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International statistics

International statistics

1. Trends in the world population

World population is growing The world’s population almost quadrupled during the 20th century. In 1900, the world population was 1.65 billion and in 2009, the world population is estimated at 6.8 billion.

This trend gained momentum in the 1960s until the 1990s, with a growth rate around 20 per cent every decade. In 2050, the world population is assumed to exceed 9.2 billion.

Figure 1 World population Billion 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Figure 1
World population
Billion
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
1900
1910
1920
1930
1940
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000
2010
2020
2030
2040
2050

Source: UN’s population forecast.

We are also getting older Simultaneously with the growing world population, we also live longer. In 1960, the average life expectancy for all new-born children in the world was 50 years. In 2008, average life expectancy increased to more than 66 years.

In 2050, average life expectancy is assumed to have increased to 76 years. The figures reflect major differences among countries and continents. A Japanese child born in 2008 can expect to reach the age of 82, while a child born in Swaziland in Africa can only expect to live until the age of 40.

Statistical Yearbook 2009

International statistics

International statistics

Figure 2 Average life expectancy for the world’s new-born children Age 80 70 60 50
Figure 2
Average life expectancy for the world’s new-born children
Age
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1955-
1965-
1975-
1985-
1995-
2005-
2015-
2025-
2035-
2045-
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000
2010
2020
2030
2040
2050
Source: UN’s population forecast.
Most people live in Asia
There has been an increase in the world’s population in all continents. As women
in Asia and Africa give birth to a greater number of children, the share of the
world’s population has changed in the continents.
In 1950, the European population accounted for 22 per cent of the world’s total
population, while this share had decreased to 11 per cent in 2006.
Conversely, the Asian population has grown from 56 per cent of the world’s popu-
lation in 1950 to 60 per cent in 2006.
Figure 3
World population by continents
1950
2006
Northern Oceania Africa America Europe Latin America and the Asia Caribbien
Northern
Oceania
Africa
America
Europe
Latin
America
and the
Asia
Caribbien

Northern

Oceania America Africa Europe Latin America and the Caribbien Asia
Oceania
America
Africa
Europe
Latin
America
and the
Caribbien
Asia

Statistical Yearbook 2009

Source: UN’s population forecast.

International statistics

International statistics

2. World economy

Steady growth and increase in world trade During the last 38 years, the world economy has steadily grown by an average real growth of 3.6 per cent per year of the world’s total GDP.

The most marked recessions during the period were seen in 1975, 1982 and 1991, with growth rates as low as 1-2 per cent. In 2008, GDP increased for the world economy as a whole by 4 per cent. Similarly, there has been a general increase in world trade since 1970.

However, growth rates have varied considerably, and for some years, there were negative growth rates (1975 and 1982). In 2008, world trade increased by 4.9 per cent.

In 2001, world trade accounted for a growth rate as low as 0.3 per cent. During recent years, consumer prices (inflation) have been historically low. However, in 2008 inflation in the highly developed countries increased to 3.6 per cent.

Figure 4

Key indicators for the world economy

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

0

Per cent Yearly growth in GDP Trend 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998
Per cent
Yearly growth in GDP
Trend
1970
1974
1978
1982
1986
1990
1994
1998
2002
2006

4

2

0

8

6

4

2

0

2

4

Per cent Yearly growth in world trade Trend 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994
Per cent
Yearly growth in world trade
Trend
1970
1974
1978
1982
1986
1990
1994
1998
2002
2006

18

16

14

12

10

8

6

4

2

0

Per cent Growth in consumer prices Developing countries Industrial countries 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986
Per cent
Growth in consumer prices
Developing
countries
Industrial countries
1970
1974
1978
1982
1986
1990
1994
1998
2002
2006

3. International statistics

Source: IMF – global indicators.

International statistics since 1898 Ever since 1898, Statistical Yearbook has included a chapter on international sta- tistics. Several of the statistics from back then are still shown today. This goes for instance for area and populations in states and territories.

Statistical Yearbook 2009

Since then, some statistics have gone i.e. the emigration to the USA, while others have come such as the EMU debt. The selection of tables is meant to represent con- tinuity as well as timeliness.

International statistics

International statistics

Harmonization The development within the last 100 years has furthermore increased the need for international statistics regarding each country and therefore also comparisons between these countries.

Direct use of national statistics, i.e. each country’s own statistics, for comparison between these countries, is not always possible as calculation methods often vary from country to country.

To ensure such comparability, international organizations go to great lengths to harmonize statistical terms (including establishing common nomenclatures) and calculation methods.

