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1 chronicles 16

The Ark Placed in the Tent children of Jacob, his chosen ones.

16 They brought in the ark of God, and

set it inside the tent that David had
He is the Lord our God;
pitched for it; and they offered burnt offer-
ings and offerings of well-being before God.
his judgments are in all the earth.
Remember his covenant forever,
Why We Praise
When David had finished offering the the word that he commanded, for a
burnt offerings and the offerings of well-be- thousand generations,
ing, he blessed the people in the name of the
Lord; and he distributed to every person
the covenant that he made with
Abraham, I think we delight to praise what we enjoy because the praise not
merely expresses but completes the enjoyment; it is its appointed
consummation. It is not out of compliment that lovers keep on telling one
in Israel—man and woman alike—to each a his sworn promise to Isaac,
loaf of bread, a portion of meat, a and a cake
which he confirmed to Jacob as a statute, another how beautiful they are; the delight is incomplete till it is expressed.
of raisins. to Israel as an everlasting covenant, It is frustrating to have discovered a new author and not to be able to
4 He appointed certain of the Levites as
saying, “To you I will give the land of tell anyone how good he is; to come suddenly, at the turn of the road,
ministers before the ark of the Lord, to in- Canaan upon some mountain valley of unexpected grandeur and then to have to
voke, to thank, and to praise the Lord, the as your portion for an inheritance.” keep silent because the people with you care for it no more than for a tin
God of Israel. Asaph was the chief, and sec- can in the ditch; to hear a good joke and find no one to share it with (the
ond to him Zechariah, Jeiel, Shemiramoth,
When they were few in number, perfect hearer died a year ago). This is so even when our expressions are
Jehiel, Mattithiah, Eliab, Benaiah, Obed- of little account, and strangers in the inadequate, as of course they usually are. But how if one could really and
edom, and Jeiel, with harps and lyres; Asaph land, a fully praise even such things to perfection—utterly “get out” in poetry or
was to sound the cymbals, and the priests
wandering from nation to nation, music or paint the upsurge of appreciation which almost bursts you? Then
Benaiah and Jahaziel were to blow trumpets from one kingdom to another people, indeed the object would be fully appreciated and our delight would have
regularly, before the ark of the covenant of he allowed no one to oppress them; attained perfect development. The worthier the object, the more intense
God. he rebuked kings on their account, this delight would be. If it were possible for a created soul fully (I mean, up
saying, “Do not touch my anointed ones; to the full measure conceivable in a finite being) to “appreciate,” that is to
David’s Psalm of Thanksgiving do my prophets no harm.” love and delight in, the worthiest object of all, and simultaneously at every
7 Then on that day David first appointed moment to give this delight perfect expression, then that soul would be in
the singing of praises to the Lord by Asaph Sing to the Lord, all the earth. supreme beatitude. It is along these lines that I find it easiest to understand
and his kindred. Tell of his salvation from day to day. the Christian doctrine that “Heaven” is a state in which angels now, and
Declare his glory among the nations, men hereafter, are perpetually employed in praising God. This does not
O give thanks to the Lord, call on his his marvelous works among all the mean, as it can so dismally suggest, that it is like “being in Church.” For
name, peoples. our “services” both in their conduct and in our power to participate, are
make known his deeds among the For great is the Lord, and greatly to be merely attempts at worship; never fully successful, off 99.9 per cent failures,
peoples. praised; sometime total failures. We are not riders but pupils in the riding school; for
Sing to him, sing praises to him, he is to be revered above all gods. most of us the falls and bruises, the aching muscles and the severity of the
tell of all his wonderful works. For all the gods of the peoples are idols, exercise, far outweigh those few moments in which we were, to our own
Glory in his holy name; but the Lord made the heavens. astonishment, actually galloping without terror and without disaster. To see
let the hearts of those who seek the Honor and majesty are before him; what the doctrine really means, we must suppose ourselves to be in perfect
Lord rejoice. strength and joy are in his place. love with God—drunk with, drowned in, dissolved by, that delight which,
Seek the Lord and his strength, far from remaining pent up within ourselves as incommunicable; hence
seek his presence continually. Ascribe to the Lord, O families of the hardly tolerable, bliss, flows out from us incessantly again in effortless and
peoples, perfect expression, our joy no more separable from the praise in which it
Remember the wonderful works he has ascribe to the Lord glory and strength. liberates and utters itself than the brightness a mirror receives is separable
done, Ascribe to the Lord the glory due his from the brightness it sheds. [463]
his miracles, and the judgments he name; — from Reflections on the Psalms
uttered, bring an offering, and come before him.
O offspring of his servant Israel, b Worship the Lord in holy splendor; For reflection E 1 Chronicles 16:23-24

a Orit b Other ancient authorities lack nor the Son c Other ancient authorities read at what hour
d Gk to give them e Or cut him off f Gk virgins g Other ancient authorities add and the bride
h Other ancient authorities add in which the Son of Man is coming

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Mar k 2.1 Mark 2.22

Jesus Heals a Paralytic these questions among themselves; and he booth, and he said to him, “Follow me.” And to him, “Why do John’s disciples and the

