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1.

Two or more persons who took part in the commission of the crime are principals
by direct participation, when the following requisites are present:

a. They participated in the criminal resolution


b. They carried out their plan and personally took part in the execution by acts
which directly tended to the same end
c. They had unity in purpose and intention n the commission of the crime.
d. All of the above
e. Only a & b

2. Unity of purpose and intention in the commission of the crime is shown in the
following cases, except:

a. Active cooperation by all the offenders in the perpetration of the crime


b. Spontaneous agreement at the moment of the commission of the crime
c. Presence during commission of the crime by a band and lending moral support
thereto
d. Conspiring to commit the crime of robbery, where one of the accused additionally
commits the crime of homicide

3. A conspirator is not liable for another's crime if:

a. Such crime is not an object of the conspiracy


b. Such crime is not necessarily the logical consequence of the conspiracy
c. Such crime is necessarily the logical consequence of the conspiracy
d. Such crime is not necessary and logical consequence thereof

4. Principals are those who:

a. Take direct part in the execution


b. Those who directly force or induce others to commit it
c. Those who cooperate in the commission of the offense by another act with which
it would have been accomplished
d. All of the above
e. Only a & b

5. Principals by induction may become such by:

a. Directly forcing another to commit a crime


b. Directly inducing another to commit a crime
c. Inducing another to silence for one's criminal act
d. All of the above
e. Only a & b
6. This comprehends a situation where some are principals while the others are
accomplices

a. Doctrine of concomitant responsibility


b. quasi-collective criminal responsibility
c. dual responsibility doctrine
d. Necessary inclusion principle

7. An accomplice and a principal by direct participation may be distinguished or


related through the following, except:

a. In both, there is no community of criminal design


b. There is no clear-cut distinction as to acts performed
c. There must be no conspiracy between the principal and the accomplice
d. None of the above
e. All of the above

8. Accessories are those who:

a. profit themselves or assist the offender to profit by the effects of the crime
b. conceals or destroys the body of the crime or the effects or instruments thereof,
in order to prevent its discovery
c. Harvoring, concealing, or assisting in the escape of the principal of the crime
d. All of the above
e. Only a & b

9. It is, simply, to desire or wish in common a thing

a. Desire
b. Resolution
c. Cooperation
e. Harbor

10. Those criminally liable are:

a. persons who committed acts of murder


b. corporations who stole from their creditors
c. persons who committed acts of murder in lawful defense of relatives
d. The insane who stabbed another