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# Observation

## Observation checklist  quantitative

Description Yes No
1. The teacher tells the students the title of the song. v
2. The teacher distributes cloze test containing the lyrics v
of the song.
3. The teacher reads the instructions. v
4. The teacher asks the students to listen to the song v
three times.
5. The students fill in the blanks with missing words while v
listening to the song
6. The students exchange paper with their friends. v
7. The teacher tells the students the missing words. v

## Field notes  qualitative

The teacher entered the classroom at 7 am. He greeted the students, and
asked them about their weekend. Then he reviewed the materials of the
previous session by showing some pictures and asking them to mention the
things found in the pictures.

He told the students they were going to learn more words related to the
previous topic in that session, but he said he was going to use songs instead
of pictures. The students looked very pleased as all of them smile upon
hearing this.
.
.
.
Etc.
Saturday, February 20, 2010

In the last session you asked me lots of good questions about research. I need to post the

1. Terms
These terms are synonymous: research, study, investigation, inquiry.
So in this context, study is not the same as learn. Rather, it refers to research.

## 2. Quantitative vs. Qualitative

Which one is better? Good question! The answer is: both.
The best research is the one that can provide the most appropriate answer to your
research questions (problems). If you are wondering whether your teaching technique is
effective and want to find out how many students can succeed when taught using that
technique, then you must conduct quantitative research. If you conduct qualitative
quantitative research is better than qualitative one.
But if you want to know how to apply a certain teaching technique in the classroom,
then you must conduct qualitative research. In this case qualitative research is better
than quantitative one.

## 3. Quantitative and Qualitative

One of you asked whether you could use both the quantitative and qualitative
approaches in a single study. Good news, the answer is: yes. It's called mixed method.
You need it when you have, for example, the following research questions:
1. How can songs be used to teach English to the 5th graders at Mbebekan elementary
school? (qual.)
2. Can the use of songs improve the 5th graders' vocabulary size? (quan.)

4. Observation