟑𝟏 𝟏, 𝟐𝟓𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕
3) 𝟐𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔
𝒏
𝟏
𝑶𝒏 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒔𝒊𝒅è𝒓𝒆 𝒎𝒂𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒏𝒂𝒏𝒕 𝒖𝒏𝒆 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒘𝒏 𝒏∈ℕ∗ 𝒆𝒕 𝒐𝒏 𝒑𝒐𝒔𝒆 𝒃𝒓 = 𝒘𝒓𝒊 ; 𝒓 ∈ ℕ∗
𝒏
𝒊=𝟏

𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝟏
𝑴𝒐𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒓 𝒒𝒖𝒆 ∶ 𝒖𝒊 − 𝒂𝟏 𝒘𝒊 − 𝒃𝟏 = 𝒖𝒊 𝒘𝒊 − 𝒂𝟏 𝒃𝟏
𝒏 𝒏
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏

Corrigé
1)
𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏
∎ 𝝁𝟏 = 𝒖𝒊 − 𝒂𝟏 𝟏
= 𝒖𝒊 − 𝒂𝟏 = 𝒖𝒊 − 𝒂𝟏 = 𝒖𝟏𝒊 − 𝒏𝒂𝟏
𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏
𝒂𝟏

= 𝒂𝟏 − 𝒂𝟏

𝑶𝒏 𝒗é𝒓𝒊𝒇𝒊𝒆 𝒃𝒊𝒆𝒏 𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝝁𝟏 = 𝟎


𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝟏 𝟏
∎ 𝝁𝟐 = 𝒖𝒊 − 𝒂𝟏 𝟐
= 𝒖𝟐𝒊 − 𝟐𝒂𝟏 𝒖𝒊 + 𝒂𝟐𝟏 = 𝒖𝟐𝒊 − 𝟐𝒂𝟏 𝒖𝒊 + 𝒂𝟐𝟏
𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏

𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝟏 𝟏
= 𝒖𝟐𝒊 − 𝟐𝒂𝟏 𝒖𝟏𝒊 + 𝒏𝒂𝟐𝟏 = 𝒂𝟐 − 𝟐𝒂𝟐𝟏 + 𝒂𝟐𝟏
𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏
𝒂𝟐 𝒂𝟏

𝑫′ 𝒐ù 𝝁𝟐 = 𝒂𝟐 − 𝒂𝟐𝟏

ème
9 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
omega.center.cp@gmail.com https://web.facebook.com/OMEGACENTER2014
2)
𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝟏
𝝁𝟑 = 𝒖𝒊 − 𝒂𝟏 𝟑
= 𝒖𝟑𝒊 − 𝟑𝒂𝟏 𝒖𝟐𝒊 + 𝟑𝒂𝟐𝟏 𝒖𝒊 − 𝒂𝟑𝟏
𝒏 𝒏
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏

𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏
= 𝒖𝟑𝒊 − 𝟑𝒂𝟏 𝒖𝟐𝒊 + 𝟑𝒂𝟐𝟏 𝒖𝟏𝒊 − 𝒏𝒂𝟑𝟏
𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏
𝒂𝟑 𝒂𝟐 𝒂𝟏

= 𝒂𝟑 − 𝟑𝒂𝟏 𝒂𝟐 + 𝟑𝒂𝟐𝟏 𝒂𝟏 − 𝒂𝟑𝟏

𝑫′ 𝒐ù 𝝁𝟑 = 𝒂𝟑 − 𝟑𝒂𝟐 𝒂𝟏 + 𝟐𝒂𝟑𝟏

3)
𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝟏
𝒖𝒊 − 𝒂𝟏 𝒘𝒊 − 𝒃𝟏 = 𝒖𝒊 𝒘𝒊 − 𝒃𝟏 𝒖𝒊 − 𝒂𝟏 𝒘𝒊 + 𝒂𝟏 𝒃𝟏
𝒏 𝒏
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏

𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏
= 𝒖 𝒊 𝒘𝒊 − 𝒃 𝟏 𝒖𝟏𝒊 − 𝒂𝟏 𝒘𝟏𝒊 + 𝒏𝒂𝟏 𝒃𝟏
𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏
𝒂𝟏 𝒃𝟏

𝒏
𝟏
= 𝒖𝒊 𝒘𝒊 − 𝒂𝟏 𝒃𝟏 − 𝒂𝟏 𝒃𝟏 + 𝒂𝟏 𝒃𝟏
𝒏
𝒊=𝟏

𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝟏
𝑫′ 𝒐ù 𝒖𝒊 − 𝒂𝟏 𝒘𝒊 − 𝒃𝟏 = 𝒖𝒊 𝒘𝒊 − 𝒂𝟏 𝒃𝟏
𝒏 𝒏
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏

Exercice 5 :( DS No6 - DNS No2, 11) 𝟓𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔 ∶ 𝟎, 𝟓 + 𝟒, 𝟓

Énoncé

𝑺𝒐𝒊𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝜸 𝑳 = 𝟐 + 𝟑𝑳 + 𝟒𝑳𝟐 𝒆𝒕 𝝁 𝑳 = 𝟏 − 𝟎, 𝟕𝟓𝑳 + 𝟎, 𝟏𝟐𝟓𝑳𝟐


𝟏 𝑨 𝑩
1) 𝑫é𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒆𝒓 𝒍𝒆𝒔 𝒓é𝒆𝒍𝒔 𝑨 𝒆𝒕 𝑩 𝒕𝒆𝒍𝒔 𝒒𝒖𝒆 ∶ = + 𝟎, 𝟓𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕
𝝁 𝑳 𝟏−𝟐𝑳 𝟏−𝟒𝑳

2) 𝟒, 𝟓𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔 ∶ 𝟎, 𝟓 + 𝟒
𝟏
a) 𝑫𝒐𝒏𝒏𝒆𝒓 𝒍𝒆 𝒅é𝒗𝒆𝒍𝒐𝒑𝒑𝒆𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒊𝒕é 𝒂𝒖 𝒗𝒐𝒊𝒔𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒈𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝟎 𝒆𝒕 à 𝒍’𝒐𝒓𝒅𝒓𝒆 𝟐 𝒅𝒆 𝟏+𝒖
𝜸 𝑳
b) 𝑫é𝒅𝒖𝒊𝒓𝒆 𝒍𝒆 𝒅é𝒗𝒆𝒍𝒐𝒑𝒑𝒆𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝒍𝒊𝒎𝒊𝒕é 𝒂𝒖 𝒗𝒐𝒊𝒔𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒈𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝟎 𝒆𝒕 à 𝒍’𝒐𝒓𝒅𝒓𝒆 𝟐 𝒅𝒆 𝝁 𝑳

ème
10 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
omega.center.cp@gmail.com https://web.facebook.com/OMEGACENTER2014
Corrigé
1)

𝟏 𝑨 𝑩 𝟏 𝑨 − 𝑨𝟒𝑳 + 𝑩 − 𝑩𝟐𝑳
= + ⇔ =
𝝁 𝑳 𝟏 − 𝟐𝑳 𝟏 − 𝟒𝑳 𝟏 − 𝟎, 𝟕𝟓𝑳 + 𝟎, 𝟏𝟐𝟓𝑳𝟐 𝟏 − 𝟐𝑳 𝟏 − 𝟒𝑳

𝟏 𝑨 + 𝑩 − 𝑨+𝟐𝑩 𝟒
𝑳
⇔ 𝟐
=
𝟏 − 𝟎, 𝟕𝟓𝑳 + 𝟎, 𝟏𝟐𝟓𝑳 𝟏 − 𝟎, 𝟕𝟓𝑳 + 𝟎, 𝟏𝟐𝟓𝑳𝟐
𝑨+𝑩=𝟏
𝑨 + 𝟐𝑩 −𝟐𝑩 + 𝑩 = 𝟏 𝑩 = −𝟏
𝑷𝒂𝒓 𝒊𝒅𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊𝒇𝒊𝒄𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏, 𝒐𝒏 𝒐𝒃𝒕𝒊𝒆𝒏𝒕 : ⇔ ⇔
=𝟎 𝑨 = −𝟐𝑩 𝑨=𝟐
𝟒

𝟏 𝟐 𝟏
𝑫′ 𝒐ù = −
𝝁 𝑳 𝟏 − 𝟐 𝟏 − 𝟒𝑳
𝑳

2)
a)

𝟏
= 𝟏 − 𝒖 + 𝒖𝟐 + 𝝄 𝒖𝟐
𝟏+𝒖

b)

𝟐
∎𝑫é𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒐𝒏𝒔 𝒍𝒆 𝑫𝑳 𝒅𝒆 à 𝒖𝒏 𝒐𝒓𝒅𝒓𝒆 é𝒈𝒂𝒍 à 𝟐 𝒆𝒕 𝒂𝒖 𝒗𝒐𝒊𝒔𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒈𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝟎
𝟏 − 𝟐𝑳

𝟐 𝟏
𝑳 =𝟐 𝑳
𝟏− 𝟐
𝟏+ −
𝟐

𝑳
𝑷𝒐𝒔𝒐𝒏𝒔 ∶ 𝒖 = −
𝟐
+ 𝝄 𝑳𝟐 , 𝒐𝒓 𝒔𝒊 𝑳 ∈ 𝓥 𝟎 𝒐𝒏 𝒂 𝒂𝒖𝒔𝒔𝒊 𝒖 ∈ 𝓥 𝟎

𝟐 𝟏
𝑷𝒂𝒓 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝑳 =𝟐 = 𝟐 𝟏 − 𝒖 + 𝒖𝟐 + 𝝄 𝒖𝟐
𝟏− 𝟐
𝟏+𝒖

𝑫é𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒐𝒏𝒔 𝒍𝒆 𝑫𝑳 𝒅𝒆 𝒖𝟐 à 𝒖𝒏 𝒐𝒓𝒅𝒓𝒆 é𝒈𝒂𝒍 à 𝟐 𝒆𝒕 𝒂𝒖 𝒗𝒐𝒊𝒔𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒈𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝟎 ∶

𝑳 𝑳 𝟏 𝟐
𝒖𝟐 = 𝒖. 𝒖 = − − + 𝝄 𝑳𝟐 = 𝑳 + 𝝄 𝑳𝟐
𝟐 𝟐 𝟒
𝟐 𝑳 𝟏 𝟐 𝟏
𝑨𝒊𝒏𝒔𝒊 , 𝑳 =𝟐 𝟏+ + 𝑳 + 𝝄 𝑳𝟐 = 𝟐 + 𝑳 + 𝑳𝟐 + 𝝄 𝑳𝟐
𝟏− 𝟐
𝟐 𝟒 𝟐

𝟏
∎𝑫é𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒐𝒏𝒔 𝒍𝒆 𝑫𝑳 𝒅𝒆 à 𝒖𝒏 𝒐𝒓𝒅𝒓𝒆 é𝒈𝒂𝒍 à 𝟐 𝒆𝒕 𝒂𝒖 𝒗𝒐𝒊𝒔𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒈𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝟎
𝟏 − 𝟒𝑳

ème
11 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
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𝟏 𝟏
=
𝟏 − 𝟒𝑳 𝟏 + −𝟒𝑳

