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Lcp 166 166000

SBV 6122
Ig 2.404
∆H( Hmoy-Hmin 283
I Bv 6.4

La formule de GIANDOTTI 24 24

La formule de SOKOLOVSKY 63 63

La formule de KIRPICH 24 24

La formule PASSINI: in MUSY, 1998 2459 41

La formule de VENTURRA 2360 43

La formule de L’ANRH : (SOGREAH 1986/1989) 15


20

Tc Moy 35
V 4.74

Les Formules Temps de concentration (heurs)


La formule de GIANDOTTI 24
La formule de SOKOLOVSKY 63
La formule de KIRPICH 24
La formule PASSINI: in MUSY, 199 41
La formule de VENTURRA 39
La formule de L’ANRH :
(SOGREAH 1986/1989) 20
Temps de concentration moyenne(h) 35
Vitesse de ruissellement (Km/h) 4.720
période de
2 5 10 50
retour T=
probabilité de
non
0.500 0.800 0.900 0.980
dépassement
de Qp=

variable
réduite de 0.367 1.500 2.250 3.902
Gumbel=
Qp pour
période de 27.729 50.872 66.195 99.919
retour T =

80.9 précipitation de courte durée Pt


208.3
2 5 10
t (h) 0.5 0.8 0.9
0.5 10.135 18.593 24.194
1 12.136 22.265 28.972
2 14.533 26.662 34.693
3 16.148 29.626 38.550
Station 4 17.402 31.927 41.544
6 19.337 35.477 46.163
12 23.156 42.483 55.279
18 25.730 47.206 61.425
24 27.729 50.872 66.195
35 30.587 56.115 73.018
Formule de Mallet Gauthier

Formule de TURRAZA

Formule de POSSENTI

Formule de SOKOLOVSKI

Formule d’ALEXEEV

Formule de SAMIE
Formule de GIANDOTTI

Qmax,p% (m3/s)
Fréquences Periode de retour Mallet Gauthier TURRAZA
50% 2 14.649 33.154
10% 10 69.469 79.131
5% 20 86.550 96.694
Oued
2% 50 106.326 119.455
Bechar
1% 100 119.780 136.487
0.10% 1000 158.385 192.819
0.01% 10000 190.930 249.038

Qmax par des lois de Gilbert-Galton-Gauss

ϒ100 0.120
Q100 392.666
ϒ1000 0.468
Q1000 1534.294

Méthode rationnelle

S 6122
Cr 0.049
Fréquences Periode de retour T I(Tc,T) Q(T)
50% 2 0.874 72.886
10% 10 2.086 173.960
5% 20 2.549 212.571
Oued
2% 50 3.149 262.607
Bechar
1% 100 3.598 300.051
0.10% 1000 5.083 423.891
0.01% 10000 6.565 547.481

Formule de Burkli-Ziegler

IBv 6,4 m/km 6.4


S 6122 Km2 612200
Cr 0.049 0.049

Fréquences Periode de retour T I(Tc,T) I(Tc,T) en Lin


50% 2 0.874 0.034
10% 10 2.086 0.082
5% 20 2.549 0.100
Oued
2% 50 3.149 0.124
Bechar
1% 100 3.598 0.142
0.10% 1000 5.083 0.200
0.01% 10000 6.565 0.258
100 1000 [ans] Sbv

0.990 0.999 [-] Lcp

4.600 6.907 [-] Cr

114.175 161.284 [m3/s] Tc

50 100 1000 10000 20.000


0.98 0.99 0.999 0.9999 0.950
36.519 41.730 58.948 76.136 29.566
43.731 49.971 70.589 91.171 35.404
52.367 59.839 84.529 109.175 42.396
58.189 66.492 93.927 121.313 47.110
62.709 71.656 101.222 130.735 50.768
69.680 79.623 112.475 145.270 56.413 Station
83.441 95.347 134.687 173.957 67.553
92.718 105.947 149.661 193.298 75.063
99.919 114.175 161.284 208.310 80.893
110.217 125.943 177.908 229.780 89.231
Qmax,p% (m3/s)
POSSENTI SOKOLOVSKI ALEXEEV SAMIE GIANDOTTI
3491.551 40.100 32.155 715.552 6.657
8335.203 95.727 102.292 1708.202 15.892
10185.980 116.982 133.556 2087.669 19.421
12581.622 144.495 176.876 2578.456 23.988
14376.819 165.112 211.208 2946.360 27.411
20308.709 233.238 334.379 4162.032 38.720
26230.134 301.243 469.920 5375.297 50.010