2 When he returned to Capernaum after

some days, it was reported that he was at
home. 2 So many gathered around that there
said to them, “Why do you raise such ques-
tions in your hearts? 9 Which is easier, to
say to the paralytic, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’
he got up and followed him.
15 And as he sat at dinner b in Levi’s c
house, many tax collectors and sinners were
disciples of the Pharisees fast, but your
disciples do not fast?” 19 Jesus said to them,
“The wedding guests cannot fast while the
was no longer room for them, not even in or to say, ‘Stand up and take your mat and also sitting d with Jesus and his disciples—for bridegroom is with them, can they? As long
front of the door; and he was speaking the walk’? 10 But so that you may know that the there were many who followed him. 16 When as they have the bridegroom with them, they
word to them. 3 Then some people g came, Son of Man has authority on earth to for- the scribes of e the Pharisees saw that he was cannot fast. 20 The days will come when the
bringing to him a paralyzed man, carried give sins”—he said to the paralytic— 11 “I eating with sinners and tax collectors, they bridegroom is taken away from them, and
by four of them. 4 And when they could not say to you, stand up, take your mat and go said to his disciples, “Why does he eat f with then they will fast on that day.
bring him to Jesus because of the crowd, to your home.” 12 And he stood up, and im- tax collectors and sinners?” 17 When Jesus 21 “No one sews a piece of unshrunk
they removed the roof above him; and af- mediately took the mat and went out before heard this, he said to them, “Those who are cloth on an old cloak; otherwise, the patch
ter having dug through it, they let down the all of them; so that they were all amazed and well have no need of a physician, but those pulls away from it, the new from the old, and
mat on which the paralytic lay. 5 When Je- glorified God, saying, “We have never seen who are sick; I have come to call not the righ- a worse tear is made. 22 And no one puts new
sus saw their faith, he said to the paralytic, anything like this!” teous but sinners.” wine into old wineskins; otherwise, the wine
“Son, your sins are forgiven.” 6 Now some of will burst the skins, and the wine is lost, and
the scribes were sitting there, questioning in Jesus Calls Levi The Question about Fasting so are the skins; but one puts new wine into
their hearts, 7 “Why does this fellow speak 13 Jesus a went out again beside the sea; 18 Now John’s disciples and the Pharisees fresh wineskins.” h
in this way? It is blasphemy! Who can for- the whole crowd gathered around him, and were fasting; and people g came and said
give sins but God alone?” 8 At once Jesus per- he taught them. 14 As he was walking along, a Or it b Other ancient authorities lack nor the Son c Other ancient authorities read at what hour d Gk to
ceived in his spirit that they were discussing he saw Levi son of Alphaeus sitting at the tax give them e Or cut him off f Gk virgins g Other ancient authorities add and the bride h Other ancient

unhesitatingly behaved as if He was the party chiefly concerned, the person

8 A Liar, a Lunatic, 8 chiefly offended in all offences. This makes sense only if He really was the

or the Son of God God whose laws are broken and whose love is wounded in every sin. In the
mouth of any speaker who is not God, these words would imply what I can
only regard as a silliness and conceit unrivalled by any other character in

A mong these Jews there suddenly turns up a man who goes about
talking as if He was God. He claims to forgive sins. He says He has
always existed. He says He is coming to judge the world at the end of time.
Yet (and this is the strange, significant thing) even His enemies, when
they read the Gospels, do not usually get the impression of silliness and
conceit. Still less do unprejudiced readers. Christ says that He is “humble
Now let us get this clear. Among Pantheists, like the Indians, anyone might and meek” and we believe Him; not noticing that, if He were merely a man,
say that he was a part of God, or one with God: there would be nothing humility and meekness are the very last characteristics we could attribute to
very odd about it. But this man, since He was a Jew, could not mean that some of His sayings.
kind of God. God, in their language, meant the Being outside the world, I am trying here to prevent anyone saying the really foolish thing that
who had made it and was infinitely different from anything else. And when people often say about Him: “I’m ready to accept Jesus as a great moral
you have grasped that, you will see that what this man said was, quite teacher, but I don’t accept His claim to be God.” That is the one thing we
simply, the most shocking thing that has ever been uttered by human lips. must not say. A man who was merely a man and said the sort of things Jesus
One part of the claim tends to slip past us unnoticed because we have said would not be a great moral teacher. He would either be a lunatic—on a
heard it so often that we no longer see what it amounts to. I mean the claim level with the man who says he is a poached egg—or else he would be the
to forgive sins: any sins. Now unless the speaker is God, this is really so Devil of Hell. You must make your choice. Either this man was, and is, the
preposterous as to be comic. We can all understand how a man forgives Son of God: or else a madman or something worse. You can shut Him up
offences against himself. You tread on my toes and I forgive you, you steal for a fool, you can spit at Him and kill Him as a demon; or you can fall at His
my money and I forgive you. But what should we make of a man, himself feet and call Him Lord and God. But let us not come with any patronizing
unrobbed and untrodden on, who announced that he forgave you for nonsense about His being a great human teacher. He has not left that open
treading on other men’s toes and stealing other men’s money? Asinine fatuity to us. He did not intend to. [609]
is the kindest description we should give of his conduct. Yet this is what —from Mere Christianity
Jesus did. He told people that their sins were forgiven, and never waited to
consult all the other people whom their sins had undoubtedly injured. He For reflection E Mark 2:1-12

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Matthew 25.1 Matthew 25.46

The Parable of the Ten Bridesmaids you have been trustworthy in a few things, I welcomed me, 36 I was naked and you gave me ‘You that are accursed, depart from me into

