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50MWp Solar Thermal Power Project,

Rajasthan – INDIA
– Detailed Project Report

Gammon Infrastructure Projects Ltd, Mumbai

Project Consultants
Pan Exergy Pvt Ltd
D-32, Sector-7, Noida – 201301,
INDIA.
Ph: +91-9999676750; +91-9654436886
Web: www.exergy.in Email: info@exergy.in
50M W So lar The r mal Po we r Projec t Repor t P a g e |2

50MW Solar CST Power Plant

- Detailed Project Report

Document Version: 1.4/Draft #3


Document Ref: PEPL/SOLAR/10-11/NESSPL/001
Date of Issue: February 21, 2011
Author: Arun K Pandey, Project Coordinator
Rajat Sethi, Supervisor
Authorized by: Ravindra P Dubey, Managing Director, PEPL
Dr OP Nangia, Director, NESSPL

© Copyright. All rights reserved.

Abstract
This project report study examines solar thermal electricity generation technologies, undertakes a brief
analysis of those that could reasonably be considered suitable for commercial power generation for the
client, and identifies a preferred technology for further evaluation. The review and selection of a
preferred technology includes: (i) an assessment of the technology; (ii) consideration of the status of the
technology and commercial experience; (iii) consideration of the solar resource at the proposed
location; (iv) costs; and (v) risks.

Project Consultants Project Promoters


Pan Exergy Private Ltd. Gammon Infrastructure Projects Ltd
.
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NON DISCLOSURE

This Detailed Project Report (referred to as “the DPR”) has been prepared by Pan Exergy Pvt Ltd (PEPL) for Gammon Infrastructure
Private Limited (GIPL) and remains the property of GIPL & PEPL.
This report is produced for the purpose of securing various government approvals and clearances for GIPL and its potential investors and is
distributed only to a limited number of persons identified with the prior consent of PEPL, and is distributed on the understanding that it
must not be further distributed to any person.
The DPR is henceforth made available and is received specifically on the implied understanding that the recipient will hold the information
contained therein confidential and will not copy, reproduce, distribute or disclose the information or any part of it to any other person. The
recipient agrees, on request to return promptly, or destroy, all information received from PEPL and its consultants without r etaining any
copies and undertakes that any persons to whom a copy or copies have been passed will do likewise.
There has been no independent third party verification of the information in the report. While the information in the plan has been prepared
in good faith and is believed to be accurate in all material respects, PEPL, GIPL, its Directors, officers and employees, nor any of them give
any representation or warranty, expressed or implied as to the completeness or accuracy of any information in the report or otherwise made
available (whether orally or in writing), or that any such information remains unchanged after the date of its receipt. PEPL, its Directors,
officers and employees will not be liable or responsible in any way whatsoever in respect of any statement, opinion, or other information
contained in this report or howsoever made available, in relation to it, nor for any omission from it.
Each party in receipt of this report must make its own independent assessment of the project after making such investigations and taking its
own independent advice, as it may deem necessary. In particular, any estimates, forecasts, projections or opinions contained in the plan
necessarily involve significant elements of subjective judgement and analysis and each recipient must satisfy itself in relat ion to such
matters.
The report is not a prospectus and does not form part of a contract or an offer of sale. It does not constitute an offer capable of acceptance,
nor an invitation for the sale or purchase of any securities.

ISSUED BY:

Director, Pan Exergy Pvt Ltd


D-32, Sector #7, Noida – 201301, INDIA.
W: www.exergy.in E: info@exergy.in
Tel: 0120-4243211 Fax: 011-22719964

DATE: 18th October 2010

Project Consultants Project Promoters


Pan Exergy Private Ltd. Gammon Infrastructure Projects Ltd
.
50M W So lar The r mal Po we r Projec t Repor t P a g e |4

BACKGROUND

The Client
Gammon Infrastructure Projects Limited ("GIPL") is an infrastructure project development company promoted by Gammon India
Limited, to participate in the development of infrastructure projects on a public private partnership ("PPP") basis. GIPL leads Gammon's
forays into development of infrastructure projects on PPP basis across sectors such as Roads & Expressways, Ports, Hydro Power, Urban
infrastructure, Airports, Special Economic Zones, Water and Wastewater management, Railways, Power Transmission lines, and
Agricultural Infrastructure. GIPL has also started undertaking projects in renewable energy sector. It has taken up biomass power projects
in Punjab and Haryana and Hydro Power Projects in the states of Himachal Pradesh and Sikkim. It now wants to enter into the area of solar
power and has assigned the job of preparing a project report on a 50 MW Solar Thermal Power Plant for suitable site in the country to the
consultants.

The Consultants
Pan Exergy Pvt. Ltd. (PEPL) is a leading Solar Technology Consultant and Turnkey Executor of upto 100kW Solar Projects. It has had a
significant expertise in Indian Solar Markets based on an experience of offering services to more than 600MW of Solar Projects in India.
Out of these 250MW are already under advanced stages of execution. For more details visit our website (www.exergy.in) of email us at
(info@exergy.in).

GIPL awarded PEPL the job for preparing a Project Report on a 50 MW Solar Thermal Power Project at a suitable site in the country.
PEPL hereby submits this report on 50 MW Solar Thermal Power Plant at Village Malar, Tehsil Phalodi, District Jodhpur in Rajasthan.