S 6122
k 1
A 20
P 0.10025
Longuer de
330
bassin Lbv
Q(T)
58.693
140.085
171.178
211.471
241.623
341.348
440.872
racin(Hmax-
2787 K 3 Hmin)
Hmax-Hmin 1458

166 A 30
f= 1.2

0.049 p 0.10025

35 μ 750

L’intensité des pluies I I= Pt/t

2 5 10 50 100 1000 10000


t (h) 0.5 0.8 0.9 0.98 0.99 0.999 0.9999
0.5 20.269 37.187 48.388 73.039 83.460 117.896 152.271
1 12.136 22.265 28.972 43.731 49.971 70.589 91.171
2 7.266 13.331 17.346 26.184 29.920 42.264 54.588
3 5.383 9.875 12.850 19.396 22.164 31.309 40.438
4 4.351 7.982 10.386 15.677 17.914 25.305 32.684
6 3.223 5.913 7.694 11.613 13.270 18.746 24.212
12 1.930 3.540 4.607 6.953 7.946 11.224 14.496
18 1.429 2.623 3.412 5.151 5.886 8.314 10.739
24 1.155 2.120 2.758 4.163 4.757 6.720 8.680
35 0.874 1.603 2.086 3.149 3.598 5.083 6.565

P Jmax

période de
2 5 10 20 50
retour T=
probabilité
de non
0.500 0.800 0.900 0.95 0.980
dépassement
de Qp=
variable
réduite de 0.367 1.500 2.250 2.970 3.902
Gumbel=
Qp pour
période de 27.729 50.872 66.195 80.893 99.919
retour T =
Pjmax% 0.2773 0.50872116 0.66195126 0.80893326 0.99918638
Pjmax%
0.30587 0.56115 0.73018 0.89231 1.10217
(tc=tm)
30.587 56.115 73.018 89.231 110.217
38.1837662

Itc
20
0.95 2 0.874
59.1316457 10 2.086
35.4044433 20 2.549
21.1980334 50 3.149
15.7031956 100 3.598
12.6920968 1000 5.083
9.40212117 10000 6.565
5.62941994
4.17019262
3.37055525
2.54945539

100 1000 10000 [ans]

0.99 0.999 0.9999 [-]

4.60014923 6.907 9.210 [-]

114.175432 161.284 208.310 [m3/s]

1.14175432 1.61284333 2.08310117

1.25943 1.77908 2.2978

125.943 177.908 229.78


précipitation de courte durée Pt

2 5 10 50
t (h) 0.5 0.8 0.9 0.98
0.5 10.135 18.593 24.194 36.519
1 12.136 22.265 28.972 43.731
2 14.533 26.662 34.693 52.367
3 16.148 29.626 38.550 58.189
Station 4 17.402 31.927 41.544 62.709
6 19.337 35.477 46.163 69.680
12 23.156 42.483 55.279 83.441
18 25.730 47.206 61.425 92.718
24 27.729 50.872 66.195 99.919
35 30.587 56.115 73.018 110.217

L’intensité des pluies I I= Pt/t

2 5 10 50
t (h) 0.5 0.8 0.9 0.98
0.5 20.269 37.187 48.388 73.039
1 12.136 22.265 28.972 43.731
2 7.266 13.331 17.346 26.184
3 5.383 9.875 12.850 19.396
Station 4 4.351 7.982 10.386 15.677
6 3.223 5.913 7.694 11.613
12 1.930 3.540 4.607 6.953
18 1.429 2.623 3.412 5.151
24 1.155 2.120 2.758 4.163
35 0.874 1.603 2.086 3.149

