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Université Amar Telidji de Laghouat

Année Univ: 2020/2021 Correction du Séries N◦ 01 Faculté des Technologies


Programme: Analyse 3 Calcule des Intégrales en R3 Dépa: Sciences Techniques
Sections: G ⊕ H ⊕ L Les Intégrales dans R3 Niveau: 2année ST

Exercice 1 En utilisant le changement de variable, calculer les valeurs des intégrales suivantes:
R
1. √ x dx, t = 2x2 − 1;
2x2 −1

t = 2x2 − 1 ⇒ dt = 4xdx;




 R R 1 dt R
= √ = 1 = t+C ,
 √ x
 dt 1
dx 4
4

2
2x −1 √
2 t t



= 12 2x2 − 1 + C; ∀x ∈ D f


R1 √
2. 0 x x2 + 1dx, t = x2 + 1;

 tR = x√+ 1 ⇒ dt = R2xdx;√ x = 0 ⇒ t = 1; x = 1 ⇒ t = 2

 2
i ,

1 2 1 h √ i2 h √
 0 x x2 + 1dx = 1 2 tdt = 31 t t = 13 2 2 − 1 .


1

R1 √
3. 1 − x2 dx, x = cos(t);
0

x = cos(t) ⇒ dx = − sin (t) dt; x = 0 ⇒ t = π2 ; x = 1 ⇒ t = 0





π π π

,
 R1 √

R2 R2 R2 1−cos(2t)
π
p
1 − x 2 dx = sin (t) 1 − cos2 (t)dt = sin 2
(t) dt = dt = .



 2 4

0 0 0 0
π
π
R
4. 0
4
ln (1 + tan x) dx, t = 4
− x;

t = π4 − x ⇒ dx = −dt; x = 0 ⇒ t = π4 ; x = π4 ⇒ t = 0


π π



 R π4 R4    R4  
π
= + = + = +
 1−tan t
I ln (1 tan x) dx ln 1 tan − t dt ln 1 dt


4 1+tan t

 0

 0 0
 π π π π

 R4   R4 R4 R4
= ln 1+tan 2
dt = (ln 2 − ln (1 + tan t)) dt = − ln (1 + tan t) dt + ln 2dt




 t
0 0 0 0


= −I + π4 ln 2 ⇒ I = π8 ln 2


,
R π
5. 0
4 cos x
sin x+cos x
dx, t = tan x.;

t = tan x ⇒ dt = 1 + tan2 x dx = 1 + t2 dx; x = 0 ⇒ t = 0; x = π4 ⇒ t = 1


  


R1 R1 R1 


 R π4 
cos x
= 1
= 1 1
= 1 1
+ 1−t




 0 sin x+cos x
dx 1+tan x
dx 1+t (1+t2 )
dt 2 1+t 1+t2
dt
0 0 0
,



 R1 R1 R1 R1 R1
= 2 1+t dt + 2 1+t2 dt = 2 1+t dt + 2 1+t2 dt − 2 1+t2 dt
1 1 1 1−t 1 1 1 1 1 t





0 0 0 0 0


1
= 21 [ln (1 + t)]10 + 12 [arctan t]10 − 14 ln 1 + t2 0 = 14 ln 2 + π8

 

1
R (x2 )0
A0
R R
x
= 1
= 1
= 21 arctan A = 12 arctan x2 + C, t = x2

6. x4 +1
dx 2 2 dx 2 (A)2 +1
dx
(x2 ) +1
R
7. √ dx = arcsin x + C, x = sin t
1−x2

R R (x2 )0 R 0 R +∞
= 12 x2 +4 dx = 12 A+4
x A
dx = 12 ln (A + 4) = 1
ln x2 + 4 + C ⇒ 0 x
=

8. x2 +4
dx 2 x2 +4
dx
+∞, t = x2 ;
R
9. x cos x2 + 1 dx = 21 sin x2 + 1 + C, t = x2 + 1;
 

R1
ex ex
R
10. ex +1
dx = ln (ex + 1) + C ⇒ 0 ex +1
dx = ln (e + 1) − ln 2, t = ex + 1;
R (ln x)3
Re (ln x)3
11. x
dx = 14 ln4 x + C ⇒ 1 x
dx = 14 ;
R 2π q
12. 0
1+cos x
2
dx =4

