Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 48

VHF FM TRANSCEIVER

TK-250

SERVICE

I REVISED I

MANUAL

KENWOOD

© 1995-4 PRINTED IN JAPAN B51-8279-20 (B) 1558

Knob(PTl) (K29-4917 -02) --

Dressing panel

(A21 -1544-03)

This service manual is the same as the service manual

(851-8279-10) for TK-250 (K , K2, Mand M2 destina- tions ) except th at th is manual contains new items (T, E destinations).

Antenna

(T90- *)

Knob(CHANNEL

SELECTOR)

(K29-4920-03)

 

Knob(VOLUME)

(K29-4918-03)

Badge

(B43-11oo-04)

Cabinet

--

(A02-1829-01)

Use it together

with the previous

service manual (851-

8279-10).

 

CONTENTS

 

GEN ERAL •

•.•.•.••

•.•••

•.•

•••

•.••.•

 

2

DISASSEMBL

Y FOR REPAIR

•.•.•

•.•

•.••.•

3

INST ALLA TION .•

•.•.•.•.••.•

•.•.••.•.•••.•

 

•.•.••.

5

REALIGNMENT

.••

•.•.•

•.•.••••

•.•

•.•

•.•.•.•.••

 

8

CIRCUIT

DESCRIPTION

•.•••

•.•

••

•••.•.•

•.••.•.•

••

16

SEMICONDUCTOR

 

DATA

•.•.• •.•.•.•

 

••.•.•.•

24

DESCRIPTION

OF COMPONENTS

•.•.•

 

••.•.•.•.

31

PARTS

LIST

•.• ••.••.•

•.•.••

•.•

•.•

33

EXPLODED

ViEW

•.•.••

•.•.•

•.•.••

40

PACKING

•.•

••••.•

••

•.•

 

•.•.•.•

42

TERMINAL

FUNCTION

•.••.•.•

•.•.•

•.•

•.••.

43

ADJUSTMENT

•.•

•.•.••

•.•

 

•.••••.•.•.•.•

•.••

46

PC BOARD

VIEWS

 

VCO UNIT(X58-4130-10)

•.•

••••••••.•.•.•.••

•.•••.

51

VCO UNIT(X58-4290-50)

•.•.• •.•.••.•.•

 

••.•.•.•

52

TX-RX

UNIT(X57-444X-XX)

(A/3)

 

•.•.•.•.•.•

 

53

TX-RX

UNIT(X57-444X-XX)

(B/3)

•.••••.•.•.•.•

57

TX-RX

UNIT(X57-4442-71)

(A/3)

•.•.•.•.•••.•.•

•.••.

61

TX-RX

UNIT(X57-4442-71)

(B/3)

•.•

•.•.•.•.•.•

•.

65

TX-RX

UNIT(X57-444X-XX)

(C/3)

•.•.•.•

69

SCHEMATIC

DIAGRAM

•.••.•.•.•.•.••

 

•••.•.•.•••• •.

73

BLOCK

DIAGRAM

• •.•.•.•.••.•

•.•.•.• ••.•

 

81

LEVEL

DIAGRAM

• ••.••.• •.•••

• •.•.•.•.•

 

•••

83

KDM-7(DTMF

KEY PAD)

•.•.•.•.•

••••.••.•.••

•.

84

KHS-1

(HEAD

SET WITH

VOX & PTT)

•.•.•.••••

•••

84

KSC-76

(MULTIPLE

RAPID

CHARGER)

•.•

•.•

••.

86

KSC-8

(COMPACT

CHARGER)

•••.•.•.•

 

•.••.• ••.••••

89

KSC-86

(MULTIPLE

CHARGER)

•.•.•

•.•

90

KNB-11

A/12A(Ni-Cd

BA TTERY)

••

•.•••

•••.•.•.

93

KPG-22(PC

PROGRAM

INTERFACE)

•.•.•.••••.•

••

93

SPECIFICATIONS

•.•.•.•.•.•.•.•.•

 

BACK

COVER

*Refer to parts list on

CAUTION :

When using an extemal power connector,

page 33.

please use with maximum final module

TK-250

GENERAL

INTRODUCTION

SCOPE OF THIS MANUAL

This

manual

is intended

for

use

by experienced

technicians

familiar

with

similar

types

of commercial

grade

quired service information for the equipment and is current as of the publication data. Changes which may occur af ter publication are covered by either Service Bulletins or Manual Revisions. These are issued as required.

re-

communications

equipment.

It contains

all

ORDERING REPLACEMENT PARTS

When ordering replacement parts or equipment in-

formation,

included. This applies to all parts : components, kits, or chassis. If the part number is not known, include the

the full part identification

number

should be

chassis or kit number

of which

it

is a part,

and a suffi-

cient description

of the required component

for proper

identification.

