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Common IV complication/s: Signs & symptoms Treatment

Infiltration Coolness of skin around site, taut skin, dependent Inform your healthcare professional and they will
edema, absence of blood backflow, a pinkish blood administer appropriate care immediately. Infiltrated IVs
return, infusion rate slows but the fluid continues to are not a big problem usually unless the medication
infuse. being administered is very irritant, such as certain
chemotherapy and circulatory medicines. The
intravenous infusion must be stopped, obviously, to avoid
putting any more fluid or medication into the tissues.
Another IV may need to be started elsewhere.

Phlebitis Redness at site, site warm to touch, local swelling,


palpable cord along the vein, sluggish infusion rate,
increase in basal temperature of 1 degree C or more.
Thrombophlebitis Sluggish flow rate, edema in the limbs, tender and Treatment of phlebitis and thrombophlebitis is aimed at
cordlike vein, site warm to touch, visible red line above relief of the symptoms including: anti-inflammatory
venipunture site, diminished arterial pulses, and medicine, such as ibuprofen, acetaminophen for pain, or
mottling and cyanosis of the extremities. local heat. If the condition worsens, especially if pain or
the area of redness increases, medical attention should
definitely be sought.

Thrombosis Fever and malaise, slowed or stopped infusion rate,


inability to flush licking device.
Local infection Redness and swelling at the site; possible exudate of See your healthcare provider immediately. Antibiotics
purulent material; increased quantity of white blood may be used to control the bacterial infection.
cells; elevated temperature.
Hematoma discoloration of the skin, site swelling and discomfort, A hematoma normally recovers over time (a few hours or
inability to advance the cannula all the way into the vein days) without treatment.
during insertion, resistance to positive pressure during
the lick flushing procedure.
Septicemia Fluctuating fever, tremors, chattering teeth, profuse Septicemia is a serious condition that requires a hospital
cold sweat, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal stay. You may be admitted to an intensive care unit
pain, tachycardia, increased respirations or (ICU).
hyperventilation, altered mental status, hypotension. Fluids and medicines are given by an IV to maintain the
blood pressure.Oxygen will be given. Antibiotics are used
to treat the infection.Plasma or other blood products may
be given to correct any clotting abnormalities.
Reference: http://www.netwellness.org/healthtopics/anesthesiology/ivcomplications.cfm