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Tire Performance Benchmark Of All Season Tires

175/65 R14 82T


Abstract of Test Report No. 76230122/2

TÜV SÜD Automotive GmbH


TÜV SÜD Automotive
Project
Description

Objective

The objective of this project was, to benchmark the performance


of 175/65 R14 82T passenger car all season tires of different
makes against each other with special regards to their safety on:

Snow surface Ice surface Wet surface

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Scope

Safety on snow-covered surfaces

Measurement of acceleration time from 5-30 kph with electronic


Acceleration traction control (ETC) switched on

Braking Measurement of braking distance from 50-10 kph (ABS braking)

Subjective assessment of ride and handling criteria and timed laps


Handling on a snow-covered handling circuit

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Scope

Safety on icy surfaces

Measurement of acceleration time from 8-16 kph with electronic


Acceleration traction control (ETC) switched off

Braking Measurement of braking distance from 20-8 kph (ABS braking)

Measurement of lap times on an icy circular test track driving at


Lateral Grip constant speed at the stability limits with electronic stability
systems (ESP) switched off

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Scope

Safety on wet roads

Measurement of braking distance from 80-20 kph (ABS braking) on:


Braking - wetted asphalt (low µ)
- wetted asphalt (high µ)

Subjective assessment of ride and handling criteria and timed laps on


Handling
an artificially wetted handling circuit
Aquaplaning Measurement of the transmittable lateral forces when cornering
curved through a water basin
Aquaplaning Measurement of the aquaplaning speed at 15% slip in a water basin
longitudinal of 9 mm water depth

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Test Population

All season tires 175/65R14 82T

Manufacturer Commercial name Tread design

Goodyear Vector 4Seasons

Hankook Centum H 720

Vredestein Quatrac 2

Control tire: Goodyear Vector 4Seasons

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Test Vehicles

VOLKSWAGEN POLO Mk IV
The tests were performed with
three differently equipped test vehicles
specified as follows:
Snow performance (1.4 TDI):
Engine type 3 cyl. 1.4l turbo diesel engine, direct injection
Max. Engine power 51 kW / 4000 min-1
Max. Engine torque 155 Nm / 1600 min-1
Max. Speed 164 kph
Max. Permissible weight 1650 kg

Ice performance (1.4 TDI, blue motion):


Engine type 3 cyl. 1.4l turbo diesel engine, direct injection
Max. Engine power 59 kW / 4000 min-1
Max. Engine torque 195 Nm / 2200 min-1
Max. Speed 176 kph
Max. Permissible weight 1550 kg
(Picture exemplarily)
Wet performance (1.9 TDI):
Body 5-door saloon Engine type 4 cyl. 1.9l turbo diesel engine, direct injection
Gearbox 5-speed manual transmission Max. Engine power 74 kW / 4000 min-1
front Max. Engine torque 240 Nm / 1800 min-1
Drive concept
Max. Speed 188 kph
Max. Permissible weight 1680 kg

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Test Details
Performance

General Key Points

• Results show percent evaluation in comparison to the performance of


the Goodyear tire:
- value above 100 % = better
- value below 100 % = worse

• One tire make selected as control tire (except aquaplaning straight and
curved), re-tested at end of each complete sequence in order to
consider potential changes of test conditions, (e.g. temperature, test
track characteristics).

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Test Details
Aquaplaning Long.

Key Points

Test vehicle equipped with GPS-based speed measuring device


and rotation wheel spin sensors on both front wheels
• Driving: Constant speed while running into a flooded water basin
(approximate water depth 9 mm) on one side of the car. The other side
still on dry asphalt.
• Test: Acceleration with full throttle when entering the water basin.
Speed and wheel spin are recorded. The corresponding vehicle speed
to a wheel spin difference of 15% represents the aquaplaning speed.

• Aquaplaning longitudinal: Characterized by maximally reached


aquaplaning speed. Four valid runs in same gear.