Exercice 2 En utilisant la méthode d’intégration par parti, calculer les intégrales suivantes:
R
1. x (cos x) dx;

Z Z Z
0
x (cos x) dx = x (sin x) dx = (x sin x) − 1. (sin x) dx
= (x sin x) + cos x + C
R
2. (arctan x) dx;

Z Z Z
x
(arctan x) dx = x (arctan x) dx = x (arctan x) −
0
dx
1 + x2
1  
= x (arctan x) − ln 1 + x2
2
R
3. (ln x) dx = x (ln x − 1) + C;

Z Z Z
x
(ln x) dx = x (ln x) dx = x (ln x) −
0
dx
x
= x (ln x) − x + C
R
4. x (sin x) dx = sin x − x cos x + C;

Z Z Z
0
x (sin x) dx = x (− cos x) dx = −x (cos x) − −x0 (cos x) dx
Z
= −x (cos x) + (cos x) dx = −x (cos x) + sin x + C

2
R
5. xex dx = ex (x − 1) + C;
R √ 3
6. x x + 1dx = 152 (3x − 2) (x + 1) 2 + C;
R
7. ex (sin x) dx = 12 (sin x − cos x) ex + C.
Z Z Z
x 0
e (sin x) dx =
x
(e ) (sin x) dx = e (sin x) dx −
x
ex (cos x) dx =
Z
= e (sin x) dx −
x
(ex )0 (cos x) dx
Z
= e (sin x) dx − e (cos x) +
x x
ex (cos x)0 dx
Z
= e (sin x) − e (cos x) −
x x
ex (sin x) dx
Z
⇒ 2 ex (sin x) dx = ex (sin x − cos x)
Z
1
⇒ ex (sin x) dx = ex (sin x − cos x) + C
2

Exercice 3 Calculer les intégrales doubles sur l’ensemble D dans tous les cas suivantes:
! 2 h i
x +2 π
1. y +1
2 dxdy, D = [−1, +1] × 0, 4
;
D
  π4
"
 1 
x +2
2 Z  Z  1 ! 
1 1  π4  14

    
= 2
+  = 3
+ =
 
dxdy x dx dy x y

 2 
  2x arctan
y2 + 1   y2 + 1 
 0
  3 −1 3
D −1 0
!
x3 +2
2. y+1
dxdy, D = [−1, +1] × [0, 1] ;
D

"
 1  1 
x +23 Z   Z 1 ! 
1 1 4
  
1 
dxdy =  x + 2 dx 
3
dy = x + 2x ln y + 1 0 = 4 + ln 2
    
y+1   y + 1  4 −1
D −1 0
!
3. 1
2 dxdy, D = [0, 1] × [0, 1] ;
D (x+y+1)

" Z1 Z1 Z1 Z1
 
1 1 1

2 dxdy = dxdy = dy
2  dx
 
2 
x+y+1 x+y+1 x+y+1

 
D 0 0 0 0
Z1 " #1 Z1 !
−1 1 1
= dx = − dx
x+y+1 (x + 1) (x + 2)

0
0 0
1
= [ln (x + 1) − ln (x + 2)]0 = 2 ln 2 − ln 3

3
!
x2 cos y dxdy;

4.
[0,1]×[0, π2 ]

  π2
"
 1 
Z Z  1 ! 
1 π  1

  
  
x cos y dxdy =  x dx  cos ydy =
2 2 3
sin y 02 =
  
x

    3 0 3
[0,1]×[0, π2 ] 0 0
!
5. y2 (sin x) dxdy;
[0,1]×[0, π2 ]
 π
"

 Z1

Z2  π2 !   π3
1
 
y2 (sin x) dxdy =  y2 dy  sin xdx = y3 [− cos x]10 = (1 + cos 1)

 
  
    3 0 24
[0,1]×[0, π2 ] 0 0
!
x + y dxdy, D = x, y ∈ R2 / x2 + y2 ≤ 1 ;
  
