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• ACOUSTIC GUITAR HISTORY

• MARTIN


Newnhl'icss, It all Slart ,'(/ With t h" , mall -b" d l"d , gu t-suu ng , flat , wl'pffi ,nsr r\lmentS of a OPt'OSmE MCif In the beginning: a fiv,.·
(OU~ guitar of ..boon 1590, probabl y
Gt' rman .mm'sram, Christia n Fr,..:I u <-h Marton , who was bui ld ong g Ull ars almosr from Ihe
Portuguese. lOI' A Stauffer-styte
l ime he am~ed III New Yurk In 11'1 33. A"""d 37, ask, IIt:<l lut h,('r who hu l comple ted n lo n~ gust.... by C-f. Martin, from 1830.
.ROW The early Martin family home


apprt'lluccslup a t 0" " of I! ump"" mo:st rc:spo::ctt:<l g ui tar- ma kers _ Sta uffer, on Vienna C. p. and worfl sf'l<:>p in ChetTy Hill, near
l\hrtin (1lm c to Ihe n"w ",,, ri d to '-""Clip" th" res trict ,ve [111.1(' laws of h,s hometow n of Naunt\h.. Pennsylvania.
Ma rkneul.archcn , Saxony (,,"'" C;"rma ny, t hough formerly East (i t rma ny). He was hell-knt

• on ma ki ng hiS ma rk on th" yuung ( ounr ry·s st tlngtd InSlrllmen r rnule. H e d ,d thaI, a nd


more. By the IH~{I!; Ma non was stl lmg gu irars (l('slgnN along new h nes that would
tl'VOl ut lOnlSt' Ih" p"rfor manc(' of Ihe ,nSl rument , and whic h ,ICC sull ("("hoed In t he

• c.."'trun,unal d"ralls of rhe ,·au majorit y of fl at-tops :)Vallabl!.' t(xb y.


In t ht lat" 18305 , Maru n h ~d moved his family and his busillt"~ In n,,,rry 1I, 1l ,
Ptnnsy lva nHl , an,\ C' ·enlUall y to ne<lcby Nazar~t h , which has \",,,n /l.larton ·, fam o u~ addr",s

• n ·"r 51O(e (despit(' the rl'ioca ti nn, how"v" " gUlIa" we[" stilliahtllt"d as ht-ong mad" In Ntw
Yor k unlil th(' end o[th" I HOO.'i), From tim tim" onwa ,d~ , t h" maktr·s gUItars ,·a me to look


more hkC' (he Stea( Oat -t ops th.·y wmdd "v"lltually spaw n, and ltss I,kt ,hr o ld -world
minstre ls· instruments (hut t arl y IHth C"!lt Ll[Y Eurof"'a n gu' tar~ may appear to us today ro
rest·mhk. Marti n simplHkd IllS stylIng c'>Il"d,,[ably, d ropping tht Sll r>("rtlU OliS or namt" n1 ~ 1
wood wo rk ~nJ l'inborat~ inlJYs o n all Ou t ti, ,, ,,,,ca'''>Ilal di ~p Jay o r Clls!.Om-o rd t" r mOtI"I ,
• while lflSld~ he evoJ~ed cnn 'ifuul<lna l d"tatis th at would pave , he way for the mod ('r n
Instrument .

• T he move from rud , mennry 'add." hraclllg fO the funn ... d bl1Jrong of Spanish ·c!aSSKllJ"
gUitars of , he r, m" (about the o nl y Span ish g uita rs. !(";lily) mad ... hiS sm<lll ef lflS tt ulllent~
mtlr" ton ..fuJ than most of anythlflg l'isc that "'as a~al la b le , wIllie the "volUtlo n of hi' X·

• bract"<! toP$ o n ,h(' larger guHars had a more complex im pact nn th""" mndds (·upahll",,,,
Ahhough the full po tenll~l of t he dC'S ign would ht-com" fully realo~"d on ly w udually, th "


sturd y c rOOKd bmclflg for mat all owed both t h" lor-..!.:"s and th" gu,tar 's top to ht- th ,nn" r and
IIJ!h tt r, wh Ich In (Urn Yi elded mor(' rC'Sonan ce alld volum" o n th" J!ut -S[fu n~ ,II Ulfa" of th ..
day. W hen Mar lin would e~ ol ve to pr..:lom lllam ly st"" I-stflng prod un lon .. arl y ,n t h.. n,,'1f


C"ll[lIry, (hiS X. bracing wnuld be r"udy tl) tak" Iht strain w ,thou t ""cessHarlllg any rone-
dampt"ning th i( kclllng o{ th .. VIbra t in g top or w,d" nlllg of th e internal bra(es ThiS rcally
was a des ign [or the {Utu,t, and o n" of the

• man y ingredi"nt,1 that madt Marti n /l1l'ta rs,


fot many y~a rs, ont of the mos t forward -
ltkl kin,ll make,s III ~xis t c n ((' .

• Wh~n we ralk abo ut tb e ·Iarg('r gui !<lfs· of


t ht perl O.:!, th(' s(' are still sllllll · bodied


acoustics by 1000lay ·s s tundHds. M an , ,,"s
larges ( g l.lJ rar of th e 1850s WJS the 12Y,' · wld.,
S'7.t" 1, a Widt h that mOSt players today ",.. uld


expt"ct to sce ill a llt rl e PJrJour g Uita r l}"for.,
the (' nd of the J<'Cade, howev" r, body ~IU"$ and
d("("ota l;ve slyies suH ," us.. ",day "'""" being
---
• I'Stablisht"d T h" lurJ!e r SIn" 0 - one of rh...
small..,.r standard Mnrr lllS avai la ble toJ,,), _
wa, I ntrOt"ill(~d and wou ld r(' ma ln the

• cllm pany·s larges t ·collce,, · gUita r unti l the


arrival of the 00 some 20 yea rs huer. Most
modd s wr re avaolablc In a mnge of St yles

• from 17 to 42, n um be rs t h"t ind ic:lttd t helf

• 7
ACOUSTIC GUITAR HISTORY

whol.,sale pric.,s al Ih., li mO;" (h., ~ yS(~m WI1_' O;"S[ahl" h.,d . Th.,y rangt"<l from p lain gUl fa's w llh
s lmpl O;" binding and f.,w or no InlaY$ , 10 .';llIrars WIth fa ncIer abalonc purn ing, pos'tion •
mat kns and rosetto;"S, and Inclu<l.,d modds wll h ha5IC bu t clegan t hCrrL ngbonc trim and
snuwfl ak ., Inlays in bt-twN"n . fiven at th(' up p(,r Iev('L how('v(' r. Ma rl in g unars werc mostly


SImpler and mort" auster"(" In d('("orn llon (han som(' of t h{" p<'1)- rl -pac kcJ showplITCS of oth{"r
makers_ Th., (' m p hasis was al ways on soun, l and bUI ld <j ua lny. and C.F. Man m appart'li tly
",,"w rx<"t_ss iv""y orna[(, d ('(oml ,on as pOle nt la ll y ge l ling ,n th{" way of thcse morc Impo rt alll


goals (as do many of [oday·s lOp m ak crs of bol h flat-wps and arch tops. n IS wonh noung).
U nc(' on place. the look o f Ihcse n um oc red Styles wou ld S('{" f('w ch anges for the followlllg 90-
odd Y('3 rs . u n ril ' hc Impa{! of Wo rld War II ('v(,Ol ua]]y (orc.... J some chdnges of ns own.
In rhe earl y part of th" follow lllg ("("muty t h(" n()lI()n of Stllllg lll g gui tars with M.,d
st arted gaining popUiMit y, but Mart.n was
Martin manufactur~d
r~lauvt'ly s low to lake up the trend _ Before 19 16
th., !)(ca,,,,nal u Iswm -ordet gUIta r 10 la ke sted str ings. but irs first •
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• ACOUSTIC GUITAR HISTORY

• such co ns.s tr n( prodll(fio n mod .. l ~ <-a m.. III {he form of (h~ ' K'
koa ",nod constructio n) d('s.!-:ne<i co I,., played lfi
~rI"S gU itars ( name<,1 for ell .. ,r
the lap-s ttt l I)()\O"""' . as used for (h('

• popula r ilawai Jan m USK of , h(' (1m ... In rh,s way, the forma l that wuul <lllt'",mc Mnru n's
srock In

and on fan
(["'dd .. grt'w from Ih(' fr,nbcs of lht' mark ..( - (ho u~h

would n s(' upwa rd from tht' hmlUm , (OO, B)' the ea rly 1920., Martm was
a popular ' fron}! .. ' ill Ihe day


II

off... mg s u, .. 1 _< [TOnss nil , he- \ow l.("$( of Irs standard 'Spamsh' ~I yk gumlrs, t h" m ~hogany.

hod,w 2- 17, and by Ih(' ('oJ of ,h.. d«ad .. st .... 1 st nngs had spread rhrou}(hnut , he IlOc PS


[hI: standard dress.
f or Marti n , II W;,O.S proba b ly an l'fIS ICt ( OflVttSlun , ha n for ot h ers. , he sTUrd y X-hracing of
tht' la rJ.:t" mo.-l .. ls bt'l!lg al re-')dy pri med to fak .. th" g reater Stram , hal tht' r~nSlCm of,t (-d

• st rings would pur vn

guit~r~
r h~

of adapmll o n WIlS 51 11 1 r"':lulr...!


g UtT JU ' tOpS >lnd bmlg("s - alt houg h ,'ettaml), a (o ns"lrrahl~
II> make the new dcs i,l; ns
yo u (an s('(' th(' stram of Ih" ;oppl ,eu ILon of steel strin;;s
S"I: ur~ ,

to a
E,'en so, on I'k nr y of "Id
deSIgn th;ll soli had
d~Wt't:'

It~







• (>I'l'OSlrE P.. GI! l£Ff TO " ...1fT Thr" early
Martins ; a 1-28 from c1820;
/I 0-42 from (1898; and a mahQga ny


2-17 from (1930, the first Martin to
bll offered w ith steel strings.
un The Mound City Blues Blowers.
f eatu ring Eddie lang on a Martin
guitar.

• roou m the gemkr 1'\11 1 of IIllf, ,n th" fo rm of a subtle archi n;; , or ' beJl ying ', Hound the
of t he top illst be hmd th(" hndll" Many newe r g tl itars will ~"hlb , t the same symp l om~.
ar~J

• I"SptcialJy those wll h PM(lClllarly th In tops a nd light braCln).! - but J( 's not n("(:es\.udy a
CauSl' for co ncern. As N or man Blak" put It , "N('"e[ tr USt a g u itar WIthout a belly, " An.1 whl lt'


thoSl' sl<'l;'l Stri ngs mlly apl)('af to '''St a gUI {;or's struCl ural ,n(t"g rlty, d'l'r .. Iso get II wllllmg
wit h a f... t hroatier "o)(e (hao anything gu t (ould ever maoagt', and call ra nl (ulllrJy ht-Ip
[hoS{' (hill_ topped , lig hdy-b roc("<. llht -rops sIIIg s wet' dy inJITd.


HavlIlS w t".. th..-.rcJ bot h the man. lol m and uk ulell;' booms of th t" ("arly pa ri of , he (ent ufY,
and m faet ~" n ~U l'll bur~l~ of buS Iness III C'3Ch craz" that all ow('d th(' compa n y (OJ .-" pa l\d.
MaTfln was t'm .. nng Its ht'yd.l)' In t he I '}JOs WI( h tht" gUHa( fil m ly al fh" c.. n[ r~ of liS

• bUSlnO'Ss. W h d.. , h" financial pllle h of the


Ihe low~ r-~ nd

accrpttlnc(' of
mO<l"b would It'maln the corc of tht
, h~ ~lllta , a~
.[ ~ pr~SSlon II pU" muslCians UnsuTj"", ng ly
hUS IIl ~SS , the er~
me~n t

S-"lW tl (O ntlnlla lly WIde r


an m.H rllment, wh tlr Martlll ltsdf honed borh nrw anel .. ,," I lUg

• m cxlels m fO ~\III~rs ,hal would bnome respected for all tlm~ .

• 9

~iattjn g UItars w~!'(' nnw M"[( I'fl/o: In (o (t n ,,,n const ructional and de<;;orat,vc standard_
lhat haw' rt'mamoo fumOllS am ong afk lonados. W h,J(> , h., most aiforda bl .. mo.:i('ls •
remai ne<! all -mahogany Jo(ll'tars. tl1O' n..1(1 rUlll: u p now had a mahoga n y ha.- k and
sId"", mahogllny " ,,< I.:, fost'wood fi ngt' rlxlllrd ond brl(Jgr, and a spru«' top. Sprun' was


tilt' standard throughout rhe range fur th., tonall y c ruCIa l pan of the UlSt rume n r , bu t
m Id-ran,!;!, "nu uppt", modl'ls gcn .. rJ lly W('ft' m ade w, t h fUS('w OO<l back and s i<ks
pannt'rffi wn h an t'ixmy hruJgc and fingrrhoard.


In addi tion to .. ,[ahl'5h'"g (CHam $tandards. Murtln also bega n to p ush thl"
boundaries III (fuClal waY$ For a tim .. rht" 000 _ )U" a m,d-sLlcJ g UItar hy today 's
standa rds - had Mil t h~ comp nny ',\ lur;;:r sr 'conc('r\ " mudd . In llmll y at t h.. rt<Jursr of
g U Itarist and ba nI" pla}'('r Perry B~l h td , Ihls W:1S ;Id aptt."d al t he enJ of th ~

a n~ c k that ioill~d th ~ hoJy at t h~ 14 1h fl~ t t:lthl' r tlmn at rhe 12th, as was prrviousl y tilt'
standard , which resul ted in th~ 'O rcht'st ra M(.d~l· N OM deSIgn . Ov~ r t h ~ next few y~ar,',
I 920s to carry


thIS longer "t'"k woul d bceomt' , randard on mll,1 Ma rrIn model..
Th is t'volutlon had also ],rou,l:hr ro life the Jarllt'SI y(' t of Ihe Marti ns , alt hollgh a ' lIon _
Martin Martin' of si gnifica ml y W~~ I ~ r Ji m ells lolIS had exisud (" r a f('w years already_ In
191G j\fanin han made a lHl~ of unUSll:1IJy la r/j~, rhl c k- w'listtd , ",m('what p.:ar-shaf>t'n
)i:uitars at th ~ 't'<J ues! of HI, trumt'O! rC(;lHt'r I h ~ Ol,v(' r Ditso tl c.ompany. T hese guitars,

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wh ich appma{'ht'(] lGo aLI"" Ihr low . . { bo ut , writ' d ubbed ' D r~an nough g ' (or the"
resemblanc~ to Illc profi lt' of ,lit' IAtE;(' Sm"h warsh,ps of th., .am(, name. W hd., tht'y
were no laging success, ordt'~ wt'rc st('ad y rm,>u;i; h (0 prove th~ Inc-a had some m~lit . In
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the lal., 1920s the DitMln company chan/!.,n ha nds and nast."d to oroer g UItars from
Ma tti n, so Marlin tnok up Ihe flag Itsr lf, and by 193 1 was offering 0-1 and 0- 2 I
D readno ugh ts und e r HS o wn na m~. At arou nd Ihe samc li me, country m us ic was
~um,"g bIg Sl uff hul h on rJd ,o and ,n I(l rg e dan crhal ls across tht'
COUn try, and fI'I:"'" larxe InStruments wrr(' O('(l r-mSlant successes wJlII I
many pro.~ ,,~b n~ the volumr rrq U1 rcJ to bt'll ou t thIS new m usIC.
Dreadnough t, qUIckl y Sl't t h.. ,tan<laru for both boommg cou ntry
rhY lhm gunar and spC<'dy blut'/jT3sS flatplckmg, ann till" body styl t'


g rew 10 l1t'com~ Ihe mOSt popular ~cousuc shart of all .
H avln/! prO\'cd thell plat'e III the markt't , tht'S(' models finally
appt' a r~d In rhe M:1ttin (a t alo,L; u ~ In 19j5, in tht full standard lan,L;t
of St y It' s 18 to

prcxll\('tlo n modd, a
4 2. III 19j8 rhey wt're JOlll('d by the 0-45 as a
/!\ltlH nc,"1y "" tlaborate as Ihe ahalon e-
en(rusrt·d 12-frt·( verSI on of th e Sa rn~ mad c for singin,!; cowboy st ar •
Gt' ne Autry five rrars befo re, !Il1 llU, th t fancy en,!;r.."ed fingcrro1fd .
Whli{' th~ sr pearl wonder.~ wo uln bc<:ome maflr a collector's
g r{'at('st amlml o n. It was t il., homble D - I R t hat always achined •
the g fealrs, saJcs, an d JIl fan Ih(' mo re wor kmanhke styles
th(nughulI! tht' ronge hav., usually pro.'ed Ihe most pop ular


AI tilt' height o(th., hl,ll-band eru. oflhe 1930s andeatly
I 940s, Marli n flm..d with archt ops, whI ch W ('rt' proving So
,ucct'ssful for G ,bson , Eplphont', Grrt Kh and ol hers. It
St't'ms the Mart Jll <om pa ny JUSt Ilrvt't q Ul t(' got Iht' hang of
the style, hOWt'Vt'f, and mode I- of t h" d ay look mote I,k"
halfhe~ ned ada ptatIOns of Ih., fb r- rops it WAS alI't'ad y domg •
so well wn h. W h~n Amen ca .,rnerrn Worl d War II in 1942,
rhr archtop$ wt' rr drop ped, hand 10 han(1 w,th plt'my of olhcr
,han;.:cs , •
Th,s marks tht' .. nd of rhe real glory days . Mamn would nOI only


10

• ..
• SurVIV(' , ht- urll v.,rsal cla mpdo wns t haI t ht' wa r mt-ant [or Amt'ft (an gUlt ... -m a k~ n , but
would Ih ro\l(' a nd r., ma," , ht- mos t r<'spo::u'(1 aco" 5t ic bra nd the world ovt-r T ht- n >lnJXl ny

• would bUI ld somt' ;:r.,a t l! u l['.. r~ asal u afte r ,h., war, 11K), but no model would agam q ult('
r...ach tht' " p" omc of Irs fi)fm -
~oug h l 10
a rg uabi ~'

re- pro..luc(' V,"'3g r m"d.,h on preCIse- ,l<'ta IL


until t h., h,storical fl"lssues of , h., mud t' rll ... ra

• Wa r\l me- r('SI (ICftons In lIa ft"u~

longer be uS<'<.1 for ntck rt'on fi m:t'mem, so , he


forms hll M a Tl on , and nt hr r m dke-I'$, hat.', s•.,..1 , o>uld 110
l on~--aba nd "nrd ebon y «" on forct' m~ n t ~tr lPS


wetc r<'lIlstated ; for . ht sa mt' r., ..sons, onl y on f(, fl o' nm.,rs could be sou rn·d , a nd ulhl lnne
n )uld nn longer be ob(~ on('(t In , h., q ua nt ities llt'cJ('d for t h., ti alH1rate trim r<'q uort"d hy St y)"
4 2 and 4~ g UIt a rs, A lso. Ma nl n had ubtaJlled 11 5 dcl iu tt h., rring bone trim fro m G erma n y

• sin,., '" l ~aH t he m idd k of tht' pr.,v IOus cr mu ry, bur On(t' s[()(-h had d ri ed up
lontln uht"" , furt he r su pphcs fro m tht' f"ll~1I Eu ropean natl OIl aft.,. t he war. And ,n a
co nSlru ({ lo nal l h "n/l~ , a trcnd fo r uson tl ht 3vy gaugr sted s(rintls ilk t' t h "., ~ flu <'d to big
If (o uld nn

OPI'<:ISITE PAG~ A Martin deadnought 0'1


1924, built for the rowiler Ditson.
arch(ops fo r(~d Mar tlll to Stop scall opln tl I t~ top' support bnlCrs In 1944 , l ~avjn g Ih('m allUw Elvis Pres ley was a promine nt
th icker an, l ht- r't'r abl~ ti l support (h e su aln of a whopping .0I Jj " or . O l ~ " sO't , W ith 111(' Martin enth\.lsia~t.

heavy s (rl n~s .nO'~~ w ~r~ H ill lou tl g uirars - wh.,n hi t ha rtl

• (, Il ough 10 J.(t-I thO'


ducker hmces d Id at
t'n tl r~ s h ~bm\g

l ~a "
1ll0Vj n,l(, th at i, - and the
P" 'V(" Llt ClICt'SS IV" ht- ll yln g and


top d' ~{on' o n und~ . { ~"' lII n . W b('o man y play.,rs rH Urtlctl
to m ctlJU m ~H ln,;s , hHw.. v~r (wlu cil have o..'( om<: tht mote
popula r gn oge for la rh .. r flat -tOps o"cr (mw ), , h.. y fi )untl


t he post _war Mom ns d ,d n't q Ultt' h3"(' the h ft', sparkl<: and
''''O!lanCe of tll(, H fo rdx'9.fS
Alth" ugh ItS roster w{U SI,!; n lfirllmly rem txl 10 from

• rha. w~ a t

con tln ll~d to


dt'''g n Ix>om of (hI." 1928-4 2 (>rll od, M:m lO
(a t<' wdl wot h mUSICI anS oncr II - antl Iht'
count ry - had rt'<.,,"r rI'J [rom (h(' mort Imm..dlalt' t'ffens of

• tht war
{on"nu!'d
y~a" . A /l rl'\lt num br r of (ountry
to ,~t th~
&

pace 00 Mar li n D.ud nulIg hts , and t he


w ..stern a rt IStS


moJr l's [>oSllIo n as rhyt h m g Ullar ma Ins tay c" . riecl ove r
1010 roc k'n'ro ll (hrnugllOut t he 19, Os. than ks in no small
p:on to El\'l s Prtslt'Y 's .,arl y !.l_S(· of a 0 - 18 a nd D-2 H. The


fol k boo m of rhl' [,1.1~ 1950s and earl y 1960s f,mh.,r
boo,lt d d'l' s~lcs of l\m e n ca's pr.,-.,m in .. m ,"eousti, tlui tar-
ma k n , a nd t he incrc ~s('d nlls on r,s htlpcd Martin w

• t''Il<'f lmO'nt o nct' ag ain wit h inrro.luf in g nr w models.


Pa rt of
e m hraClng of
t h~ ("Jk ethos of Iht' 196(h
~ Jlnplt'r things -
w a_~ a ge neral
tlmrs, mltsieai ., yleS,

• gUll ars, what halle r Oy -

fort'mosr h ra nd of the mOIl('m(' n r, II was


and w holt Ma rt lll waS (ht'
It, modds of i O or


50 years or mort' t'a rl l ~r tha t W ('t'(' reall y thr tatge t of lhe
fol kocs' 10n';IIl/ol. 0 .. (h ... bae k of thIS CI'llZl:, t ht' com pan y
successfull y Inrroc! uc.,d , ht' aus tC"r<' 0- 16 N Y and tht'1J 00-


2 1NY (NY for ' Nt'''' Ym k', md lcallns g Ullars stylrd aft er
t h.. SIm ple IIls twm cnt s I'roo ucr d und er Ma rl in's New Ym k la lx-I III . hO' Hm()~), a nd
.t'lIl tm;;! uced a n um br r of Olh.,r 12-frl't mood s , nOl pr...:i"r reIssues as w,; k now th" tc rm

• tf)d ay, bu t g ult ars , ha. (a ptu r.,d ""me of the Ima,!;,; of mnd tls of t he
M od~l.,

m (Jr~
,uch ~s t n(' 0 -1 8S and D-2HS, and ot he r 00, 000 and OM Iypcs found favour wnh
thall a fcw Iratl(' rs of tht' f"lk scr ne _ oncJ ud m,!; t h., llk.,s of Pe(e Yarrow und TOIll
1 92 0~ and 19 30s

• Pax ton _ und th(' dcm\ln d for thr s., r~ trH des ig ns was st(urecl . T he mid -1960s ai'l) sa w t hc

• 11

I •





!lIGHT A Martin D-35 from
1968, CIHt1UI Tom '.xton.
whh h is D...adnought.
e pitomised the ....1d-1960.
folk boom. OHOSITI! M(III
David O'o,b,. .IWI Gra ham
Nalh. shown In the
Crosby Stili, & NaJh et"..
bvowwd a pIIlr of D-45 • • •
,m md unio n of the D -55, """h a r(', u rn 10 light", b ra( '"X and a (h rc('- p H'C'" rO'.... """od hack


nmn::ived as a wa y of c"m ba'lng a slio rt llg(' of Ur-.. zol ,an fOSl"Wood plan ks w,d" ,," oug h for
t hl" ma king of trad lu o nal (""0-1" ("(:(' bac k~ . Ma rr on ', gran, lest J rC"adnoux h t t H' n rNUrllcd to

t il ... 'Kenc In 19h1l w ,,1i , h", ' <.'la unc h of fh .. 1)· 4') .
H av ing sold m Ol"(" , h:m 2.2,()()() gum,n: In

III 1978- A workers' SI n k... of mort' Iha n ('Igh t rnnm h,


1971. Mall in mo".,d onl y a round 8,0 00 units
In 1977 Wa5 no d ou bt fXJ rtly
rt'spons,bk for "liS big d .. nr .n rh ... company's prod uction I... vds . bU I t he aCt"'.'llr •
mar kn was «('tta lllJy slOWing. Mo re pc ru n.. m fur IO<Iay'5 pla ye rs ~ and 1;u, mr
huyns - IS tI.t' f~(t rh:" H IS uOlve r5.tlly aS r~ ......-I tha t the company 's b." ld
q ua lHY was ,\!JppmS r h rou~hollt t hese yt-d r., h n~ of t he brand nOle this as " n ~ •
of the JOWt'SI t'bh, In Mar uo's ovem ll I m pr~"~l v~ ac h ievement . At tht'
the decad e, Ma rlin had Bddcd a roS"Wl~>C! pl a t~ heneath new g uita rs" bnd,!; ts,
" tart of



anu ,,]so mHt ast'd th r thi cku C'.\s of til .. ~ n cl s of t he top bmces, all in an apparent
bid to ad d furth rr stability to tht' Insrrum ents" top,~ . Th ~ Lh a n,!;ts made 1970s
Mart ins tVt n more r(", i"tall! to t ht' problems of bri d g ~" pulli n,!; up ward and
tops dlS (oning lI nd .. t th t' r ~ n S l on of h('~v j ~r "!ring ,!; aU,I;es , but they also
d ampe d their VDICt" wns lcl~mhly, a nd p k lllf " f playns notiecJ a C('!talfl •
coflS!ipa tcd sou nd and f.. ~ 1 lfl n(' w ('xaillpi t'. of tht' d ay.

......---
000000
Anot her fa, lur, o nt' rh nt Man lll co uld do not hing about , drew a h ilt'
und er Ihe (tl llt'( tah, l, ry of g uit ars (mm 19 70 onward
e yes . An em ba r,!;o Im l>OlcJ upon expurtll uf whol(' logs of Braz,l ,an
Jll m any fX"Opit"s

toSl'W ( .. >C! In 1969 found moot ma kt' rs, Marron ,ncl uued, t umons 10
Ind ia n tOSt' woo<1 fot t he, r g UIt'. r bal' ks, Sides and fillgo>rbuards. I't'w


pia}".-" would h;w(' noted II at t h.- limo:' _ and in fact rela ll vt'ly kw
a[ an y li me could n:". llsli ca lly 1,Il'oofy any g T.-a. sunic <lIffr ro:'nce
I)t"[wrr n ( he t wO tyJ>t'll' - but Hmzlli an I'OSC w ood h a.~ womr anOlheT


Ind'carlon of coUC1.'tabdu y In a v lnmgt g u it ar.
Aml<l Ihls gerll?t~1 dt'Cl , nr , Ma rti n d IU at 1t.-..sl nnr t h ing tig h t. In
19 76, for the fi rn lUll,· III ,0 y~ a rs, pla yers could o nct' aga in lay rheir hanJs
on U Mor,l;wlls hr rr mgbo nf_ trJmm~d Marri n In th(' form o f th~ HD-28. h s insmm


12






















• 13
GUITAR HISTORY

~u(c{'ss showed that many plnyers were more IIl1 .. r.. ,rtil ,n lookong back" 'ard t han forward


when It Cdm" to aCOIlStl(" ,ks'gn and tr im, a nd - "frt'. a lew yru('S of re"dd jlL\l m ern and
tecov .. r}" -
srnltt'g.es.
f ht' '(',ssues programme woul d I,.. o n.. of t ht· com pany's more sun:..ssful

Not to say Ma run got chert' 311 at oon' , and I'('(ov('ry


bU5lnt"ss

IIId....,d prt'uy toug h goong •



[ !it' WdS

fi,[ a n,w yrars . In 1982 th .. cnmf'llOY sh'Pl'>I"<1 only around 3,OOtl guita rs, It'Ss t han 15 pe r
celli uf I t, ach l(C\"rml'"1l1 of JUS t I I }... ~n; prrvlOus. ThiS was prcuy much ( ht" honom ; rht"rt'


was nowh",.. w W' hut up, and fortuoatdy dlls IS whe ..: Martin was
gradua lly h.. ad~ T he resl of Ilir dc.::aJe offered m Uft" hard limes,
bu t (he rr w~r~ also 1~5so n s IC'1l rfled t h~t eVl'ntually saw a stronge r


Mart on t'nlt'ron).; Ihe 1990s,
T ht' com pany had cxpc rmll'nu-d Wllh nl'W s!ylrs in 1981 In th"
for m o f a s<'rtes of c utaw~y flat -tops, wh"h a numocr of com peti to rs
had o ffe red [or yea rs, and a ldwu!{h Ih t'sr d.dn't catch on tertlbl y
wr ll , Ih ey op<'lled th~ dlKJr f" r mo rt- conremporary Manin d""gfl.,
w com('. Also, :1 eU<;WIll Shop prog ra mm(', stan('d in 197'}, fu nh"r •
r",nfo rc('d lhe th inking that ml,t", plaYI'rs w('rc interested 111 old
Mar (Jos dum in new
).;l1l[H~ m a~k WIth (t'Jturl"
(l n ~', wtlh ord ers commg fast and tllld., for
Ihal had ix-fo abandoned for many
d('(ade~ . T hest' wa~ Just a Inek lc compared to t h" ,' tandard


prod uction mod t'l~, bm oner a~:1I1n they lOdJCat oo a way forward.


Along Wit h IU lm IOJo( 10 on IWO s'ro nds Of l hlllk,ng - a pn n ,,;' of the
new, [,nund",d tty a rr(rlrval of the old - a r~(}rgani satIOIl of th('
t'xecu" ",," mnks h('l p<'d pOSl llon Maru n to comp("'(' wll h the
,yn rh t'S Is("r r"volu(Jon . fronk lI"rb"rt Ma rt m dt"partN as prcsldl'llt
but h " furher, C.F ~b r tl n III , r"mamed lU cha ir man of th(' boord ,
and h,S son, C.F ~brtln IV (k now n "'. ChriS)" WlU MlOIl vou..! 111 a.~
V"'t' prrSld(,1l! In th(' hJnd s "f a fift h ,L:",nr ratlon Marun, the
c"mpaoy was puillng Its(']f tog~ ( h~ r to mo,'r on.

I
1>-hmn 's fonun('$ hJ U lmprnved by Ihr ('arty 199Os, th~nks


to

both rh(' combu\eu ,' Ul-l-~'S~S of su m", n('w stanuard ~nd Iomllt"d
t'd lfl on CuStOIll Shop modds, and fO the surprismg uptak" of tht


./I.kxi ca n_ mad~ MUrfin Bnc kpac kcr 1[3"('] glutarS int mduc"d at rhr
stan of th", d~("lId",. litH (h('r(' was more co lnp"tition in Ih", wings,
HlO, W hll", aCO USI1C glllln rS w('re enjn ylll g a r~n",weil populanty,
larg t' bt{"'s of rh ar ch('rry were !x,ing tak"n by morr affordabk but
_.u ll h',L:h -'1 lmhIY guuars (rom till' I lk ~s of Taylor, Takamine, and
(){h~ rs . Thr plam 16 S('[I(,S gUl r ~r "ffer"d a Mart in at the lower ('nu •
AKlvtl Chris Martin of Coldplay with"
cutaway acoustk..le<trk Martin In
mahogany. tlI>PI'ffi1l ,,o,<iI: A Glb,on
StylI> 0 from 1%S,
of t h(' upsea k malker , but thar sldl m('ant n hJgh -l'ud pnc" la,lS as far a.s many pLa~'ers '
bu< lh'C(S ,,"'('f(' conctm t"d. Martln 's rt'ply to (h(' )lfl C(' war a mi", ln 1993
a sl m p k but d l'gam -Iuol.:. n,L: Drrad nooght. It savoo 'fl.'t' b y "mploYlng Jammat('u sid('s _
In the- furm of the- D·I,

though wit h a solid sprue", 10 1' ami
finish and mort l'" and [",nOn n('(k jom!, In COIlfr.tM
m~ho~"1lny oock - and I""" Iabuur-lllfrnslv(' G\ta lyseu
W Ih" tradlnona l MartlllS ' nltrocellul.--


lac<j u('r fimsh and dov~ratJ n('ek Jom t . T he dtff"'rt'ncts In burh construct ion and marenals
k nockt"d a Ol,!! chunk off ('v('n til(' D- 16\ pm I' rs,L:, and playns took up rhe n~w, mort'
afford abl" Martin m th(' ,. dtove.~.


A y"ar lalr r Mar un honwd III on a n~w rWIsr o n th ... n:-ISSUCS g~ml', by marktrm,l;
vllllagt-sryi eil or cuswm -u('slgnoo modt'Js und("r fa mous artIsts ' names and caHill,!! rhtm
'Slg narure F.d JlJOn· gu it ars. Th~ nt'w anlS le prov1<lcd hmltoo runs of what wtrt ofl('n
~ x u~m",)y prec is(' anu so metlrn~., al,,, " CllSfOm- moddcd \Ipmarket Mart", rl'''"U~S , and us(',!


14


• ,.

• Ihe slar pla yer a.~S(";J ~ I"m< w nud gr p n n n)S " I' a no rrh o r two furt hl'T th an ('~'('n a ~rnml nr<1
re ISSue ""g h , comm and . Th., I,ne rn-!<a n wlf h a n daoor;>(!." (j("nt" AUlry D-<15, and progl'('SSN

• to ,"dud .. an Enc Claplon 000 ·4 2 EC. a Many StURn H D·40MS, j ml m lC Rodge rs 000-
4S) II. , j O'ln lI a('7. 0-45)B . Marti n D rth y OOO- 18 MC . ( wo Paul Simo n m odels (t he OM -42 PS
and mort' affordable PS2), anu mn n y. man y morc - wnh nl'w S ,gnal,,", arll <t S an n,IUU(..d

• [W , ( (' y.-a rly 10 du s day.


T he l'ot' rp(" f uaJ , nICft'S I III 01<.1 Ma rtins was further consohdlted III 1996, ", h".11 t he


spo radIC ·vonraJ.;t' re lSSu(" l )' pC model s o ffcrttll h roug h the yC-dfS were S ' '''''O a n offi ci~J llllt' as
rht" VlOfa!<(' Se n es. O ver t hc next {('w yea rs prc-wa r features such uS v ' n l a~::t' My lr tun .... , V_
sharo("d nf.'( ks, aged -loo k h'((lu(' r. and - wh ere appropr mt .. - ht'rringi>oll t t ro m ap[)t'ar ..d on


modds s\ldl as t be lID-28 V, OM-2IW , (){JI)-2HVS and HO- 2HVS (bm h wIt h 1 2 - fr~1 n..ck$),
D - 18V, OM- l il V, OO- l !'!V, a nd Om)-2H Ec. (a 1.,,_, fan q Er i,- (Ia pto n m()<i .. l, .h,s !l m ~ a
production Vlntug .. s..,, ~ , KUlta r ra t h~r than a limitccd Sit: nature Ed i"on). Others would

• follow throug h th .. y~ a rs, and t h.. SUI~~ would n..come huge ly popul ar WIth i'layer~, nnd an
.."ormou,
A"
_<u(T~_' S

th~ ~nd of
fo r Marrin .
t h~ ( .. mury ap p roachccd , Marrin expanded at b(}(h low and hi g h e nd s, A

• broud~r r a n g ~

gui tars wIt h


less .. xpt"nSlv" X
of1'l<Jt h I and 16
J a mln a r~d

s.. rl~ ~
S", roe~ ,l;uitars was offt'red , joined by the sp art an R oa d Sene's
s Id t's an d bae ks, (he all -m ahogany 15 Series, and eve ntuall y the ('ve n
m()(I",ls h ud. "".h tops o f ("Qmpos ite wood fi bre. Men nwh ile, funh er

• V ln ta,,~ s.."t'$ nn d SI,I; nature Edi tio n gui tars were ad d cJ , jo ined
Era Vln la,o.:" -I'rt'c lsec mod(' ls, wh l( b mcl ud c<.l 001 only lOps
b ~ the acclaI med G old('u
mad e of loug _scare(' Ad Irond ack


spruCt', hur BmZllm n rose wood bac ks and SIdes ou models III Sl yl .. 21'i a"d 45 _ (II" fir~t u m..
such ("QuId be fou nd o n a Ma rtm In any num bers ro r SOm .. 2 7 y..... rs_
liavlng filled o nl y around 3,(){){) o rd .. rs on 19!'!2, and not many mort' I>t'r y..ar thro ugh

• , he m Id dle pa rt o f t hat dt'Cad .. , Martin hUl lt mort' than 280,0 00 gU ltal"$ t hrou~h t ht COUI"$('
of the (1)905. I" the n.. w m, ll.. nn ,u m , Ih., com pany's success ap pears ' 0 ~ con" nu ,n,o.: AI>aCt',
and - wh, le th.. co m pt" lIl1un In hOl h h lJ.: h -~ nd and w~lI- m a<l ... stude m levd ,L:U II AI"$ IS fief(c r

• thall ever - t h,$ 1 6H- y~a r-"l d cu mpa ny fina lly s«ms com forrahl~ and confidr m AI nCA rl y
(' ~ ('ry le"d of t h.. m ... h, Play .. " In th ", r thousa nd s sti li d r('am of on(' d ay st rummIng a
Man ,,} g Ulw r - and mor., of t h~m ar .. abl t ac hiev(' [hal (Irea m {()day t han ... vc r before.


10

CIBSON
Whtr~ Manon has con(Inu a lly fai led 10 el ectrify, Gibson has become even bet a'r kno wn for
• m claSSIC elect riC g uitars ,h"ll for its acousti cs. Bur th is fellow _> u.vivo. from th .. l )lth
ecmury lws occu,lion aJiy ri~ a ll ed M.alm] in th ~ flat- top husin ..ss, and tntirtly <i o mon art d t h~

• acou'l ic "rchtop m~rk~t dU lon g th ., y .,ar~ of that instrument 's heyda y. N o


when you consid,' r that fi )und~r Olvdl .. Gibson actually inv~nttd tht archtop Wllt ar, a nd th ~
com pa" y that ,'a r" ..d nn h.s nam .. h rou,lih! th .. formal to I[S u·O! th on (I('s lg ns oflhc 1920 $
~url'fl S~, r~All y,

• a nd 193(l$,
~PJte lIS
Mart I" . Orvlll"" C. ,b~ 1O
_l ub<l ~ nll al

wa~
legacy, G ,h""n is a coupit' o f ,l; t'n ""m tl ons you n).:t'r . han
h,)rn In Chal c-auga y, Nt'w Yo rk , in 18"56 w h('n c. F. Ma ll In

• waS alread.' )~lt ong Ih.. pa<: .. for th.. X- htan·d fl al- IOps o f fh"" fUfUrt' 10 hiS N e w York
City and t h.. n P.. nnsyl van.a works hops. Aft ... r movlOg to Kalamnoo , MIChIgan, 10


th .. ) RHOs , how.. vt' r, GI bson pursued a n eO!l ..... ly dlfferem course of aCOUStIC
InSl rum ent d('sI!>n , one rar more ,n n ur nced by the g reat ' -lOlinmakr rs Ihan by , he
new d ,r('(" tl Ons 10 la(gc frett oo Instruments Ihal wcrc al ready pro~JIlg successful wll h


.ht' mak ers that wo uld becoOlr hIS ri vals.
G Ibson hand ·carved hIS ma ndolon and gun nr top. and backs ontl) an ard , ..d ,~ h a pt"

from IWO ccn tre- ;oiOcd pl"n ks of sohd wood - spruc~ for t h.. lOP', usuall y wa ln u t fOf t h..