25 “Then the kingdom of heaven will be

like this. Ten bridesmaids f took their
lamps and went to meet the bridegroom. g
will put you in charge of many things; enter
into the joy of your master.’ 22 And the one
with the two talents also came forward, say-
clothing, I was sick and you took care of me, I
was in prison and you visited me.’ 37 Then the
righteous will answer him, ‘Lord, when was
the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his
angels; 42 for I was hungry and you gave me
no food, I was thirsty and you gave me noth-
2 Five of them were foolish, and five were ing, ‘Master, you handed over to me two tal- it that we saw you hungry and gave you food, ing to drink, 43 I was a stranger and you did
wise. 3 When the foolish took their lamps, ents; see, I have made two more talents.’ 23 His or thirsty and gave you something to drink? not welcome me, naked and you did not give
they took no oil with them; 4 but the wise master said to him, ‘Well done, good and 38 And when was it that we saw you a strang- me clothing, sick and in prison and you did
took flasks of oil with their lamps. 5 As the trustworthy slave; you have been trustwor- er and welcomed you, or naked and gave you not visit me.’ 44 Then they also will answer,
bridegroom was delayed, all of them be- thy in a few things, I will put you in charge of clothing? 39 And when was it that we saw you ‘Lord, when was it that we saw you hungry
came drowsy and slept. 6 But at midnight many things; enter into the joy of your master.’ sick or in prison and visited you?’ 40 And the or thirsty or a stranger or naked or sick or in
there was a shout, ‘Look! Here is the bride- 24 Then the one who had received the one tal- king will answer them, ‘Truly I tell you, just prison, and did not take care of you?’ 45 Then
groom! Come out to meet him.’ 7 Then all ent also came forward, saying, ‘Master, I knew as you did it to one of the least of these who he will answer them, ‘Truly I tell you, just as
those bridesmaids f got up and trimmed their that you were a harsh man, reaping where you are members of my family, b you did it to me.’ you did not do it to one of the least of these,
lamps. 8 The foolish said to the wise, ‘Give us did not sow, and gathering where you did not 41 Then he will say to those at his left hand, you did not do it to me.’ 46 And these will go
some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.’ scatter seed; 25 so I was afraid, and I went and
a Or it d Gk to give them e Or cut him off f Gk virgins g Other ancient authorities add and the bride
9 But the wise replied, ‘No! there will not be hid your talent in the ground. Here you have
enough for you and for us; you had better go what is yours.’ 26 But his master replied, ‘You
to the dealers and buy some for yourselves.’ wicked and lazy slave! You knew, did you, that
10 And while they went to buy it, the bride- I reap where I did not sow, and gather where
groom came, and those who were ready went I did not scatter? 27 Then you ought to have
with him into the wedding banquet; invested my money with the bankers, and on
and the door was shut. 11 Later the other
bridesmaids f came also, saying, ‘Lord, lord,
my return I would have received what was my
own with interest. 28 So take the talent from
Hiding Our Talents
open to us.’ 12 But he replied, ‘Truly I tell you, him, and give it to the one with the ten tal-
I do not know you.’ 13 Keep awake therefore,
for you know neither the day nor the hour. h
ents. 29 For to all those who have, more will be
given, and they will have an abundance; but
T o love at all is to be vulnerable. Love anything, and your heart will
certainly be wrung and possibly broken. If you want to make sure
of keeping it intact, you must give your heart to no one, not even to an
from those who have nothing, even what they
animal. Wrap it carefully round with hobbies and little luxuries, avoid all
The Parable of the Talents have will be taken away. 30 As for this worth-
entanglements; lock it up safe in the casket or coffin of your selfishness. But
14 “For it is as if a man, going on a journey, less slave, throw him into the outer darkness,
in that casket — safe, dark, motionless, airless — it will change. It will not
summoned his slaves and entrusted his prop- where there will be weeping and gnashing of
be broken; it will become unbreakable, impenetrable, irredeemable. The
erty to them; 15 to one he gave five talents, a to teeth.’
alternative to tragedy, or at least to the risk of tragedy, is damnation. The
another two, to another one, to each accord-
only place outside Heaven where you can be perfectly safe from all dangers
ing to his ability. Then he went away. 16 The The Judgement of the Nations
and perturbations of love is Hell.
one who had received the five talents went off 31 “When the Son of Man comes in his
at once and traded with them, and made five glory, and all the angels with him, then he I believe that the most lawless and inordinate loves are less contrary
more talents. 17 In the same way, the one who will sit on the throne of his glory. 32 All the to God’s will that a self-invited and self-protective lovelessness. It is like
had the two talents made two more talents. nations will be gathered before him, and he hiding the talent in the napkin and for much the same reason. “I knew thee
18 But the one who had received the one tal- will separate people one from another as a that thou wert a hard man.” Christ did not teach and suffer that we might
ent went off and dug a hole in the ground and shepherd separates the sheep from the goats, become, even in the natural loves, more careful of our own happiness. If a
hid his master’s money. 19 After a long time 33 and he will put the sheep at his right hand man is not uncalculating towards the early beloveds whom he has seen, he
the master of those slaves came and settled and the goats at the left. 34 Then the king will is none the more likely to be so towards God whom he has not. We shall
accounts with them. 20 Then the one who say to those at his right hand, ‘Come, you draw nearer to God, not by trying to avoid the sufferings inherent in all
had received the five talents came forward, that are blessed by my Father, inherit the loves, but by accepting them and offering them to Him; throwing away all
bringing five more talents, saying, ‘Master, kingdom prepared for you from the founda- defensive armor. If our hearts need to be broken, and if He chooses this as
you handed over to me five talents; see, I have tion of the world; 35 for I was hungry and you the way in which they should break, so be it. [271]
made five more talents.’ 21 His master said to gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me —from The Four Loves
him, ‘Well done, good and trustworthy slave; something to drink, I was a stranger and you
For reflection E Matthew 25:14-30
d Gk to give them e Or cut him off f Gk virgins g Other ancient authorities add and the bride
h Other ancient authorities add in which the Son of Man is coming