𝑳
𝑷𝒐𝒔𝒐𝒏𝒔 ∶ 𝒖 = −𝟒 + 𝝄 𝑳𝟐 , 𝒐𝒓 𝒔𝒊 𝑳 ∈ 𝓥 𝟎 𝒐𝒏 𝒂 𝒂𝒖𝒔𝒔𝒊 𝒖 ∈ 𝓥 𝟎

𝟏 𝟏
𝑷𝒂𝒓 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝑳 = = 𝟏 − 𝒖 + 𝒖𝟐 + 𝝄 𝒖𝟐
𝟏− 𝟒
𝟏 + −𝟒𝑳

𝑫é𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒐𝒏𝒔 𝒍𝒆 𝑫𝑳 𝒅𝒆 𝒖𝟐 à 𝒖𝒏 𝒐𝒓𝒅𝒓𝒆 é𝒈𝒂𝒍 à 𝟐 𝒆𝒕 𝒂𝒖 𝒗𝒐𝒊𝒔𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒈𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝟎 ∶

𝑳 𝑳 𝟏 𝟐
𝒖𝟐 = 𝒖. 𝒖 = −𝟒 −𝟒 + 𝝄 𝑳 𝟐 = 𝑳 + 𝝄 𝑳𝟐
𝟏𝟔
𝟏 𝑳 𝟏 𝟐 𝟏 𝟏 𝟐
𝑨𝒊𝒏𝒔𝒊 , 𝑳 = 𝟏 − −𝟒 + 𝑳 + 𝝄 𝑳𝟐 = 𝟏 + 𝑳 + 𝑳 + 𝝄 𝑳𝟐
𝟏−𝟒 𝟏𝟔 𝟒 𝟏𝟔

𝟏
𝑶𝒏 𝒑𝒐𝒖𝒓𝒓𝒂 𝒑𝒂𝒓 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒅é𝒅𝒖𝒊𝒓𝒆 𝒇𝒂𝒄𝒊𝒍𝒆𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝒍𝒆 𝑫𝑳 𝒅𝒆 à 𝒖𝒏 𝒐𝒓𝒅𝒓𝒆 𝟐 𝒆𝒕 𝒂𝒖 𝒗𝒐𝒊𝒔𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒈𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝟎.
𝝁 𝑳

𝟏 𝟐 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟐
= 𝑳 − 𝑳 = 𝟐 + 𝑳 + 𝑳𝟐 − 𝟏 + 𝑳 + 𝑳 + 𝝄 𝑳𝟐
𝝁 𝑳 𝟏−𝟐 𝟏−𝟒 𝟐 𝟒 𝟏𝟔

𝟏 𝟑 𝟕 𝟐
=𝟏+ 𝑳+ 𝑳 + 𝝄 𝑳𝟐
𝝁 𝑳 𝟒 𝟏𝟔

𝜸 𝑳 𝟏 𝟑 𝟕 𝟐
𝑶𝒓 =𝜸 𝑳 = " 𝟐 + 𝟑𝑳 + 𝟒𝑳𝟐 𝟏+ 𝑳+ 𝑳 " + 𝝄 𝑳𝟐
𝝁 𝑳 𝝁 𝑳 𝟒 𝟏𝟔

𝜸 𝑳 𝟑 𝟕 𝟗
= 𝟐 + 𝑳 + 𝑳𝟐 + 𝟑𝑳 + 𝑳𝟐 + 𝟒𝑳𝟐 + 𝝄 𝑳𝟐
𝝁 𝑳 𝟐 𝟖 𝟒

𝜸 𝑳 𝜸 𝑳 𝟗 𝟓𝟕 𝟐
𝑫′ 𝒐ù 𝒍𝒆 𝑫𝑳 𝒅𝒆 à 𝒖𝒏 𝒐𝒓𝒅𝒓𝒆 𝟐 𝒆𝒕 𝒂𝒖 𝒗𝒐𝒊𝒔𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒈𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝟎 ∶ =𝟐+ 𝑳+ 𝑳 + 𝝄 𝑳𝟐
𝝁 𝑳 𝝁 𝑳 𝟐 𝟖

Exercice 6 :( DS No3 - DNS No 2, 7, 8, 11, 13) 𝟏𝟎𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔 ∶ 𝟏, 𝟓 + 𝟑 + 𝟏, 𝟓 + 𝟐 + 𝟐

𝑼𝒏𝒆 𝒇𝒐𝒏𝒄𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒅𝒆 𝒑𝒓𝒐𝒅𝒖𝒄𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒆𝒔𝒕 𝒅𝒐𝒏𝒏é𝒆 𝒑𝒂𝒓 𝒍𝒂 𝒓𝒆𝒍𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝑭 𝒙, 𝒚 = 𝒙𝜶 𝒚𝜷 ; 𝜶 > 0 𝑒𝑡 𝛽 > 0

𝒙 𝒆𝒕 𝒚 𝒅é𝒔𝒊𝒈𝒏𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒑𝒆𝒄𝒕𝒊𝒗𝒆𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝒍𝒆𝒔 𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒊𝒕é𝒔 𝒅𝒆 𝒄𝒂𝒑𝒊𝒕𝒂𝒍 𝒆𝒕 𝒍𝒆 𝒕𝒓𝒂𝒗𝒂𝒊𝒍 𝒖𝒕𝒊𝒍𝒊𝒔é𝒔

1) 𝑬𝒕𝒖𝒅𝒊𝒆𝒓 𝒍’𝒉𝒐𝒎𝒐𝒈é𝒏é𝒊𝒕é 𝒅𝒆 𝑭 𝟏, 𝟓 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕


2)
a) 𝑫é𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒆𝒓 𝒍𝒆𝒔 𝒅é𝒓𝒊𝒗é𝒆𝒔 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒊𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒆𝒔 𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒎𝒊è𝒓𝒆𝒔 𝒅𝒆 𝑭 𝟑𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔 ∶ 𝟐 × 𝟏, 𝟓
b) 𝑬𝒄𝒓𝒊𝒓𝒆 𝒍’𝒊𝒅𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊𝒕é 𝒅’𝑬𝒖𝒍𝒆𝒓 𝒗é𝒓𝒊𝒇𝒊é𝒆 𝒑𝒂𝒓 𝑭 𝟏, 𝟓 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕
3) 𝑬𝒄𝒓𝒊𝒓𝒆 𝒍𝒆𝒔 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒅𝒊𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒔 𝒅𝒖 𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒎𝒊𝒆𝒓 𝒐𝒓𝒅𝒓𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝒎𝒂𝒙𝒊𝒎𝒊𝒔𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒅𝒆 𝒍𝒂 𝒇𝒐𝒏𝒄𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒅𝒆

ème
12 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
omega.center.cp@gmail.com https://web.facebook.com/OMEGACENTER2014
𝒑𝒓𝒐𝒇𝒊𝒕 𝚷 𝒅𝒆 𝒍’𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒑𝒓𝒊𝒔𝒆 𝒅é𝒇𝒊𝒏𝒊𝒆 𝒑𝒂𝒓 ∶ 𝚷 𝒙, 𝒚 = 𝒑𝑭 𝒙, 𝒚 − 𝒓𝒙 + 𝒘𝒚 , 𝒔𝒂𝒄𝒉𝒂𝒏𝒕

𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝒑, 𝒓 𝒆𝒕 𝒘 𝒔𝒐𝒏𝒕 𝒅𝒆𝒔 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒂𝒎è𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒔 𝒅𝒐𝒏𝒏é𝒔 𝟐 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔

4) 𝑬𝒏 𝒅é𝒅𝒖𝒊𝒓𝒆 𝒍𝒂 𝒓𝒆𝒍𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 ∶ 𝒓𝒙 + 𝒘𝒚 = 𝒑 𝜶 + 𝜷 𝑭 𝒙, 𝒚 𝟐 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔

Corrigé
1)

∀𝝀 > 0 , ∀ 𝒙, 𝒚 ∈ ℝ𝟐 ; 𝑭 𝝀𝒙, 𝝀𝒚 = 𝝀𝒙 𝜶
𝝀𝒚 𝜷
= 𝝀𝜶 𝒙𝜶 𝝀𝜷 𝒚𝜷 = 𝝀 𝜶+𝜷 𝒙𝜶 𝒚𝜷 = 𝝀 𝜶+𝜷 𝑭 𝒙, 𝒚

𝑫′ 𝒐ù 𝑭 𝒙, 𝒚 𝒆𝒔𝒕 𝒉𝒐𝒎𝒐𝒈è𝒏𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒈𝒓é 𝝀 = 𝜶 + 𝜷

2)
a)

𝝏𝑭 𝜶
∎ 𝑭′𝒙 𝒙, 𝒚 = 𝒙, 𝒚 = 𝒙𝜶 𝒚𝜷 ′
𝒙 = 𝒚𝜷 𝒙 𝜶 ′
𝒙 = 𝜶𝒚𝜷 𝒙𝜶 − 𝟏 = 𝑭 𝒙, 𝒚 , ∀ 𝒙, 𝒚 ∈ ℝ∗ × ℝ
𝝏𝒙 𝒙

𝜶
∀ 𝒙, 𝒚 ∈ ℝ∗ × ℝ , 𝑭′𝒙 𝒙, 𝒚 = 𝜶𝒚𝜷 𝒙𝜶 − 𝟏 = 𝑭 𝒙, 𝒚
𝒙

𝝏𝑭 ′ ′ 𝜷
∎ 𝑭′𝒚 𝒙, 𝒚 = 𝒙, 𝒚 = 𝒙𝜶 𝒚𝜷 = 𝒙 𝜶 𝒚𝜷 = 𝜷𝒙𝜶 𝒚𝜷 − 𝟏 = 𝑭 𝒙, 𝒚 , ∀ 𝒙, 𝒚 ∈ ℝ × ℝ∗
𝝏𝒚 𝒚 𝒚 𝒚

𝜷
∀ 𝒙, 𝒚 ∈ ℝ × ℝ∗ , 𝑭′𝒚 𝒙, 𝒚 = 𝜷𝒙𝜶 𝒚𝜷 − 𝟏 = 𝑭 𝒙, 𝒚
𝒚

b)

𝑫′ 𝒂𝒑𝒓è𝒔 𝒍′ 𝒊𝒅𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊𝒕é 𝒅′ 𝑬𝒖𝒍𝒆𝒓, 𝒐𝒏 𝒂 ∶

′ ′
𝑭 𝒙, 𝒚 𝒆𝒔𝒕 𝒉𝒐𝒎𝒐𝒈è𝒏𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒈𝒓é 𝝀 = 𝜶 + 𝜷 , 𝒙𝑭𝒙 𝒙, 𝒚 + 𝒚𝑭𝒚 𝒙, 𝒚 = 𝜶 + 𝜷 𝑭 𝒙, 𝒚

3)

𝚷 𝒙, 𝒚 = 𝒑𝑭 𝒙, 𝒚 − 𝒓𝒙 + 𝒘𝒚

𝑪𝒐𝒏𝒅𝒊𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒎𝒊𝒆𝒓 𝒐𝒓𝒅𝒓𝒆 ∶

𝚷 𝒂 𝒖𝒏 𝒆𝒙𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒎𝒖𝒎 𝒍𝒐𝒄𝒂𝒍 𝒆𝒏 𝒙, 𝒚 𝒂𝒍𝒐𝒓𝒔 ∶

