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AERONAUTICAL DEVELOPMENT ESTABLISHMENT


Defence Research and Development Organisation, Govt. of India,
Ministry of defence
New Thippasandra PO, Bangalore 560075
CORE COMPETENCE
• Aerodynamic Configuration
• Structural Design including Composites
• Flight Controls & Avionics
• Propulsion and System Integration
• Airborne Sensor Stabilization
• Aerial Image Exploitation
• Flight Testing & Evaluation
• Ground Control Stations

Flight Simulation

• Development of Pilot Training Simulators


• Simulation to support Aircraft Design & Aeronautical Research

Design & Development of Systems for Combat Aircraft

• Fly-By-Wire Flight Control System


• Cockpit Displays
• Air Weapons Integration

UPCOMING TECHNOLOGIES & PRODUCTS


• Design and development of Medium Altitude and Long Endurance (MALE)
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) - Rustom

• Development of External piloting (EP) technology and skills


REMOTELY PILOTED VEHICLE [NISHANT]

TECHNICAL HIGHLIGHTS:
• Flight endurance : 4 ½ hrs
• Altitude : 3600 m AMSL
• Speed Cruise : 125 - 150 kmph
• Command Range : 175 km (160km).
• Payload data link : 175 km(100km).
• Launch : Mobile Hydro Pneumatic
• Recovery : Parachute/ Landing bags
• All Up Weight : 370 kg.
• Multi mission UAV with Day/Night capability
using advanced EO payloads like FLIR,DLTV
• Autonomous flight capabilities
• Mobile hydro-pneumatic launcher
• User friendly Ground Control Station

ROLES:
• Day/ Night Battle field reconnaissance
• Target tracking and localization
• Artillery fire correction using105mm & 155mm guns
• Damage assessment

INTEGRATED AVIONICS PACKAGE


• Control law computation based on remote inputs from
pilot and vehicle dynamics
• Auto-pilot for in-flight programmable way point
navigation
• Airborne Encoder-Decoder for pilot interface
• Inbuilt IAS & altitude sensors
& interfaces

GIMBALLED PAYLOAD ASSEMBLY


• Advanced , light weight, remotely steerable
• Two axis stabilized system
• Consists of 2 payloads: CCD and FLIR
• Degree of freedom: Azimuth 360° and Elevation-110° to 10°
• Stabilization: < 100 Micro radians
GROUND CONTROL STATION

• Electronic Map Display


• Mission planning & validation
• UAV semi automatic checkout
• UAV simulator for pilot training
• Remote antenna control

GROUND IMAGE EXPLOITATION SYSTEM (GIES)

The GIES is state-of-the-art image exploitation system developed to acquire, store,


retrieve, process, analyze, interpret, display and disseminate information from imagery
obtained during UAV mission. The major activities involved are

• Adaptive Preprocessing of Aerial imagery


• Image Mosaicing
• High resolution reconstruction of target imagery
• Terrain Classification
• Segmentation of EO/SAR images

TERRAIN
CLASSIFICATION

IMAGE
MOSAICING
PILOTLESS TARGET AIRCRAFT [LAKSHYA]
TECHNICAL HIGHLIGHTS:
• High performance, reusable aerial target
system
• Realistic simulation of enemy aircraft threat to
artillery crews, for training of firing air-to-air
and surface-to-air weapons
• Land/ ship launched
• Zero length launcher, Rocket assisted take-off
• Carries two tow bodies which are IR & RF
signature augmented
• Maximum maneuverability :3g
• Structural limit load factor : 6g
• Maximum all up weight (incl. Tow bodies) : 705 kg
• Booster thrust : 3750 kgf
• Sustainer thrust at sea level : 420 kgf
• Fuel capacity : 190 kg
• Endurance at 1.5 km at 0.56 Mach : 50 min
• Maximum speed in clean configuration: 0.65 Mach
• Max. speed in one stow + one tow configuration : 0.5 Mach
• Maximum altitude – clean configuration : 9 km
• Maximum altitude with Tow bodies : 5 km
• Minimum altitude : 300 mtr
• Rate of climb at sea level : > 25 m/s