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Test Details
Aquaplaning Curved

Key Points

Test vehicle equipped with GPS-based speed measuring


device and lateral acceleration sensor

• Driving: Constant speed & steering angle on dry asphalt circle with
an approx. 20 m water flooded segment.

• Test: Lateral acceleration and speed recorded when vehicle enters the
flooded segment (triggered by light barrier). The vehicle speed is
increased run by run until clear decrease of lateral acceleration occurs.

• Aquaplaning in corners: Characterized by maximally transmittable


lateral acceleration as well as decreasing characteristics after
reaching the maximum (the flatter the gradient, the easier to control)

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Test Details
Acceleration On Ice And
Snow-Covered Roads
Key Points

Test vehicle equipped with GPS-based speed measurement


device
• Driving: Vehicle is accelerated with full throttle on a straight test track.
On snow surface with traction control switched on, on ice off.
• Test: Acceleration time between determined initial and end speed is
recorded.

• Acceleration: Mean acceleration is calculated based on 8 values.

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Test Details
Braking on ice, wet and
snow-covered roads
Key Points

Test vehicle equipped with GPS-based speed measurement


device
• Driving: Deceleration with full pedal pressure on a straight test track
(ABS braking).
• Test: Braking distance between determined initial and end speed is
recorded.

• Deceleration: Mean deceleration is calculated based on 8 values.

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Test Details
Lateral Ice Grip

Key Points

Test vehicle equipped with laptiming device


• Driving: Constant speed & steering angle on an iced circle within
the stability limits (excessive under- / oversteering is avoided).
• Test: Lap time is recorded.

• Lateral acceleration: The mean lateral acceleration is calculated based


on 8 values.

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Test Details
Handling on wet and
snow-covered roads
Key Points

Test vehicle equipped with laptiming device


• Driving: Test vehicle driven within its stability limits by experienced
test drivers on special handling circuits (ESP off / ABS on). Excessive
under- / oversteering is avoided (striving for maximum reproducibility)

• Test: Lap times are recorded. Handling & ride characteristics are
subjectively assessed.

• Handling characteristics: The driver evaluates the different performance


criteria using a 10-point scale where a 10 is the max. reachable mark. A
mean value is calculated thereof. The laptimes support the
reproducibility and a mean speed is generated of 3 valid runs.

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Results
Snow Performance

Performance on snow-covered tracks


80% 85% 90% 95% 100% 105%

Goodyear Vector 4Seasons 100,0%


Acceleration Hankook 95,0%
Vredestein 93,3%

Goodyear Vector 4Seasons 100,0%


Braking Hankook 93,2%
Vredestein 97,6%

Goodyear Vector 4Seasons 100,0%


Handling Hankook 96,5%
Vredestein 97,6%

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Results
Ice Performance

Performance on icy tracks


70% 75% 80% 85% 90% 95% 100% 105%

Goodyear Vector 4Seasons 100,0%


Acceleration Hankook 94,2%
Vredestein 94,7%

Goodyear Vector 4Seasons 100,0%


Braking Hankook 89,0%
Vredestein 86,0%

Goodyear Vector 4Seasons 100,0%


Lateral Grip Hankook 94,8%
Vredestein 103,0%

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Results
Wet Performance

Performance on artificially wetted tracks


75% 80% 85% 90% 95% 100% 105%

Aquaplaning
Goodyear Vector 4Seasons 100,0%
Hankook 93,9%
(straight) Vredestein 94,3%

Aquaplaning
Goodyear Vector 4Seasons 100,0%
Hankook 94,8%
(curved) Vredestein 95,9%

Braking
Goodyear Vector 4Seasons 100,0%
Hankook 85,4%
(low µ) Vredestein 96,5%

Braking
Goodyear Vector 4Seasons 100,0%
Hankook 91,0%
(high µ) Vredestein 98,2%

Goodyear Vector 4Seasons 100,0%


Handling Hankook 94,1%
Vredestein 97,6%

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