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Design of Mat Foundation

Determination of eccentricity of the load


For locating centroid of resultant forces
Load Case : 1.5 (DL+IL)
Joint label Column Pu(KN) P(KN) X(m) Y(m) P*X
31 A3 3817.47 2544.980 0.000 7.000 0.000
32 A5 4015.45 2676.967 0.000 12.950 0.000
33 B1 4658.76 3105.840 4.055 0.000 12594.181
34 B3 6206.66 4137.773 4.055 7.000 16778.671
35 B5 3756.5 2504.333 4.055 12.950 10155.072
36 B7 2457.85 1638.567 4.055 17.950 6644.388
37 E1 6299.34 4199.560 10.780 0.000 45271.257
38 E3 6981.83 4654.553 10.780 7.000 50176.085
39 E5 4917.87 3278.580 10.780 12.950 35343.092
40 E7 3314.77 2209.847 10.780 17.950 23822.147
41 F1 5701.174 3800.783 17.505 0.000 66532.701
42 F3 6859.03 4572.687 17.505 7.000 80044.880
43 F5 3717.191 2478.127 17.505 12.950 43379.619
44 F6 2715.19 1810.127 17.505 15.450 31686.267
45 F7 2244.2 1496.133 17.505 17.950 26189.814
46 G1 5098.271 3398.847 23.505 0.000 79889.907
85 G2 2333.832 1555.888 23.505 3.475 36571.147
47 G3 5598.796 3732.531 23.505 7.000 87733.133
48 G5 4247.659 2831.773 23.505 12.950 66560.817
49 G6 2419.13 1612.753 23.505 15.450 37907.767
50 H1 3283.047 2188.698 30.505 0.000 66766.232
51 H3 3748.5 2499.000 30.505 7.000 76231.995
52 H5 2720.383 1813.589 30.505 12.950 55323.522
542 A6 2064.76 1376.507 0.000 15.450 0.000
544 A'6 1876.547 1251.031 2.230 15.450 2789.800
529 D7 795.864 530.576 9.205 17.950 4883.952
530 C7 657.712 438.475 5.605 17.950 2457.651
155 H2 1546.727 1031.151 30.505 3.475 31455.271
TOTAL 104054.513 69369.675 997189.368
14.375 8.254

Calculation of CG of area
Rectangle b(m) d(m) Area(m^2) X Y
B5-H5-H1-B1 26.45 12.95 342.528 17.28 6.475
A3-A5-B5-B3 4.055 5.95 24.127 2.0275 9.975
A6-G6-G5-A5 23.505 2.5 58.763 11.7525 14.2
B7-F7-F6-B6 13.45 2.5 33.625 10.78 16.7
Total 459.042
15.295 8.397

Eccenticity
Ex= 0.920 m
Ey= 0.143 m

Calculation of Moment of Inertia


Assuming the clear spacing of 0.5 m from the centre of the column
Rectangle b(m) d(m) Area(m^2) X Y
B5-H5-H1-B1 29.45 15.95 469.728 18.780 7.975
A3-A5-B5-B3 4.055 8.95 36.292 2.0275 11.475
A6-G6-G5-A5 26.505 2.5 66.263 13.2525 17.2
B7-F7-F6-B6 16.45 2.5 41.125 12.28 19.7
Total 613.407
16.75595417 9.964681508
Total area of mat=459.042
Mx=∑P*ey
Mx= 96117.845399 Knm Ix= 20047.70509
My=∑P*ex IY= 50239.19243
My= 24720.499343 KNm
P/A= 113.089 KN/m2
Stress Calculation
Ϭ =𝑃/𝐴±(𝑀𝑥 )/𝐼𝑥 𝑦±𝑀𝑦/𝐼𝑦 𝑥

Stress (Ϭ)
Column x(m) y(m) x"(m) y"(m) (KN/m^2)
A3 0.000 7.000 -14.731 -2.640 93.18325999
A5 0.000 12.950 -14.731 3.310 121.7102748
B1 4.055 0.000 -10.676 -9.640 61.61735342
B3 4.055 7.000 -10.676 -2.640 95.17854733
B5 4.055 12.950 -10.676 3.310 123.7055622
B7 4.055 17.950 -10.676 8.310 147.6778435
E1 10.780 0.000 -3.951 -9.640 64.92643046
E3 10.780 7.000 -3.951 -2.640 98.48762437
E5 10.780 12.950 -3.951 3.310 127.0146392
E7 10.780 17.950 -3.951 8.310 150.9869206
F1 17.505 0.000 2.774 -9.640 68.2355075
F3 17.505 7.000 2.774 -2.640 101.7967014
F5 17.505 12.950 2.774 3.310 130.3237162
F6 17.505 15.450 2.774 5.810 142.3098569
F7 17.505 17.950 2.774 8.310 154.2959976
G1 23.505 0.000 8.774 -9.640 71.18784389
G2 23.505 3.475 8.774 -6.165 87.84857944
G3 23.505 7.000 8.774 -2.640 104.7490378
G5 23.505 12.950 8.774 3.310 133.2760526
G6 23.505 15.450 8.774 5.810 145.2621933
H1 30.505 0.000 15.774 -9.640 74.63223635
H3 30.505 7.000 15.774 -2.640 108.1934303
H5 30.505 12.950 15.774 3.310 136.7204451
A6 0.000 15.450 -14.731 5.810 133.6964155
A'6 2.230 15.450 -12.501 5.810 134.7937005
D7 9.205 17.950 -5.526 8.310 150.2119322
C7 5.605 17.950 -9.126 8.310 148.4405304
H2 30.505 3.475 15.774 -6.165 91.29297189
Maximum 154.2959976
AS stress for all the columns are below the safe bearing capacity of the soil (i.e. 160 KN/m^2),
So that pressure due to service load (ƩP) will safely transfer to the soil below.