PERSONNEL

SAFETY

The following

 

precautions

are recommended

for

personnel

safety

:

• DO NOT transmit

until all RF connectors

are verified

secure and any open connectors nated.

are properly termi-

• SHUT OFF and

DO NOT operate

this

equipment

near electrical mosphere.

blasting

caps or in an explosive

at-

• This equipment

should

be serviced

by a qualified

technician

only.

SERVICE

This

the schematic diagrams, printed circuit board views, and alignment procedures contained within.

radio is designed

for easy

servicing.

Refer to

NOTE

WE CANNOT

guarantee

oscillator

stability

wh en

uSlng channel

element

manufactured

by other

than

KENWOOD or its authorized

agents.

Version

0

0

45.505MHz

45.505MHz

45.05MHz150-174MHz

45.05MHz136-150MHz

OP

ChargerBattery

LOC

LOC

Frequency

OP

OP

OP

range OT/DOTRemarks

IF1 IF1

Frequency

~

TX

table tor using user mode at time ot shipment

RX

RX

RX

RX

RX

RX

RX

RX

- -

-

162.600MHz

162.500MHz

162.550MHz

ADD141.3Hz

ADD143.550MHz023N

ADD151.4Hz

162.650MHz 143.650MHzDEL151.4Hz

173.975MHz149.975MHz

150.000MHz136.000MHz

162.000MHz143.000MHz

150.100MHz136.100MHz

173.900MHz149.900MHz

162.100MHz143.100MHz

162.550MHz

DEL

DEL

DEL

143.600MHzADD162.2Hz

143.550MHz

(TYPESCAN2)

143.500MHz

K2,M2

(TYPE 1)

K,M,T,E

OT/DOT

TK-250

DISASSEMBL Y FOR REPAIR

1.

Loosen

the

two

screws

( 0

) and

remove

the

frame

assembly

from the case.

 

Note:

The case is stiff because of internal waterproofing. To avoid

marring the set wh en pulling it out, use a screwdriver covered

with a piece of cloth to depress the + side of the main unit báttery connector and remove the case.

2. Remove the two shield plate screws ( f.) ), the speaker

connector, the three contral printed circuit board screws

( @ ) and the two side switch FPC screws

( 0 ).

3. Flip over the control printed circuit board and remove the

three connectors ( 0 ).

TK-250

DISASSEMBL Y FOR REPAIR

h

two

knobs

(0)

an

d

the

three

roun d nuts

4.

Remo,e1hte.the "ngs

stmattached.

d

cemo,e the d;splay

 

~v

( IJ

) w,

I

{ lil I sllghtly an

(

Ii>

land

(;)

t@

Spcead the pane

the panel

gcoo'es 51

i!f(}

0

sectIon

1abs;; ~/

~::

cemo,e connec1ocCN4

.

cemo'e

the d

p

I!!i»,

~'~~

è;U ~J'

