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CODE OF PROFESSIONAL oppressed.

RESPONSIBILITY Rule 2.02 - In such cases,


(Promulgated June 21, even if the lawyer does
1988) not accept a case, he
shall not refuse to render
CHAPTER I. THE LAWYER AND legal advice to the person
SOCIETY concerned if only to the
CANON 1 - A LAWYER SHALL extent necessary to
UPHOLD THE CONSTITUTION, safeguard the latter's
OBEY THE LAWS OF THE LAND rights.
AND PROMOTE RESPECT FOR
LAW OF AND LEGAL Rule 2.03 - A lawyer shall
PROCESSES. not do or permit to be
Rule 1.01 - A lawyer shall done any act designed
not engage in unlawful, primarily to solicit legal
dishonest, immoral or business.
deceitful conduct.
Rule 1.02 - A lawyer shall Rule 2.04 - A lawyer shall
not counsel or abet not charge rates lower
activities aimed at than those customarily
defiance of the law or at prescribed unless the
lessening confidence in circumstances so warrant.
the legal system.
CANON 3 - A LAWYER IN
Rule 1.03 - A lawyer shall MAKING KNOWN HIS LEGAL
not, for any corrupt SERVICES SHALL USE ONLY
motive or interest, TRUE, HONEST, FAIR,
encourage any suit or DIGNIFIED AND OBJECTIVE
proceeding or delay any INFORMATION OR STATEMENT
man's cause. OF FACTS.
Rule 3.01 - A lawyer shall
Rule 1.04 - A lawyer shall not use or permit the use
encourage his clients to of any false, fraudulent,
avoid, end or settle a misleading, deceptive,
controversy if it will undignified, self-
admit of a fair laudatory or unfair
settlement. statement or claim
regarding his
CANON 2 - A LAWYER SHALL qualifications or legal
MAKE HIS LEGAL SERVICES services.
AVAILABLE IN AN EFFICIENT Rule 3.02 - In the choice
AND CONVENIENT MANNER of a firm name, no false,
COMPATIBLE WITH THE misleading or assumed name
INDEPENDENCE, INTEGRITY shall be used. The
AND EFFECTIVENESS OF THE continued use of the name
PROFESSION. of a deceased partner is
Rule 2.01 - A lawyer shall permissible provided that
not reject, except for the firm indicates in all
valid reasons, the cause its communications that
of the defenseless or the said partner is deceased.
Rule 3.03 - Where a suppression of facts or
partner accepts public the concealment of
office, he shall witnesses capable of
withdrawal from the firm establishing the innocence
and his name shall be of the accused is highly
dropped from the firm name reprehensible and is cause
unless the law allows him for disciplinary action.
to practice law currently. Rule 6.02 - A lawyer in
the government service
Rule 3.04 - A lawyer shall shall not use his public
not pay or give anything position to promote or
of value to advance his private
representatives of the interests, nor allow the
mass media in anticipation latter to interfere with
of, or in return for, his public duties.
publicity to attract legal
business. Rule 6.03 - A lawyer shall
not, after leaving
CANON 4 - A LAWYER SHALL government service, accept
PARTICIPATE IN THE engagement or employment
DEVELOPMENT OF THE LEGAL in connection with any
SYSTEM BY INITIATING OR matter in which he had
SUPPORTING EFFORTS IN LAW intervened while in said
REFORM AND IN THE service.
IMPROVEMENT OF THE
ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE. CHAPTER II. THE LAWYER AND
CANON 5 - A LAWYER SHALL THE LEGAL PROFESSION
KEEP ABREAST OF LEGAL
DEVELOPMENTS, PARTICIPATE CANON 7 - A LAWYER SHALL
IN CONTINUING LEGAL AT ALL TIMES UPHOLD THE
EDUCATION PROGRAMS, INTEGRITY AND DIGNITY OF
SUPPORT EFFORTS TO ACHIEVE THE LEGAL PROFESSION AND
HIGH STANDARDS IN LAW SUPPORT THE ACTIVITIES OF
SCHOOLS AS WELL AS IN THE THE INTEGRATED BAR.
PRACTICAL TRAINING OF LAW
STUDENTS AND ASSIST IN
DISSEMINATING THE LAW AND
JURISPRUDENCE.
Rule 7.01 - A lawyer shall
be answerable for
CANON 6 - THESE CANONS knowingly making a false
SHALL APPLY TO LAWYERS IN statement or suppressing a
GOVERNMENT SERVICES IN THE material fact in
DISCHARGE OF THEIR TASKS. connection with his
application for admission
Rule 6.01 - The primary to the bar.
duty of a lawyer engaged Rule 7.02 - A lawyer shall
in public prosecution is not support the
not to convict but to see application for admission
that justice is done. The to the bar of any person
known by him to be UNAUTHORIZED PRACTICE OF
unqualified in respect to LAW.
character, education, or
other relevant attribute.

