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1. She’s such a novice. She’s new to this. Novice means _________.

a. center b. beginner c. curios

2. Don’t belittle me! You should praise my efforts.
a. average b. underestimate c. exxagerate

3. The woman is so alluring and enticing. She always has that cute smile. Alluring
a. charming b. curious c. discouraging

4. There is a huge chasm between rich and poor.

a. gap b. demean c. closure

5. For me, like that was such a mediocre performance. I have seen hundreds of
performances like that.
a. ugly b. ugly c. excellent

6. I abhor traffic jams. I love it when my drive to work is quick and easy.
a. like b. enjoy c. hate
7. Her speech was eloquent. She was so smooth-spoken.
a. articulate b. dull c. unclear

8. There was great chaos in the streets after the election. The new president
hoped to restore relative calm quickly.
a. harmony b. social commotion c. orderliness

9. Everyone was grave after the earthquake. The atmosphere was sober and
a. sad b. cheerful c. ridiculous

10. Owls are ;they fly around and look for food at night.

a. birds b. nocturnal c. abnormal

Understanding Charts, Tables, and Graphs

1. What are the two purposes served by the presence of visual aids like charts, tables, and

2. Pie charts illustrate how

3. What is the main difference between the function of a pie chart and the purpose of a
line graph?

4. In a line graph, the straight line going from left to right at the bottom is called the

5. The line going from top to bottom at the left-most side is called the

6. Writers are likely to use bar graphs when they want their readers to

7. Flow charts help readers to

8. If you are reading a difficult passage accompanied by a flow chart, you should look at
the flow chart

9. Tables list

10.Like with all other visual aids in Chapter 11, the first step in reading a table is to
1.Charts, tables, and graphs illustrate ideas in the text and condense pages of technical
information into one or two visual aids.

2. How some larger whole is divided into smaller portions or percentages.

3. Unlike pie charts, line graphs help readers visualize changes over time.

4. Horizontal axis.

5. Vertical axis.

6. Compare and contrast different amounts or events.

7. Visualize the steps or stages in a process.

8. While you are reading the passage.

9._______ contains facts and figures in a series of columns or rows.

10. Look at the title.

1. What is the title of this line graph?
2. What is the range of values on the horizontal scale?
3. What is the range of values on the vertical scale?
4. How many points are in the graph?
5. What was the lowest temperature recorded?
6. What was the highest temperature recorded?
7. At what point did the temperature dip?
8 What is the range of values on the horizontal scale?
9. What is the range of values on the vertical scale?
10. Did Sam's weight increase or decrease over time?

1.Temperatures in New York City 8.January to May
2.1 to 6 9.0 to 80
3.0 to 80 10.increase
5.43° F
6.67° F
7.Day 3: 50° F
1. The metaphor, "The boss' words were crystal clear" means
It's obvious what the boss meant
The boss wanted someone to buy him/her clear crystal
What did the boss want?

2. The simile, "selling like hotcakes" means

you're selling pancakes

you don't have any money
you're selling items very quickly
you're not selling many items

3.The simile, " He's busy as a beaver," means

He became a beaver
He's extremely busy
He's lazy
He's not very busy
4.The simile, "dead as a doornail" means

you're in a good mood

you're dull, boring
you cut your finger while hammering a nail

5. The simile, "She was white as a ghost," means that

the girl died and became a ghost
the girl dressed like a ghost for Halloween
she was happy and smiling
she was nervous and pale-looking
1. A(n) ________ is the process of supporting a claim or conclusion by providing
reasons or evidence, in the form of premises, for that claim.
A) testimony B) argument
2. C) discourse D) investigation 2
An argument contains a ________ when it appears to be correct but on further
examination is found to be incorrect.
A) syllogism B) non sequitur
C) fallacy D) red herring
3. We look to an expert in a field other than that under investigation under the
fallacy of
A) inappropriate appeal to authority. B) inadmissible statement.
C) generalization. D) appeal to fear.4
4. A(n) ________ is a type of mistaken reasoning that occurs when an argument is
psychologically or emotionally persuasive but logically incorrect.
A) faux pas B) argument
C) informal fallacy D) formal fallacy 5
5. Arguments that have nebulous phrases or sloppy grammatical structure are
guilty of the
A) fallacy of misinterpretation. B) fallacy of ad hoc. C)
fallacy of bait-and-switch. D) fallacy of ambiguity.
6.When a key term in an argument changes meaning during debate, it is called the
act of
A) equalization. B) equivocation.
C) rhetorical balance. D) smoke and mirrors.
7.________ occurs when an argument contains a grammatical mistake that allows
more than one conclusion to be drawn.
A) Equivocation B) Feedback
C) Inductive reasoning D) Amphiboly
8.________ changes the meaning of an argument depending on which word or
phrase in it is emphasized. A) Accent B) Stereotyping
C) Equivocation D) Ambiguity
9.An erroneous inference from the characteristics of an entire set or group about a
member of that group or set is an example of the
A) fallacy of exclusion. B) fallacy of division.
C) fallacy of ambiguity. D) fallacy of addition.10
10. In ________, one or more of the premises is logically irrelevant, or unrelated,
to the conclusion.
A) fallacies of exclusion B) fallacies of division
C) fallacies of ambiguity D) fallacies of relevance