Harmonization can be anything from a set of guidelines (recommendations) to more direct requirements made of the statistical analyses which member countries submit to the relevant organization.

Organizations that publish statistics The most central organizations that publish statistics (which are also included as sources in the section ‘International tables’ in the Statistical Yearbook) are:

Eurostat (Statistical Office of the European Union)

OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development)

UN (United Nations) – including:

- ECE (Economic Commission for Europe)

- FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations)

- ILO (International Labour Organisation)

- IMF (International Monetary Fund)

- UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization)

- WHO (World Health Organization).

- World Bank

International comparable statistics are published as printed statistical publications, as CD-ROMs, and in databases, which can be accessed via links from the website of the organizations publishing statistics.

Statistics Denmark’s Library and Information Statistics Denmark’s Library and Information, which is the central reference library for descriptive statistics, houses Denmark’s largest collection of international sta- tistics.

The collection is constantly expanding and supplemented with the most recent material from the organizations that publish statistics.

In addition to the large number of printed publications and CD-ROMs, the Library also provides access to a great many international databases as well as the Inter- net. The Library is open to the public.

Statistical Yearbook 2009

International statistics

Table 455 (page 1 of 5)

Area and population in states and territories

 

Area

Population

 

Total

Of which

Lastest population census

Population per km 2

Population in urban areas

area

Land area

Year

Number

 

km 2

per cent

 

thousands

 

per cent

Europe 1

23 045 137

96.6

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Albania

28 748

95.3

2001

3 069

107

44

Andorra

464

100.0

2006

 

81

175

93

Belgium

30 528

99.2

01-01-07

10 584

 

347

97

Bosnia and Herzegovina

51 129

100.0

2005

3 910

88

44

Bulgaria

110 994

99.7

2006

7 679

72

70

Cyprus

9 251

99.9

2005

 

836

90

69

Denmark excl. the Faroe Islands and Greenland

43 098

98.5

01-01-09

5 511

128

86

Estonia

45 227

93.7

2005

1 347

30

70

Finland excl. Åland

336 881

90.1

28-02-07

5 279

17

63

France 2

543 965

99.7

2007

63 573

108

76

Faroe Islands

1 399

100.0

01-11-08

 

49

35

39

Gibraltar (only civilian pop.)

6

100.0

2005

29

4 428

100

Greece

131 957

97.7

2005

11 220

 

83

61

Guernsey

63

100.0

2001

 

60

902

.

.

.

Netherlands

41 528

81.6

nov.08

16 479

 

485

68

Belarus

207 600

99.9

2005

9 795

47

71

Ireland

70 273

98.0

2003

4 240

60

60

Iceland

102 819

97.3

01-04-07

 

316

3

93

Italy

301 277

97.6

2007

59 131

194

67

Jan Mayen

377

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Jersey

116

99.8

2001

 

87

750

.

.

.

Kosovo 3

10 887

.

.

.

2000

1 970

 

181

.

.

.

Croatia

56 542

98.9

2005

4 550

78

59

Latvia

64 589

96.1

01-01-06

2 295

37

68

Liechtenstein

160

100.0

2006

 

35

219

23

Lithuania

65 200

99.4

01-01-07

3 384

 

53

67

Luxembourg

2 586

100.0

2005

 

455

175

92

Macedonia

25 713

.

.

.

01-11-02

2 023

79

60

Malta 4

316

100.0

2005

 

405

1 282

 

92

Isle of Man

572

.

.

.

2006

 

80

140

76

Moldova

33 848

.

.

.

2004

3 939

 

129

46

Monaco

2

.

.

.

2000

 

32

21 477

100

Montenegro

13 812

.

.

.

2003

 

620

 

45

.

.

.

Northern Ireland

14 135

.

.

.

2004

1 710

121

.

.

.

Norway

323 802

94.6

01-01-09

4 799

15

78

Poland

312 685

97.4

2005

38 230

122

62

Portugal 5

91 947

99.5

2005

10 528

113

55

Romania

238 391

96.6

01-01-02

21 681

91

55

Russia

17 075 400

.

.

.

01-01-06

142 754

9

73

San Marino

61

100.0

2006

 

30

490

93

Switzerland

41 285

95.8

31-12-06

7 509

188

68

Serbia 3

77 474

99.8

2005

5 466

98

57

Slovakia

49 034

98.1

2005

5 389

110

58

Slovenia

20 273

99.4

31-03-05

1 998

99

51

Spain 6

506 030

98.7

01-01-05

44 108

83

77

United Kingdom

228 938

98.7

2007

60 975

250

89

Svalbard

61 020

.