• bacb an d sldcs , Th e ca rved arch form ..d an onhH.. n rly strun g 'trun" r~ fu r th ..s..

• 15
"nundho.uds, so , h ~ t bnlcmg could I,.. kept to a m in imum and

I
no t OV(·rl y Impede acou.~' 1C vlhrattons. In anochcr crucial
<l lffc rencc from ' he f1 a l - lO~ of th t' day, (heS(' are htop gUit ars
W('rc also filtro ngh r frum Ih(' sIa n WIt h stcd strongs such as I
G ibson was u." " K lin hiS mandol ins (far and away t h.. most
populJr f!"elt...:! InStrum .. nrs of [he day, as they wo uld r.. ma",
for a couple of d ..c",d..,. mord. T heS(' G Ibson g Ullars <"am..d
rountl or oy~1 h"I .." " I (rom Ih(' front we ren', Iild iu lty
d iffere nt look InK "t< lTum ~ntS, but on close examilla n on rh.. "


dcs*n and IU" StT Unlon d,(fe red from pop ular fla c- IOlps '"
al mns t ~\" .. ry dt'm, 1.
TI,.. a'l'h,tl p /<ullaTS cxh,bHed a .,II,!;htly da,kt" , and
war m .. r hUI morC' p rec ise vojc.. than tht h,i;(h(, hvd)", but
I
po t .. nl lll.lly boom y flat -t ops . but wh en mh'n to (he size of
m~n y of Gjbso n '.~ eMly U .. "IloO, - which r~achcd sonw IH "
~nos~ Ih" lowe" oo UI . Il ~a rly 4" hroad .. r than nl mos[ anything •
from Marrin , W as hburn , or oth .. , SI,!;nlflCan[ makers _ they
ht'(:am (' Impr('sslvdy loud m 'Ullm.. nts for their day. T he S t~'"
~ trlnt;S. hody duncmion, and , .. ,,,Imnt volume of 'The G ibson '
;(IWars s.<'t th(' ,ta nda rd< Illt prof[~sJOnal lllStrume nt." t hat

I
nc('<.k d to lx' h..ard am,d II (rowdl.'<.l bandst and in th .. day'
IxforC' alllp ldka w .n, and Ihls carn cd through Ifl to t h.. pn .. ra,
whcn G lh,un 1Ir<-hrol'" [·n[('rl.'<.l
ti, ...... f~c tOrs ;;ave Gibson II
tilC IT golden ag ... To;;.. tht"r,
prom on .. nl l.-ad In a cor ner of rhe
I
}(u.mr mark('r (ha( was barcly th r.... t.. ne<l hy ano[ h('r maker for
a ..:,wwi four or fiv(' d('ndcs, I
Nor long aft(' r uII3HlIn g hiS fi r51 sl,ltOlficam SlI(CC"SS as a

AR~ Dig Bill Br_~ with a latl;l\"


Style 0 , now featurong a cut.w.~,
mak .. r, O ....·, lIc GIbson pn n ..d way' with Ih(' comp:>ny thaI
would carry h,s nallle o n Inl" r h ~ fUTure. 10 1902, WLlh G,h,,,n h, msclf unahlc
de ma nd for hiS lllStrum~ IH '. a COT>$OTll(lm of m usIc SlO re Own~ r, and lawy(' rs boughl up t h~
10 meet Ihe


effecti"el~ the fjut of ib kind.
OPPOSITE ""G~ '()II> Eddie Lang lind his fI ~h(s [0 hiS nam .. and f",m",,1 , h(' G,bson M"nd(,IItl-Gu,ta, Man ufacturing Compa ny Ltd,
Gibson LS, with Seger Ellis a nd his
Embauy Orchestra. OPf'OSlll 'AGl IIIGHT ' t' ralmng O rvIll~ m~ r~ ly "" a co nsul(Ant. T hts rdatlOIl,h,p W:i5 sho rr-h veJ, and he soon
A Gibson L Artist model from 1906,


paned ways wi t h tit .. ntw ol'el1luon. I I!' rel:llflt·d ~ 'hHr~holdln;( In the compan y um,) hi,
deat h in 191H , hu t had no [unher hJlld" -I '" ,ntlllt'n(".. o n Ih ~ g Uitars th at bot~ his nam".
Th ~ nt w ('ompany r.lmlX'd up pr"du( tllm . off(' Tlng (wo Jines of guitar., in thr..., sizts and
a ra ng~ of dl"co!1luve styk~, (h~ ,o(lnd -hol ... 1 ::"yl(' 0 ~ nd o val-holed Styl~ L Tops connnUl"<!
to I)t' .-a n.'I"<1 from solid spru, .. - th .. m o~ r pOl'ut~r wOO<.! [or boc h Ij"aljtr arc hrol' and flat -
top ,l;uitars !O Ih,s day - a nd t h.. b'K k$ and sid('s were suI! (,/ wah"'t (titoll,l;h, o<ldly, (hiS wa~ •
pu bli(ised as Ix lllg mu pk l. G ,b" ,n <oon c hangcd 10 backs alld ~Id ..s of h",:h , and finall~'
.... t tled on ll( tual mapl .. III th" la,t' 19205, and thIS rem ai n, Ih .. pr..-.. mint'n! ""00<1 for che
b3(" Ks and SldC"S of ud"" p ,,:ullal)C While th (' ca rved , aRhed ~pnl("t' top cxhlbns an •
on ht'Tt'ndy warm. TOund ..d t"nal"y, maple's \Olce IS IIgh t .. r, b"K hl .. r, and mor(' dcfinro.
Toget her. they off~r a filII , "cit sound wLlh good nm .. d ..fin or"m, whl(h _ p:> n ncrcd wn h th ..
~ol um ..


ImprcsslH' of Ih(' brl-:er G ibsons _ pTOv..d ,U<l th.. q llal ,ro('S tha I many profeSSIOnal
m USicians w.. r~ <t"t k ln,l;.
Al l hnu,l;h O rvilt~ Gl bwn hJd ", y~ "t t"C1 t he arc:h tol' l: uua r, he hadn 't com .. d", .. to

pt'rf..cnng it. His own dcs'gns U\corpnr~r..d an ,me,lo:.m l It.,dgc WI[h Strlllgs andlll r..d ho;h",d
the saddl~ pi t c(' m rhe S:lm (' woodell plat.. , as on rmd,"onai fial-tops, and a falfly shallow •
n.."" pic(h to alt ow an acce ptably Inw ,m nl-: h('lgh ( o ~ cr the ]englh of th~ fin;; .. ,hoard
l lavin,!; tab n,l; hlS ca rved_ar<; h d~~igns from rh ~ wo rld of vlol m -ma bng, II js surpnS1ll,lo:.


16


• "
ACOUSTIC GUITAR HISTORY
,~""''''~~ =~










• upon cons ulcmrlon (hat h(, .1 "ln'( foll ow rh ,s fo rmat furth!;"f, .. m ploYIn,lo; th .. .'t"1"" .... r.. bTlJS<
and la,J,>J('("(' arm0j.:Crncn( of (hose Inst rumenrs. (oul'ie<1 [Q a mort'
to 3ch ..... ,(' Ihe nco: ssaty b r~k an~:l ... of s mogs Qv(' r bndg~ .
~harpl y hal k-an!( l..cl nrt k
Soon , hIS SUITt""" " "'",T .. <lnmg

• lUSt lhal , ;\mll h~ n ks 10 th e


I h us th(' lOp
"He bccommS
In(r("aS('<.1

a pressu re t OXIU' TCd


(' ~ ('n
to
downward p ressu re 0 (£1,.. "ring' nn
n-a lly Sc( a Murd y arched ro p movln).: - (;,]'" m ,
loud('t and mOTC w oeful S llHars. ("ve n thou,!;h mus. of rht' la,,I!t's[
rh~ b rodgt' , and

• mod('l~ Sl.'l tkd In lit around 16' ['"..thrI than the massIve 18" o f SOrn(' of O rv,llt- (j ,h'0n's
carly crea tIon s.


\Vh d .. thO' mundolln w ~~ ,uil G, b,O(,', most popular proo uct, the company <j\lI ckly
't'al,~~d many adv :!!l( t's on Il""r:.r d~.,, !; n that wou ldn' t be (ully apprccia tcd unlll mnny
years lart-f. Par r nt- ron /< wr.ar ml Xht I)t- ~"t-n as an dabora tdy supedl uou.\ dccot:llivc


{"irnl("nI , a carv(~d sc roll - Ilk (' 'ho rn' at Ihl' up per hass hout of some fancy Styl" 0 /,:U lwrs
o f I<)()S nnd afrer, was an l'xf f(' m(,l y pra([I("aI, .. ven inge ni ous r&:,.." ""!] "f th~ t,,: blt
bo ut ar t he other s!tk of , he nec k {"n ei . T h IS was tht" fi rst common ly ",.. n 'rutaway '

• dt'"S lgn nllowmg plaYl." rs an un precedl'm('(1 rt"aCh up to the 15th frt't .


Prod ucuon CUIAwny , teSlgns woul dn 'l r{"Ol. I' I'("Ilr um ll lat'" In th,. 19l4k OUt In
1') 11 , JUSt a f{"w y(':lrs nfter I h,s Sryle O . ano rher Gihson d ..sig n , th .. L-4 ,

• IntroJ UCcJ a look that 15 e( hOC'<.! far mof(' III arch rops down t ht" y.-an; [han
a nytlung pre~lous l y proJ uccJ by GIbson (a hhough If sliJi nIHu:'.1 rh .. ova l


hoi{" of the d ay ra dle r , han (-holt'"S - I hlS despI te u s L Serrcs tag alonj.(s id .. th ..
round _holed ml.d .. I~) T h" 16" gU Jl ur hud a mof(' symmctrlC"di body shape' and
a plain'" d ... ~~, and ap pt-.rled 10 pl~ y ...... who w ... re commg to app r('(la,{" th e
f"n("[lo",. 1 ,,~ .. r th .. fJ llt Iful
• Thr first (~,I"',"-made flat - w I" H" 't'" arroved ill t h ... late 19 10s, in the form of
th .. ehtap and h:'$ I(" ' Ar my N avy ' modd, whlrh waS a. m~d pfHn~nl~ a\ serv.cemen

• sta t,o nt"d on dmy a • • r.e ( I'>$t ofW" rld Wa r J. 13ut these a re a me re (oo t note Jfl til{" comp:rny's

• 17
hlsw ry wd ay; a (ar mort' $Ignlfican( Jndoplll(, l1 ( o( around th .. sam t' t lmt' was (~ ibso n •
man agt' r; ' bor on).: of mamlo lon vJt(uoso ~ IIJ Jcs lJ; n d Jb bll.'r Lloyd Luar on a hid ro rt'v lvt' rht'
fadin,l.l mandolIn cra ~C'. Loor went SOlll(, ""JY lo wMd dUIllJo( t ha i wIt h hI S refi nM creat ions (hiS
~ -~ mandolon IS widely co nsiJC'nx l l h.. f'int'M , ud , lII' t rumt'm
el.lth(-slrlllgC'd HISt rumC'lI t 's (' ra wa.' .-tI ll o n t ht' wane More sI).:f1Ifiu m
e~'e r made), bm (hn lin k
to a ny h,stor}' o( the •
acOU StiC g un a r IS Loa r"s d t'vd npm .. nt 'If t h.. L-5 g u mlr of 1922. oTlgllla lly concc I"""d as
br).:<:"st mt' m hl""r of
own Tlg h(.
til l." nC'w mando lin Imt'. but ",,~ )f1 put f"rward as a G ibson flagship III
til('

ns

A custom-buitt Gibfon
'Nidi: LIKM', wtth
'FIoNntIM' ct.a:wlrtion,.
By C'mploylll,f! a pa n of (-holt'S In pia,'" nf t ht' 1.-4'5 oval 5Ou n(lhok. the L-:'> too!': the
arch lOp g un ar yet anot he r ' It'p towa rd, Ih.. Vltl' In that had Inspm:d O n',lk G ,bson nearly


from 191L WCM W". ';0 Yl'ars before , and It H!l"tlf porat..d ,." h~ r rd'n .. ml'n rs hc's I<il's. A nl'W tone -ba r bracing
popu lar~-.nd
g u lUrlst of h day, system . fcatutlll~ two par,, ' l ~ ' brans rlln nln l-: und .. r (h.. tOp from b<xly end to Hec k Joi nr ,
famous for 'Tlp-~ offe rtd" l,v .. lier ' .. ~ ro n s .. : a floa rln ~. h ",~h t .t1d' ll Stabk bri dge "lIow"d play ..., to d.. te rmin ..
Through n.. TUlips'.
bmh 't "n.-; len.-:rh an d hl' lg hl , (or oplJ m um (wd l. n.. arl y) Intonation and ani on: and a
,ad i<: 21 n.. w
TI,.. , .. n ~w
~d, u srahlc rruss_ roo allo wed , !;)r th ... to r't t im .. , p lay~' adJlIH m .. nr of nt ( k how.
(j ihso ns wr n' Ih" 1110$( finC-t LJll'lbk. pre ciS )()Il-udJu..,tabl .. gui tar> "Vtf madt' , and •
In I h~

t(~ J k
n.. w ,I; .. nd y .-: rad ll ~l l'd 'Crr m onu browu ' sun bu r't f'lIlsh, th .. y
I'ros like F.dd ,t Lang and FfC'<.1 G uy were alrC'ady
u p th .. advanct"<1 nl'''' L-~ Jfl Jm~ c~.
pla y l!l~

W hil e (;, b"')1\


L-4\, and
wa.~ 6 ,t
l(~l ked

th~St'
t ht husintss , roo.
and manyu tht' rs
~'tahI 1s h lll '-: I!Self a$ l ht' •
brand of choicC' In the jau world, t h.. ~ u lta r as an 1Il~{fum .. nr

l'''l'ula"t}, ro k("("p the compa ny a ntl~t. '" ma nd"l lll' , H awa IIan gUit ars. an, ] ban/os (n{"\l'r a
b, ll ~
sti ll dld n'( havl' C'llOugh



G ihson slrong su tt ) also hdpt'd (u ray (h..
As li S 3rrh lOps se tt l.-d III a.~ th .. m ark.. r ].,acll'f, G lhSOIl bowoo 10 anot her burg('Onlllg
ma rkn and re l"aSt'd It.. fi n; r ·prop.. r flar-rop ).:1.1I1ar III 1926 III the form of tlu' slmpl .. , nO","


uch -lt'!iis I.-I T h.. ('om pany srl l1 d o:-arJy d,Jn't bC'l le~(' III t he vlTt ue o( t h.. Hat-wp a.~

a ", rulU.~ I n ~t ru men r RS thl' L·I ·s rl,!:lc.I cross br.:oclng and lac k of a t rus.,-md ma k..
d "", r - h u. st"rvl c("mcn. coJ[l',!:l' 5\uJl'nt S, blu ..s belte r" and t'v"n a f..w (ou m ry
and ("Owhoy Sl n,J.:("1"$ Wl'r(' plpy,ng (heS(' flat -tops. SO G ,b."", muSt han t houg ht
it had ht-. rt r jum p on thl' ba ndw3,f!on. JUSt t wO y..-.", la r" r (; ,],"Ifl
a q ual It }' flat-rop was a " iab l" proouet. and sign.-d up N ic k Lucas, tilt fi rsr
acccpr~d t hat

' ew ,(]"d ,l;lI Ha r Slar, \'S a Sl,f!IW tu rC Jrt ISI. Th" NKk I. u<:as model dch ur t"<i w irh
I.h t same hody SI£C nnd shaSX' ns the L- I , but wd.1 sl~ !lI fi,.a n tl )" d .... !"'f, so p,o<iu ct"<1
'ich . loud so und (or iu s i ~e . Th,s MUl t" r r...u. h"d Its ~Pl to m t 1n 1933 , With a •
slig htl y la rger and sti li
solid rO';~w"od
<'llIlt~ (I "~ r body, a 14-frt r nl'ck, and bac!.: and si,ks of



Alrhou!o; h Ih ~ ro mpnn y was strugg ling, li kl' so many other g ult ar_
makt ts, m .. , .. ly ro ~ Urv I V(' rh (, Gr(,IlI l"K-p rr sslOll _ and achlcv ing tim
pa rd y hy m. klfl" I.lll m-(" he~ p K:,h"ll ......oo-br~ ndcd gu a ars a nd "v"n
w""d t n w ys - rh(" ('1lrly to mH.I- 1910s proved a time of majm
d"v.. l"pmt n r, Ifl ,IC'Slg n ,('rillS Ilt l(';Jsl. III 19j1. no doubt partly
r"' ru nst ro com p(' tI {lon from n('",comcr Eplpho ne , G ibson (,oldly
If!


'ad~"anced'

from 16- {Q
rhl' J-,o..l l<'S of Ih(' (our la r~('st of ItS sIx-'tmng ar<:hwp rang ..
17", T hiS mau.:- tho.' CU ltlll8 mapl .. -Ix od loo anhwps t'v~n


IOll(kr and OCHCr abk to com pet .. III t h....."lumt' W31"$ on rh~

oo ndsta nd
For a time' t h~ tWII Ufm ra n,...,; < hll5..d u( h orht'r' Epl phonC' 'advancN'
li S body S'~l'S, Jnd G ,h!>lIn pu~h ..d rh" ~ nv~lol'c ~v~ n furrhl'r by ("('ru mlng (()
Ihe m ammoth I H- b.xly ""z.. "na""n~ lIy st~n way back 1Il rhl' 18<)Os, anJ •
' ntrod uccd Ihe sU!>"tb, hlJ.: h-t nd ~u p<" r 400. :'0 It Wl'nl. lI n n l G ibson u umJ>C'd
thl' bid once and (or all wit h ,t, !'r"m,~r mtld tls of 1939: l -~ and Supc r 100 gUitars


18



• wll h rou nd C'<l cu taw ays , a nd aV3,lah lt' on an op t Io nal natur~1 ( blond e) fi n Ish . In 1957 ( ; '[)sO Il
wo uld win tillS bJ l tlC ha nd s d ow n b y pu re-hasln).: i:! p ip hnnt' , b ut for now t h" com pan y h ad

• malll t" " ,,,,J Its pos it IOn as kaJ lng a r<:htop -ma kn hI' VIrt Ute of dt's lg n a nJ
M...."",h,[.. , G ibson 's most S<.'n o us llnd lo ng - Iast in).!; foray
("Om ", ,n 19 H wid, rh,> HlI md uc tlon of the rou nd -shoul dt'T<;·J
I nW
q ll~ I I\ ~·.

th .. i1 ,lt -t flP ma rkC't h;\d


d n:ad n "u~h t ~ hJ po.'J Jumbo,



WI[h 3 16 " In ",<" [)I 'u t Tim on e model was [,(, placcd by two ,n 19 \6, th ..
Adv3fl( ..d j u m bn. b l h cu rned t he sa m" body shapt· and 16" WIdt h , b ut I h.. IJ I[.' r ((';l. (U rcd
n~''' W'K>d [""I. and s l dl'~ fi)r t he fi rst li me on any G ihson, ma k j n~ " J.' " d . as II WIIS 10 u,1.
All rh .. wh, I.. , !I.t' ,"" m""ny "'.IS h,,"mg rC'Jsonab lc success "" rh II.<
J-n

.mAII ",. 1..- 1, L-O .Ill..! L-


and th ....

00 fh , -tups, hut It, mll't ,t flk,n g moo d of the brcrJ ca me In 19 .17 10 th ~ lur m III J c ustom


InS fru mr nr Ofl J.;l n:. lly mad~ fllf slIl glll g <-owOO)· R a), W hHlcy (no dOll hT a rt" p'Hl'It' !()

,\-h mn 's coup w lr h rh~ Gt' n ~ Au try 1)-45). T his 17 · !lJt -IOP had fOundt·'! ho urs l h:lt mJcll'
II m ore curV:lceOI' S dl~ n [ht· rh, ( k-wast(".-l Dreadno ug ht look . and was a $t flk m~ Insrr um ... nt

• on stag" . ProJ uct ion 1ll000kl s were In rro<i'K("n


mnd y Sj -20 (1 , Made wi lh rose wood bac k and
guit ar provt'd th e onl y f<' al rival to Marrm 's 1)-4 5 as
a~ t h ~ Sup<" r j Ulll bo, laler SUlX'r ) uml:>o 200 or
sid ~s ~for~ th~

th~
war, "lid m:lpk
instrum ellt th"t lkdftt('d a co un rry
a fl ~ r. [h,S

• " !l g ~ r had mad .., 'I, T hro ug h th(' yea.rs rhl' two f1val. would
III Ill " "d fall, y scri pt fin g(' rboard name Inlays as I h~
,e~k W

{"(I,WIll
outdo ('a ch Olh er ,n I'>('arl
" rd~ 1'; rol led III from on to


(.() Ull tr y & w.:'s t ~r n .~ t llt or anot her.
Wo rld Wur Jl sl' lw,>d G rbso n's prod uct io n. bu t dldn 't hair It .. ntm·ly ~ ..; It d id l1uII of
, o m.. ", h.. r mak .." . St...,l , hm tug ... s t(''-! u, red g Uit arS to ht- hU llt WIt ho ut (tu., ,-rtx!s. bUI


G lh$o n ,nIrW uI ... d , .." .. r. 1 """, m"d d s Il onelhdess . notably rhc ) -4 5. ) -50, dnd Sc ,ul hc rn
J umbo Wor h WlI rn r a m rl lfo( ~ t " l11 " " '" Ilf lll ly ent renched as t he ./-:1t:./-:mJ: J:1" r--. \",(, ' J" lour.
t he er:l o{ Ihe g t('a, acOUSltC arch ro p,~ was "v~r ( n" suc h OC:lSt would evcr $url'a" Ih"

• ", hoJ>J> I n~

we re
bUll t_'" or
Sup(' r -100 In t h... com pany's
emer~ l n~ mor~

fl();I \J ll~
and mor~
OI ta l o~ u d, and G ib-.o,, ·s o",n examples of th(' or<:"<:"<l
of' cn as fiacwry -' pt:{" "1,,nrlL
jllCI.. UpS Th e:- COlll pany ha(1 "'gut'<!
mod el~ u u ymg ont' or rwo
r~ b {J vd y ~ 11l{)()t hl y JlllO fla, -, op

• pmd uCIlO!l , alld ItS jlOSlI lon as a


G ,b.... n WJS lak... n o~ e r
m~r k t· ' I..ad" r ra rd y "",rlll"d
by t h... h uge ( h1(a).to MII, inl
JIJ an y !!fCat da ngr r In 1944
' n ' [ fII lll ~Il{S cnrpor:lu on «( M I), hll '


th ... dlJ !tu l... to d,sruJl t Ihe flow.
P".,t-WJ ' "' lro JuctW n S C~ [J\'" o nl y III drih hks, a nd i fld lJd ~d ti,,, j - \ 1-I5 , III nppcun nc('
vt' ry 1ll1l 1 h ~ ,m ~ ll ~ t \ ('i" version of the 5)- 20 0 (wh ic h was " OW "mply t h~ ) -201J), t he e)-
100 Wlfh p(l l n ' ~d UHa WJy and ('pl i')ll<11 pic k up . and ) - 160 with smnd a rd p" k up - J brnc
• pe rfo rm('f os ~n 3CO\IS [I( , h llf mad ~ fa mou, (or its us c by T he B\"~rI~s on m,,,, y ~" rl)-'
reco rdmgs, A m ~ I ' l ('- ho.. l l t'd l ) r~adn(luH h t .-a l l~d the Dove arnved In ,hI' ~.ul y IY(i II"

• foll ow<.'d by Ih" lIum mlll g h.rd ,


co llt ours of a ) - 185 . S~ ks
~ n d ~ ll E v~ rly Urnth~rs ,ig llatllt e mod d wlf h Ih"
of G lh wn's j Ulllhm and ,mail e r L Sc ri{'s !l"t -tOI'5 (n(Iw ' 1.( ; ' for
'lll tl e g UlI ar') ti c ked \l long nI Cc\ Y. h UI 1 \I ~ r wh"" Ma rt In ",a, <.ap lt dh n ng 0 11 d l ('
")!I n c! ~d

fol k hvt ,m

• of Ih... b t ... 1<) 50s \l nd ('ady 1960s . G lhson "u em l"'" dK id"d
""" ys Ihut w(.uld ulti m ately o nl y m~ke rh"lll l (".~ ~ d"~lTabl" bmh
to 'u pgnde'
111
m a n ~' mo..l .. l, ,n
pla} c rs and co ll ('("I(\1';
des l~n 1II' t"J: ' tr r p<"ts " t"d thmug h m uch of ' ht' n,," 1


Tim wt'nll ng l)" pomd ...ss dedm ... III
II""" d", ad,'s
It IS wurt h " <lUng thJt G ,l>son archtops wet(' made ' 0 a ran~" ..f .,,·al..-le llg t hs, sollie 10


,," ha r " " ,m m<lnly l'" n"d"rt'd tht' ' full leng th' 25 n:- of ' hr Mar" " s tand ...d (..."ne- e"e n a
lu de long ... r), a n,', so m.. '1 ul r ~ a hit s hurr" r. 11m us fiat -tops. ho w,,'(". rh.. {"O, m p__ ny ",,,I<.'d
III on a 24.X· sca k -lf;" n).: , h (no, '1111t" t h" 24 X· [h.lt .s usuall y ,-! uQ( e{I). whIC h off~ " "" , II}(hd)

• eas ,,' r p b Y ln~ feel Ihan rh(" lon ..... r Sl lIn ... l ~"g [h of J,-bttln and man y ot hers, !>!If WIT h a I,tl l..
less pow er and vol um ~, all .-Isc h.;-.n... ~ '1 l1al , a nd ")Ill ~ li mes a \O uch less harmo n I, Sl'lI r kl ~ ,,",
well.

• A hClgh t-ad juswbic brld g ... fin ed 10 many fla[ - wps in \ \j5 7 se r"" d m aml )" lus t ' 0 dt'adt' ll

• 19








I
th."" Instrument, ' tHna l ''''1''''''''. w ill i.. od lt-, t'ff"rt_, to ' lr<"l'g d w(l tops fun hn chokeJ o ff
arou~ { "- ["So nan.," In a s rrn n..,:t' parall .. 1 [4, Ma n ln \ ,11-..d",.,OO In trod uction of h{'a ~Jcr

bran ng an<1 a r{,lnfornn..: roSt'wO()(I hro d.t: .. plat(' ,n 1970, (I ,h,,,,,, - und e r nt'w ow nt"rs •
Ecu adoro an Co mi" Jn ~' Lt<1 (ECI.), soon r(' Oa ml·.! Norl on - ht-xan d uu b llng IfS X-hraClng on
1971 to crClII C sl o rJ u' r, b ut [anaHy d('ad soun.lbo:m ls
19605 anJ 1970 5, 'Ilong wHh I h(' com p~ n ys

ffi lSgUldc-J e(fo n s 10 rc;{k slgn t he GI bson Oa t-lOP


(}u ~l, ty <It-d int"<! rnp,clJy
I'C'pIH:n' on as an acoustIc mak" •. N ohl" hu t
In 1977 In ,he for m of , li t" Mar k
In 'h.- lact"

s.-"..~ •
fo uled. Certa inly th(' <"I'.m l,, ), o f G ibson d ('( rtl cs su ffe f('< l too u nd" . Norlin
19 705 and carly 19805, b ut t he tC.'(l ffiC ot'\l r ly snu ff...·d our [ he co m pan y"s gr.-a,
,l(ouS tiC kg;'cy en tIrely
In [h"


N OtlH' h~ d opened offices III N :lslw ilk,
manu f~ctunn g f~ c J!Jt ,e~

p lant ",m ordy. By th, ,< t, mt',


T('nnc-~(' r, In 1<)70, foll owc-d by somt
III 1974 , I n 198'1 G ibson produ ctIon le ft th{" Kalam azoo
h ll w~ vt'r, Norlo n w ~s ru nnHlg inw d ,ffic ul u{"s , and
G ihso n soo n w",nr lht w:' y uf u t ht'r mu ~ i (a l lm[r U m~1It d ,v ,~ io n s t he com p any Iud


b''l'n se llll1 g off. Radw r th an h ~ ral d ,n ll l h ~ cI"ath of t h ~ l ()O-y~a t-o ld brand , (he
change p robab ly
H ~n:ard
S l'~ rt'<l (J,h son ~(0 l1 S11($,

Bus1O{"$S & hoo l ~ j>p lu;-d rh (" lr


and rr fim'li It , an d Wef{" soon st'('lng a pfofit
" r('~ m

s tl1d,,,~ to
of fn~nds

th .. ailin g company,
In 19 8 7
wh o had

th~ y
m~t

tnmm ~d

hough t th",
at


Flauron m3ndolm (om pa ny 10 lk lg rad(', Montan a, and transpla nted many
of ]( $ skol led m akers to a nt'w Glhso n a(O UStl<;
nru r by IJo;«,ma n soon of( 'r (har, lIo7-'."ma ll , Mo ntana, wa. ev",n furl h",r
~ u lt ar pla nt "p"ned III

from Kalam 3tOO (han N ~s hv .J k , bu, th{" opl" n mg of [hi s fan l"y ma rked
th{" sah.-a(Jon or G Ibson a(OuSt ICS, and $oon th{" fint'Sf such ms[ rum .. n"
HI 30 or 40 y{"a rs were (olili ng OUt of th e new W{"Sfl"Tn wor kshops
I n th", ",a rly I 9 9'Os IIl no"~uvt' St ~ r ~nJ StMb u rst cu taway models In rully


and ~lt't trn-!l(oU'l1l ".1r1~ 1I0I ' ~ showed that G Ibson coulJ mJCTJ


apply ,[s nam ~ [II tt'(h ,,~ , IHg ~tally aJ v~ "u,J acouSl lC gUitars, whIle a
rost'wood- hod , ~ )-60 j)r~!ldnu u~ llt and th" ... tTurcl"b]" Wor kmg Man scrocs
a t hot h ~ "d~ of t h" 'q ua lI ty' prK" bral k~ 1 Mea n wh,le, thc
g rtattsr rtnt'wtd Inlnt st ,n 'ntw ' (~ , hsl1 n at"",,,U" waS "tT~ r~cl w precisely detailed


20


• rt''''U~S al .. ng tht' I'nt's of , h.. ) -45 , j -200, Blu..s K IIlg (a
s'«('am of of h..n; T h, s r"",.sIon of pa5 f
f (>V . Si"J L-OO), NICk Lucas nnd
glo'''''' ....... n g tew ,",mfidt',,! .. nuug h to IIlduJ e til<'
~

• rt"turn of .wo mo. l..!, of a typO' many play..n; prohab ly


IlCQlI$f,{" al"("h ro]>s. In 1 99~ . rh(' Nash,,; II.. Custom Shop hrough t On ' a
thou~h[ ,hey'd flt"Vt" _' .... ag.lIn

''''''Ul' of (ht'
fully
19)4 L -


5, which was (0110",'(... 1,01003 hy an 1.-7 ("u taway from th .. lmzt'man f:uwry
G, h$on ', rent w,.. 1 suc("('ss In rh(' IlCOIIS£I ( markt"l IS norh",,!; l iLa- Mart,n ,< ' t'/uvt'na IlHIl :1[

,h.... od of ,h.. last (t'nlury. n u t has h rough t a n umht'< of XU:31 mudd, I>a( k fmm d, .. h rilik .


and offen·'! som.. ~()()(1-50Undln,lo: n"",,, <1"Slgns ht-s i.-l",s. And of ("IJUf'<t' tht' 3'-<)U.'[I( b rJurh I~
onl y a J,>O n .on of rh(" ('ffo rr s of a com pany . hM ha5 In crtas in,l:ly conn:n tra. "" on th .... I.., u lt 0ff'0m[ ""(if un An SJ·200 Custom
model, built In 19]7 for country artist
mar kfl s '"{~ I hf daw n of am l' llfi{al lon. and (f rral ol y 51 0 ((, rh(' arroval of (h(' f'rsr I... , I'~ u l Ray Whitl'!y. ~. PAGE TOP The

• model m 19')2. EVfn so. If Ihf "l u~ll1y (Onlm UfS to rr~(h Ihf siaodards ach,('vr.;1 on 1 ~()1.~ma o
Everly Brothers In 1963, with a pair
of J·200,;. IElOW Sheryl Crow WIth ~
o'u die p~~1 j() yfOr5. G, bsOll acouslics sh ou ld Ix- hUf to swy. prized 1962 Country Western















• 21

THE CHICACO MAKERS
Eve n wIt h Ma n", loca((',J In N a,aret h, P('I1I1'yl vanlll., and Gl Own lfl Ka Lamal oo, M ld ".!!an, •
t h .. C" n Cr., of the Aml"fl can gUItar Indu. l ry In t h.. ..arl)' 10 mld-1900s was Clu c-dgn, 1lI'Ilnls,
H1 m "-~~ man ufan u rmg lnm s ut k~> { Ane! althou", h no <I("ta iled fITo rds "''' 'St to back "I'
sU~' h a d aim, ,t's a fa n bel to SoIy d'JI m nr.. X", rars W('I'(" maul' C h,cago bt-cw.... n arou nd •

In

IN9() and 1% 0 than , n ,h..- .,'SI of {h.. ",um ry (om h , n('d If nO! till' n:S ( of t h .. world Som..
0/ ti ,.. ll affitcS w dl nor sound [... md,.,!! w pl ayt'rs of today who h aven "! yet dabbl...d In the


history of t ht' 'nSlmmC"m, hut glJll t' J,k .. H armony, Kay. W ;.sh hurn and paren t company
l ynn & H('aly. [h(' Larson Brotht'r.~, and K.. gaJ romh,nt"J [0 ma ke the \V ind y City a ""fltahle
cI" ar in/ot hOllse fo r , he bu rgc"<llllll g >1~-M Tl nx Dunn g thIS grea t m H,h. ·"s r"rn ~ it )'\ hoom y"a Ts
thn " m l~ h r still h ave ~n mnT" ("nJt' In <"' hl(a~o t han ,f:u lt ~n , b ut It wa.~n't for wa nt of rrym~,
Washb urn IS know n today a~ a (]\I:l lll y AS lafl-m.ak brand, hut from [h~ 18 80s to I he •
1920s g uit ars u.e ~ r"',1( [h" G t'Or~e Was h burn hl1><'1 a" d m h" , hrand s of rh e Lyo n & lIealy
company t'>rm .. d Ma rtin 's h,t;gfS t n V'IJ In tb~ 'l u.d,t y flat- top m"r kct T hey also provld.,J
man y ITlOf" affordabl ~ ,ns rnlm e ll t5 to bUy t'f., WJ t h ,hall owtf Ixx kcts , The compan y was
founded by t' )rm .. r l)"son reI's George \'V',I,h bu ril Lyo n and Patri ck H e"ly ill the lat t I S6(h , •
initIall y to rH ~ iI 'nsr rum e m s bo ugb t in (ru m <Hh" , mak.;' rs, hur by [he earl y IS HO, w",
offenn); gU Ita r,; and orh," It ems mti ll uf~ ((~H.-d at ItS own nt'w facl h ly,
W a,h hu rrl, wt' rt' n" v(', as well m,lde ,I. "'bre ill'. th "y W"ft' ext remely ble wa h m,,, t
modd" If' lTlo~"n)o( from (coss-hr:.lc lllg (~h" k ,,,, wn as ' la, lde r' b raCing) 10 t h" >trun g yt'l


mus ical X-bra'- 'n)i; pa l(c rn , and m ~dc J Vi rtu .. uf t h" " fac rory-h lll l' on gltls ... er'lL' Mart,n's
ha"d crafts manship, n Ut th('y WCfC J.x.l tt'T~UI [ ars {han many others of t he day, and I he y (-amt'
III a mnJ.(e of c urrcnt sh~pes and d .. w Ta",'" sl yies th:lI cou ld C'<jually luft' any playr r who •
",= n 'l aWa re of t he fin" p!llnh nf aCOUS{I( (onscructlOIl
O utward ly, " "hI ea rl y Washhurns bore a
whICh ... ere de-,.. Iy 'r~n
f'('~cmbl~llC" w th" pop u[at MartinS, tOO ,
as dt'S I;l: n Ie... ders nell I lO y.. ~1'\ ag"_ Tht')' were mamly small.
bod ied ",_,u umt m < w" h rounded Jowe r hou t" narrow walsrs, and propo ru OIldlly •
n~rww sh"uld .. rs of I h.. sryks rang ltlg fWIll wha t w" woul d today consider 'parlour
B' u lta r, w 00 OT $m:lllf[ 'conCf rt ' - ~ l z.>d B' u lta", and w .. rt' oft cn m ade from g()od
s{()c ks of ",I"j SI' TlKC and Bral , l' J n ro",wl~>d Sum.. collenors coday get exci too •
about hi ).: hly dt'Cora mf Cil rl y WJ,~h b u' n ' m( h a5 th .. G ra nd Conce n modd 309,
with d al>orat.. fingerboa rd 1I1l.lyS (,I' pt'~ , 1 a nd s olvrr, blll (he "',lS[ m ajor it y of the


mak .. r's insuu mcflt s werc s Lrn pl~, alf" ITS t har (0111.1 bc sold ~c ro,.s th~ u)(I ntry '"
,l;tnl'tal stores, musi c ,I h" t'" Itac h' ll,l; sl\ld,os and vi a ('m:llog ue hou , .. , for far Itss thall
th e 309'5 lofty ~15 S r~( a,j pro,t,
Mod d s III fami l,ar p laln " r S(yies and slll.lil to ", ~dJU'"

st oc k in (fadt' th rOU,I; h rht hmn d 's fin e e ra, uml w" r.. al." th .. main offecltlp of
ot h." Lyo n & Ht'aly hm nds su ch as College Lm", J upit er, u..keside and American
S'Zt'S were W as h bu rn 's


Con,,, r ... a ru rr. a lt hou gh n fe w for ward -loo k l!!!; lar!;t'r IIlstrumems wl're
("'(:a, ion al ly offtrt... I, such ~s t hc I ~' Wid .. Washhu rn Con{ra Bass of l889
(With a 27 '1/ scsk-kngt h ), or , h .. jum ho-s.z.,.-j La kemlc Bass GU lIar of •
19 12 , wh.ch /xS t the Man ln D,t"'on Dr""d noug h ( to

years, aod ... a$ a Ill tic I~rgt'r Ilo<'Sld .., T h..s.. were fCIIlgt' drons, hO"'t'~'''r,
( he ma rket by filUT



and " n a ca ugh t on HI any n umhr rs.
Washhu m ', m, o;l,,1 off~ f("/o:s wc re t nmmed J own aft"r World War I.
anJ wert' g"n" rally I..s) .. Isho ra t ~ ix's lJes, bUI the 'l uaJity of rh,,&<, glucar.;
lIlcr(-'"~sed .t anyt h ing, rhanks largely to

1I10' C wl" eh ",I.", madt'


:I Wider
brJc lllg tha t had Ilrt'n ~ 1\bnm sta ndard for 1110[" t han 50 y""rs hy then, a
r h ~m t'as , ly \Idapt ab le 10 th e n ~w l y
~mploym"nt of rh~

popular sted srnngs,


x-


P la)'ers and colll'<to rs a[,k r are occaS IOn.1lly clmlJed {() d" Ulv~ r a top Washburn


22


• mOod!."1 of rhf l<) lO~ r har "'ILSo ly fl V3. I ~ a Ma rtin 0 - 1 H or 00- 2H for ro und. (onSIrI.K!J o n q uu lO!y
and ma t(, fJ uis, b ut se lls fOor !l fl'llC IOO Il o ( the 1"'''''' _

• In (it" 10\(' 19205 Ihc Was hou rn hrand underwent a num bt- r of o Wlln slllp
m~ nag" rlal (h~ ng c-s , a nd t hiS ~"('n('n).lIy m arks [1'1...... nO of rhe wear fi rs t .. f a of till A mc-n cu ll -
~ 'IJ


maJ(' gUl lars, JR , Ste wa rt boug h t Lyon &. H t:lI ly's m an u fac-r u f ,"~ fu.-il, ty "' 19 211 Alt houg h
L& I I (OI1I "'U(-d for a li llie 10 m arkc t , h(' gUit ars , It sold o ff irs eO[ l f(' d,s rro butJU" bUS iness
10 Clucago's 'loo k Brot hers ,uSt a yffi r later. Tonk marknt:d J _It. Stewart _bUl h W .,ts h bulO S OO?OSrn !'AGE A lyon & He'a ly Washburn


Styl. 108 from 1892.
unt , l Ih (' o nsc t of t hl." G rea t DcplX'ss lon st'llr t hat ma nufanu ru n ut of bu" n.. ~s , (h('11 fJrmoo
. nOW A H¥mony MofTt1!.ny from
out g ..ut.,t, p rod uction 10 t hc I'Jlh('( moT'(" dowo marht 1I. ... ,I(al. Rt'ga J ",,,-, /ounJ.' J In 1948 IlOnOM Ha ...,any'~ cata kogue
from ' 959.
lnd ,,,n.lI',,I,s ' n 1!'19 6 anJ IIIO\ .... U 10 ChICago ill 1904 , aftt'r w hic h It was p urdl ~,, ~J by an

• .. xpan dmM Lyon &


totally stl'am r ~ f()
1 1 ~~j y Th m ugh the yC:l CS th:\{ foll owt'J , howeve r, or m,unr aln ..d a
L& H 's Wa. hb urn g UII MS, a nd Regal wa s :lgam:l separare t'm lry from rh at
rapi dl y ,hssol vmg co mp., n y hI' Ih" t Jm" II wok nil t he bu ild lllg of Wash bllrn - bmn <led
l ",~

• gU Hnrs for Tonk Brot he rs,


R q ;a! gu ll ars w~r~ mn rk (·!(·" un d" r a Wi d" ran;;" of mlle r uamt'S Gnd ud lllg mnn y o tll('r
w~ r~


Tonk Bro til('t s bra nd s. l'neo n & Ih y, SI,ngt' ri an d , I{e",rd ing Kin g and ndwt s), and
mos tl y wo rkm anli ke h ur w(' I1 -hu il r ,nHr um en " , Eve n prior to 1930 they tardy s lt~l( h ~d to
Ihe <.j U,I!,ty oft h~ b~tt ~ r Was hh urns - no r (t' rla,nly anyrh Lug I,ke whar Maro n W<lS lurn",!,
ou l bUI w ~t~ n~ven h(' k ss sui " I, playahlt', ,I\{ ~ KI ~'a l ue g Ulra" rn "dl' w,t h nl! 5011<.1 woods ,
• anJ popula r wlIh n w ,d~ mng~ of stu den ts ami shallow-po<,k"too pruf", s[{)n"ls a llk~
Rq :;ll . bu llt Wns hburn s W~ l'(' n ' ( h;u l j.(lll rars as ~ ",- h , bu t wert' g(nerally kss~ r

• lIlsrr urne nts than the y had oc...n lhroug hom mOSt of rhe makt"s prec"d mg I",tury lla >'lIlg
swd l..d to m a.~~l ve proportions by lh(' la[e 193&, Regal s utTnM bad ly cl urm)o( [h.. WM y..atS
and em" r,lo;...d mainl y uff" rlng d" wnm .. rke[ /l ul -tnps and arrhtnps Wao; h bur n· hm nd ..d XUll a rs.