P Jmax

période de
2 5 10 20 50
retour T=
probabilité
de non 0.500 0.800 0.900 0.95 0.980
dépassement
de Qp=

variable
réduite de 0.367 1.500 2.250 2.970 3.902
Gumbel=
Qp pour
période de 27.729 50.872 66.195 80.893 99.919
retour T =
Pjmax% 0.2773 0.50872116 0.66195126 0.80893326 0.99918638
Pjmax%
0.30587 0.56115 0.73018 0.89231 1.10217
(tc=tm)
30.587 56.115 73.018 89.231 110.217

Qmax,p% (m3/s)

Periode de Mallet
Fréquences TURRAZA POSSENTI
retour Gauthier

50% 2 20.188 72.828 7669.635


10% 10 140.607 173.821 18309.333
5% 20 178.126 212.401 22374.802
Oued
2% 50 221.567 262.397 27637.134
Bechar
1% 100 251.121 299.811 31580.512
0.10% 1000 335.921 423.552 44610.664
0.01% 10000 407.411 547.043 57617.826

Méthode rationnelle

Fréquences
Periode de retour TI(Tc,T) Q(T)
50% 2 0.874 72.886
10% 10 2.086 173.960
5% 20 2.549 212.571
Oued
2% 50 3.149 262.607
Bechar
1% 100 3.598 300.051
0.10% 1000 5.083 423.891
0.01% 10000 6.565 547.481

Formule de Burkli-Ziegler

Periode de I(Tc,T) en
Fréquences I(Tc,T) Q(T)
retour T Lin
0.500 2.000 0.874 0.034 58.693
0.100 10.000 2.086 0.082 140.085
0.050 20.000 2.549 0.100 171.178
Oued
0.020 50.000 3.149 0.124 211.471
Bechar
0.010 100.000 3.598 0.142 241.623
0.001 1000.000 5.083 0.200 341.348
0.000 10000.000 6.565 0.258 440.872
100 1000 10000 20.000
0.99 0.999 0.9999 0.950
41.730 58.948 76.136 29.566
49.971 70.589 91.171 35.404
59.839 84.529 109.175 42.396
66.492 93.927 121.313 47.110
71.656 101.222 130.735 50.768
79.623 112.475 145.270 56.413
95.347 134.687 173.957 67.553
105.947 149.661 193.298 75.063
114.175 161.284 208.310 80.893
125.943 177.908 229.780 89.231

100 1000 10000 20


0.99 0.999 0.9999 0.95
83.460 117.896 152.271 59.131645705
49.971 70.589 91.171 35.40444325
29.920 42.264 54.588 21.19803342
22.164 31.309 40.438 15.703195618
17.914 25.305 32.684 12.6920968
13.270 18.746 24.212 9.4021211735
7.946 11.224 14.496 5.6294199418
5.886 8.314 10.739 4.1701926216
4.757 6.720 8.680 3.3705552498
3.598 5.083 6.565 2.5494553862

100 1000 10000 [ans] Sbv 6122

0.99 0.999 0.9999 [-] Lcp 166

4.60014922677658 6.907 9.210 [-] Cr 0.049

114.175431766635 161.284 208.310 [m3/s] Tc 35


1.14175431766635 1.61284333 2.08310117
1.25943 1.77908 2.2978

125.943 177.908 229.78

Qmax,p% (m3/s)
Formule de
Méthode
SOKOLOVSKI ALEXEEV SAMIE GIANDOTTI
rationnelle
Burkli- Moyenne
Ziegler
88.084 32.155 1571.802 6.222 72.886 58.693 1065.833
210.276 102.292 3752.283 14.853 173.960 140.085 2557.501
256.966 133.556 4585.831 18.151 212.571 171.178 3127.065
317.402 176.876 5663.906 22.421 262.607 211.471 3863.976
362.689 211.208 6472.055 25.620 300.051 241.623 4416.077
512.337 334.379 9142.432 36.190 423.891 341.348 6240.079
661.718 469.920 11807.524 46.742 547.481 440.872 8060.726
K 3
Hmax-Hmin 1458