.

.

01-01-05

 

2

0

.

.

.

Note: Latest population census can contain estimated population. Population pr. km 2 and population in urban areas can concern other years those them in other co- lumns.

1 Incl. Russia. 2 Excl. territories overseas. 3 Separate from Serbia. 4 Incl. Gozo. 5 Incl. Azores and Madeira. 6 Incl. Balearic Islands. the Canary Islands and Spanish North Africa.

Source: The Statesman's Yearbook 2009. Additional source: United Nations: Demographic Yearbook. (United Nations: World Population Data Sheet. Eurostat:

Demographic Statistics). Populations Division of the United Nations Secretariat. World Urbanization Prospects; The 1999 Revision. Demographic Bulletin.

Statistical Yearbook 2009

International tables

Table 455 (page 2 of 5)

Area and population in states and territories

 

Area

Population

 
 

Total

Of which

Lastest population census

 

Population per km 2

Population in urban areas

area

Land area

 
 

Year

Number

 
 

km 2

per cent

 

thousands

 

per cent

Sverige

450 295

91.3

31-12-08

9 256

 

22

 

83

Czech Republic

78 866

98.0

2007

10 287

130

74

Germany

357 116

97.8

31-12-06

82 315

230

88

Ukraine

603 700

96.0

2005

46 481

 

80

67

Hungary

93 030

99.3

2005

10 086

110

65

Vatican City

0

.

.

.

2000

 

1

2 273

100

Austria

83 858

98.7

2006

8 299

 

96

 

66

Åland

1 555

.

.

.

31-12-05

 

27

17

.

.

.

Africa

30 260 680

97.8

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Central African Republic Comoros Congo Demogrcratic Republic (Zaire) Congo Republic of Djibouti Egypt Cote d’Ivoire Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Cape Verde Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Madagascar Malawi Mali Morocco Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Réunion Rwanda Sao Tome and Principe Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone

2 381 741 1 246 600 112 622 581 730 270 764 27 834 475 440 622 984 1 862 2 344 798 341 821 23 200 1 001 450 322 460 121 100 1 127 127 267 667 10 689 238 533 245 857 36 125 4 033 582 646 30 355 99 065 1 759 540 587 041 118 484 1 248 574 458 730 1 030 700 2 040

100.0

2005

32 850

12

59

100.0

2005

16 100

13

36

98.2

2002

6 770

60

45

97.4

2005

1 840

 

3

52

99.9

2006

13 730

 

51

 

18

92.3

2005

7 859

282

10

97.9

2005

17 800

 

37

51

99.9

2003

3 895

 

6

43

100.0

2003

 

576

309

 

35

96.7

2005

58 741

 

25

32

99.9

2005

3 610

11

54

99.9

2005

 

804

35

84

99.4

2005

72 850

59

58

98.6

2005

18 590

48

45

.

.

.

2005

4 527

37

20

90.6

2005

78 990

70

16

95.9

2005

1 291

 

5

84

80.6

2003

1 364

128

 

26

95.4

2005

22 535

 

79

45

99.9

2005

9 003

29

35

77.9

2005

1 597

44

34

100.0

2005

 

507

108

56

98.1

2005

35 599

 

55

39

100.0

2006

1 872

62

18

86.5

2005

3 442

35

45

100.0

2003

5 678

 

3

86

99.1

2005

18 643

 

32

 

27

79.4

2005

13 226

84

16

98.4

2005

11 611

 

8

32

99.9

2004

29 536

 

42

 

57

100.0

2005

2 963

 

2

62

99.5

2003

1 223

576

 

43

376

.

.

.

2003

 

183

426

.

.

.

799 380 825 112 1 186 408 923 768 2 507 25 314 1 001 196 722

97.8

2007

20 531

 

26

36

99.9

2005

2 020

 

2

32

100.0

2005

13 264

9

22

98.6

2006

140 004

152

 

47

99.6

2005

 

785

291

90

93.7

2002

8 129

321

18

100.0

2005

 

153

163

38

97.9

2005

11 660

 

54

50

455

100.0

2006

 

85

166

50

71 740

99.8

2004

4 977

 

69

39

Table 455 (page 3 of 5)

Area and population in states and territories

 

Area

Population

 
 

Total

Of which

Lastest population census

 

Population per km 2

Population in urban areas

area

Land area

 
 

