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CHAPTER-III

PROFILE OF THE STUDY AREA

History of Trichy

Trichy has a long history, which goes back to pre-Christian


era. During the first millennium, it changed hands from the
Pallavas and the Pandyas when it was taken over by the
Cholas in the 10th century. After the Chola rule, it fell into the
hands of Vijayanagar rulers and then the Deccan Sultans. The
English and the French also tried with their full strength to
control this city.

Information about Trichy

Tiruchirapalli, also known as Trichy, Tiruchy and Thiruchi, is


only about 53 kms from Thanjavur. Trichy is situated on the
banks of the Kaveri river and the fourth largest city in Tamil
Nadu. Trichy has always been a seat of power over the
centuries. It was one of the main centers around which the
wars of the Carnatic were fought in the 18th century by the
British and the French. Today, this city is a thriving commercial
centre in Tamil Nadu. This city has given great Tamil scholars
whose contributions to the Tamil literature have been very
significant. This ancient city is famous for its architectural
monuments and culture. The best time to visit Trichy is
throughout the year, except in summers, when the days are
very hot. Tamil and English are the main languages which are
commonly spoken in Trichy.

Culture and Society


SrirangamTemple

Situated at the edge of the Cauvery Delta, the culture of Tiruchirapalli


is similar to the Brahminical culture prevalent in the delta.

Mohini Alangaram, Garuda Sevai, Vaikunta Ekadasi,[31] Flower festival,


Srirangam car festival, Teppakulam float festival and the
Samayapuram Mariamman flower festival are some of the important
festivals celebrated in Tiruchirapalli. There are shopping outlets of
handicraft chains Khadi Kraft and Poompuhar and bookshop
Higginbotham's.[20] Trichinopoly Cigars, handicrafts and cheap jewelery
made from artificial diamonds are available in the bazaar situated to
the immediate north of the Tiruchirapalli railway junction.[33] Boxes of
scotch whisky and photographic film smuggled from Sri Lanka are also
easily available.

Tiruchirapalli, with a sanitation coverage of 70 percent was rated sixth


in India and first in Tamil Nadu on the basis of sanitation for the year
2009-10 under the National Urban Sanitation Policy. In January 2010,
Tiruchirappalli became the first city in India where open defecation is
prevented in all its slums.
The city has a multi-cultural society with a sizable presence of Tamil,
English, Marathi, Telugu, Hindi, Malayalam and Urdu speaking
population. The city projects a serene outlook and is considered
tourists friendly. One may experience typical Anglo-Indian, Andhra,
Kerala and Tamil Nadu cuisines here. In addition to Pongal and Tamil
New Year, Ugadi, Holi, Ramzaan, Bakrid and Onam are festivals
celebrated by their respective communities retaining their cultural
roots.

People living in Tiruchirapalli district have rich cultural heritage. The


city served as the centre of fine arts since Sangam literature. Uraiyur,
the old name of Tiruchirapalli city, was the capital of Early Cholas. A
number of Tamil Scholars who lived here lived contributed to the Tamil
literature. People living here even today speak Tamil mostly what is
being used in written form than any other people living in other parts
of Tamil Nadu. People of Madurai, Tirunelveli, Kanyakumari,
Coimbatore, Erode, Krishnagiri, particularly Chennai speak Tamil in a
peculiar style characteristic of their region.