Considering 6 horizontal strip along 1,2,3,5,6 and 7 & 9 vertical strips along A,A',B,C,D,E,F,G,H axis as

Horizontal Strips Ʃpu(KN) L (m) B(m) ex(m) My= Ʃpu*ex

1―1 25040.592 29.450 3.238 -1.043 26120.0133


2―2 3880.559 29.450 3.500 9.015 34983.56878
3―3 33212.286 33.505 4.705 -1.208 40123.24589
5―5 23375.053 33.505 3.964 -1.728 40384.81312
6―6 9075.627 26.505 2.027 0.208 1883.639172
7―7 9470.396 16.450 2.750 -0.643 6093.94165

Vertical Strips Ʃpu(KN) L (m) B(m) eY(m) Mx= Ʃpu*Ey

A-A 9897.68 11.45 3.5275 -0.048 478.548


B-B 17079.77 20.95 4.275 -1.000 17079.233
E-E 21513.81 20.95 4.15 -0.977 21027.097
F-F 21236.785 20.95 6 -0.575 12216.236
G-G 19697.688 18.45 6.025 -0.634 12480.259
H-H 11298.657 15.95 5 -0.5589574 6315.468
P*Y Joint label Column
17814.860 31 A3
34666.718 0 32 A5
0.000 33 B1
28964.413 34 B3
32431.117 35 B5
29412.272 36 B7
0.000 37 E1
32581.873 38 E3
42457.611 39 E5
39666.748 40 E7
0.000 41 F1
32008.807 42 F3
32091.749 43 F5
27966.457 44 F6
26855.593 45 F7
0.000 46 G1
5406.711 85 G2
26127.715 47 G3
36671.456 48 G5
24917.039 49 G6
0.000 50 H1
17493.000 51 H3
23485.973 52 H5
21267.028 542 A6
19328.434 544 A'6
9523.839 529 D7
7870.620 530 C7
3583.251 155 H2
572593.284

A*X A*Y
5918.8752 2217.8655625
48.917999375 240.66931875
690.60628125 834.4275
362.4775 561.5375
7020.876980625 3854.49988125

Real eccentricity
Ex= 0.356
Ey= 1.386

A*X A*Y h1 h2
8821.48245 3746.0768125 2.024 1.989
73.582536875 416.45356875 14.728 1.51
878.14378125 1139.715 3.503 7.7235
505.015 810.1625 4.475 9.735
10278.223768125 6112.40788125
e. 160 KN/m^2),

A,A',B,C,D,E,F,G,H axis as

qumax =(Ʃpu/L*B)+ qumin =(Ʃpu/L*B)-


(6*My/(BL^2) (6*My/(BL^2)
318.447 206.819
106.795 -31.500
256.262 165.104
230.463 121.552
176.862 160.989
258.483 160.214
Maximum

qumax =(Ʃpu/L*B)+ qumin =(Ʃpu/L*B)-


(6*Mx/(BL^2) (6*Mx/(BL^2)
251.262 238.845
245.320 136.089
316.714 178.184
196.782 141.115
213.710 140.688
171.466 111.886
Maximum
Area(A) m2 X(m) Y(m) A*X A*Y
0.4225 0.000 7.000 0.000 2.958
0.4225 0.000 12.950 0.000 5.471
0.4225 4.055 0.000 1.713 0.000
0.4225 4.055 7.000 1.713 2.958
0.4225 4.055 12.950 1.713 5.471
0.4225 4.055 17.950 1.713 7.584
0.4225 10.780 0.000 4.555 0.000
0.4225 10.780 7.000 4.555 2.958
0.4225 10.780 12.950 4.555 5.471
0.4225 10.780 17.950 4.555 7.584
0.4225 17.505 0.000 7.396 0.000
0.4225 17.505 7.000 7.396 2.958
0.4225 17.505 12.950 7.396 5.471
0.4225 17.505 15.450 7.396 6.528
0.4225 17.505 17.950 7.396 7.584
0.4225 23.505 0.000 9.931 0.000
0.2025 23.505 3.475 4.760 0.704
0.4225 23.505 7.000 9.931 2.958
0.4225 23.505 12.950 9.931 5.471
0.4225 23.505 15.450 9.931 6.528
0.4225 30.505 0.000 12.888 0.000
0.4225 30.505 7.000 12.888 2.958
0.4225 30.505 12.950 12.888 5.471
0.2025 0.000 15.450 0.000 3.129
0.2025 2.230 15.450 0.452 3.129
0.2025 9.205 17.950 1.864 3.635
0.2025 5.605 17.950 1.135 3.635
0.2025 30.505 3.475 6.177 0.704
10.51 154.827 101.315
14.731 9.640
Ix=(bd^3/12)+Ah2^2 (m^4) Iy=(db^3/12)+Ah1^2(m^4)
11816.6196869233 35873.9273254358
325.008288860417 7922.02606699535
3987.23233596562 4692.30788753438
3918.84477395833 1750.93114583333
20047.7050857077 50239.1924257989
Average soil pressure (KN/m^2)

262.633 4.7375
37.648 4.475
210.683
176.008
168.925
209.348
262.633

Average soil pressure (KN/m^2)

245.053
190.705
247.449
168.948
177.199
141.676
247.449

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