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Water Conservation

Movements in India
The Water situation in India, a few success stories
to laud and lots to think about ...
Current Situation
Current Situation
20% of the world's population do not have access to safe drinking water.
Current Situation
20% of the world's population do not have access to safe drinking water.
40% do not have sufficient water for adequate living and hygiene.
Current Situation
20% of the world's population do not have access to safe drinking water.
40% do not have sufficient water for adequate living and hygiene.
More than 2.2 million people die each year from diseases related to
contaminated drinking water.
Current Situation
20% of the world's population do not have access to safe drinking water.
40% do not have sufficient water for adequate living and hygiene.
More than 2.2 million people die each year from diseases related to
contaminated drinking water.
By 2050, water scarcity will affect 2 to 7 billion people out of total 9.3
billion.
Current Situation
20% of the world's population do not have access to safe drinking water.
40% do not have sufficient water for adequate living and hygiene.
More than 2.2 million people die each year from diseases related to
contaminated drinking water.
By 2050, water scarcity will affect 2 to 7 billion people out of total 9.3
billion.
India with 16% of the world's population has only 4% of the fresh water
resources.
Current Situation
20% of the world's population do not have access to safe drinking water.
40% do not have sufficient water for adequate living and hygiene.
More than 2.2 million people die each year from diseases related to
contaminated drinking water.
By 2050, water scarcity will affect 2 to 7 billion people out of total 9.3
billion.
India with 16% of the world's population has only 4% of the fresh water
resources.
Per capita availability of fresh water in India has dropped from 5,177 cubic
meters in 1951 to 1,820 cubic meters in 2001.
Current Situation
20% of the world's population do not have access to safe drinking water.
40% do not have sufficient water for adequate living and hygiene.
More than 2.2 million people die each year from diseases related to
contaminated drinking water.
By 2050, water scarcity will affect 2 to 7 billion people out of total 9.3
billion.
India with 16% of the world's population has only 4% of the fresh water
resources.
Per capita availability of fresh water in India has dropped from 5,177 cubic
meters in 1951 to 1,820 cubic meters in 2001.
Urban situation is no better. Water is rationed twice a week in Bangalore,
and for 30 minutes a day in Bhopal
Current Situation
20% of the world's population do not have access to safe drinking water.
40% do not have sufficient water for adequate living and hygiene.
More than 2.2 million people die each year from diseases related to
contaminated drinking water.
By 2050, water scarcity will affect 2 to 7 billion people out of total 9.3
billion.
India with 16% of the world's population has only 4% of the fresh water
resources.
Per capita availability of fresh water in India has dropped from 5,177 cubic
meters in 1951 to 1,820 cubic meters in 2001.
Urban situation is no better. Water is rationed twice a week in Bangalore,
and for 30 minutes a day in Bhopal
Two out of every three people on earth will have to live in water stressed
condition by the year 2025.
Current Situation
Current Situation
In many rural areas, women still
have to walk a distance of about
2.5 kms to reach the source of
water. On an average, a rural
woman walks more than 14000
km a year just to fetch water.
Current Situation
In many rural areas, women still
have to walk a distance of about
2.5 kms to reach the source of
water. On an average, a rural
woman walks more than 14000
km a year just to fetch water.
Water source being open dug
well, the quality of water is poor;
dirty, saline and has turbidity.
Current Situation
In many rural areas, women still
have to walk a distance of about
2.5 kms to reach the source of
water. On an average, a rural
woman walks more than 14000
km a year just to fetch water.
Water source being open dug
well, the quality of water is poor;
dirty, saline and has turbidity.
Girls of 8-10 years are not
spared. They cannot afford the
luxury of school.
Benefits of Water Harvesting
Conservation of rainwater recharges water table
Easier accessibility to water resources
Irrigation throughout the year leads to improved village
economics
Able to sustain livestock grazing round the year
Rejuvenates the rivers in nearby regions, hence further
improves irrigation and fisheries
Community water resources act as social temples
Active Workers
TARUN BHARAT SANGH (TBS)
Involved with creation of small local bodies to revive local water
resources

Jal Biradari

NAVDANYA
An awareness regime against unjust government policies

CENTRE FOR SCIENCE & ENVIRONMENT (CSE)


Created reports on basis of research & surveys to assess
usefulness of local water bodies and feasibility and impact of
government water policies
Tarun Bharat Sangh
Tarun Bharat Sangh
Involved in revitalization of 5 rivers around Alwar region like Arvari and
Ruparel.
Tarun Bharat Sangh
Involved in revitalization of 5 rivers around Alwar region like Arvari and
Ruparel.