Project Consultants Project Promoters


Pan Exergy Private Ltd. Gammon Infrastructure Projects Ltd
.
50M W So lar The r mal Po we r Projec t Repor t P a g e |5

TABLE OF CONTENTS
NON DISCLOSURE 3

BACKGROUND 4

1 ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT 8

1.1 Change control 8


1.1.1 Current status and anticipated changes 8
1.1.2 Change history 8

2 TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS 9

2.1 Definitions 10

3 SOLAR IN INDIA: AN INTRODUCTION 11

3.1 Energy Scenario in Rajasthan 12

3.2 Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission 12

3.3 Benefits of Grid Connect Solar Energy 13

3.4 Socio Economic Benefits of Grid Connect Solar Power Plants 13

3.5 Approach to this Study 14

3.6 Key Study Assumptions 15


3.6.1 General
3.6.2 Project Size
3.6.3 Project Location

3.7 Assumptions in Financial Modelling 16

4 PHOTOVOLTAICS OR SOLAR CST POWER PLANTS ? 17

4.1 Principle 17

4.2 Photovoltaics 17

4.3 Solar Thermal Power Plants 17

4.4 Reference Systems 19

4.5 Areas of Operations 20

4.6 Future Perspectives 23

4.7 Conclusions 23

5 POTENTIAL, FEASIBILITY & PATH TO CST REALITY IN INDIA 24

5.1 Solar Thermal Electric Systems – Concentrating Solar Thermal (CST) 24

5.2 Types of CST Systems 26

5.3 Comparison of CST Systems 29


Project Consultants Project Promoters
Pan Exergy Private Ltd. Gammon Infrastructure Projects Ltd
.
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5.4 Potential for CST in India 32


5.4.1 Solar Resource Assessment
5.4.2 Land Assessment
5.4.3 Power Grid Assessment
5.4.4 Fossil Fuel & Water Requirement
5.4.5 Previous Assessment of CST in India
5.4.6 Improvements to Previous Assessments of CST in India
5.4.7 Framework for Comprehensive Assessment

5.5 CST Projects & Activities in India 42

5.6 Levelized Electricity Cost (LEC) 43


5.6.1 Drivers of CST Economics
5.6.2 Predicting CST’s Future with Experience Curve

5.7 The Path to CST Commercialization in India 48

6 SITE SELECTION FOR 50MW CST PLANT 49

6.1 Nature & Use of Solar Radiation 49

6.2 Land Assessment Criteria for CST Plant at Phalodi 52

6.3 Solar Resource in Phalodi (Jodhpur), Rajasthan 54

6.4 Reliability & Measurement of Solar Radiation in Rajasthan 59

7 TECHNOLOGY SELECTION & SYSTEM DESCRIPTION 60

7.1 Technology Selection 60

7.2 Size of the Plant 62

7.3 Energy Storage & Auxiliary Fuel 63


7.3.1 Heat Storage for Solar Thermal
7.3.2 Plant Performance

7.4 Staged Development Planning 64

7.5 Development Schedule 65

7.6 Environmental Concerns 66

8 POWER EVACUATION STRATEGY 67

8.1 Network connection 67

8.2 Grid Synchronization Scheme 68

8.3 Interface Scheme Proposed 68

8.4 Single Line Diagram for Power Evacuation 70

8.5 Metering Requirements 71

9 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS 72

9.1 O&M Lessons for Running CST Plants 72

9.2 Basic Structure of the O&M Team 75


Project Consultants Project Promoters
Pan Exergy Private Ltd. Gammon Infrastructure Projects Ltd
.
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9.2.1 Operation
9.2.2 Maintenance
9.2.3 Administration
9.2.4 Facilities to Be Extended to the Employees

9.3 Station Operations Philosophy 76

9.4 Station Maintenance Philosophy 76


9.4.1 Ordinary Maintenance
9.4.2 Emergency Maintenance
9.4.3 Maintenance Plan and Scheduled Maintenance

9.5 Maintenance Management System 77

9.6 Spare Parts Management System 77

9.7 Availability of O&M Manual 77

9.8 Special Tools & Tackles 77

9.9 Checklist & Protocol 78

9.10 Safety & Protection 78

9.11 Organization Structure 79

9.12 Training 80

10 PROJECT FINANCIALS 81

10.1 Project Cost 81

10.2 Assumptions 82

10.3 Cash Flow 83

11 CONCLUSIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS 84

11.1 Conclusions 84

11.2 Recommendations 86

11.3 Risk Assessment 87

APPENDIX – I SOLAR IRRADIATION IN PHALODI, JODHPUR 88

APPENDIX – II LEC-CALCULATION BASED ON BILL OF MATERIALS FOR LS-3

LATEST SEGS CALIFORNIA PLANT 90

APPENDIX – III TECHNO-COMMERCIAL SURVEY OF CST PLANT INSTALLATIONS 92

APPENDIX – IV CST PLANTS WORLDWIDE 98

Project Consultants Project Promoters


Pan Exergy Private Ltd. Gammon Infrastructure Projects Ltd
.
50M W So lar The r mal Po we r Projec t Repor t P a g e |8

Requests for any specific section of the report can be made directly
emailed to info@exergy.in or Rajat@Exergy.in. The entire report is
available at a cost of Rs. 35,000. For any queries please feel free to
call our consultants at 00-91-9999676750 or 00-91-9654436886. For
any updates please visit our website: www.exergy.in.

Project Consultants Project Promoters


Pan Exergy Private Ltd. Gammon Infrastructure Projects Ltd
.