Rule 7.03 - A lawyer shall Rule 9.01 - A lawyer shall


not engage in conduct that not delegate to any
adversely reflects on his unqualified person the
fitness to practice law, performance of any task
nor shall he whether in which by law may only be
public or private life, performed by a member of
behave in a scandalous the bar in good standing.
manner to the discredit of Rule 9.02 - A lawyer shall
the legal profession. not divide or stipulate to
divide a fee for legal
CANON 8 - A LAWYER SHALL services with persons not
CONDUCT HIMSELF WITH licensed to practice law,
COURTESY, FAIRNESS AND except:
CANDOR TOWARDS HIS
PROFESSIONAL COLLEAGUES, (a) Where there is a pre-
AND SHALL AVOID HARASSING existing agreement with a
TACTICS AGAINST OPPOSING partner or associate that,
COUNSEL. upon the latter's death,
money shall be paid over a
reasonable period of time
to his estate or to
Rule 8.01 - A lawyer shall persons specified in the
not, in his professional agreement; or
dealings, use language (b) Where a lawyer
which is abusive, undertakes to complete
offensive or otherwise unfinished legal business
improper. of a deceased lawyer; or
Rule 8.02 - A lawyer shall
not, directly or (c) Where a lawyer or law
indirectly, encroach upon firm includes non-lawyer
the professional employees in a retirement
employment of another plan even if the plan is
lawyer, however, it is the based in whole or in part,
right of any lawyer, on a profit sharing
without fear or favor, to agreement.
give proper advice and
assistance to those CHAPTER III. THE LAWYER
seeking relief against AND THE COURTS
unfaithful or neglectful
counsel. CANON 10 - A LAWYER OWES
CANDOR, FAIRNESS AND GOOD
CANON 9 - A LAWYER SHALL FAITH TO THE COURT.
NOT, DIRECTLY OR
INDIRECTLY, ASSIST IN THE
behavior before the
Rule 10.01 - A lawyer Courts.
shall not do any
falsehood, nor consent to Rule 11.04 - A lawyer
the doing of any in Court; shall not attribute to a
nor shall he mislead, or Judge motives not
allow the Court to be supported by the record or
misled by any artifice. have no materiality to the
Rule 10.02 - A lawyer case.
shall not knowingly
misquote or misrepresent Rule 11.05 - A lawyer
the contents of a paper, shall submit grievances
the language or the against a Judge to the
argument of opposing proper authorities only.
counsel, or the text of a
decision or authority, or
CANON 12 - A LAWYER SHALL
knowingly cite as law a
EXERT EVERY EFFORT AND
provision already rendered
CONSIDER IT HIS DUTY TO
inoperative by repeal or
ASSIST IN THE SPEEDY AND
amendment, or assert as a
EFFICIENT ADMINISTRATION
fact that which has not
OF JUSTICE.
been proved.

Rule 10.03 - A lawyer


shall observe the rules of
procedure and shall not Rule 12.01 - A lawyer
misuse them to defeat the shall not appear for trial
ends of justice. unless he has adequately
prepared himself on the
law and the facts of his
CANON 11 - A LAWYER SHALL case, the evidence he will
OBSERVE AND MAINTAIN THE adduce and the order of
RESPECT DUE TO THE COURTS its proferrence. He should
AND TO JUDICIAL OFFICERS also be ready with the
AND SHOULD INSIST ON original documents for
SIMILAR CONDUCT BY OTHERS. comparison with the
copies.
Rule 12.02 - A lawyer
shall not file multiple
Rule 11.01 - A lawyer actions arising from the
shall appear in court same cause.
properly attired.
Rule 11.02 - A lawyer Rule 12.03 - A lawyer
shall punctually appear at shall not, after obtaining
court hearings. extensions of time to file
pleadings, memoranda or
Rule 11.03 - A lawyer briefs, let the period
shall abstain from lapse without submitting
scandalous, offensive or the same or offering an
menacing language or explanation for his
failure to do so. HIS CAUSE AND REFRAIN FROM
ANY IMPROPRIETY WHICH
Rule 12.04 - A lawyer TENDS TO INFLUENCE, OR
shall not unduly delay a GIVES THE APPEARANCE OF
case, impede the execution INFLUENCING THE COURT.
of a judgment or misuse
Court processes.