o

'è~

Ii~

~f?C ~~~

~<'G~~I 'O~~

~

(i; / o

~~~~X~~

5.

Remove the final

shield

plate,

re move

the

two

screws

((i)), the three TX-RX printed circuit

board

screws

( (D ),

and the two

shield

cover

attachment

screws

(e),

and

remove

the shield

cover.

Remove

the two

antenna co-

axial connector

screws

(~

)

and re move the seven sol-

dered connections

( ~

).You can now remove the TX-RX

unit.

6. Remove the nine soldered connections ( ~) and remove

the

printed circuit board.

shield

plate

and

the

final

module

from

the

TX-RX

INSTALLATION

DRESSING

PANEL

(ACCESSORIES)

1.

Pee10ft the right-hand side ( the shorter section) of the

brown

backing

mate rial ( 0 )on the back side.

2.

In the

despression

on the TK-250's

top

side, apply

the

adhesive

sheet

(see Step

1. above)

from

the

left-hand

side, and align it properly. The sheet adhesive is very

strong, so please align carefully.

 

Press the exposed port ion of the adhesive surface firmly

into place

( f) ).

3.

Pee10ft the remainder of the brown backing material (@) )

on the back unit.

side and press ( 0 )the sheet onto the main

4.

Remove the backing

material

( 0 ) from

the front

si de

and press the dressing panel ( 0 )into place.

TK-250

TK-250

INSTALLATION

DTMF UNIT(KDM-7 METHOD

Option) ATTACHMENT

Keyboard

1.

Pee10ft

attachment

the right-hand

side ( the

shorter

section)

yellow backing

material ( 0 )on the back side.

of the

2. In the depession on the TK-250's top side, apply the

adhesive sheet ( see

side, and align it properly. The sheet adhesive is very

strong, so please align carefully.

Step

1. above)

from the left-hand

Press the exposed

portion

of the adhesive

surface

firmly

into place (@).

3. Pee10ft the remainder

of the yellow backing

material( @) )

( e )the sheet onto the main

on the back side and press unit.

4. Remove the backing

and press the keyboard

material

(

( 0 )into place.

(1)

)

from

the front

side

INSTALLATION

Keypad attachment

method

5.

Loosen

the two

screws

(

0 ) on

the

underside

of the

frame

assembly

and

remove

the

frame

assembly from

the case.

Note:

The case is stift because of internal waterproofing. To avöid

marring the set when pulling it out, use a screwdriver covered

with a piece of cloth to depress the + side of the main unit battery connector and remove the case.

6. Remove

the

two

screws

( (j)

) and

remove

the

shield

plate.

Insert the

keypad

flat cable

into the connector(CN204),

fold

cushion is inserted ( 0 ),and with the keypad bent back

out of the way, press it into place.

the

the

flat

cable

as shown

in

the

figure,

so that

7.

While

pressing

on the

flat cable

of the

keypad,

bend

it

under

the shield

plate,

" sandwich"

it there, replace the

shield plate and tighten the screws.

Pee10ft the keypad adhesive's backing material ( @ ),

align the projections

( 11 ) in the keypad, press it firmly into place and return

atop the shield plate with the holes

the frame assembly to the case.

TK-250

mode

de de

TK-250

I

rl

Channel

I

~H Channel-setting mode

I

Tuning mode

I

User mode

No. Clear function

I

I I

11

I

Clone mode

Self program ming mode

REALIGNMENT

transceiver.

Mode

Normal use

Oestination data, function data, and channel data settings are transferred from or to another

TheOestinationtransceiverdata,tuningfunctionin thisdata,mode.and channelRealignmentsettingsmethodare transferredrefer to AOJUJSTMENT.from or to an IBM PC.

The dealer sets the functions in this mode. Function

The dealer sets each channel in this mode.

Initializes the function and eh contents.

2. Self programmnig

Wh en conducting

self programming

unit (B/3) chip jumper(R332).

(clear function mode,

Note:

Self programming one without FPU.

is 32ch model setting function for

Setting methads are follows 4-1 , 4-2, 4-3. Other func-

tions can't be used on self programming .

channel setting mode, function setting mode, ) , please remove the TX-RX

3. How to enter each mode

Mode

Power ON

[LAMP][PC[LAMP]Mode]++ [LO][DIA]+ [DIA]++PowerPowerONON(two(twoseconds)seconds)

Operation

ANT

LED

<LEFT SIDE VIEW>

REALIGNMENT

<TOP VIEW>

LCD

TOP PANEL KEY

<FRONT VIEW>

CHANNEL

VOU

TK-250

SELECTOR

KNOB

POWER SW

<RIGHT SIDE VIEW>

LAMP

PANEL or

DTMF KEY PAD(Option)

DRESSING

<LCD>

SP! MIC JACK

LO

SCN

BUSY

TA

MON

CALL

Bê tB. tB. tB. tB.

TK-250

REALIGNMENT

4. Test mode

In the test mode, the dealer initializes E2PROM data, and tun-

ing the trsansceiver and sets functions and channel data.

Procedure

1) Press LAMP, DIA together and turn power on. Hold LAMP and DIA until " SEL " appears on LCD.

tl·,'j',~t/-'1,iT;;

-- )fiX! /fj /f}

ij & :.':0"

0

0'

•0

Test mode display