𝝏𝚷
𝒙, 𝒚 = 𝟎 , 𝒙, 𝒚 ∈ ℝ∗ × ℝ ′
𝒑𝑭𝒙 𝒙, 𝒚 − 𝒓 = 𝟎 , 𝒙, 𝒚 ∈ ℝ∗ × ℝ
𝑺
𝝏𝒙 ⇔
𝝏𝚷 ′
𝒑𝑭𝒚 𝒙, 𝒚 − 𝒘 = 𝟎, 𝒙, 𝒚 ∈ ℝ × ℝ∗
𝒙, 𝒚 = 𝟎, 𝒙, 𝒚 ∈ ℝ × ℝ ∗
𝝏𝒚

ème
13 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
omega.center.cp@gmail.com https://web.facebook.com/OMEGACENTER2014
4)
𝒓
𝑭′𝒙 𝒙, 𝒚 =
𝒑𝑭′𝒙 𝒙, 𝒚 = 𝒓 𝒑
𝒙, 𝒚 𝒆𝒔𝒕 𝒖𝒏 𝒆𝒙𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒎𝒖𝒎 𝒍𝒐𝒄𝒂𝒍 𝒐𝒖 𝒆𝒏𝒄𝒐𝒓𝒆 𝒘 ;𝒑 ≠ 𝟎
𝒑𝑭′𝒚 𝒙, 𝒚 = 𝒘 ′
𝑭𝒚 𝒙, 𝒚 =
𝒑
′ ′
𝑭 é𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒕 𝒉𝒐𝒎𝒐𝒈è𝒏𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒈𝒓é 𝜶 + 𝜷 , 𝒅𝒐𝒏𝒄 𝒙 𝑭𝒙 𝒙, 𝒚 + 𝒚 𝑭𝒚 𝒙, 𝒚 = 𝜶 + 𝜷 𝑭 𝒙, 𝒚
𝒓 𝒘
𝒑 𝒑

𝒓𝒙 𝒘𝒚
𝑷𝒂𝒓 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 + = 𝜶 + 𝜷 𝑭 𝒙, 𝒚 , 𝒅′ 𝒐ù 𝒓𝒙 + 𝒘𝒚 = 𝒑 𝜶 + 𝜷 𝑭 𝒙, 𝒚
𝒑 𝒑

Exercice 7 :( DNS No3, 9, 12) 𝟏𝟎 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔 ∶ 𝟑 + 𝟐 + 𝟓

𝑶𝒏 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒔𝒊𝒅è𝒓𝒆 𝒍𝒆𝒔 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆𝒔 𝒓é𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒆𝒔 𝒙𝒏 𝒏∈ℕ∗ 𝒆𝒕 𝒚𝒏 𝒏∈ℕ∗ 𝒕𝒆𝒍𝒔 𝒒𝒖𝒆 ∶ 𝒚𝒏 = 𝒂 + 𝒃𝒙𝒏 , 𝒂 𝒆𝒕 𝒃 𝒅𝒆𝒖𝒙

𝒓é𝒆𝒍𝒔 𝒏𝒐𝒏 𝒏𝒖𝒍𝒔 .


𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝟏
𝑶𝒏 𝒏𝒐𝒕𝒆 𝒎𝒙 = 𝒙𝒊 𝒆𝒕 𝒎𝒚 = 𝒚𝒊
𝒏 𝒏
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏

1) 𝑬𝒏 𝒂𝒅𝒎𝒆𝒕𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒕 𝒒𝒖𝒆 :
𝒏 𝒏 𝒏

𝒃= 𝒙 𝒊 𝒚𝒊 − 𝒎 𝒚 𝒙 𝒊 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 , 𝒎𝒐𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒓 𝒒𝒖𝒆 ∶ 𝒃 = 𝒘𝒊 𝒚𝒊
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏

𝒏
𝟐
𝒐ù 𝒘𝒊 = 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 𝟑 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔
𝒊=𝟏

2) 𝑽é𝒓𝒊𝒇𝒊𝒆𝒓 𝒒𝒖𝒆 :
𝒏
𝟏
𝒂= 𝒛𝒊 𝒚𝒊 𝒐ù 𝒛𝒊 = − 𝒎𝒙 𝒘 𝒊 𝟐 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔
𝒏
𝒊=𝟏

3) 𝑬𝒕𝒂𝒃𝒍𝒊𝒓 𝒒𝒖𝒆 : 𝟓 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔 ∶ 𝟎, 𝟕𝟓 + 𝟎, 𝟕𝟓 + 𝟎, 𝟕𝟓 + 𝟎, 𝟓 + 𝟎, 𝟕𝟓 + 𝟎, 𝟕𝟓 + 𝟎, 𝟕𝟓


𝒏

∎ 𝒘𝒊 = 𝟎 𝟎, 𝟕𝟓 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕
𝒊=𝟏

𝒏 𝒏

∎ 𝒘𝟐𝒊 = 𝟏 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 𝟐
𝟎, 𝟕𝟓 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏

ème
14 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
omega.center.cp@gmail.com https://web.facebook.com/OMEGACENTER2014
𝒏

∎ 𝒘𝒊 𝒙 𝒊 = 𝟏 𝟎, 𝟕𝟓 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕
𝒊=𝟏

∎ 𝒛𝒊 = 𝟏 𝟎, 𝟓 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕
𝒊=𝟏

𝒏 𝒏
𝟏
∎ 𝒛𝟐𝒊 = + 𝒎𝟐𝒙 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 𝟐
𝟎, 𝟕𝟓 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕
𝒏
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏

∎ 𝒛𝒊 𝒙𝒊 = 𝟎 𝟎, 𝟕𝟓 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕
𝒊=𝟏

𝒏 𝒏
𝟐
∎ 𝒘𝒊 𝒛 𝒊 = − 𝒎 𝒙 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎 𝒙 𝟎, 𝟕𝟓 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏

Corrigé
1)
𝒏 𝒏

𝑶𝒏 𝒂𝒅𝒎𝒆𝒕𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒕 𝒒𝒖𝒆 : 𝒃 = 𝒙 𝒊 𝒚𝒊 − 𝒎 𝒚 𝒙𝒊 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 , 𝑶𝒏 𝒐𝒃𝒕𝒊𝒆𝒏𝒕 ∶


𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏

𝒏 𝒏 𝒏

𝒃= 𝒙 𝒊 𝒚𝒊 − 𝒎 𝒚 𝒙𝒊 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 + 𝒎𝒙 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏

𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝟐
= 𝒙𝒊 𝒚𝒊 − 𝒏𝒎𝒚 𝒙𝒊 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 + 𝒎𝒙 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙
𝒏
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏
𝒎𝒙

𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟐
= 𝒙𝒊 𝒚𝒊 − 𝒏𝒎𝒚 𝒎𝒙 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 + 𝒎𝒙 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏

𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟏
𝑶𝒓 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 = 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 = 𝒏 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒏𝒎𝒙 = 𝒏𝒎𝒙 − 𝒏𝒎𝒙 = 𝟎
𝒏
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏
𝒎𝒙

𝒏 𝒏
𝟐
𝒃= 𝒙 𝒊 − 𝒎 𝒙 𝒚𝒊 − 𝒎 𝒚 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏

𝒏
𝟐
𝑵𝒐𝒕𝒐𝒏𝒔 𝑺𝒏 = 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙
𝒊=𝟏

ème
15 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
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𝒏
𝟏
𝒂𝒊𝒏𝒔𝒊 , 𝒃 = 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 𝒚 𝒊 − 𝒎𝒚
𝑺𝒏
𝒊=𝟏

𝒏
𝟏
= 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 𝒚 𝒊 − 𝒎𝒚 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙
𝑺𝒏
𝒊=𝟏

𝒏 𝒏
𝟏
= 𝒙 𝒊 − 𝒎 𝒙 𝒚𝒊 − 𝒎 𝒚 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙
𝑺𝒏
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏
𝟎

𝒏
𝟏
= 𝒙 𝒊 − 𝒎 𝒙 𝒚𝒊
𝑺𝒏
𝒊=𝟏

𝒏
𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙
= 𝒚𝒊
𝑺𝒏
𝒊=𝟏

𝒏 𝒏
𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 𝟐
= 𝒏 𝟐
𝒚𝒊 , 𝒐𝒓 𝒘𝒊 = 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 𝒊=𝟏

𝑫′ 𝒐ù 𝒃 = 𝒘𝒊 𝒚𝒊
𝒊=𝟏

2) ∀𝒊 = 𝟏, … , 𝒏 , 𝒐𝒏 𝒂 ∶ 𝒚𝒊 = 𝒂 + 𝒃𝒙𝒊 𝒄𝒆 𝒒𝒖𝒊 𝒅𝒐𝒏𝒏𝒆 𝒂 = 𝒚𝒊 − 𝒃𝒙𝒊

𝑬𝒏 𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒍𝒊𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒏𝒕 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒐𝒎𝒎𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝒊 = 𝟏 à 𝒊 = 𝒏 , 𝒐𝒏 𝒐𝒃𝒕𝒊𝒆𝒏𝒕 :


𝒏 𝒏 𝒏

𝒂= 𝒚𝒊 − 𝒃 𝒙𝒊 ⇔ 𝒏𝒂 = 𝒏𝒎𝒚 − 𝒏𝒃𝒎𝒙 ⇔ 𝒂 = 𝒎𝒚 − 𝒃𝒎𝒙


𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏

𝑶𝒓 𝒃 = 𝒘𝒊 𝒚𝒊 , 𝒅𝒐𝒏𝒄 ∶
𝒊=𝟏

𝒂 = 𝒎 𝒚 − 𝒎𝒙 𝒘𝒊 𝒚𝒊
𝒊=𝟏

𝒏 𝒏
𝟏
= 𝒚𝒊 − 𝒎 𝒙 𝒘𝒊 𝒚𝒊
𝒏
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏

𝒏
𝟏
= 𝒚 − 𝒎 𝒙 𝒘𝒊 𝒚𝒊
𝒏 𝒊
𝒊=𝟏

ème
16 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
omega.center.cp@gmail.com https://web.facebook.com/OMEGACENTER2014
𝒏
𝟏
= − 𝒎 𝒙 𝒘𝒊 𝒚𝒊
𝒏
𝒊=𝟏

𝒏
𝟏
𝑶𝒓 𝒛𝒊 = − 𝒎𝒙 𝒘𝒊 𝒅′ 𝒐ù 𝒂 = 𝒛 𝒊 𝒚𝒊
𝒏
𝒊=𝟏

3) 𝑬𝒕𝒂𝒃𝒍𝒊𝒓 𝒒𝒖𝒆 :
𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 𝟐
∎ 𝒘𝒊 = 𝒏 𝟐
= 𝒐ù 𝑺𝒏 = 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 𝒊=𝟏
𝑺𝒏
𝒊=𝟏

𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 ′
𝒘𝒊 = 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 𝒅 𝒐ù 𝒘𝒊 = 𝟎
𝑺𝒏
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏
𝟎