A 30

p 100

μ 750
Qmax,p% (m3/s)

Periode de Mallet SOKOLO


Fréquences TURRAZA ALEXEEV
retour Gauthier VSKI

50% 2 20.188 72.828 88.084 32.155


10% 10 140.607 173.821 210.276 102.292
5% 20 178.126 212.401 256.966 133.556
Oued
2% 50 221.567 262.397 317.402 176.876
Bechar
1% 100 251.121 299.811 362.689 211.208
0.10% 1000 335.921 423.552 512.337 334.379
0.01% 10000 407.411 547.043 661.718 469.920
)
Formule de
GIANDOTT Méthode
Burkli- Moyenne
I rationnelle
Ziegler
6.222 72.886 58.693 50.151
14.853 173.960 140.085 136.556
18.151 212.571 171.178 168.993
22.421 262.607 211.471 210.677
25.620 300.051 241.623 241.732
36.190 423.891 341.348 343.946
46.742 547.481 440.872 445.884
1 Hydrogramme des crues par la méthode de Sokolovsky

Qmax (%): débit maximum de fréquence donnée


Qt: débit instantané au moment (t).
tm, td: temps de montée et de décrue.
m, n: puissances des paraboles pour les bassins de petites gabarits (m=3, n=2).
Temps de base: tb= tm+ td
On considère généralement que: td =2 tm, et tm= tc (pour des petits bassins).

volume de la crue

Avec :
W1 : apport pendant la crue (Hm3)
W2 : apport pendant la décrue
Wt : apport total (Hm3)

Tableau : Estimation du volume de crue de l’oued Bechar

10
Période de Retour 2 (50%) (10%) 20 (5%)
Qmax (m3/s) 88.084 210.276 256.966
V1=(Tm/(m+1)).Qmax(m3) 2774646 6623694 8094429
V2=(Td/(n+1)).Qmax(m3) 7399056 17663184 21585144
Vt=V1+V2 (m3) 10173702 24286878 29679573
Vt=V1+V2 (Hm3) 10.173702 24.286878 29.679573