2) If the [LAMP] key is held down and the [LO] key pressec when SEL is displayed, E2PROM data (except destinatior data) is initialized. When the [LO] key is pressed, the tunin~ mode is entered. When the [TA] key is pressed, the sel

programmnig mOde(function-setting mode) is entered When the [DIA] key is pressed, the self programmin~ mode(channel-setting mode) is entered.

Test mode

[LAMP] [DIA] [TA] [LO] I ---------, I I I I I I I I I
[LAMP]
[DIA]
[TA]
[LO]
I
---------,
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
:
Self programmnig
mode
:
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
_I
4-1 Self programming mode (Clear function)
Test mode
The clear function
initializes the memory
before the dealer
[DIA]
sets functions
and channels.
The memory
is not initial-
ized
at the factory.
If the
[LAMP]
key is held down
and
Channel setting
the
[LO] key
pressed
in the
test
mode,
the
rnemory
is
[PTT]
initialized(then
display
indicate
CLR
while
it
is being
cleared),
and the test mode returns.
1. Receive trequency setting
4-2 Self programming mode(Channel-setting
mode)
[PTT]

In the self programming mode(channel-setting mode), the receive frequency, receive signaling, transmit frequency, and transmit signaling for each channel are set.

NOTE:

Self program ming mode is function for 32ch model.

When

has been 32ch. To 160ch version , set on for using FPU.

entered

Self programming

mode,

channel

setting

1) Receive frequency setting mode

" is

displayed. If the [LO] key is pressed, the initial frequency

E2PROM, the

frequency is displayed.

If the [TA] key is pressed, the step changes between 5 kHz and 6.25kHz. (Initial value : 6.25kHz)

If the channel selector is turned, the frequency changes

in steps. If the [LAMP] key

selector turned, the 1MHz digit is incremented or decre-

ment. If the [PTT] key is pressed, the display frequency is written into the E2PROM, and the receive signaling setting mode is entered.

is displayed.

If there is no data stored

If there

in the

E2PROM

,

in the

"

-

-

-

-

-

is data

stored

is held down and the channel

2) Receive signalling setting mode

If there

is

displayed.

of

the

data stored

" 67.0

inital

no

data

stored

in the

E2PROM

,

"

initialOT

-

-

-

"

value

is

If the [LO] key is pressed,

" is displayed.

DOT value

of

If the

" 023N

the

[LO] key is

pressed

again,

is

" is displayed.

If there

in the E2PROM, the signalling

is displayed.

2. Receive signalling setting

[PTT]

3. Transmit trequency setting

IPTT]

4. Transmit signalling setting

[PTT]

5. SCAN Deletel Add tor each channel

[PTT]

6. Busy channellockout

7. RF power

8. Beat shift

[PTT]

[PTT]

[DIA]

REALIGNMENT

TK-250

If the [TA] key is pressed

:

OT

DOT

: the mode changes

between

the fine tuning

mode.

the EIA mode and

: the

variabie

the second

digit

changes

from

to the first and back

the

third

to the third.

to

Selection

in the standard

table

023,024

.

Selection

at every step

777 •

000

001

007

010

If the [DIA]

key is pressed

 

:

OT

: Nothing

changes.

 

DOT

: The mode

changes

between

normal

and

in-

verse. If the channel selector

is turned

:

OT

DOT

: The frequency

: The code

changes.

changes.

If the [PTT]

key is pressed,

the display

signalling

is writ-

ten into the E2PROM, and the transmit mode is entered.

frequency

setting

3) Transmit frequency setting mode

If there is no data stored in the E2PROM , " - - -- -- - " is

displayed. If the [LO] key is pressed, the receive frequency for that channel is displayed. If there is data stored in the E2PROM, the frequency is displayed. Ifthe [TA] key is pressed, the step changes between 5kHz and 6.25kHz. (initial 6.25kHz)

If the channel selector is turned, the frequency changes in steps. If the [LAMP] key is held down and the çhannel

selector turned, the 1 MHz digit is incremented or

decremented. If the [PTT] key is pressed, the display fre-

quency

nalling setting

is written

into the E2PROM, and the transmit

is entered.

sig-

mode

4) Transmit signalling setting mode

is

displayed.

of "67.0" is displayed.

the initial DOT value of "023N" is displayed. If there is

data stored

If the [TA] key is pressed

If th ere

is

no

data

stored

in the

E2PROM,

"

-- -

--

"

If the

[LO] key

is pressed,

the intial OT value

again,

If the

[LO] key is pressed

in the E2PROM, the signalling

:

is displayed.

OT

: The

mode changes

between

the EIA mode

and the fine tuning

mode.

DOT

: The

variabie

digit changes

from

the third to

the second

to the first and back

to the third.

Selection

in the standard

table

023,024

.

Selection

at every step

777 •

If the [DIA]

000

• •

001

key is pressed

:

007

010

OT

: Nothing

changes.

DOT

: The mode changes verse.

between

normal

and

in

If the channel

selector

is turned

:

OT

: The frequency

changes.

DOT

: The code

changes.

If the [PTT] key is pressed,

the display