𝒏 𝒏 𝟐 𝒏 𝒏
𝟐
𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 𝟏 𝑺𝒏 𝟏
∎ 𝒘𝟐𝒊 = 𝒏 𝟐
= = 𝟐 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 𝟐
= =
𝒊=𝟏 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 𝑺𝟐𝒏 𝑺𝒏 𝟐
𝑺 𝒏 𝑺𝒏
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏

𝒏 𝒏

𝑫′ 𝒐ù 𝒘𝟐𝒊 = 𝟏 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎 𝒙 𝟐

𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏

𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎 𝒙 𝒙𝒊 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 𝟏
∎ 𝒘𝒊 𝒙 𝒊 = 𝒏 𝟐
𝒙𝒊 = = 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 + 𝒎𝒙 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 𝒊=𝟏
𝑺𝒏 𝑺𝒏
𝒊=𝟏

𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝟐
𝒘 𝒊 𝒙𝒊 = 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 + 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 , 𝒅′ 𝒐ù 𝒘𝒊 𝒙 𝒊 = 𝟏
𝑺𝒏
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏
𝑺𝒏 𝟎

𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝟏 𝟏
∎ 𝒛𝒊 = − 𝒎 𝒙 𝒘𝒊 = − 𝒎𝒙 𝒘𝒊 = 𝒏 × 𝒅′ 𝒐ù 𝒛𝒊 = 𝟏
𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏
𝟎

𝒏 𝒏 𝟐 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝟏
∎ 𝒛𝟐𝒊 = − 𝒎 𝒙 𝒘𝒊 = − 𝟐𝒎𝒙 𝒘𝒊 + 𝒎𝟐𝒙 𝒘𝟐𝒊
𝒏 𝒏𝟐
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏
𝟏 𝟎 𝟏 𝒏 𝒙𝒊 −𝒎𝒙 𝟐
𝒏× 𝟐 𝒊=𝟏
𝒏

𝒏
𝟏 𝒎𝟐𝒙

𝑫 𝒐ù 𝒛𝟐𝒊 = + 𝒏 𝟐
𝒏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎 𝒙
𝒊=𝟏

ème
17 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
omega.center.cp@gmail.com https://web.facebook.com/OMEGACENTER2014
𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝟏 ′
∎ 𝒛𝒊 𝒙𝒊 = − 𝒎 𝒙 𝒘𝒊 𝒙 𝒊 = 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 𝒘𝒊 𝒙𝒊 = 𝒎𝒙 − 𝒎𝒙 , 𝒅 𝒐ù 𝒛𝒊 𝒙𝒊 = 𝟎
𝒏 𝒏
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏
𝒎𝒙 𝟏

𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝟏
∎ 𝒘𝒊 𝒛 𝒊 = 𝒘𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙 𝒘 𝒊 = 𝒘𝒊 − 𝒎 𝒙 𝒘𝟐𝒊
𝒏 𝒏
𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏
𝟎 𝟏 𝒏 𝒙𝒊 −𝒎𝒙 𝟐
𝒊=𝟏

𝒏

𝒎𝒙
𝑫 𝒐ù 𝒘𝒊 𝒛 𝒊 = − 𝒏 𝟐
𝒊=𝟏 𝒙𝒊 − 𝒎𝒙
𝒊=𝟏

Exercice 8 :( DS No9 - DNS No3) 𝟓 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔

𝒊
𝑪𝒂𝒍𝒄𝒖𝒍𝒆𝒓
𝒋
𝟏≤𝒊≤𝒋≤𝒏

Corrigé
𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒋

𝒂𝒊𝒋 = 𝒂𝒊𝒋 = 𝒂𝒊𝒋


𝟎≤𝒊≤𝒋≤𝒏 𝒊=𝟎 𝒋=𝒊 𝒋=𝟎 𝒊=𝟎

𝒏 𝒋 𝒏 𝒋 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝒊 𝒊 𝟏 𝟏 𝒋 𝒋+𝟏 𝒋+𝟏 𝟏
= = 𝒊 = = = 𝒋+ 𝟏
𝒋 𝒋 𝒋 𝒋 𝟐 𝟐 𝟐
𝟏≤𝒊≤𝒋≤𝒏 𝒋=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒋=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒋=𝟏 𝒋=𝟏 𝒋=𝟏 𝒋=𝟏

𝟏 𝒏 𝒏+𝟏 𝟏 𝒏 𝒏 + 𝟏 + 𝟐𝒏
= +𝒏 = =𝒏 𝒏+𝟏+𝟐
𝟐 𝟐 𝟐 𝟐

𝒊
𝑫′ 𝒐ù = 𝒏 𝒏+𝟑
𝒋
𝟏≤𝒊≤𝒋≤𝒏

Exercice 9 :( DS No4)
𝑳𝒆 𝟏𝒆𝒓 𝒋𝒂𝒏𝒗𝒊𝒆𝒓 𝟐𝟎𝟏𝟎, 𝒖𝒏𝒆 𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒑𝒓𝒊𝒔𝒆 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒑𝒕𝒆 𝟐𝟐𝟎 𝟎𝟎𝟎 𝒆𝒎𝒑𝒍𝒐𝒚é𝒔.

𝑷𝒐𝒖𝒓 𝒂𝒋𝒖𝒔𝒕𝒆𝒓 𝒔𝒐𝒏 𝒆𝒇𝒇𝒆𝒄𝒕𝒊𝒇𝒔 à 𝒔𝒆𝒔 𝒃𝒆𝒔𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒔, 𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒏𝒆 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒑𝒆𝒏𝒔𝒆𝒓𝒂 𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒊𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒆𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝒍𝒆𝒔

𝒅é𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒔 à 𝒍𝒂 𝒓𝒆𝒕𝒓𝒂𝒊𝒕𝒆. 𝑻𝒐𝒖𝒔 𝒍𝒆𝒔 𝒂𝒏𝒔, 𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒆𝒎𝒃𝒂𝒖𝒄𝒉𝒆 𝟏𝟎 𝟎𝟎𝟎 𝒋𝒆𝒖𝒏𝒆𝒔, 𝒂𝒍𝒐𝒓𝒔 𝒒𝒖’𝒊𝒍 𝒆𝒔𝒕 𝒑𝒓é𝒗𝒖 𝒒𝒖𝒆

𝟏𝟎% 𝒅𝒆 𝒍’𝒆𝒇𝒇𝒆𝒄𝒕𝒊𝒇 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒆 𝒆𝒏 𝒓𝒆𝒕𝒓𝒂𝒊𝒕𝒆. 𝑳𝒆 𝒔𝒖𝒓𝒆𝒇𝒇𝒆𝒄𝒕𝒊𝒇 𝒂𝒖 𝟏𝒆𝒓 𝒋𝒂𝒏𝒗𝒊𝒆𝒓 𝟐𝟎𝟏𝟎 𝒆𝒔𝒕 𝒅𝒆 𝟒𝟓 𝟎𝟎𝟎

ème
18 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
omega.center.cp@gmail.com https://web.facebook.com/OMEGACENTER2014
𝒑𝒆𝒓𝒔𝒐𝒏𝒏𝒆𝒔.

𝑶𝒏 𝒏𝒐𝒕𝒆 𝒖𝒏 𝑳𝒆 𝒏𝒐𝒎𝒃𝒓𝒆 𝒅’𝒆𝒎𝒑𝒍𝒐𝒚é𝒔 𝒍𝒆 𝟏𝒆𝒓 𝒋𝒂𝒏𝒗𝒊𝒆𝒓 𝒅𝒆 𝒍’𝒂𝒏 𝟐𝟎𝟎𝟎 + 𝒏

1) 𝑪𝒂𝒍𝒄𝒖𝒍𝒆𝒓 𝒖𝟏 𝒆𝒕 𝒖𝟐 ; 𝒑𝒖𝒊𝒔 𝒖𝒏+𝟏 𝒆𝒏 𝒇𝒐𝒏𝒄𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒅𝒆 𝒖𝒏


2) 𝑹é𝒔𝒐𝒖𝒅𝒓𝒆 𝒍′ é𝒒𝒖𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 ∶ 𝒙 = 𝟎, 𝟗𝒙 + 𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎 . 𝒔𝒐𝒊𝒕 𝜶 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒐𝒍𝒖𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏
3) 𝑶𝒏 𝒑𝒐𝒔𝒆 𝒗𝒏 = 𝒖𝒏 − 𝜶
a) 𝑪𝒂𝒍𝒄𝒖𝒍𝒆𝒓 𝒗𝟏
b) 𝑪𝒂𝒍𝒄𝒖𝒍𝒆𝒓 𝒗𝒏+𝟏 𝒆𝒏 𝒇𝒐𝒏𝒄𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒅𝒆 𝒗𝒏 , 𝒑𝒖𝒊𝒔 𝒗𝒏 𝒆𝒏 𝒇𝒐𝒏𝒄𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒅𝒆 𝒏
c) 𝑫é𝒅𝒖𝒊𝒓𝒆 𝒖𝒏 𝒆𝒏 𝒇𝒐𝒏𝒄𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒅𝒆 𝒏
4) 𝑬𝒏 𝒒𝒖𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒂𝒏𝒏é𝒆 𝒍′ 𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒑𝒓𝒊𝒔𝒆 𝒏𝒆 𝒔𝒆𝒓𝒂 𝒑𝒍𝒖𝒔 𝒆𝒏 𝒔𝒖𝒓𝒆𝒇𝒇𝒆𝒄𝒕𝒊𝒇

Corrigé
1) 𝑪𝒂𝒍𝒄𝒖𝒍𝒆𝒓 𝒖𝟏 𝒆𝒕 𝒖𝟐 ; 𝒑𝒖𝒊𝒔 𝒖𝒏+𝟏 𝒆𝒏 𝒇𝒐𝒏𝒄𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒅𝒆 𝒖𝒏
𝟎, 𝟏𝒖𝟏 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝒆𝒏 𝒓𝒆𝒕𝒓𝒂𝒊𝒕𝒆

∎ 𝒖𝟏 é𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒕 𝒍𝒆 𝒏𝒐𝒎𝒃𝒓𝒆 𝒅’𝒆𝒎𝒑𝒍𝒐𝒚é𝒔 𝒍𝒆 𝟏𝒆𝒓 𝒋𝒂𝒏𝒗𝒊𝒆𝒓 𝒅𝒆 𝒍’𝒂𝒏 𝟐𝟎𝟎𝟏

𝟎, 𝟗 𝒖𝟏 𝒒𝒖𝒊 𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒆𝒏𝒕
𝒂

𝟎, 𝟏𝒖𝟐 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝒆𝒏 𝒓𝒆𝒕𝒓𝒂𝒊𝒕𝒆

∎ 𝒖𝟐 é𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒕 𝒍𝒆 𝒏𝒐𝒎𝒃𝒓𝒆 𝒅’𝒆𝒎𝒑𝒍𝒐𝒚é𝒔 𝒍𝒆 𝟏𝒆𝒓 𝒋𝒂𝒏𝒗𝒊𝒆𝒓 𝒅𝒆 𝒍’𝒂𝒏 𝟐𝟎𝟎𝟐

