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Rectangular Concrete Tanks

Section 1. lntroduction :ients are @ven-except wliere they are known 1 1 ) he

zero-at edges, quarter points, and midpoints both in ,\ illld
While a cylindrical shape may be structurlñly best for Y directions.
tank construction, rectangular tanks frequently are pre- The slab was assumed t o act as a tliin plate. for 1111ich
ferred for specific purposes. Special processes o r operations equations are available in textbooks sucli as Thnv 1' ~f
may make circular tanks inconvenient to use. Wlien several PIates and Shells b'), S. Timoshenko.** blit since ( ~ l l ! ' a
separate cells are required, rectangular tanks can be small portion of the necessary calculations for rntjiill'nf
arranged in less space than circular tanks of the same coefficients for specific cases is available in tlie engiiir+'linE
capacity. Tanks or vats needed inside a building are literature, tlicy Iiave been made especially for tlus artirlk'
therefore often made in rectangular or sqiiare shapes. For Tabio I\' contains nioment coefficients fvr uniforiii I6';1d
these and other reasons. breweries. tanneries. and paper on a rectangular plate considered hiiiged on al1 four ~111~'~.
mills generally use rectangular tanks. The table is for use in desigriing cover slabs and b1~11l)m
Data presented here are for design of rectangular tanks slabs for rectangular tanks with o n e cell. If cover sldl' is
wliere the walls are subject t o hydrostatic pressure of zero made coiitinuous over /ntermediate sirpports, the dg.slFn
at tlie top and maxjmum at the bottom Some of the data niay be niade in accordance witli procedures for the d* 31n.
rnay be used for design of coiinterforted retaining walls of slabs supported on forir sides.t
subject to eartli pressure for wliich a hydrostatic t y p e of Coefficients for iiidividual paiiels with fixed side r c i ~ c ~
loading may be substituted in the design calcrrlations. Data apply without modificativn to continuous walls prc,tlllrd
also may be applied t o design of circular reservoirs of large tliere is n o rotation about vertical edges. lri a sqiiare 1411k.
diameter where lateral stability depends on the action of 11-iei-efore.monicnt coefficients may be taken directly Ill)m
counterforts built integrally with the wall. Tables 1, 11, or 111. In a rectangular tank. howevci, 11"
Another article on tank construction. "Circular Concrete adjustinent inust be made. as was done in Tables V a1111VI>
Tanks Without Prestressing," has been published by Port- sjniilar t o the niodification of fixed-end iiioinents 111 a
land Cement Association. frame analyzed by moment distribution.
In this procedure the conirnon-side edge of t w o adiílk " ~ l f
panels is first considered artificially restrairied so ttiial 110
Secrion 2. Moment Coefficients rotation can take place about the edge. Fixed-edpr III(''
inents taken froin Tables 1, 11. or 111 are usiially dissiiiiillll ti1
Moinent coefficients wcre calciilated for individual panels adjacent panels and tlie differences, wliich ccirrespoiill ' 0
considered f i e d along vertical edpes, and coefficients were unbalanced iiionients, tend t o iotate tlie cdge. Wlicii (I'c
subsequently adjristed t o allow for a certain rotation about artificial restraint is removed they will inciuce additill1l"l
tlie vertical edges. First. three sets of edge conditions were moments in the panels Adding induced and fixetl l'lld
iiivestigated, in al1 o f which vertical edges were assumed moinents al the edge gives filial end nioinrnts3 wliicli ~~~~~~~
f i e d wliile the ot tier edges were as follows: be idcntical oii citlier side of tlie coinmon edge.
1. T o p hinged- bottoiii liinged hloment distribution cannot be applied as simply t ( 1 ~ l ' e
2. T o p free--bottom Iiinged case of contiiiiious tank walls as it can t o framed struc1111~'s-
3. T o p free-bottoni fixed* bccause nioments inust be distiibrited siniuli:ineously allll:6
Moment coefficients for tliese edge conditions are given the entire length of tlie side edge so tliat nionicnts b e c ~ l l l ~ c
in Tables 1, 11, and 111 resptctively. In al1 tahles. a denotes eqiial at botli sides at any poiiit o f tlie e d g e Ttie prc,llfl'lil
height and b width of the wall. In Taldes 1, 11, and 111. --
* A ~ p l i c ; i h l ein r a s r s wlferr ir~:ill slah. roiintrrf<,;t. alid hiri. al""
coefficients are given for nine r a ~ i o sof b/a, the liinits being :Irt. al1 huili intepr;illy.
b/a = 3.0 and 0.5. Tlie origin of tlie cooidinate system is at *'l'uhlislied by McGraw-Hill Rook Co.,News Y o r . 1940.
tSre S r c t i i ~ n 2 0 0 2 , A C I S l a i i d a r d 318.63. "liiiilding i '"*e
midpoinl of the tup edge; tlie Y axis is Iiorizontal; the X R r q u i r e r n e n l s f t ) r Hrinforred Concrele." A m e r i c o Coilcretc III"".
axis is vertical and its p s i t i v e direction downwaid. Coeffi- t u t e . I)elroil. M i r l i . , J u i i e 1963.