• hu t com tn ut'd tQ sl ip down Ihe q uaill y ,<-alt'< und vamsht'd


\'«W II, w hol .. . h.. ,r ma n ufan ur" r 01 " ,mt' [en y..... r.. d,dn'l su r" ,"e m uc h pas. ,[
In 1974 B("( kman Mus,('II,1 Ind usm ,,' of l<", Angdes putchasoo Ihe r'g hlS 10
In all bm nam(' (I I Ih(' ou rSe'1 of

. h~

• \'«as hburn nam .. nnd QPpl,t'<lu


passed bn(k ' 0 Ch,eaXO, and ,n
I/)

I h~
a ranx" of baSl~ JUpaIlt'St' ,m pons. But t he bro nd wns soon
hands of a small com pany (allrd Fr(,lIed Instrumenrs


(lal r r Washb urn Inierna(Ionaj) nc,ga n to 3 5c .. nd th" q ualil)' sca les ollce ag:Hn, wll h Orncr nnd
Ort lcr Im ports com ,ng In from J a pan t hrOllgh th t' 19RO, and ,nto tlt~ 199(),~ ;,tld Oryo nd
G UJ\ ars In the Festlvt,l Se u ('s, N at l'"(' /\nW flca n Sn'ts, a nd th.. w,d e. rang ing D ,~C lles of


Dread nough ts Itt"'e eo n win~d respected models, mcl ud lng rh.. li k..s of t h.. D-Ill ' Wildw ood'
w, t h a .<I, lid ,p rUI ~ t"P, all , ol id r(,, ~ w,'J.OJ back and sides , and ('bony h r" lg ~ and fj n,l(~rl",a rd

Har mony was fOlll1 d .. d ,n Ch,(ago ,II 1l'l '} 2 by yet a nolh er G erm an lmm'grant , W ,lh .. lm

• J .E Sc hui!7. , and soo n aft ... {hat b..gan tI,t' a' ''Kiatlnll w][h t he growmg Scars cnrnl ogu" and






• 23

d("lmrtmc m store company t hat t'n ~ hlt'd It 10 W"w lOW fhl" wo rM 's larw.' s, m anu[act uff'! of
gUi tars. llll' bUI ld q ua lifY " f Harmony ,"~lrt1m('rus I'\lrd y matched t hose of Gibson Or •
Maru n , or "'veil " f W,,-,h hu rn \ mon- .. kvnred mo<irls , but t ho;-y wert'" gc ncl'".lUy m uch iX't!<'r
thdn tht'lr la[<', r" p u [at,on ml ;; h r it'ad you to bd lc\(' taJay. II.trmoll)' waS bUI ldi ng gUI[ar~
for sled ,{[Jogs "-• .-arly as 1899, Gene Auny. Roy Smc.::k. Jlld BraJ ky K",kaid nu m bered •
~mong ItS t'"dof",mem anlsrs; and un ll l Ih(' 1.><1.S$ IOP; of th .... bund Ul I h... mid- 1970s m a
'rcoodgmg ' Im pon " , , ,," IIIn!; Korean-mn.le mSHumcnts. all ItS An)(,Tl cao-ffiad e afoU.\tll.'


wcrt:" COnSlructN "f all solid "'oo.ls O n fOp of a ll thiS. i1 Jr lllony hJJ the ptlC lIIg thai
en.lbled It {() I:.md Jo: u orars In rh" ha nds o f ",Iayr rs t h al G ibson or MMtUl J U~I cou ld,, '( , ....,. h
Th" Hawa iian mu sIC c r:> ~e of the 19 105 \,nJ 1').?Os provldnl on., of H ar mony'.. r,"1 big
,,,I.,s booms, and , he SU I'(' (l ont' b rand n.unr - JC'I ulr..d by H ar mony In 1916 - was a
maon,ray of hudgel and mId _range
mahog any H awJllan gU Hdrs J Pp" J r~J
In~ trunl~m.

ull dt'. tht'


,n rh ~ r

~ur,., rr un r
,;., nr" (,,, y(ars. AII - koa and all -
hr:>nd, and .he name shifted to a •
r:>nge of other II armon y ml" I..!, OVt'. tli ..
includc the V~g"b() tld alld l' ~ t" (_ l an

Voguc, Mo nt cre y and Mdr'lUI .w I. llt'., "ftht' Inrr


Y""" ()r hrr popu lar H armony rrademar ks wou ld
f1ar -wps an d Cn'mo na a r( hcop5 of thc early 193()s, th e
1 930~, rhl· hudget Stclla5 oftll(' laIC 1930s •
and carly 191\0s, 'lild t11~ ullu,u,,1 a IUm l!llllm- mmm tcl HolIday Coloram" senes of the
1 9~Os, And III a n unu,udl lalt' ral ,h,fr . , ht' , .. rm .flXly uh"lUlf OllS Sovc['{'ign Dreadno ugh ts of
~w "n •

H armony's Imer year., h .. d a(.'IUlr..-d t hr " n:l mr fn!m a of ,csoll awr gUHa rs of lhe
1930s. illcreasHlgly (.h~ar and w.. lI-madt' Japanj'w Imports o f the carl y 1970s offe rc..J
competition t hd t li armon y ju,1 ("uldn'l fi l\ h r ~ales ('I I away, and III 1976 Ihe name was


sold off. It has (.hang"d hand, a f"w II mt's SJIlCe, o nl y 10 aplX'ar 011 vd flOuS ranges of A"an
"llpo n . n "~'''' Wllh any las tIng success ' n dIe market.
T ht: $t<;- Ib nam,o had. along with the SoV(n 'Sn b""' lId, I,...,n a ,ra ndby of tht' OS("lI.r
s<'hmidt compa n y of Jcrscy Cny, N ew jrr"y, ",llIdl "'J.' ... h ..... Sr... r. '''pplin frum tht' !'ady
19()('k unr,1 rht' sale o f liS gUI tar fanory III 19:1), "'hllh r"sultN In th"
hy Harmony III 1938 O SCll r SdmllJI "'d.' a rr'P""'rrd mak.,r, rn ll("h on rhe Was hburn-
nam"~ ~on,l( a("qulrt'd

Har mony range. I hal had k t'n
(om pany 's jXLdOUf ~ U llJ rs
mJn u fJltun"~

of t lo .. "~ rI )'
"nl1gN Instr um" nt, 5In(.. 1879 , Some of rhe
20,h ('rf1lUry wt' rt' ,-tt'"rnr enOIl).;: h Iflstruments, but


nevcr attamed Ihc famc of th t g<;" lI t ' <lIJ)' 1<;"., wrll -hu ol { - h ut lar).;:e r, and loude r Stella
models such as tilt' li-strlug g u .t;.Ir /a mou., ly p1.'yee! hy H lldd,~ Tt'adlx-Ily' I.("d bcucr, and
rhe six- and 12-s tn ngs pby~d by Blin d W,II ,,," Mi Ttl l, C hari I,· Patwn , Bllllcl Blake and
many othcrs. N OIlt: of tht: ()" a, So: hmll-If - madl· ).;: ul fars havt' ~ch lcvcd A-list (or cwo B-lis! ,
p"rlo~p.,) s[:H us wIth playt"fs o. co llj'cro rs, b ut Ihese Stdlus h"v e ri sco abtwt tll" c rowd - C_ •
Ii", at I.. a-,t - thanks w rh r" claSS IC 3COUS(!( bl" es "ssocimi()!l.~.

I'o r rlt("a<les, Kay WaS s111ggJllg ,t OU I nL'Jriy blol w lor blow wllh Ch ica).;:o bud).;:t! ",'al
H ar mony, and n<;-ve ' ach,cved (lIllIe the same .'Jks numbt'rs, bu r lOad" a ml /l htr rlt"nt 10 tht
ma rk<;- t nont'rhelcss. If a n}'l hJll~ , lho ugho tlw br~n d pmb~b l y aLh,,, vt'rl a sliJ,;htly ht-trt"f •
rrpu tatlon for qu a!.! )' du nng mu ch of II , l'lO -plu'-y('ar run as an i\m('.iran Iflstrumenl -
ma kr r, al' houg h from as ea rl y as tht' 1')20s Cjlfl.tluumn "f Som" of th" com pan y's ,l; III rars
uf't'n Ifl cll1<lcJ !hc usc of d umble IJmI!1J t ~' rJlh"r rhan th" ~ul id woods rhal Harmony •
ufllVl'rsall)' cm pl o}cd. 111(' Kay 0"",., H.' rlf, h""'''''rr, on ly ["a m" about on the 19205 whcn
Hcnry KJ y K uh rml')'I'T iO lllt·.;I th., Stromi)t"r,l;- VII"JIl'" Company, whIc h h",1 e~·ol,,('(1 OUI of


the G rocshl compa ny found ..d In C hlla,a:n on Itl90 (Nolt that tha( St rom berg-VolSl nC! .... as
~ com pl ~I "ly d iff"r~fl[ company from Ihl' S! rom ix-tg I hal madc h Ig h-end ~rchlOp gUItars.)
A rang" of jumho fla' - tops app'tOIH('<.1 ~ ro" nd 1926 unUt'f !hc KJ y Kraf! nam{' , and by rhO"
I"~ rl y 1930" th" '11<'(r~s of rh ~ hran, 1 ha,1 ,nsp,,('(1 a company nJmt' changt' 10
lustr um" nt Co m pa ny. By t ht' la (e 1930s Ka y was "cli
o.,"p't" th~ d ~pr<;-ss'on ,
rs t ~bhshed

rhe 1930s we rr a bIg lIme fOf Kay In a numkr of ways: thO" wmpany
K~y M usiral
as a b rand Oam" in ,{,,<:it

" ff" rrd ~nrythln,l; from h',I;h -e nd arc h rops with carved sp ruet' topS to budget-hut' I lawai Ian


24



• and Spamsh gUH~rs ((,T (h" O a hu coml'~ ny. Ikrw<"t"n Iht'" "''aT yc~rs and (he rurly 1960s, Kny
ACOUSTIC GUITAR HISTORY

arcbtops we,,, Ofte!1 lh ... n,..XI c hOl(t" down from wp -r:mgc makes 11kI.' Gibson. E p,ph()Il~ ,

• Strombe rg of Gr("[s( h. whol" II ranJ.;C o f I1nr -wJ!s co ntinued to fill StuJ(:llt an d nnViLl' 1I~ ~d"
In 1<)67 Ka y wa' so ld to Vako. the larg e ('[cnne g ... itar, Jmpllfi~t and r~.''''laW '
IllJll ufauur,,' and rO~"fh'" fh<."M" g rC'a1 Chl cugo Illanufan ur<." rs /"ldt:d 1961'1.


In

THE NEW YORKERS


Through th .. m, d dl .. 60 years of the lOth c(, ntury, anO\h~r pJl r of Am<"ncan I'tu, (a r
• n"LllUfa<.tur"r~ mana,l;t·d occasionally to knock on GiG,oll 's and Martor]\ doors in {~ rm~ (,f
'fuJI,[y and re p utaTI on nnd steal more tlMn a few CuStomers from Il<.(h of tIleS" !',..at milkers


Tht"st man ufaCl UTc rs succ('cJcJ ("deh ot her ,II th" .• ame f:o.nury. !'rom . he 19.305 [0 t he m,d -
19~Os. Eplphonc pro~C<.1 a {l u i rnamiy m G ,b'ol rn, ",,,..,11m,!; to qua lif y archrops In particular;
on 1 9~.3, a fi<."dS llllg g Ul tJf com pany namt'<! (j Uli e! took OVI" El'll'hon<."'s form<."r Nc-w York

• fn({or~" ~nd achi<."~c-d


of nco lls lics:
surpfl 'HlJ.; ,uc{',, '~ with ",'\('h of the three v<."ry ~h ffcr{'m populnr ty pes
cI"s.l l c~l, ~ t (

T he Epiphol1(' (ompany', roms


h lOp Jnd fl at -(01'_
~rr{'!\'h h.1Ck to An~s(aslOs Stathopoulo's fiddle and luU'
The FI"I Spirits of Rhythm, fi'llturing
Teddy 8 ..lI>n on the Ep;phone DDluM€!
MasterbUt guitar.














• 25
works hop.n IH70s Turke r H r b rough t the bUS ltw •., «) N e w Yurk ,n 190 3, and h is !;On


Epam inon <las - kno wn as "Ep" _ took ove r u pon h" d,,;l rh In 19 1~ _ In 19 28 rhe Hous{' Of
Sta thopoulo c hanged
In

('''(' nl uaUy dC("I rtc a r(h lop


li S nallIe to t ht Efl' p ho tl(' lJ~ n J " Co m pa n y o n
[ har ma rke t fo ll o wmg Worl d Wa r l. hue
SU II J r~
II "' ~ In ,1;""'" to bt- a
- a •• d re ma med so th rough ,h('
tOp
t il t" back of ,I S success
mak e'r of Uou SlI ( and
yC';) r~ wh(,11 tillS •
mst rum("", ... as king of Ill("
F. p iphofl(." SN.'mro 10
~I X-M r "'g'

Ix' al mo,~t O:II:rn~ lI y (' ,I1{)... oo,l( (t ,hson, and 1(5 desig ns we re usuall y


not far off those of the m ,,' Il1t1( alld :tdw t)wl ...:l,,:N p reml('r rnak ('r of such Instrument s. But
t ht Nt"W Yo rk com pan y's g rowms ] " t " f ~ tar pJayus soon md lc:lI n l , h31 many were wilh ng
to ,hoost'" an Ep . o~ cr a G, b." ", ()~ ('r Iht' yt af) . I' ,,' p holll." arc hrops " ould Ix- pb yN, mostl y
In [hen electr ic forrn , by AI C:a,,,la,
and m any
Wlt ~n
othe r~ .

Ep iph ont' rn ovt'd from banJ OS


JOt' Pass , (;('0'1'(' Van f ps, 'lim)' Motlob, H arty Volf*

to g lllt ~ rs, til t ~_~ sdulc o n G ib,on's dornin~nrt' ra mt •


in a bi g way_ Th~ I\hsrnhil r Im(' of 193 1 ca no ed
a nd bac k, and rht
bi gl!~ r
la rg r~ [ lhr Del",,,' , Tr,urnph and
than G ibson's larg r St mod el of tilt' OJY, wit lt
~l'V~1l m< td~ h,

Spa n ~n

I ",,~r
all WJth ca rwd ardlt'd w I'
_ w" rt' ntarl y ha lf an mch
m,tdd s 'IK h a~ rht lI \ackswn r •
ofl;, ri,,!> rni cl pr ict d opl lom flmher do wn Ill<' nw r k~t . A, d~,ulh"d Ln t h ~ G inso n st'Hio n
all< w~ , th ~ (-om j,an ies sl ugged It o ut th mut: lwu t l il t
t h~ Irnp rt"~s L vt' 18 11 " w"k Em pero r, whie h soon
d ", ad~ .

b..... J m~
In 19)6 Epl phone inrro.i lK"d


11 p< ,p ul a r top-oo r(-h pros' c hoin',
and hy rht' nt"" r y(";lr ha<lupped til{' si l (' ('" li S IW" 1 cit....., b ll'lI 't" o y anorhtr ,nc h. EI"l'holl"'s
f.. rno us Frt'<] ut' nsawr lal lplece anl v({J 1Il 1Y'19, ~nd m an y mod d , 1>t'(-3rnt' 3V3llab k In blonde


m L940-4 L. All of th" uppt' r· rdns, rn\ld" l ~ of tllI~ pt" fl od we rt" ma<it" to wry hig h sl anda rd~ ,
Ea rl y pc-n oo Epl Hat . wp, aren'l r"mem h"n:d \UC wt" 1L as art" Ihr a rchlOps , but thl"
compa ny nlJdl" som ... fi n.. mod t" , T h.. IT l)(o lu:<'r o f 1939-12 and F f 2iO Dl"lux.. CUlaway
of ell<' ...... r.ly 19S0s art' n ct-Ilt-nr Jp rge fl,1( ' lops made III roug hl y 'J um bo' and 'su prr~
Juml,.,
~a r ly
sty l.-~

19S05
r..spt"cII"r ly, a ir hough Ihe Fron lle r und T.. xan ofth .. 1940" 30d
""h, le pcTfccdy d r ee lll g UJ t~ r, - ~r .. " 't n..arly as ...nuJ.:h t-af,t'r •
by pl~ yt r5 or ro llrn ors. Eplphonr 's 'gold en r ru' r.... ll y rnltmrN that of t h..
arch rol' ,(sel f, and when Ihcse
Ep lpho nrs ' fo nu nes
,!:' UJ t~rs ' pop ul.. nt y

T he co mpan y h\ld s uec,'s.~ WIt h ,,,)In,, ~1"LtnL V"L"on. of its acoustic


w3n~d, -01 dId


arc hr ops , b u! la bour d l , pu l e ~ ~ nd t h" Il,abol ,t)' of a nt'w ow n.. r (0
(or (U on!-r a ny furth~r , uml't't1ti on ro G ibson and thr
others) fifl~ ll)' did in (h~ Iwm .. a~ ..tn ,ndt')w n<i e ll( r m ily. C G . Conn purelus{·d •
Eplph(J fI ~ III 19 S" and l ran~f~rr('d p rodu c tion (0 Phi ladelphia unt il 195 5
(wh .. n [ht ~rar h O l'o\)l os loo k o vr r again) \0 get away frorn tr(J ub j~.,

w or h rh.. N .. w Yor k wo rkforce. In 195 7, G ibson paff'nt co rn pa ny •


e M l p ure has<'<1 Ep' p ho nr and m oved proJ uclJon to K:t. 1~rn azo" ,

Wh l' t(' Ih(' b mnd ap pcared m a lll l~' on mo re afford abl.. Va rl3t""'s
of I"X,s'Iflg GIbson acOuSt,C J nd cic-n n c d ..slg tJ s, whilh d id
n'malfl US- bU Ilt u nll J 1969, 'J< tda y, rh.. " am .. , .."d .., •
som('wha( fUfl h('rdo wnm Mket , gr-..lltJg ' bud8~t '

~ c rS lons of G Il>$o n l1l.td~h, " . I", h hav .. St'tVN [0 J.:'V" play("ts


who mIght n('v('r JITurd 111(" tJrl )! ltJaJs a for m of a(c("ss ro a f("w
das.~ " (; ,I", ,,n fl at -lOp modt'ls, as wel l as ro som(' n(''''rr
ASIan- mad ..



d ,,"g ll~ M ~Jo wh, I(" , how"ver, F. p'phon('·s abandonrd New York
fdt ltlry hud J.:'V~ 1l hlt t h '" anOl hn ,i.: rt:a t Amr rican gU ll ar nam('
PIlI'sh Immlwanr Al D ro flS(' was Ih(' m an be hmd G UI ld, dnd hI" •
gU ld ~d t h~ <IImpany ve ry ah ly from HS fou ndmg un ti l h,s d (,:l1h in a
pl dtl f cru, h Ln 1972, afte r wh >r h for mt r .,.,(' I' rcs,,!<-"m L('on 1'rll <ook. the helm.


26


• In 19')6. (judd d'Ju,o.:..d I,,(. uuons from N~w York City [0 Ho[,,,k..,, , N(w ) ersC'y. ami th .. n
ACOUSTIC GUITAR HISTORY

III 1969 It movffi a,.;a m w W..,t .. rly, Rhode Island. Mronwhdt' , in 1966, ow,wrsillp pass('<.1

• (0 A""('I. I nc (w,th D ronxt' sraylfi,!! on a, ~s prcslden t), (hen


then to the FAAS <":orporn"on In 19H9, und fitl.llly to
(0 a group of "",<,SttltS III 1986,
Fender "'\USKal In<[r um .. n[~ III 199)
_ whIch s't:nalJ('<1 Ihe ("Iosu, .. uf th .. W ..,{t·rly plant and a shIft of I'rod UI " n" I" Fender"s

• factory III Corona, Cal Iforn Ia UUI d""p,tt' all the uphC:lvaJs, GU I ld n.. vn ... " d"' ''' I:1)1 Ih"
apprcnabl(' d,p," qUa l lf)' that I t' tw o l~rg(' r comp<'Utors ,u r w .. ll do< umt'nt..d as hJVIIlg


"(,alht' r('<.l.
OWOSffl PAGE A 1949 Eplphone
GUild 's vcry first Off('flflJ.;S compro, .. d a rungl' of fi JI-tops. from I h.. lar;.;.. 17" N .. vauc f -
Emperor. HlOW A Guild F-SOR ·NT
50 IhM ab ly rt va.JkJ GI bson s ) -200 for many y...-.m, to the jumbo-sIzed F_40, ,h .. ()UO-~ llCJ flat-top from 1975.


11_.3tl 1llld th,· srn'IU -bo<.hnl F_20. T ht'tr SpfllC., lOp_' a nd mapk Sides wur of w l"i W<M>J, but
til.,,, ba,ks we re rn"d,' from [:lmlnat("d maple prt's~nl illlO all 1lrclwu sha1><', wh,(h rht'r .. f" r~
had ~nOlIJo! h 'tru,turJI rlgld,t y to make bac k bract's unn~("~,_,ary_ WIllI e somr !.>C0i'lt· may

• cons,d~r rh~ II~~

was dtfin"t'ly
m art'roa l~
of lamlnJt~d wuods
\1 ,« " .'(

o r labollr In
II fo, ~d"Jnll'd

t .. rlllS "I'
to be" 'Jo wn ma rh'(
,.!csign purposes and not for any
~(JUlld ,
( o n~tm<t"l1lal

IX'rformance. and scab.!it}'. the


tcdulI<.J" r, Gudd
app r~(.",bk

t~dHl'qU C
sa"ings III
proved n

• succt'ss. Tht's .. w.. r.. SI~lIl )OH lro b}' the Swart
jo,nt·,j h r a s'm<i:or J ohnny Sm.th Aw,mJ ~ Cousl1c-dec lr i( ar(-hrop when thJt tOP
A -~~ O ar(htop with a (.a rwd spwce tOp (soon
j"U player's


("ndorse mt' nt wa, 't',u rt'd). T h.,w ~nJ ot hen too k hold w,r.h play.... imnwJ ' ''ldy, and Gudd 's
f<'pmar,on SI',.,ad q mddy !\tully pl .. ~'e rs (ound Gml d offe r.,,-l a 'h.." tlf both wod,ls '
altern at ,V(· , s r,addllll)! d." " abl., G ,b-.oll ~ Ild Ma rtin f(";l(llrt"s: rht"y carro..d Mol.tI ll 's 10nE:'er


1)':-'; " sc-ak lenJ,:th an e! mO'., musKal br-"~lIlg, G lbson's aJj ustahk t..,,, _rud a nd slimme r
nl'"(:k, and the more fr('(J ut·nr opflon of "",","'<M.d, a mort' o\f3run- hk(" fi.-arurt"
GUI ld 's MJrk Scm' s of d ,ISSI('(I1 ~ \l orars arrov..d m 1961. and funhe-r Iml'l()rranr ml>Jd.,

• w~r",

m,Jod~I,
add..d to t he lIne In 1963. IIldudlllg rht' n-4o and D-50 D f<'adllou,!:hIS an,llh., 1'- 2 11
and F- ~12 12-strlllg IlJt-Wps. whIC h W("rt' Jom e<'l a few y..... r~ late r by Ihe- bl,!: 17 " I I - _mns
rh al would lxt(>!ne t he mosl popu lar of t h., ir type " " t he- mark(', G ::.c-n~'

• I )r~adn"ug ht" ur fl~ OO In

mar k~ 1 fur thU I h r~O'd. LlfI t~


the 19 70s. whlk
eX]XLnJeJ "",I [hen
,h ~ aCOlJst){' ar~hwps d l ~p1><'arcd

contran~,:l ""~r
,n ~ .l ..d ,nlng
tilt' }"t-JCS, and G udd suff.. ,t"o.i


"Ionl-: w'l h ma ny ~1.·"u,tl' m~ k c cs III Ihe eknronic mU5 i(- b<~) m of the late 19 70s and t:a rl y
1980s, and w:_sn' t ulcird by tI,,,, SWift ownershi p changO's chat i,,)! ow,·d. Und('r F (' n d~ "

pw,jun,on an,i q uality _",t' m {() 11,,"(, siabilised agam, and tht G"dd brand nnw prov,d~s


lha l hl$[on ( t' I('nnc In~rrl1m .. flt' COtnpdny with its own rival [() Cil"oll ,Ind ,\-brlln
acous tl(S, som et h,ng It (o uld n~ver manage with its own efforts. ,\ cous t'( ar(hlurs :1,(,

,·VO" n back :11 Ill<' tOp of Ihe mark(,( - albt">c tnoscly with llo3 ting magn~.. t'c I' l{·kl lp., - '" thl'

• form "f a IIurnbu of Gujkl - b r~n(kd modds d~"gn~d by the g re at contcmporary


makn Rullt' rt B.' nc-i.ku o, ,lnL! o th (" r aCfual llt: n....-letto mood s hand -b uilt ,n th t' (;u,ld
l.UHorn Shop tAud.'r el.¥..<' super~l!uo n from th .. " nam ..sa k...
(If' htll p-

• w"h
A th, rd
~It"<:
N~w Y~) rk m Jker, which would cvt'ntually make 'cs hlggest Impn'S)lon
Cfl, ho llow-uodies Ul the rock'n "olt yt'ars , srcm....-l for a umc co be ahlt' ro


run W,th (ht' ".," l....d mg Amenean arehtop mak.. rs . G r.,ts~h had bee-n ma klOJ.:
drllm~ and hU IlJ~)l; III N~w York C, t y SIOCC 188.3. and in t he early 1930s Ihe
company hrJ.:an ma nUfll(( U"ng ardn op and Oal-top g uita rs wh"n t h""e ~ppcarcd


(0 bc t~klOg rh~ hm., I'Khl fmm Ihe ba nJO. Models I,k.. t h., big IH ~ - w,de

SynduomalK of che early I 940s, w ,t h 'c~ c.. c's---{'),c soundhoks, sca,rs,.. p bridge
Jnd dd ux(' b, nd ,ng and \,o$ ,,,on ma,k.,,, , had chI" powcr "nJ g r~ct of any "f t he

• bl,!: G ,bsons or Ep'pho n ~s ,

Green for one, But thc Gr(' lsch{"5 "'n..


[WO' , nor t hose ofSlrombeq.;.
an d hr< am., th ..
fl"~'"

I )'An,l.:~ l i (", nt
~hOl CI' of COUIlf ilas,{" ,o.: u.(ar" l I'r..dd,e
as well made as thc arch w l's of ( h~ ' b.g
a ha ndful of mher big hu.ld~rs ,n Iht' ge nr,'.

• They nee "np"'5s',"e gu 'tMS. cerralnly, and p,,_,Se,S all chI.' right lllg,td,t" n" , hut reIJ ti"riy

• 27




















28


• ..
• ftw have ~ur~lv.x1111 grta r pl~Y l og (Onu HJOll . GrN seh flat-lOps d ,d n' , far(' much bt-Ut'T
( h !." q ual it y .~ta krs, rhou)< h som(' hu ~(' beco me c"II ~' {lh l(" fnr 1It'S!h!.'lI ( n r hi~t"n( rt'aS{1ns,
<II

• such 35 t h", G -br.tnrl.. d Ha ncher of th(> I <J50s.

GYPSY JAZZ GUITARS

• Th .. (OI1 (1n u lng. t v"n boomllig popuJ ~ roty of ,l!:11lt3f1S f Django Rc",hardt and rht" spr,,,hdy,
melodI C 'G Yr"Y tan ' 51yl(' of whIch ht' Inn,!!: for m('d rh(' «('m!c, has spawn .. d a p<:rhaps


surp"sm8 ((lUll,'!." Ind ust ry b lll ld mg a Iyf><' of ": \lira, , h", has nn ly n -ally t'>tltil.·.;! In rh,s
smgle styl .. 'Jf plaYIng. It ub Aylwil rJ , J oh n 1..0;- VOl, MauTlcc Dupont and Sht]ly Par ks ni l offe r
,n~trumt'nf$ on rh e 31'proXl mJ le S.. lm <:r- Marc afer n d('slgn. as p lontt rt'd mort" t han 7~ YUts


"g", an d rakt'n up by Rc m lM rdl a lmoll t Imml."diatd y after J{ S arr Iv al on tht sec nc.
Marcafl' .r, W<lS "" h al,un -hmn lut hl(' r anJ {oncen (cb,s ical) ~uir a"st. whosc rebllvely
mn, cal {ks,~n i J" <I~ w ~ r~ taken up l1y l...o ndon mus IC stnr~ ma na).(tr i\{o n ()~VIS and p r()!ll(l t ~d

• to H enri Sd mer, h ~"d ofthr ~ normous French sa xophonr mabc., as a so un d ba$is for u g "'tM
of ,he samc bnuld , Thr Srl nwr fan or y in Franc ~ began lim'trd prod uction of thc ""t.umtntS
late 193 1. :lnd th~ firSI mod els arrived for s"l~ Lonnon in 19.3.2 . They w(:t~ takr n up


In In

mos tl y by jaa pl ay~rs. alrhou,.h Ma(cafr rri himself fav()u rtn rht gut-s iting- vanallts, J.' d,d
a few ot h er cla.,~a al rl"yt fS o f rhr d~ y, But th e ,t"d-,mn ,; mod els were unilkc ally th in,; rh "


m~ to rH y of i a ~~" rs Wr rr srru mm 'ng a ( the tun" . T hr y wer .. - an d rem alll _ a d,f[" rrll t hr~r<1
o f gu lt~ r ('n(lrrly
Scl ml-r-Malu frrro ,nSlrllme ntS "IT larsr-bodi ,"" , flat-wp gu it ars, nftt,,, With a l) -)h~ l J('d


or round " 'u ndho l ~ plac<'<.1 under l h" S troll);' a nd a de<'I" 'fla tt ened ' look",); n " away Many
mooels Wrrr o rog ,naH y b Ui lt w,th ~, n "l ar wood('n 'rt'50nawrs ' mou ntr d undr r tht' " [Op5.
,m"nd .. d ' 0 au] " rOjCHIOn and y"lumr , If an ything. thcsc usu~ l! y damal-lt'd .hc tonc of thc

• !o:u"~rs'o wh,ch t hcy wer'" Iit trd . and I'lllye n s,mply ['('m ov"d t hrm , or cliSfom-orJc ret.i ncw
Sd m ...s ",,, hOll' rCSO'IJtt)f~ T hr ~ trrl -Sfr on.t( O rchcstf{'
t hr s..l m("f- Maccafcrr' .~ . but othr rs (''' '5(''<1. suc h JS
,$ th .. r"al da.'~'c of th(" C:lrly yca rs of
( h... cuta way-Ir~s Ha wa,("n . and g ut -St tlng

• mod ... l. such as th e COIlCe rt ( wit h t hr ("Ufawa y). Espagllol, and c.t as.< iq ut . AI!
g ut modr ls \'ocrc rll Jdl' w,th lam lnar('<.l rn.ck and Sides, nm as a ("()S '
be. h s(("cI :,nd
Cu((on~ (",.e rCIS(', bu t


for wl'l l-d ("finN tonal con"drraroo ns ro:s.carchN by M"ccaf" .n.
In 1933. only .• h"rdy h.. foft the InSt [ UIllC Il1 'S mo, t famo us t ndorser took up th.' b rJnd ,
Maccarern p'lft ~d way' with ::.elmer after ~ CO ntract d,spur t'. He ret urned btodly to h,,,


p lay m g " trt(" , wh " h I[Stlf was CU t sh ort uft" r h ~ fmnurtc1 h iS wns, in a sWlmmin,; a( udt nr ,
For (t timr h(' loo k up th~ m~nuhuurr of r('t'ds for music al in.\1tuIl1~nt" a nd dabhlt-d on
other typt'~ of I-llll mr d('s ign. befn." br JIl'; hoo h ,d by the possibilitie, of iIlJ~nlon - m O\lldcd

• p la'[1( Jns trum (' nts. !lxpt'r nnr m, with plas(;cs 1<'<.1 to his [" undm); of Mastro Industrl ('s.
whi(.h l!l (rud un,, 1 a plastic ukulrlr In 1949, and the famous M accaf~frl rlas ri c gUit ar s on
u rl y 19~Os l'x'sPI( e (hei r apJlt'a ' an,r an d t he , r genual pe rcr ptJO<I [,ocIay, lnsrqlm("n[S such
(11 ('

• as [h" ,\I :({"{af,·rro G- 30 flnt -wp and (, -40 archrop - mou lded frum a ma,efl al ca lkd Dow
Sty. on - "'rt(' l'.es(' nt N as s.' rwu, lIl'tfUffi(·n (5. a nd were even [ak"" up b r a nUffi her of p ros
'" [h.. " day

• Tht pla5('C ,mu!:e cou ld ""vr t q u 'tr (U(


ur 31'1'1YIll!: tll(' proct' ...., II>
'f c['('dibtl ll Y w ,~ .. , how .. v.-r, and Macca f(' tfl 1:;1"('
'srfOOllS' ,nstrulllentS JUSt a ft.w yrars inf O I he ('ITon. t.l Jst m


contln u("<1 to oITcr ~ " umbr r of downscaleJ pl~sl lC g u lta.s throu,i: h the I 960s. bu t Ih('se w.. rt'
no longe r , n( e" dt"d as profr s5,onal -grode pldyers' HMru mt nf S. In I hc 19705 and l')XO" Ma.1O
Mac(a fcH' flH ""'onaity r(·turnet.i 10 lut hI'''''. and n'"n produced h,s Sc l mt' r-My l ~ w"odt n

• G ~ psy jan gu ' tars axa,n, first as Ihe CSt G yp' y (Ill parrn ersh,p Wll h Eng l,sh mJ n Mallror .. oPPoStTl ""Gf Fredd,e Green. gurtarist
WIth Count B;l5ie, pictured in 1968
Sllm m('tfi l' ld. and man uf3(fut('d ,n J apa n at t h~ H oshillo faClory, whert' Iha nrl );tu[<, r) ...·.. r.. with his GretKh Synchromatic: 400.
m aJ e), and Id, .. r In coll~berll tl o n wit h hlgh -t nn New York ma ker J oh <l M{l n t... l(-()nl'. "80111E A p l asti~ Maccaferri Romancer'


from 1960 a nd II 1955 advertiM!ment
Macca[ctrl d lrc1 , n 1993 at the ag-c (,f,;}l. for the revolutionary instrument.

• 29
.. •







Meanwhi le , S"lmt'f h a<l (()n r lnu ..d nOf only w rnan llf..nllr"
hy Ma'Tah;,r r i, hut In fun mak .. . ml"t'S) IW· prox «'" 1M pt' rfr({In}ol tn t hrttd T h" n' mpan{s
w"ta" to tht ~{yl .. inma ted



fl:'mainon!l: lu. h' r rs d id away worh fn.. Inf t' rnal rt'sonarof, chan;.:,d f t.t' ' Oll ndhul.. from D_
shapt"\1 (0 rou nd and fin:tlly to oval, And SWA p p<:<1 (he- ll·fl't' ( nl"C k for 14. T ht' moot'l was
n('w l)' J ubtx-d thc M oJHc )au, and With t h iS shape' and nam c t hc Selmcr )au g uit ar
ac h lc"oo ItS ul u m:ltc form _ a dllng act ua ll y <j UIlC d iStinCt (rom anYlhmg Ih:ll
Ihc d rawmg ixKIrd o( liS ·onglllalOr' , wh os( na mc was o( cOurS(' by now removcd from
any way. So>lmer d os(-.:i JlS gUIta r works HI
C'C'r

1';.»)2, by which lillie only .. round ';.)00 gult:lrs h:ld


gra<oo
11


hcrn proJuccd, a gooJ half of t hcm th .... MoJ~k ) J '~

A BOWL·BACKED WONDER •

ABOVt. A 19]2 example ot thfl Selmer-
Macufer'; Modele Drchcstre. "!lOVE
O vation 's r"v(}lutiOl,~ry b()w l- I);l~k"d ., hupt" W J ' Gmll III 1';.)6) wh~n hehcopl ~r comp:lIly
"lGln The Rosenberg trio epitomise
the Gypsy lUI style on their original owner C.h~rl~, H. K ~m~n r~turn"d W h" flrq I()v ~, th~ MUltar, and <tru~k upon a f,,~out~Gle
Selmer instrumclMb.