𝑰𝒏𝒋𝒆𝒄𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒅𝒆 𝟏𝟎 𝟎𝟎𝟎 𝒋𝒆𝒖𝒏𝒆𝒔


𝒃

𝑷𝒂𝒓 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒖𝟐 = 𝒂𝒖𝟏 + 𝒃 , 𝒐ù 𝒂 = 𝟎, 𝟗 ; 𝒍𝒆 𝒏𝒐𝒎𝒃𝒓𝒆 𝒅′ 𝒆𝒎𝒑𝒍𝒐𝒚é𝒔 𝒒𝒖𝒊 𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒕𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝒅𝒆 𝒍′ 𝒂𝒏𝒏é𝒆 𝟐𝟎𝟎𝟐

𝒆𝒕 𝒃 = 𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎 𝒍𝒆 𝒏𝒐𝒎𝒃𝒓𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝒋𝒆𝒖𝒏𝒆𝒔 𝒆𝒎𝒑𝒍𝒐𝒚é𝒔 𝒊𝒏𝒋𝒆𝒄𝒕é𝒔


𝟏
𝟐 𝟐
∎ 𝑫𝒆 𝒎ê𝒎𝒆 𝒖𝟑 = 𝒂𝒖𝟐 + 𝒃 = 𝒂 𝒂𝒖𝟏 + 𝒃 + 𝒃 = 𝒂 𝒖𝟏 + 𝒃 𝟏 + 𝒂 = 𝒂 𝒖𝟏 + 𝒃 𝒂𝒌
𝒌=𝟎

𝟐
𝟐 𝟑 𝟐 𝟑
∎ 𝒖𝟒 = 𝒂𝒖𝟑 + 𝒃 = 𝒂 𝒂 𝒖𝟏 + 𝒃 𝟏 + 𝒂 + 𝒃 = 𝒂 𝒖𝟏 + 𝒃 𝟏 + 𝒂 + 𝒂 = 𝒂 𝒖𝟏 + 𝒃 𝒂𝒌
𝒌=𝟎

𝟑
𝟑 𝟐 𝟒
∎ 𝒖𝟓 = 𝒂𝒖𝟒 + 𝒃 = 𝒂 𝒂 𝒖𝟏 + 𝒃 𝟏 + 𝒂 + 𝒂 + 𝒃 = 𝒂 𝒖𝟏 + 𝒃 𝒂𝒌
𝒌=𝟎

𝟒
𝟒 𝟐 𝟑 𝟓
∎ 𝒖𝟔 = 𝒂𝒖𝟓 + 𝒃 = 𝒂 𝒂 𝒖𝟏 + 𝒃 𝟏 + 𝒂 + 𝒂 + 𝒂 + 𝒃 = 𝒂 𝒖𝟏 + 𝒃 𝒂𝒌
𝒌=𝟎

ème
19 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
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𝟒 𝟓
𝟓 𝒌 𝟔
∎ 𝒖𝟕 = 𝒂𝒖𝟔 + 𝒃 = 𝒂 𝒂 𝒖𝟏 + 𝒃 𝒂 + 𝒃 = 𝒂 𝒖𝟏 + 𝒃 𝒂𝒌
𝒌=𝟎 𝒌=𝟎

𝟓 𝟔
𝟔 𝒌 𝟕
∎ 𝒖𝟖 = 𝒂𝒖𝟕 + 𝒃 = 𝒂 𝒂 𝒖𝟏 + 𝒃 𝒂 + 𝒃 = 𝒂 𝒖𝟏 + 𝒃 𝒂𝒌
𝒌=𝟎 𝒌=𝟎

𝟔 𝟕
𝟕 𝒌 𝟖
∎ 𝒖𝟗 = 𝒂𝒖𝟖 + 𝒃 = 𝒂 𝒂 𝒖𝟏 + 𝒃 𝒂 + 𝒃 = 𝒂 𝒖𝟏 + 𝒃 𝒂𝒌
𝒌=𝟎 𝒌=𝟎

𝟕 𝟖
𝟖 𝒌 𝟗
∎ 𝒖𝟏𝟎 = 𝒂𝒖𝟗 + 𝒃 = 𝒂 𝒂 𝒖𝟏 + 𝒃 𝒂 + 𝒃 = 𝒂 𝒖𝟏 + 𝒃 𝒂𝒌
𝒌=𝟎 𝒌=𝟎

𝑶𝒓 𝒍𝒆 𝟏𝒆𝒓 𝒋𝒂𝒏𝒗𝒊𝒆𝒓 𝟐𝟎𝟏𝟎, 𝒖𝒏𝒆 𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒑𝒓𝒊𝒔𝒆 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒑𝒕𝒆 𝟐𝟐𝟎 𝟎𝟎𝟎 𝒆𝒎𝒑𝒍𝒐𝒚é𝒔, 𝒅𝒐𝒏𝒄 𝒖𝟏𝟎 = 𝟐𝟐𝟎 𝟎𝟎𝟎
𝟖 𝟖
𝟗 𝒌
𝑷𝒂𝒓 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒂 𝒖𝟏 + 𝒃 𝒂 = 𝟐𝟐𝟎 𝟎𝟎𝟎 ⇔ 𝒖𝟏 = 𝟐𝟐𝟎 𝟎𝟎𝟎 − 𝒃 𝒂𝒌 𝒂𝟗
𝒌=𝟎 𝒌=𝟎

𝒏−𝟏
𝟏 − 𝒂𝒏
𝑬𝒕 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒎𝒆 𝒐𝒏 𝒂 ∶ 𝒂𝒌 = 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒐𝒎𝒎𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒔 𝒏-𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒎𝒊𝒆𝒓𝒔 𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒆𝒔 𝒅′ 𝒖𝒏𝒆 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆
𝟏−𝒂
𝒌=𝟎

𝒈é𝒐𝒎é𝒕𝒓𝒊𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝟏𝒆𝒓 𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒆 𝒂𝟎 = 𝟏 𝒆𝒕 𝒅𝒆 𝒓𝒂𝒊𝒔𝒐𝒏 𝒂 ∈ ℝ ∖ 𝟎, 𝟏 .


𝟖
𝟏 − 𝒂𝟗
𝑪𝒆 𝒒𝒖𝒊 𝒅𝒐𝒏𝒏𝒆 𝒂𝒌 =
𝟏−𝒂
𝒌=𝟎

𝒃 𝟏 − 𝒂𝟗 𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎 × 𝟏 − 𝟎, 𝟗 𝟗
𝒆𝒕 𝒖𝟏 = 𝟐𝟐𝟎 𝟎𝟎𝟎 − 𝒂𝟗 = 𝟐𝟐𝟎 𝟎𝟎𝟎 − 𝟎, 𝟗 𝟗
𝟏−𝒂 𝟏 − 𝟎, 𝟗

𝒖𝟏 = 𝟒𝟎𝟗𝟕𝟒𝟏 , 𝒍𝒆 𝒏𝒐𝒎𝒃𝒓𝒆 𝒅’𝒆𝒎𝒑𝒍𝒐𝒚é𝒔 𝒍𝒆 𝟏𝒆𝒓 𝒋𝒂𝒏𝒗𝒊𝒆𝒓 𝒅𝒆 𝒍’𝒂𝒏 𝟐𝟎𝟎𝟏

𝒖𝟐 = 𝒂𝒖𝟏 + 𝒃 = 𝟎, 𝟗 × 𝟒𝟎𝟗𝟕𝟒𝟏 + 𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎

𝒖𝟐 = 𝟑𝟕𝟖𝟕𝟔𝟕 , 𝒍𝒆 𝒏𝒐𝒎𝒃𝒓𝒆 𝒅’𝒆𝒎𝒑𝒍𝒐𝒚é𝒔 𝒍𝒆 𝟏𝒆𝒓 𝒋𝒂𝒏𝒗𝒊𝒆𝒓 𝒅𝒆 𝒍’𝒂𝒏 𝟐𝟎𝟎𝟐

∎ 𝒖𝒏+𝟏 = 𝒂𝒖𝒏 + 𝒃 = 𝟎, 𝟗𝒖𝒏 + 𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎

𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎
2) 𝒙 = 𝟎, 𝟗𝒙 + 𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎 ⇔ 𝒙 = 𝒆𝒕 𝜶 = 𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎
𝟎,𝟏
3)
a) 𝒗𝟏 = 𝒖𝟏 − 𝜶 = 𝟒𝟎𝟗𝟕𝟒𝟏 − 𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎 , 𝒗𝟏 = 𝟑𝟎𝟗𝟕𝟒𝟏
b) 𝒗𝒏+𝟏 = 𝒖𝒏+𝟏 − 𝜶 = 𝒂𝒖𝒏 + 𝒃 − 𝜶

𝒐𝒓 𝒗𝒏 = 𝒖𝒏 − 𝜶 ⇔ 𝒖𝒏 = 𝒗𝒏 + 𝜶 , 𝒂𝒊𝒏𝒔𝒊 𝒗𝒏+𝟏 = 𝒂 𝒗𝒏 + 𝜶 + 𝒃 − 𝜶 = 𝒂𝒗𝒏 + 𝒂𝜶 + 𝒃 − 𝜶

ème
20 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
omega.center.cp@gmail.com https://web.facebook.com/OMEGACENTER2014
𝒗𝒏+𝟏 = 𝟎, 𝟗𝒗𝒏 + 𝟎, 𝟗 × 𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎 + 𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎 − 𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎 = 𝟎, 𝟗𝒗𝒏 + 𝟗𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎 + 𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎 − 𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎

𝑫′ 𝒐ù 𝒗𝒏+𝟏 = 𝟎, 𝟗𝒗𝒏

𝒗𝒏 𝒏∈ℕ∗ 𝒆𝒔𝒕, 𝒅𝒐𝒏𝒄, 𝒖𝒏𝒆 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒈é𝒐𝒎é𝒕𝒓𝒊𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝟏𝒆𝒓 𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒆 𝒗𝟏 = 𝟑𝟎𝟗𝟕𝟒𝟏 𝒆𝒕 𝒅𝒆 𝒓𝒂𝒊𝒔𝒐𝒏 𝒒 = 𝟎, 𝟗

𝑷𝒂𝒓 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒗𝒏 = 𝒂𝒏−𝟏 𝒗𝟏 ∀𝒏 ∈ ℕ∗

𝑫′ 𝒐ù 𝒗𝒏 = 𝟑𝟎𝟗𝟕𝟒𝟏 × 𝟎, 𝟗 𝒏−𝟏

𝒏−𝟏
c) 𝒖𝒏 = 𝒗𝒏 + 𝜶, 𝒅𝒐𝒏𝒄 𝒖𝒏 = 𝟑𝟎𝟗𝟕𝟒𝟏 × 𝟎, 𝟗 + 𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎

𝟏−𝟏
𝑶𝒏 𝒗é𝒓𝒊𝒇𝒊𝒆 𝒃𝒊𝒆𝒏 𝒒𝒖𝒆 ∶ 𝒖𝟏 = 𝟑𝟎𝟗𝟕𝟒𝟏 × 𝟎, 𝟗 + 𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎 = 𝟒𝟎𝟗𝟕𝟒𝟏 …
𝟏

