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T ER

AP
Algebraic
3
CH

Expressions II

1. Identify the unknowns in each of the following algebraic terms.


(a) xyz (b) –4x2y2z

2. Write each of the following algebraic terms as a product of the unknowns with the
number.
(a) 5pq2r (b) 6p2q2r
= =

3. Simplify each of the following as a term.


(a) –4 × p × q × r × r (b) 4.7 × a × b × b × b
= =

4. Identify the coefficients in each of the following algebraic terms.


(a) (b)
Algebraic term 4mnp p2q2r2
Unknown mn p2
Coefficient

5. Based on the list given below, group the like terms into the boxes given.
5x2y2 7x2 6xy2 –4pqr —1 18xy2
4x
4xy 3x 1.2pq 2pqr –4pq –2x2y

(a) (b) (c) (d) (e)

6. For each of the algebraic terms given, write another 3 possible like terms.
Algebraic term Like terms
(a) 2pqr
(b) 7xy

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7. Find the product for each of the following.
7 5
15 a × 20b
(a) — (b) –18p1—
9  qr2
= =
28 2 — 20
(c) –3.6xy(2x2y) 15 mn × 7 m
(d) —
= =

8. Find the quotient for each of the following.


(a) –38x2y2 ÷ (–8y) (b) 6mn ÷ 20n
= =
3 2 15 2 25 2
(c) 27p2q3 ÷ —5  p q (d) –  — —
7  p q ÷ 28 p q
= =

9. Simplify each of the following.


4
(a) 4mn ÷ (–7mn2) × 35m2n (b) 8mn2 ÷ 8m × —
5 mn
2

= =
5 16 2
13 a × 8a b ÷ 1– 26 ab 2
(c) – — (d) 0.6x2yz ÷ 3y2z × (–5xyz)
2 —
= =

10. Write an algebraic expression for each of the following.


(a) The cube of p is subtracted from the square of q.
(b) Azmi’s father is 5p m tall. Azmi is shorter than his father by q m. What is Azmi’s
height?
(c) If a pencil costs 7y sen, find the cost of a dozen pencils.
(d) The height of a triangle is 2y cm and its base is 6x cm. Find the area of the
triangle.
(e) The edge of a cube is 3y cm. What is the volume of the cube?
(f) Azhar has got RM18p. He gave RMpq to his sister. How much money has Azhar got
now?

11. For each of the following, write ‘u’ for algebraic expressions and ‘2’ for non algebraic
expressions.
(a) 3x – 4y

(b) 6x + 4y = 0

12. State the number of terms in each of the following expressions.


(a) x – ab + 6 (b) 7a – 8b + 4c – 10

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13. Simplify each of the following.
(a) 5mn – 6 – (–2mn) (b) 9m2n + 7m – (4m – 3m2n)
= =
2 1
(c) –14ab – — —
3 b + 2 b + ab (d) 7a + 8b – 4 – 3b + 2a
= =
(e) 2ab – 3bc – (5ba + 1) (f) 4xy – (–3xy – 2y) + yx
= =

14. Evaluate each of the following expressions.


(a) Given p = 6 and q = –4.
(i) 3(p – q) + 2p (ii) 3p – q + 2p
= =
(b) Given x = 7, y = –2.
x–y
(i) ——– (ii) (x – y)
xy
= =
2x2 – 8y2 + 5xy
15. Simplify ——————– .
4
1 2
16. Simplify 12m – —
3 n2 – 17m – 3 n2.

12p – 15
17. Simplify 6(5 – 4p) – ———– .
3

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