Of'P{)~'r~ PA«! 101'Julian Cope with a d",i),:n for a fihr"gla" ,omp;)"tt' hody S tr u(lur~ For <u,h a radlnl departur" from
12-stri ng Ol/lItol'm Ad"mas. trad ,tio na l dt"s;gll. tilt' p ror0rypt's rt"Ct' ,vt'(1 a surpr's'nf(ly ", ntllus,,,-<ti( rt'spOIl'~ from til" pro
OPPO~IT~
pAG, RIG"" K,u~uo Vrlirl
prodoCR5 fine guitars like this AR300 playtrs Kam an who saw tht"" nl , an,I, lw I'ro< IU("I'0n mod,· ls that roll("d out from 1966 also


fron. his wo.hhop . OWOSfTt , .... I ga ined a sw ift and w,de acceptance. Charl'e Byrd . brry Coryell. Jerry R C(~!, AI [), M("oia
BorrOM AI\/ar.~ V,1,ri, endorsed by A",
DIFranco, is a factory line produc:ed and Adrian ut:g have all plnyt""d OvA (Ions through mu ch of th(' ;r (3r(>('rS. hut Glt n
in association with hu....
Campbdl 's eari~' endor'>("me llt of n sh all o w·bowir<J nl O<.ic-1 m 19G8 smn' ,Iuhfx... t (h",
Ha llaJ('('[
£"ari~' boos!.
anJ hiS uS(' of tht"" Iflstru mt"" 111 on hlS popular TV show. gavt"" tht"" brand irs b'ggt'"St

T he LI' r1~' sou nd and smOOl h performa nce of modds such as the CLaSS Ic. Legt""ll<l, Custom •
Legend, Pa<ema l..e r 12-~trJng, and 11),lon,sI Clng Country An tst rl';lllcJ ("v{"n t hat of Maron
~ nd Gibson III the ea rly 10 nud - 1910 s, w!wlll hC" <j uJ l rty o( t hos(- g UJl;l rs ... a~ dechmng and
JlMII )' pl ~~eTs w~r.- d .... r1)' wlli i ng to Ify M">lllC"l h mg n{""w T hey wer{" proba bly hdpcJ along
III d o ;n,s.: so by [II.,~ O vat,on .• m ,d ·lt'v.,! pm ", I~' , ""'. In [91~ O v-.. wm ,ntrod uced the


m",., affo,d ab l., App[au ,~ 11Il ~ , In un ",ffi)rf m pr",-., mpi Ih., A< ,u n cnpy ists whn we,e
plag u lIl,s.: mh", b ,,s.: brand~, and was "~ 'n r..at h ,n/>\ til., ., m ,y and IlIw.,r-m ,d I ~v"] p ld yt rS as
w",1 1. T ht (om pany as(~ndt"d TO rh~ or h.,r ., nd of ,lit sui., III 1916 w ,[h th~ Adama.~ I",~. •
[) 'sp ro,·;,,)!. th" )!.t"t"ral ru lt' fllat :myrh, n;! It<s ,han ful ly 'ol ,d -wolld ",,,,"run;on m.,a"s a
d ownma,kt t ,t"Slolr, ,ht" ;\damas )!.\lIt"r~ ca rr'td wP' mad., frum a th,n ClT blln-,s.:tap hn,,"--b,rch


30











• lammau:, wll h 22 ~maJl "Hundh"I ,,~ of ' .... 'IOU5 Sl~{,S locall'u ~rouncl [h .. u ppr' ba~s hoI!!
Thl"S(" ;llso foun d , h.. or mu rk. and soon Ix-camc bot h the ch oin.. 01 many pm.... and a mollel for

• e nr h uslastl c amJt{'ur" to "'p,rt' en


Whi le so..... pl~y .. rs f"und rh~ sound of t hese gmiMs u Iin l.. ·'ynth.. ,,(', rht' F. hfl'S lli;1(
.~"hd spru(t· tops for a warmer, mort" trad ",onal


followed '" 19H2 lM " .. d [ (jilt' . nIH soli
u.spb yeJ Ih" Adama." mul ., -soundholcJ look. AI around th" ,am .. [lmt', rhe Co ll ('(\ot's
Scf1C~ gJV" th .. uomrany ~om(· thm ~ to promote to ~uJtur Ullin-furs who had lmdlllOnaJly
pur,u~d th .. vlnf~I< .. - ass()( i ~(ed brm)J_~. and hdp"d furth .. , .. 'tahl'sh OVa([OI1 as a m ,lkcr ,hJI
• was h.. ,,, fI.) stay.
In additIon \0 their ~p", .. -a!;"d ,hap.. and cons(rUClion. Q".Ili()n 1'UIIJ" a i,,,
Ani DiFranco

• ,('valu! lonls(X1 the n (1U'>" " f


mass [.>,,;:..,hl(lIon rlKKkb
an d ix"<:ame m~ny p !~ y .. r"
to
.,l~, rrlfinrlon of an ,I(oustic IllStrUIll l.'III.
«,m., fr"m
fi r,r road
rh ~

fO
tilc- rofY In
Th~y W~'t'

a numlx>r ()f d~~tt,,_:a"H"tI ( "pr( tlOS ,


pl uggeJ -Ill ~coustic gUItar r1ay,n)o(
fht' ft r~ r

Hav,"f.:

• wNlr!i("f('<.! lh e gt'rlt'u l a( " .,<11( , lum p of rh ., Nl rly 1980s, O";l tJon ~"r:afldt"<i h", h 'n S,1!(" an d

• THE FAR·EASTERN COMPETITION


\'(7 111 1 ~ th~ an ,uSfI ( ,I;:(lIr~ r m arke t w.lS J~d ll"ng III th .. latt' 19 705 an<1 ca rl y I ')HCls , rnu n y
,mrruvln,o.: J al'a n~s(" Im pOrtS ",<,r<, "t}~flng ("m p('[ ltlon fO 10fll!-sranJmg Anl<' r",ln hr,lnJ<
Ihana IS I)('$r kno wn for liS b r(..ud r.. "jo:" "f "Ir<;trl( ,o.:u il ars, whl{h fi rst (a m,' In rrum 'n~nI~

• as q ua l"y 'wp ,es' of m an y Am~rm." d~ ,,}o: ns III rho: carl)' 19705, bu t Ih .. w m r" " }' ha' 0...."
mak ing 3(OUSllCS slneo: the 19;0, I han~7 flar-tops first OCC:llllC k nown in [h~ 1'$ m:unly ~
dnent 'coplrs' o f (', ib~"n :.nd M,lffl" d~S ',I;: ns [hat shaJ o ... cJ tho: compa ny\ de" Ir l( ' of fha!

• tIm e, BU l more nrig l!l JI r.,nIH l,nt'S , suc h as fhe all SOhJ-wOfXh N ~ l ur:. lw(~ "-!" 'I((IU$tI (-

• 31
..

dt:nric AE. Ragtime, and solId-topped Arowoo<] S('rtt'S of tht' 19HOs. ot th ....
M ASA or Talman modds .If I<x by. offer gooJ :Ilterna u"l's to
inno.'atl~e

I'lart'rs loo kin,!; fot >;om .... dung •


d ,ff<'rt·()f . Mos t
t herl." slOel."
lhan e~ prod u.!! .. n s h,fl.xl from

AI.. a['('~ an d t hl." ullm ark('t Alva rez Ya ln hJ ~·"


J ap~ n to Ko ['('~ In 1991 . and ha.' rt:m:unt:<!

Inng iustoTics 10 Japan. and havl." produn:d •


a rangl." of q ual ,, )' eorry an<1 mld-I .... " .. I a'OIl 'lm_ f" r m~ ny f<,ars - toppN by some
all solld -woo<ls modl'ls mad .. '" , ,,tally m lg mJI .JeStS-0S by AY that flval almost anyrhm,!;
produn...1 10 the USA o r Eu mp.. i\o" tI":r J ap.mo.'"c 11I:o.)..<'r. 'la ka m lO<', has I'tO",dt"d yt l
an<lth~r qu .. !I!y Jl t e rnJtI~ (' t h~t h~s (,\"cO lu['('<'1 many p""
h'~h-l'od,



away frum lIa,,," Amu lcdn br,mds Rcgardkss of sail's
nu m n."rs, or any arl'umt"m'l about copIes " on gmals,
Yam Aha h"s pro hahly for,;:t:d a mort' solid and long-lasuo~ •
phi cC' for .t sclf ,n w(·s ttrn mark~[" ti'31l ally of {he other
J upIlIlese makers.
Y:II11 Jlw
und w:.s
Ix~an m~k,ng

m :'lluf~ c turln t:
1>(>,lal or,;ans inJapan.n lHH 7,
pianos hy 1900. It was makillg .{S •
o wn ~UII:lrS b~ 191(;. hUf d,<ln ·'
th .. lJSA until dle m IJ- 19GOs whtn ,rs
dol'.IICJh and , ~
twi"()m~ wdl know ll in

little btl'[. s((...·I-srr ;n,l; tlat-to!"


!o:(K>d-,'alu~

mad t' •
.nr<laci- lUlU tht st udent , amateur folki l." an ..' eampf.rt'
'I"Im .. Uy tht' 1970s Ih('se sled-strmg FGs and dasst(al G.,


",'I'rl' am"n,;: t h.. bt:IIt:f ' Iower m.d-le~d · g uu ars avadahk,
and w.. r.. findlllt> a rIJ~t: for themselves largely on t h..
streogth of ort~ lIIal (It:s.).:" ral h.. r t hall lx·mg the cop.es
that most japMlcSt' makt'rs wt:tt: ,r. 11 u(f.. nng . 1I.111d-made
L Serl{'S and lu xurIously ornat .. N ~ "t"~

Jnd t he bt:1.o,1 'I U, ckl y ('arnt"il rh .. ft:'pt:et among m.llly


models followoo,

mol"(' aceoml'l ,shc.1 amar t' ur' and sumt:
1\ h,ld eOJoyed w,th sru d .. nr and novi"t: pla}"~ ts for lell
}(a r~ .
rrof~s, ionJls dlJI


T h.' wml:>;'Il}'S gu. tar lines have hurh txpandt:d and
Jd"JIKt',j fl"~r the years. Without tht.r popula roty ~'·H


ABOUt Bru'. Sprlng, 1.,.,,, pictured hd,·ing waned. O "e r {he l>aS I dt" ("ad t' :.nd " hJlf, I,"~_ such "s the Ihlllhne ekuTO-ae unsru
in 1993 with his Yamaha in an
.. nu~u,,1 bl~tk finiSh . OPPOSITE "A.a APXs, , ol .d-lOpp<,d G D c1ass.cals and l)W J)r .. :td,Hlu!<hts, dt:c<>rdu\'e aod "ersallk CPX
A Taylor 115CE trom 2002. Compa" s.,,,t"s, and CSF parlour t:ul(ars havt· won lots of ta", Mt:anwhile, Korcan mak er
Sam .(" k has pu t !o:u.tar.,
frt'fjl1t:ntl y lJnd~r mh~t
1Il almo.' t as m ,my pl;ly"cs· hand s as any of Its Japant"w n"als , {hough
n.lInts, such <IS Iiondo
\Xlh il .. tht: 'lual.ty t'a,tnn '!lljX!rtS that hav" hCI:n I't· n.'.~so v .. <lm·t: t ht: 1'}7(J.; SttmN •
de5 rmt"d to wopt: out US_mold .. t·n tr~ Ie..d acoust ICS, l' it' nfr of hom"-t>T<>w n
I'.feht:<l ""l id n> mpt"t.t u", 1m any upmark('t mod('1 Iha! (; .h"'>II, (, OIld or Martm can
prod ucl.", '" rl'r ms " f "mnd and bUl iJ lj uJI,ty, If not 10 numht-oc
al (t"t ,, ~ t,,{'S ha~(


WESTERN PROMISE


E~eo for prod uc tion volum .. , how .." .. r, " "" US make r hJS put up ao asfOun<l lII~ fi/>(hr >II rh..
upp.:t m iJ-r:lnge br:lc )..el s. nce fhe m ..]-I9l'U k Until (lut of all C'aSy-gO IO~ a ni saos· SCl'n.. of
tht: ..... rly 1970s, ccO{['('d around a COOI't" r~{[" .. ~>Ulh~rn C.al.f"TlllJ lut heTl(, ",orkshop, Taylor


G u. tar; has grown ,ntO an ama~ l0l'ly (,(fon t'or and pmh t'l· m .. k ~r. tUfIlmg OU I around 170
mMtumt:I1tS pt"t d~y by th(' ('a rl y 2151 ("~nrury, wh .. h r.vals ~ lIy l urrtnt Amerimo gUlfar
man ufadurt" r. Tolylnr's success wllh bbou r-~v>ll!{ pmdm.u o" t~dll!iq u~s such as fhe use of
n>mputt: r fl Umt"tt l control (CNC ) CUtl lOt: and routlnt> rna, h.n~s and bolt-on oeck 100nfS has