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john 13.12 joh n 14.27

12 After he had washed their feet, had after receiving the piece of bread, he immedi- also. From now on you do know him and neither sees him nor knows him. You know
put on his robe, and had returned to the ately went out. And it was night. have seen him.” him, because he abides with you, and he will
table, he said to them, “Do you know what 8 Philip said to him, “Lord, show us the be in d you.
I have done to you? 13 You call me Teacher The New Commandment Father, and we will be satisfied.” 9 Jesus said 18 “I will not leave you orphaned; I am
and Lord—and you are right, for that is what 31 When he had gone out, Jesus said, to him, “Have I been with you all this time, coming to you. 19 In a little while the world
I am. 14 So if I, your Lord and Teacher, have “Now the Son of Man has been glorified, and Philip, and you still do not know me? Who- will no longer see me, but you will see me;
washed your feet, you also ought to wash one God has been glorified in him. 32 If God has ever has seen me has seen the Father. How because I live, you also will live. 20 On that
another’s feet. 15 For I have set you an exam- been glorified in him, d God will also glorify can you say, ‘Show us the Father’? 10 Do you day you will know that I am in my Father,
ple, that you also should do as I have done him in himself and will glorify him at once. not believe that I am in the Father and the and you in me, and I in you. 21 They who have
to you. 16 Very truly, I tell you, servants e are 33 Little children, I am with you only a little Father is in me? The words that I say to you my commandments and keep them are those
not greater than their master, nor are mes- longer. You will look for me; and as I said to I do not speak on my own; but the Father who love me; and those who love me will be
sengers greater than the one who sent them. the Jews so now I say to you, ‘Where I am who dwells in me does his works. 11 Believe loved by my Father, and I will love them and
17 If you know these things, you are blessed going, you cannot come.’ 34 I give you a new me that I am in the Father and the Father is reveal myself to them.” 22 Judas (not Iscariot)
if you do them. 18 I am not speaking of all of commandment, that you love one another. in me; but if you do not, then believe me be- said to him, “Lord, how is it that you will
you; I know whom I have chosen. But it is Just as I have loved you, you also should love cause of the works themselves. 12 Very truly, I reveal yourself to us, and not to the world?”
to fulfill the scripture, ‘The one who ate my one another. 35 By this everyone will know tell you, the one who believes in me will also 23 Jesus answered him, “Those who love me
bread f has lifted his heel against me.’ 19 I tell that you are my disciples, if you have love for do the works that I do and, in fact, will do will keep my word, and my Father will love
you this now, before it occurs, so that when one another.” greater works than these, because I am going them, and we will come to them and make
it does occur, you may believe that I am he. g to the Father. 13 I will do whatever you ask in our home with them. 24 Whoever does not
20 Very truly, I tell you, whoever receives one Jesus Foretells Peter's Denial my name, so that the Father may be glorified love me does not keep my words; and the
whom I send receives me; and whoever re- 36 Simon Peter said to him, “Lord, where in the Son. 14 If in my name you ask me a for word that you hear is not mine, but is from
ceives me receives him who sent me.” are you going?” Jesus answered, “Where I am anything, I will do it. the Father who sent me.
going, you cannot follow me now; but you 25 “I have said these things to you while
Jesus Foretells His Betrayal will follow afterward.” 37 Peter said to him, The Promise of the Holy Spirit I am still with you. 26 But the Advocate, c the
21 After saying this Jesus was troubled “Lord, why can I not follow you now? I will 15 “If you love me, you will keep b my Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my
in spirit, and declared, “Very truly, I tell lay down my life for you.” 38 Jesus answered, commandments. 16 And I will ask the Father, name, will teach you everything, and remind
you, one of you will betray me.” 22 The dis- “Will you lay down your life for me? Very and he will give you another Advocate, c to be you of all that I have said to you. 27 Peace I
ciples looked at one another, uncertain of truly, I tell you, before the cock crows, you with you forever. 17 This is the Spirit of truth, leave with you; my peace I give to you. I do
whom he was speaking. 23 One of his dis- will have denied me three times. whom the world cannot receive, because it not give to you as the world gives. Do not let
ciples—the one whom Jesus loved—was re-
clining next to him; 24 Simon Peter therefore Jesus the Way to the Father
motioned to him to ask Jesus of whom he
was speaking. 25 So while reclining next to
Jesus, he asked him, “Lord, who is it?” 26 Jesus
14 “Do not let your hearts be troubled.
Believe e in God, believe also in me.
2 In my Father’s house there are many dwell-
Our True Home
answered, “It is the one to whom I give this
piece of bread when I have dipped it in the
dish.” a So when he had dipped the piece of
ing places. If it were not so, would I have told
you that I go to prepare a place for you? f
3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I
T he Christian doctrine of suffering explains, I believe, a very curious
fact about the world we live in. The settled happiness and security
which we all desire, God withholds from us by the very nature of the world:
bread, he gave it to Judas son of Simon Iscar- will come again and will take you to myself, but joy, pleasure, and merriment, He has scattered broadcast. We are never
iot. b 27 After he received the piece of bread, c so that where I am, there you may be also. safe, but we have plenty of fun, and some ecstasy. It is not hard to see why.
Satan entered into him. Jesus said to him, 4 And you know the way to the place where The security we crave would teach us to rest our hearts in this world and
“Do quickly what you are going to do.” 28 Now I am going.” g 5 Thomas said to him, “Lord, oppose an obstacle to our return to God: a few moments of happy love,
no one at the table knew why he said this to we do not know where you are going. How a landscape, a symphony, a merry meeting with our friends, a bathe or
him. 29 Some thought that, because Judas had can we know the way?” 6 Jesus said to him, a football match, have no such tendency. Our Father refreshes us on the
the common purse, Jesus was telling him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No journey with some pleasant inns, but will not encourage us to mistake them
“Buy what we need for the festival”; or, that one comes to the Father except through me. for home. [137]
he should give something to the poor. 30 So, 7 If you know me, you will know h my Father — from The Problem of Pain

