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Moon phases

The phases of the Moon are caused by the relative positions of the
Moon and Sun in the sky. A New Moon occurs when the Sun and
Moon are at their closest position in the sky, whilst a Full Moon
occurs when they are at their furthest apart positions. First and Last
Quarters occur when the Moon is between these parameters, First
Quarter when the moon is one quarter along its path, and Last
Quarter when its three quarters along its path. First and Last
Quarters look like half moons. Due to these positions a percentage
of the moon is illuminated - this is what we see in the sky, a New
Moon is 0% illuminated, First Quarter is 25%, Full Moon 100%, and
Last Quarter 25%

Due to this it's easy to accurately chart the Moon's phases, the
zodiac path appearing in our main chart is dependant upon the
relative planetary positions, again allowing for accurate charting.
Traditionally the Moon is considered to have eight phases, as well as
the four discussed there are two crescent and two gibbous phases
which are in effect sub divisions of the path. Waxing means
growing, and waning means shrinking.

Waxing First Waxing Waning Last Waning

New Full
cresce quarte gibbou gibbou quarte cresce
Moon moon
nt r s s r nt

Other points of interest

A Moon cycle lasts for approximately 29½ days.

The phases of the Moon are the same no matter what your location
on Earth, as they are determined by the relative positions of the
Earth, Sun, and Moon.

The Moon rises at approximately sunset when it's a Full Moon, and
approximately sunrise when it's a New Moon.

When referring to the Moons age a New Moon is the starting point.

Due to the Moons cycle being 29½ days, you occasionally get two
Full Moons in one month, this happens on average every 2.7 years.
When this happens the second Moon of the month is called a 'Blue
Moon'. When two New Moons occur in a month the second is called
a 'Dark Moon'.

The Moon may appear to be 'Full' for a few days, however this is
only due to the illumination and the distance we view it from. The
Moon is only Full at a given date and time, but as it may be
approximately 95% illuminated two days before or after a Full Moon,
the human eye perceives it as still being a Full Moon.

The Names of the Moon

In many cultures it has been traditional to name each full moon, the
Native American’s used the moon phases to track the passage of
time. Below are some of the more commonly used formats:

The Wolf Moon - a time to protect loved ones, and

family. (also called storm moon)
The Chaste Moon - renewal, youth, mending a broken
heart, new love as the signs of winter begin to fade.
The Seed Moon - rebirth, to rejuvenate passion, to
plant the seeds of new love.
The Hare Moon - fertility, growth; a time to honor the
Goddess Ostara, patron of springtime.
May The Dyad Moon - a time to bond, find a partner, share.
The Mead Moon - a time to pick fresh flowers, hay,
grass for love talismans.
The Wort Moon - a time to gather herbs (worts) to dry
for love spells later on.
The Barley Moon - a time to manifest love, cast spells
for what you want, harvest the first fruits.
The Wine Moon - a time to celebrate the grape, the
September intoxicating qualities of love; (also known as blood
The Blood Moon - a time to recall the blessings of
October former loves and prepare for winter loving; a time to
renew one's commitment to a lover.:
The Snow Moon - a time to honor the Snow Queen, the
November Frost Giants, and the cold cycle of the earth; a time to
provide warmth and coziness.
The Oak Moon - a time to strengthen a relationship, to
build Yule fires.

Native American: (there are many variations on this and different

tribes used different names).
January Wolf Moon
February Snow Moon
March Worm Moon
April Pink Moon
May Flower Moon
June Strawberry Moon
July Buck Moon
August Sturgeon Moon
September Harvest Moon
October Hunter's Moon
November Beaver Moon
December Cold Moon

Celtic: (again other variations on the theme).

January Storm Moon

February Chaste Moon
March Seed Moon
April Hare Moon
May Dyad Moon
June Mead Moon
July Wort Moon
August Barley Moon
September Blood Moon
October Snow Moon
November Oak Moon
December Wolf Moon
A Blue Moon occurs
when the moon
The Blue with its 28 day
Moon cycle appears twice
within the same
calendar month.
A Black Moon
occurs when there
The Black
are two dark cycles
of the moon in any
calendar month.