Ground Control Station (GCS) for Lakshya

• Generates a parameter display and trajectory display


for pilot to remotely fly Lakshya
• Built in Simulator to train pilots for flying Lakshya
• Tracking System provides the command uplink,
telemetry downlink & tracks Lakshya during mission
• Acoustic Miss Distance Indicator (AMDI) system
measures the miss distance of projectiles from
airborne targets & evaluates the proficiency of the
artillery crew.
FCS for manned Combat Aircraft—Tejas
DIGITAL FLIGHT CONTROL COMPUTER (DFCC)
• Intel 80960 mc based quad redundant
• Extensive analog and discrete interfaces with actuators,
sensors, cockpit controls and indicators
• High performance analog servo systems
• MIL-STD-1552B interface to avionics
• Cross channel data link for redundancy management

DFCS SOFTWARE
• Executes identically in all channels synchronously in hard real time
• Developed as per DoD Standard
• Ada is used as HLL as per MIL-STD-1815A
• In- house developed process methodologies to ensure 100 per cent CSU/CSC testing
capability

AIR DATA COMPUTER (ADC) –HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE


• Intel 80960 mc based quad redundant ADC
• Built-in pressure transducers and signal conditioning interface
• Rotary Variable Differential Transformer sensor interface for
Angle Of Attack (AOA) sensors
• ADC software : air data computations on static and total
pressures, AOA, angle of sideslip & total air temperature

ACTUATORS

• LCA has total 13 actuators


• Comprise Elevon, rudder, leading edge slats, and
airbrake actuators
• Elevons are quad electrical redundant
• Rudders are dual hydraulic redundant
• Slat and airbrake actuators are dual electric
redundant single hydraulic
• Redundancy management is done by the OFP software
SENSORS

• inertial sensors comprise of quad redundant rate sensor


assembly (RSA)
• RSA comprises of 12 rate gyros for sensing pitch, roll,
Yaw rates,
• Quad redundant acceleration sensor assembly (ASA)
package comprising eight accelerometers for sensing
lateral and normal acceleration.
• Two angle of attack sensors
• One total air temperature probe,
• Two-side air data probes and one nose air data probe

Rate Gyro
Mini-Bird (MB)

• Real-time engineer-in-the-loop ground test facility


for carrying out closed-loop hardware/software
integration of the FCS
• Includes high fidelity LCA mathematical model

Engineering Test Station (ETS)

• Multi-processor-based real-time, automatic/ manual test


station
• Used for the functional verification of FCS
• Capability to simulate, stimulate, monitor and generate
failure for all the inputs/outputs of the DFCC
• Used for acceptance testing and real-time
hardware/software integration of the DFCC, system
integration, and testing of the LCA-FCS
• Can replace some or all simulated sensors and actuators
with real hardware
• Interfaces with the mini-bird and iron-bird test facilities to
monitor the DFCC performance during closed-loop & pilot-
in-the-loop testing
SIMULATORS
LCA MISSION SIMULATOR
• Real Time Simulator, set up inside a 9 meter diameter dome
• Works as an engineering simulator for HQ evaluation, mission profile planning &
execution and air combat simulation studies
• Visual cue generates seamless out-of-the-window view for the pilot with a FOV of
180° (Azimuth) x 80° (Elevation)
• Audio cues generated include the simulation of aircraft engine noise, tyre screech
sound, landing gear thud, etc.

AERODYNAMICS
• Study of Qualitative Requirements

• Aerodynamic configuration design


- Airfoil design using CFD tool – MSES
- Wing design using CFD tool – VSAERO
- Airframe design using engg code – AAA

• Wind tunnel testing


- Design and fabrication of scaled down model
- Testing using wind tunnel facilities

• Flight performance evaluation


• Post flight data analysis
Mechanical Design Of UAVs
• Conceptual Design of UAVs
• 3D CAD modeling & Detailed Design
• Structural & Thermal Analysis
using CAE techniques
• Design and synthesis of
mechanisms & LRUs
• Experimental Validation

FCS FOR CONTROLLED AERIAL DELIVERY SYSTEM


(CADS)

• Delivers a payload of 500kg autonomously


to a designated target
• Circular error probability : within 100 m
• Manual and Autonomous modes of
operation
• Low cost sensors based navigation
• Energy management maneuver based
guidance for altitude control

COMPOSITE TECHNOLOGIES

Design & Development of lightweight composite


airframe components for different UAV programs
through conventional as well as novel fabrication
processes like Resin Infusion Molding (RIM)