Rule 12.05 - A lawyer Rule 13.01 - A lawyer


shall refrain from talking shall not extend
to his witness during a extraordinary attention or
break or recess in the hospitality to, nor seek
trial, while the witness opportunity for
is still under cultivating familiarity
examination. with Judges.
Rule 13.02 - A lawyer
Rule 12.06 - A lawyer shall not make public
shall not knowingly assist statements in the media
a witness to misrepresent regarding a pending case
himself or to impersonate tending to arouse public
another. opinion for or against a
party.
Rule 12.07 - A lawyer
shall not abuse, browbeat Rule 13.03 - A lawyer
or harass a witness nor shall not brook or invite
needlessly inconvenience interference by another
him. branch or agency of the
government in the normal
Rule 12.08 - A lawyer course of judicial
shall avoid testifying in proceedings.
behalf of his client,
except: CHAPTER IV. THE LAWYER AND
THE CLIENT
(a) on formal matters,
such as the mailing, CANON 14 - A LAWYER SHALL
authentication or custody NOT REFUSE HIS SERVICES TO
of an instrument, and the THE NEEDY.
like; or
(b) on substantial
matters, in cases where
his testimony is essential Rule 14.01 - A lawyer
to the ends of justice, in shall not decline to
which event he must, represent a person solely
during his testimony, on account of the latter's
entrust the trial of the race, sex. creed or status
case to another counsel. of life, or because of his
own opinion regarding the
CANON 13 - A LAWYER SHALL guilt of said person.
RELY UPON THE MERITS OF Rule 14.02 - A lawyer
shall not decline, except matter would involve a
for serious and sufficient conflict with another
cause, an appointment as client or his own
counsel de officio or as interest, and if so, shall
amicus curiae, or a forthwith inform the
request from the prospective client.
Integrated Bar of the Rule 15.02.- A lawyer
Philippines or any of its shall be bound by the rule
chapters for rendition of on privilege communication
free legal aid. in respect of matters
disclosed to him by a
Rule 14.03 - A lawyer may prospective client.
not refuse to accept
representation of an Rule 15.03. - A lawyer
indigent client if: shall not represent
conflicting interests
(a) he is not in a except by written consent
position to carry out the of all concerned given
work effectively or after a full disclosure of
competently; the facts.
(b) he labors under a
conflict of interest Rule 15.04. - A lawyer
between him and the may, with the written
prospective client or consent of all concerned,
between a present client act as mediator,
and the prospective conciliator or arbitrator
client. in settling disputes.

Rule 14.04 - A lawyer who Rule 15.05. - A lawyer


accepts the cause of a when advising his client,
person unable to pay his shall give a candid and
professional fees shall honest opinion on the
observe the same standard merits and probable
of conduct governing his results of the client's
relations with paying case, neither overstating
clients. nor understating the
CANON 15 - A LAWYER SHALL prospects of the case.
OBSERVE CANDOR, FAIRNESS
AND LOYALTY IN ALL HIS Rule 15.06. - A lawyer
DEALINGS AND TRANSACTIONS shall not state or imply
WITH HIS CLIENTS. that he is able to
influence any public
official, tribunal or
legislative body.
Rule 15.01. - A lawyer, in
conferring with a Rule 15.07. - A lawyer
prospective client, shall shall impress upon his
ascertain as soon as client compliance with the
practicable whether the laws and the principles of
fairness. the Rules of Court.

Rule 15.08. - A lawyer who Rule 16.04 - A lawyer


is engaged in another shall not borrow money
profession or occupation from his client unless the
concurrently with the client's interest are
practice of law shall make fully protected by the
clear to his client nature of the case or by
whether he is acting as a independent advice.
lawyer or in another Neither shall a lawyer
capacity. lend money to a client
except, when in the
CANON 16 - A LAWYER SHALL interest of justice, he
HOLD IN TRUST ALL MONEYS has to advance necessary
AND PROPERTIES OF HIS expenses in a legal matter
CLIENT THAT MAY COME INTO he is handling for the
HIS PROFESSION. client.

CANON 17 - A LAWYER OWES


FIDELITY TO THE CAUSE OF
Rule 16.01 - A lawyer HIS CLIENT AND HE SHALL BE
shall account for all MINDFUL OF THE TRUST AND
money or property CONFIDENCE REPOSED IN HIM.
collected or received for
or from the client. CANON 18 - A LAWYER SHALL
Rule 16.02 - A lawyer SERVE HIS CLIENT WITH
shall keep the funds of COMPETENCE AND DILIGENCE.
each client separate and
apart from his own and
those of others kept by
him. Rules 18.01 - A lawyer
shall not undertake a
Rule 16.03 - A lawyer legal service which he
shall deliver the funds knows or should know that
and property of his client he is not qualified to
when due or upon demand. render. However, he may
However, he shall have a render such service if,
lien over the funds and with the consent of his
may apply so much thereof client, he can obtain as
as may be necessary to collaborating counsel a
satisfy his lawful fees lawyer who is competent on
and disbursements, giving the matter.
notice promptly thereafter Rule 18.02 - A lawyer
to his client. He shall shall not handle any legal
also have a lien to the matter without adequate
same extent on all preparation.
judgments and executions
he has secured for his Rule 18.03 - A lawyer
client as provided for in shall not neglect a legal
matter entrusted to him, in handling the case.
and his negligence in
connection therewith shall CANON 20 - A LAWYER SHALL
render him liable. CHARGE ONLY FAIR AND
REASONABLE FEES.
Rule 18.04 - A lawyer
shall keep the client
informed of the status of
his case and shall respond Rule 20.01 - A lawyer
within a reasonable time shall be guided by the
to the client's request following factors in
for information. determining his fees:
(a) the time spent and the
CANON 19 - A LAWYER SHALL extent of the service
REPRESENT HIS CLIENT WITH rendered or required;
ZEAL WITHIN THE BOUNDS OF (b) the novelty and
THE LAW. difficulty of the
questions involved;