For reflection E John 14:1-3

a Orit b Other ancient authorities lack nor the Son c Other ancient authorities read at what hour
d Gk to give them e Or cut him off f Gk virgins g Other ancient authorities add and the bride
h Other ancient authorities add in which the Son of Man is coming

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psalM 133.1 p sa l M 1 3 7. 6

P s a l m 133 6 Whatever the Lord pleases he does, Psalm 136 wilderness,

The Blessedness of Unity in heaven and on earth, for his steadfast love endures forever;
God's Work in Creation and History
in the seas and all deeps. 17 who struck down great kings,
A Song of Ascents. 7 He it is who makes the clouds rise at the 1 O give thanks to the Lord, for he is good, for his steadfast love endures forever;
end of the earth; for his steadfast love endures forever. 18 and killed famous kings,
1 How very good and pleasant it is he makes lightnings for the rain 2 O give thanks to the God of gods, for his steadfast love endures forever;
when kindred live together in unity! and brings out the wind from his for his steadfast love endures forever. 19 Sihon, king of the Amorites,
2 It is like the precious oil on the head, storehouses. 3 O give thanks to the Lord of lords, for his steadfast love endures forever;
running down upon the beard, for his steadfast love endures forever; 20 and Og, king of Bashan,
on the beard of Aaron, 8 He it was who struck down the firstborn for his steadfast love endures forever;
running down over the collar of his of Egypt, 4 who alone does great wonders, 21 and gave their land as a heritage,
robes. both human beings and animals; for his steadfast love endures forever; for his steadfast love endures forever;
3 It is like the dew of Hermon, 9 he sent signs and wonders 5 who by understanding made the heavens, 22 a heritage to his servant Israel,
which falls on the mountains of Zion. into your midst, O Egypt, for his steadfast love endures forever; for his steadfast love endures forever.
For there the Lord ordained his blessing, against Pharaoh and all his servants. 6 who spread out the earth on the waters,
life forevermore. 10 He struck down many nations for his steadfast love endures forever; 23 It is he who remembered us in our low
and killed mighty kings— 7 who made the great lights, estate,
P s a l m 134 11 Sihon, king of the Amorites, for his steadfast love endures forever; for his steadfast love endures forever;
Praise in the Night and Og, king of Bashan, 8 the sun to rule over the day, 24 and rescued us from our foes,
and all the kingdoms of Canaan— for his steadfast love endures forever; for his steadfast love endures forever;
A Song of Ascents. 12 and gave their land as a heritage, 9 the moon and stars to rule over the night, 25 who gives food to all flesh,
a heritage to his people Israel. for his steadfast love endures forever; for his steadfast love endures forever.
1 Come, bless the Lord, all you servants of
the Lord, 13 Your name, O Lord, endures forever, 26 O give thanks to the God of heaven,
who stand by night in the house of the your renown, O Lord, throughout Because God created the Natural— for his steadfast love endures forever.
Lord! all ages. invented it out of His love and artistry—
2 Lift up your hands to the holy place, 14 For the Lord will vindicate his people, it demands our reverence. Psalm 137
and bless the Lord. and have compassion on his servants.
Lament over Destruction of Jerusalem
— from “Some Thoughts” / God in the Dock
3 May the Lord, maker of heaven and 15 The idols of the nations are silver and 1 By the rivers of Babylon—
earth, gold, there we sat down and there we wept
bless you from Zion. the work of human hands. 10 who struck Egypt through their firstborn, when we remembered Zion.
16 They have mouths, but they do not for his steadfast love endures forever; 2 On the willows b there
P s a l m 135 speak; 11 and brought Israel out from among them, we hung up our harps.
Praise for God's Goodness and Might they have eyes, but they do not see; for his steadfast love endures forever; 3 For there our captors
17 they have ears, but they do not hear, 12 with a strong hand and an outstretched asked us for songs,
1 Praise the Lord! and there is no breath in their mouths. arm, and our tormentors asked for mirth,
Praise the name of the Lord; 18 Those who make them for his steadfast love endures forever; saying,
give praise, O servants of the Lord, and all who trust them 13 who divided the Red Sea a in two, "Sing us one of the songs of Zion!"
2 you that stand in the house of the Lord, shall become like them. for his steadfast love endures forever;
in the courts of the house of our God. 14 and made Israel pass through the midst 4 How could we sing the Lord's song in a
3 Praise the Lord, for the Lord is good; 19 O house of Israel, bless the Lord! of it, foreign land?
sing to his name, for he is gracious. O house of Aaron, bless the Lord! for his steadfast love endures forever; 5 If I forget you, O Jerusalem,
4 For the Lord has chosen Jacob for 20 O house of Levi, bless the Lord! 15 but overthrew Pharaoh and his army in let my right hand wither!
himself, You that fear the Lord, bless the the Red Sea, a 6 Let me tongue cling to the roof of my
Israel as his own possession. Lord! for his steadfast love endures forever; mouth,
21 Blessed be the Lord from Zion, 16 who led his people through the if I do not remember you,
5 For I know that the Lord is great; he who resides in Jerusalem.
our Lord is above all gods. Praise the Lord! a Or it b Other ancient authorities lack nor the Son c Other ancient authorities read at what hour d Gk to give them

e Or cut him off f Gk virgins g Other ancient authorities add and the bride h Other ancient authorities add in which the Son of