32




~~~~ , A·
~ "%
ACOUSTIC GUITAR HI5...GRvI~

• also dragged other Iu rgt. J0I1g""M~bl "h..J mak"", ,nt!> modern manui'd<tmy hy dUH of th .. ,r
nc('(/ 10 a u"",,!t'

• Bub Tdylu, .mel Kurt L" u ,}:. fWO uf eh .. Orl}(rnal ,h rt'(" Taylor founrl .. rs, h~vt' (0(/-( .... 1 rh" . r
, unt"" larjo: .. ly rh"uu/oth a ( umhonanon of Tay lors <It-Slgn senS/.' and I. lsr ug's hU$rn('SS ileum('n ,
bm rhe pair (t'rra,nly rrnro·d a SIH'n UOIlS I('arn m ,l( cun.'(' ro gel from Ihe (ompRny·, I"" rl b on

• 1974 In wh ..n · rh .. y a r<' [('.lay Through Iht" w urS(' of ,h ... l"arly 19805 ,he com pany {''''ol v(''<1
from hu,ld",}( r.l[ h.. r Manda td Jum ho and D 't'adnOIlJ.(ht stylt- ,l; lI orars '0 l'f()d unn;r.: a ran ~t' of


~ll"~ In nrl,!o:' na l nt' w sll apt" d"",,,,,d mamly hy Boh Taylor h, ms("lf T h" fi rst of .Il('st'
appt'",..d In rh .. rurm of it ~rnnd conce rt -sh" pt-,L s mall-hodll:"<1 SI7.t" 1 mOliel, tWO of wh ich
wn .. d"play ..d at th .. 19 84 N/\MM show In rh ... for m of a maho~any- bod u~d ~ 1 2 and


mst"w<)()o.t - hoct",(t 812. By th IS (lm~ Taylor's nume rtcal nammg SYSH.' m was wdl es.~bl>s heoJ,

d~no " n;; wood typcs, bo< ty SIte :,nd shape, and styhng, but vanauons and (hange.~ over the
yrars ma kc H d Iffi cult 10 oJT~r a "luick, L'Sy gUIde to all of tht"se ,

• whos~
By t he early 1'.I'.10s Tay lM lmd a grow ,ng Il't of ""dor., ~e,,
Slg uaUl rt' 1>1\)(1.-1 12-,u,ng - w, th 'flanen ed' , Sel me r-j ,k" cu taway and
!mended to maxinlJs('d J ropp.:d lun or' g~
on~ of whom WJ' L.." Kot!kt" ,

- rap ,dl y ea rned a lot ot r",f't" t In that ).:t"nrt" . A


I' dt"s'l' o

• few )'eau L,t<,t tn 1')'.16 Taylo r mad., fu r, her w .. ,'", by Hl t wd uung th .. 4011 ,!,,,t",, the m" 't
affordabk A me ricull- tIlJd. all ,o l ,d - w(~)(h XUll ar at tha t tl m,,_ By n"w, yOI,·cll .... " t" r
tha I Mat(!Il and pkn ty of (Jth.r m" k~r~ w~ re ",k,,,,I; nOl ",e_ In tllt' la tt' 1990, an d !',uly In
I,.,j, t" ,,~

• the (oil() w",).: dt"(~d .. TJylo r "ff~r...:! a numlw r of'lweial "Slit" I,nt's rhar .... ,'r.. funn .. r fh a n
~ I mos t a nyd"n,.: tht" mah'r had prod",...:! p rev iu u.ly_ Tht' 15th Ann,,,.. rsary XXV-D R


D rt"'dd nou).: ht ~nd XXV-( ;A j.(rand aml,roroum of 1999, an.1 ,hI." Comml."mora"ve S.mes
X".ra,.,. , hat foliow..(1 "" .. r(' madt, w,th ddux{' wood choices (mclu d mg Ta ylo r s usc of some
Bra?,j.;]n roSI.""'oo<t for ' hc first 11 01(' s mcl." 197 7) and {"xOIIC . nla ~s" Followm!: (hese, t hc

• Gal kry Sl."n es I."xt l."ndeJ .11" ml Jy Ih"m{"s to J mn gl." of ""d{"rw,u (t


At , he olher end of til" m Jrk~t, T~ y lor's dfi'lfdOlbl.. th,e"-'-I u~ tt"r "~,, Ud by
Ixt'n a major hit w!th e~C r )'onf from yOUI!!( plJl"fS to
dl's, g n_~

tta,"elli"g gU'[d ...'" "nJ ,tat k- k.. y


XIUI Jr hJ'

• sfy l,sts, and ,s one of t h~ IIIJ lll models

gUlIar~ J
to h"ve helpt-d ~patk a f;!t- ,e~ d" "g
boJ,,~d and ( r:l Yel- s,,~d denU"~Il< ' AI , h" I,m .. 01 Wtl t Hlg, Taylut \ , taiT nl ""a rl )'
m~ k"'g
H '.. 2 ~

th~ d,k"uwl~J~~cl
lur ~mJ II ­
400 CUr!!


OUI dosl." 10 50,onO Y"Jr, Ihe ""mrany o n.. nf
leadc rs HI the <.juJlny ,'<"uMIt fnMke,
After TaylM and Ma n ITO , !ll .. Tan)m,l u>mpany, fnundtd ,n :-~~rtlt", \Xla~ h,n gron,


III I '-)'-)7 ran Jj r~ady J.1Y da ,m to l)(',ni( tht t h, rd lar~ .. sr ~ui taf manu facrurt'r 00 'ht,
lJS A Th .. ( oml'any's foorS sft' m IllS f a I' ttll' b,r fu rt hl."r hac k [han tim, as thl." Tn co ma
fa, oJot y wa. o tah l,sht,.! as a wood processor and occasional ma l er

• awusr,cs for ot her hra nds, pnm llrily \'qashburn, Two of "l\ocDlm,\ (jrst ,,{f{'tongs , tI ,t'
m ~d'um - hod 1('" C \ (. Ch,d and ( nlVd -s ,~eJ PI Papoosc, gamcd ,mnwdl"" "ttcntion
for ,hl.",r o(fs("l, (('a r. trop-sh"ped S() unJhoks posluoucd at til{' ba_,_,__"d ...

• hom , , hl.", r pln. n M(II'e, and ,he, r ItIll'f{"ss,V/;, sound and bu, ld '-jual,ty "t tht,
P"C.. T;(.("omn nlso o tTers ma ny tIl0f{" trJd .. ion al deSIgns, and h~s
nn n ', k d an .mp rC-SS1\'dy wi d" rJ ng(-, IIldudong t h.. ilorem "' ..-Lu ta wa r
S"Kt'

• F M 16 and EMI O, (he Lauren a J ulx r-dI."M!(ned E s.,,,,-"", , the EUZ 24 wHh
Fl ra~llmn ros(wooJ back Jnd "d.." Jnd many mm-.. , totaHin}!: mort" than 70


IIlS l rum ell (S ,n Ihe rJng" SOUt .. I99X Tacoma 1.,,-, a l" , .,/k..,d ,h" fort",xn -
mJd ... OJ)"m p' d hy Tawma 100" of mure affordahl ~ J.:u.taTS 1.", 11 10 rhl." US
mJke r's d~",W"


O ,h~r ,n(I"Jwnd.. rH q ual"y Nort h Am('f ' can ma kl."rs bloomed ma, nl y m
work- hop._ uff~.,n~ I\-la rroo -s 'y l ~ ~Ulfa rs ,n wood oprions, ap pomrml."ms, and bu .ld
Mandard. (hn! man}' plaY"fS f~ lr Martin ' [sdf {'Quldn'{ del,vet at ,he time Man y of

• th", .. hnv~ m\l\,.. d Oil to pf,,,l un' morl." ont:, na l dcsif:ns, blll most atl." still paymg homagl." to

• 33

fhal ).; randdadd y of th" A m~ r!(J n fhl-top. J illi oftrn topping If, as (tWlr reviews ,,"d star
( odors<."menr i.srs continually pm".. CornpJn,("s 1,1.:(' Mossman . Guri an. T raugort , •
Bou rgco.s. Frog.!:)' HOHom , COIII")o;$, ( ,a llaxh .. r
Jlthough. to Ix- fa Ir, ma n y haH' fi on -d
u u g lllal dcslgns . And t he las. of
(m rH
~ nd &.m..
,ndud .. (ur
Cr u ~

'''til'(' can {.. rm m ly no I""g.. r I"" h it'<!


wcrt' 0111 born of t hIS {'thos -
t'~·t'n ~t;l tleJ Out mcluJmg) mor('
und!'r 's mall ma ker ' •
R IChard IlooVCf. Brucf Ross, an,1 \'(I ,lIm m l)avls fi.rm..d rh .. Sa nta Cruz G UJtJI Company
III - }CP S~ m:l Cnu, C'II,forn,a,
lrom the local ;l{ous(]c sc('nl'" who
In

w~ rt'
197(. , and (I u ,~kly budt up a 51!".,,] y roste r of d ,cm s
look on!,: fur a ion I., mor.. llla ll I he u adH ional brands •
w('rt' olTermg . Earl ) koa-bo..J ,('<1 S.,nra
jll'Mt'rp'l kers on th..- !>Cen..- ,n p,uII (ular, rhan ks ,n
( .1\11 I) SrI' I.. Dr.. adnnug\lIs l>eC"oIme pop ular with
p~n (() I h" ,r w ,d~ r t han stanclJrcl I X. "


finJ.;e dHl<lrd w,dth at t he nut Other models had su htly ,nnovalln: tw, sts o n clasSI" des'g ns
that made t he m ju,1 Ih al l'x tr~ bu more al'peahng (0 s~ "ou~ playO;",s: t he ~mall but d""p'
I")(),d ,td 13-f,("[ H , t he FTC. w'lh 11,' Ihl tOp but nu ~ed u ch..-d b~ck, th..- Tony lI. ict mc.Hid
based on a "!anon DrO;"acin(lll,l:ht
pia)'ers, and many orh,·,s, Nor a ll
"",h " "I a 'g~d soulII.lho l(>, dl{' f S moJelaim..-d ar fing..-,sryk
"'t' r~ ,I: ,t',tt 'UL""'.'''' ,n ,.d(>s lerms -
MartllllG lbson -sryl O;" m(H'I"I, ,hat f"I I"",,,d "'"ul d prov e Sam" Cru,,'s re al bread 'n 'bun{' r -
and in [Je t the claSSIC

but rbey showed ",har th .. makn '01,1.1 d .. ,
name pb)'crs, And by off!'"n>:
models, wllh siO( h ~ad~r(.K k s
~ a Ullfllll y-mad"
~!ld ,a ugh l the attemion of more than a
I'ulla rs lik e Ihe 00, 000 and D readnought
and 12 fr" r, , I"", ul d,,, bod y, or the lx'l uufully appom ted,
f{'",


p rewar-st yled Vmtage D , Sanra Crtl? (nvw sol"ly "wnt'(] hy RKha rd lIocwer) is oncc agam
pmvid , ug" b reed of "imlg(' acouSlic I har can ', t',"I Iy he "Inaon"d rlsewhe,e,
NOlle of theS(' HldqX'nd('nt mo l ers ,s a 'ou, I).:(" opn on , tot n''''''', and ",m" - t he smaller
wnt k~o"p' in p"rtl<ubr, whu(' each guita r IS IIkd y ' 0 rt'{"t'lvt' some aU"nt",n frum till'

company f"und", . - w<'ar p'lte 1"1" tI'''1 "fl' higher t ha n all but (he mosr elahora! t" of liml!",d
ed,(,on Mart inS, Il ur mort' and mure plJ~t"1'l> h",,~ cnmt
wonh TO he ha,1 ,n a well -madt', hJnd-<fufted JO,US IIC Illstruml"nt. and I h:u rhe ITlIlm of
Jusllfiable 'l"xpt' ns lv{" ).: u orar< eX ' t'nd~ u>
to J pprcciare Ihar rhere's "Ienry of

mor" , ha ll , uS t vlll t,'g(' MJrlms and GI bsons, If •


noth ing rlS(". rhe I,s! of "ar playt",' whH h"" .. ,.old nil thCIt M' or G ' brandC'<1 a{Ollso n 10
phly Sllmnhlng from r h~ an."" I,q uf mJ kt r~ J U<"U W Ih,' success of rheS(" sma ller IUlh'e rs

CANADIANS &. EUROPEANS
O ur space here IS IInIlred, ami we h :t~t' ) tlll k mam ly With th" major hI stor ical Ameflmn


rnakas , the modern upst arts , an d Ih"" As,an f1v:o.k IltJ{ xrca l g Ulrars have be€n cOflung Out
of Ca nada fo r d,,~ad~ s, and of cou rse many of (ht, foun d,· r) of rh~ American art of stnnged
,nsrrumf;'nt-mak i".o: bmught tlWlt ,,:,ft (rnm EurolX' In the fir~t I'lacO;", and many fine
'nsrrum e nr~ ar~ sr,1I bO;"in.o: b,,,1t rhe',,_
lkrwt~n tht makt, 01 Rohert C,>dlfl\ l.IS,Do eom pa ll y, whICh (Ov~r~ rhe 10wO;"r to mld - •
I1ln,L':e i'" n' h ' ackf;' rs (w h ,,-h Ind"d", La Pat "'· dJ ~'J",1 g uitars, and &"gull, Norman , and
S,mon
self-named
&. PJf ric k t ur h, t r flat_wI"), and th .. rnld - '" IlIgh -(>nd
(Omi'an~..
Jllstru nJ('n t~

rhO;" m.'I'" ( nn,ldlMl hu dde r' h a", got Ihe ma rkn "'Til covt'rt'<l S,neO;"
fou ndoog h,s H armony L'lo cu srom j.:ulfar work-hop III Montrcalon 196 8, Godon hM Mn
of j''an l..arrovt't-'s


responsible for la unchmg an
th" a, m of pro",don~ good
h,,~e
,ml'rt'S}I~"

souml m~
num h.. r "f differen t
an, ll'la y.nj.: ;;1I 'tar$ W
br~lIds ~ nd d('S'gns. maonly w){h
Ilt'XlOn"rs and student s - o r J" SI


anyone who doo:-s n 'l "Iol 10 SIX'nd , our set·ks an on$trumt'nt t hat o"tperfor ms liS pfl ce
ta~_ Th .. r<,sult., ha~'e p~ld of( Jnd ('"Jell o{ 111(> makes und ... r rht" 1.a:"Do n mhrella pmv id ..s
ou rs{and ",~ val" .. fi n the mon"y
l.arT"'"" ,~an ftJ ually onde~ "d .. nt· rtlll\d('tI g Ul(;l(- mak(> r. who a lso fou nded his rllmpany
In 1968 - in Torooro rh" [1m .. - W rnJ ll ut,nure onl y ciaSoStCal g UHars ar rhO;" start, u)(.al •
de ma nd for quallt), ~[ .... I-, [ "n.o: J!UO £JTS It'd lum In tO Ih,\( realm m 1971, hu[ h, s nylon


34

..

• al'lJNrs to hot- ~'e ry m ud ., a class,cal ","tar ad apted for st"d -slr lng pla ying. W lu,h
say Llwy are hal f· ba ked con versi o n lobs: t he ('\u ly v('rs 'o ns of Ih('s(' w(,r(, upmark rr , (u, r,' m-
, ~not to

• m:lde Insu umenn Ihul pc'rformed stu n ningly, and th(' produc llon mod('ls . hat
are s(l li Irnpl\'S$IVe J*rfo rmers, wit h a snappy {'('spollse and full VO,e(' T ht' coml':lny also
off" rs Dr....... d n.)ug hts, lum bos, UO modds wit h 12 frels \0
h a~'t'

Ihe bod y, and a I'erlr(' par lour


foli owKl

• mod d thar ha,' w"n


solId _wood
~ 1m of ad m irers , T he 03 Senes of 1997 became Ihe mOSI afford ahle all
n.. t- to p m ade In N orth America ~I the li me of IfS ' m rod u(flon , an.1 fu n h~ r ).:00.-1


v:l lue models ha ~ e fo ll owed, all al ig ned wll h Ihe Larr ivee des.g n et hos and , he /<OOI t SOllnd
mid pt". forman ce t hat gOf:S wll h II.
T h ~ ~ vt r-d t't rt'aslng COSt of good ent ry-level gu itars man ufact ured III N o rth Am erica a nd
of rou rst' t h~ U\Il <w nt com pt"tltum - and ev ~ r In creasJIlg <j ual lt y _ of Ihe ASIan Imports
• m~ans rh:.! Im porfln " /l u lta r< (rom (j ump" co th" US a nd Canada has r"rely Ix'e n :In
ap pealing I' rO],05Irl o n, 1I ,,! pl ~n !y of /<U lfars from aero,s Ih" wa l" , a r" d","rving "f r~ , I"" t

• COllline nm l milk e rs S\J( h as Hutn" r, 1.(,, '''' , (-,oya, Eko, Fra m", :lnd Hag"tri ,m p",vJdt'(j
Europ<'an and Brit is h play ers w;d1 1I1C full ran ge of awus{\c fyl" :S fo r
arc bi d e seen out side EU fOp(', Gc rnl:ln y's Lah 'wood , Fi nl a nd's
dt rad~ " (h Oll l' h rh ~y

• L mdola a nd lh(' C/,('( h Repu blic's Fur( h arc large r bu il ders wo rrh y
of" 101 of resp('(t tod ~ y, but among lhe mid -
N o rt he rn lrd "nd 's Lo wden probabl y has the bes t rep ut a t ion ,
to hi g h-end makes ,



O ~" r the (ourS<' of lIS 30 -y('ar history, Lo,,'d en has g ro" ' n
sleadl l)' In ltl a rt'('''g:,ust'd
a num bt' r of pr" ~1l(1" r~~ m"nts
b r~ nd II I t he amuse'c world , a nd ga t henxl
al" ng Ihe wa y, 11Icl ud lllg
RIC hard T hu mps/III, I',,,rr,, B" n' u'a n . J an Akk" rman, Jacques
pl~ye rs lIke

Swm:m, Michal.'! Ht'<l/<es, Da Vid G ray and ut h"fli _ Aft~ r a num l,..r


of cUSlom-bul lI e(fo rl s, G oorg(' Low(len got run n ing as a prod uction
ma ker ,n Ihe I'rop('r sense III (h(' lat r 1970s, In 198';, aft"r some
ycars III whI ch the g uit ars ,.;ere bUill III Ja pa n, G oor",c starred a

• fac\Ory III R:mgo r, No rt h(' rn Irdan<1. Un forl unatei y, II ran ,nlO


mon{'y tro uble ;Ifter only t hree ye;lrs lind changed hands. Gror).:e
ga ' e Ihe new co mpan y a bc{'nse (0 bUild hIS desig ns , But in 2003

• lhal ag reement came to an end , AI th(' st art of 200-1, wha l had bee n
l he l o wden Guaa r Com pill1y c hang ed its nam e \0 Avalon GU I(atS,


Av alo" hilS "OW droppt'd I h~ Lo wd(' n de signs, incl udi ng IllS
n isr lnn lve bral ln,ll, and sra rfed al{ aln w il h a n ~w ra ng",
G«lrge l.() wd tn , mt'an wh,le , ,~onn:, aga,n prodlJ( :i ng nlS " wn


deS Igns In a s mall , sl" , ]>('.son at(,I"' r under hi s own d" tU
supe rVISIo n, H (' also han d- ho del s CUSfom Instrumt nts h,m se lf
George 's role III jl roJu(ln~ ( h ~ ~u lt (l.rs (ha ( bear h is name has vari e<!

• 0"('[ th e years , bUI m ost Lo w<l(' n Inst ru ments are


II num ber of Ius o n glllu! d('$l~n$.
al o n~

N ever one to fo llow rmd ,rlo n,


Lowde n has stcC'nxl :lwa y from til(' ClaSSIC Mar li n X - bfl\Cl ng slIIn'
rhO' lines of

• 1976 , uSing Iush' ad hl$ own modi fi ed A -b ruCi ng sysl em Ihal , for one Ih, ng, hdps 10 pr('v"or
IXluml ne", In Dread n, .ug h l~ and m he r large-bodIed gU ll afS , Il,s orIgInal 0 SerIes (also
Ed Robo.>rbon of The Barenalied
Ladies wi t h h is Canadian-buitt
larr;yff,


'O .. g lllal S~ fle~ J um lxl'), a flIu nd"d , m....d lum-large- bod led shape, con(lIlues to be t he
com pany's mO$f popular mng" T h,,!' S~ ""s 'M id i J um bu' and S s" .. ", 'Small Bod,,' d' arc
also po pular, wh , lt' tht' J) $c:r,C'S (om t'S as dOst' as any l hln]; t h~ nlm p:.o ny d"e~ tel Ihe <lrlgm,,1


MaTfin J)rt'a(! no u~ h l shape'.
T h,' hig h q ua lif Y of a num ber of g rea t Bfl tl sh l\lt h, tTS workin g w d ay War"''''' I,' gre"t"r
cove ra~ e t han space nC r(' allows, Th ~ craft hils re:lil y b l osso m ~d In Iht U K '" r~nn t y~a " ,

• and WI!h g Ul( a rs from t ne l,kC's of Ma nso n, Broo k, !'ylde , Ihvt Kin/< , Tom Mart" , M ,~". Ul1d

• 35
mil"" availabl .. on a hom<,;;rown has,s. wIthout SJlJPPHl~ ~("t, or 'mport d u tl .., ad<l~d fO


t ll t'1r nM, mOfl;" and mort' Hrlilsh players ~n' fin d llljo: t il .. ), don 't haw' to furn 10 Nonh

BELOW A Niltjollal Style 0 'qua""'fl9<k RESONATORS •



resonator gul~, fnnt'I 1935.
OiPP'OSOTE ...... ( Son H CM.I5e, nwlfwr of Befo ... l-lu lfaflsIs "cn' bro:l,.kasun~ tlKlt plJymg t hwu,I(h a 1""1"'0('1 SI'(,"" k("T ("on(' (oupl cJ 10
~ bflM!l. with his trlldemMk an dc-uron ,c ampl lfi{'r. ,hey were' p umpIng It nut t hruuXh [h" 'pun-alumInIum spraker
National.
(on<,s of Nat, on!'] ,l: UH ars umq ue bUllt - m JU'u'U~ amph finlt"m 'yst('m T h ... p rinCIple- IS
II"r t ht sam{". 10 acOUS tiC ,,' rms, J m'W III "; ,-"n., lila[ rnlar;;ts rht· "'''rauonal ene rgy •
transf... rr{,d ,nro II. am] there-by ~ mpl lli,·' J 'ound " SI mpl e thm;;. hut 10 rhe Jays of


drowned OUI flat-tops .IIU..! atd a "p' on IllI r.."",,;;I), luudn handHands, th IS sdf-projecung
dcs lgn was a rn dalioll.
Born oul 01 an Id"" rI"v,,~c! by H ~ w,, " n n - s(ylc ph,)'cr Gl'orge B<'a uchamp, and m"d" a
r('" llly by Lo, AII..,;d", 11I""n",r ) ol1n
rel~", ~d

txforc
in 1927 hy n "I'Pem's own
l<l
I)O I 'yc r~,

N~t, on<ll
(h e lIrs( proouCllllll r<,,,,naW. guotar wa.'
eO ll)pany, whilh h"d bte"n
build hanjo" In fnct rl1 (' S\l((('SS o ( N auo nal"s (ri -COlle r<'Sonato r !;Ulta', and th"
to und~rI jll., t a pear

slugk-u",,, d"s,!,n, tl1", wn"leI soon (ollow (roO) l)()pyer,,'s bre"kdway company l)"h""
would ,,,",~ W put more rl1an n (('W ha nJos Imo swrag<"
Impmw"wnb in "o[u mt' thar ,ht,y o fft'l'('d O,",'f (rndJll ollJl gUlta l'> , Of u m'_.... hy only tl1t'
thauks to th" ,nc r~rI,bl e

I", ddl" of tht' nr>:! dt'("ad(' Ih(' tnere~slOg l,rn •• jeu«- ,)( d~"<trK
would "'I uall y p ll l plt'"n l y of I'('sonator g uJl ,trS ,1\(0 SUll'"~~l-,
.. mplificatlon for "'; Il'tars
hut I hat hau nt lnJ.:, mt' tall,c,


tt'~,.,rI.,.,rant soun.1 wou l<l surVl' e down the Y"JI'S .•md " lOu,,, popular today th an t've' ht-fo["("_
T ht'" firs t ('('SOS had bo•.hes o( G l TlllJIl ~,I~,r ·. wl1l<h "",mally 3 nlc kd alloy (m ht'"rs
would soon also be m~dl 01 lxll b rJ"), and (ar" .. d rhrt'(' rh m spu n -aluminIum cones I hat


0lX'"00 towa rd tit .... "'SId .. ha d , "I ,h.. hildy, WIth I h,-,If ""11('":< ....5 f{'S{III~ On a thrcr-polIIt bmlg('
plcre for I ransl" r.... u(<' ul SlrI"J.: Y,hr~IHln~ 1\;~I,onal's OflJ.: , na l S, lv .... r llaw;um n ('ame III four
slyles o ( JIIcr.. asiu~ d .. mrat,,,n. n\lm ht-, .. d from :>ryle \'s I'la lll body to Slyle 1's d .. i>oral~
nor.t1 engravlll~~,

III Ihe days wh t ll mOM


other han d, had
dnd ..a( h wa,

w,~..J"n
w~ r ..
ava , l:thl~

I'lay ..d
III m\lnd or S'1,,3'e n('{k, the lall er (ar mon pop ubr
l:tl'-~ Iyl .. "'"h ~ sl('('"1 slide, The oflgmal Do bros, Oil lit.
h..d 'n anll a Sln;L:k. largl' r spun-aluminIUm con c th;n opened •
o utward. Borh w.. r~ al m .. d a, fIlughly rh r
1,))Os, uut down tht' Y""" tl->e
s~ m t'

~ t ~(' I -hoc l, ('d


H"gC t mnrke{
Nnllonals h"ve nolved
hlu .., pl"yns' favo"rllt , whd ,' Ihe Dob ro h:ls gcn .... r"lIy been the ulu ..,!; r",,,
,l( uir" r of ,- hoin', In rill" face of (IllS woo:x.! -boJ i('J "v~lry, N~tlOll~1 '1ui,kly ,ttppt'd ,n to
Jll the ble I ')20" and .... rl)"
to lx'com .... rh ..
,Iid~
Ddr ~

pla)".. ,\


make its own more affordable .liIIg1c-(Olll "",..,kl, .,, l)()th w(w,d "nd mrrai- as well as many
mort'" dccor"ll"C "ersiOUS of ti l(' I YP': - ~IId """r th" y.. ar" Ih .. r.. h," ht-(' n no ('nd of confUSIOn
hetw('e n the 1"0 males am ong
parallel h'SlOflCS
pl"),~ ,, I.. ", thall t()tall)" Imm .. ",.J ,n rht' dNaiis of rhe"


NJ(.onal offcroo !"('sonmor gUltJfS Ut, t, 1 1941, bUI durmx Ih .. war yt"a' S tht'" company
evohed U1IO the
th e electric g u'tdr
wide r_ r<'~dll",1(

m ~r ktt ,
VJk" ,,/ (lm al'''. wh"h c"ncentra l",d morl' h(";lv,ly on
Th .. D"hr" IMm .. h.l~ rr"pp.,.d u p lIndt'r a I'1Jn~{' of owners III •
the- I me~{,filng >r~ rs, but tlo"" .. T".'O' ha~'" I...... n mad", hy rh .. O "KlIlaJ Musical
Illst rurnE-nt compa n )" "'ll", 1,)1(), M.. ~n"'hl k , norh wood - and met" l·b,xhcJ Ifl-conr


and slIlg l..-H"'" r.."" In ma n y (IIOJ.:lnaJ Na"()n~1 ty pes arc a~a lll being made to a
I ,,~h ,randard hy rh .. NatIonal Re,o- Phon J(" COm pJl'l y. (oundoo on S.JIl Lurs Ob,spo,
C.al ifm noa , III 1989 A mnl'e of smaller mak .... rs arc Jlso curru nly producing Slm,lar


d .... ign •. wh,l .. hudJ.: .. r \"'rSl ons of bot h m .... ta l and ",nod Cl'SOIlJwr ~uJta rs ar., dVd ilubl ..
fmm A" an ,ml"ort hran.1s 10k.... O~ark and Vint,,~e, Al l CMI t.oke ~ lll tl .. p r-.ot lle .. In ~~I
t h., h"nJ.: uf, hU I t h", ",,"ncr of them wtll sou nd E;orFl'tlUS wllh ti, .. fight mu{-h "".I
t ~<hnlqll" - and «d l "ffer rhe loudest acouslIc pcdormJlllC o f th", ull plugg .. d world


36





















• 37

•M OS! Il lny .. ~ ",,011 always want
anoth('r, how~v('r ('( 1(-, " ,
[0 spr<:iah", to SOnW (,""'Ill on 00(' tylX' of mUSK or
rh(-,r under5tandlng of th" bigs ... p",lU r(' , But the

• J('E:"t('(' of cross· fen II ' SMlOn h<' rwt'O:' n ,ltt'nr...s wday ",mm.-n"," A_, .. gU IIJrIS\ you
stand 10 ocn('fi, ('norm ously from d lt mSJ>U"lU 1on Offi.·f.-.:I hy pr"~'i"lJs ly unfami l Ia r t"ro IlS. ) J.u


('.Ill mAu,' llec blu .... s, cooOl ry Clln mOu('ncc rock. JA~ tln Can m Auenn; p"p. Afm .." Ian IIIAu,-n«
Jda .. . and on LI !:O('$, In II o(';' r" nfin 'f C van Ny of com honar ions.
The rollowll"~ ( h~plcl'S offer n groun.hnS In 11 of rh.. most n una! fi,rm., ,,/ gU ild' pl.. yl1lS


today, wll h Ihe 111m of helll'OS }OO (0 hoo(" your sk d ls In you r (-ho,~ n "yl .. wl,,11'" bn,..d1 nl1lS
you r :lb,hty 10 I' n c o m p;)s$ a w hole r,' of,'C of m usICal mOO<.ls. N t w comt' rs [f) ,1;""'" 1'1.1 ) 1J1~ wi l l
have ~ (hance w m .. k.' a SIMI Wllil some of tile moT'(' hasie lrssons In rh~ ' (;~H In" St-..n..J ·


~ hap l n t hat Upt'II~ t h~ 1)I . ,k , It " t h~ ,," ly un ...lImed
(" ha pl n rar .. ~s a I"lI n,,~ of I ~,s"n' ,,,,,..d en pl.ty.. rs rallgJllg from novice
~t tile a bsolul{' beg m n('r. Orhrrwl~,

mos t skd ltd pro should 1"1(' flhl~ h) r~k~ away a ft"w nt"w tm.h and u,dull'lks from ( hcs(' p,lg('S
!O "dvanet~ l .
~;,(

FYI,," r h ~
h

• Gl yen Ihe sp~n' " lI ow<-<.1. none of rh('-~t" ehap r n~ prt"t~",h to I", ' th~ iinJI worJ '
ei lh er, a ll houg h ('ae h otTers rh(' skil ls n("{'<le<l co rn ak .. you n",fJd~nt '" tht" .!w "n". II on('
(!Il J Style- .
or (I


num ber of t he new slyl('s r('~ ll y !"i\OS yo u . you "'illl">t' wdl ~<]"irp"d to bt"gi" <ll"'p"r study,
Or yOIl (an IllS' rak(' a f(· ", II('W k l(·, mn HHI C.. lru- ii(' h to your ll~Xt blu~, gIg. "nd blow yOl,r
ow n bolmdan('s.


GUIDE TO NOTAnON SYMBOLS
If you 'f(' not f~ m.llar with til<' symbols 1I>C<.t In standard m usie nora flun and rahbru,~ (uh ). d ..,\


SC'( lIon p<OH<.ks J Il U1 tr(...t uC tio ll
S~'m b"I,,,
to most of wh" , ~·ou WIll eneOUnfer. As rht' ranJ.(t' col mll",,,1
vast , t hr. prom~r ",,,n'r ht· t"xhau.'>t l v~, but It w.1l gIve )'OU enough 10 ~"("I you rhrou;: h
rll.- fullowl ng ehapf~'" You 'lI find fu rth.-r g Ulda'K" On any new symbols or mstrun rons }'ou


t"ncounr("r - pa [llcu larly In mOil;" ... 1VW1(ffi nOlatlon - wlthm Ih .. <,xpbn~tm) " .", JCcoml:t;' oy.nj.:
rht" "Xt"rclSt"$ rht" mse lvt'S


All (')[crc 'Sl'S, or he r rha n I h05t" of pu re rhylh m nOlat i" o , willi", r<'prtcS<"nto:J '" bbth s(,lnd;,r<-l
OOt~ flOII an, l fAh ; wh l lt" s.om~ symhols aft" (Om mon to bOlh sf-t.. m_., "'hns ~ H' uSt-J bnly 0 11 00('
or rhf- o rlwr. W h, lt, many t')[crn$l;'S w ,lI mclude SIIJ.;;:e«I..d ('hord, fi" ~,.,-ump:"" rnOIl below Ih('


bonom tab 110(", chord box("s wI ll 001 always !-X. g,Y.. n, unless t h.. ,-hord" t hl'mS<' lv("~ J rr til("
pom l 0( (he st ud y, or t h(' au t hor f~ls It WOIll,t he part 'Olla riy h .. ll'fill w I""v,dl' "' m ~ g Ul d",\ec
aboll t unfllmiliar chords. NOl e (,Iso dl~t iodlCalio ns of rhyth m w.l1 bt 1(Ivtn unl y III Ii ,t' 'tandJN


" orat io" . I hrolltl"h (h(" liSt

READING TABLATURE
of tm<lithln,,1 note w lues.


A eo ml' lr t.. courS/.' In rt"acil n;: mU SI( ,n 8fandard llmation would t"k.. mor .. !'p;l«(" tlwn .s n~ ail nbk
hut', BIH tah lntl1f(' - mb. for shon - IS ('a~ .l y "xl'laiflt'(L
Tab IS t'Ssen l lally a me l hod of shOW Ing fing('r plac.. mt"fl t5 rhat corr.";p,, nd to (hI' nN('S shown


on Ihe Siaye of mUSIc dll'('("lly aooV(' rl. I, enables guirarlsts ",.(h flO (rad, ( ,,,nal mu~i' - reading
sk Ills 10 play C)[CrclS('S r"<'j.:a>"<lIess. If you'f(' n('w to tab, th", key I" ,in t , w nml'.ttt" that II US('S


no t lll..h\lonal 'notc-s ' as such but C'a rrr c-s nu m hcrs In th" i, plact", t har " " mad .. up III SIX
hOfl~on tal Imes mstClld of fiv(" and t haI 'I Glrr+es no ekf or k.. y "~ natur.. t:ad, of ,h. sa
hOrJ~on tal l lll("s represents a s( rr ~ on (he g urtar begmnmg w "h rhe lowes t l Int" , r~prt"ot'n ll ng


th(' low E-su lIlg . To hdp you rem em ber wlu(h ""'Y IS up . Ihe nmes of rh .. op.. n srrrn~' Jrt'

H~~~
wTl Ut" n along,,,dt" ,h~ ,ab 1111.., ("" .. fi,!!:ufl' I. lOp). For ('xern~ 10 'ailernar(" ru nml-:S , I h~

ah nt'd SI Tln!,- n()[t' valu.,.; WIlli", ,!!:'''~ " ""[t"ad , as '" (he exerc ise '" DADGA D (unlnj.: (fi,l: urt'


I, \)I)UIlm ). N uml,.. ,", " n I h.. 1111... ",dlL"-l .. ti,t"
~t ro (0) In d,ca' es Ih:u an Ol"1('n smng 'S to t,.. pl ayt"d _
fr~t at wi lleh 10 hold dowlI (hal SI n n/-: , wh, l ~ a

Figure 1


• 39
Th(' majori ty 0[ notauon s} m ools atc us..'d to mSt ruCt you III the llu;HlITS of Gngcr mo,'cmcm


OC<..JUlIl_'U to playa P'i'Ce wIth tile wm:t. t '{,-d '
l he nmatlon -or sI ti ng trt'l n umber ."mb,nJtltl' " III d~ lau - rd h you whi<-h ' K>t", to sound,
!Jut wnhou< .I.., ,ymbol, It ""ould be' n.,..Jrly Impo"-,, b l.. m d.,[t'rm",.. [rn, subdN I"-' of pla}'l ng
t t·duL1<j ut" chat make a partKu l~r 't} I.. <>1 riff rt'(.ugn ' .... bl .. •
Bends Sumg bt-u.h .Ire ind" Jro:d by a 't.l rtmg
small 'arch" symbol IinkJl ~ I t to J
IM,tO'

Sfi"nd nun' (..... 'In..llln.."


aclue...:",.l al doe peak oi th .. l~nd In t.lb, d ,.. ~nh 1'11k.- th .. , [am "l' nm ..
m be pl~) rd btfort' {t.., bt:nd ()(:cur.<, and
III pa r.. mh=), which
{tJ
,~ tilt' not ..
(h .. irH [mrn l"" ",Iurh
J


t."<j uac", to t h.. !;":,,nd nm .. , ",,·.. n r""""I' h , II .. l", nel m" f, nxt'r s laY' at (h.. "' m~ frt"


' UL" insr m n, you to ' ~ n<i up' (fi~ (l rt' 1). B~nd rt'lra...-saJ1:' ",I(n,fi<:<i in th~ n··.. ~r"', 'BI)' 1-!' lIin,c;
P'" to 'hend down' ( fi ~u!"(' 2).

- - _................................. _ - - -
.
.:~:
I~ :
,,.-..,.
~

r ' , ;1 [
g~ ±- r :r If "(
...
r l
i •

~ ~ . 8~ ~

~
" Oil oj " II
(141m) 14
W
, ~
, ~

"
., ..,
• " •••• "
I •

...-
Figure 3 Figure 4
..............._ , - - - - -- - - - - - _ . _ . _...
W/he n che prt"-bend n(lte " not tu
Figure 5

I,.. "" und«l


b","d ffUm , ic willi .... In part'nrh.., .... , wi t h ' PIl tOrl',-.,-n..n,r
Figure 6

bue m",,... ly pmvld", a Manin,!;


_ _ _---
....... ...

m,t ",,..,,ion m
(hdow-rl~hr). 'U )" m t"3.ns 'IN down


(fillu n: 4). Yo" w ill also Stt an ul""",I" .. lown al"("h !-otlo,"" norc-s whl""1"(" t h(" symhol ...."Ou ld orn..rw.<,("
dash WI(h an Il n-bcm nOf(" on a h,pll('r StrlnP (fif!un:' ~ ). ' '''11('\"1:" an IIp-OCnJ IS iml""nu{".J as mO\"1:"
of an Infl<'("fIOfl. wirhOll f a condudlng norr
·ht"nd 5("mItOflC sharp (figurr 6).
A f\1I1 ronr hl,l;hrr. you will '>('(" ,h(" ",.r.als B..."5' for

Fingerings Som (" (""X("I"(" ;SC"$ offrr flnJ.,'<',m.t: g\I"l.ln((' In
nOH'S In rh(" s(a' ·(". (("Iling you whIch fin.!:('r
If a " if is rt'1X"a({"(I.
d u( (rri ng (he s(a\"{".
(hC"S<"
(0 liS('
(II(' form

fingrnngs w,1I ge nrro ll ) only be F I" ('o for the first = '1mpk
or small nllm('rals alongsl<i(' (hr
for fn:'({In,i; that no(r. whrrr 1 =ind(""X (figuT("" "' ).
(0 aVOl<1 •

Gliss G liss IS shon for ·ghs.s..l lldo·, (he term u ~1 ill cI,' ~S,c~1 Ill105ic to muicmc ~ slcady shdr
OCl" C'C1l nOlCS, In more COIl\cm por.lry lim ns till' lC'l. hll,'-luC " oJi('ll r('[crrw to as a 'slide ' or 'Gnger
sli,k', but ,till indicaced a.\ 'gl", ' in (h~ l\otat lO ll . A o li" "'Ill go up or down (Ilgur~, S and !old), •
\X' ith a gli" fforn OI'~ [lme CLl Jl,"(her. ~ 11 ... n Ii ,y m b, ,1 _ " mlbr to thdr Ils.ed to i[]dic~ce ~ belld
- appear> in rh~ ,c~ve .

pl.l yi nt;" the jjr>c "'ite.


wa h an art h or ad J" " IIn,l!
th~n ,lid ",,!! al" ,,!, !h~
l ln~ In the tab, Th~ t!"ChnJq u~ i n \'(] Iv~"

rt-qll lr...:! nu ml:...r o((,-.,t, to ,."..,. h


A /,:1;" ' rm uol p lac«l bef<l<~ or 4ftt'r a "".'lIt' nOfe (fill" rt'< 9 and 9a) [I' ll. }~)u to , tid .. to nr (n,m
ch~ ",,:nnd
so m ply
"O[~


an ulIsp.,u ii«l pm.h , but to bnd on til.. "Ot.. .Lt,,·en,
Hammer-ons and Pull-offs N '~r.... h .. ner~t...:! b¥ h~mm",n n.'l nn nr pu llin,!; off a ,crin,!; a. a

""n Klllar fret art" ",di(:at...d wI t h" I,nkln!, 'I,d .. and rh .. ahs.-n<~ of" pick ",/; "ym bni O rh .. r run, •
._ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _L

-
art" g~ne r~ tt-d WIth a p l~k..d nnr" to ." .... r. WIth thost" ti)llowln"': ham mered or pull..d

- •
- -, u" . t ., • •• • __ - _ _ _ _
n If r
" ,,

. 7U
=, •

.0
~

•• .,0 ,
I •
/f '" ,
Figure 7 Figure S Figure Sa Figure 9


Fig ure 9a

'--"'-"" r~--
40 '
I •

• I nr('rpr~r'n.l! wh ll h "I"l'<.jum"ll I~ o..'i£Xl on tiK' J Jl'cn ion of tnt- mu<ical li nt', A ><.""dms nOl l'S are
ham mem l, and !l~nclll1.1! IIOtt-. are pulled olf . Th,s app li <"S wh(', h("r a ph "'<4-.t' " {(>w U)

• ham m(', pu ll g('nt'r:u~ (fi/lu,., 10) or " 1.lUnd lt."l.! "'nh a p ick st roke' (figu rt' 1 I).
Harmonics '\Iaru mJ ha rmon lr~ - In.""
fift h or ~"('m h frt'l for C"lffim plt' -
",- h l(,~·..d by damp mg a 5trlllg JilT-cd }' (l"t'r rh.. 12d"
ind IG. tt-d by ~ d mm onJ -sha!X"1 "01t' III Iht' " ......


;m.-

:l(com pro n,cd hy a Na r harm ' d o....n'" '' alld ~ bruk.,,, lilli' cXlcM mg tOC kn;:r h of , .... n.a rmu" 'l...·
d urar 'on Th(' sam ("$ ,nd '(lIrN ,n ,h.. ta b by d .... let lefS -Nh ' follo"'...,j by a hm !.:!'11 I, nt' (fig u re J 2).


Arnfin al harmof"" c< - I~ "" ("l<'m,rm..:J il) {relllllg .. .Klle and da mpll1J.: ,h(' sam .. sm njo; 12 f rt't~
higher - a rt' ,nd ,(art'd on In., Slav" w It h [h.. t .... ttt'd notc in paocmh('S('S and (hr dampt"d (hJrmofl K)
note lfl the sha)X' of a ,hamond, an on ",,-., h'lI t..,r, and aLm m p.lIlJ(.J by (he l(,((M" 'r follow ed b)' (t..,


fn 't no.unOC'f (fi.!!urc 13). In (hr ran, rn,s 'S ",.;I ,ut.,.) by u"n);, a num ber (or th(' focne-I rl()rr fo il ()\\"",",


• - ..,
., 'i ., 'i
I •
~ "

- -----.---.



Picking Symbols P,ck " mk~ art" md ,e.. tt.-d ",th t,,·o t} pN of s)'m hols T h" ,), art" not
u1Uve~U y g " r n 10 arl ~roc 'SC"S, nnr arr K"orr",Uy induJ.,.) wlK-OC p,ckl"!; d Jl't '(flon ,s eflr ,...1 m

thc (,·d of tile' p leW (figu oc 11).


Figure 13

r··---·
j
Figure 14

• Rake A r" l..r


- = downstroke " =upstroke
.s indl("ared hy a wavy " ~ rtJ(al 1m" end ,,!!: lfl an arrow

• lIod,(,I flng th" w~) tIle' p ick shou ld !low (usnally from Inw nm" ., rr lllg
11", " gt',,~w ll ) ~ccomp'l\l teJ by the- word 'rake' her",,,",n th" slaV.,

Rhythm Patterns Lmrs ocp rrscfl fl ng pu rr rhYTh m patt.,rns, w ,tI",ut note ,alurs for plTch.
In lugh In thC'SC chapfr rs).
and t~lo hne (figuoc ]'j)

• un ur III a ~oupJ ~ ~ )f difl"'rm t forlllS (partln ol a,l y in (ht '\'\Iorld Musi c' ( h~p ter) wht oc non -mr!od ,c
rhyt hm f"'tt~m, pJ Jy~d by drum s andlor )X'TCm Slon arr cn Kia l m the ge lt ' ". TlwS<' O);I Y br


rrpr~"«"ntffi a, on" - Io ",, 'Hav e, with o..-:ut v'11ues g iven f"r insrnlm r nt (fjJo( u r~ 16). or as ll(Jrlll ,d fi ve-
1",(, ~f~Vt'S w uh ht>"1 va lll~.' ,;,Vt"11 hut 110 pitch iuJ ica tion or ordinary nores fall onJo( .t Il Oil th .. .'Jm~
S!-"lCC 10 Indl Cal r a lack of p" "h " .. Iu" (f, tl ","" 17), T he corrco imerprr latl on of I"a( h will Ix-

• explain",1 ",uh on rhe re leVll.Ilf md ,,',d ua l L hapt~n; .

Triplets Wh;lf('\'rr rh!:' rhy!hmi <' valu" of th,,'r nJllst iw em notc'S (WhKh . of ( onrst". " a lway., th!:'
!.l!lle for ("ach no re on a rhl"«' -norr ,l;fOu pin ,;), trl p l~1'i are inJic-J tctl b y the ntl m br, T and lon k'''t;

• brncke(5 abovc or brio\\' rh!:' appropr,art" not"" III t he .'[,J'-" (figuoc 18).
SIm Ilarly. "" h('f(' ~x{llplt'C$ (K'CU r - t hough a ram )' - ther
Im l..mj: brockers abo~"(' or hc-Iow rhe:- approp riaao " ot<:>l
a~ mJKJ[('<1 by , h(' nu m heor ' ('i ' :mJ

. L_
I
!


III the stave (fij:uoc 19).
As for S<'pwplefs and ·fj \·!:'cupl.,r' (qu ,ntuplet s) - ~'rs, t he)' ex'~t
_ ___ r --


~-
"" I~
J,*II--~~
I I , •• J • :c:
: :: :
]~
rI . ~ . r"\ .

••
Son_2;3
,= ~ • •• I I I I

Figure 1 S Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 18 Figure 19


"._ "--- - - - --
------------~--TI~

• 41

MAJOR AND MINOR CHORDS
Ie m~ J...,'S sell.'" Cu sta rt wah som~ chords , SO hl' rc M(, dw Sh3p'" (',r fh ~ mO$. -llSrti IlM)O' and •
mlllO! ch" rd s. N,'rO(~

COnt •...,.t " f 'hr;x h r malor wn h


Iha l III m m pa n."Iln to rh ...
'~ad'
m.l ,OI"S , t ht' m inors !>Ound solA 1bc l'mul l"naJ
minor is crunal w tilt' vasl h ul k of W~l('m m usIc


A, you tack I" ,h(' shap<-s l h"" k fha r t<teh s{[Jng th"t , hould I,., soun, lll\g IS S0l1lJd,"!; W h.. n
thl' f, ,,~n' ar~ III ril ... rit:1ll pbc~, play ~~(" h siring indlvidua lly_ If !lOfCS do nOI so u"d , th .. u,ual
co us..'~ af~: a flfl~('r on 11K metal if.,t , a flngt-' WO ["t '""''"f from til .. mt'ral (11'[, nOt p r"",,,.'! hard


('!lough, ot a f ....fl m}( fing<'T lOud" u,.; and rhel"(·for(' mu ong an ad jact'm $rro ng.
A spet-ial word muSI Ix- 'kud ahm't rh" sha~ for B, 8m , F and K m Tht'S(' 111"01,,.. play'",>:
" Ixo rr"" hut rou (~ Il I.lSC th~ vt'rS",,, wl fholll dw rL.dl [,.. rrt' fi>r now. ull ul Y('l.lf fi llgt'r:. I(.. r u~1
, , Wit h II ~Ild Hill lhe Ix"s IInf .. on rh t· fi f{h s l rin~ is thn~for .. op r' tlnaL
to rh .. ft'C) uirt·d pos ilio" _


MAJOR AND MINOR CHORDS

,,
, , , 8 c
, ,,, ,
, , , ,, •
WJ

1,
r1J I,

- •
-
~ I •
1 5 1 3 5 5 1 3 5 1 351 3 5 1 3 5 1 3 5 1 1 3 5 1


,, , ,,, ,

8m Em

.
0 , , 0

l-

• I' •
[1-+++-1
1-

151 151
r
135 1 ] 1
~

1 5 1 ~3 5 1 5 1 I] 5
F- ~

1 5 1 i3 1 5 1 ~3 5 1

Master the chords on this page and you will have the
most common major and minor variations at your
disposal. a long with some barre shilpes you can move
,, Elm "m

up and down the neck to create diffenmt chords. The
numbers beneath each of the chords show the role each
note is playing. A basic: 'triad' has a root note (1) which •
gives It its name. The other two notes. the third (3) and
the fifth (51, occupy the third and fifth steps in a scale
built on the root. More complex chords add extra note$
=



fTom the SUole.

1 13 5 1 51 ~ 351



• jIl
• SEVENTHS
Tht ntH most com mon g roup o( chords i, l h~ """tllt h.\ , ! I"r~ are two typ'" fotrneJ hy adding

• it single llOle to

initially. The B7 barrt


t he major cho rd . Don 't wor ry if you <:an 't play

the fingers t wO frel s towa rd


v~t, i()] ]

t h~
will gi\'~

nu t. Tlw
YOll a difter~nt

Ij t tl~ fin;.;~r WJth 1'7 is optional.


( h~

A7 if you tah off


In an d 1'7
r h ~ harr~
h~ rr~

and
chord s.
m()v~



The maj or .,,,,,,,m h chord has a , idle, ,,,,, nd than tlw fir8t typt'. Again. b",t tlw Bmaj 7 and
Ema j7 if yOll fi nd l he", d i!Ti~u lt. Th~ F#maj7 has t h~ advantag~ "fl"'int; a m ()v"hl~ ,ho rd t hat
docsn't h ave a barre. M"k~ ,,,te chac all {h ~ st rin;; , that , ho u ld he ""u odi ng art. ot h ~rw i""
may miss the sevent h!
YOll

• SEVENTHS
A' , , 0'


,
, 0 o o , , 0
, o o

I-
• -
i 4

• 1-
-

• 5 1 3 17 1 3 1715 15 1735 1 5 ~7 3 1513 f 71

• MAJOR SEVENTHS

0'

Dma/
o 0 0 , 0 0 , , 0 0 0 , , 0

~
1+ ' --

• I 4
-


I 4

• - - , -+
~

1 5 '73 ;71 13513 \7 1 5 7 3 5 1 5 7 3 5 1 3 5 7 3 1 57 3

• ,, ,, o

I
,, Gmaj1
o 0 0
These seventh and major seventh
chords wil l expand your vocabu la ry
considerably. and add richness to

• I 4
your playing. They are simp le
variations on their major
counterparts and re lative ly e asy for

• - the beg inner to form .

J
I

j

II I,

1 573 1 357 1 357 1 3 5 1 5 7


• 45

USING A CAPO
In ord er to make playlO).! In f[,!lOcul! k"Y$ ...AlS' .. r, /olU ,fur"rs u_"" a cl ..",c.. l nown as a 'capo', TillS •
may look I,ke a mN ,('v:d IOs rru nl('nr of lon ur.. hur , all a KUl ta n 't,
It ans as a (In.! fi n!,"!.'! substi tu te wll(' n hold ,o,l: a hMrt', or a l rt'matl~..,ly It COUl bt' rhnugln of as
a rn"v~ble nU l. If a key would norm.1 l1 y m ('9.11 lo(s o{ ha rn: chords (and an w-h m); hand) th.. (:> po
It 's u" .. of ~·tlur lx'S! {ricllJ ~.


w,ll allow you ttl t urn most of lh... bart'(' chords ,m o 01"-'0 SH,"): shap",.
I Je re's an c"L1mplc: you nN'J to piny a song tha t was f("(uMn!
£:\ . Ej,
10 A.> m aJUf and u,;o,s Aj., B!.m,
r. I1)' •

C m, and Fill - ;,11 barf(" c hords. If you I'll l th .. capo at I h., fr.. t "",,-h churd ':-.111 Ix>
pl~y(-d wit h the sha pe of the (hor..t a ~m u on(' oclow II .


Auual p m -h: A, 8,m Cm Fm

G Am 8m C o Em

Much eas ier, and ir rou nd s N: rrt·f "x.! And Ih:\! \ nut til .. "" Iy "'''Y W~ u >uIJ d o it

Ac n wl ])If( h :

C"po IV s h ap,~ :
Ac

E
",m

F#m
Cm

G#m A
0, E,

8
Fm

C.m •
O r. for a n cx[(cmc 0011("'$1 .

Auual p ll d l: A, 8,m Cm
'"
E, Fm

Capo VI II Sh3pt"S:

You will nutlO: t har as


C

th~
Om

n Ip" g"'" u p rh..


Em F

11 ... 1.:
G Am

th" IllIlb re of thc F Ul tar W Ill chanFc. Th,s IS •


'om ~ t h il1,1(

o r d own a kty
t hat <nl1,1(w r ...,ro; ust'
[0 h..n~ r

p lay ),: o i[;>r w lf h a frir ml ,


'lilT
11 • 111,0.:
d d l l)t' r-~[ .. Ir Th~y

t h~1r "" I(~ . whlth '~""";

a OIl''' h l,o.: h on "n...


JI", use a capo \0 sh Ift a chord = Itlcncr til'
I"u rm llg" nlW SCI of chords . L~SI I )', ifyotl
the SUl t"rs c ~n crem r a rrsonanr sound •

"j

w" h rh" two ,l( u itars p lnyln,o.: rh.. sam.. ( hurd, 10 1,0.:11 und I"", :


1\ct u ~.J pi lC h: G Am 8m C D Em F

G uita f I

Op"" <.hord, G Am Bm C D Em F

Capo VI I shal";".5 C Dm Em F G Am B) •
MINOR 7, SUSPENDED 4 , SUSPENDED 2 CHORDS
By mc(l'i y mo" ,nF be)'ond I h(' hnsl C m ajo r choo:ls - ",h.,r., " pp "'p ro a{., - co m llet shapo's th::o t
" n n'l m uch more dIfficult to play, Slmp l(' sonp ca n mk., on :..:Id"'" [t ns.on and afm'''pht're


I lt r" art' thTft' mhef types of chorJ that ;)1'(' ofl('n found on songs, an<1 can I,., useful m, ...i
h uildt n;_ TI lt ml1luf Sl'v~ lII hs ar<' tile" mmor ' "('('Sion of , he 1\7, B7 an.1 so on prtv iou sly shown
T h" Bm7 will yitld ~" altern~(lve Am7 If yo u ("k(' off the bo rn' and mov., tht" iin,l!"rs t"'I> frt"f' •
d uwn toward th" nul. 1'1", 1,1\ 1,' fi l\S~t wllh F#m7 IS ol' llon,,1.


46


• hna\lS~

nut(' fO
uf t h~i r tensiun . In t he case of Asusl\ . J)susll and ESlls-i a ll [har is rt quired is to add a
a simple major chord sh~JX' . T hc Asus 2 and Ds us2 >ll'(' pop ular oc.::a usc thc rcvcrsc