6.
D

"
 1 2π 
Z Z  1 ! 
1 3

  
x + y dxdy =  r cos θ + r sin θ rdrdθ = [sin θ − cos θ]2π =0

r
 
0
  3 0
D 0 0
!
2x + 3y dxdy, D = x, y ∈ R2 / x2 + y2 ≤ 1 ;
  
7.
D

"
 1 2π 
Z Z  1 ! 
1 3

  
2x + 3y dxdy =  2r cos θ + 3r sin θ rdrdθ = [2 sin θ − 3 cos θ]2π =0

r
 
0
  3 0
D 0 0
!
x2 + y2 dxdy, D = x, y ∈ R2 / 0 ≤ x ≤ 1, 0 ≤ y ≤ x ;
  
8.
D

"  Z1 Zx  Z1 
 
1 3 x
   !
x + y dxdy =
2 2
x + y dy dx =
2 2
x y+ y
2
dx

 


  3 0
D 0 0 0
Z1 
1 3 1 4

= x + x dx = 1 + = .
3
3 3 3
0
! h i h i
sin x + y dxdy, D = 0, π2 × 0, π2 ;

9.
D

π  π π
"

Z2 Z2  Z2 
 π2 
sin x + y dxdy =  sin x + y dy dx = +
   
  − cos x y 0
dx
 
D 0 0 0
π
2
 π
π π 2
Z     
= cos (x) − cos x + dx = sin x − sin x + = 1.
2 2 0
0

4
!
y sin(x)dxdy, D = x, y ∈ R2 /x ≤ 1, y ≥ 0 et y2 ≤ x ;
 
10.
D

 √
"

Z1 Z x  Z1   √x 
 1 2
y sin(x)dxdy =  y sin (x) dy dx =
 
 y sin (x)  dx
   2 0

 
D 0 0 0
Z1
1 1
= (x sin (x)) dx = [(−x cos x + sin x)]10 = sin 1 − cos 1
2 2
0

!
11. x3 y2 dxdy, D est le triangle de sommets O (0, 0) , A (1, 0) , B (0, 1) ;
D

On a n o
D= x, y ∈ R2 / 0 ≤ x ≤ 1; 0 ≤ y ≤ −x + 1


donc
"
 −x+1
Z1  Z Z1 

−x+1 !
1

x3 y2 dxdy = x3 y2 dy dx = x3 y3 dx

 
3

  0
D 0 0 0
Z1
1 1 1 7 1 6 3 5 1 4 1
   
= x3 (−x + 1)3 dx = − x + x − x + x
3 3 7 2 5 4 0
0
1 1 1 3 1 1
 
= − + − + = .
3 7 2 5 4 420
! 2 2
12. (-a-) e−x −y dxdy, D = [0, +∞[ × [0, +∞[ ;
D √
R∞ 2 π
(-b-) puis en déduire la valeure de l’intégrale: 0
e−x dx = 2
;

(-a-) Utilisons le changement de variables le suivant:

x = r cos θ



y = r sin θ






 dxdy = rdrdθ,
 0 ≤ r < +∞, 0 ≤ θ ≤ π


2

π
" Z+∞Z+∞ ZA Z2
2 2 2 2 2
e−x −y dxdy = e−x −y dxdy = lim re−r drdθ =
A→+∞
D 0 0 0 0
 +∞ 
π  π 1 −r2 A π
 Z   
−r2 
=  re dr = lim
 − e =
2   A→+∞ 2 2 0 4
0

5
R∞ √
2 π
(-b-) en déduire la valeure de l’intégrale: 0
e−x dx = 2
;

"
 +∞
Z+∞ Z+∞
 
Z 
−x2 −y2 −x2 −y2
e dxdy =  e dx   e dy
   
  
  
D 0 0 0
 +∞ 2
Z+∞ √
π π
Z 
2 2
=  e dx = ⇒
−x
e dx =
−x
 
  4 2
0 0
! 3
xye y dxdy, D = x, y ∈ R2 / 0 ≤ x ≤ 1; x2 ≤ y ≤ 1 ;
 