signalling

is writ-

ten into the E2PROM , and the receive frequency setting mode is entered.

5) SCAN DELETE/ADD activity

When the channel selector

is turned,

the display changes.

DEL •

ADD

 

6) Busy channellockout

 

When the channel selector

is turned,

the display changes.

OFF •

ON

7) RF power activity

 

When the channel selector

is turned,

the display changes.

H

M

L

8) Beat shift activity

 

When the channel selector

is turned,

the display changes.

ON

•OFF

 

When 32channels have been set, "END" is displayed. If

the [DIA] key is pressed while "END" is beeing displayed,

the test mode returns (SEL is displayed). If the [PTT] key

mode for one

channel

is

pressed

, the receive is entered.

frequency

setting

TK-250

REALIGNMENT

4-3 Self programming mode{Function-setting

8. Monitor mode set

7. Power select activity

6. Talk arround activity

3. Time-out timer

9. Beep mode set

4. Scan

5.

2.

END

,

,

,

[PlT]

[PlT]

[PlT]

.!~

~

Battery saver

1. Destination set

Delate/ Add activity

[PTT]

G

---

--

--

Test mode

[TA]

[~~

[J~

[J~

~

mode)

In the self programming mode(function-setting

mode). the

functions

key

are set in the order listed below. When the [PTI]

presed,

the

displayed

data

is written

into

the

is

E2PROM, and the next item can be set.

(

): Initial value

1) Destination set

When

changes.

the

channel

selector

is turned,

r UHF1 •

•UHF2

•UHF3

•UHF4

•VHF1

the

display

VHF21

Destination setting configuration

Code

UHF2UHF1UHF3450490-512470-49045.05MHz45.05MHzLOWERLOWER-470

VHF2VHF1UHF4 406-430136-150150-17445.05MHz45.05MHz45.05MHz45.05MHzLOWERLOWERUPPERUPPER '

Frequency

Band

Heterodyne

IF Frequency

2)

Battery saver

When

changes.

the

channel

r OFF •

S •

M

selector

is turned,

L (OFF) I

the

display

3) Time-out timer

When

changes.

the

channel

selector

is turned,

~30•

•27060•

••

••

•300(60)90

I120

150 •

180 •

the

display

210 •

•240

4) Scan

When

changes.

the

channel

selector

I

selector

is turned,

the

display

is turned,

the

channel

r OFF •

SCAN(SCAN)

5)

r

6) Talk around activity

DELETE/ADD

When

changes.

the

channel

DIA 1 •

DI A2

OFF(DI A2) .•

r

7)

When

changes.

the

channel

TA

OFF(T A)

.•

selector

is turned,

Power select activity

the

display

When

changes.

the

channel

selector

is turned,

the

display

display

display

is dis-

r LO •

OFF(LO)

8) MONITOR mode set

i

9)

When

changes.

the

channel

OFF •

SI81

BEEP mode set

When

chahges.

the

channel

ION

OFF(ON) ~

When

played.

set) appears

the

all the

If the

selector

SI82

selector

is turned,

SOL

I

is turned,

the

the

items

have

been

set,

" END"

[PTT]

key

is pressed,

item

1 (Destination

again.

If the

[TA] key is pressed,

the test

mode returnes

(SEL is displayed).

5. Tuning mode

Setting

method

refer to ADJUSTMENT.

REALIGNMENT

TK-250

, 6. PC mode

• Preface

The TK-250 transceiver is programmed by using a personal computer, programming interface (KPG-22) and program-

ming software (KPG-23D). The programming software can be used with an IBM PC or compatible. Figure 1 shows the setup of an IBM PC for pro-

 

gramming.

Connenction

procedure

CD Connect

the TK-250

terface cable.

to the personal computer

with the in-

cv Hold down the [LAMP] and [LO] keys, and turn the POWER switch on. (Hold down the [LAMP] key for at least two sec- onds.) When the PC rnode in entered, "-PC-" is displayed on the LCD.

the red LED goes

When data transmitting on.

Wh en data

from transceiver

receiving to transceiver

the green LED goes on.

Notes:

Do not connect

the

interface

cable

in the normal

receive

mode .

The data stored in the personal computer

UHF, and IF when it is written

must match VHF,

into the E2PROM.

• Do not press the [PTT] key during data transmission or

reception .

• Change the TK-250 to PC mode. then plug in.

IBM- PC

i

)

Fig. 1

• KPG-22 description (P.C. programming interface cable: Option) The KPG-22 is required to interface the TK-250 to the com-

puter. It has a circuit in its D-subconnector (25-pin) case that converts the RS-232C logic level to the TTL level. The KPG-22 connects the side panel jacks of the TK-250 to the computers RS-232C serial port.

Program ming software description The KPG-23D Programming Disk is supplied

in 5-1/4" and

3-1/2" disk format. The Software on th is disk allows a user

to program

TK-250

radios via Programming

Interface cable

(KPG-22).

• Programming with IBM PC If data is transferred to the transceiver from an IBM PC with

the KPG-23D, the destination data (basic radio information)

for each set can be modified. Normally, it is not necessary to