• haptX'ns: )ou juSt lift a flngcr 0[1 a suing that would usually
not as tcnsc and has an open, 'hollow' sou ud .
tx lr<::llro [or A or D. Thc susl is

• A MISCELLANY OF EFFECTIVE ACOUSTIC CHORDS


II el'(' arc 16 chords lha t sound grcat on au acouslic guitar. Som t arC created by eith~r Iifiing a
b" rr~


finger oIT a notc with a com mou shap" (BmaJd 4, I'ffm 7add I I , FIllaj7add I I) or [[Hw ing a
chord simp<' up (D6I'). Am aj7), or a r~ uni 'l u~ 'voic ings ' - lih th~ C whic h ),a" a Il-"u ing
reSOUa nCe lx...:aus~ withi!] it lher~ aile two (;, alld two cs at the sam~ pi tch.
AI", i nclud ~d at~ t wo firs t i nv~ t';i on " hur(h - (~ IB and 1) /1'11- t hat oft~n f~alur~ in a(ouM i,
• ,,, ngs. Fir' l i nv~ rs i" n ,im ply m~an~ t ha t t h .. roo t note i~ not the luwes t in the c hord , rhe "third'
abovt ir is p layed i ns r ~ad _ rhe nNe that is two tont's h ig her t han the rOOt in a majo r chord. Try

• these out and karn tht' ones you l.i ke rOt your own p laying.

• MINOR 7 AN D SUSPENDED CHORDS

,, Am'
, , , ,Dm'

• I
I 4

J
I I 4

• .. ~

• . II II
• Ftm7
,, ,,

• ~
. ---

-

• I4 I4

• I 4
I .1

• ,,, G,u~4
, , , ,


• e,

, I

- -

• f- - -+ I


,

• 47
'.' w •
EFFECTIVE ACOUSTIC CHORDS
,, ,

Ffm 7add 11
•- - - - ,, 09 add 11
•- - - ,~

----
, •
8m add 4
, •
II I •
- ~


I
I
0
' , ~
, 'm',
" ·, Am add 9
,
'Jj
,'m' I
I- I
I4
r~ II I
f-- - ;I
I
,
All (no I .d)
, ., A add 9
,, Fmaj1add 11
,, Om'
•, I
I
IJ

I4
I
-

I
• ,OJ,, • OIFf
0 _"- _ •
C add 9
, , ., Amajl

I
I
I4 I
• I
I - H -
I
I


48


• STRUMMINC PATTERNS
N o w rou lJ;lvt' plrllly ofrho rds (Q p lay with . So !ct "s lurn our auem;on to du, hand thaI h, t" th ..

• str; nb"S_ Alc hllugh 01 .s poss,h l(' ro st ru m wit h yo ur t hwnh or t he uppe(Sid .. " f your fi ng .. n: . tho-
bo;st m ot' f(,. 5tra'ghf-on rhyrhm playing is prod uertl b y usi " g a p ick , or plectru m . ThO's .. small
pie(:~ " f p lasm" are- h.. ld oct ween t hu m b and {oreli"g er (doll 't lJ."" you r.second fi oJol .. r ht-<-auS<'

• you migh t wam to p luck ~ Sl rmg wi t h 1\ aI the S:J rnt' t ime as ho ldi ng th .. p ick). The' rhu mh
cwsSt:S , h.. fi ng'" af app rox imact'ly II n g lll angk. Most of t he pick should bo' I;npp"'-! _ rh .. , ..


d oesn't " t:"Cd ((> hr m uch show iog to h it dX' strings. P icks COm .. in var ious sha f't's ancl
th ick n.. '~s . I'm a(ousr ic si ru mming a th in olle is {,olSit'S! 10 ',.,g in wil h and mlxh. XIVt' Tht' bIoST
wn~ for janx.ly hUT nor-roo a~ rcssivt rhyth m p laying. Th ick pi("ks pu r u p more rn lSla nc('


againS I Ihr ST rongs and (ake ~ link mor~ ~ffi}ft, w h i l~ a1", ind ,,("inx. a lifTk mo rt' volume. Th(o
sr ru mmin;\o: an ion is mos(ly (rom th~ f" rearm as il han).;s off the rop of Thc g u iTar bu r (he harK!
wmClimcs conr ributts a lietle for emp haS I'.

• T he cssc nc(' of g, ~.od strum mi nt( ran he su m ma rised as follows : ntn ncss of tont , :Ivnidi ug
bass strings rhut (tre not mea n!
cont roll ing t he vnl ume, and
to

k ~t pi n;i;
he hir, rhc ab ility to strum up and dow n with t<qual f:" " h ty,
sready t im e. h also means knowing whtn urtd how to Ie-ave-

• OU I strums,
Exe rci se 1 Me-IS us srarrr:'<"! , Hold down an E m ajor chord. Tap your foot, count to ytHme- lf,


or set a metr()nom ~ !!"trl/j ar a mtdiu m tt'mpo (arou lld 80 to 90 bpm). ntis t'l<t'n ';st' IS trl 4/4,
wh ich m"'J n." f" u r burs to t:a<"h bat, St rum clownwa rd s every other btc-.tt , I ht' n (tn ~3('h he-al , rhe-n
twice On .,lKh l>t'lll (e lgh, h-nortl or q ua vers), then fou r l imes o n "'.teh btat ( 16th-note:s or $/;'m l-


quavt'I"S). l)ept'M ing on how fast or slow you 're going you may fi nd . ha. s trum m ing rwO("t' and
/l.ur t Imes 10 a btal IS roo Jifficu lt JUSt g oing d ownwards. Th .. answt"T IS to sfru m {Iown and up ,
al' t"mat ing .

• Exercise 2 g ives fli ne ~! rum ml ng palll'rns. T hl' fi rs! is a sl ru m


how wlrh r:ach cxampl., somt' serums are I3 k"n away; Ihc ("hord I~
til str-ug h t e'gh t hs. Not tee
allowru to rillg. Th e w i.' is :
, he fas, er the te mpo the- longe, a gap you Oln it"avc. W il li IV , here is the JO lroU unlO,(I of p 'tt t'·.



Th is IS the line join ing dlot' fift h q uave'

any wllS you cou ld use uny


on mood, t em po) and 'o,,~)V~ '.
on ~
10 thl' fou rt h. A ric means you slIike the fi rs t of t ht'
JOtlled pai r bUI not the ~"nd . Inst"""" tho: fi rs! laSIS for . he le ngr h of time of bot h 1101 ($ , In
or a mixru rt" of slrufll lll ing panerns. Your choice will d t:-pt nd

--_.. _--

• ~4d ,
, •
J Ij
,
, ,
, , , , , , ,
1, 1 , 1 ,1,• I ,nu n ;>! ! ! !! ! ;11
•!
j j j j J J J j J J J I fffi fffi fffi fffi
, , •

J
• .L -----
~-~ -----

• I
•t
J l l l J l l l
•I •t •
I
•t •
j
•t
" J
j

n
! t j

J l l l
j t
'" J, j

n
t j

J n
,

• IV j j 1 t I V I

rl
t j VI I t j

• J l J LJ J J J J ~
J J J J J l' J
~
J


VII 1 t j 1 VIII J t t I t j IX I 1 t I 1 I 1 I
j I
J LJ J J J l' J l' J~
l'fl n .Ffl n ffi


• 49
O nt" way to mak .. you r srrum m ml< mUTt' IIa" n:<'tlllg IS to p ick some of the bass noct:s of t ht' •
chords ;ndivid uJ li y and rkt-n h .. rht- (-hord , ~L' ... exerci se 3 . l b is il)'k is known as
p ic k'o ·stru m . The bass not{'

I
IS

5C<j UCOIT Iha l knd s " self to t h ,s approach .


I n ex erc:ise 4
u sua ll y th .. f"I)1ir om.. "f the, dlOrd . I lell'

h(" bass nOH'S all;' nor a ll roo t n,,(.-.I, though t h.. tech mq ul'
Inuoo un ions!O songs a nd hn b !x-. W('t'f1
in smgle 00(0.'5. with chords on iwrw t't.'n , as on
(hl'no<t'~.
IS a ,,·cLl-lmown chord

and V.,rk, ,,,m t'll mes f"'-dl llf(' a p hrase p layed


exe rcise 5 A ""lIg like 'WlSh You W Cn' H <."f"("
IS l he sam!.'. •


by Pmk Floyd or d R' Inrro to 1 .t'<1 7.t'PIlt' I ," ·~ '0 " ... T ht' H il ls And l;df Away' arc cXlJ rn p lo:s of
this pop ub r approach 10 p ,d;:'n 'SU\lm .




, ,
I
CD1 TRACK 1 •
.'
-
~

"J
~ ~ •
"
I

"
I

"J ' •
,
"

, ,
-:- •
, , •
, •


Om D


BASIC FINCERPICKINC PATTERNS


Exe rcise 6 s how~ 14 d,ffer"" t r, "g n -pick ll ig pm tcrns. N oticc how I h~ rhu mh looks aft~r th~

bass nOles. In ~tK h caSt rht' no tt' of th~ d l. " d :,,~ ., (, wl(.ling b ut in a di fferent man nt'r to rh~

~im llltn nNl U ~ effect of strtl m m ,n", F ,nl;~rs t y l ~ p lay ,n" g~!I ~ r~t~s its o wll rh),t hm , too. You Can
{'as ily",bpt the patt crns fo r (, /8 !o }/1 . Moo! of ! h~
wit h its COOt on thc fi fth suo ng. You can f, nd Vlm aro ons of t h~", palttm.1 for
mot notes on t he (o unh or SIx th stron).;!. OhY'o" , ly
~lCampl ~s u~

t h~ m"r~
a C chord , a

striu6'S In ~
fi ~(;-st ri ll"

c h()fd~
chorcl
wi dl lil(""
cho rd the mol'(" •
patterns you could d..-.' ISC to play them .
Let 's COll tIn ue by try,n,!; some sl,,,hfly
h it more work berore you can do
mor~ n'mpl~ K ti nl!~ r pKk ",g

f h~m
exercises. E:mmpks XI -


XIV t a k l' II. unn) n'l.-.uusly ilff""u.'\(> of thel! syucop:uoo
rhyt h m . Remem ocr to work OUt the th ll m h p3f H"rn firsr and rh~n ti r tilt" o l hl'r nOle~ to Lt .

Ex~ mple XI V is ~ l wo·bar b lu('$ pa Ul'rn In swunJ.; rhyrhm - t:ach ht:a t d ; ~,des Into rill" f('{"1 of


thrtt ral her tha n (wo.



50

• 1
• COl TRACK 2




• II
'" IV

• ,

• , , ,
,
v


VI VII VIII


i~~==~~:=,
, ~~~~

• IX X
••

XI

• 12) I ) 1> '

• f-------c-
,- • ' , • •

• XII
, emajl

XIII

• •
i i

• i~~=:::::l
r i
:=:-~'•:::='=:;:::::=
• XIV

..- ,)
,.•

• i
) I

• r .-


• 51
1 •
Exercise 7 i, a "m pl ~ asc~"di ng fing~rpi (k app llC'<.1 (0 ~ po pul ar c hord ptns,-.,.;s;n" with a
J esc{'miinS baIs -l int". Tht" 611'1 t im .. signaturt' mtan s tWO bc-atS In a bar. f'a("h dl vidlns inlO thrtt: •
12.3, 1 ';6 . Tah ' It slowly a r firsr , t h.. n b Uild s~ and pb ~' ad InCi llitu m um;1 }'OU ,I,'t"r rht" hans
of it. It will fed nTot"t i ro~'(" ,

fi ngecp ie klllg sk ills.


{'.. rl a.n ly. b UI Ih,~ IS 11,.. son of e:ll."OC,S(' t hat really h uillis you r

Exercise 8 also srarrs on A m",or hur '" eh.. lae"r bars moves up the ncr k. NOI' e.... rh .. way
the open B-sn ins ,s ust"<1. In .. .ally t h.. ",>t.., ar.. on asceudlllg order. but from bar rhrtt [har


patt ern is brok.... n up and [ ht" p.[ch ord~, " I......, pr..d l{l ubl~.

CD1 TRACK3


J,... 9(1


'm •


Am 'm •

G



Am Am E/O#


,
.
-r1 ~

-..
rT1 ,..
-..
r-iJ r- iJe

l.J.-' l.J.-'


~
-.L...J '-'-J '-'-J -.L...J
,
• , •
• • , • • • 0 -•
••• •
0
•,
3 Am acld9 Bm

c. F s us2

c.• , ~,



52

• 1
• In exercise 9 a sLrnpk a$Ct'ndln/o; fing.. r-pick is applleti to
numbt-r of m ~·"r.;itlns are ust"<l (Q jOin
3 chnrd S«.ju('n("
up rW I pclS'!'On chonis. 11115 .s rom mon In
In wh Ich a
fo lk p lay ing_

• D/F_ and ClIO ar~ fitst

T he Hm7 fFil and ArnIE "rt' seco nd


invers ions; ttl<- nOI ~ afr~r

InV('fSU.m
th.. forward slas h
(lmld." in wh ich
bouom. Exercise 1 0 also uses sam(' (ommon In versions hu t til(' , j, rt'n" m of picking is
s ,~ n (f) ,~

Ihl'
Ih..
r. (, h of th..
l(,w~1 In

~ hord
p in ho
is at th e

• r('vcrscd , N Or Kt a l ~() that two no tes arc sound .,..'! tog .. th .. r for each g rO\I!' of 'l ll a"t'fs ;11 bars l -.3.
L,k(' 3/4, 618 tLm .. lends itself to up-and-down pa tte rn s like Ihis one. Exercise 11 is anorht"f


common prog res, ,,,,, with" descending h.1SS Imt:, Exercise 12 (ovrr Ih.. pall") IS a sy ncopated
pl C("C With (Ul al r.. rnating th umb piay.og rh(' bass "0[6 (markcJ P). Tht' pmw~sl on i ~ ~,mi la r
to E"'(,K 'SC 7. I.("t t h" Ollt"s r lll8 for ~s lool: as l:JOSs, hl".

• J 98 COl TRACK 4



• I

• CO, TRACK S



• c c
GIB Am GIB GIB 'fA 'mlB

J . ~ 65 COl TRACK 6

• .

~ # 9#

,, ,
, '-3 , , , , , , '-=-

0 0 0
,,0 • •

• ,
:;

• •
~
~

,, , , ,
, ,

o
,,o • ,
• 'm
Dadd91A G'

• L

• 53
1

J - 68
• • , , ~
CD1 TRACK 7
~

~ •

-1\ • •
~

" i I
r r, I
r r
-
i r r i - r _r r
-

,,
,,••
,-I, 1- " , -,- , ,
, , ,, ,
0('
,
i
, , .-(.
,, •, , ,
, -'- •
, , , ,
Am c /C
,,
, , ,
"
,
Am G Dm7/ F , •
J = JO[l
_,1_
J)


r


.,
J = M! CD1 TRACK S

.' •




,
L' Amaj9 •




54


• ALTERED T UNIN(iS
5cnndard tllning _ EADGIIE - is a won derfill (-o mprom i><: that allow" a guirari,t to work in

• many keys, despite its bias (Oward E mi nor. Many acousri ,- guirari\Cts,
new tones by altering this luning. Somc pbyers srumble on alttrt'<i tIlnings by d~b.ul t -
showed thcm how to tune lhe g"itar 'properly' so rhey simply u><:d their
how~ver, hav~ ,~atcheJ

~ar and tun~d


fo r
r" }-( )jj~

the

• strings to an op<"n chord (Richie I [aven> ,md Jon;


tunings consciously
or make ir easie r
!O
~f irch(' ll Silti ng to mind)
cm"bte tlw droning effens of non- Wes t"rn instrum"nts such as th" si tar,
kcep a bass goi ng ~nd improvi><: a mdody-
( ) th~", chase.::! n~w


to to

An altered luning can creare beautiful nt'w chords and s timu l at~ your n~ativity. Th~" e Il~W

IlHlsical territories come at a price, however. First , riwr(" is the funing in and out of t h~ m , with
t h~ aneudallt risk of broken string s and iffy illlonation. Sccond . if you find so me htautiful
• d10rds you had I",uer wri te d ,em down . Rcmcmbt'ring cho rd shnlX's in (c n c!i fftrtnt tunings is
okay if you play t h~ pi",,.,, r~gula rl y, but ' )]]L~ t h~y ,lip from the mind il ca n be a {rusuar ing

• ioh rryinJ.; co rtrall whac thty

SIN(iLE STRIN(i ALTERATION


wer~1

• T he simplesr way co h<:"gin playin)o! arOllnd with new nmings is ,imply


[his boo k I've invenred a funing in which the
E A ell G B E. To do rhi s, fret ell on th~
I) string j, detuIl~d by a
to changt one string. For
s~!!litone

f,fth ,trill/<: at the fou rth fret and lower the olX'n D
to C!", givi ng


\IS

um il [he two art in n ill e (ro g t't hack ro stanclard reverse rio" p n )C~" ) _ T hi, implies all A
dominam nim h chord. l'vt supplied tiJ.;ht (-hord \Chapt, and two sho rr ~xen:i,~, you Can play in
lh is wning . Exercise 13 is a ri ff wirh a hl uesy sw ing rhythm hu t '()m~ unus ual chord" Try
• to kct p tht bass nott st cad y and fit lhe higher pans around it. Exercise 14 i~ ~.mpl ~ upwa rd
pickin/<:_ n,~ idea is to pby it s lowl ~ and let tht strings ring so you can hcar (hc unorr hodox rhord


ton~s ca'L'<ed by t he alt~r~d tutlill/<: . If th~se give you some ne w ideas, you can makt"' up your own.

These chords provide a quick g uide

• EAdGBE CHORDS

o 0
A
0 o 0 0 0 , o 0
to some easy shape s in t he t uning
of EAC#GBE. w hich itse lf makes a
sim ple i"troductio" to altere d


~.

tuning s. having on ly one str i"g -


~ the D - changed from standa rd
tu ning .


• J

• , , 0
" , , am 0 0 , " , ,

• .

-
• .

• ..

•L -
I


• 55
1 •
DROPPED D
Th~ mo"t famous smg k -striu!; altnallun IS known , somt:w ha! n mfusmgly, as 'Jropf"'d It , Mol'(' •
(Ic( ura tely, rht, bo n om E i., 'drop ped ' - (h ~ ( is. tLi " .,J d own a tont' to D . Th is lunin;;
with rock players b..'c('ust< th., ho rrom (h rC'C suing., rnak" a pe wn-chorJ und the l"w
fi ,. bu nchmg oca\ly nffs , Folk playcn like it bo:cau"l' provi drs an o.:la\·"
I~

l)
pup\llar
,s g ooJ
stri ng D w ith •

j( Upi' ll

t~ fou rrh su mg fOI un ulrl' rna( ,ng th u mb It"dmiqu,,_ Th" frt' tung hand " th us fnx to move
whe,,,,,,,, ,I wants on (ht' net-k. This tu n mg prfl\l un .':S m u,-h dt"q'(" sou nJmg s ix-string D and


Om (Chonl> .
In exercise 15 th~ f" urt h and sixth opo.' n stri n.-;s ar" played by the thumb. Abov\' th(',e,
a se rieS of thirds awl f"urths move up anJ d ow11. Th is is on", way of erc"t in,!; an acwmp;lnim cnt
fur a "oice.
T he th umb o nly ah r rnau:s on the hrat ,n tilt- 1118 PlC"t:l' II I e x ercise 16. Abovl', tht' •
fingl'rs [ rt't a s ln~lt'- notl' mdod y ,,11th so mt' d('("ornu~·l' ham mt'r....,ns an.1 puLl -ofIS. Ag-.lln , h ..1
your thumh wu ri:. ng n gin firs! , {ht'n fi r rhl' mdody
tilt' mhn way around .
to tilt' S{"ady puisI' of t h l' bass "" {"S, nO!


J = lJ8
• J J ~ IJ lJ d J .J J
CD1 TRACK 9

.J J •

I I

" (JUr ti rWrW r tir 11 r 11r


,,
, , , , , ". ,
, , ,
rako

""
~,
••• .--,
, ~,
, ,
• '~===
, , •
J •
5--
0
•0 , • --<>-0

D Dmal7 D13 (no3rd)

I
CD 1 TRAC K 10 •



,,"
, - - J -.

, ITl l J h
r - J - -, gliss
h I •
,,
" -
r
.-,
i -
r
-
r r r F •
,,
•0
7 10-7 ,

~

7--5-7---S"'"-::"4- - 2
,

,
' --0 ,
• • •


56

• i
• OPEN G MAJOR
After the ~ "'gl,,-sH"'g alr"r'JClun "'.. havt' Orl<'n fll o mg P!U1 )(, f, wtwrt' rh" srn ngs art' (un(, 1 fO

• m ak.. a sImp l.. mal' " ~ ur m ,nOf (·hord . Each of the- SIX srri nh'S is t uned
'nIt' mOSf pnpub r " 1"..0 m n",); .s ( 1)('0
banJo). Th .. nnr"" of a (i ("hord an '
(i
(0 one of fh l"C(' chord wn('s .
(also one of t he mos! popular ( unmgs for r;,,('-s w ~

n D . Sl an<lanl nm"'g aJIT':I<!y h.1.S t hO$(" I hr('(" nOH'S on


(j

SU IIISS fi'Uf. thl't't' and tw\>, so [he:- Hm ,ng IS creafc<1 by lowering strinh'S SU:, {j~(' an;.! one <Iow n
unul they cornt' en d ... n~J r"'t of those: t h fl!(" nOfes . tnt"" <ll sranct"" is mt"":"l~um.11n st""!Il.rQnc.-s


E A 0 G B E
-2 -2 -2
0 G 0 G B 0


T h., .m mhi.~ rt" p l11("!lcal d ft'< 1 of Ih is Hln in!; i ~ th at ,1 barre p laccJ acn)!;s Ihe lOp r.~e st n n~:'s ,I t
any f.t l w,1 1 cr('a[t"" a rool position m ajor chorJ . The Ihr."" chords nttdt-d for a 12-1...... pru~rt"~ " o!l
and many olher 501\f:'s will be fo und on th e "p"'n .-r rin!{." at the fiftrt and st'v~nth f.t"I" w"h th"

• 1.2[h fret giving 'Ill oetaw h 'g her. Sm >llM harmoni cs are alw availahk ar frtts fivt", !;<"v!.'n and 1 2
by b yi ng" fi n~er ~I C roSS th t" sm nMs rI !{ ht O~'~ r th~ mttal frt l hut nor pllsh, n!,: rh(' m against tht·
{rei board . Strike II I ~ ~trings and Me nd y pull the fin w" away an d you will ht'ar Ih t !,:hosrl y. 1x'1l -

• likr to nes of h"mum ks.


O pe n G "'Jkt'S a vt"ly f"l1 S0l1lld If st rum med. If a h.'lrrt is htl d down variotl s nOft'S 01.11 Ix-
Most accomplished players can
qukkly pick up some refreshing
new melody lines by changing to


adJcJ by the other I' "g,·n;. Th., first t h~ I hord nuxes ht low ind,catt" how ,hiS 's don!.'. Th('
an altered or open tuning, but
t"nmg is JI.", u,,,,d tu r nw,d., drone nmes, a.~ ocraves or s, xths or rh",ls al"(' m(lv(,,1 up t h(' n("("k. finding and remembering new
Try holdll1g duw n eh., second free on [ht" fil"5 t and fOurt h srrinh'"S (an ocean") 1U1d m ove t h" up chord shapes can take a lot more


and down as yuu st ru m al l tht" scron,l:s. work . These chord boxes make ;II

handy compendium of fingerings


<">pt-n r tt n, n~s also kn<l {h('msclv('S (0 sl iJe p lay,ng. Ke It h R,dl:lrds us£'d o]X""n G (,n Roll ing
to get you started in open G . Some
Sl ont'S clasSICS such as 'Brown Sugar' and 'Sran Me Up'. U"" a capo wit h all "I""'n tu ''' n,l: " Y"u even make u seful ' movable chords'

•, w ,sh 10 (" h3~"<, ,ts kc.-y. O]X""n G w" h ~ (""~P" at [ht- third fret hecom .... opt"n lib ma/vr to take you to new positions.

• OPEN G CHORDS

• 0
,"
• 0 • 0
,,,,
0 0 o o o o •
c

Am ad!f4
o

• I,
.~
t


t-- ~ j
--1


• o
o Em"
o 0 0 • •• 0
o
•• • 0
,

• 3fHH--H~


• t~


• 57
1

DADGAD
Ailc[{'J [ lI mn,,~ ocrJ nm ma ke a Slmpk majOr or rn,n<.o< QrlOon cho rd. ' n A DGA £) ' is on" o(t!w •
most popula r ('xampks of a more (um ple-x l u nln,L: . II has
tunmg. In fan, It 'S a Dsus4 chow . DAIXi AD was ,rllro.l u((·d
th.. ea rl)' 1960s b y [)a vey Gr~ h~m, a key (]gul'('" In ,he
m ls lt:adIn~ l y

F.n~l , sh
in f O

folk
btcl"n .-ailed a
t he worl d of fulk g uitar
If has bt-.. n used hy
' m, od~1'

In



5("('0(' .

m any pl~y('rs smcc-, IIlcluJ .ng P' Ctr<, Bcnsusa n, {or whom II '5 now 'Sland ar<l run i";,:', and In

a roc k COntCxt by J Immy Pa~"(" , who uS<'<.! " for 'he m 'J.;h ry 1.("<.1 7KP CPI( ' Kash mir


lIere af{" som e DA DGAD chord 00X:('$ for you 10 strum or fin gt' r-p.rk.
To condmk , exercise 17 IS a ( o m posUl on co mlt... 1 ' Posrn ml To I}(· oys', 3 fun p i....:"
WIt], lots of be nds and J"COr.l(Jv(' h~mm('r-on lpu l1-off figuTl's typlCal of rht" sty le known a.


'("Ik hamqu .. ' It ,hould bt, p layt"d Wit h 0 ~ l lgh tl y sloppy louch. I n kcrpmg with HS hum orous
~ P"'{ t he ,ru m allud~., {" ' J> u rpl~ llau',

DADGAD CHORDS
OS 07 , 'm •

Dmaj1
o 0 0 o 0 o 0 o o , o , 0 o 0
~

c - •
II
---.

'-+'

J no
-, , % J ,J ~~,J" '"
-
~ I

.' If I
f 0
-
-
'( l"
Of
of
-


0

0
,
co

,,
,
"-<-0 ,
,
,
eo ,"
------{9)------i9r-8'----!- o
,= , ,,
0 ,~
0 --0 ,
4-

:1.6,U.a 2


~
I I J >, I,,,,,
-
~ l
r
J
pr
h I "-

l'f

~
--
oU {;U 'l j o~
au
" ,
,,

0
• (9)----1gr-S"'""""'"5- o
, , ,~
, ,
0
•0 ,
""

•.u o,JoO


58

• 1 '.
• ,- J ..., ,..-,
~ J. ~ I
,- J -
......,

~ I
-k -'I jU~: J J~

.' "
-
OF i ~ r "p " r --


,
Hold bend
"Ii
,
,,• , 4-2 0 2 -4 •'" (5 )---14
""" • >--<>- 2 -4 2 0 - 2

- •

• ,• • • •

• J. 1'- - ,-r""I
..
9 1'55

• ,
"
'E, r 1.. ,[[ [j u n
- - -

:=:g~I~~= ~&~ ;=;;


n"

,•,
,~

,
• , ~

,•, 2

3 ---{4 r---3"",
,
,.... , ' -'-
<rO
. --0--0
,• , • • •
• , J. 1'_ J .-:1. r--R

• -
"
'L~
- - -
"t ,rr [1 U ~

if
b,n " ~


2nd time . all

• ",-
,'==l:~' - &l='= ~ • • '-0- '-, 0-0....

• , ,
• • • •
7
>
>-.

• gliss o.s I

• u


• >Ii."

, 12 ~
"

• §§ ~
Nal harm

, ,
j


--"" 14
" -"J\~ J
""
a lempo

"'


• 59
I
THE EXEROSES I
A tempo indICation Hl "oc:u s pe r mln utc' (hpm ) IS ,!.ll Ve- il fur .w:h ""<:I<-j.",,_ W it h a mNn>nOm ..
or d rum machine you ca ll h('a r how (ast II shou ld Ix- p lnye..t Chord Indl("atl on~ ar" g In n be low
d,,, s{~ w . T ht,,;e do nOl l\C(:~ardf app ly to Ihe notcs o f rhl" ( '''(,«"15(" . Th .. y may ht: Im p h..d I
d,ords or chord s for a backm g. 10 he-at Ih(' full lonc -colour of r hest" ("X(·"ist"S .1:("1 a fri.-nd w play
~orJ
d, .. chords fur you , or the-m on Ulpc unJ tocn p lay alon/-:.
I
RHYTHM
ut \ ["'g ill wit h an easy-tO-pJ d)' roc k ligu rc thl t Ius ~n around SlnCC rhe 19SOS and alm'l" •
d ero" .." t h.. word 'lx..-lg.e'. It 's lm porw m to m :'$I('r th iS pbYlfl~ ft'l'"l for all w rts of music YOll
mi.-:h t wan t IE>

d,.. Fl( k _ Latr r try


ta, kl " . I'or exercise
a lt ~rn a [ ..
1 . p luy t., :, stc.,J y
dnwnlup P" k",1'i ti, t :,
rh yth m, at fi rsl w ilh dow nst rokes of
somewh~ 1 difT('rctlt rhythmic (rd . (The

J = 1:/"
, •
_I$.

"
'I ' c~ 1
, , , , , , , -f ~ -~- J J ;! ~ • ~

,
,,
,," , , .-4 . -, • "'- 2- 2 -4- 4 - 2 - 2
0- 0 O -o-o ~
4~==

,

0- 0 - 0 - 0- 0 - 0

" •

, •

• = ' :15 CD1 TRACK11



, , •



l •

62


• 'shuffle' variation of this (Jg ure Ca n '--'" fiJ LUOJ ill th~ 'Blue, ' sh t io " .) T h is popu lar rhyt hm has
powered great rock playi ng from Chmk B~ rry to ()asi~_

• Exercise 2 is a va riat io"


Notice also the chan ge from E
wh~ r" t h~
to
Ilott un tht fr~rr<:,d st ring goes ~ furthtr semiront up .
A com<:" on the last off_hear of bar
har- l in ~,
OlW . Th is syncopiHion _


wit h it, dis t ina ive 'pu ll' across d", is typ ical of rock . Rtnwmocr (0 fry [0 gCI eac h pair
of not", l h" same v()j um~ _
Exercise 3 sho"" ~ ,ub d ~ yet di,tinnive third vuiar ion on rh is the nll', wlwre cwo nores
arc illtmd uced t hat t~ m pora rily "dip'" [h", roo r n or~ in ta(-h har, Syncopation is On((' again
• present on lh" la't ()fI~b.,at.
It is ab o 1"'" ,;1>1" to lJ S~ thi s rhyr hm fi g ll rt in a new way by ru m ing it imo " set of singk

• Il()t~s in-'t~ad of >rri ki ng rwo notes at a time, as in


in bar fo m from h itri ng rhe sixth sui ng (0
exercise 4 , Wa lch om for lhe u;msilion
h itting tile lourth suing.

[
• - G-
,
135

• ,
" , -, ~f ~f , , ~ ~ I ~~- =-4 ~J' p'
" " ~ "'-

• ,"c
,•
,.-<>---,
~~ ~~
, Pol=: , ,
~, ~~
0-----<>


. -----<>----0---0
A D

",~,
• •
,
- -~
~ ~# ,# ~ ~ ~# ,#

• ,
""
,•",
ol ~ ,, ,, ,
• '1- ,
2 ~2 , 2 2 2-2-2


4-------{l-------O---3- 4-

• ~
j = f(XJ

• ,
" ~ ~ ~
,# ~ ~ ~ 1 ~

• •c
•",
, , , , , • ,

• (&Ie)


• ,

D

• 63
••

Ex"rc,s"s 1-4 worl.: w<,11 In rh.. k.. y of A ma ,or. Jill! whar If wt' v.a or to p lay r h ; ~ rh yt hm fi g urt'
in ot h" r h -ys? T ht' ans"" er IS ro wn " t'rr I{ Imo a fl'('((('d fi.!(u r<' Wi th no opcn sr r i ll,l,'S. Don 't worry

i f yo u fi nd th is a bi t o f a SUI'(ch at fi rs!. Drop your t hum b well Ix-hinu the nITk. 1ba. will help
~'ou r frl"Hi nt: ha nd open OUI.
prog= ,on (chords I, IV ~ nJ
Exe rciH 5 sho ws the boosu:' ngun' fo Llo "";ng a common chON
V In B majo r). •
Exercise 6 d isp lays t he sa me .J ro "' E majo r St,ln uIg 011
rht, fi rth or ' h<." Si xt h slrIngs ('nables you to p b y It
til(' fi ft h sm ng. Starrmg on l'itiK't
In any ma jor key. and (0 pItch II high e r or


low... r. Song s lik(' Sral us Quo's 'Paper Plane : Q u('('n's 'N o w I'm I lef{" and Super Furry All1 mals '
'R inp Around Th(' World' fail ure thiS.
To help f Oll mcmonS<.' the p:lttern th il t governs t he- I-IV-V c h~ngcs, Exercise 7 is.ot ll rs rhe
root nOies. Bars 1-2 gi ve the pa tt ern for ~tarti .. g on Ih.. si xt h Slr illg ; IXI "" 5-4 for start ing on t h~

fi fth . Exercise 8 , how.• h()w " flJ;"'al ~f/t-( tS (;1.11 I", had w" h t h IS rh yt hm fjt;U r" by m()vi nt; •
b"tw""n I"" rdated rout outrs. Chord VI on to majO r shou ld he eN min",. not Cil . and th"rt' .s
n" All in th"
T R ~,(s

t h~
k~y of E. wh ,c h '5 who1[ rh('
' Mambo Sun ' from tht,
""pt,("tt'd nutt' , as in ba r fuur.
~ l h\1Il1
t>oo",,, fi),t ll r(' d(·m,o, ls. You can h(,>" th is c h ~ng("'
F.l« r,.,,· lri,rr/(w (1 9 7 1). A fll rr hr r innovari on is ro fi au t"'n
in


w, •


• , •
.",


.!

'I , •
r
,
.. ,

,

B A <1m d
• •
~
4 4

~
-
.


r ...



64

• 2

• J = mr,



• ,,
, A

• .' ~
;/ ~ J
"- '" ,; ,; ,;

• ,
,,"
., -., ", ", , , ", ,-
• ,,-----., ,• ,• ,,
,~

,• <>-<>-<> I"n ", "J.", ==-


• A

• ,

• ~
~
"' ~
~ i " " " "
• ,,"' I--
,• , , ,-
• ,

,~ 1( 1 - -10 - - -10 - - - 1
3 3 10--- 1I t - - -
G c D G c D

• · ,.,,
• I-~ " 1 ;I ;I J-
• • • • " "
• ,
,,• ,, , .----. •• ,•
• ,• ,
,
,• ,,-
, ., "
c\

' -4-4

• ·, ,
• • •
• ,
,"
• I ' " " • " "

• :1--
,, , , ", ,,
,
,,
", .---.
c
,• ,• ,
3 •
3


• 65
L-__~'.~ •
" rda({.j Ve r S101l of the rhythm ligu n' ...'~ h~,,~ h.,.,n playln,l; Q(nl n; on rhe lusher ,temg s and I. •

ba>C<.l on a major triad held by tI... fiN fin}! ... Play exerci se 9 (0 t ry I I In C major.
Exercise 10 IS a variaC"," relatt'd t o F.x('r("OS(' 2 ""h("I'(' ,he fi nt.:e[,!,"OCS u p o lle aJ di u o nal (" 'I .
I bc note you addoo w .,..u;-h chorcl, n F.Xt'rnSI' 9 IS k no"m as I h(' sunh of til(' cho rd . I f we add t h.. •
foun h as w,,11 as t h.. ~;xr h WI; !ott" . he rock rhyt hm figurcJlsp layr:J 111 exercise 11. (Ja N 1-2
lack a

Ihe
rt K,t

root
nott'_ Thl~ I~ ~uAA ..su,,1 on hars 3--1. I. IS l.105s.blc b Ul awkwa rd : th" I,ttl.. finger m lJ.~1
bold down lh .. ilK'! a nd d am p I h.. fi fTh smn,l( In exercise 12 a ['('J.ll ed £lgu rc ad ds th.. f..urth
and t he mnt h to t h .. ha, ;,- ",....-1 Nor,,;",. . ht 1\ ' ho .... 1 10 b.lr
lIot.. is mnel y Ih.. "pro fi fTh SHlng. ThiS fi g u['(' on A IS
t WO has a powerful sound llt'<.a lJ.>;<'
~('ry pop ula r fin t h,s rt'.l." '''L
Exerc ises 9-1 2 wi ll r~m' n<l you of rhr Rolhn" Swncs, Ihc Faces, ml<l l he Bbck e mw.". _ g 'M,d,

tJm~ ",,-k'n'm l!. Thty ~r~ §'nnJe'lrJ ru nJ n~ VCrslOns o ( fio "~s d mt ,,,-~ ur in " p"n tIl n <n,t.:~ (tht'
'C,Htin,l( SU rt ",,!' ~"C '; on deals furt hcf with open G). •

- .

. , •
_. •
c

• a • --"
I ~




G c

,J
v •

.-. c , •
• •




66



• Apart from ,h" A chord in til(' 1(I5( tX(U11p ll". rhe orht'r or",n-strons " horo thu t y,d ds exrellcnt
2 ••

resu l{.~ WIt h d,('St' 4/6, 4f9 shap('s IS G . In exercise 13 bar on(, add s jus t th.. SI x t h , bar twO

• tht' sIxth Jnd I(,urt h, b.:u th ree tht '\lIll h and fourt h. and oor <1 s ho ...'S " common pull ...,ff fill
maki ng g""d u.o;o- Hrth.. tlpt'u ~trI "gs . L.Slcn
It Makt'l' You Hur ry ' by Sh .. ry l Cmw.
to 'John. I' m O nl)' IhnClng' hy DaY ld U,'WIt', m "If

• CD 1 TRACK 'IJ

• •


I








• c A D c

• 1



• G



• 67
, . •



c A

.J 1I4


I
,
G c


I


",
,, -. . •
,
• ! :l ~ 2 ! ~
" .-

0 "
,•" 3
G
>---5-0-0
3 > - -3 3
~
3 3
,
3
,
'm
, ,
--9
, ,.--.,
0-<>-<>
, ~==
9 --0



D



c


Am 8m D

T



• Exercise 14 shows how nt'" d in rs ca n I,., had o r Jo:ivinJ.( t ht"S/.' sh~!x-s a k 5S pr('<ll(l nblc t WiSt ,
2 ••

Bar IwO h;J.s un E "'),on- w" would ""I~'I an F... and har 111('("(' has an F wheft' we would ('xP«'\

• RHYTHM FIFTHS



Man y of tilt'" ab,"",.. t'K ..n: •._

souoo and w [,' rJ ' O:'lo .,l ny


ar.. dom ,"af(~l hy Iffi'

~ m"u m
'nlC"t""j of a perree! fih h (sevt'" wm ' '''I1''~),
from E-B, A-E and D-A. Th .. f""1(.,("[ fift h Isr rur ial 10 rod : g uitar. It has a bare, lough, "!SS<'TlI Vt'
of dI stort ion. You may aln":luy know II u nd. r Iht' !lamt'
commonly uSt..J by T"de Hu" ar'SIS. , h.. ·pow... r {horJ', and It IS ('S.w ll (l al to m..su.' , fo, l
{omprd l" r~' ''''' ,,~k pl ay ,"" . \'(I h, l(' rhl'S<" all' ('mplo~'ru by Ill,my pl..tyHs :;" a "'t'>l1\~ of k .... p"'M

• 1". ..IVy. d"<,,,,\...:1 $Ou nds fro m overwhelmi ng th(' mix _ as <call hapP<' '' wi lh a d "(" n~ fllll-I-.:' II'-
{-hord , for ~x~m l'l (' - II1('y M(, al so surprisi ngly eHut;,-.. 0" amu,W-
Strum ! h lS S('(lllcncc in exercise 15 wi th "['* n-suin).; chords . Th ("n play H liS r. f~ hs , ~ s

• Wrl nt'n 0\1{ N o(i ce t he 1.lJn"· t~IIC"~ . I1v~1I oil an a("(Jus ri c' ).; \li rar , he f1f~hs ro ugh en up t he
I'tOpCSSlon If" s('C(!l1U g Ul t:,. play, full "h<m-k PlaYI"(] at var ious sp('cds, with or wi thout
,bm p mg (to give more ·t li ud") . rh ythm fIfths an;' a surpr is ingly djv~rsc 1001 whICh occ un: in

• roc k, lll ~t 31. l1\ml-.: , new W :IV ~ UIIU il run/i ~ - h ~ard in tht" music of cvrr)'one fmm SounJg,on.icn
m Dc"o. If yOll pby all y (',rrn "f to .. k, yo,, ' 11 find a uS(' for ,hem weiner o r tI ler.


In exercise 16 d~ m p a ll !h~ Strltl/i S on brats two and four. If you use you r IIHk fl ngc r \\)
(OCt , hc lug-hcr of lilt" t"'< , II( 't.._, on ..ach I ~~or It w ill lie flat enou gh \\) SlOp mOSt tlf t ht" '{ ri llS'
sound Ing wl"" " t"t"d..d . Tu d.,m p r h~ 10....1.·. no!c· Jm ! le, ,he SlfJng co me nCf d'e t' ''gl.' rb"ard bot

• kee p r,)ur fir~t fi " g .. r on Ir . Nor l~ ! h(· F'j occu n In bar (our an OCt avC low",r {h~ " III hat t WO.



• c ,

G c


• !:,~~~~~~~~~~~~§§~~~~~
,
- > - -X- X- X- X lI'- -' - -X- X- X- X
. - -. - - X- X- x- x_--',, -_-_C', -_-_-- -','--c''----','--c''---"---', - -, - - X- X- X- X- 3- -' - -X- X- X- X
' - -' - -lI.- X- X- lI. 1- 1- - X- X- lI. - X

• G c c




• 69
2 •
I'ifths Gin fX" fou nd in the same shape 00 all .~tring p.,r, .,x~..,Pt [hm, "nd [wu. Exercise 17 •
shows how U2's !;UU3(JS( Th ... Edge ""gin u .... a tU /l h fift h wnil an opc'fl G--5H1ng , wh 'ch ;s
ch.1.r.JC( c[isu(' of his gUltar piarmg and a sll!n ,finl lU F...: mr <Jf hl~ hand's 501.",,1 in )I;('neral.
Exen::ise 18 glVt'."; t.L~a fifth w.th an opt'" (~ -stfl nl! ,nsl(l.. If. As fOU move' r h... fi fth thl."OJX"fl
G forllls J,lTcrem rdauulldllp" ",,, h th .. mhc-r nut.... , w,th a ffiOOl lr df('("t. •
FIfths on (ou r and rio""" can be m"".,d
with ,he top twO ofX'1l strmgs. N "tKt'
ur an..! d own
[I . .. re.•"n.. n< .. In
on , h.. k.. y of E or F. m inor ro mmbinc
har on.. of exercise 19 when- the re


a re t WO Bs a t til(' same pud l. As yuu m"" .. t h.. r.f[h~ u )' It> I"t tilt- Upt'" stri ngs rmg for as 100)1;
as possIble.
Fl[th~ also mmbin~ IAId l wl l h sIxr h, 1\ $Ix rh IS p rod uced when you m ow r ithcf rhe first


fing n down 3 frH or rht" lInk fi nlwr up a frl'!, as In exercise 20. T h,s is ,m id ea (rC<.ju(mly
""plorfil by Paul Kossoff, rh("" lal("" P " !(l(ISt of Fr('("".
If you inv(·'t a fifth you ge t a fo urth : A-E (a fifth) b.:"t:ur ,, ~~ I! -A (a fourth) . Fourt h, "'mb,n~

w('11 with fifths. I n exercise 21 !()unh.,


bass strings add extra inwrc"t; t1, i~
,'pP<'~ r HI ])m f"ur, but wanh out f,>r th~ way OJ">t'n
(ou ld b., I.! dd l ~ e,,,, limll , M id, ROIl.,on or Cr~~n Day.

J- 10:<
~
l

l oJ
"
~ J


(Let ring)
,,
,,
,•

",
G .m

oJ -I

,,
,,
, 3 , 3 , • , 3 • , 3

I ,•
c
r
'm

o.



G' . Lo c,
"



70



• J - 88

• -0+
.~
I

I
r1 I

• ,
"o
(Let ring)


,
•.--,• ,•
,
,• • , •,
, , -----<>
4-2------1== -----<> ,
12 -12-------9
, n-


, -----O------C>
•,"
10 - - -10

, ,
'm 'm o 'm • 'm c Am 8m

• • iJO

• "
.
#~4 \# # -'~-.I -J
.

# . -<' \# # -.I~-.I -J

• ,•
o
, ,• ,• , , •
• ,•" , •

•'=1'•
A IC~ c
~=m
0 1'
0-


• III
A /C 1 c
~=1',
0----2

010

• F(mC
",
" " I~
,
.,. - "
~

.~8 \,-. ~. -.
• ,

~ ~


0

,•", •, :!~~0 75------5


1 47~~~~-
-- 4
-----<> 0
2 ~~=m S------S-------!i==4 5
3- 3 - 2 2

, E maj 7
' 1' AI' , • Ale; c 0 1'



102

• ;!~~~~~~
"

• ~

, ,
3 5-------5_______=::==
3 3
1
3
1
~
3----{3 r - -3
l ----{H - - -l
~
3
1
3
1
3 3
1
3
1
3
1 1 3-------3

c
3




• 1
• 71

,,
HJ8 •
~
R' • •
,,•
, , , , , • • • • •
,• , 3
G add8

C ~.dd9



E~ .. dd9


A add"

If Y'MI rak .. a fif, " and "(-opy' If<. , hal'.... ()n m rh .. ne-X! ~ rfln~ an add9 fi,l(ur<c ;s ,h.. fl:"'ul r T h..
.;-hords In exercise 22 art' need I.. nr sf",!("h," ;: pmcr " .. an•• 5P'«(' up a 5("(]ll("nn' of fi fths. Tht)' •
31"(' asson arl..J wi th Andy ~u m mCf$. who uS(.. l rh('m on PolK" h Jl ~ l,ke · ..."-ssa!,"t" In A Bonk'

'l b ouSh much gUl IJr-pl .. ymg uS\'S (ull chords, gUIUttlSI ~ shou ld not (oT!,'n 1he h umble m ad. It

Th e chOf'd b lock diagrams below


only l all";

lUSt one CX lfa !lOll'


, hrtt n OlN to Illb J.C':l maJOI' or m inor cho ru 'I hiS bUllus u'l'IT li y 00 th e fif' hs. addmg
but u 's a crucii'! il;.Jdu loo. cha ngmg die mooJ of the ,hord ul'ilmall ca ll y
bc,wITn m ajor :md mmor. Tnad~,ltt' rosy to play Jnd k nd themsdvt'S 10 rhythm pa n s. fil ls. n[fs


o ffe r a n added visual approach to
so m e of t he co ncepts e.plai ned on "nd evcn [("J solos. (In the 'Jni d "'pHr. you w, !! s.:.... h(,w trJ~us ,:on dllow you 10 pby
t his page. Thoug h t he chords in co lI\' illc ill~ jau- styl~ rhyth lll part., w,thout nn-d 'l'o to I~~m c","pllCat~d chord forlll s.)
t hese exerc ise. are written o ut in


Tb~ fr~tt~d Il()t~, of all orJIll Jry J) d,,'rd Ill~kr a [) triad. In exercise 23 that sh ape ,-,
t he notation of each In div id ua l
Ill ClVr<1 up th~ nnk III "(: h,,,<1:11 riff Th ~ ' )I)t' ll 1)· ''''11 1< r~ m a,n~. all ~xalllpir "fa 'p",lal ' not" (a
exa m p le, it m ight help lome readers
not~ whi c h rtlllaillS Illl(' h all..:~d wh,l~ ( hor,b ur m .. I( ~·l y I,nr, .. h "n;t.~ a"'lInd ,[). Th ~ Illal '" tr iad.,
to t ry t he m in t his fo m iUar form
before goi ng on to ex plont t hll
exer<ises f u lly.
form d iff('rell ( rdarions hi ps ","uh ,hal D. Walc h 0\" for ilw opr n ' op Slnng
(J il t' all d ' woo ThiS si mpk hill df(:(: ( ,v\' OJ'I " V.1 Ch 's (1 5(-,1 hy P('fl' Towllsh('n ,1 in many Who SVllp.
:l( (he elld of hars



,...'
•• •• 0 , • 0 • •
Cminf1)
0 ••
o9!no 1rd)
0 •
4 4
~

~
lI
IJ •
.4
fl
I'

L
-
I4


72


• Thcrc at'(' (hI'('(' major (rmd shapes un {he:- f Op t hrtt strings. Exercise 24 shows dwm Ovt'f a
2 •

o po:dal. ('.onlp;!t'\:' th,s p ME: «'silon WI(h 'f ru m mmg I) , C. and G '" full choNs. You ('li n Iwaf

• ." mlJ ar "jr..... l ~ In FOl'US:S · S~ J~ I.l· ( m I ra) and W ishOoot" As h's ' 131{)w;,, ' Fr",,' Th<'re .o re ;llso (hI'('('
m inor (roaa sha pt'~ un the tOp lhrtt . trlllg •.

• • = U4
, - , ---:- --
• "
"~.
-
-
-
• ,
,"
0
,•
1~
,--.
0 -----0
~!!l
0-=-<0)
,,
0

0
, ,
.--,
, , i~~
"! -:::.::::i!0
,,

• ,
O)/D

,
o F(Dm7 )
=

-=- •
o o

• 0)
-
: ~ ie •.

• .----c.,

~
• owo o F(Dm7) A AallS4 A G G sUS4 G

• J
,n"
. - - ~ -- CD1 TRACK M
-
~

• .' ~-
~

- ~- -
-
• ,
,o
o
,• ,
,,,
0
,,,
0
.~
!'"
0
~~~~l
~~~~
,,• ,,•
0
!:;;;;
.'g§
,
0 '''d
-

• o c G o c G







• 73
In exercise 25, no«(;-(" how (he J) Slrm~ moJif'ks t h(' lr sou lld at t..,rta;n p,,;nt.', turn ing tht"


I'll mi nor t riad ofl:mr one IniO a Dmaj7 chord III oor two.
Exercise 26 uses omlor and minor (rlad shapt" a.. d~y ",x u r o n stri ngs two , rhrtt :I n.1 fou r.
ThiS r ,m(' t h... pedal note IS A.
p it k in,!; t{'("hn iq u(' too
M~ rk K rltlpfln of D in, S[f'.u c.., I) a w ",ar;s t whos{' j(ljosyncnJtK
him to uS(' triads jur sHng.' I,k.. 'Su ltans O f SWing' ark l '1..,,-1 y
10 exercise 27. II "'as easy fot III '" w('/1<"_ m ud. lk<:a u.... h .. was pluckmg rhe suings wit h
h is t humh , index fingc r and ffiuJJ lc fingu [lilly. TIII~ [.m.. r hr ft' I) no pt"<laJ no[('.
\'(' m t"r', as •

CD1 TRA(K 15


,
" •
F:m DmaJ7 GmlD CmID



I Am 0 9 l no lrd) GmID 8miD •
!XJ •


OfA

,
~ ~ •
" <I <I J <I I <1<1 ' <1<1 <I <I <I <I
**

F~m/A .'lno 3.d) 8 mf. •

A At(no3 .d) 8 m/A A


74


• 2
• • " I:JO



• c , B, Om c c , B~ Gm Om C

• ~-b-
~ n , gliu I
~ •

• ,
"

. .. ,, ,,, ,
I

,,, r;
V

..,0-,.., ,
• ,,•
,, •• ,0-,,
,
,,
,
lc.;: ~~ ~=
-~- ,,• :!==


C B, C B, , C G

• FOUR·NOTE atORDS
SomCWl"I('S I( 'S nOI n('("C'Ssa ry t o ,ndU<l., Ih .. lowe, stri ngs. \'("ilh a st rong bass l'n(' It cun

• Ix- suffi Clcnt for the gUlIa< [0 play chom s o n t h", top
Two PnncC'S' IS;I
tou r strings on ly. The Spill
finC' Cl<ampl('. A well-known P"P and "nul rrturd ms: trl(k IS
'stub' g Ul t.tr chorJ on oollS I wo an, l (ou r, as in exercise 2 8 . A bri g ht, d (C.t n
Donors'
to

(Olle IS
PUI a
use<1

• ~nd Ih.' chord IS un rn('d o:u cly fo llow ..... ] hy


dr um . Listen to
;I <.-:II. T h" {-hmd will "(tt'll

m" ny 1960s !.Out =-or<l5. ("SpeCIa lly from Mmnwn. wh.,.t' the IlIg h Slab
SIt wl l h t he sn3rc


gU!lar wa.~ oft en pl,'yC'd by j oc M eSSIna on a Tt" lec3St(".

H~ ------------- --- -------- - ------------------------ --- ----- - - ,


W/5
• , M. ~
~

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• 75





0"., of tht" m ch of p rofessional so n~-t"t:.111gill~ i ~ \() know wh.,,, you don 't n~M to rhan);t a •
(hord hu t nUl le i the bass gui! .• , J o th~ work. ThO' C -Cs u ~4

oars 1-3 in exercise 29, yet tlw d""d" Wmt.,u bd"w dlan,,<'. To h ~ar tht "fft", r t ither get
S0 mt~n ('
.- han.!!" stays thee

to p lay the root notes ofG, E m; " " t, A nH um ari d C , or play rhos", (-hords on );wtar or
sa m ~ throughout


ktyho.1.rd while you play th e wrjtll'II pJrt . Th ~ dam" ,,,,, n ~ll notts (- han!<(' tht harmonic valuc
of ,h{' wtinell G-G.ud change <OH IO th .. ug h a ,tays t h.. 'am,, >W It sou nds d, ffe rt'nr in each har.

RIFFS
A n IT IS a mCllorab l(· p h,...."" "f tlt't,,·.... " <onO' nrul full r 001"$. In rQ(k It often focuSC'S much of (he


cnergy of the song, and ;, gtn~1"'41 l y ' ''I'"'ar.. d as n ("('mraJ "hook ' oil he gU Ilar p;lrt . RIffs occur Ul
almost all guitar m LL"," fmm 19')0s rock 'n'roll lO con wmporory n u - me(~1. and III ot her g""""s
I,k., ""gg:u: , soul, hlu .., and /Olk ; Ilwy 'l'(' Ihe bUlldm~ blocks of cou ntless pop and It"-k gUI tar
paru. It ,['& an- 'lulck
g(M>d on"" al r..ady.
10 wnle and

Ma ny riffs 3rt" ,k nv{'<.1 (rom t h"


l~m,

s~m,'
an,1~ r""at ru n lO pl ~y _ and ~ ha"n.,. ar., you know a ft-w

sca ll'S u ..... d Ii" It .... k and hi m" I.,ad. Uars on., an.-[ t wo •
of exercise 30 asce nd E
r; A U J). Bars r h r("~
["'1lI310nIC m lllor, ' PCIIt;l Wnl< ' m.,.~"s fj~..,