13.
D

n o
D = x, y ∈ R2 / 0 ≤ x ≤ 1; x2 ≤ y ≤ 1

n √ o
= x, y ∈ R2 / 0 ≤ y ≤ 1; 0 ≤ x ≤ y ≤ 1


 √
" Z1 Z y

 Z1   √y
3 3 1 3
xye y dxdy =  xye y dx dy = x2 ye y dy =

 

  2 0
D 0 0 0
Z1 1
1 1 3 1

2 y3
= y e dy = e y = (e − 1) .
2 6 0 6
0
!
√ 1
dxdy, D = x, y ∈ R2 / x2 + y2 ≤ 1 ;
 
14.
1+x2 +y2
D

Utilisons le changement de variables le suivant:

x = r cos θ



y = r sin θ






 dxdy = rdrdθ,
 0 ≤ r < 1, 0 ≤ θ ≤ 2π

" Z1 Z2π Z1 h√
1 rdrdθ rdr i1
dxdy = √ = 2π √ = 2π 1 + r2
1 + x2 + y2
p
1 + r2 1 + r2 0
D 0 0 0
√ 
= 2π 2 − 1 .

Exercice 4 1. Calculer l’aire de la partie D de l’ensemble R2 définie par

y2
( 2
)
2 x
D = x, y ∈ R / 2 + 2 ≤ 1 ;

a b

6
(Aire d’une ellipse s’obtient du cercle: x2 + y2 = 1)
Utilisons le changement de variables le suivant:

x = ar (cos θ)



y = br (sin θ)






 dxdy = abrdrdθ,
 0 ≤ r < 1, 0 ≤ θ ≤ 2π

" Z1 Z2π 1
1 2

Aire(D) = dxdy = abrdrdθ = 2πab r = πab.
2 0
D 0 0
n √ √ o
2. Calculer l’aire de la parti D de l’ensemble R+2 définie par D = x, y ∈ R+2 / x + y ≤ 1 ;


n √ √ o
D = x, y ∈ R+2 / x + y ≤ 1

  √ 2 
= x, y ∈ R+2 / 0 ≤ y ≤ 1 − x et 0 ≤ x ≤ 1 ;


√ 2
" Z x)
Z1 (1− Z1 
√ 2
Aire(D) = dxdy = dxdy = 1 − x dx
D 0 0 0
1
1 4 3 1

= x + x2 − x 2 =
2 3 0 6
!
y2 dxdy, D = x, y ∈ R2 / x2 + y2 ≤ R2 ; (Le moment d’inertie par rapport à x0 Ox).
 
3.
D
Utilisons le changement de variables le suivant:

x = r cos θ



y = r sin θ






 dxdy = rdrdθ,
 0 ≤ r < R, 0 ≤ θ ≤ 2π

" ZR Z2π ZR Z2π ZR   Z2π


y2 dxdy = (r sin θ)2 rdrdθ = (sin θ)2 r3 drdθ = r3 dr (sin θ)2 dθ
D 0 0 0 0 0 0
ZR  2π
sin 2θ 2π πR4
 Z 1 − cos 2θ  R 
1 1

= 3
r dr dθ = r4 θ− =
2 4 0 2 4 0 4
0 0
2
R
= Aire (cercle)
4

Exercice 5 Calculer les intégrales triples dans les cas suivantes:

7
!
1. 1
3 dxdydz, D = [0, 1] × [0, 1] × [0, 1] ;
D (x+y+z+1)

Z1 Z1 Z1 Z1 Z1  
dxdydz −1 1 1
=
 
3  2 − 2  dxdy
x+y+z+1 2 x+y+2 x+y+1

0 0 0 0 0
Z1  r
1 2 1 1 32

= − − − dx = ln .
2 x+2 x+1 x+3 27
0
!
2. 1
2 dxdydz, D = [0, 1] × [0, 1] × [0, 1] ;
D (x+y+z+1)