modify the destination data because their values are deter- mined automatically when the frequency range (frequency type) is set. The values should be modified only if necessary . Data can be programmed into the E2PROM in RS-232C for- mat via the SP MIC plug. In this mode the PTT and CLN lines operate as TXD and

RXD data lines respectively.

(

KPG-23D

Parts No: B62-0476-08

Instruction Manual

)

TK-250

7. Clone Mode

REALIGNMENT

Enter trom PC mode while pressing DIA key.

In the clone mode, two transceivers are connected together

and the contents

of the E2PROM of one transceiver are cop-

led to the E2PROM of the other.

The optional KCT-8 is used for cloning. For the connection method, see Rgure 2.

KCT-8

CD Connect

Procedure

the two

TK-250

transceivers

with the KCT-8 Interface cable.

in the clone

mode

CV On the

the PC

mode (the [LAMP] key remains iIIuminated for two seconds). Additionally, en the data trransmission side, press the [DIA] key to enter the clone mode; " -C- " appears on the display. Q) When the [MONI] key on the transmitter is pressed, the E2PROM data is copied, and the ON AIR indicator lights. The state of the receiver does not change. After (about 40 sec-

data reception

side, whlle depressing

the [LAMP]

and [LO] keys, turn the power switch

ON to enter

Fig. 2

onds) the E2PROM copying ends, and "END" is displayed on transmission side LCD. The ON AIR indicator on the trans-

mitter goes oft.

@) If the [SCAN] key is pressed while END is being displayed

"-

C -"

is displayed

again, and cloning is made possible.

Notes:

• VHF, UHF, and IF must match.

• Do not press the [PTT] key during data transmission.

• The TK-250/350

cannot be cloned with any other mode Is.

,

REALIGNMENT

8. User mode

In the user mode, the user uses the transceiver.

To enter this mode, switch the power on in the use mode .

• Initial state

Function/state

Al! channels DEL

PowerInitialReceiveonvalue

OFF

LowestOFFchannel memorized

OFF

OFF

Backup

Backup

Backup

BackupEach CH setting

+-

+-

+-

+-

TK-250

• Functions

Encoder

MONI

TA

DIA

: Channel up/down

: MONI on/off

: is turned on or off each time

The talkaround

the key is pressed.

: Scan delete/add change

1) Talkaround

The talkaround

receive frequency and receive signaling. The talkaround is

turned on or off each time the

not work during scanning. The talkaround is turned off if the channel is changed with the encoder or if scanning starts. The talkaround function can be selected in the self program-

function is used to transmit data with the

[TA] key is pressed. It does

ming mode(function setting mode) .

r Talkaround

off

~

.j Talkaround

on

~

Mode

TransmitTransmit withwith thethe transmitreceive Function frequencyfrequency andandreceivetransmitsignaling.signaling.

TK-250

CIRCUIT

DESCRIPTION

1.

OVERVIEW

The

KENWOOD

model TK-250

is a VHF/FM

hand-held

transceiver

designed

to

operate

in the frequency

range

of

150 to 174 MHz. The unit consists

of a receiver,

a transmit-

ter, a phase-Iocked loop (PLL) frequency synthesizer, power

supply circuits

a contra I unit, a display unit.

ANT

TX,RX

: 150-174MHz

K,M, T,

E

TX,RX

: 136-150MHz

K2,M2

MCF

2. CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION

BY FREQUENCY

with

a first intermediate frequency (IF) of 45.05MHz and a second

IF of 455kHz.

signals from the anten na are mixed

The receiver is a double-convers

Incoming

ion superhetrodyne

with the local signal

from the

PLL to produce

the first

IF of

45.05MHz.

This is th en mixed with the 45.505MHz second local os-

cillator output to produce the 455Hz second IF. This is de-

tected to give the demodulated signa!.

PLL

The transmit

signal

frequency

is generated

by the

VCO, and modulated by the signal from the micraphone. It is

then anplified and sent to the antenna.

CF

455kHz

 

SP

195.05-219.05

: K,M,

T,

E

181.05-195.05

: K2,M2

 

MIC

150-174MHz

K,M, T,

E

136-150MHz

K2,M2

16

Fig. 1 Frequency configuration

3. RECEIVER

The

receiver

SYSTEM

is double

Nominal center frequency

conversion

Terminating impedance

Attenuation

Ripple

Guaranteed

band width

attenuation

Insertion loss

Pass band width

superhetrodyne,

de-

signed

to

operate

in

the

frequency

range

of

150

to

174MHz(K,M)

and 136-150MHz(K2,M2).

3.1

Front-end

An incoming

RF amplifier

is applied

to

an

RF

signal from the antenna

amplifier (017) after passing thraugh a transmitlreceive switch

the

signal is filtered by a Band-shift type band-pass filter to elimi-

nate unwanted

circuit

. After

(08 and

09

are of!)

the signal is amplified,

signals before it is routed to the first mixer.

3.2 First mixer

The signal from the RF amplifier is heterodyned with the

Nominal center frequency

Terminating impedance

band width

Attenuation

Guaranteed attenuation

Pass band width

Insertion loss

Ripple

first local oscillator signal fram the PLL frequency synthe- sizer circuit at the first mixer (014) to become a 45.05MHz