(c) The importance of the


Rule 19.01 - A lawyer subject matter;
shall employ only fair and
honest means to attain the (d) The skill demanded;
lawful objectives of his
client and shall not (e) The probability of
present, participate in losing other employment as
presenting or threaten to a result of acceptance of
present unfounded criminal the proffered case;
charges to obtain an
improper advantage in any
(f) The customary charges
case or proceeding.
for similar services and
Rule 19.02 - A lawyer who
the schedule of fees of
has received information
the IBP chapter to which
that his client has, in
he belongs;
the course of the
representation,
perpetrated a fraud upon a (g) The amount involved in
person or tribunal, shall the controversy and the
promptly call upon the benefits resulting to the
client to rectify the client from the service;
same, and failing which he
shall terminate the (h) The contingency or
relationship with such certainty of compensation;
client in accordance with
the Rules of Court. (i) The character of the
employment, whether
Rule 19.03 - A lawyer occasional or established;
shall not allow his client and
to dictate the procedure
(j) The professional him of the consequences of
standing of the lawyer. the disclosure;
(b) When required by law;
Rule 20.02 - A lawyer
shall, in case of (c) When necessary to
referral, with the consent collect his fees or to
of the client, be entitled defend himself, his
to a division of fees in employees or associates or
proportion to the work by judicial action.
performed and
responsibility assumed. Rule 21.02 - A lawyer
Rule 20.03 - A lawyer shall not, to the
shall not, without the disadvantage of his
full knowledge and consent client, use information
of the client, accept any acquired in the course of
fee, reward, costs, employment, nor shall he
commission, interest, use the same to his own
rebate or forwarding advantage or that of a
allowance or other third person, unless the
compensation whatsoever client with full knowledge
related to his of the circumstances
professional employment consents thereto.
from anyone other than the Rule 21.03 - A lawyer
client. shall not, without the
written consent of his
Rule 20.04 - A lawyer client, give information
shall avoid controversies from his files to an
with clients concerning outside agency seeking
his compensation and shall such information for
resort to judicial action auditing, statistical,
only to prevent bookkeeping, accounting,
imposition, injustice or data processing, or any
fraud. similar purpose.

CANON 21 - A LAWYER SHALL Rule 21.04 - A lawyer may


PRESERVE THE CONFIDENCE disclose the affairs of a
AND SECRETS OF HIS CLIENT client of the firm to
EVEN AFTER THE ATTORNEY- partners or associates
CLIENT RELATION IS thereof unless prohibited
TERMINATED. by the client.

Rule 21.05 - A lawyer


shall adopt such measures
Rule 21.01 - A lawyer as may be required to
shall not reveal the prevent those whose
confidences or secrets of services are utilized by
his client except; him, from disclosing or
(a) When authorized by the using confidences or
client after acquainting secrets of the clients.
Rule 21.06 - A lawyer or fails to comply with
shall avoid indiscreet the retainer agreement;
conversation about a
client's affairs even with (f) When the lawyer is
members of his family. elected or appointed to
public office; and (g)
Rule 21.07 - A lawyer Other similar cases.
shall not reveal that he
has been consulted about a Rule 22.02 - A lawyer who
particular case except to withdraws or is discharged
avoid possible conflict of shall, subject to a
interest. retainer lien, immediately
turn over all papers and
CANON 22 - A LAWYER SHALL property to which the
WITHDRAW HIS SERVICES ONLY client is entitled, and
FOR GOOD CAUSE AND UPON shall cooperative with his
NOTICE APPROPRIATE IN THE successor in the orderly
CIRCUMSTANCES. transfer of the matter,
including all information
necessary for the proper
handling of the matter.
Rule 22.01 - A lawyer may
withdraw his services in
any of the following case:
(a) When the client
pursues an illegal or
immoral course of conduct
in connection with the
matter he is handling;
(b) When the client
insists that the lawyer
pursue conduct violative
of these canons and rules;

(c) When his inability to


work with co-counsel will
not promote the best
interest of the client;

(d) When the mental or


physical condition of the
lawyer renders it
difficult for him to carry
out the employment
effectively;

(e) When the client


deliberately fails to pay
the fees for the services