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Genesis 45.1 Genesis 46.34

Joseph Reveals Himself to His Brothers you and your household, and all that you saw the wagons that Joseph had sent to carry their sister Serah. The children of Beriah:

45 Then Joseph could no longer control

himself before all those who stood by
him, and he cried out, “Send everyone away
have, will not come to poverty.’ 12 And now
your eyes and the eyes of my brother Benja-
min see that it is my own mouth that speaks
him, the spirit of their father Jacob revived.
28 Israel said, “Enough! My son Joseph is still
alive. I must go and see him before I die.”
Heber and Malchiel 18 (these are the children
of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to his daughter
Leah; and these she bore to Jacob—sixteen
from me.” So no one stayed with him when to you. 13 You must tell my father how greatly persons). 19 The children of Jacob’s wife Ra-
Joseph made himself known to his brothers. I am honored in Egypt, and all that you have Jacob Brings His Whole Family to Egypt chel: Joseph and Benjamin. 20 To Joseph in
2 And he wept so loudly that the Egyptians
heard it, and the household of Pharaoh heard
it. 3 Joseph said to his brothers, “I am Joseph.
seen. Hurry and bring my father down here.”
14 Then he fell upon his brother Benjamin’s
neck and wept, while Benjamin wept upon
46 When Israel set out on his journey
with all that he had and came to Beer-
sheba, he offered sacrifices to the God of his
the land of Egypt were born Manasseh and
Ephraim, whom Asenath daughter of Po-
tiphera, priest of On, bore to him. 21 The chil-
Is my father still alive?” But his brothers his neck. 15 And he kissed all his brothers and father Isaac. 2 God spoke to Israel in visions dren of Benjamin: Bela, Becher, Ashbel, Gera,
could not answer him, so dismayed were wept upon them; and after that his brothers of the night, and said, “Jacob, Jacob.” And he Naaman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim, and
they at his presence. talked with him. said, “Here I am.” 3 Then he said, “I am God, b Ard 22 (these are the children of Rachel, who
4 Then Joseph said to his brothers, “Come 16 When the report was heard in Pha- the God of your father; do not be afraid to go were born to Jacob—fourteen persons in all).
closer to me.” And they came closer. He said, raoh’s house, “Joseph’s brothers have come,” down to Egypt, for I will make of you a great 23 The children of Dan: Hashum. e 24 The chil-

“I am your brother, Joseph, whom you sold Pharaoh and his servants were pleased. nation there. 4 I myself will go down with you dren of Naphtali: Jahzeel, Guni, Jezer, and
into Egypt. 5 And now do not be distressed, or 17 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Say to your to Egypt, and I will also bring you up again; Shillem 25 (these are the children of Bilhah,
angry with yourselves, because you sold me brothers, ‘Do this: load your animals and go and Joseph’s own hand shall close your eyes.” whom Laban gave to his daughter Rachel,
here; for God sent me before you to preserve back to the land of Canaan. 18 Take your fa- 5 Then Jacob set out from Beer-sheba; and these she bore to Jacob—seven persons
life. 6 For the famine has been in the land ther and your households and come to me, and the sons of Israel carried their father Ja- in all). 26 All the persons belonging to Jacob
these two years; and there are five more years so that I may give you the best of the land cob, their little ones, and their wives, in the who came into Egypt, who were his own off-
in which there will be neither plowing nor of Egypt, and you may enjoy the fat of the wagons that Pharaoh had sent to carry him. spring, not including the wives of his sons,
harvest. 7 God sent me before you to preserve land.’ 19 You are further charged to say, ‘Do 6 They also took their livestock and the goods were sixty-six persons in all. 27 The children
for you a remnant on earth, and to keep alive this: take wagons from the land of Egypt for that they had acquired in the land of Canaan, of Joseph, who were born to him in Egypt,
for you many survivors. 8 So it was not you your little ones and for your wives, and bring and they came into Egypt, Jacob and all his were two; all the persons of the house of Ja-
who sent me here, but God; he has made me your father, and come. 20 Give no thought to offspring with him, 7 his sons, and his sons’ cob who came into Egypt were seventy.
a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house your possessions, for the best of all the land sons with him, his daughters, and his sons’
and ruler over all the land of Egypt. 9 Hurry of Egypt is yours.’ ” daughters; all his offspring he brought with Jacob Settles in Goshen
and go up to my father and say to him, ‘Thus 21 The sons of Israel did so. Joseph gave him into Egypt. 28 Israela sent Judah ahead to Joseph to
says your son Joseph, God has made me lord them wagons according to the instruction of 8 Now these are the names of the Isra- lead the way before him into Goshen. When
of all Egypt; come down to me, do not delay. Pharaoh, and he gave them provisions for the elites, Jacob and his offspring, who came to they came to the land of Goshen, 29 Joseph
journey. 22 To each one of them he gave a set Egypt. Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn, 9 and the made ready his chariot and went up to meet
of garments; but to Benjamin he gave three children of Reuben: Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, his father Israel in Goshen. He presented
E and Carmi. 10 The children of Simeon: Jem- himself to him, fell on his neck, and wept on
hundred pieces of silver and five sets of gar-
ments. 23 To his father he sent the following: uel, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar, and Shaul,c his neck a good while. 30 Israel said to Joseph,
Those who will not be God’s sons become ten donkeys loaded with the good things of the son of a Canaanite woman. 11 The chil- “I can die now, having seen for myself that
His tools. Egypt, and ten female donkeys loaded with dren of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. you are still alive.” 31 Joseph said to his broth-
grain, bread, and provision for his father on 12 The children of Judah: Er, Onan, Shelah, ers and to his father’s household, “I will go up
— from A Preface to Paradise Lost the journey. 24 Then he sent his brothers on Perez, and Zerah (but Er and Onan died in and tell Pharaoh, and will say to him, ‘My
their way, and as they were leaving he said to the land of Canaan); and the children of Perez brothers and my father’s household, who
E them, “Do not quarrela along the way.” were Hezron and Hamul. 13 The children of were in the land of Canaan, have come to me.
25 So they went up out of Egypt and came Issachar: Tola, Puvah, Jashub,d and Shimron. 32 The men are shepherds, for they have been
10 You shall settle in the land of Goshen, and to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan. 14 The children of Zebulun: Sered, Elon, and keepers of livestock; and they have brought
you shall be near me, you and your children 26 And they told him, “Joseph is still alive! Jahleel 15 (these are the sons of Leah, whom their flocks, and their herds, and all that they
and your children’s children, as well as your He is even ruler over all the land of Egypt.” she bore to Jacob in Paddan-aram, together have.’ 33 When Pharaoh calls you, and says,
flocks, your herds, and all that you have. 11 I He was stunned; he could not believe them. with his daughter Dinah; in all his sons and ‘What is your occupation?’ 34 you shall say,
will provide for you there—since there are 27 But when they told him all the words of Jo- his daughters numbered thirty-three). 16 The ‘Your servants have been keepers of livestock
five more years of famine to come—so that seph that he had said to them, and when he children of Gad: Ziphion, Haggi, Shuni, Ez- from our youth even until now, both we and
bon, Eri, Arodi, and Areli. 17 The children our ancestors’—in order that you may settle
a Or it b Other ancient authorities lack nor the Son c Other ancient authorities read at what hour d Gk to give them of Asher: Imnah, Ishvah, Ishvi, Beriah, and in the land of Goshen, because all shepherds
e Or cut him off f Gk virgins g Other ancient authorities add and the bride h Other ancient authorities add in which the Son of