Uses traditional water harvesting methods especially ‘Johads’ or small


earthen check dams.
Tarun Bharat Sangh
Involved in revitalization of 5 rivers around Alwar region like Arvari and
Ruparel.

Uses traditional water harvesting methods especially ‘Johads’ or small


earthen check dams.

For every Rs. 100 invested village economic production raised by Rs. 400.
Tarun Bharat Sangh
Involved in revitalization of 5 rivers around Alwar region like Arvari and
Ruparel.

Uses traditional water harvesting methods especially ‘Johads’ or small


earthen check dams.

For every Rs. 100 invested village economic production raised by Rs. 400.

Currently has 3000 water harvesting structures in 650 villages.


Tarun Bharat Sangh
Involved in revitalization of 5 rivers around Alwar region like Arvari and
Ruparel.

Uses traditional water harvesting methods especially ‘Johads’ or small


earthen check dams.

For every Rs. 100 invested village economic production raised by Rs. 400.

Currently has 3000 water harvesting structures in 650 villages.

Started the ‘Jal Biradari’ program in April 2001 to create awareness


among people regarding National Water Policy.
Tarun Bharat Sangh
Involved in revitalization of 5 rivers around Alwar region like Arvari and
Ruparel.

Uses traditional water harvesting methods especially ‘Johads’ or small


earthen check dams.

For every Rs. 100 invested village economic production raised by Rs. 400.

Currently has 3000 water harvesting structures in 650 villages.

Started the ‘Jal Biradari’ program in April 2001 to create awareness


among people regarding National Water Policy.

Against privatization of water resources and interlinking of rivers.


River Arvari and Johads

A community made ‘Johad’ in Alwar district under a program to save river ‘Arvari’. Earlier farmers were
not able to grow one crop a season, now they can grow two. Has helped in increasing ground water levels
in the region. Reduced migration by 80% as villagers stay back to cultivate their lands. Similar program
started in several villages. Since, 1996 Arvari river has become perennial allowing a natural growth of fish
numbers.
Privatization of Water Resources
World Bank loans for development of water resources
given on condition of privatization
Diversion of ground water to urban areas for industrial
usage
World Bank forcing governments to increase water
tariffs
75% of the World Bank loan of $388.09 million for first
phase of River Linking project (Ken-Betwa) to be
recovered from farmers in the form of ‘irrigation cess’,
‘betterment levy’ etc.
River Linking Project
Interlinking would lead to a permanent
drought proofing of the country
Raising the irrigation potential to equal
the current net sown area of about 150
million hectares
Mitigate the annual floods in Ganga and
Brahamputra
Add 34,000 MW of hydropower to the
national pool
Improved possibilities for inland
transportation
The movement claims that Ganga-
Bramaputra are not really water
abundant and site the examples of other
failed water projects in the world
So far could not see any major
repercussions except for large scale
relocation of people.
Questions?
Questions?
Should pure water be commoditized? Do you know about water
privatization in the New Water Policy?
Questions?
Should pure water be commoditized? Do you know about water
privatization in the New Water Policy?

Dropping water tables - what are the losses (qualitative and


quantitative)? What can be done?
Questions?
Should pure water be commoditized? Do you know about water
privatization in the New Water Policy?

Dropping water tables - what are the losses (qualitative and


quantitative)? What can be done?

How significant is the danger posed before the biological life/ecological


diversity?
Questions?
Should pure water be commoditized? Do you know about water
privatization in the New Water Policy?

Dropping water tables - what are the losses (qualitative and


quantitative)? What can be done?

How significant is the danger posed before the biological life/ecological


diversity?

What are the various ways to conserve water and river water level? How
effective they are (qualitative and quantitative)?
Questions?
Should pure water be commoditized? Do you know about water
privatization in the New Water Policy?

Dropping water tables - what are the losses (qualitative and


quantitative)? What can be done?

How significant is the danger posed before the biological life/ecological


diversity?

What are the various ways to conserve water and river water level? How
effective they are (qualitative and quantitative)?

River Linking Project - Gains and Losses?


Questions?
Should pure water be commoditized? Do you know about water
privatization in the New Water Policy?

Dropping water tables - what are the losses (qualitative and


quantitative)? What can be done?

How significant is the danger posed before the biological life/ecological


diversity?

What are the various ways to conserve water and river water level? How
effective they are (qualitative and quantitative)?

River Linking Project - Gains and Losses?

Nationwide social movement for conservation of water - is it a feasible? (I


guess not for discussion just for thought)
What can we do?