Tableau 41: Hydrogrammes de crues fréquentielles de l'Oued Bechar

Qmax f% (m3/s)
Temps
(Heurs) T=2ans T=10ans T=20 ans T=50ans T=100 ans
(F=50%) (F=10%) (F=5%) (F=2%) (F=1%)
0 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
1 0.072 0.172 0.210 0.259 0.296
2 0.288 0.687 0.839 1.036 1.184
3 0.647 1.545 1.888 2.332 2.665
4 1.150 2.746 3.356 4.146 4.737
5 1.798 4.291 5.244 6.478 7.402
6 2.589 6.180 7.552 9.328 10.659
7 3.523 8.411 10.279 12.696 14.508
8 4.602 10.986 13.425 16.583 18.949
9 5.824 13.904 16.991 20.987 23.982
10 7.191 17.165 20.977 25.910 29.607
11 8.701 20.770 25.382 31.352 35.825
12 10.354 24.718 30.207 37.311 42.634
13 12.152 29.010 35.451 43.789 50.036
14 14.093 33.644 41.115 50.784 58.030
15 16.179 38.622 47.198 58.298 66.616
16 18.408 43.943 53.701 66.331 75.795
17 20.781 49.608 60.623 74.881 85.565
18 23.297 55.616 67.965 83.950 95.928
19 25.958 61.967 75.726 93.536 106.882
20 28.762 68.662 83.907 103.641 118.429
21 31.710 75.699 92.508 114.265 130.568
22 34.802 83.080 101.528 125.406 143.299
23 38.038 90.805 110.967 137.066 156.622
24 41.417 98.873 120.826 149.244 170.538
25 44.941 107.284 131.105 161.940 185.045
26 48.608 116.038 141.803 175.154 200.145
27 52.419 125.136 152.921 188.887 215.837
28 56.374 134.577 164.458 203.137 232.121
29 60.472 144.361 176.415 217.906 248.997
30 64.715 154.488 188.791 233.193 266.465
31 69.101 164.959 201.587 248.999 284.526
32 73.631 175.774 214.803 265.322 303.178
33 78.305 186.931 228.438 282.164 322.423
34 83.123 198.432 242.492 299.524 342.260
35 88.084 210.276 256.966 317.402 362.689
36 84.363 201.392 246.110 303.992 347.366
37 80.748 192.762 235.564 290.966 332.481
38 77.237 184.383 225.323 278.317 318.027
39 73.830 176.249 215.384 266.040 303.999
40 70.525 168.359 205.741 254.130 290.389
41 67.320 160.707 196.391 242.580 277.192
42 64.213 153.291 187.328 231.386 264.400
43 61.204 146.107 178.549 220.542 252.009
44 58.290 139.151 170.048 210.041 240.010
45 55.470 132.419 161.821 199.880 228.399
46 52.742 125.908 153.864 190.052 217.168
47 50.106 119.613 146.172 180.551 206.312
48 47.558 113.532 138.741 171.372 195.824
49 45.099 107.661 131.567 162.510 185.697
50 42.726 101.996 124.643 153.958 175.925
51 40.437 96.533 117.968 145.713 166.503
52 38.232 91.269 111.534 137.766 157.423
53 36.109 86.200 105.340 130.114 148.679
54 34.065 81.322 99.378 122.751 140.265
55 32.101 76.631 93.647 115.671 132.175
56 30.213 72.125 88.139 108.869 124.402
57 28.401 67.798 82.852 102.339 116.940
58 26.662 63.649 77.781 96.075 109.783
59 24.996 59.672 72.921 90.072 102.923
60 23.401 55.864 68.268 84.324 96.356
61 21.876 52.222 63.817 78.827 90.074
62 20.418 48.742 59.564 73.573 84.071
63 19.026 45.420 55.505 68.559 78.341
64 17.699 42.252 51.634 63.777 72.877
65 16.435 39.235 47.947 59.224 67.674
66 15.233 36.365 44.440 54.892 62.724
67 14.091 33.639 41.109 50.777 58.022
68 13.008 31.053 37.948 46.873 53.561
69 11.981 28.602 34.953 43.174 49.334
70 11.011 26.285 32.121 39.675 45.336
71 10.093 24.095 29.445 36.371 41.560
72 9.229 22.031 26.923 33.255 38.000
73 8.415 20.088 24.549 30.323 34.649
74 7.650 18.263 22.319 27.568 31.501
75 6.934 16.552 20.228 24.985 28.550
76 6.263 14.952 18.272 22.569 25.789
77 5.637 13.458 16.446 20.314 23.212
78 5.055 12.067 14.746 18.214 20.813
79 4.514 10.775 13.167 16.264 18.585
80 4.013 9.579 11.706 14.459 16.522
81 3.550 8.475 10.357 12.792 14.618
83 2.734 6.528 7.977 9.853 11.259
84 2.378 5.677 6.938 8.570 9.793
85 2.054 4.904 5.993 7.403 8.459
86 1.761 4.205 5.139 6.347 7.253
87 1.498 3.575 4.369 5.397 6.167
88 1.262 3.012 3.681 4.546 5.195
89 1.052 2.511 3.069 3.790 4.331
90 0.867 2.069 2.528 3.123 3.569
91 0.705 1.682 2.056 2.539 2.902
92 0.564 1.347 1.646 2.033 2.323
93 0.444 1.059 1.295 1.599 1.827
94 0.342 0.816 0.997 1.232 1.407
95 0.257 0.613 0.749 0.925 1.057
96 0.187 0.447 0.546 0.675 0.771
97 0.131 0.314 0.384 0.474 0.541
98 0.088 0.210 0.257 0.317 0.363
99 0.055 0.132 0.162 0.200 0.228
100 0.032 0.077 0.094 0.116 0.132
101 0.016 0.039 0.048 0.059 0.068
102 0.007 0.017 0.020 0.025 0.029
103 0.002 0.005 0.006 0.007 0.008
104 0.000 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001
105 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Tm=Tc 35 126000
Td=2Tm 70 252000
n 2 n+1 3
m 3 m+1 4