𝟏𝟎−𝟏
𝒆𝒕 𝒖𝟏𝟎 = 𝟑𝟎𝟗𝟕𝟒𝟏 × 𝟎, 𝟗 + 𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎 = 𝟐𝟐𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎

4) 𝑳𝒆 𝟏𝒆𝒓 𝒋𝒂𝒏𝒗𝒊𝒆𝒓 𝟐𝟎𝟏𝟎, 𝒍′ 𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒑𝒓𝒊𝒔𝒆 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒑𝒕𝒆 𝟐𝟐𝟎 𝟎𝟎𝟎 𝒆𝒎𝒑𝒍𝒐𝒚é𝒔, 𝒍𝒆 𝒔𝒖𝒓𝒆𝒇𝒇𝒆𝒄𝒕𝒊𝒇 𝒆𝒔𝒕 𝒅𝒆

𝟒𝟓 𝟎𝟎𝟎 𝒑𝒆𝒓𝒔𝒐𝒏𝒏𝒆𝒔 . 𝑬𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒏𝒆 𝒔𝒆𝒓𝒂 𝒑𝒍𝒖𝒔 𝒆𝒏 𝒔𝒖𝒓𝒆𝒇𝒇𝒆𝒄𝒕𝒊𝒇 𝒔𝒊 ∶

∀𝒏 ∈ ℕ∗ 𝒖𝒏 ≤ 𝟐𝟐𝟎 𝟎𝟎𝟎 − 𝟒𝟓 𝟎𝟎𝟎 ⇔ 𝟑𝟎𝟗𝟕𝟒𝟏 × 𝟎, 𝟗 𝒏−𝟏


+ 𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎 ≤ 𝟏𝟕𝟓𝟎𝟎𝟎

𝒏−𝟏
𝟕𝟓𝟎𝟎𝟎
⇔ 𝟎, 𝟗 ≤
𝟑𝟎𝟗𝟕𝟒𝟏
𝒏−𝟏
⇔ 𝐥𝐧 𝟎, 𝟗 ≤ 𝐥𝐧 𝟎, 𝟐𝟒𝟐𝟏𝟒

⇔ 𝐧 − 𝟏 𝐥𝐧 𝟎, 𝟗 ≤ 𝐥𝐧 𝟎, 𝟐𝟒𝟐𝟏𝟒
<0

𝐥𝐧 𝟎, 𝟐𝟒𝟐𝟏𝟒
⇔ 𝐧−𝟏 ≥
𝐥𝐧 𝟎, 𝟗

𝐥𝐧 𝟎, 𝟐𝟒𝟐𝟏𝟒
⇔𝐧≥ +𝟏
𝐥𝐧 𝟎, 𝟗

⇔ 𝐧 ≥ 𝟏𝟒, 𝟒

À 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒊𝒓 𝒅𝒆 𝟐𝟎𝟏𝟓 𝒍′𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒑𝒓𝒊𝒔𝒆 𝒏𝒆 𝒔𝒆𝒓𝒂 𝒑𝒍𝒖𝒔 𝒆𝒏 𝒔𝒖𝒓𝒆𝒇𝒇𝒆𝒄𝒕𝒊𝒇

Exercice 10 :( DS No5- DNS No4) 𝟓 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔 ∶ 𝟏, 𝟓 + 𝟑, 𝟓

𝟐𝒏−𝟏 𝒂 𝒃 𝒄
1) 𝑻𝒓𝒐𝒖𝒗𝒆𝒓 𝒍𝒆𝒔 𝒓é𝒆𝒍𝒔 𝒂, 𝒃 𝒆𝒕 𝒄 𝒕𝒆𝒍𝒔 𝒒𝒖𝒆 ∶ = 𝒏 + 𝒏+𝟐 + 𝒏−𝟐 𝟏, 𝟓 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕
𝒏 𝒏𝟐 −𝟒
𝟐𝒏−𝟏
2) 𝑴𝒐𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒓 𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝒍𝒂 𝒔é𝒓𝒊𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒆 𝒈é𝒏é𝒓𝒂𝒍 𝒖𝒏 = 𝒏 𝒆𝒔𝒕 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒗𝒆𝒓𝒈𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆 ,
𝒏𝟐 −𝟒
∀𝒏≥𝟑 𝟑, 𝟓 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔

ème
21 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
omega.center.cp@gmail.com https://web.facebook.com/OMEGACENTER2014
Corrigé
1)

𝟐𝒏 − 𝟏 𝒂 𝒃 𝒄 𝟐𝒏 − 𝟏 𝒂 𝒃 𝒏−𝟐 +𝒄 𝒏+𝟐
𝟐
= + + ⇔ 𝟐
= +
𝒏 𝒏 −𝟒 𝒏 𝒏+𝟐 𝒏−𝟐 𝒏 𝒏 −𝟒 𝒏 𝒏𝟐 − 𝟒

𝟐𝒏 − 𝟏 𝒂 𝒏𝟐 − 𝟒 + 𝒃𝒏 𝒏 − 𝟐 + 𝒄𝒏 𝒏 + 𝟐
⇔ =
𝒏 𝒏𝟐 − 𝟒 𝒏 𝒏𝟐 − 𝟒

𝟐𝒏 − 𝟏 𝒂 + 𝒃 + 𝒄 𝒏𝟐 + −𝟐𝒃 + 𝟐𝒄 𝒏 − 𝟒𝒂
⇔ =
𝒏 𝒏𝟐 − 𝟒 𝒏 𝒏𝟐 − 𝟒

𝟏
−𝟒𝒂 = −𝟏 𝒂=
𝑷𝒂𝒓 𝒊𝒅𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒊𝒇𝒊𝒄𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏, 𝒐𝒏 𝒐𝒃𝒕𝒊𝒆𝒏𝒕 ∶ −𝟐𝒃 + 𝟐𝒄 = 𝟐 ⇔ 𝟒
𝒄=𝟏+𝒃
𝒂+𝒃+𝒄=𝟎
𝒂+𝒃+𝒄=𝟎
𝟏
𝒂=
𝟒
⇔ 𝒄=𝟏+𝒃
𝟏
+𝒃+𝟏+𝒃=𝟎
𝟒
𝟏
𝒂=
𝟒
⇔ 𝒄=𝟏+𝒃
𝟓
+ 𝟐𝒃 = 𝟎
𝟒
𝟏
𝒂=
𝟒
⇔ 𝒄=𝟏+𝒃
𝟓
𝒃=−
𝟖
𝟏
𝒂=
𝟒
𝟑
⇔ 𝒄=
𝟖
𝟓
𝒃=−
𝟖

𝟐𝒏 − 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟓 𝟏 𝟑 𝟏
𝑫′ 𝒐ù 𝟐
= × − × + ×
𝒏 𝒏 −𝟒 𝟒 𝒏 𝟖 𝒏+𝟐 𝟖 𝒏−𝟐

2)
𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟐𝒌 − 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟓 𝟏 𝟑 𝟏
𝒖𝒌 = 𝟐
= − +
𝒌 𝒌 −𝟒 𝟒 𝒌 𝟖 𝒌+𝟐 𝟖 𝒌−𝟐
𝒌=𝟑 𝒌=𝟑 𝒌=𝟑 𝒌=𝟑 𝒌=𝟑

ème
22 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
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𝒏 𝒏+𝟐 𝒏−𝟐
𝟏 𝟏 𝟓 𝟏 𝟑 𝟏
= − +
𝟒 𝒌 𝟖 𝒌 𝟖 𝒌
𝒌=𝟑 𝒌=𝟓 𝒌=𝟏

𝒏−𝟐 𝒏−𝟐 𝒏−𝟐


𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟓 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟑 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏
= + + + + − + + + + + 𝟏+ + + +
𝟒 𝟑 𝟒 𝒏 𝒏−𝟏 𝒌 𝟖 𝒏+𝟐 𝒏+𝟏 𝒏 𝒏−𝟏 𝒌 𝟖 𝟐 𝟑 𝟒 𝒌
𝒌=𝟓 𝒌=𝟓 𝒌=𝟓

𝒏−𝟐
𝟕 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟓 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏𝟑 𝟏 𝟓 𝟑 𝟏
= + + − + + + + + − +
𝟒𝟖 𝟒 𝒏 𝒏 − 𝟏 𝟖 𝒏+𝟐 𝒏+𝟏 𝒏 𝒏−𝟏 𝟑𝟐 𝟒 𝟖 𝟖 𝒌
𝒌=𝟓
𝟎

𝒏
𝟓𝟑 𝟓 𝟓 𝟑 𝟑
𝒖𝒌 = − − − −
𝟗𝟔 𝟖 𝒏 + 𝟐 𝟖 𝒏+𝟏 𝟖𝒏 𝟖 𝒏 − 𝟏
𝒌=𝟑

+∞
𝟓𝟑 𝟓 𝟓 𝟑 𝟑 𝟓𝟑
𝑷𝒂𝒓 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒖𝒌 = 𝐥𝐢𝐦 − − − − =
𝒏→+∞ 𝟗𝟔 𝟖 𝒏 + 𝟐 𝟖 𝒏+𝟏 𝟖𝒏 𝟖 𝒏 − 𝟏 𝟗𝟔
𝒌=𝟑

+∞

𝟓𝟑
𝑫 𝒐ù 𝒖𝒏 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒗𝒆𝒓𝒈𝒆 𝒆𝒕 𝒖𝒌 =
𝟗𝟔
𝒌=𝟑

Exercice 11 :( DS No5) 𝟓 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔 ∶ 𝟎, 𝟓 + 𝟒, 𝟓


𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟐 𝟑 𝟑
𝑶𝒏 𝒅𝒐𝒏𝒏𝒆 𝑺𝟏 = 𝒑 , 𝑺𝟐 = 𝒑 , 𝑺𝟑 = 𝒑 𝒆𝒕 𝑺𝟒 = 𝒑+𝟏
𝒑=𝟏 𝒑=𝟏 𝒑=𝟏 𝒑=𝟏

𝒏 𝒏+𝟏
1) 𝑴𝒐𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒓 𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝑺𝟏 = 𝟎, 𝟓 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕
𝟐
2) 𝑪𝒂𝒍𝒄𝒖𝒍𝒆𝒓 𝒅𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒖𝒙 𝒎𝒂𝒏𝒊è𝒓𝒆𝒔 𝒅𝒊𝒇𝒇é𝒓𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒔 𝑺𝟒 − 𝑺𝟑 𝒑𝒖𝒊𝒔 𝒅é𝒅𝒖𝒊𝒓𝒆 𝑺𝟐 𝟒, 𝟓 𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔

Corrigé
1)
𝒏

𝑺𝟏 = 𝒑 𝒆𝒔𝒕 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒐𝒎𝒎𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒔 𝒏-𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒎𝒊𝒆𝒓𝒔 𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒆𝒔 𝒅′ 𝒖𝒏𝒆 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒂𝒓𝒊𝒕𝒉𝒎é𝒕𝒊𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒎𝒊𝒆𝒓