first

is fed through

further remove spurious signais.

intermediate

frequency

monolithic

(1st IF) signal. The first IF signal

crystal

filters (MCFs

: XF1) to

two

(Spurious

Item : 40dB or more)

4dB or less

80dB or more within ±910kHz

800Q/2pF

45.05MHz

±7.5kHz

±22kHz

1 .OdB or less

Rating

or less at 2.5dB

or more at 3dB

XF1 : L71-0409-15(ExceptT)

Item (Spurious : 40dB or more)

45.05MHz

±3.75kHz or more at 3dB

290Q/7pF

4dB or less

80dB or more within ±1000kHz

±14.0kHz or less at 40dB

1 .OdB or less

Rating

XF1 : L71-0461-05(

T)

CIRCUIT

DESCRIPTION

TK-250

3.3 IF amplifier

The first IF signal is amplified

by 010,

and then enterd IC2

(FM IC). The signal is heterodyned again with a second local

Nominal center frequency

Guaranteed attenuation

Terminal

40dB band width

Ripple

Insertion loss

6dB band width

oscillator signal within IC2 to become a 455kHz second IF

signa!. The second IF signal is fed through a 455kHz

ramic filter to futher eliminate undesired signals before it is amplified and FM detected in IC2.

impedance

ce-

3.4 Audio amplifier

The recovered audio signal obtained from IC2 is amplified by IC208 (1/2)(contral board), low-pass filtered by IC205 (2/ 2), high-pass filtered by IC205 (1/2) and band-eliminate fil-

tered by IC211 (1/2). The audio signal is then passed through an audio frequency switch (0204) and de-emphasized by

IC211 (2/2). The processed audio signal passes through an

Nominal center frequency

6dB band width

Guaranteed

Terminal impedance

Ripple

40dB band width

Insertion loss

attenuation

audio volume control and is amplified to a sufficient level to drive a loud speaker by an audio power amplifier {lC222).

3.5 Squelch

The output

and mute signal from the squelch circuit, which consists

of IC208 (2/2) and 0203, is applied to the microprocessor.

The microprocessor passes information to the shift registor (IC213) and it contrals the mute contrallines (AF MUTE and AC) according to the input signal (noise pulse) and the mi- croprocessor task condition.

Item

455kHz±7.5kHz±15.0kHz orormoremore

2.0dB or less (455kHz±5kHz)

6dB25dB1.5kQororlessmore

Rating

within fo±100kHz

from

DET

Item

Item

IC208(1/2)

CF1,2:

6dB or less

455kHz

±6.0kHz

±12.5kHz

27dB or more within fo±100kHz

1.5dB or less (455kHZ±4.0kHz)

1.5kQ

Rating

or more

or more

L72-0927-05( E)

455kHz

6dB or less

±4.5kHz

±11.0kHz

2.0dB or less (455kHz±3.0kHz)

25dB or more within fo±100kHz

Rating

1.5kQ

.

or more

or more

CF1,2 : L72-0922-05( T )

IC208(2/2)

Q203

20

CPU

IC221

ANT

CF1,2:

L72-0906-05 (ExceptT,

E)

AF MUTE

AC

IC213

OUTPUT

EXPANDER

Fig. 3 Squelch and Mute

DET

Fig. 2 Receiving system

17

I

TK-250

CIRCUIT

DESCRIPTION

4. TRANSMITTER

SYSTEM

4.1 Microphone amplifier

The signal from

the

microphone

is high-pass

filtered

by

IC207 (1/2), passed through microphone mute circuit (0202), limited and pre-emphasized by IC207 (2/2), before being passed to the low-pass filter network (IC216).

4.2 Modulator

of the low-pass filter network (IC216) is passed

to the DIA converter (IC206) for maximum deviation adjust-

ment and the summing amplifier (IC201 2/2) before being applied to a varactor diode (0504) in the voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) located in the frequency synthesizer section.

The output

0501

I-

~

ü

1 '" '"

III

R268R263 '"

'"

H

5

I

R279

I

li 1!

~

M

Cl:

Cl:

I

0

(2/2)

0504

(1/2)

R252

1

C276 -~I',,"II

6

'"

0

T~

I

ILPFI

C26611

IC207

I

I-

.•

C257

'"

V02

3

Q202

Fig. 4 Microphone

«

R~",

amplifier,

I

IC216

(ADJ)

I LPFI

A

-

6

(2/2)

IC216 !LPF!

+

I BI

~L.S.D

modulator

CIRCUIT

DESCRIPTION

TK-250

4.3 Driver

and final power

amplifier

The transmit

signal is directly

generated

by the VCO. The

transmit signal obtained from the VCO buffer amplifier 012, is amplified by 015, to approximately 2dBm. This amplified

signal is passed to the power module(IC5). The power mod-

ule consist of a 3-stage

ing up to 4.8W

amplifier and is capable of prod~c-

.

4.4 ANT switching

a 3-

stage low-pass filter network and a transmit/receive switch- ing circuit before it is passed to the anten na terminal. The transmit/receive switching circuit is comprised of 08 and 09. 08 and 09 are turned on (conductive) in transmit mode and turned off (isolated) in receive mode.

The power

module

output

signal is passed

through

4.5

Automatic

power

control

and

transmitter

output

level switch

The automatic

power

control

(APC) circuit stabilizes the

transmitter

output

power

at a pre-determined

level by sens-

ing the collector

current

of the final amplifier

transistor

in the

power module. The voltage comparator (IC4) compares the voltage obtained by the above collector current with a refer-

An

en ce voltage,

set

using

the

microprocessor

and

