Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 4

c   p


Æ 


 
 


 

Ecotourism is responsible travel to fragile, pristine, and usually protected


areas that strive to be low impact and (often) small scale (as an alternative to mass
tourism). Its purpose is to educate the traveler; provide funds for ecological
conservation; directly benefit the economic development and political empowerment
of local communities; and foster respect for different cultures and for human rights.
Since the 1980s ecotourism has been considered a critical endeavor by
environmentalists, so that future generations may experience destinations relatively
untouched by human intervention. [1] Several university programs use this description
as the working definition of ecotourism. [2]
Generally, ecotourism focuses on volunteering, or volunteerisms, personal growth
and environmental responsibility. Ecotourism typically involves travel to destinations
where flora, fauna, and cultural heritage are the primary attractions. One of the goals
of ecotourism is to offer tourists insight into the impact of human beings on the
environment, and to foster a greater appreciation of our natural habitats.
Responsible ecotourism includes programs that minimize the negative aspects of
conventional tourism on the environment and enhance the cultural integrity of local
people. Therefore, in addition to evaluating environmental and cultural factors, an
integral part of ecotourism is the promotion of recycling, energy efficiency, water
conservation, and creation of economic opportunities fo r local communities. [3] For
these reasons, ecotourism often appeals to environmental and social responsibility
advocates.


    
 

This research deals with the economic ecotourism in the country:

Specifically, this investigation seeks answer to the following questions:

1. What would be the negative impact of economic ecotourism in the


Philippines?
2. How the economic ecotourism impact affects the Philippin es?

   

There are two related, but distinct, economic concepts in ecotourism:


economic impact and economic value. This issues paper focuses on economic
impact, which refers to the change in sales, income, jobs, or other parameter
generated by ecotourism. A common ecotourism goal is the generation of economic
c   ^

benefits, whether they be profits for companies, jobs for communities, or revenues
for parks. Ecotourism plays a particularly important role because it can create jobs in
remote regions that historically have b enefited less from economic development
programs than have more populous areas. Even a small number of jobs may be
significant in communities where populations are low and alternatives are few.
This economic impact can increase political and financial supp ort for conservation.
Protected areas and nature conservation generally, provide many benefits to society,
including preservation of biodiversity, maintenance of watersheds, and so on.
Unfortunately, many of these benefits are intangible. However, the bene fits
associated with recreation and tourism in protected areas tends to be tangible. For
example, divers at a marine park spend money on lodging, food, and other goods
and services, thereby providing employment for local and non -local residents. These
positive economic impacts can lead to increased support for the protected areas with
which they are associated. This is one reason why ecotourism has been embraced
as a means for enhancing conservation of natural resources.


       

This study is limited to its scope in the determination of the constituent of the
economic ecotourism impact in the Philippines.

Specifically, the investigation involves the following:

1. The benefits of economic ecotourism in the Philippines.


2. The negative impact of economic ecotourism in the Philippines.

   
 

  
 It refers to the responsible travel to fragile, pristine, and usually
protected areas that strive to be low impact and (often) small scale (as an alternative
to mass tourism).

     . It refers to the increase in the standard of living in a


nation's population with sustained growth from a simple, low -income economy to a
modern, high-income economy

   . It refers in to the processing of used materials (waste) into new
products to prevent waste of potentially useful materials, reduce the consumption of
fresh raw materials, reduce energy usage, reduce air pollution (from incineration)
and water pollution (from land filling) by reducing the need for "conventional" waste
disposal, and lower greenhouse gas emissions as compared to virgin production.


 It refers to the "Rights and freedoms to which all humans are
entitled."
c   º

Æ 
    It refers to the scientific study of the nature and
status of Earth's biodiversity with the aim of protecting species, their habitats,
and ecosystems from excessive rates of extinction.
c   ·

ÿ
!"  
 

1. # HoneyΫ ΫΥ, Martha (2008). " 


  
 
 

    (Second ed.). Washington, DC: Island Press. p. 33. ISBN
1597261254 ISBN 978-1597261258 .
2. # Untamed Path Defining Ecotourism. Retrieved on 2009 -03-24.
3. ^ Randall, A. (1987). 9    
     . New York, USA: John
Wiley and Sons.
4. # also to do with social sustainability Honey, Martha (2008). " 

 

 
   (Second ed.). Washington, DC:
Island Press. pp. 29±31. ISBN 1597261254 ISBN 978-1597261258.
5. ^         
        
Tuohino, A., and A. Hynonen (2001).   
    9            .
Nordia Geographical Publications. pp. º (4):21±34.
6. ^ Wight, P.A. (1993).      . Journal of Travel Research.
pp. º(3):3±9.
7. # Eadington, W.R., and V.L. Smith (1992).             
 
                      
 . Pennsylvania, USA: University of Pennsylvania Press.
8. ^ Crinion, D. (1998).          .
Adelaide, Australia: Down to Earth planning for an out -of-the-ordinary industry,
presented at the South Australian Ecotourism Forum.
9. # "Hector Ceballos -Lascurain". Planeta. Retrieved 2010 -12-09.
10.# ³´. "Conversation with Hector Ceballos -Lascurain". YouTube. Retrieved 2010 -12-
09.