Year

Number

 
 

km 2

per cent

 

thousands

 

per cent

Somalia

637 657

98.4

2005

8 196

13

33

Saint Helena

122

100.0

2001

 

5

53

35

Sudan

2 505 810 17 363 1 219 090 942 799 1 284 000 56 785 164 150 241 548 252 120 752 612 390 757 28 051

94.8

2005

36 900

 

14

39

Swaziland

99.1

2005

1 125

54

24

South Africa

100.0

30-06-06

47 391

31

60

Tanzania

93.5

2002

35 615

36

35

Chad

98.1

2005

10 146

8

25

Togo

95.8

2005

6 240

110

35

Tunesia

94.5

2004

9 911

60

64

Uganda

81.7

2002

24 442

101

12

Western Sahara

.

.

.

2004

 

356

1

95

Zambia

98.8

2005

11 478

13

36

Zimbabwe

99.0

2002

11 632

30

35

Equatorial Guinea

100.0

2005

 

484

18

48

America

42 531 094

96.7

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Virgin Islands (U.S.) Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina 1 Aruba Bahamas Barbados Belize Bermuda Bolivia Brazil

346

100.0

2002

123

811

92

155

.

.

.

2001

12

75

11

442

.

.

.

2002

67

153

38

2 780 400

98.4

2001

36 260

13

90

180

.

.

.

2000

 

91

503

.

.

.

13 939

100.0

2005

323

20

89

430

100.0

2005

270

628

52

22 964

99.3

2007

312

10

51

53

100.0

2005

64

1 164

.

.

.

1 098 581 8 514 877

98.7

2005

9 180

 

8

64

99.5

2007

183 889

22

83

Virgin Islands (British) Canada Cayman Islands

151

100.0

2000

 

20

126

61

9 984 670

91.1

2006

31 613

3

80

259

100.0

2005

 

52

203

.

.

.

Chile

1

756 096 1 141 748 51 100 110 861

99.0

2002

15 116

20

87

Colombia

91.2

2005

42 091

37

76

Costa Rica

99.9

2005

4 330

71

61

Cuba

99.1

2002

11 178

101

76

Dominica

750

.

.

.

2001

 

71

95

72

Dominican Republic

48 137

99.3

2002

8 563

169

59

Ecuador

272 045

97.6

2001

12 157

45

62

El Salvador

21 041

98.8

2005

6 670

317

59

Falkland Islands

12 200

100.0

2001

 

2

0

79

French Guiana

85 534

97.9

2005

 

192

 

2

75

Grenada

344

.

.

.

2001

103

298

41

Greenland 2

2 166 086 1 631 108 889 214 999 27 700

100.0

01-01-07

57

0

83

Guadeloupe

98.8

2005

453

246

99

Guatemala

99.6

2002

11 237

103

46

Guyana

91.6

2002

 

751

3

38

Haiti

99.3

2003

7 929

286

37

Netherlands Antilles

800

100.0

2005

 

186

259

70

Honduras

112 492 10 991 1 128 1 964 375

99.8

2005

6 830

58

54

Jamaica

98.5

2005

2 680

237

57

Martinique

96.4

2005

 

396

338

95

Mexico

97.5

2005

103 263

53

76

1 Excl. Antartis. 2 The area not covered by ice comprises 410.449 km 2 corresponding to a population density of 0.1.

Statistical Yearbook 2009

International tables

Table 455 (page 4 of 5)

Area and population in states and territories

 

Area

Population

 

Total

Of which

Lastest population census

Population per km 2

Population in urban areas

area

Land area

 

Year

Number

 
 

km 2

per cent

 

thousands

 

per cent

Montserrat Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines South Georgia Surinam Trinidad and Tobago Turks and Caicos Islands United States Uruguay Venezuela

102

.

.

.

2001

 

4

.

.

.

.

.

.

131 812 75 001 406 752 1 285 216 8 871

92.1

2005

5 142

39

57

99.5

2005

3 232

38

57

97.7

2002

5 163

13

57

99.6

2005

26 152

20

74

100.0

2007

3 941

1 112

 

94

269

.

.

.

2001

 

46

 

166

32

617

.

.

.

2005

161

256

30

242

95.8

1999

 

6

28

32

389

.

.

.

2003

 

106

 

273

58

163 820

95.5

2004

493

3

74

340

.

.

.

2004

 

0

.

.

.

.

.

.