Z1 Z1 Z1 Z1 Z1 " #
dxdydz 1 1
2 = − −  dxdy
x+y+z+1 x+y+2 x+y+1
0 0 0 0 0
Z1
= − (ln (x + 3) − 2 ln (x + 2) + ln (x + 1)) dx
0
#1
−x + (x + 3) ln (x + 3) + 2x − 2 (x + 2) ln (x + 2)
"
= −
−x + (x + 1) ln (x + 1) 0
= 9 ln 3 − 14 ln 2
# p
x2 + y2 + z2 dxdydz, V = x, y, z ∈ R3 / x2 + y2 + z2 = 1 ;
 
3.
V

Utilisons le changement de variables le suivant:

x = r cos ϕ cos θ,



y = r sin ϕ cos θ,




z = r sin θ,






 x 2
+ y2 + z2 = r2
dxdydz = r2 sin θdrdϕdθ,





 0 ≤ r < R, 0 ≤ θ ≤ π, 0 ≤ ϕ ≤ 2π

$ q ZR Z2π Zπ √
x2 + y2 + z2 dxdydz = r2 (sin θ) r2 drdϕdθ =
V 0 0 0
 R   2π   π 
Z  Z  Z 
=  r3 dr  dϕ  (sin θ) dθ
   
   
0 0 0
R
1 4

= r (2π) (− cos θ)π0 = πR4
4 0

8
#
√ 1
dxdydz, V = x, y, z ∈ R3 / x2 + y2 + z2 ≤ 1 ;
 
4.
x2 +y2 +z2
V

Utilisons le changement de variables le suivant:

x = r cos ϕ cos θ,



y = r sin ϕ cos θ,




z = r sin θ,






 x + y2 + z2 = r2
2

dxdydz = r2 sin θdrdϕdθ,







 0 ≤ r < 1, 0 ≤ θ ≤ π, 0 ≤ ϕ ≤ 2π

$ Z1 Z2π Zπ
1 1
dxdydz = √ (sin θ) r2 drdϕdθ =
x2 + y2 + z2
p
r2
V 0 0 0
 1   2π   π 
Z  Z  Z 
=  rdr  dϕ  (sin θ) dθ
    
 
    
   
0 0 0
1
1 2

r (2π) (− cos θ)π0 = 2π.
=
2 0
#
dxdydz, V = x, y, z ∈ R3 / x2 + y2 + z2 = a2 ; (Volume de la boule de center o et de
 
5.
V
rayon a)

Utilisons le changement de variables le suivant:

x = r cos ϕ cos θ,



y = r sin ϕ cos θ,




z = r sin θ,






 x + y2 + z2 = r2
2

dxdydz = r2 sin θdrdϕdθ,







 0 ≤ r < a, 0 ≤ θ ≤ π, 0 ≤ ϕ ≤ 2π

$ Za Z2π Zπ
dxdydz = (sin θ) r2 drdϕdθ =
V 0 0 0
 a   2π   π 
Z  Z  Z 
=  r2 dr  dϕ  (sin θ) dθ
   
   
0 0 0
 a
1 3 4
= r (2π) (− cos θ)π0 = πa3 .
3 0 3
# n o
dxdydz, V = x, y, z ∈ R3 / 12 x2 + 31 y2 + z2 = a2 ; (Volume d’un courbe ellipsoïde).

6.
V

9
Utilisons le changement de variables le suivant:
 √


 x = √2r cos ϕ cos θ,
y = 3r sin ϕ cos θ,





z = r sin θ,



x + y2 + z2 = r2
2




dxdydz = r2 sin θdrdϕdθ,




 0 ≤ r < a, 0 ≤ θ ≤ π, 0 ≤ ϕ ≤ 2π

$ Za Z2π Zπ

dxdydz = 6 (sin θ) r2 drdϕdθ =
V 0 0 0
 a   2π   π 
√   Z 
 Z 
 Z 
= 6  r2 dr  dϕ  (sin θ) dθ

   
0 0 0
√  1 a 4√
= 6 r3 (2π) (− cos θ)π0 = 6πa3 .
3 0 3
 Ì       
AÓ A«ñ
K éîE
 A‚Ó
. †Q¢. l . 'AªJ¯ éJ
®J.Ë@ AÓ@ 鮫A’ÖÏ @ HCÓA¾JË@ H. A‚m Ì éÓA« h. XAÜ ß éKAë

A. Rahmoune

10