1000 1000
50 (2%) 100 (1%) (0,10%) (0,01%)
317.402 362.689 512.337 661.718
9998163 11424703.5 16138616 20844117
26661768 30465876 43036308 55584312
36659931 41890579.5 59174924 76428429
36.659931 41.8905795 59.174924 76.428429

ed Bechar
Débit (m3/s)

3/s)

T=1000ans T=1000
(F=0,10%) ans(F=0,01%) 700.000
0.000 0.000
0.418 0.540
1.673 2.161 600.000
3.764 4.862
6.692 8.643
10.456 13.504 500.000
15.056 19.446

400.000
500.000

20.493 26.469
26.767 34.571 400.000
33.877 43.754
41.823 54.018
50.606 65.362 300.000
60.226 77.786
70.682 91.290
81.974 105.875
200.000
94.103 121.540
107.068 138.286
120.870 156.111
100.000
135.508 175.018
150.983 195.004
167.294 216.071
184.441 238.218 0.000
202.425 261.446
221.246 285.754
240.903 311.143
261.396 337.611 Figure VI,: Hydrogramme de
282.726 365.160
304.893 393.790
327.896 423.500
351.735 454.290
376.411 486.160
401.923 519.111
428.272 553.142
455.457 588.254
483.479 624.446
512.337 661.718
490.692 633.762
469.665 606.604
449.248 580.234
429.431 554.639
410.206 529.808
391.563 505.730
373.494 482.392
355.989 459.784
339.040 437.893
322.638 416.709
306.773 396.219
291.438 376.411
276.622 357.276
262.317 338.800
248.513 320.972
235.203 303.781
222.377 287.215
210.025 271.262
198.140 255.911
186.712 241.151
175.732 226.969
165.191 213.355
155.080 200.296
145.390 187.781
136.113 175.799
127.239 164.338
118.759 153.385
110.665 142.931
102.947 132.963
95.596 123.469
88.604 114.439
81.962 105.859
75.660 97.720
69.690 90.009
64.042 82.715
58.708 75.826
53.679 69.330
48.945 63.216
44.499 57.473
40.330 52.089
36.430 47.051
32.790 42.350
29.400 37.973
26.253 33.908
23.339 30.144
20.649 26.669
15.905 20.542
13.833 17.866
11.950 15.434
10.245 13.232
8.711 11.251
7.339 9.478
6.118 7.902
5.041 6.511
4.099 5.294
3.282 4.238
2.581 3.334
1.988 2.568
1.494 1.929
1.089 1.406
0.765 0.988
0.512 0.662
0.323 0.417
0.187 0.241
0.096 0.123
0.040 0.052
0.012 0.015
0.001 0.002
0.000 0.000
T=2ans (F=50%)
T=10ans (F=10%)
T=20 ans (F=5%)
T=50ans (F=2%)
T=100 ans (F=1%)
T=1000ans
(F=0,10%)
T=1000
ans(F=0,01%)
T=1000ans
(F=0,10%)
T=1000
ans(F=0,01%)

Temps (heu

gure VI,: Hydrogramme de crue fréquentielle de Bassin versant de l'Oued Bechar


T=2ans (F=50%)
T=10ans (F=10%)
T=20 ans (F=5%)
T=50ans (F=2%)
T=100 ans (F=1%)
T=1000ans
(F=0,10%)
T=1000
ans(F=0,01%)
T=1000ans
(F=0,10%)
T=1000
ans(F=0,01%)

Temps (heurs)

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