𝒑=𝟏

𝒏
𝒏 𝒖𝟏 + 𝒖𝒏 𝒏 𝟏+𝒏 ′ 𝒏 𝒏+𝟏
𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒆 𝒖𝟏 = 𝟏 𝒆𝒕 𝒅𝒆 𝒓𝒂𝒊𝒔𝒐𝒏 𝒓 = 𝟏, 𝒂𝒊𝒏𝒔𝒊 𝑺𝟏 = 𝒑= = 𝒅 𝒐ù 𝑺𝟏 =
𝟐 𝟐 𝟐
𝒑=𝟏

2)

∎ 𝟏è𝒓𝒆 𝒎𝒂𝒏𝒊è𝒓𝒆

ème
23 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
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BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
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𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟑
𝑺𝟒 − 𝑺 𝟑 = 𝒑+𝟏 − 𝒑𝟑 = 𝒑+𝟏 𝟑
− 𝒑𝟑 = 𝒑+𝟏−𝒑 𝒑+𝟏 𝟐
+ 𝒑 𝒑 + 𝟏 + 𝒑𝟐
𝒑=𝟏 𝒑=𝟏 𝒑=𝟏 𝒑=𝟏 𝟏

𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟐 𝟐 𝟐 𝟐 𝟐 𝟐
= 𝒑+𝟏 +𝒑 𝒑+𝟏 +𝒑 = 𝒑 + 𝟐𝒑 + 𝟏 + 𝒑 + 𝒑 + 𝒑 =𝟑 𝒑 +𝟑 𝒑+ 𝟏
𝒑=𝟏 𝒑=𝟏 𝒑=𝟏 𝒑=𝟏 𝒑=𝟏

𝟑𝒏 𝒏 + 𝟏 𝒏 𝟑𝒏 + 𝟓
𝑺𝟒 − 𝑺𝟑 = 𝟑𝑺𝟐 + 𝟑𝑺𝟏 + 𝒏 = 𝟑𝑺𝟐 + + 𝒏 = 𝟑𝑺𝟐 +
𝟐 𝟐

𝑺𝟒 − 𝑺𝟑 𝒏 𝟑𝒏 + 𝟓
𝑺𝟐 = −
𝟑 𝟔

∎ 𝟐è𝒎𝒆 𝒎𝒂𝒏𝒊è𝒓𝒆

𝒏 𝒏 𝒏+𝟏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟑
𝑺𝟒 − 𝑺 𝟑 = 𝒑+𝟏 − 𝒑𝟑 = 𝒑𝟑 − 𝒑𝟑 = 𝒏+𝟏 𝟑
+ 𝒑𝟑 − 𝟏𝟑 + 𝒑𝟑
𝒑=𝟏 𝒑=𝟏 𝒑=𝟐 𝒑=𝟏 𝒑=𝟐 𝒑=𝟐

𝟑
= 𝒏+𝟏 − 𝟏 = 𝒏𝟑 + 𝟑𝒏𝟐 + 𝟑𝒏 + 𝟏 − 𝟏 = 𝒏 𝒏𝟐 + 𝟑𝒏 + 𝟑

𝑺𝟒 − 𝑺𝟑 = 𝒏 𝒏𝟐 + 𝟑𝒏 + 𝟑

𝒏 𝒏𝟐 + 𝟑𝒏 + 𝟑 𝒏 𝟑𝒏 + 𝟓 𝟐𝒏 𝒏𝟐 + 𝟑𝒏 + 𝟑 − 𝒏 𝟑𝒏 + 𝟓
𝑬𝒏 𝒆𝒇𝒇𝒆𝒕 𝑺𝟐 = − =
𝟑 𝟔 𝟔
𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝟏
= 𝟐𝒏𝟐 + 𝟔𝒏 + 𝟔 − 𝟑𝒏 − 𝟓 = 𝟐𝒏𝟐 + 𝟑𝒏 + 𝟏 = 𝟐 𝒏+𝟏 𝒏+
𝟔 𝟔 𝟔 𝟐

𝒏
𝒏 𝒏 + 𝟏 𝟐𝒏 + 𝟏
𝑫′ 𝒐ù 𝒍𝒂 𝒗𝒂𝒍𝒆𝒖𝒓 𝒅𝒆 𝑺𝟐 ∶ 𝑺𝟐 = 𝒑𝟐 =
𝟔
𝒑=𝟏

Exercice 12 :( DS No11- DNS No6)


𝑺𝒐𝒊𝒕 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒓é𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒖𝒏 𝒏∈ℕ∗ 𝒅é𝒇𝒊𝒏𝒊𝒆 𝒑𝒂𝒓 𝒍𝒆 𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒆 𝒈é𝒏é𝒓𝒂𝒍 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒗𝒂𝒏𝒕 ∶

𝟏
𝒖𝒏 = , ∀ 𝒏 ∈ 𝟏, 𝟐, … , 𝒏
𝒏
1)
𝒏
𝒏+𝟏
𝑶𝒏 𝒅é𝒇𝒊𝒏𝒊𝒕 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒂𝒏 𝒏∈ℕ∗ 𝒑𝒂𝒓 ∶ 𝒂𝒏 = 𝒌𝒖𝒏 . 𝑷𝒓𝒐𝒖𝒗𝒆𝒓 𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝒂𝒏 =
𝟐
𝒌=𝟏
2)

ème
24 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
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𝒏

𝑺𝒐𝒊𝒕 𝒃𝒏 𝒕 = 𝒆𝒌𝒕 𝒖𝒏 𝒐ù 𝒕 𝒆𝒔𝒕 𝒖𝒏 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒂𝒎è𝒕𝒓𝒆 𝒓é𝒆𝒍 .


𝒌=𝟏

𝒆𝒕 𝒆𝒏𝒕 − 𝟏
𝑴𝒐𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒓 𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝒃𝒏 𝒕 = 𝒕
𝒆 −𝟏 𝒏

Corrigé
1)
𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝒏 𝒏+𝟏 ′
𝒏+𝟏
𝒂𝒏 = 𝒌𝒖𝒏 = 𝒌 = 𝒌= 𝒅 𝒐ù 𝒂𝒏 = 𝒌𝒖𝒏 =
𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝟐 𝟐
𝒌=𝟏 𝒌=𝟏 𝒌=𝟏 𝒌=𝟏

2)
𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝒆𝒌𝒕 𝟏
𝒃𝒏 𝒕 = 𝒆𝒌𝒕 𝒖𝒏 = = 𝒆𝒌𝒕
𝒏 𝒏
𝒌=𝟏 𝒌=𝟏 𝒌=𝟏

𝑶𝒓 𝒆𝒌𝒕 𝒆𝒔𝒕 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒐𝒎𝒎𝒆 𝒅′ 𝒖𝒏𝒆𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒈é𝒐𝒎é𝒕𝒓𝒊𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝟏𝒆𝒓 𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒆 𝒆𝒕 𝒆𝒕 𝒅𝒆 𝒓𝒂𝒊𝒔𝒐𝒏 𝒆𝒕


𝒌=𝟏

𝟏 𝒕 𝟏 − 𝒆𝒕 𝒏 ′
𝒆𝒕 𝒆𝒏𝒕 − 𝟏
𝑷𝒂𝒓 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒃𝒏 𝒕 = 𝒆 𝒅 𝒐ù 𝒃 𝒏 𝒕 =
𝒏 𝟏 − 𝒆𝒕 𝒆𝒕 − 𝟏 𝒏

Exercice 13 :( DS No8- DNS No6) 𝟓𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔 ∶


𝒏 𝒏

𝑪𝒂𝒍𝒄𝒖𝒍𝒆𝒓 𝐥𝐧 𝒊𝒌
𝒌=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏

𝑶𝒏 𝒓𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒆 𝒒𝒖𝒆 ∶ 𝐥𝐧 𝒊 = 𝐥𝐧 𝒏!
𝒊=𝟏

Corrigé
𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏

𝐥𝐧 𝒊𝒌 = 𝒌 𝐥𝐧 𝒊 = 𝒌 𝐥𝐧 𝒊 = 𝒌 𝐥𝐧 𝒊 = 𝒌 𝐥𝐧 𝒏!
𝒌=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒌=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒌=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒌=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏 𝒌=𝟏

𝒏
𝒏 𝒏+𝟏
= 𝐥𝐧 𝒏! 𝒌 = 𝐥𝐧 𝒏!
𝟐
𝒌=𝟏

ème
25 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
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𝒏 𝒏

𝒏 𝒏 + 𝟏 𝐥𝐧 𝒏!
𝑫 𝒐ù 𝐥𝐧 𝒊𝒌 =
𝟐
𝒌=𝟏 𝒊=𝟏

Exercice 14 :( DS No7- DNS No13) 𝟏𝟎𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔 ∶


𝒏 𝒏

𝑪𝒂𝒍𝒄𝒖𝒍𝒆𝒓 𝟐 𝟐𝒊−𝒋
𝒊=𝟎 𝒋=𝟎

Corrigé
𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒋
𝟐𝒊−𝒋 𝟐𝒊 −𝒋 𝟐𝒊 𝒋 𝟐 𝒊
𝟏
𝟐 = 𝟐 𝟐 = 𝝀𝒊 𝝁𝒋 = 𝟐 𝟐 = 𝟐
𝟐
𝒊=𝟎 𝒋=𝟎 𝒊=𝟎 𝒋=𝟎 𝒊=𝟎 𝒋=𝟎 𝒊=𝟎 𝒋=𝟎 𝒊=𝟎 𝒋=𝟎

𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒋
𝟐𝒊−𝒋 𝒊
𝟏
𝟐 = 𝟒
𝟐
𝒊=𝟎 𝒋=𝟎 𝒊=𝟎 𝒋=𝟎

𝟒𝒊 𝒆𝒔𝒕 𝒖𝒏𝒆 𝒔𝒐𝒎𝒎𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒔 𝒏 + 𝟏 𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒎𝒊𝒆𝒓𝒔 𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒆𝒔 𝒅’𝒖𝒏𝒆 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒈é𝒐𝒎é𝒕𝒓𝒊𝒒𝒖𝒆 𝒅𝒆 𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒎𝒊𝒆𝒓
𝒊=𝟎

𝒏
𝟎 𝒊
𝟏 − 𝟒𝒏+𝟏
𝟎
𝟏
𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒆 𝟒 = 𝟏 𝒆𝒕 𝒅𝒆 𝒓𝒂𝒊𝒔𝒐𝒏 𝒒 = 𝟒 , 𝒄𝒆 𝒒𝒖𝒊 𝒅𝒐𝒏𝒏𝒆 ∶ 𝟒 =𝟒 × = − 𝟏 − 𝟒𝒏+𝟏
𝟏−𝟒 𝟑
𝒊=𝟎

𝒅𝒆 𝒎ê𝒎𝒆 𝟐𝒋 𝒆𝒔𝒕 𝒖𝒏𝒆 𝒔𝒐𝒎𝒎𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒔 𝒏 + 𝟏 𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒎𝒊𝒆𝒓𝒔 𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒆𝒔 𝒅’𝒖𝒏𝒆 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒈é𝒐𝒎é𝒕𝒓𝒊𝒒𝒖𝒆
𝒋=𝟎

𝒅𝒆 𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒎𝒊𝒆𝒓 𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒆 𝟐𝟎 = 𝟏 𝒆𝒕 𝒅𝒆 𝒓𝒂𝒊𝒔𝒐𝒏 𝒒 = 𝟐 , 𝒄𝒆 𝒒𝒖𝒊 𝒅𝒐𝒏𝒏𝒆 ∶