5 128

100.0

2005

1 324

246

75

500

100.0

2006

 

33

32

45

9 826 629 176 215 916 445

93.2

2007

301 621

31

21

98.5

2004

3 241

18

92

96.7

2005

26 726

25

88

Asia

31 738 931

97.2

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Afghanistan Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia Philippines United Arab Emirates Georgia Hong Kong India 1 Indonesia (incl. East Timor) Iraq Iran. Islamic Republic of Israel 2 Gaza Strip West Bank Japan (incl. Ryukyu Islands) Jordan Kazakhstan China Kyrgyzstan Kuwait Lao PDR. Lebanon Macau Malaysia Maldives Mongolia

645 807

100.0

2005

25 070

31

22

29 743

94.6

2001

3 213

108

64

86 600

100.0

01-01-04

8 266

92

52

720

100.0

2003

 

689

957

90

147 570 46 650 5 765 181 035 300 076 83 600 69 700 1 103 3 166 285 1 890 754 434 128 1 648 195 22 072

90.4

2001

142 167

843

24

100.0

2005

 

672

14

8

91.3

2005

374

58

76

97.5

2005

13 956 84 566 4 104 4 372 6 708 1 103 370 226 060 27 996 70 473 6 990 1 325 2 311 127 768 5 371 15 211 1 242 612 5 204 2 213 5 610 4 010

54

19

99.4

2005

255

61

100.0

2005

49

85

.

.

.

2002

76

52

92.5

2001

6 237

 

100

90.4

2005

 

325

28

95.1

 

2005

102

45

99.8

2005

51

68

99.3

2006

43

67

97.9

2005

313

92

365

100.0

2004

2 808

 

94

5 651 377 915 89 342 2 724 900 9 572 900 199 900 17 818 236 800 10 452

100.0

2004

 

333

.

.

.

99.7

01-10-05

343

66

99.7

2004

57

79

98.3

2005

6

56

97.2

01-11-00

130

44

96.6

2005

24

34

100.0

2005

124

96

97.5

2005

24

21

98.4

2005

384

88

27

100.0

31-12-03

 

448

16 428

 

99

329 847

99.6

2005

25 653

 

71

64

298

100.0

2006

 

299

1 003

 

29

1 565 008

100.0

2005

2 581

 

2

57

1 Excl. areas occupied by China in Jammu and Kashmir. 2 Incl. Golan Heigt and East Jerusalem etc.

Statistical Yearbook 2009

International tables

Table 455 (page 5 of 5)

Area and population in states and territories

 

Area

Population

 
 

Total

Of which

Lastest population census

 

Population per km 2

Population in urban areas

area

Land area

 
 

Year

Number

 
 

km 2

per cent

 

thousands

 

per cent

Myanmar Nepal Korea. DPR. Oman Pakistan 1 Qatar Saudi Arabia Singapore Sri Lanka Korea. Republic of Syria 2 Tajikistan Taiwan Thailand Turkmenistan Turkey Uzbekistan Viet Nam Yemen East Timor

676 577 147 181 122 762 309 500 796 095 11 493 2 149 690

97.2

2005

47 970

75

30

97.2

2005

29 094

157

15

99.9

2005

23 616

167

81

100.0

2003

2 341

8

78

96.8

2005

158 801

168

34

100.0

2004

 

744

65

92

100.0

2004

22 678

11

88

682

98.4

2006

4 484

6 572

100

65 610

98.5

2005

20 743

 

286

21

99 585

99.5

01-01-05

47 279

474

80

185 180

99.2

2005

18 894

103

50

143 100

98.3

2005

6 550

43

25

36 188

100.0

2001

22 406

619

.

.

.

513 115

99.6

2005

63 003

119

32

448 100

96.3

2005

4 833

10

45

780 580

99.3

2005

72 970

81

66

447 400

92.6

2005

26 593

59

37

332 934

98.1

2005

85 029

229

26

555 000

100.0

2004

19 685

35

26

15 410

.

.

.

2004

 

954

60

8

Oceania

8 515 347

99.1

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

American Samoa Australia Cocos Islands Cook Islands (excl. Niue) Fiji French Polynesia Guam Heard and McDonald Islands Christmas Island Kiribati Marshall Islands Micronesia Nauru New Sjælland Niue Norfolk Island New Caledonia Northern Mariane Islands Palau Papua New Guinea Pitcairn Solomon Islands Tokelau Islands Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu Western Samoa Wallis and Futuna Antarctica

200

100.0

2000

57

286

89

7 703 354

100.0

30-06-06

19 855

3

75

14

100.0

2001

 

1

.

.

.

.

.

.

235

100.0