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psalM 49.15 psa lM 51.17

15 But God will ransom my soul from the 8 Not for your sacrifices do I rebuke you; Psalm 51 let the bones that you have crushed
power of Sheol, your burnt offerings are continually Prayer for Cleansing and Pardon rejoice.
for he will receive me. before me. 9 Hide your face from my sins,
Selah 9 I will not accept a bull from your house, To the leader. A Psalm of David, when the prophet and blot out all my iniquities.
or goats from your folds. Nathan came to him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba.
16 Do not be afraid when some become rich, 10 For every wild animal of the forest is 10 Create in me a clean heart, O God,
when the wealth of their houses mine, 1 Have mercy on me, O God, and put a new and right a spirit within
increases. the cattle on a thousand hills. according to your steadfast love; me.
17 For when they die they will carry nothing 11 I know all the birds of the air, a according to your abundant mercy 11 Do not cast me away from your presence,
away; and all that moves in the field is mine. blot out my transgressions. and do not take your holy spirit from
their wealth will not go down after 2 Wash me thoroughly from my iniquity, me.
them. 12 “If I were hungry, I would not tell you, and cleanse me from my sin. 12 Restore to me the joy of your salvation,
18 Though in their lifetime they count for the world and all that is in it is and sustain in me a willing b spirit.
themselves happy mine. 3 For I know my transgressions,
—for you are praised when you do 13 Do I eat the flesh of bulls, and my sin is ever before me. 13 Then I will teach transgressors your
well for yourself— or drink the blood of goats? 4 Against you, you alone, have I sinned, ways,
19 they h will go to the company of their 14 Offer to God a sacrifice of thanksgiving, b and done what is evil in your sight, and sinners will return to you.
ancestors, and pay your vows to the Most High. so that you are justified in your sentence 14 Deliver me from bloodshed, O God,
who will never again see the light. 15 Call on me in the day of trouble; and blameless when you pass O God of my salvation,
20 Mortals cannot abide in their pomp; I will deliver you, and you shall glorify judgment. and my tongue will sing aloud of your
they are like the animals that perish. me.” 5 Indeed, I was born guilty, deliverance.
a sinner when my mother conceived
P s a l m 50 16 But to the wicked God says: me. 15 O Lord, open my lips,
The Acceptable Sacrifice “What right have you to recite my 6 You desire truth in the inward being; d and my mouth will declare your
statutes, therefore teach me wisdom in my praise.
A Psalm of Asaph. or take my covenant on your lips? secret heart. 6 For you have no delight in sacrifice;
17 For you hate discipline, 7 Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be if I were to give a burnt offering, you
1 The mighty one, God the Lord, and you cast my words behind you. clean; would not be pleased.
speaks and summons the earth 18 You make friends with a thief when you wash me, and I shall be whiter 17 The sacrifice acceptable to God c is a
from the rising of the sun to its setting. see one, than snow. broken spirit;
2 Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, and you keep company with 8 Let me hear joy and gladness; a broken and contrite heart, O God,
God shines forth. adulterers. a Or it b Other ancient authorities lack nor the Son c Other ancient authorities read at what hour d Gk to give them
e Or cut him off f Gk virgins g Other ancient authorities add and the bride h Other ancient authorities add in which
3 Our God comes and does not keep 19 “You give your mouth free rein for evil,
silence, and your tongue frames deceit.
before him is a devouring fire, 20 You sit and speak against your kin;