and four provIde Ihe IllY II sdJ. uSl1lg t h~
n o t t's _ in t hIS

[" we I .",..", "f t hl' scale.


c •.,~ , E



b)' addin;,:: ont nOlo.' fO Ihe prev.ous jX nWtOiIi C sc-~ k - B:. - we ~ .. t t h.. E h lu t>S S('al~. 35 u\.(O<i
'" exel"cise 31 This exIra note is cal Jt:oJ a f1att~ lI ..d fift h and It I, Im portant for irs ,]i~nan{{" :
It sou nds ffi(';ln. lb,s nOle aJl()w~ a riff with < rt""r!!l~ ",m ,con.. mov",m("nr .


EIE m inor arc popula r k.,y' (,,, t ht" li Ultar h.,, :lIIs<:, . h", srnn).;> art' natu rall), biased toward E.
II owe-'cr. a pentatonic ",-a l~ (ai, ht" play .. d from any nOI(' , S",Cl' (hc s('cond lowesl open suing IS
A, A pelltatoniL minor ( A c: J) E (~) is nlso j>Ol'\linr. Exercise 32 is a riff on thm scale. Wmch
o ul t,,, th., pow.. rfi.i
uars rhr"", and fiJUf.
AS c hord in hitrs ( wo ,md four, ~!\d th .... fhu.,llt"<l fifth (~) that ap['t'ur.' 111

Fifth, a rr IXlp u lar for "f($ . In exe rcise 33 dl" !l{t hs ~re str~nild''' II..d by tlt~ op"" A and •
E , m "gs. You can It"ar th,s in rock h,nds I,k" 11-"0 Liuy ,lnd Iron Ma.dcn.






76



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• 77
, . ~ •
I Exercise 34 is a ,jff that lJ'~.' fift h" t(lUrtns ( th ~ pain; of ro ot." h~ r" with the same fret
n u m f-x,r) amJ ()(·taw's (har, two and four). Tht' riff s~q\l~nc~ in e xe rcise 35 """ t'mnhs . •
Fourrhs han' rh(' ;' o w n fl avour. They a rt Its , stahle than fifths !->t-rause t he
tht lower of th e two. Ri rc hi{' Blackmo'(' usc'a fourr hs for many
Tronsf~ rrcd ro [11(' suing s,
ri M) t

l ~k t'p Purpl~
note L., no I()ng~r
and Kainbow riff,
in exercise 36, fourrhs Ix,comt' It's> heavy rock and •

lOp (WO llS

more new waw. The ir slightly 'oricntn l" color WaS ('''pioit("<i by Teitvision on Al "r'll</~ Al li.m, and
ln Win gs' 'Band O n The Run '. Meanwhile , hands like 1.K<i 7"'PI)<:'lin have for,l;~d mt'm()tabl~

rock son gs from riffs huilr on ocraws, nor unlike rhost in e xercise 3 7 . Th is tYr'" of riff is
{'sptxially effc<::tiv{' when the gui,,,r and bass are togerhtr on tht" ri ff. lktavt' riffs ran also mak~ •
a good <l(c-ompanimclll during" verse structu re, as in exercise 3 8 . Bars 1-4 ftaturt aha,;,


figul'(' of an octave {hat fillls to the flattened seventh tlnd (hen tlw fifth . In bars '5-8 a variation
introduces the Ilmt enuJ fifth note p reviously featured . Iiel"(", it 's the e" in bars five and six.

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D



Kiffi can ..."" sing le notes ""('( a ,xxi,,] no{(', ~ s
Dr a n Of""" ~ t r ing_
In exercise 39. Th" pt'dai nOl C is 'Hlppl,{~1
J \" ,.., o ve r 0 IS a scn k k nown as rh," <M ,xQl yd,an mod,,' , You can (cad more •
ahout rhls mod<: lat" , in the chaplt: r. lt J,{fc-rs from th(' D ma lor Kl\1l" ( I) E 1'/1 C; ABe l) merely
in havin./: , h" so"v.. m h nfJt .. fl a tl ~nt'd 10 C. TIllS effcct
S'ln("luary' a nd ILF..r.L 's ·C r.,.." l.mw T I.... R ushcs',
IS tearu « "j o n The C u lt 's 'She Sells

Exercise 40 IS a similar prda] ri ff, thiS
il . Rock m USK favou .- I h" sus4 cho rd lx-c:J.uS('
lillie USII\f A and ha" 'o,t.t "" '0 "O[("S at a li me ", Ix)\'('
of lIS {enSIon (l: rt"3.1 fOr huilding dram a) and liS
n" " mllly_ l.ik ~ fi ft hs and filO n hs, d 'e $uspcnJ oo fou u h chord , t"xp lorrd on exercise 41 . IS •
nt"i rher ma jor nor mi n" ,. Th;, ri ff
{hang("~.
t~ k.'~ a t rl~dl( form and mon"s it d own t hmug h sm all
Sus4 {hord, (.,arurt 't m n"l), "1 I h,' W ho's 'P mbru l W il.anL T. Rt"X\ 'Cadillac' , Arg{"nt 's


'Hold Your H ead Up ', and J oh n Lt>n nun '~ ' I1~ PP}' X m<ls (War Is Ov.,,)' T ht, b., ..ds III
exercise 42 tWO srro n~s Iwnt , t>).:.,tI,.,r - w~ r.. ts tabll~ htd in rock gU llar hy Chwk Il .. ,ry
anJ have OCcn LlS<'J by man)' orh('r p lny.. rs tvt . SilK., Th~y .. t~ vl'rr tffeniv.: a( Inst("' ' t mpos, '"
in Motorh{"ad's 'A ce O[ Spadn'.
No I( M,k m rifts woulJ Ix compic l(' wlth o\l t rh"
.cal~ and explored here III exercise 43 , whl('h " , I,,,d}' rdatl'd
1 -.~ - 5 -6 fiilur~, '" call.,d aft.:r dle notes of th e
to the rock 'n'wll rhythm •
pan, you pbyed in exercises 1-1\. Exercise 44 ,. ,. <h ilh tly
,omt'r h ing similar on Rn}' Or biso n's ' Pr~(!y W vrn" n ', rh"ul( h
dt'mrat~J

!Il
version. You Can h..ar
th ar ",o llg Ihe riff Slays on F. .

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CD1 TRACK 16



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2

Th(" t("t01 'chroma u c' ,.,f"", w th .. u .... of .. xrrn nO fl'S (h~{ do not belong to t il .. h~, as
("m plorru in exercise 45 . (:hmma " ,- r.ffs haV(' an de-me-fit of su rpnoc about t h"m , Th,, ~ OIn •
'>Qu nJ 'jauy ' -a.~ ,n P m " Floyo ', ' Mon",y' or rownr,J lhe- e-oJ of I k ndnx 's ' 1 It'), J''''' - f l t sin isr.."
as III Led up's 'DaZtl! And (;On I\ISI,,1" I.ook (or a
f[(,H illg fing ""'.
fin~e-r lUg dMt will ma" " u'" of all YOllr

USING INTERVALS
, h~, ust- s .,!:n.fi(ll.ll t ,n t("rval s. I n a rndJur ...::al" tt..- im" rval, art'


AlrruJy w("' v(" played und,;r,
major SCCtlud (C-D). majnr ' h ",1 (C- F), l'('rft,(1 fourt h (C-F), pcrkct fofd, (C r.). major Si nh (C-
A), rn~)or St'v"nrh (C_ B) and I't' rft"(f oem\"!;, (C-t.) . We I..."" S<'t.1I ho .... fourth, and fifths a,~ ust"<1
In rhy t h m s and ri ffs . Stocon.]s and scv("nths HC not h,,'mOnl"u.~ "nnu)!h hI[ (onst"(Ur"T p laym~ ,
bU I ()na~'''s OIn th ic ke n a melody or mdo..hc pllr:"", '" H " ndrlx did m 'Th ",] Srone From The •
Su n ' For exercise 46 uSC a pICk and yuur middle fin~" r, or damp any strmgs in between and
just us(" a pick, Octaves lend th",,,,.. lv .., W , I,d,n,; "I' or down, Exen:ise 47 givts yOll a
chanc(' '0 praClICe a 16th_n" t" ' I,"m .,f 'dHmlit..:!' "Haws. II.I \H(" all (ollr of Ihe other sttl ng'
your flTtrin;.; hand , thell S\tUIll up Jnd down III ';"l\I PS of four with tll(' first o[ eaeh g roup
acct"n r,~I. \'(fhen )-'ou get cnmfot{abl" With th" YOll m n fry ( Url ,n,!: QUt some of t he [reltro 1611",

By nluring more of t hem In tilt" l",r you (an }-l .. n~mf\· f\ln k rhythms . There IS a him <If t hiS In
wan

I
th(· lasr har. T hcf("s m o re m ur mg P"d, ( Ht" flit ( "0( t.W~ nffs Ifl exercise 48 _ but listen for Ih~
~lremd inter.'ali III t he la<;{ bar
(k t avcs arc cruc ial W Ihl' ".. und of a I l - <rnnj.l j.lll ilM. BUI "' h~1 If ~ou don 't OW II a 11--s{rm,l;'
I
Wd l. exercise 49 show, a way flf j.l.. nemll n;.; a 12.strln;.; drC'C1 on a SIX-'l fIIl,!;_ It rt"<lui,,,,
som e nImble fo ..,I;"r-......,k In hQ,h hands h UI I\ 'S ~ ~alllable tCdllllqUl' , alld a /o( tt"a( , k ,1l hudd", I
III Itsdf U", a pick anti a fin~"("1 and let st rJllgs rmg as I"ng a, )'f)U « In


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• 83
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J 100 8>"-- ___________ ___ ________ ___ ________________________ __ ____ , •


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84

• 2 ••

• THIRDS AND SIXTHS


Th£.' oniy use ful onl(,'tvnls WI: h~"('n ', (Qu r h(..J un yet are ,!l"x-is and sI xth". Until havt' maju' alld

• m mor forms. A m:J ,or thlrJ IS four S<'mIWIlCS (C -E); a m ' oor thu'd ;s . hrt't" (C-I:'). A ma l'" ." xl io
's IU IiC (C-A); ~

Exe rcise 50 shows a


mlllor SIxth IS {"g Ill (C-Aj, ).
~"('I\C'(' of t hirds ;n D major on , he rol' . vm srron).;s. All , h.. n"t..,

• on Ih (' t OP Stflo!: shou ld be


or (he t h,rd. The fi rs!
£l n~"('rcJ

fi n~('r
Wllh Irn- firs. fi oh't"r; ,hoM, ondem«l. h art' {" •• hoot rh.. ..... ~,Ild
3( IS as a g UI de when you sh Ift l'lOSIr'on. T h.. k.. y ""u· In' d ...


SCtj uC'oc(' ,s on t he S«"on;J sl nnt: at Ihe SIar{ lng p05' l lo n . If YOll wa nt [Q 'I'<I nsl" "'" rh.s [I) uI>4 '1: h .. ,
m:J ,or k('y. localc t he n('w key 00\.... on Ih ... st"<:ond SITing an'] pl,'y rht' §,'lm .. so-qu(" n{ t' frum [I . .. , ..

Exercise 51 IS t il . . C\j Ul wiC'1'II S<'1.;Juc[l{ r trI A malor on . he S<'Cond and fllln i $uo nJ.;S T h ..


gUl d .. fi nger ;, t hl' :<t'\~.,nd, willch pl~ ys all the notes on thc lowcr smnl' ; thc s('(:Qn.! SH mg norts
arl' ~I ( ll n fi..,,1 or S<'("O lfid fmo"r. If IllLS w" r" pl.,ytd from tlll' sc"cmh frcI you would h~" e rhl'
samt not ~s a~ In ~x~r, 1St" 50.

• Th irds h,w I' ~ SW("t" I('nm;; (,ffto , and "an


·B rown - F.rt'! G, rt · ~ nd Th(· Smor hs'
he, H~&l

'T h l ~ Ch~rmin"

slmuimn("Qu. ly or Onl' afn·r rhl' u rh"r, a~ e xe rc:ise 52 ~hows.


fo r g u itar f d l, and
Man' \"~ [h"m. TIl"y
j,,~d ,ulo.• . VJIl ]\1,)rri.'(!J)·.\
(~n lit" pJuytd ~ Idl<' r

• R ~ m(' mlx' r: dw h~r m o n, ( vnlu(' uf n o t~~ d<:"ptnds o n th" u nd~rlyi nJ.: harm ony. ChJng~ til<'
harmon y and YOll (,ff('Cll vely ( h" n,l;(' th(' not(·~ tv(" n if t h"y stay sti ll. Exercise 53 ha. a IW1l-


bar ph raiK' III {hlrds. F.a("h {,me rh(' chon ! chan,l(<:"S It wi lt ~Jnd d,ff",.. nr. Try 1..,nl"'U'lIg tlu.
n ff lhrou~h anOl he r four b.us I wo h.'u·s each (If:a in.f th .. und .. rIYln,l; chords F and C - IU h .. ~ r
lh,<; eiT('(:1 even further.
Exercise 54 ,s ;J. sNjuence of SIXl h<; 1fI G major on ( he firs( an,1 rh ml s rn n,l;S "'II rh ..
• n(,11'S on the dUN sl rlllg should ~ flngered w,th the s('(:ond fint;e r; rho5(" a nov .. ~I"l;' l'lr hl'r rhl'
fir.. . o r th .. t hird T il .. k"y nm" fur th~ ~~'1Ul ,,(e .s on the first sI ring at I he Slanmg pos," on .

• Ti ) l ",n~I')(_ rillS to anmhl'r mUJ"r k.,y .~ lfnpl y find the new key note on the first stt ,n~ ~nd
pl3y I h., sam ...... q u ..,,(., frum t h"rl'
Exercise 55 I ~ thl' rq u,,,,, I.. nt ,,",q...,n~ .. on D maj" r " n Ill.. ,....,ond Jnd fourth SIrUlgS. Th~

• ,I;<l ld .. fins .. r " thl' 't't nn(l wh ... h p l.. )·s all d.., nut~"' on III~ low~, ~Inn~ ; the S(",ond s, rmj:: notC'S
ar~ .. " h.. r fi n;t o r th Ird fi nJ.:~ r If t h,s ",·.,r., plaYN from I h~ "'g hth f,..,t you would h~~e I h.... sam e


nuttS as ,n t'Xt' r("ISt' 54 . Slxl hs af~ al .." usa! fnr f,ll .. and I.,...d ""I,.. , I houg h tho:y d on 't sound "s
swt"t" t ~s rh ,', ls. Sou l "u l mn~t ~ r"\'r <:roppr,,, ,,,nownN fi'f Ill' u.", " f . . xth. nn rnJ ll y 1Y6\)s
r'ot: o rd onl'~ I,k" 'Sou l M ... n ' ... nd ' [)<)(" k o f Th e lI ay'




•L r



• 85
, . •
In exercise 56 th .. aJd,uo" of a ("<!upl~ of c hroma!O( Sixth . em u b tes Cropper 's slinky f..., L •
T h ,s IS Y'" mooc h.., {", hn,'l Ut' . ha. ("Iln /:N: Slm pk to rn.J.S ICf, bl.ll has an ..",nem .,! )' "ffeniv..,
mcl(x.llc f""l wIt h a Im l ....",I'll hl uesy ).:roovc to It t OO _ a nd II usuall y YIelds p'~,,{ iv .. .....s ul ts
wi...." em p loytxl rastr-fi,lI y.
Somt-tlmes in " riff SI n h. mak(' n «' fl'('shmg (tt.. n~..... fmlll (j ft h, or /l,u rc h,_ In exercise 57 •
t he 0 G I'
" D
l)

pt'Ill.lWII K
chang .. (Uu ld h~ve been dont' With cldk' r _ but h" .... " "
m m o. sjn.lol l.. - nor~ p hmse.
In slxrfL•• u,mh lnrt! worh



Exercise 58 /;lv<"_, US" look Il ' som(' rh,rds com bnltd WIth a n opt''' G-su ing.
CI.. vt-r rill"':" "fh y ma kt'S II po~s, blc to p ut til<:' ()IX!} B Strl llg III th.. m ,ddl .. of a run of SInh,
m exercise 59. Tak mJ: 11 as the key nOh' , It IS (>I1 ly 1It"C ..,,,,,,ry w Ilnti a ru n of sinh. In B


major. Anoy Sum m('fS used die l('(hlllqu~ III I! 11lI nm ", T h~ 1'011(",\ 'B.ing O n The Ni~ h l ' ,

wh",.t ~;xths In E nll nor str~ddle tI, ~ opt'" Co ,tr 'tI~ (rh(' m, dd le:- not~ of an E mmor {hord),
men C:l ch of lhr,"': ~ pp r()"d,~" to) _" x rhs, ,h (' n St'l' ,f you can mn ke up a fcw in tlll'SC keys ~ "d
others. Usc tlWIIl

THE 'JANCLE' STYLE


to ,'p"~ up Y"l" . d"fs and nm('s w he.e ~ppropriall'.


Thc !:oSI tw O t:xerc;,e, ~ .e .t"mm, ,,·~n, of ~ pOI'\oIu r sl yle whi ch Iu s OCcom t: ku{)wll a, 'jang l., ' It
is a5'>OC iawJ with tht" 12·.m n.L( ",und of The Bytd s' ROt,'N McGuin n , Pt:tt:, Buck 's play; ,,!> w,th
R .E.M. in t ht: 191">0 .• , Johnn y Marr s work wHh Th(' Smiths. and
1')9(1s. Th., L.a\ 'Th .. 1'<;" Sht" (;(l('$ ' 'S " SIII"<',b (',,"ull p l( .
m an ~' ·j "d j.,' baud .• {)f ,no, •
I
J angl., " a .-1ffi n, sh ,mmery, n ng Jllg l:u lt a, Ic' );I U,(' , a,ded hy , m tam mg dti:-n s I;k",


nunpre....,,,IO, chorl.'s, ",00 an<1 Il'verb. anJ IlccJ Ulg Ul ... m UIl apP""a" h to ch"m shapes and pICk ,ng.
Jang l", J.:ulrar n"<] t" l"('~ open st r ings 1(0 nug (oUI l)o('t wttn , han}(t'5 . w h ll", chonls art' Hl m .....1 IntO
arp(·J.:J.!;IOS. ,11(" 5lrJll!,;s pJCke<.t 00< at ~ [1m"" a, ryp,fi.,.-l by exercise 60. T h(" shJtxs C:l n Ix-
slm p k but (tK- ("lid ITSu lt pkd.~ "'g f" II,,,, ~J ' an.-! u t l'<;" m",l y ("fi("Cll v(" In I h(" roSh l (ODl n ;( .

I
J n" Ii"'- - - - - - - - - - ~ - - ~ - -- ~ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ____________ __ _______ _

"'" •

• •

c

(H"' )- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ____________ __ ______ •



D D c • c Um Am D




86


• J = to2
I ~ I , ~

• .~
-
=1"
e
=!1=
- . \0/- 9*_

• ,
"cc
,•
, ,
,----. ,•
,
,
,
,,, , , , , ,
,
,
,
,
,
, ~ , , , -,-


H

D G , D G c D

• .
J _ 112
, ~ ~
~
~


~

,J I e I I e I I

- ,- I' -~~. -
• ,
"
,","
,,
0 ~=i~l ,
0
0 o3 ~ !~~
0
,,
0 o ,
10--8
12 1 0~~ !&~
3 (3 )--5

• ,
G c G Am D

• 120

• Cr r • * r • *

• ,
,~

, , , ,
,, ,,
• C."
,",
,
,
0
, 0
, 0 •

• . ~ ~4 , 0
-3~

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• 'I 'I
1.
(1)1 TRACK18


J = I :J()
• ...., ...., ~
...,


~

"
, 0-

, , , , , , , ,
• "c. --<0' 0 0 0

•," ,
, , G

• 0/--


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0
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• 87
In t h., .,arly p laym}ol of Pt tt r Buc k ,h('f(' IS of,,' n a 1.jUJ~k pl(k ultj ,,( [ ht ,-ho rd to ,;ivt' dnv{" and •
m<>{ ,o n W ol h.. rw lst" fui rlr ~ l mJ>k progf('ssiol\ ~, ~ "d d lJ I \ I h.. way 10 "-j'pruru;-h exerc:ise 61 .
Makt ,;00<1 ust" of up and d own j>Kk st rok,-s:.L~ Y" U WtJ Vt amlJn}ol tnt- srr;o.l;s. N m K{" In oo r dl l"ff'
t h., 'harp · ..ri :er of h~ v lng t hr.'{" nm,." "'6(11 a I'm., llP" rt al l ~)tln. l m.l; a' oncc. 11(';)[ Buck 's p ngl.,
m sn" )o;s such as 'RadIo Free [ U[(IPC' frum til., al bum ,\Im'mlT an.1 'u ood Ad "- IIT5 ' from F.,hlti 01 •
T he /?'1!';QHJrrnal0 R

Exercise 62 demonst ra tc'S anotll<"r (II ti ll"", '"".,av"'l1· P" k mll pa ttt'rns. Wll h 3 h~rp elTen
Ifl ha r «)I't. Not ice , he 1m rcwclun loll .)f th .. "p"u L Itlm th., I), h,*' In 00r-s one and IWO, 311d the

ho llow r m~ of the ASU52
("a n for tht' full elTen .
In b~r St" Ol T" k ~ (" r~ I hal :111 r h~ norn In oor SI X ling as long as they


In exercise 63 chord ,h"pt'., a r~ d.. VI .... d a""ay from firs t poS tllOn so th,,, open sttmg., ,-a n
com bine with h ig h.,,- l r.,n .,d no(~' . ThIS offt' rs a p l t".ISI "'~ cont r~S t
p hr:I S(·s so " 1'1.,,, h .. ard _
to till' l"w.,t- p""Jl II )Il jan~ l ..

C01 TRACK 19 •


D'" DI{"" 3rd)

J J:.!() CDt TRACK 20


(LeI ring)

o

D OfFI A • ."

.' •

D OfF . Em •



88

• 2
~."~--------------

• ARPEGCIOS
Tht' ,an;l(l" slyl" pluys , hI' nOlCS of a ( hor.1 00(' aft", rh" m hrr If> !,"CoC't,l((> lin ''''l"'o(',I;;I('' ''-

• A'I'I',I;Io\IOS art: filUnd dst'wheri' III roc k a.nd pop gUl m r. T h~y art' nuu~J III .\OIl~~ such as Crt"am 's
'HBdf.:(·', T ht n""rlc., ·· Hnt' C:""ws T he Suo' 1l.rl<1 "
and Th" J am '~ ' W hen You' ,,, y(ju ,,~ ·.
Want You', Ikbop r"' luxt 's ',Maldln H''';1vrn'

• Th(, fil! ur,,~ on exercise 64 ,,"ploil th e sli gh .l y murky t()n~ of luw d"rd s on Ill<: gui 'a,.
I \ry~n "d.,m~ '" ' j{W I To You' and Nirv~tna 's 'CoOl(" As You Ar,, ' d" like w lsl', In exercise 65


moS! vf lh .. a'l"'li/:;lO" art' oosed on ~ trill d, bur ward, f' lr tht' C: il rn 7 '" l>~r stv('n .


,w
, TJ I J -, TJ I
.I- •

• ,
,o•
~

,, ,, , , , ,, , , 0

.-

3-{3)

• f-:--s
0

,• , , , 0

G ..... j 1/ 13


o add9 8m add4 Em ad d9

, ,...
• "
,. • ~ . •• ... "
• ~ . .. ~. ~

• ,
,•
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0
, 2 • 2
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,
, ,----. , , , , • ',. . 7---=--
0


' 3- 1--:-2

D c G
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"

• J=








• 89
In exercise 66 a ( om m Ofl S('<j uerKe m o v lnJ.( from C do wn to Co " l ran,for m{>l b)' lIll u ....· 01


arpq:g" " , T hIS m,~h \ m,Ike d ,ultabl~ nmd oS lon 10 a d ,mu, of a "'h"I" SOil>:.
A'I"'J.(;I; '''' (an ~ I so be indud ",1 in a )( lll mr solo. Mall y " flh., trail
I" A n", f>t')l:in wl(h " 'I " jng Ml"')i:)(io_ Thl' (r l ~J i" ha r f;>llr o t
wl ()~

exercise 67 "
011 D Lre Straits '

"rJ h '- th .. nores ar. nm 'I nltk "Iwx t thcr hut rr;'ll")Jl.l ll y Olle afrr r r h~ Olhcr, ell hu by pu, h," ;;
IjfiJlb,~,

play~d w 'lh ~

Ih .. PI( k r hrou)(h d ie Mrlllg_', '" 'm l hn,l( " Ih.- n Oll' S wIt h d", pI ck ~n. 1 (w o {i n~tr~ .


.
= 105

'. -; . •
'


, •
'm 'I'

0 1' Am G OlD Arnie GIS

, , un G
.' ..
r ~ 1. ~-~U .- •
~ I--
• , •
1, r-

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-=

=H
,
o

• rc ~-;.
-r
Am

~ -

L
'm
. ~-;.
D

r-,
.- •

,••

, = ,~.
•- , ,~

,,
, -
Hn----<
,-,
, ,----< , •
, ,

0--<"

7--{l')---5
-.:-' ,~

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90

• 2
• LEAD GUITAR
PIa Y Ifl~ kru.1 ~Ulrn r ("om l'el ~n r ly .s a matt", "f l",.. ruing a small num ber of SOlI("S nod :>("al ..

• p:1l h"(tl$; mas l ('r l~ , he al l of ht-n.I, n,l: and [,,(I-han d tKlmi'-ju...s like ~, bm(o, h.1m m cr lfl,l:-on ,
pull.ng-off HI" I slides: ;\nd gmd uaJiy fi nd In); om which not"" work .Wet any ,!:I~('n chord


SftjU('n(\" .

BENDS


Exercise 68 {('1l w rcs fou r of rh(' common",,! }",nd" " n .. pt'r bar, arr~ lIg.'J on or.it-r of ,he,r fiSt'

In pitch. (P layers d o OCCl\S lonally Ix-ncl furrh",. than th rtt se m][(",,,,, _ bu t sl rm,!: brcako.g~ IS
always a risk!) In ~~c h bot you flrst p lay Ihl." rar,l:('1 notr hy f,H t; nx il ; til"" you IxnJ t he p rev Ious

• nu, .. up . Th" 'rmmt," y,)u r ca r C'ach lIme


~)"- .. p t " '" " ,h .. fll,allju~rt .. r-m ll e
j,() YOli Can I'SI",fl fu r wht' .. y" u', .. '" tunc . T he
ocnJ wlu ch is ,l(t lln!! y a fran ion lown t han th ..
on the fi rSI hr,\( In Ex.6H rh" [,.,nd s a ~ all done with the thirJ fi ng er, WIth t h~ rotH
(~ yo u play
"nd ' Kond

• on the sam(' st "n!.; ht<hmd If. Th"


thum b on t h~

execu(e on aCOOSI '( ),( Olla, Ih ~ n on


m ~all S

ra p (, 1),((, of rhl' nK'k ro ;I(" t


~ btr,,·,
you cm push with all three: . Try "I!;(I havln,l( Y""'
m " r~ !;flp .
but many skilled
B~IIJs art umjo ll bted ly mo r(' ,hffinli . ' 0
pb~'ers st Ili m~k(' !.;oo<l ll S~ of

• them, and Ih ~y nft' nn


Exercise 69 d lSl'lnys n
~tTK' '' v" r~,hn"I"~ in man y styk •.
~m)o( I Ie hle",l WIth two lIot~S above Jl that w,lI g("n('mlt' ('I r h~r a


ma ior o r a mltlor chord d('I'l'ndltl~ () n how fM you p",h the bend, IIold the top ( WO nort'1' d ow n
with u litt le fi of,'<'r barre , n.nd N: nd ""th th.. thIrd fi n,!: .. r WIth fi rst and S('('ond SlIp po , ,,n/!
belulld It, You ('~n also ('19y Ihls p rQ).:f't'ss ion hI tti ng all th., nu["" a[ OnCe (o r a shgln ly ~[, fTercnr


{ttl. T he note on th(" tOp Strlllg IS you r root 00'(', Selen th., mm nm., (Uf tI .... chord you wam on
[ h.. top ~t n n8 , t hen bend a S('nll tone or a (One (0 p rudlK.. th .. m In", '" maJ'" ~horJ .-.n t h.a t 00(1'

• J
H""- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ,
7[;

• "
"
• ~

• ,
,,•
,• ,
,
" " "
"
" " " "
"
" "
'"
" " .. ,ss
13~13

• r
• • = 8fJ

'h
gliss
• b~ rJ~


~

"

• ,u
'"

•~
12--13
9 .... "-11
"
0
" 13--14



• 91








/iI"-- - - - - - --
___ J - -


,,~

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J = 102








92

• 2
• It IS poss,bk 10 push n Ix-n<l up n S("Ol IfOn(' ar a tim/:" ,n o rdn w gH a st'lj uell«(" (,f nOIC'S, as III
exercise 70. Th(" B III oor 2 ,s pushc·d up finr {O C , r h",n 01 , , h",n D , aft",r willeh t h(" E ,s

• su ppl",d by tilt' I !Ih (n·t On til<" tOp sUlIlg . In bolr (hrct"" rhe "bL 'S ust"<l ,n
" d m p f't'(! fil"lit a ,~m mlll'" (I"(,m Fit to F and t hen down {O E. You 'lI Stt
rt"v~ rst' T I... bt-nt I:
Ihal a s'mila r , ..d u" q u",


"'xu", again In bar fi,'"
Exercise 71 "a 'w,...o.. t-.. ,·... A p"ntOlIOIiK mmor scale p"Hl'm starr ing on th .. fifth ~[fI ng
T h,s .. ~t'r"'* ll~~ trl plC1s - a grou p of t hrcr q uavl'fs p layt<1 on rht ht-a, - and WIll ... k~ St1ffiC
scrt"u 'h ong t u r""l h th/.' tOp ,( you ha~C1l't got a eu taWll Y g ui ta r. (W,th a I lr h_fr~t ,,<"(·k ,om .

• h "J.:t"[ 't~)
THE 'CASCADE'
• In ord ,', to mak .. a S{"alt pa t'trn last l" n.-;<" r wh~n pl..yi tlt; y uiekl y, g uiwn sts som(" flm"$ \lS~ a
tec hnillll e wh,eh w,' (an d uh th t 'cllSf"ad t ' Th .. id ..a " to play d" w" a few noh'S and then go Mek

• up onc or t wO less. Exercis e 72 is a fri l,lt'f (a~'ad ~ down [h .. A p" lItat<lIlil mi nor SCt,le. You 'll
notice righ l away how d Ie C\lsc:l.,k hd ps fO J.: IVt [h.. im p r.." io[] t hat you 't/.' not just no n ning
down a scale. blJ( p layong- a mo rt' (o nsid(' f(,,-j lead I,n t . Exercise 73 is uti eighl h-note easendt·

• dow n Ihe sa me sca le. In bnr IWO Ihl' thff"ntd fi fth (F..,l i., add~d to mah tilt" A blLlcs scale. Bar
three is tlw ~m e eMead e ,d e:\. S f~rrm ,L!: O[](' str ing low~ r than ha t m 't". III lxo r (ou r Ihe s~ m e


Ilm ll'nrd fift h occ urs b UI t h, s flnw If is Iw n! ra[ h ~ r than frt"{ too. No t;,-.. t he J ,(kr('ll«' m tone.


• "




• l






• 93

• = 00 J r --- J ---, gliss •

,.-- - - 3 - - 1

L ____ J ____ -'


Hm--------------- -------- , •

gliss , _____ J ---- , gliss gliss gliss
= ~


L ___ J ___ ~
L ___ J


88
, •



I
.' - t::S


,

gliss
r--
,---- 1--, gilss






94


2
• Exercise 74 " il f h rt't'-()<!a~ E blu." ""al~ ba.,,,d on th., E pent aWII ;\: majo r (E {l ~ G# Be,)
hu r w, t h , h., ad d,r H)n of a flnff("ne<l rh mi, In rh " ("a5(: G . This seal" h,,-, an UpllO::'M (t'd alld IS

• found 'n 1=1 io:1mar solos rh,1{ ,k-f'V" from 1950s rock 'n "roll.
AI''''' from $frl n/-: -n.:.nd lng , anor h("r dt'COrafion USCtI hr lead pl ayers is
off, sct'n h('1"(' OIl exercise 75, wher'(' nOf('S arc
l ilt" hammeN.n/ p uli .
,""1 hy t ht" f«""lnJ.; hand . Thl< IS baw.:! .. n


( 1"(....

a Sl x-oo r hlues pmr('rn . Tht' seak ,s E M,xolydla n ( E Fa (;ii 1\ 1\ (; I)) bu. wi t h . h.. fla n .. nt'd
t h ord G alS() ap,,",:r.n n j.;"

• REPEAT LICKS
I.ike ,h(' (I\S("nd(' , r h(' rt'1)('(t! hck '5 a way of s("ui ng m ore from a s m a l l ).; I"OUI' of " ('ft" . Tht' " I.,...


I S 10 make B shon ph msc and I'('I)('\u It for !.("vcm l bars. Th(' one In e xe rcise 76 liSt'S st"vt' rnl
that :lIT based on a t r i:I,1 M"rk K nopJlrr uSN.! (his id ea V{'fY d [cn ivrl Y:If rhe clost, of 'S\il rans
OCSwing', In l he r it:'hl plac~ , :ls in his m crgcl;c s.ol o, these n Oll sou nd m orc dynamic and dnvlflt:

• Ih"" rn ~rd y r~pt't l tLv~ .

Exerci se 77 IS" fiv~_ l\ot~ r~1'<''' t IKk tila!

the shi ft up" mill<>r t h ird _ ~ f:,"o ur ite tri ck of J immy Pagc.
i, [',",ed on A doria" (A BCD E F ~ G). Nmicc

• .,.--.
• •


• Am

• •
H-o- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- ,
•=
r
• .J


• r

• , J -~ J --


----- J -- __ -' " - - - J --_-'

• A c



• 95
2

OrKt' rOU ' vt'

vOila, exercise 78t


mas tt'n ..:l t'lCtl'{"'$l' 77, try S(]Ut't'llnt: ont' m"r.. n•• , .. un to cn" \...,a( to )0;10£ >I " _


THE MODES
T he pcmalOOJc pattcrns the most used by rock ~lu ta nsIS. A bnd look at ,hc grou p of scales •

<II'('

known as t hc modes, ho w('Vcr. wIll su~t:" St some ('"~ t l'll 'colour ", \VtK-dK'T you Cllll uS(' , hC'Sl' '" a
solo will pardy c.lqX'ml on Ihc chords you 'l'(' plaYln~ over.


The Arolmn moJc, exercise 79, .s also known as the "a(Ural m inor \.Calr. I" A "would
tx- AB C D E F G . L,slen [or the saun<"SS of t he s.c<onJ anJ SIxth of thIs scale (n anJ F).
Contrast clu.'rci!.C 79 wnh Ih .. 11011-0)0.1.1 han lloillc mi nor s('.Ik m exercise 80. whCIT ,h...


seventh now i.\ ra ised a """, iwllt' . Rn.. k !:UjW fl ~t~ SU mCl l m('S ("" plm t the las t four 0 01 ("5 of IhlS

!;cult' - E F G # A - W ~et an ' U ~' t ~ rro ' _."uud . Tht' r.Am.OII m"J~ , exercise B1 , Can bo.' tholJ,!: ln
of as the natural m ,no, w " h " .,h"q",n~d sc xt h· II lJ C. !) E F# G . It c., fa vCf" rt"d h)" ("..a rl"s Sama]] ~

cn much dhi s I.. ad p lay'n;.:. Exercise 82 shuws rh.. PhrYI<,,, n mcKl". wh i, h ,·a n I,.. thou); ht of
as a na tu ral minor wah a flat"·n,,..!
Spanish sou nd . Th ~
~rcon d : 1\ 1"11, C J) E F (; . Ma ny pl ay .. r,
Atuli an. 1)."" 1Il ;Inc! I'h r)"I< ';ln ar" a ll m,nn r mod es.
mn<;,d~t j{ to ha\"~ a


I


' - - - - <I ---~
6 - _ _ --' .... - - - - 6 - - _ _ --'

,
• •
~ fL ~-.. ~ .
fL ~ fL ~ ~ •
.' •
,,
,
,
•, ,
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Am
, , , , • •
Dm
7----8~5-

Am
, , .-. ,
• •,
Dm
,
• , ,-

I






96 I,


• 2
•I J 02



• Am G ,

• J - 8IJ

• , ___ 3 ----' '--- .1 -- -"


• Am D' Am D.

• J;.; /</0
• :Ft~• .• ~ ~ • ~=-
IT
..,~ .~. ~

• ,,,
~ = '' '-
, • •-• 56'5
""

-~ SU
S-6- S -&--e--e

, •, ,
~>->

,• , •
7 -8 - - 7 -5- 5

.,
• Am Am Gm B Am








• 97
••

Th" r" a n.- t hr.... majo r mod('$. Tilt' Ion Ian IS ou r m~l()r S<':lk ( ou G : GAB C D E F# G ). The


M;"olr<ii an is a malor sca lf" w' lh n flattcned S('~(' n dl : GAB C D E F G . 11lis is vcry cm n rTlon
in pop and roc k. Exercise 83 shows It III vanw., ptlSlt H)IlS

The LydI an mooe , exercise 84. ,s lilt' IUJ)1lr ",::.1" w,[h a r:mt'd foun h; GA il e N D"
FIJ G . T tk' 1':l1!>C<l fourth g'v<,s till S ",(.d",1n •.Jgy, u" ",nlm l> <jualot y.
[U fit t h.. chord p rngt=~I{)n_


To fi n ish. try exercise 85, chock-fu ll fir "'t'IJ-USl"d b.-nd ... It
and k nd 5 midf (0 p lay,ng In
" ',,,-,...d am und th.. ["nth (n-t
D a '1J A. ust" n for lh., bI....sy suund " f t h.. halfbt,nds. W h"n rou


all' work ing om " solo "Iways chC'C'k the chords yuu 'll.' p layml> ovt't If ( ht: pmg n.-s' '' lO IS '" "
smglc key, W ll h no oJd dlOrd.'. ~ slllgl .. "",I .. w, lI m LLol ll y ",ork all t h" way th mu,o:h. An)·
un usual chords Illay ",,.><.1 an "d d, u oII,,1 '>(.:.1 .. m f"'rhaf\~ Just du, adJ u"m~nt of one nOft.

J
"'''
..L


, 0-1-

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"0
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., , , -,- , , , , , , •
c, '"
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,
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,,"
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,•, (5) - -7


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,,
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, .-a , , , , , , , , , , , ,---. , •
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=
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98


• 2
• ,I :?4

• •
~
;i ;i ;I ~*
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,•
,, ,
0
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,
• • •

• ,~

G A 'm

• ,
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lJ~ I'- , F

• ,
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-,- ,,>----0 , , • • ,
'" ,.-,
12 14
,~
eo

• ,""
( ':;----i3)--3
, , <-2

A G
" "

• ~
,
Fe 1'1r- t ~ ~ lJr- Fe ~

~
• ,
"
- , '" '" " '"

- 14-- 1z-----. 10- 9

"" " 12 14 " " 12- ( 12) ,,-


,,"
12 -11- 9
" " " "


Dm ajl G Dmaj7

-r
8"' - - - - - - - --- - -- -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - -- - - - -- - -- - -- - - -- - - - ----

• "
"



• ( ,..)-
, --------------------------------------------- --- -------
.-.
- - --

• "
au au BU

• :,' ~~~~~'
, ~>-~'~'~~~~'2~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
15 12 13 12 10
10 11
10 12
11


G A o G


• 99
3 •
RHYTHM
We' ll begin wIlh a sIIlg k .not(' blll<"!l ,d (·~. Exercise 1 h~, ,h., J'~III K t i"" '~ w"'g"'g ' rh yt hm •
SO of( ' I } hea rd III blu("S . III 4/4 " "'~ "al ii bt-at l .. 11 bt- d ,v,d...:! ,nto two "'gh eh- no{..,. (qua"" ",),
or four 16t h ' IIott'S (St''''K.l lW''''''' ), und "" " n Th .. 4/4 ba r "I' " 'g h th-[\m...,; - cou ntoo a. ',," ,,-and
(w(KInd th ree-a" d ftlur _~ "d ' _ •.• , " mm" " r... k In bl u..~ u.,uaJ co cl ivid .. t ht: I",at •

111 It " "'",..,

JllI O ( h~ ("ginh·.".£<'s . Twu "'Shl h' ''''It''< .I Tt' d, u., p l.. yt'd ..., ,I til .. fif'O{ wa., a quartu -nm" and
""'g ti,t"
IOC second an c'gh th -llOu', gO r h~ ( h m 'HI1t' -u ud -u h [wu ..;.uod· u h th r=-and- u h fllu r--a"d.
u h '~ the mId dle note of ca(h lht\.'I>n,ltl" ,,:t I.' ,1I. m _ It '~ , h"'t" fur rhythm'l f..d. T h..,,, "a (,mt"
~lgnJl ure - lll H - whl t h ""r''','>t'' t h" Bm /" 1' ...." .. ,,' "",.u, ,,,, ",ad",); wt: wi ll u'<t: 4/4 fur Ill"'" •
of these exampi..,. and add , h .. d' ..... t "'fl tt> t rt'at th" rhyt hm ,.., 3 ,hum,,', disp l3yrd 3"

r. . J l' •
, COl TRAC K 21 •
.' ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ J ~ \7 •

\" \"
,
,,,
•,

,,

, • , • . -0 • • -0 • ,-

.' -n ~01 J-I" "
,...-,- ,
C-- .I _-,
--,
--- -, - ,
, •

,J ,J
,
,,•
•, . -0 , , , , ~~

o
0--0-----0------(1--5-0---3 1)-0-0-0---0--5----=0::=3=



,,

,
A



" o • A , •

102

• 3
• T h,s t'xampl~ " ,n A Ill J]or. whOK scale IS A H C# [) F. F4I ( ;#. In ha r " " ", YIOU "" II SIX a C
Th is t1:ur('n!;'<1 rh.r..1 nut., IS a 'b l..., ' liN", It clashes w,t h (/l(" un. lerlyin,l! ha r m""~' 11OlSro on the

• major S01lc. In har fiv<:, , h ... C' ,~ 311 F w l ,,~ h IS the Ib u cooo Ihir,l of , he [) mal'" ( hurd and
bar IIl1le thr re IS G , ",IlO("h IS rh .. /la[u:n~ d" ro of an E m ajor coord. L,s't''' fi,. , ht'
<juahty of d l('S(' nOll" Th,s ryp.. ('If ~m.K It'·n ..t .. p m g n "SSJOn w, lI sound h'O().l If " IS dt;ubl..d by
',,,ugh'
In

• bass gUItar J us. Ob it! a .lm m hta t and away yu ... go: JI\Sum bl ucs POW("f rroo~
Exercise 2 's :lnol hu smgl .... note 12·00{, Ihls lime m E. \'<farch OU I fur th .. .'Y IIl"I"U IOll


al:1'OS$ bars 1-1 an. 13-4, ~-6 , 7-1'1, and IU-I I. LIke exerCIse I , hissoun.ls,I<....d wht' n d"ub lo:J wlIh
a IxISS gUl mr. If you wanr [0.:;010 over .,11),.." ["t the bass com in u(' play i n~ t h.. "",[,,[ t'd r)f<'Jo; n:'~S I<)1I

Chord sy mbols Arc g ,ven on rh" ..x~Tr i.", m"rdy as g uid{"5 to wha t you wou ld t.... p l~yor,,, OVl'T


'Ih get J Il COldy wste of chord al hlut's rhythm yn ll <ca ll tty pl d)'ing throug h [hI." ('xt'rc'i>t' nnt w, th
d ,t _'t migh t chord fo rms !xlow, h u t us in,.; [h~ dnm ,nam ., tw nt hs as d,sc\lsSol.~· 1 ,n rht'
inrr(l.-hKtlt'" - l>as,,' ~xal1l pk s of whJ ch arc on n('n l''',.;t-

•I
• I



• .'
••
-
- J -- "


J • • '1* ~. -•
• • " " . - ,J
, ~

,"
• , )--0-
0
,• 4- - 2 -2- 2-
, t-O---O--4 , . --2 ~ 2---2
,~ --
A

• -D- i, I

~ ~ ~ ~ " .J - , '
. ~ ~ ~ ~; . ".

oj
.I
,
," -
,- -2- • , , ,
• 0
,• ,0 -<>
• •
, , , .r-z-<>
• •
0
,
4- - 6 - 4-

• •
• ••

• '" ,

• 103

,1
, ,1 •
o

.n •
0 , 0 0

IfT I fl 1 I I~ r
.
~ ..
+

i
~


.~

j
l . ;

(01 TRACK22


I
A

,, I

,,
• ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

. •
0
•,
,
1 - -1---0 • ,• ,-
• •
.
o
~. .--. ,
0
.~- r-~2--4
•• •• •
~~


I
I



A




A


104



• THE SHUFFLE
H.,r., 's ,h(' (':Isy rhythm figure tha t yOu will fiud at th" sra rt of tht" ' Rock & Pop' M'Cr,on roo .

• Tht" .I,ff('ren((' on Qxercise 3


anOlh('r on bar
as II d,d on
s,~, ~ nd

('~('t'('IS("
, $ t il" ~ h uff1" rhyt hm _ Watch om for Iht" var.aI' on on har fivt."

a thmlul oo r 12 . NU{[(l: t hat in hru- t.,n Iht" musIC d()('$ nor rer urn ro I)
1. Stay m S ,," Ii fur twu ba ni is a val " I altt"rnar,~·t" al , h,s 11O'n! on a 12-bar.



W(' 11C('<.i to IX" Jbl<' ru pluy rllJ~ ~h umt" fig urt" in 3ny k.,y, SO exercise 4 (on V('rlS lh,s SIX.
bar blu('$ ,n{O;1 fr('urd figure w,t h n" 'op.-n sumIY' , If you fi no th,s a bit of a sl n' rd, d rop your
Ihumh wdl bo:-h'nd 11)(' ,)('Ca.. TillS w, 1I hdp yo... fr-.:tt; ng hand opt n om . F.Yff"(" ,St' 4 show$ ' h('
' Ixx>~ 'f' figu r(, S(;Irtl1lg wi th Ih.. n~JI nm" un th.- f, fth strt n,t.t.

• ,
_ , ,=-r, ;
C0 1 TRA( K 2]


e~ "1- 1- :1: 'l~=I
.J ~ ~
,
• ,"
0
,•
, ,--<-. ,,--.--.
,--"
0---.--. -5-t-~--5
,- ,-.- ,- >-,- ,
7 7 , , 7 -!- •
, 7--9 9 7 -! -
5--!J1--S--S--S
9 ~_
5--S

• , ,
o

..
G o

• ~
-
I " ., ., ., .. .. .. .. ;I ;I .. ..

• 0
,
,"
•, •7--T--::-:_
• • ,
10--10------'9--9
, ,, ,• • , , , , ,,
.-, ~~- 5 - 5--


5-
A • • • • 5 - ..I..-~
G D









• , 105
3 •
Exercise 5 s how_, t h., SJ rn., Id.,~ '" Co m at"' , ,)lit" "Is lie Gars, sta ru ug on til{' s;" l h SlrIng . •
$m rflnJ.( o n e it her {he fof, h or I he $I1(,h ~{rI nJol .. n ahl.,~ r ou e" play It "I all y mJjm ""y. and w
pi l ch It hl,!; nt:r or low,·r. N O'I(t: <h .. G fo j.(\1 1l' In rh .. fo nal h.lllj
the- Sfarl . Onct"" yoo ·VI.· gtlf <h("$(· do .... n you·1I t-... eq o' l'pffi
rhy, h m in fO any k{""y rt"<l UIn' 1.
I~

to
an 'I(-(''-''t: abov .. tht: Co fogurt: a t
rranSl'l>St: t h;_~ .,,;st:nt;al b lu..,

n . -,-

J )J

,, ,, ,,,,,,,, •
,
,"
• ] ] ] ] # # # # # # # •


0
•, 5---5- - T -7---5
3
G
3 3- 3 - 3 - 3
, ,, , ~, -
,~

, --0
c
,, , 7-0 ~
, --0
,
3--3- f-5
G
3
~
3 -, ,, ,~

, --0 ,, :~=

.' ,,," ] ] •• ######

I
,
,"
0
,• • • , , ,
3 -3 3 3
~,

3 -3 3
.,- , , ,, ,
3
.~ ,~
10--10
, ,, ,, •, • , 3 3
,~ ~

3 3 3
,
3 :~= I
• D c

I
I

D •







106

• 3
• THE IV-bill-I CHANGE
In h lu<" . m " ,'t'ITIt' '' t (x.\wtcn til" fi rst no\(' of Ih/.- 5("al~ and th., fla{(""fil tlurd IS H:ry com mon .

• If (l("' "U"" on "".. ,,[ 1 1I1t'~. III slll~k-not (' niTs. in kad so los and in {-hurd.-. M ud dy W alers , fot
("X~ m l'lt·. f.."r ur..,. .e ht'JVlly '" SImp hk..- "Man n Ish Boy ', and H.- nar;" ""ng~ I,k., ' Voc,Joo ChII("


and "Hear My TrJ '" A·C.unlln- 1.1.:""'"15('.
Exerc:ise 6 IJ k.., U~ thO>Ufh a $('1 of Var1.1nons on I h., E- A-C cha ngt'o ""h" t( G IS til<-
flan t'nt'd du rJ bl ut', nou- or chord . In oor on(" It occu rs as sin,lotlt' nm !."S, m bar IwO as Ihu'ds, In

har [h , .... {hord., with J Jlffe-...... m l('rmlOat lon (i n har fuu r), In ha r fi ..... r a.~ i,(IIIS, In bar fiv(' ~s
• troad~, "",I on har ~'X as r. .... r-I1()\ c chorJ~. Each one has a di'Ttr~nI <;>ff.'n. y " .. u n com blnc IheS(.'
m any way y,," I,k.. d u n n,'! a b lue'S numocr ,,~ m~ the 1 _ I V~ lI r chan;.:~ .

• W{' havr alr..ady d"nt,,,,,,1


bl ues. BefOft· movon" on , I~ r \ f~ on f" n:~
In
~

exercise 7 D7 ,s n Fl' A C. In ha r "n ~ , I'll an d C


..:uupl ... of 1LIJl('!; how the <lom i nant
that further wil h allOlh r r shorr
S<:"" ~", h

tJ<l"COM"
r hmd " i:~ II( r:, J t()

v n ' t.< V" " .. th ' US.


ar~ playul IOgnher. By mv vlnl< rh ~ m

• dow n ,!II" f'c t we get pMt of G 7 an d hy m<lv in); (h~ m up on~ jc"t pan of A7.

• C01 TRACK 24



• ,,
A • A •

• ,;;. r-
--OJ
r-,
1"- q
.' , J ,-
•J J ~ ~ "' \'~ n ~ ~ JJ " ~

• ,
• 0-,
, , ,
,,• =l=

0
0
,• -.-..-.-.-,
,
, A • , A
• , • A

• n ..
,
:J 'j) J = 100
,
• .' ,;
,
1 1
,;-
"' ;/ j

• '" '" ;/
,,
,,
. -. • • , •
, ,
., , ,• •
•, • , , •
, ,•
• •,
D'
, , ,--> --<>-----<>-.



• 107

• TURNAROUNDS
In many hlu(~ (u nes a musKal ph msc.· s'J:na ls (ha l I h ., 12-ba, IS Il;'a(hln~ liS eno ~ nd IS a b"u { (()

• s!':I n :I.);:uo . It 's a shon: p hra .... , off(·n


'rum .1fQ\ m,j' Tu marou n<h a .... m:u n l~
t.'Oln~ do wn b y " [ " ['-S, SI.. m\' (l n)C$ ~:om!:

usoo in r hyt hm pa rts hut if yOu ar<' qU lck- w;ttffi


up. Th; .•

YO\l (an pIll Ihl'I!] illt" a I.,ad 80 10 at thi.' cno ,)1 ,,~~h 12-har. HI'I"{' a r(" c-if: ht ty po< J I {ll m ar() u nfh .
IS ,hi:-
~ n()U.l( h

• ,,'\I,'n m E and
I m a~ , nc
( !Ill.' in A .
lhal rO ll have a lr.,ady 1 ,l ay~d (ell hiU'S of a 12-ha r \.("</\1(' 1'1 «' , E"C h of t h ~,., exa m pits


""rrr<~ nl S ha rs 1 1-12. WI"" n playm,ll turnaround fig u,,,,,. " '" altnnar c pic kinO': strlk" {he lowr,
nt>r" of p trl p ict w it h a duwnS lroh and t hi.' up"". "" U' w it h an u pstroke. III exercise 8 rht"
nvrt' mO"1:$ down Ih" th ird slrm,g " IonC'. Exercise 9 .iisplays a Ih,rJ mOY lng d nwn Iiv- st"Cond


an,1 dl lrJ s( r lllg'_
Exercise 1D IS an (.,(jually d Ye...·"', .. tu rnaron n, I, and IS much I,k.. "~"" ' '''' B hu r WI t h an
ascCUJ IIl": m ,wt' m(·nt . Exen:ise 11 " ,,1:;... I,h ' ('xcrciS<? H eXL.. pc "'''t'S af(' (oml~ do wn in

• SIx th, 0" c h ~ firs, and third ~tr" 'S_' 1\ , , h l ~ 1'0 lO! , you shoul d I",X ' " U, S<.'\' , hr sub tle " J ri~t i{) "
wall wh l( h rh is se('mi n,.~h sim pl .. fiWm ' (n n he p hoyed .
Exercise 12 cont in ues our r"pl ll mw.m o f turnaro und" wit h a p,,, ,(' rn h l ~ h cr up the u..ck,

• wh,. h t akn ", I"an rage of thc Up"" w p I: srro n..:.


I I.. r~ :,,~ two pall crns III d .. s<·.. ncl",!; SIxt hs, Oil<' h ig h. unr )"w, ,t:tOupcd IOg<,the r in


exen:ise 13. Usc on,' or t h .. m h.. r and rht'n mO\'c to t h(' eXptd t"d U r hor, 1 In • hI," 1.lst 00. , " l ,t'
exJlOpl~ ,n exercise 14, mnv,"x " J>'w.I n.l$ , IS III t hc kry of A mator.

• J
......,......., ,- 1-----, r- J

.:
• .' '"



~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~'
~

,
~~~~~'~~~~~'~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~==~~~~
7 7 6 -6 5 5
. 4 3
5 --4---------4
2
3 - -3 -
1
1'-2-