018.

APC voltage proportional

to

the

difference

between the

sensed voltage and the reference

voltage

appears

at the

output of IC4. This output voltage controls

turn controls the voltage at pin 2 of the power module, which keeps the transmitter output power constant. The transmit-

016,

which

in

ter output

power

can be varied

to

1W

or 2W

by the micro-

processor,

which

in turn

changes

the

reference

voltage

of

IC4, and hence the output

power.

 

A5!

AMP.

Q16

I RF

I

<D

'"

(J

IC5

POWER

5T

B

AMP

R53

I

I LPFI

CI04

C!08

C113

 

IRF

swi

LIl

I

L13

I

L!4

08

C123

A57

CI07

Cl!!

 

+

 

o

o

c::;

I

A62

I

CI06

I

C112

'"

J

ANT

(Drive and final power amplifier, ANT switching, APC and transmitter output level switch)

Fig. 5

Transmit

power system

loc

Q19

swi

L17

TK-250

CIRCUIT

DESCRIPTION

5. PLL FREQUENCY

SYNTHESIZER

5.1

PLL

The frequency

step of the PLL circuit

is 5 or 6.25kHz.

A

12.8MHz

reference

oscillator

signal

is divided

at

IC3 by

a

fixed counter to produce

the

5

or

6.25kHz

reference

fre-

quency. The VCO output

signal

is buffer

amplified

by 013,

then divided in IC3, by a dual-modules programmabie counter

in this

the 5 or 6.25kHz

also in IC3. The output signal from the phase comparator

low-pass filtered and passed to the VCO to control the oscil- lator frequency.

in phase with

case.

The divided

signal

is compared

reference

signal in the

phase

comparator

is

5.2 Voltage

The operating mode and 0505

controlled

controlled

oscillator(VCO)

is generated

frequency

in receive mode. The oscillator

by 0504

in transmit

frequency

is

from

by applying the VCO control

voltage, obtained

the

transmit

R pin in set high in receive mode causing 0501

turn off 0504,

mode. The outputs from 0504 and 0505 are amplified by 0503 and outputed to the buffer amplifiers.

in

in receive mode). The TI

and 0503

phase

comparator

,

to

the

varactor

diodes

( 0501

mode and 0502

and 0502

to

and turn on 0505,

and is set low for transmit

5.3 Unlock detector

IC3, an unlock

condition occurs , the OC voltage obtained from 09 and

011,

to go low. Wh en the microprocessor detects this

condition, the transmitter is disabled by ignoring the push-

to-talk switch input signa!.

processor

If a pulse signal appears

causes

the voltage

at the

LO pin

to the

of

applied

UL pin of the micro-

~------- --

11R

I

I

I

I

I

I

~

L50

lOGO'

ASOJ

C;01

-

 

012

I RF

BUFFER

AMP.

I

 

R31

ce3

L24

CI32

C'.'-_~mrT0131

~ï ~ï~l

A11

RlO

R22

 

UHL

011

09

 

001

 

XI

12.

8101Hz

XI'

DO

lO

IC3

~

10 "FIN

OT

13

"'I"~

CK

11

PLL

DAT"

Fig.6

PLL frequency

synthesizer

CIRCUIT

DESCRIPTION

6. POWER SUPPL Y CIRCUIT

6.1 Power switching

A 5V reference voltage is derived from an external power

6.2

Battery

sa ver

If no activity

is detected(squelch

TK-250

closed)

on the channel,

supply or internal

battery by IC1. This reference is used to

the units enters into the battery save mode controiled by the

provide a 5V supply in transmit mode [5T] , and a 5V supply

microprocessor and shift registor. In this mode, SAVE line is

in receive mode

[5R] and a 5V supply common

in both modes

set low, causing Q4 to disable [5SV].

[5C] and [5SV]

based on the control signal

se nt from the

microprocessor

or shift register.

IC203 and IC204 in the con-

trol unit provide cuits .

a 5V supply

for the control

and display

cir-

TX-RX

SB

section

IAVR

I Cl

Power supply

I

SB

r--

Ü

1+

SAV

T/R

I DC

'" '"

ü 1

SW I

'"

,.

ü cr:

([)

Q5

KEY(APC)

0)

cr:

Q7

,.

cr:

5SV

Q4

I DC

t~

+1

co

CV) N Ü

Fig.7

Power supply circuit

(Power switching,

battery saver)

CV)

o

5T

5SV(VCO)

5R

SW

I

TK-250

CIRCUIT

DESCRIPTION

7. CONTROL

UNIT

The control

unit consists

of microprocessor

IC221 and its

peripheral

data to and from the display section.

performs

circuits.

It controls

the TX-RX

unit and

transfers

The CPU (IC221) mainly

the following

:

1) Switching

between

signal input.

transmission

and reception

by PTT

2)

Reading

channel,

frequency,

and

program

data

from

IC212,

220.

3)

Sending

frequency

program

data to the PLL.

 

4)

Controling

squelch

ON/OFF

by the

pulse

signal

input

from the squelch

circuit.

 

5)

Controling

the audio

mute

circuit

by decode

data

in-

put.

6) Transmiting

encode data.(OT,

DOT)

7)

Sending

trol various function in the unit.

serial data to output

expander

(IC213) to con-

7.1 OT, DOT encode

The OT, DOT encoder

tone

is set

by the

data

from

the

microprocessor(lC221).

The OT,

DOT tones

are applied

to

the VCO and VCXO (X1) after passing through the DI A con- vertor (IC206) for tone deviation adjustment and the sum- ming amplifier (IC201).

7.2

OT ,DOT

decode

A part of the recovered