and a mighty tempest all around him.
He calls to the heavens above 21
you slander your own mother’s child.
These things you have done and I have
8 Noticing the Dirt 8
and to the earth, that he may judge his been silent; know all about the despair of overcoming chronic temptations. It is
people: you thought that I was one just like not serious provided self-offended petulance, annoyance at breaking
5 “Gather to me my faithful ones, yourself. records, impatience etc doesn’t get the upper hand. No amount of falls will
who made a covenant with me by But now I rebuke you, and lay the charge really undo us if we keep on picking ourselves up each time. We shall of
sacrifice!” before you. course be v. muddy and tattered children by the time we reach home. But
6 The heavens declare his righteousness, 22 “Mark this, then, you who forget God, the bathrooms are all ready, the towels put out, & the clean clothes are in
for God himself is judge. or I will tear you apart, and there will the airing cupboard. The only fatal thing is to lose one’s temper and give it
Selah be no one to deliver. up. It is when we notice the dirt that God is most present to us: it is the v.
23 Those who bring thanksgiving as their sign of His presence. [115]
7 “Hear, O my people, and I will speak, sacrifice honor me;
—from CSL letter to Mrs. Neylan, January 20, 1942
O Israel, I will testify against you. to those who go the right way c
I am God, your God. I will show the salvation of God.”
For reflection E Psalm 51:10-12
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psalM 18.22 psalM 19.10

22 For all his ordinances were before me, consumed. Psalm 19 with joy.
and his statutes I did not put away 38 I struck them down, so that they were
6 Its rising is from the end of the heavens,
God's Glory in Creation and the Law and its circuit to the end of them;
from me. not able to rise;
To the leader. A Psalm of David.
23 I was blameless before him, they fell under my feet. and nothing is hid from its heat.
and I kept myself from guilt. 39 For you girded me with strength for the 1 The heavens are telling the glory of God;
24 Therefore the Lord has recompensed battle; and the firmament b proclaims his 7 The law of the Lord is perfect,
me according to my you made my assailants sink under handiwork. reviving the soul;
righteousness, me. 2 Day to day pours forth speech, the decrees of the Lord are sure,
according to the cleanness of my 40 You made my enemies turn their backs and night to night declares knowledge. making wise the simple;
hands in his sight. to me, 3 There is no speech, nor are there words; 8 the precepts of the Lord are right,
and those who hated me I destroyed. their voice is not heard; rejoicing the heart;
25 With the loyal you show yourself loyal; 41 They cried for help, but there was no one 4 yet their voice c goes out through all the the commandment of the Lord is clear,
with the blameless you show yourself to save them; earth, enlightening the eyes;
blameless; they cried to the Lord, but he did not and their words to the end of the 9 the fear of the Lord is pure,
26 with the pure you show yourself pure; answer them. world. enduring forever;
and with the crooked you show 42 I beat them fine, like dust before the the ordinances of the Lord are true
yourself perverse. wind; In the heavens d he has set a tent for the and righteous altogether.
27 For you deliver a humble people, I cast them out like the mire of the sun, 10 More to be desired are they than gold,
but the haughty eyes you bring down. streets. 5 which comes out like a bridegroom from even much fine gold;
28 It is you who light my lamp; his wedding canopy, sweeter also than honey,
the Lord, my God, lights up my 43 You delivered me from strife with the and like a strong man runs its course and drippings of the honeycomb.
darkness. peoples; a a Or it b Other ancient authorities lack nor the Son c Other ancient authorities read at what hour d Gk to give them
29 By you I can crush a troop, you made me head of the nations; e Or cut him off f Gk virgins g Other ancient authorities add and the bride h Other ancient authorities add in which the Son of

and by my God I can leap over a wall. people whom I had not known served
30 This God—his way is perfect; me.
the promise of the Lord proves true; 44 As soon as they heard of me they obeyed
he is a shield for all who take refuge me;
in him. foreigners came cringing to me. God and the Heavens
45 Foreigners lost heart,

For who is God except the Lord?
And who is a rock besides our God?—
the God who girded me with strength,
and came trembling out of their
strongholds. I t is not an accident that simple-minded people, however spiritual,
should blend the ideas of God and Heaven and the blue sky. It is a fact,
not a fiction, that light and life-giving heat do come down from the sky to
and made my way safe. 46 The Lord lives! Blessed be my rock, Earth. The analogy of the sky’s role to begetting and of the Earth’s role to
33 He made my feet like the feet of a deer, and exalted be the God of my bearing is sound as far as it goes. The huge dome of the sky is of all things
and set me secure on the heights. salvation, sensuously perceived the most like infinity. And when God made space
34 He trains my hands for war, 47 the God who gave me vengeance and worlds that move in space, and clothed our world with air, and gave us
so that my arms can bend a bow of and subdued peoples under me; such eyes and such imaginations as those we have, He knew what the sky
bronze. 48 who delivered me from my enemies; would mean to us. And since nothing in His work is accidental, if He knew,
35 You have given me the shield of your indeed, you exalted me above my He intended. We cannot be certain that this was not indeed one of the chief
salvation, adversaries; purposes for which Nature was created; still less that it was not one of the
and your right hand has supported you delivered me from the violent. chief reasons why the withdrawal was allowed to affect human senses as a
me; movement upwards. (A disappearance into the Earth would beget a wholly
your help b has made me great. 49 For this I will extol you, O Lord, among different religion.) The ancients in letting the spiritual symbolism of the sky
36 You gave me a wide place for my steps the nations, flow straight into their minds without stopping to discover by analysis that
under me, and sing praises to your name. it was a symbol, were not entirely mistaken. In one way they were perhaps
and my feet did not slip. 50 Great triumphs he gives to his king, less mistaken than we. [225]
37 I pursued my enemies and overtook and shows steadfast love to his —from Miracles
them; anointed,
and did not turn back until they were to David and his descendants forever. For reflection E Psalm 19:1-6

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