• ,,

~

~ ,
J
" • - , ,
I


~
-J ~
"

,,-C- , • , , • • • •••
3----<

:r--- , , 3
• •

3
,,
A




• 109
3 •
Tu rn arou nd, Ca ll also be m,,,jc of a (ns ! SlnJ.: k-n~.[.. run Exercise 15 I~ a l~'picnJ (,J«lm l, lt , w,{h •
I'u li -offi;, g";n~ d",,'n t h", E pt'n t ~«}I" ( mmor senl e- 10 hn;t I""" ( ,, ,n . It IS similar lO tilOM' twa r<1
throllJ.\hoUf Srt-v ,.. Itar VaUS IJ;l " 'S ' Rud e Moo.!' , ~I'k l ' 5 ,l(t-U ' ",l( yo " In W " ,me fanner p layonj.; of
[h iS h"('ncrnl1y s;ml'l.. ftlrm . O ..... k ou t mor(' o f Va u~han 's pl ~ymj.: flor furthe r to'Xampks of hof-
1'00Jdcd f urn3rou",k •
BLUES LEAD GUITAR SCALES


P layin,l( hh~ I.. ad g ui rar tompt'tl·"tly IS a ma( ~ ('r of l(":lrnln,lo: 3 smal l n umiJt'r of sc-.d~ all<l 5cak
patll:rns; mastnon,l( ,h.. art "( ["",,d,ng and fl'('ul n~. ha nd It"( hn'<J"rs lik.. vib rato, ham mcTlo,l(-
on, p u ll in}(-off and sl ••1..s; and g r-~d ua ll y find lt~ out w h le h nor('~ j,l)u"d .-r"'''gt't on r uny g iven
12-b.u S<:<lucn(('.

THE PENTATONIC MINOR •


This i.\ eh .. ",ost impowllll Kalc (or hllws (n nd ro, k). Th ..
( ~l mpa,~

- F ~'
,ili, with E m"jor: E Ftl G# 11 1\ C# 1)11 , Th .....,
alld Cit - ha,'c Ix-.:n OJllHf(,<I,
I'",ncatollic mi nor is piay{'d o~e r
~n d
rellt:0 10Il JC

!lm ~s
llHllor Oil E is F.
- E A ,md B nrt lilt"
two - (; arid D - arC:l semi -lO ne IOWl· ' . \\lh .. n ch ..
n ll -hnr ,n F. m ajor tilt .,... r pKks up the G and ]) 'hhl<:" not ..,
hut acc., pt, thi s dash as the bJu c-s sound . H<:'rt' a rt' tw " "f'i<'" 'tnJl~ patl crns (0' (h,S sca k . Tht'
(j A II 1)_
s~mt' . Two

I
'i.""" lld J",_, a small CI<!{' Jls,on! o If Jnsrt»\<! d p JayUlt; !It., "f'i<'ll B slrin/-:. thc S-.1.m{' nott" " /i"lnd
'nt" p"ttcrn t har
at t ht' t" ur!h f,,,(. TI" s cstabl.shc-s I he ha n, l
i"l'c "" X noC." of
In

d,,, u~r is vcry 'Jllpon nn ( 10 hhlC"S


th ,rd i""' t ",n , follows for t ht'
I
I

-
CDl TRACK Z6


r - ___ )
'--- J--,

• '---- J ----. '---- J -- __ , ,


I
i: ~~~~~~~
.3~-~~~~
--O 3~~'=:~3~---O
~~~~,;.~~'~~.~~,---O
~~~~,;;~~~~~,~---o
~~~~~~~~~~~~~
., ----c~~1
~ - 2 - ( 1 - -1--------2









11 0



• E pent atonic minor


• .
,

• -- ,

• E" pentatonic miOOf w"th .


I ,,><tensIOn

• ,
.,

• "c
,",
, - 0
2- 4

,
- 3 --------5

,
- 3--------5

, ,


E bl uos scale
,
I ,-

~ ~ ~ ~ I-
I
I , 0--' -
"0 , ,
• ,," , ,



• ,
, , -,-

• o , , . , 3 . 1 • 1 , ,

• E pentatonoc major

--"
,

• ,,
• :3
~ #~

• ,,,
C

, •
, •
- 0=


• 111

THE E BLUES SCALE
Tht" nex • •WU scale I'a "t'rns 1"t'1)t'<I. , ht' I'rt'v " )", ~ I""" hU I add an ext!'.. u()(e: B, . Althoug h tlus IS •
nO{ On thl' [l('n la fOnic mInOr, " IS an(>th .... hlue' ",Ire - the tla t{e nm fi ft h . T his I"t'su lls in
is known

Exercise 16
lIS ,nc blul's SGl Ic . In a solo , h Is flaflt'nHI fif' h ("lln I,., ~ I'p...ached t' ither by (relt ing
or by bcndlfll-: a not l' up .o i.; ,11(' df('(", IS slt;: hrl y (I, ifl:", .. nl wl r h each
pUI S
~ppmach.

5Oml:" of wh~ 1 wt" JUS' len rn",[ In w :1n u m , using thl:" sca.l e noft... III firsr
pos lrion . N orin ' r ha. t h(' 0l'~.. n SI " n~$~.,f , ht- ;:lIlmr - E II D Co I} Ii - hav .. ~I I
wh~{

d ,.. n()(ts (Ot E


0{



pcfll afOn;c mi n.or. Thl5 IS o,w I"(~son why F. '$ , hI:" m~ "t pup u la, key for bl Ut'S mUSK on gUild'.
Eac h har 5.ans wlI h a ha:;s nOf('. 1.(" r h,s rong r hrou.a.:hout r h.. har, M If will givt" a ·umlt"xl · (or
thl' lead notfto. No(O(l' , hal bar s('v(·n h~s . h.: Il{l.It~ 1 fi B' no'" [!to, wh i,h )"ou will I""g,n W fi nd
fam il iar ,1 5 anot her typ ICal blues clement


C01 TRACK 27


, •
I
, •

gJiss
-;::.;..:; F-r;
,- J
--- J

- ....., JJl rr-i


-.
-. -- J --


.' ,. ---'1
- ~ # A
I
"
,
0"
,,
0
'--<>-----0-'
0 - 2·...4 - ' -0 , ,-.
... , , "....
, • • ...,
~

~,


, A

r--_ J ___ ,
h, r-r-, ,-. J •

,-- J ---,
,
• '--"I' ~ r-,
. , .. ~.,. J- -,= "" .,.
.,

.J\-
,.:.:.;
~J~
___ J ---, gliss

.' -0- J_ ~ b-.l~'\ ·'


~"


-

..
n
,
"
,,•
,
• ,, ,
, ..., ,-
, 0
, ... , ".. ~ -
,


0 0
0
2---12r-o-- l -"2
, , •



• • •

11 2


• 3
........ -==-.:.
• THE PENTATONIC MAlOR
Tht'n- IS also a (.I('m~«)nK scalc- urllwn umx:tly from [he ma jor SClIk. E pcm3tOIll( mJJor .s " Fit

• G. 11 CIt. Com p;]f..- t hiS w,th E major: E Fit GI! AB C!!


OIllJ U N, bu t Ot h ,' fW, So.' t he SCl' k s uSC the
a Il-b:lr ,n [: ,)).l ,or dl<'n an' no
",,/11<'

d~sl" l1~
D~ . Two notCS _ A and O N h3V(' bc-cn
'lOU'S. W hen til(' po>utawn "... major IS " I<lyoo ()~'('r
'blu,,' notes; tI ... lIotes fit harmolllously wllh the



chor,ls. An 'Ill po n ulll P"rt .)f pl.. y m~

Th(" Sf'(:onJ has 11 sl '!!h~ eXlenSlon [0


~o()d

It
bl u('S [...-..d IS com riJSu lIg the

instcm'! of piJ ymg Ih(' open B strlog. the


fou nd al the' foo rt h {tet. Ttll~ ('~I Jbhsh('S Ihe h~nJ III Ih,rJ pos" lon.
p"m~\On I C's

major forms lO lldJ !! r.:-~('r "u uest 10 you r s.olos. lI ere arc l wO open sl n ng pmu;-rll$ for t h,s scalc-,
mUlor 1'0<.1

~'1m(' OIO!(, IS

• E pentatonic malor

• •


• E pentatonic maiO!' wil h e xtenliOl'1

,
• "j



;
, , , ,

• THE E MAJOR BLUES SCALE


Th~ rh ."j o ft h~5(' scalI' IlR tt ('rn s ~,I, l s ,m ('''f ro nor r: 0 . T h is is rht· tlat rt n l~1 th l,,1 no .« W('


h ~\"t ~ Irt ~d y ('O(01 1l1l('r(,,1, Th iS r('SLl h s In wh;1.( is kno wn as l ht E (ll"l or hlurs $(~ k .







• 11 3
3 •
To furth"r p rauI'" ,IIest' MJ I,·" exe rcise 17 ,'a 12-lxi r solo III E that u!i{"s , he p<.'ntalOnlC •
ma l'" and mal" r hi " ..., "alt"., T h.. fl .lu ....t'd d ll rd " ""'Y [,. "'" '" t il .. music lxC"~lLq' of the
'" ar u ral' ru:-cid .. n (.~1 atldffi ru ( ; So m .." ",.., rh •• C " fr"t tm ;
tffi("h«l wi t h a
nort"s of hars
~n(1. T h,s hrt-:l k
" ' '''''t Im .,.., a.~ III ba t (cu.
"",,,'(I)" a ·rnll-!lnd-an~ ,,·.. r· [e< hn ,'l" t', wh.,rt"by th.. fi rst {j " ..
1-.3. 'j and 6 m3kt' a l,h r<lSO' t har " 'an<lAIrrc,,:I' hy w hat.. v.. r fi.I I"",,,_
It IS


RULES OF THUMB FOR USING THE PENTATONICS


1. In a m inn,-k.. y 11_00. you ,-"n play th .. l)t'nt-:l l" "K m ,II" f h ut nm Ih" "'diur. t\", t' Iha t th.'
p.:,n raron'(- m inor will nm «)unOIl$ 1>1.'<"$)' a' " d ... ·" on a rna/or k .. y h"'cm,,, t h.. n Ul..... at ... no
lonJ.;tr flartt" ,,",! ,·trs ions of no u's vn rm- h oy <ml .. ( ~,m l"' r .. E na mfa l m in'" - E I;~ (; A B C
D wn h E lK'nl arom{ m inOT; E G i\ 11 D. All dw '''HI' r'S nurl's ar.. In rh.. form ..r.
2. In it major_h oy l:?- oo r )'OU can play ~ h(' I >('m~ ron" m.nor ,,,,,/ rhe maj or. H ow~"n, .f th .. p ..... ~ •
,'O U arC soloin!: o~rr uscs any of the three m inor chords of Ih,' major kl')' (on E th esc art' F# mmor

,.
G~ minor Cit rllmor) t h~ p<'llta\,)!ll( ""llor Will c1,(sh with (hem JIl :lll UillicsJrn bk Imln ner. Th("


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• 3
• ('R$l('sr sol"uon ,.. ru '-'-'" th.. P<"O(:ltOIllC ma lor wh.:n:~..,r thost, m mor chor..ls occu r
3 . Any Ix-nrlliomc mlnO' "-"I,, pan.' rn mO" N ,Iown th rtt f",rs will ~ u tom:ltlCl\ lIy ·(uo .... n · It> a

• penta ton IC ma jor on tho:' samr

THE 'EXTENSION' BOX


n~)t II(ote. Rrmembcr Ih is [0 sw,t(Ch ",,,It'S III a solo.

• 1<' ('S juSt conc('n rrH(' for a

not hm~ ('lSI." ,,~ in


m nm~ n t ' Or> th~

It is ~ood diK ip! in.. to ,,,,uiu yourself to


pat ttIll fou nd at rh .. enp "fth.. prl'vious ~( of s(a k~_
pl"yin~

exercise 18. Jt will make- YOll thin k


a Il-har so lo usillS ()Ill y th("S(' fiw notes and
mor~


(ardully abom th e way "",,,h
not e sound s ah'\llnSr t h.. harmon y. By t hiS met hod you get an " P l'rO'l. I:ltl.l n 0( 'chord (Ones: (A
sml ,lar app roach ' 0 hasie 001..,,,.1( wli l be [".Ike-II In , he '}n7.' cha pter.) nlO','l' Ht' d~ notcs on t h..
S('.lll' tiM ! oclon~ to ..... ch of rhto th . .... (-hurd. ill t he 12-00 •. W ht"n .."n yu u stoke one of (0Cst-
• ,,,,.. , a , hord lO whIC h it ixlonJ.(s, . har nole ",,"",hiS a sIron!: fi r. Not ,c.. on IJoa n"u la' here m bars
1_4 I h~ s u~"s p b ced on E. the rimon).: of rhr ru n t hat leads up (0 a n t\ .n oor fivr JUSt uS the


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I Exerc:ise 19 rr~-'~nt' th., ,am~ ~xr~n,j()n box bur w.[h a f~w notes add~d - either hy frenin);


or hy !",nciin;; - that lit within the l)(lx. WI:' art ,rill worklng wirh a smal l ar~a of rl-1<:' frtrlx~ml

to ).(tr tht ma"imum mus ica l poss,hilait5 our of ir. This solo IS full of nhw notes_
Another imporrant rule ro rememher is rhar tvny pOinraron;( minor scale sh",(,s irs nores with
rh(· Ix'ntaron;, major of rhe not e a minor third ilbov~ or (f hrer s<cmironcs). Thus EGA II [) is •
rh(· s~me notes as G )>('nraronic majo r: GA B J) E, l 'h'5 means that over ,he chords ofG , C and
[) Wt (an pur rh ~ txrtns ion hOl( to a di fftrtnr harmonic use, as exe ...cise 20
rhe solo mows th e pMrerns up for tht C and]) ,hord,. ("ISD nore hert rhe melodic tl t· m(·nrs
rhar [he J)(·nratollic major bhws sha res with country gui{Jr stylts: (h~ ma.n con[ras[ .s [ht
shuws_ Not 'l-t


radi(ally diff~r~nl rh r[hmi( f~('I. )

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CD1 TRACK Z9

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• 11 7

Exe rcise 2 1 shows you ho w ,It" pcn t~ wnjc millor und maJm '\Cal", 111

><'q llcncc of answering ph ms('i; , Exercise 22 ,, ~ n,,[ h .. t '<hord ron,,' <'!<am pl .., th Is ti mt' III (~ .
G La n be, pUi '" a

The
would
st ~rung posnlo n

Slat{

been added
is d", t'~ I .. r",i"n

"''al.. : ""'t...-ad of moving


box d lJ I l,t'S a t th .. (UP ,,( a p"nlat<.lnl C minor seal<- , h:u
at t h.. tllIrd (tiel : t h .. ><.al .. pan t' ''' fi" , hal '~/o(I "':11 ahov" rhe .,.,.(""ist". A ~",roan f has
,h.. s.:~· .. m h Frt,-t . th" piaye.i a t t h.. , h ll·d •

to till S W I) :, , I) IS

011 III(' B slILng. Tills IS tI ... m t"" l~)m mnn po-nl a[(,nl< pal u:rn . W ,th no o pt'n srron,l(S " 's
movJ bk ~ nd g ' V(-s the l'* " r U(o JUl m illUI "f any le t)' fmm (; u pwanls. Movt' rh is u p J 1 f f{'<S W


crcalc a fCn w lOnic m lllo! ont' OCWVt' hlg t ~r; O!T Marl It un tt.., S<."ulIld n[]' " fur a T""_mam ni,- m ajo r
from 1il:J1 not ... II .., .. t h~ ~""d nnl t' '.' U" '" ' [",Ut onK I hut' ,Io: 'V(,S 1\ pt' n taton ic major.







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• 119
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120


• WHEN CHORDS CHANGE: BARS 'TWO. FIVE AND NINE
Your I"ad p lay'"g w, lI ,<,u lld mor" <-""fod"",, ,t you an: ahl .. W rdl",n ,n you r ,-h"IC" .)t n" t.. ' I h..

• "'0"'",, (> '" th .. 12-lxu ""ru,n tru,r"


chord I ttl
,~ a ,·hord .-hanxt:_ Th .. first ot ( h...s.. w, 11 ht: ,h.. ,·han}! .. tnlm
,-hord IV ,n bar fo"t: , ,.r bar (Wo if if is a ·<] u i("k --{"han,l;"· hlut:S_ Th .. fi.,.. ''If"IUTlp les ,n
exerdse 23 ,h,,"" how w na" '~3 {t: {ht: I- IV (han,l!.(" (h("f(" ,he- ("h3n.l:t" 'S from A ' 0 I» .

• A s,mllar fTHlm .. m lin u fli ,n


I h,s ,s .. " l! ,hurd . MUIlY plu~"fli
m,)..~{ 12- hars al oo r n ,n(" wh(" ft" ("hor. 1 V apP<"3rs. In , h .. k.. y of A
fin.d Ihal U)II[IIIUIII,I; W solo ovt:' [h .. r",·n mIOn,,· m H>Of 3{ rh"
""t sou nd as . R"t:I.. [,,,,,,,,, " I<t:wh"n: ill Iht:


p" "'1 J " t:., 11-oor. Exercise 24 show, ~ ,,othr ""aI's ot
JIl~ k ",,I; th .. t n. n~I U"" I' luy hll r "",, III ...",-h '-"5<' , followo:-rl hI' any ont" of , h .. F. h.1rs.

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• 121
3 •
INTERVALS AND QUARTER BENDS
String b.:nding "a signifiun l pan: ,,(hlu.... I.. ad rl ~y ms . '1'1 .... usUJllx-nJs al'(' up a scnlltOIlC or •
a who l" w nt: ; snm" p lay .. ", I!" h ,~h .. r. t huu,IIh I"'~rd y
ahll" CO bend (' it ht'. a srmiwn.. o r IOn ..
Oil th.. aU ' ''-, [ K gUlt~ r. It
:u-,-ufa t<:ly, l>t"t:l\u "", III p r;u ton'
htctwttn p layin,ll a C a,llains. an A ct.! .rd (Ih .. fb n .. n~ th Ird) or a C , (d ,,, normal durd
dll~
IS impon am to IX'
Gill ", ..all the J,lTcn.-nc('


JIl A).
K"me m!w, ,n., g()ld~n n,l .. of!"'nd. n,.; alway~ .• upp" n , h.. finS'" dm l I~ btond lllS by pUl tmg th...
nth", fi ng ..", d nwn, w hnt: .... "" ,hlt', nil ellt' Silm.. Mrmg .md pw.lu llg wJl h t wO or thrtt. Bends
a rt' almost On'''' d n"t' wIth th .. h,u n h filljo:t' r.
Hlu ...s ,l; u imr also .. m p loys a l>t'n,1 al tu .. Uy small .. , d u n a ,;o,nllwn .. , t he q UJ rt er-tonc bend, and •
moo t aronS[ IC pl ayn s ("3n m ak.. 1,1lt'",1 u, .. of ,ht'S<' w " h h u l.. dlffi~ ult y. II amnu ms to h llk
morl" t han a ' smll<l~ ing ' of p,tc h hu t" CAn Iw ~fft'Cro\'~ . Try " on th" thi rds t hat u ..p up
,hroug holll exercise 25. Ano, hN {'xAm p l(' of som(' 'YI' I(:.I hlu('s doubl~-,to", is shown III •

exercise 26. They at(' mostl y tiurds. bUI (here :,re Slx( hs ,n oor fom.

MINOR KEY BLUES


Bl ues m usic is also (ound ill m,nM kCJ' "l'he fh.l t or tw O minor blues cX>lmpJes. exercise •

(il{'

27 is in all do"g~t~oJ [otm and 6 1" (imc', whel'(' the re ~ I'(' tWO be,ns in eHch oor ~nd each r...",-,
dividr s into thttt. Notic., t h~t d,,· hJ lf b.:l\d ,n bar one becomcs a full bend in bar fjV(".


Alt hough ,Om., of d,e ph ra~s "ft· JX " WI(>llic 1Il 1li(,r (A C D E G ), lhc['(' "re ~Iso oors li kc (,.g ht

j wh"rr the A natur~ 1 m,nor "e"J., (A U C IJ L I' Co) " u.-.oJ



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