𝒏 𝟏 𝒏+𝟏
𝟏 𝒋
𝟏 𝟎 𝟏− 𝟐 𝟏 𝒏+𝟏
= × =𝟐 𝟏−
𝟐 𝟐 𝟏 𝟐
𝒋=𝟎 𝟏− 𝟐

𝒏 𝒏 𝒏+𝟏
𝟐𝒊−𝒋
𝟏 𝟏 𝟐
𝑷𝒂𝒓 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝟐 = − 𝟏 − 𝟒𝒏+𝟏 𝟐 𝟏− =− 𝟏 − 𝟒𝒏+𝟏 𝟏 − 𝟐− 𝒏+𝟏
𝟑 𝟐 𝟑
𝒊=𝟎 𝒋=𝟎

𝒏 𝒏
𝟐 𝟒𝒏+𝟏 𝟐
𝟐 𝟐𝒊−𝒋 = − 𝟏 − 𝟐− 𝒏+𝟏 − 𝟒𝒏+𝟏 + 𝒏+𝟏 = − 𝟏 − 𝟐− 𝒏+𝟏 − 𝟐 𝟐 𝒏+𝟏
+ 𝟐𝒏+𝟏
𝟑 𝟐 𝟑
𝒊=𝟎 𝒋=𝟎

ème
26 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
omega.center.cp@gmail.com https://web.facebook.com/OMEGACENTER2014
𝒏 𝒏
𝟐
𝟐 𝟐𝒊−𝒋 = − 𝟏 − 𝟐− 𝒏+𝟏 − 𝟐 𝟐 𝒏+𝟏
+ 𝟐𝒏+𝟏
𝟑
𝒊=𝟎 𝒋=𝟎

Exercice 15 :( DS No13- DNS No8) 𝟏𝟎𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔 ∶ 𝟑 + 𝟕

1) 𝟑𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔
𝟏𝟎
𝒌𝟐 − 𝒌 − 𝟐
𝑪𝒂𝒍𝒄𝒖𝒍𝒆𝒓 , 𝒆𝒏 𝒖𝒕𝒊𝒍𝒊𝒔𝒂𝒏𝒕 𝒍𝒆 𝒄𝒉𝒂𝒏𝒈𝒆𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝒅𝒆 𝒗𝒂𝒓𝒊𝒂𝒃𝒍𝒆 ∶ 𝒋 = 𝒌 − 𝟐
𝒌−𝟐
𝒌=𝟑

2) 𝑪𝒂𝒍𝒄𝒖𝒍𝒆𝒓 𝒍𝒆𝒔 𝒔𝒐𝒎𝒎𝒆𝒔 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒗𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒔 ∶


𝒏−𝟏
𝟐𝒌−𝟏
∎ 𝟐𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔
𝟓𝒌+𝟏
𝒌=𝟓

𝒏
𝟏
∎ 𝐥𝐧 𝟏 + 𝟐, 𝟓𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔
𝒌
𝒌=𝟏

𝒏
𝟏 𝟏
∎ − 𝟐, 𝟓𝒑𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒔
𝒌 𝒏+𝟏−𝒌
𝒌=𝟏

Corrigé

1)

𝒋=𝒌−𝟐⇔𝒌=𝒋+𝟐

𝒌𝟐 − 𝒌 − 𝟐 𝒋 + 𝟐 𝟐 − 𝒋 + 𝟐 − 𝟐 𝒋𝟐 + 𝟒𝒋 + 𝟒 − 𝒋 − 𝟐 − 𝟐 𝒋𝟐 + 𝟑𝒋 𝒋 𝒋 + 𝟑
𝑨𝒊𝒏𝒔𝒊 ∶ = = = =
𝒌−𝟐 𝒋+𝟐 −𝟐 𝒋 𝒋 𝒋

𝒐𝒓 𝟑 ≤ 𝒌 ≤ 𝟏𝟎 ⇔ 𝟑 − 𝟐 ≤ 𝒌 − 𝟐 ≤ 𝟏𝟎 − 𝟐 𝒆𝒕 𝟏 ≤ 𝒋 ≤ 𝟖

𝒌𝟐 − 𝒌 − 𝟐
𝒑𝒂𝒓 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝒋 ≠ 𝟎 𝒆𝒕 =𝒋+𝟑
𝒌−𝟐
𝒔𝒊 𝒌 = 𝟑 , 𝒂𝒍𝒐𝒓𝒔 𝒋 = 𝟏
𝑫′ 𝒂𝒖𝒕𝒓𝒆 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕
𝒔𝒊 𝒌 = 𝟏𝟎 , 𝒂𝒍𝒐𝒓𝒔 𝒋 = 𝟖
𝟏𝟎 𝟖 𝟖 𝟖
𝒌𝟐 − 𝒌 − 𝟐
𝑬𝒕 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒎𝒆 𝒐𝒏 𝒂 𝒋 = 𝒌 − 𝟐 = 𝒇 𝒌 ↗ , 𝒅𝒐𝒏𝒄 = 𝒋+𝟑 = 𝒋+ 𝟑
𝒌−𝟐
𝒌=𝟑 𝒋=𝟏 𝒋=𝟏 𝒋=𝟏

ème
27 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
omega.center.cp@gmail.com https://web.facebook.com/OMEGACENTER2014
𝒏 𝒏 𝟖
𝒏 𝒏+𝟏 𝟖×𝟗
𝒐𝒏 𝒂 ∶ 𝒋= 𝒋= , 𝒅𝒐𝒏𝒄 𝒋= = 𝟑𝟔
𝟐 𝟐
𝒋=𝟏 𝒋=𝟎 𝒋=𝟏

𝒆𝒕 𝟑 = 𝟖 × 𝟑 = 𝟐𝟒
𝒋=𝟏

𝟏𝟎
′ 𝒌𝟐 − 𝒌 − 𝟐
𝑫 𝒐ù = 𝟔𝟎
𝒌−𝟐
𝒌=𝟑

2)
𝒏−𝟏−𝟓+𝟏
𝒏−𝟏 𝒏−𝟏 𝒏−𝟏 𝒏−𝟏 𝟐
𝟐𝒌−𝟏 𝟐𝒌 × 𝟐−𝟏 𝟏 𝟐 𝒌
𝟏 𝟐 𝒌
𝟏 𝟐 𝟓 𝟏−
∎ = = = = 𝟓
𝟓𝒌+𝟏 𝟓𝒌 × 𝟓𝟏 𝟏𝟎 𝟓 𝟏𝟎 𝟓 𝟏𝟎 𝟓 𝟐
𝒌=𝟓 𝒌=𝟓 𝒌=𝟓 𝒌=𝟓 𝟏−
𝟓
𝒏−𝟓
𝒏−𝟏 𝟐
𝟐 𝒌−𝟏
𝟏 𝟑𝟐 𝟏− 𝟏 𝟑𝟐 𝟓 𝟐 𝒏−𝟓
= × × 𝟓 = × × 𝟏−
𝟓𝒌+𝟏 𝟏𝟎 𝟑𝟏𝟐𝟓 𝟑 𝟏𝟎 𝟑𝟏𝟐𝟓 𝟑 𝟓
𝒌=𝟓
𝟓

𝒏−𝟏 𝒏−𝟓

𝟐𝒌−𝟏 𝟏𝟔 𝟐
𝑫 𝒐ù 𝒌+𝟏
= × 𝟏−
𝟓 𝟗𝟑𝟕𝟓 𝟓
𝒌=𝟓

𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝒌+𝟏
∎ 𝐥𝐧 𝟏 + = 𝐥𝐧 = 𝐥𝐧 𝒌 + 𝟏 − 𝐥𝐧 𝒌
𝒌 𝒌
𝒌=𝟏 𝒌=𝟏 𝒌=𝟏

𝐥𝐧 𝒌 + 𝟏 = 𝒖𝒌+𝟏
𝑵𝒐𝒕𝒐𝒏𝒔 𝒖𝒏 = 𝐥𝐧 𝒏 , 𝒅𝒐𝒏𝒄
𝐥𝐧 𝒌 = 𝒖𝒌
𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟏
𝑷𝒂𝒓 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 𝐥𝐧 𝟏 + = 𝐥𝐧 𝒌 + 𝟏 − 𝐥𝐧 𝒌 = 𝒖𝒌+𝟏 − 𝒖𝒌
𝒌
𝒌=𝟏 𝒌=𝟏 𝒌=𝟏

𝒏
𝟏
𝐥𝐧 𝟏 + = 𝒖𝒏+𝟏 − 𝒖𝟏 = 𝐥𝐧 𝒏 + 𝟏 − 𝐥𝐧 𝟏
𝒌
𝒌=𝟏

𝒏
𝟏
𝒅′ 𝒐ù 𝐥𝐧 𝟏 + = 𝐥𝐧 𝒏 + 𝟏
𝒌
𝒌=𝟏

𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏
∎ − = −
𝒌 𝒏+𝟏−𝒌 𝒌 𝒏+𝟏−𝒌
𝒌=𝟏 𝒌=𝟏 𝒌=𝟏

ème
28 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba
BEN AHMED MOHSEN Téléphone: (+216) 97 619191 / 54 619191
omega.center.cp@gmail.com https://web.facebook.com/OMEGACENTER2014
𝒏
𝟏
𝑪𝒂𝒍𝒄𝒖𝒍𝒐𝒏𝒔
𝒏+𝟏−𝒌
𝒌=𝟏

𝑬𝒇𝒇𝒆𝒄𝒕𝒖𝒐𝒏𝒔 𝒍𝒂 𝒓é– 𝒊𝒏𝒅𝒆𝒙𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒗𝒂𝒏𝒕𝒆 ∶ 𝒕 = 𝒏 + 𝟏 − 𝒌 = 𝒇 𝒌 ↘

𝒔𝒊 𝒌 = 𝟏 , 𝒂𝒍𝒐𝒓𝒔 𝒕 = 𝒏
𝒅𝒐𝒏𝒄
𝒔𝒊 𝒌 = 𝒏 , 𝒂𝒍𝒐𝒓𝒔 𝒕 = 𝟏
𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝟏 𝟏
𝑨𝒊𝒏𝒔𝒊 = =
𝒏+𝟏−𝒌 𝒕 𝒌
𝒌=𝟏 𝒕=𝟏 𝒌=𝟏

𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏 𝒏
𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏 𝟏
𝑷𝒂𝒓 𝒍𝒂 𝒔𝒖𝒊𝒕𝒆 − = − , 𝒐𝒓 = ,
𝒌 𝒏+𝟏−𝒌 𝒌 𝒕 𝒕 𝒌
𝒌=𝟏 𝒌=𝟏 𝒕=𝟏 𝒕=𝟏 𝒌=𝟏

𝒏
𝟏 𝟏
𝒅′ 𝒐ù − =𝟎
𝒌 𝒏+𝟏−𝒌
𝒌=𝟏

ème
29 XXXVII PROMOTION 2017/Annexe ❶
Adresse : 2, Rue Ibn Arafa, av de l'environnement Manouba Centre, Manouba